Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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guards. He has been called a realist whose works
were scarcely pictures, and sometimes the criticism
is not without foundation. His best pictures
are apt to lack what the French call enveloppe.
They hare little unity or subordination, while they
are often cold in colour. The strength of his work
lies in its robust simplicity of conception, in its
vigorous solidity of method, and in its unfailing
carefulness. Van der Heist died at Amsterdam,
December 16, 1670. Pictures :

Amsterdam. Museum. The Banquet of the Civic Guard
on June 18, 1643, in celebra-
tion of the conclusion of
peace with Spain. 1648. {His
viost famous picture.)
„ „ The Heads or ' Umpires ' of the

Brotherhood of St. Sebastian,
Amsterdam. 1653.
„ The Company of Captain Koelof

Bicker and Lieut. J. M. Blau,
before a tavern in Amster-
dam. 1639.
„ „ Portrait of the Princess Maria

Henrietta Stuart.
(And eleven others.)
„ Town-hall. The Marksmen. 1656.

„ fVorkhouse. Conversation-piece. 1650.

Hague. Gallery. Portrait of Paul Potter.

London. Nat. Gallery. Portrait of a Lady in Blue.

„ „ (?) Portrait of a Lady.

Munich. Gallery. Two Portraits.

New York. Museum. Music.

Paris. Louvre. Smaller repetition of the above

picture, ' The Umpires.' 1688.
Rotterdam. Museum. Portrait of » Protestant Divine ;
signed and dated 1638, pro-
hahly his earliest work. (Arid
four others.)

VAN DER HE5iST, Lodewijk, painter, was the
son of Bartholomeus van der Heist. He was born
at Amsterdam in 1646, and became the pupil of his
father. He practised in Amsterdam, where he died
after 1680. Works :

Amsterdam. R. Museum. Portrait of Admiral Stelling-
„ „ Portrait of Adriana Hinlopen.

VAN DER HE YDEN, Jan, (or Van der Heijden,)
was born at Gorinchem (Gorcum) in 1637. His
only instruction consisted of a few desultory lessons
received from an unknown glass-painter ; but
his natural genius soon discovered itself in very
correctly finished drawings of ruins and buildings.
He next attempted similar subjects in oil, and suc-
ceeded still better. He travelled in Germany, Bel-
gium, and England, painting in Cologne, Brussels,
London, and other places. He died at Amsterd am,
September 28, 1712. The chief pictures of Van der
Heyden represent picturesque spots in Dutch towns,
particularly in Amsterdam. Although he paints
each individual brick or stone in his buildings,
there is nothing hard or dry in his pictures ; his
handling is dexterous and light, and his colour
warm and luminous. His pictures are generally
furnished with figures by Adriaan van de Velde.
After the death of Adriaan, Van der Heyden got
Lingelbach and Eglon van der Neer to perform the
same office for him. We have a few original
etchings by this painter ; he had also a secret for
printing pictures. These were stamped in oil
colours on parchment and afterwards retouched.
The following pictures by Van der Heyden may be
named :

Amsterdam. K. Museum. A Quay with Trees.
Brunswick. Gallery, A Landscape with old Castle.


Bridgewater Gall,
Buckingham Pal.

Ashhurton Coll.

Paris. Zouvre.

J) ))

Petersburg. Hermitage.

Brussels. Arenhurg Coll. The Quay of Amsterdam.
Cassel. Gallery. A Palace in Brussels with

Dutch Flower Garden, &o.
Copenhagen. „ View of a ChiUeau.

Dresden. „ View of a Convent.

(And three others.)
Hague. Museum. View in a Dutch Town.

London. National Gall. Street in Cologne.

„ „ An Architectural Group.

„ „ Landscape.

Street in a Town.

View in a Dutch Town.

Dutch House by a Caoal.

View in a Dutch Town.

A Market-place at Mid-day.

A Square.

Duke of Brabant's Palace,

The Town Hall of Amsterdam.
Village by a River.
Dutch Canal and Street.
Mountain Landscape with
Vienna. Gallery. Old Castle surrounded by


There was also a Jan van der Heyden the
younger, of whom little is known.

