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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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that monarch. The minister agreed. Van der
Meulen was invited to Paris, was pensioned by the
king, and granted apartments at the Gobelins, where
he was employed on designs for tapestry. The
brilliant exploits of Louis XIV. afforded an ample
field for the painter's ability; and Van der Meulen
was appointed to attend his royal patron to the field
in his campaigns. He painted the principal battles
and sieges in Flanders for the Chlteau of Marly.
He also painted huntings and cavalcades. Although
he was principally employed in painting for the
court, many of his pictures are in private collections.
In 1673 he was received a member of the Academy,
Most public museums possess samples of his works,
while those of the Louvre and Versailles have a
large collection between them. The king heaped
riches and distinctions on him, and Le Brun, his
constant friend, gave him his niece in marriage.
Van der Meulen died in Paris in 1690.

VAN DER MEULEN, Pieteb, was the brother,
and probably the scholar, of Frans van der Meulen.
He was originally brought up a sculptor, but aban-
doned that art for painting. He, too, painted
battles and huntings, and in 1670 came to England
to paint the exploits of King William III., Louis's
rival. Largillifere's portrait of this artist was
mezzotinted by Becket.

VAN DER MIJ, Jerome, (Van der My,) was
born at Leyden in 1687, and was a scholar of



Van der IHiju



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Van der Neer



Willem Mieris. He painted history, portraits, and
genre subjects.

VAN DER MIJN, Agatha, the sister of Herman
van der Mijn, came with her brother to London,
and was a member of the Free Society of Artists.
She painted fruit, flowers, game, &c., and exhibited
for the last time in 1768.

VAN DER MIJN, Andreas, an obscure Dutch
engraver, was the second son of Herman van
der Mijn, and resided some time in London. He
was bom in 1714, but the year of his death is un-
known. We have a portrait of Richard Leveridge,
the actor, by him.

VAN DER MIJN, Feans, the third son of Her-
man van der Mijn, was born at Amsterdam in 1719.
He was an excellent portrait painter, and, after
a period of activity in his native town, came to
London, where, in 1763, he became a member of
the Free Society of Artists. To the Society's
exhibitions he sent forty portraits between the
years 1761 and 1772. He was in some ways the
best painter of his family. He died in London,
August 20, 1783.

VAN DER MIJN, Gerhaedt, the eldest of the
sons of Herman van der Mijn, was born in 1706,
and painted chiefly in London. His subjects were
portraits, ladies attired as shepherdesses, and other
subjects after the manner of contemporary French
art.

VAN DER MIJN, Herman, painter, was born
at Amsterdam in 1684. He was the son of a
clergyman, who intended him for the Church,
and bestowed on him a suitable education. His
love for art, however, finally led to his being
placed under the tuition of Ernst Stuven, the
flower painter. Wishing to practise a higher
branch of art, he quitted Stuven and flower-
painting, and turned his attention to history and
portraiture. In 1716 he was summoned to the
court of the Elector Palatine, wh,ere he passed
some time. He afterwards returned to Holland,
where he painted a ' Jupiter and Danae,' which
excited much admiration. He then visited Antwerp,
and afterwards Paris, where he painted a picture of
' Peter denying Christ,' which is considered his best
work. On the recommendation of Lord Cadogan,
became to England about the year 1722, and was
employed in painting portraits for the nobility,
in which he carried minuteness to excess. Fred-
erick, Prince of Wales, and the Prince of Orange,
sat to him ; and he painted a picture of the Duke
and Duchess of Chandos, for which he is said to
have received five hundred guineas. He was also
employed in repairing the pictures at Burleigh
House. Van der Mijn died in London in 1741.
Several of his paintings are at Augsburg and
Munich. Besides his five sons he had a daughter,
Cornelia, who gained some reputation in England
as a painter of still-life. She was born at Am-
sterdam in 1710 ; the year of her death is
unknown.

VAN DER MIJN, Joris, (or George,) the fourth
son of Herman van der Mijn, was bom in London
in 1723, but after the death of his father he went
to Amsterdam, where he painted small portraits
and genre pieces, and discovered a talent for
representing silks and other stuffs. He died at
Amsterdam in 1763.