VAN DER HEYDEN, Jakob, engraver, was
born at Strasburg about 1570 and died in 1637.
At the beginning of the 17th century he was living
at Frankfort, where he engraved a number of small
pictures of churches, an 'Interior of Strasburg
Minster' among them.

VAN DER HORST, Gerard, a Dutch draughts-
man and painter of landscapes and marines, who
flourished in the 17th century. Jan van de Velde
engraved after him.

VAN DER HORST, Nicolas, was born at Ant-
werp in 1598, and was educated in the scliool of
Rubens. He afterwards travelled through Ger-
many, France, and Italy, and on his return to the
Netherlands established himself at Brussels, where
he was not unsuccessful as a painter of history
and portraits. The Archduke Albert favoured him,
and appointed him to his household. He died at
Brussels in 1646. Several of his drawings for
booksellers are extant, and his ' Sacrifice of Jepli-
thah ' was in the Suermondt Collection. He painted
a portrait of Marie de' Medici, which Vostermann
engraved. He signed with the initials N. V. II.

VAN DER HULST, Jan Baptist, was born at
Louvain in 1790, and first studied under Geedts at
Ghent, after which he visited Paris, Rome, Naples,
&c. He settled at the Hague, became court-painter
to Willem I. of the Netherlands, and was elected
a member of the Amsterdam Academy. His work
was at first confined to historical subjects and altar-
pieces, but at a later period he took to portraits,
which he sometimes lithographed. He died at
Brussels in 1862. In the Amsterdam Museum
there are by him the portraits of Willem I. and of
his Queen.

VAN DER HULST, Pieter, the elder, a Dutch
painter, who flourished in the first half of the 17th
century, was a pupil of Van Goyen. His works
consisted of landscapes with figures ; among them
are :

Brun.swick. Gallery. A Church Consecration. 1628.
Frankfort. Stadel Inst. Dutch Village with Eiver. 1652.

VAN DER HULST, Pieter, a Dutch painter,
born at Dordrecht in 1652. He was at first a pupil
of W. Doudyns, but from 1674 he studied under
Mario Nuzzi, at Rome, where he attempted his-
torical painting, but without success. He after-
1 wards painted flowers, fruit, and reptiles, in the


Van der Jagt


Van der Leepe

style of Nuzzi. Ultimately he settled at the
Hague. He was called ' Toiirnesol ' or ' Solsiffe,'
because he generally painted a sunflower in his
pictures. His manner of painting was rather Italian
than Dutch. He died in 1701.

VAN DER JAGT, Maetinus, draughtsman and
painter, was born at Haarlem in 1747. He was a
pupil of J. H. Jelgersma and Jan Punt, and painted
animals somewhat in the style of Hondecoeter.
He also painted sea-pieces. He died at Zeist in 1805.
:, VAN DER JEUGHT, Jan Jozbf, a Flemish
, painter of history and portraits, who flourished at
Antwerp in the 18th century. In 1771 he was
director of the Antwerp Academy.

VAN DER KABEL, Adkiaan, or Akib, (or Van
DER Cabel,) originally Van dee Toow, painter and
etcher, was born at Ryswiok, near the Hague, in
1631. He was a scholar of Van Goyen. Leaving
home to visit Italy, he stopped at Lyons, where

■ his works were so much admired, and so liberally

■ paid for, that he was induced to settle in that city.
; This took place not later than 1669, for in that
I year he married one Susanne Bourgeois, at Lyons.
! He painted landscapes with figures and cattle, and
; views of sea-ports. He appears to have sometimes
i imitated the style of Benedetto Castiglione and
.' Salvator Rosa, at others that of the Carracci and P.
• P. Mola. His pictures are very unequal, as his
I life was irregular and dissolute. Descamps says
I he did not visit Italy, but there is a tradition that

he was known in Rome by the nicknames of
'Corydon' and ' Geestigkeit.' He died at Lyons
in 1705. A landscape by him, signed, and dated
1652, is in the Munich Pinakothek ; and in the
Lyons Museum there is a sea-piece. Van der Cabel
has left the following etchings :

A set of six Landscapes, Tvith figures and buildings.

Another set of thirty Landscapes and Marines.