VAN DER MIJN, Robert, fifth son of Herman
van der Mijn, and a painter of portraits, landscapes,
and fruit and flower-pieces, was born in London
in 1724. He was an imitator of Watteau, and

VOL. IL S S



exhibited portraits with the Free Society in
1762-3-4.

VAN DER MOERE, Nicolas, an early Flemish
painter, who is mentioned in a record of 1397 as
practising at Antwerp.

VAN DER MOIEON, , a Dutch landscape

painter of the 17th century, of whom nothing is
known. In the Stockholm Gallery there are two
pictures by him ; one represents peasants dancing
near the ruins of a temple, the other a cattle fair.

VAN DER MONT, Theodore, a Flemish painter,
was born at St. Trond in 1581. His name has been
Italianized into Deodato Del Monte. He was a
pupil of Rubens, and enjoyed the special friendship
of this master. He was made free of the Guild
of St. Luke at Antwerp in 1608. He worked as
engineer for the King of Spain, and was also em-
ployed by the Duke of Neuburg, who ennobled
him. He died at Antwerp in 1644, and was buried
in the church of St. Jacques. In the Antwerp
Gallery there is a ' Transfiguration ' by him ; another
version of the same subject is at Nancy.

VAN DEN MOORTELLE, (or Moortere,)
Gheeolf, a Flemish painter of the 15th century,
was a pupil of Daniel De Rycke. He became
Master in the Painters' Guild at Ghent in 1453.
In 1460-61 he was engaged on an altar-piece for
the church of Everghem-lez-Gand, jointly with
Lieven Van Den Bossche.

VAN DER NEER, Aeet, (Aernout,) was born
at Amsterdam in 1603. Scarcely anything is
known of his life. He excelled in moonlight
views, generally of towns, and groups of cottages
or fishermen's huts on the banks of a river or canal,
with boats and figures. He is said to have painted
some two hundred of these without a single case
of repetition. He occasionally painted sunsets and
often winter pieces, with figures amusing them-
selves on the ice, in which he is scarcely surpassed.
He died, very poor, at Amsterdam, November 9,
1677. A great variety of dates have been proposed
for Aert van der Neer. Those here given are due
to the researches of Mr. Bredius. His best pictures
have a transparency of colour, a lightness of hand,
a general freshness and sincerity, and a mastery of
composition, which gave them a very high rank in
the Dutch school. He signed his pictures with a
double monogram, an A interlaced with a V, and



a D with an N



)^B1-



Works :



Amsterdam. B. Museum.



Berlin.



Dresden.



Museum.



QalUry.



Dublin. Nat. GaZ.

Dulwich. Gallery.

Frankfort.

Glasgow. Gallery.



London.



Nat. Gall.



A Winter Landscape.

A Stream in Winter.

Landscape.

A Moonlight Piece.

Dutch Town on Fire.

Conflagration at Amsterdam.

Burning of the old Stadthuis at
Amsterdam.

Winter Landscape.

Three Moonlight Landscapes.

Two Moonlight Views, com-
panion pictures.

Dutch Houses on a Canal

Burning Village on a Canal.

Town on Fire by a Eiver.

Eiver Scene by Moonlight.

An Evening Scene.

Moonlight on a Dutch Canal.

Winter on a Dutch Canal?
(perhaps by Van der Poel).

An Evening Scene, the figures
by A. Cuyp.

A Moonlight Piece.

625



Van der Noer



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Van der Poorten



London. Nat. Gall. A Canal , figures by Lingelbaoh ?

,, „ A Frozen River.

Munich. A Moonlight Landscape.

Paris. Zouvre. Banks of a Dutch Canal, the

animals by Cuyp.
„ „ High Road through a Dutch

Village.
Petersburg. Hermitage. View on the Meuse.

„ „ The Meuse near Dordrecht.

„ „ The Rhine near Leyden.

„ „ A Winter Landscape.

„ J, The Meuse at Dordrecht;

Moonlight.
„ „ River with a Ferry, by Moon-

light (and three others).
Rotterdam. Museum. A Moonlight Piece.