A set of four mountainous Landscapes, with figures ;
inscribed A. vander Cabel fecit. N. Robert exc.

Two large Landscapes, with figures.

A large upright Landscape, with St. Bruno : the figure
is engraved with a single stroke, in the manner of

Another, its companion, with St. Jerome.

VAN DER KAPPEN, Pkans, a Flemish painter,
was born in 1660, at Antwerp. He died in 1723,
and nothing is known of his life beyond the bare
fact that he travelled in Italy.

VAN DEB KOOGEN, Lebndebt, painter, was
born at Haarlem in 1610. His parents were in
affluent circumstances ; and on his discovering an
inclination for art, sent him to Antwerp, where
he became a scholar of Jacob Jordaens. On his
return to Holland, his first efforts were in history,
but becoming acquainted with Cornells Bega, he
quitted that for conversations, boors regaling, and
other things in the style of Bega. He entered the
Haarlem Guild in 1652, and died in that city in
1681. His works are little known out of his own
country. Van der Koogen has left several etchings,
some of which are in the style of Salvator Rosa.
We may name the following :

A set of six prints of Soldiers ; in three series, dated
1664, 1665, and 1666.

A set of four, representing Apollo and the Muses ; the
Battle of the Giants ; a Sacrifice near a Tomb ; and
a Standard-bearer, with Soldiers.

Another set of four ; a Female Head, 1664 ; an Bcce
Homo, 1664 ; St. Sebastian, 1665 ; and two Men play-
ing at Tric-trac.

VAN DER KOOGH, Adrianus, painter, was
born at Middelharnis in 1796, and died at Dor-

drecht in 1831. The Rotterdam Museum has a
landscape by him.

VAN DER KOOI, Willem Baetel, was born at
Augustinusga, in Friesland, in 1768. He studied
under J. Verrier, at Leeuwarden, and under Beek-
kerk, and in 1798 became teacher of drawing at the
Academy at Franeker, where he remained till its
dissolution in 1811. In 1808, he won a prize of
2000 florins at the Amsterdam Exhibition, for his
picture of a ' Lady with a Servant handing her a
Letter.' After this he resumed study at Dussel-
dorf after Van Dyck. He was correspondent of
the Netherlands Institute, and a member of the
Academies of Amsterdam, Antwerp, and Ghent.
He died at Leeuwarden in 1836. Seven portraits
by him are in the Amsterdam Museum.

VAN DER KRYNS, (or Kryns van dee Maes,)
Bvrard, a Dutch painter of the 17th century, was
a pupil of van Mander. He was received into the
Painters' Guild at the Hague in 1604, but worked
for the greater part of his life in Italy and other
foreign countries. The Hague archives speak of
him also as a glass painter. The windows in the
Prederiksborg Chapel, Copenhagen, which were
destroyed in the fire of 1859, were by him.

VAN DER KDYL, Gtsbbet, a Dutch painter,
born at Gouda at the .beginning of the 17th century.
He was a pupil of Wouter Crabeth the younger,
and also spent twenty years in Prance and Italy.
His manner shows the influence of Honthorst and
Abraham Bloemaert. . He died at Gouda in 1673.
The Amsterdam Museum possesses two of his

VAN DEE LAAK, Maria, a Dutch painter, who
worked at the Hague about the middle of the 17th
century, and died there in 1664.

VAN DER LAAN, Adeiaan, a Dutch engraver,
was bom at Utrecht about the year 1690. He
resided some time in Paris, where he worked for
the printsellers. His most important performance
is a set of landscapes after J. Glauber. He also en-
graved a portrait of Laurens Coster, of Haarlem,
to whom the Dutch attribute the invention of print-
ing, and some plates after Van der Meulen. He
was still living in 1742.

VAN DER LAAN, Dirk, a Dutch painter, and
pupil of Prans Floris, who flourished in the 16th
century, and painted history in small.

VAN DER LAMEN. See Van der Lanen.

VAN DER LANEN, Cheistoffel Joan, or
Jacobsz, (Laenen, Lamen,) a Flemish painter, is
supposed to have been born at Antwerp about
the year 1570. He is believed to have been a
pupil of Prans Prancken the younger. He was
working at Antwerp about 1620, whilst one of his
pictures is dated as late as 1638. He painted con-
versations and riotous subjects, some of them not
very decent. The picture bearing the above date
represents ' Two Ladies playing at Draughts.' A
' Ball at Antwerp ' by him is in the Copenhagen
Gallery. He died in 1651 or 1652.

VAN DER LEEPE, Jan Anthonie, painter,
came of an opulent family, originally of Brussels,
which city his parents left on account of the
troubles in Brabant, to settle at Bruges, where our
artist was born in 1664. He painted sea-pieces,
both in calm and storm, and landscapes in the style
of Gaspar Poussin. These were generally furnished
with figures by his fellow-townsmen, Duvenede
and Kerkhove. Van der Leepe was appointed
Comptroller-General of Flanders by the Emperor.
In 1713 he became councillor at Bruges, and in

Van der Leeuw


Van der Meer

1716 'i^chevin.' He died in 1720. A series of
fourteen pictures by him, from the life of Christ,
is at Bruges.

VAN DER LEEUW, Gabriel, (or Gabeiele
Leone,) was born at Dordrecht in 1643. He was
the son of Sebastiaan Van der Leeuw, a painter of
landscapes and animals, who had been a scholar
of Jacob Gerritz Cuyp. In a short time Gabriel
greatly surpassed his father, when he went to
Amsterdam, and there formed an acquaintance with
David van der Plaas, with whom he set out to
visit Italy. Passing through Prance he stopped
four years at Paris, and two at Lyons. On his
arrival at Rome, he studied Benedetto Castig-
lione and Rosa da Tivoli, and painted landscapes
with cattle in their styles. After a residence of ten
years in Italy he returned to Holland, where after
a time he lost his popularity and projected a
return to Italy. But going to Dordrecht, for
the arrangement of some family affairs, he there
died suddenly in 1688. Gabriel van der Leeuw
etched several plates in the style of Castiglione
and H. fioos. When in Italy he signed these
G. Leone, which has led to the invention of an
apocryphal Giovanni, Gabriele, or Guglielmo

VAN DER LEEUW, Pieter, a native of Dor-
drecht, was a younger son of Sebastiaan van der
Leeuw. He studied for some time under his father,
but subsequently became an indefatigable imitator
of Adriaan van de Velde. It is said that he never
painted without one of that master's pictures by his
side. He entered the ' Kunstgenootschap ' in 1669,
and in 1678 he was made director. He died in
1704. Several of Van der Leeuw's best works are
in the galleries of Rotterdam and Munich.

VAN DER LEUR, Nicolaas, was born at Breda
in 1667. After studying art for a time in his
native country, he went to Italy when young,
and passed some years at Rome. On his return to
Holland he acquired some reputation as a painter
of history and portraits. His chief work is the
principal altar-piece in the church of the Recolets,
at Breda. He died about 1726.

VAN DER LINDEN, Moritz, a Dutch painter
of the 17th century. He was a pupil of Caspar
Netscher, and showed talent as a painter of por-
traits and genre. He had, however, a more decided
turn for engineering, and entering the service of
the States-General as engineer, he abandoned art.

VAN DER LISSE, Dieck, painter, flourished at
the Hague about the middle of the 17th century.
He entered the Guild of St. Luke in 1644, helped
to found the new Guild in 1656, was burgomaster
in 1660, and died in 1669. Between him and Van
der Lys there seems to have been some confusion.
Dirck made use of a monogram composed of a D,
an L, and a stroke which may stand for J or I or a
part of V. There is a picture by him in the Munich

VANDERLYN, John, painter, was born at Kings-
ton in America, in 1776. He studied in France,
and on his return to his own country, attracted
attention by some clever pen-and-ink copies of
engravings. After some further study at Washing-
ton, where" he became known by his picture of
' Niagara Falls,' and some creditable portraits, he
returned to Prance, and coming under the influence
of Vincent, began to paint historical pictures. His
'Landing of Columbus,' now in the Capitol at
Washington, was of this period. Prom Paris he
went to Itaiy, where he painted ' Marius among

the Ruins of Carthage,' for which he received a
gold medal from Napoleon I. in 1807. After his
re-establishment in America in 1816, he executed
panoramas of Paris, Athens, Mexico, and Geneva,
which were exhibited in many of the States with
much success. He also painted portraits of Madi-
son, Monroe, Washington, Calhoun, and Jackson.
He died at Kingston in 1852.