VAN DER NEER, Bglon Hendeik, the_ son of
Aert van der Neer, was born at Amsterdam in 1643,
and received his first instruction from his father,
but his taste leading him to history and portiaits,
he was placed under the care of Jacob van Loo.
When he was twenty years of age he went to Paris,
where he passed four years, and painted small
portraits and domestic subjects, which were popular.
On his return to Holland he attempted some
historical and poetic pieces, Avhich have little to
recommend them but their elaborate finish. He
was more successful in genre, in which he appears
to have imitated Terboroh and Netscher. In
pictures of this class he carried fusion of touch
and finish about as far as they would go. Eglon
van der Neer lived for a time at Rotterdam, Amster-
dam, and Brussels, and was employed by the
Elector Palatine at Diisseldorf, where he died in
1703. He was appointed painter to the King of
Spain, on account of his portrait of the Princess
of Neuberg. His own portrait was engraved
by G. M. Preisler. He is supposed to have
been the instructor of Adriaan van der Werff.
Works :

Amsterdam. Tobias with the Angel. 1690.

Augsburg. A Rocky Landscape. 1702.

Dublin. Nat. Gall. Gentleman preparing for the

Chase.
Glasgow. Gallery. Venus and Adonis (very good).

„ „ Cavalier singing and playing

the Violin.
London. Bridgewater ) . t>„_
Galley. }ABoy.
Munich. The Lute-player.

Paris. Zouvre. The Fishmonger.

„ „ A Chariot with two horses in a

, Landscape.

Petersburg. Hermitage. Two Laudscapes.

„ „ A young Cavalier peeling an

Orange.
Rotterdam. Museum. Young Woman playing on the

Guitar (very good).
Vienna. .Academy. A Lady at Tahle.

VAN DER 0, Leon Heinrich, a German en-
graver, flourished about the year 1660. He exe-
cuted some of the portraits for Priorata's ' History
of the Emperor Leopold.'

VAN DER PERRE, Jan, (or Johann de Perre,)
painter, was the son of an obscure portrait painter,
NiKLAS VAN DEB, Pbhre, wlio had fled as a heretic,
from Antwerp to Leipsic, and afterwards died in
the latter city in 1695. Jan became painter to the
Electoral court, and has left portraits of Luther,
Melancthon, Frederick the Quarrelsome, and the
Elector Moritz. He died about 1618.

VAN DER PLAES, David, (or Plaas,) portrait

painter, was born at Amsterdam in 1647. After

studying for a time in his native country, it is said

that he travelled to Italy, and resided some years at

. Venice, where the works of Titian were the objects

626



of his particular attention. All this, however, Mr.
Bredius denies, and declares that the only break in
his activity at Amsterdam was during a short
sojourn in London. In Holland he was widely
employed in portraiture, and painted many of the
distinguished people of his time, among others Ad-
miral van Trorap. He was employed by Peter Martin
to superintend the plates for his Bible. He died at
Amsterdam in 1704. There is a portrait by him
in the National Portrait Gallery, supposed to re-
present Milton, which was engraved as such for
W. Stephenson of Norwich in 1797, and also for
the Boydells. The Amsterdam Museum possesses
two portraits by him.

VAN DER PLAS, Pietek, (or Van den Plas,)
was, according to Descamps, bom in Holland
about the year 1570. M. F6tis, however, in his
catalogue of the Brussels Museum, shows that he
was probably born in that city about 1595. He
resided many years at Brussels, where he won
some repute as a painter of history. In the 17th
century there was a Dutch sculptor named Pieter
van der Plass, whose portrait was painted by
Kneller and engraved by Sohenck. There was
also an engraver who signed himself P. van der
Plaas. Of these two men and the Brussels painter,
Nagler makes a single individual. M. Fitis has
discovered, however, that Van der Plas, the painter,
was inscribed on the Guild books at Brussels in
1610, as an apprentice, so that he was then pro-
bably about fifteen. He is there called a native of
Brussels and a pupil of Ferdinand de Berdt. He
was received into the mastership of the Guild in
1619, and an 'Enthroned Virgin' by him in the
Brussels Gallery is dated 1647. The date of his
death has not been discovered.

VAN DER POEL, Egbert, was probably a
native of Delft, where he was baptized March 9,
1621. He became a member of the Guild at Delft
about 1650. He is best known by his pictures
of conflagrations, but he also produced views of
villages, of rustic interiors, and genre subjects.
In the Museum at Amsterdam there is a picture
by him, representing the explosion of a powder
magazine at Delft in 1654, which was a favourite sub-
ject with him, as he repeated it many times ; several
of these repetitions are in England, others are in
the Rotterdam Museum and the Vienna Gallery.
Van der Poel generally signed his name in full, but
sometimes he only used the initials B. V. P. He
removed from Delft in 1654, and died at Rotterdam
in 1664. The following pictures by him may be
named :

Amsterdam. Museum. Interior of a Cottage. 1646.
Brussels. Museum. Interior of a Kitchen.

Copenhagen. Gallery. Borning of a Town.
Hague. Museum. Moonlight Scene.

London. JVat. Gallery Delft after the Explosion of

1654.
Paris. Zouvre. Peasants before their Door.

Petersburg. Hermitage. Three Klitchen pieces.
Stuttgart. Gallery. Attack of Robbers.

Vienna. Gallery. Peasant Family before a

Cottage.

VAN DER POORT, Aelbert Jakob, an obscure
Dutch painter of landscapes and portraits, was bom
in 1771. He was a pupil of Beekkerk, and died in
1807.

VAN DER POORTEN, Hbndrik Josef Fean-
ciscns, landscape painter and etcher, was born at
Antwerp in 1789, and was a pupil of Herreyns
and Mayn. He was in much repute about tlie
year 1815, and his landscapes with figures and



Van der Koer



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Van der Stock



animals, and especially those representing sunrise
and moonlight, were in great request. He etched
and lithographed thirty-eight landscapes. He was
a member of the Antwerp Academy. There are
pictures by him at Ghent and Brussels. He died
in 1874.

VAN DER ROER, Jakob, was bom at Dordrecht
in 1648. He studied portrait painting under Jan de
Baen, and practised for some time in England,
during the reign of Charles II. It is not known
how long he remained in this country, but he was
in the employment of Kneller towards the end of
the 17th century. He died at Dordrecht in 1699.

VAN DER SCHALKE, Cobnelis, a Dutch
painter of river scenery, and of landscapes with
cattle and figures, living in the 17th century, is
noticed by his contemporary, V. L. Van der Vinne.
He is said to figure as a sergeant in the picture by
Frans Hals in the Haarlem Museum, representing
the ' Officers of the Archers' Corps of St. George.'

VAN DER SCHELDE, Libven, a Flemish
painter of history and miniatures, who flourished
at Ghent about 1680. He was one of the artists
employed with Lucas de Heere in 1582 on the
decorations for the reception of the Due d'Alen-
qon, and also reproduced in miniature the decora-
tions for the Joyeuse Entree of Alessandro Farnese
into Ghent, 1684. These he presented to the
Municipality of Ghent, to which they still belong.

VAN DER SCHLEY, Jacob, a Dutch engraver,
was born at Amsterdam in 1715. He was a dis-
ciple of Bernard Picart, whose style' of engraving
he imitated ; he also finished several of the plates
left imperfect at the death of that master. He
died in 1779. We have a few portraits and book
ornaments by this artist ; among them the follow-
ing :

Jean Baptists Boyer, Marquis d'Argens ; after Van Tee,
Autoine Bernard Prfirot, Almoner to the Prluce of

Conti ; after the same.
Bernard Picart, Engraver ; after Mathias des Angles.

1734.
Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vioomte de Turenne ;

after the same.
The prints after Coypel for the edition of ' Don Quixote '

pablished at Amsteidam in 1746.