VAN DER LYS, Jan, or more probably Dieck,
(Van der Lis, or Van der Lijs,) was born at Breda
in 1600, and was a scholar of Cornelis Poelemburg,
whose manner he imitated so well that his pictures
are often attributed to that master. He painted
historical subjects, landscapes, bathing nymphs, and
conversations ; some of which he engraved. He is
supposed to be identical with Giovanni Lutz, after
whom Mogalli engraved 'A Sacrifice of Isaac'
He has also been confused with Jan Lis, called
Pan (g'. u). He died at Rotterdam in 1657. Pictures
by him are at Brunswick and Copenhagen.

VAN DER MAES, Koenrad, a Dutch painter,
flourished at Leyden towards the close of the 16th
century, and was the master of Joris van Schooten.

VAN DER MAST, Herman, a Flemish painter,
was born at Brielle about 1550. He was a pupil
of Frans Floris, and after that master's death, in
1570, of Frans Francken. Later he worked for a
time in Paris, under the patronage of the Arch-
bishop of Bourges. He is said to have finally
settled at Delft, and to have died there some time
after 1604. His skill was chiefly shown in the
realistic painting of details.

VAN DER MEER, Baeend, (or Bernard,) pro-
bably a son of the elder Jan van der Meer, was
born at Haarlem about 1659, and painted still-life
with some success. Pictures of fruit by him are
in the Vienna Gallery, and at Wiirzburg. The
Vienna picture is signed and dated 1689.

VAN DER MEER, Cathaeina, probably a
daughter of Jan van der Meer the elder, was a
painter of conversation pieces, in the style of Caspar
Netscher. One of her pictures is said to be dated

VAN DER MEER, Geeaed. See Van dee

VAN DER MEER, Jan, called Van dee Meer, of
Delft. See Vee Meee.

VAN DER MEER, Jan. See Van dee Meiee.

VAN DER MEER, Jan, the elder, (erroneously
Veemeeb,) was born at Haarlem in 1628. He
was the son of an obscure painter of the same
name as himself. He entered the school of Jacob
de Wet in 1638, and when he was still young
he visited Italy, accompanied by Lieven van der
Schuur. On his return to Holland his pictures
were sought after with great avidity. He painted
landscapes with cattle and figures, and marines.
His sea-pieces are particularly good, the skies
light and floating, and the water clear and trans-
parent. He also painted battle-pieces with success,
and drew horses with great fire and animation. He
entered the Guild of St. Luke in 1654, and died at
Haarlem in 1691. Works :



View of Haarlem.



Two Landscapes.



A Landscape.


Two Forest-scenes.



Four Landscapes.



Entrance to an Inn.


Gsell Coll.

A Landscape. 1663.

VAN DER MEER, Jan, the younger, (errone-
ously Veemeee,) was the son of Jan van der Meer


Van der Meer


Van der Mij

the elder, and was born at Haarlem in 1656. He
was first instructed by his father, but he afterwards
studied under Nicolas Berchem, of whom he became
one of the best scholars. He painted subjects
similar to those of Berchem, landscapes with cattle
and pastoral figures, and was peculiarly successful
in painting sheep. His landscapes also exhibit very
pleasing scenery. He died at Haarlem in 1705.
Pictures :

Amsterdam. R. Museum.
Berlin. Musmm.

Copenhagen. Oallery.
Dresden. „

Frankfort. Stadel Inst.
Petersburg. Hermitage.
Eotterdam. Musmm.

The Sleeping Shepherd.
Landscape with Cattle.
Landscape with Cattle.
Mountainous Landscape.
Shepherd and Flock.
Evening Landscape.
Italian Landscape.
Italian Landscape.

We have a few charming etchings by this artist,
which are now become scarce, viz. :

A set of four landscapes, with sheep.

A Ewe suckling a Lamb ; /. v. der Meer de Jonghe fecit.