VAN DER SCHLICHTEN, Jan Philipp, (or
Von deb Schlichten,) a Dutch painter of the 18th
century, was a pupil of Adrlaen Van der Werfl',
whose style he imitated. He was employed by
the Elector Palatine Karl Philipp, and seems to
have settled at Mannheim (whence the Germanized
form of his name,) and to have died there in 1746.
In the Munich Pinakothek are the following by
him: 'A Village Musician' (1731), 'S. Andrew'
(1732). His son Johann Feiedbich, born at
Mannheim in 1725, travelled for instruction in
Italy, and studied under F. Torelli and under
Conca. He painted genre pictures in the manner
of Metsu and Netscher, and occasionally feigned
bas-reliefs, &c. He became director of the Mann-
heim Gallery, and died in that town in 1795.

VAN DER SCHUUR, Theodooe, was born at
the Hague in 1628. After receiving some instruc-
tion in his native country he went to Paris, where
he frequented the school of Sebastien Bourdon,
under whom he passed three years. He travelled
to Rome in 1651, and there studied chiefly after
Raphael and Giulio Romano. He had already
acquired some reputation when he was favoured
with the patronage of Christina, Queen of Sweden,
who employed him in several undertakings. After
a residence of fourteen years at Rome, Van der
s s 2



Sohuur returned to Holland, in 1665, was made a
member of the Academy at the Hague, and painted
' Justice, Temperance, and Fortitude,' on a ceiling
in the Town-hall. One of his best works is a large
group of portraits of Officers of trained bands,
painted in 1675, and now in the Shooting Gallery
at the Hague. He has also left some pictures of
Saints in the New Church there, and an allegory
in the hall of the States-General. He at one time
impoverished himself by speculation, but by appli-
cation to his art he finally retrieved his losses. He
died in 1705.

VAN DER SLUIJS, Jakob, was born at Ley-
den in 1660, and brought up in the Orphanage.
Evincing some taste for art, he was placed under
Ary de Vols, whom he left to become a disciple of
Peter van Slingelandt. He imitated the polished
style of the latter, but with a, less laborious finish,
and his small pictures of conversations, domestic
subjects, and fashionable assemblies met with con-
siderable success. They are chiefly confined to
Leyden, where he constantly resided, and where he
died in 1736. There are four pictures by him in
the Leyden Museum.

VAN DER SLUYSE, Charles, a Flemish painter
of little note, who was a. pupil of the Antwerp
Academy in 1773, and became Director in 1784.

VAN DER SPELT, Adbiaen, a flower painter,
was bom at Gouda, according to some authorities,
or at Leyden, according to others, about 1630.
He was a scholar of W. Crabeth, the younger, and
occasionally painted upon glass. He resided in
Germany for a considerable time, where his flower-
pieces were held in much esteem. He was for
some time at Berlin, and was patronized by the
Elector of Brandenburg. He returned to his native
country, and died at Gouda in 1673.

VAN DER SPRIETT, Jan, was a native of
Delft, and a scholar of Verkolje, and died in
London about the beginning of the 18th century.
He scraped a mezzotint portrait of Timothy Cruso,
Presbyter, after his own design.

VAN DER STAR. See Stella.

VAN DER STBEN, Feans, a Flemish painter
and engraver, was born at Antwerp in 1604. He
took to art in consequence of having lost a leg
through a fall, and made such progress that he
was employed and pensioned by the Archduke
Leopold. Little is known of his work as a painter,
but his plates for the collection known as ' Teniers's
Gallery,' are excellent Among fifty prints enumer-
ated by Nagler we may name the following :

Cornelis Cort, Engraver, of Antwerp.

Dirk Cuerenbert, Engraver, of Amsterdam.

Andrea del Vaulx, Professor of the University of

Louvain.
The Holy Family ; after Titian.
La Madonna del Sacco ; after Andrea del Sario,
Michelangelo's Dream ; after Michelangelo.
Soldiers playing at Cards ; after Manfredi.
•The Adoration of the Trinity ; after Albrecht Durer.
The Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand Saints ; from a

drawing by Van Iloye, after the picture by Albrecht

Diirer, now in the Vienna Gallery.
Silenus drunk, supported by Satyrs and Bacchante ; after

Van Dyck. {JRulens ?)
Oupid shaping his Bow ; after Farmigiano (ascribed to

Correygio in the lettering).
Jupiter and lo ; after Correggio.
Ganymede ; after the same.

VAN DER STOCK, Ignaz, a Dutch painter and
engraver, who flourished about the year 1670.
Judging from his original etchings, he was a land-
scape painter of some ability. Adriaen Boudewyns

627



Van der Straet



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Van der Venne



was his pupil. His plates are slight but spirited.
Some are from designs by Fouqui^res, others after
compositions of his own. Among them we may
cite :

View of Linkenbeek. A Swamp.

The Two Stags. Gentleman giving alms.

A Forest.

VAN DER STRAET, Jan, also called Johannes
Stradanus and Giovanni dblla Stbada, was born
at Bruges in 1623, or, according to another account,
in 1536. He was first instructed by his father,
an obscure artist of little merit. He afterwards
studied under Pieter Aartsen, until he found him-
self sufficiently advanced to undertalre a journey
to Italy. He worked at Rome under Salviati, and
in conjunction with that painter and Daniele da
Volterra, was employed in the Belvedere of the
Vatican. He was invited to Naples by Don John of
Austria, whom he accompanied back to the Nether-
lands. He afterwards returned to Italy, and Vasari
engaged him to visit Florence, where he was em-
ployed, conjointly with that painter, in several
considerable works for the ducal palace and other
buildings. The Annunziata has one of his best
woi-ks, a ' Crucifixion,' with the Virgin Mary, Mary
Magdalene, St. John, and a great number of other
figures. San Spirito has "The Expulsion of the
Money-changers from the Temple ; ' the chapel
of the Archiepisoopal Palace a 'Nativity' and
an • Adoration of the Shepherds ; ' Santa Croce, an
' Ascension ; ' and Santa Maria Nuova, a ' Baptism
of Christ by St. John.' In the chapel of the
Palazzo Pitti are two small altar-pieces by him,
a ' Nativity ' and an ' Adoration of the Magi.' In
much of his work an exaggerated imitation of
Michelangelo is evident. He was a member of the
Academy at Florence, and in that city he died in
1605, according to Baldinucoi. He produced a
number of pen-and-ink and indian-ink drawings,
and made many designs for tapestries. His works
have been engraved to the number of 388. In
1578 was published at Antwerp a volume entitled
' Stradani Venationes Perarum, Avium, Pisciura,'
&c., illustrated with ninety -four plates after Van
der Straet's designs. The Vienna Gallery has a
' Scourging of Christ ' and a ' Feast of the Gods,'
by him.

VAN DER STRAETEN, Hendkik, (or Van der
Streten,) a native of Holland, was born about the
year 1665. Without the help of a master he became
a successful landscape painter. About the year
1690 he visited England, where he met with great
encouragement, but spent his money as fast as he
made it. Walpole tells the following story of his
improvidence : " One day sitting down to paint,
he could do nothing to please himself. He made
a new attempt with no better success. Throwing
down his pencils, he stretched himself out to sleep,
when thrusting his hand inadvertently into his
pocket he found a shilling ; swearing an oath, he
said, ' It is always thus when I have any money.
Get thee gone,' continued he, throwing the shilling
out of the window, and returning to his work,
produced one of his best pictures." The better
pictures of Van der Straeten resemble those of
Euysdael and Hobbema in style. Towards the
latter part of his life, his expensive habits reduced
him to the necessity of despatch, and his last
pictures are the mere shadows of their prede-
cessors. He is probably identical with NiCOLAS
VAN DEB Steaeten, who is stated to have come to
London, and to have died there in 1722.

628



VAN DER STRATEN, JORIS, a Flemish por-
trait painter, resided in Portugal about the middle
of the 16th century. This appears by an order
from the queen to pay him 7600 reis for the
portrait of Dom Antonio, and his receipt for the
money, signed Joons Van dr Z Estraten, July 4,
1666. He received a further sum of 80 cruzades
for painting the portrait of Dom Sebastiaen, the
youngest son of the queen, on December 14, of
the same year.

VAN DER ULFT, Jakob, was born at Goreum
in 1627. It is not known under whom he studied,



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