VAN DER MEER, N., a Dutch engraver, who
resided in Paris about the year 1760. He engraved
some church interiors, flowers, &c., for Le Brun's

VAN DER MEEREN, (or Meben,) Jan, a Flemish
painter and engraver, who worked at Antwerp, and
was Dean of the Guild of St. Luke in that city in

VAN DER MEERSCH, Paschdiek, is mentioned
in the archives of Bruges as having entered the
Painters' Guild in that city in 1483, and as having
been a pupil of Memling.

VAN DER MEERSCH, Philip, a Flemish
draughtsman and painter, born at Oudenarde in
1749. He founded a free school of design and
architecture in his native town, where he died in

VAN DER MEIRE, Gekaed, a Flemish painter,
who flourished about the middle of the 15th century
at Ghent. He entered the Guild of St. Luke,
in that city, in 1452, and was sub-dean in 1474.
He is described in a chronicle of the 15th century
as a pupil of Hubert van Eyck, but van Mander
says he began to paint after the death of Jan van
Eyck, which is confirmed by the date of his enrol-
ment in the Guild. Many of his works were
destroyed during the Spanish troubles, and no
absolutely authentic painting by him is known.
In St. Bavon's at Ghent there is a triptych, com-
posed of a 'Crucifixion,' 'Moses striking the Rook,'
and the ' Brazen Serpent,' all much damaged, which
is signed with his name, but the signature is not
beyond suspicion. It is of very slight merit.
Messrs. Crowe and Cavalcaselle are inclined to
accept as his a 'Visitation' and an 'Epiphany,' in
the Berlin Museum, and taking them as standards,
to ascribe also to him a ' Visitation,' in the collection
of Baron Speck von Sternburg, at Liitsohena, near
Leipsic ; the ' Exhumation of St. Hubert,' in the
National Gallery (No. 783) ; the picture known as
' A Count of Henegau, with St. Ambrose,' in the
same collection (No. 264) ; several pictures in the
gallery at Antwerp ; and an ' Annunciation to
(? coronation of) the Virgin ' at Madrid, where it
is assigned to the school of Van Eyck. To this
Van der Meire some of the miniatures in the
Grimani Breviary at Venice used to be ascribed.
Gerard Horenbout is now believed to have been
their author. The portrait of Marco Barbarigo, in
the National Gallery, where it is ascribed to Van

der Meire, is now considered the work of Petrus
Cristus. W.A.

VAN DER MEIRE, Jan, a painter of Ghent in
the 15th century, is called by Immerzeel a brother
of Gerard van der Meire, and scholar of the Van
Bycks. The same author says he painted a picture
of an ' Installation of the Order of the Golden
Fleece ' for Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy,
whom he followed in his campaigns, and that he
died at Nevers in 1471. An interesting discovery
has recently been made concerning Jan van der
Meire. It has been ascertained that a triptych in
the church of S. Sauveur, Aix, which was long
ascribed to. King Ren^ of Anjou, is in reality Jan's
work. It represents King Ren6 with his wife
and their patron saints. The following pictures by
him are at present not to be found :

The Martyrdom of St. Lieven.

The Death of St. Bavon.

Reiffienberg {De la peinture sur verre aux Pays
Bas) mentions a Jan Van der Meire who was
registered in the Antwerp Guild in 1505. The
name, however, was a common one at Ghent during
the 14th and 15th centuries.

VAN DER M^RE, Libven, a Flemish painter of
the 16th century, the date of whose death has been
hypothetically given as 1525-27. He is known to
have worked at Lyons, where there are several
pictures by him in churches.

VAN DER MEULBN, Adam Feans, painter,
was born at Brussels in 1632, though from his
long residence in Paris he is generally classed with
the French school. His parents, who were in easy
circumstances, placed him as a disciple with Peter
Snayers, whom he soon surpassed. Some of hia
first productions then found their way to Paris,
and possessed sufficient merit to attract the atten-
tion of Charles Le Brun, at that time the arbiter of
taste in the French metropolis. As the great aim
of every one about the court was to flatter the
ambition of Louis XIV., Le Brun recommended
Van der Meulen to Colbert, as a likely person to
fitly commemorate the military achievements of

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 163 of 201)