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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Vienna. Gallery. The Ambuscade.

„ Count Arnim. Scenes from the Thirty Years'

„ Laboratory. Morning and Night.

LITTEEINI, Agostino, (or Letterini,) was
born at Venice in 1642. He was a pupil of Pietro
della Vecchia. At Vicenza, in the church of San
Geronimo, are two pictures by this artist of 'St.
Joseph' and ' St. John of the Cross.' He was living
in 1727. His daughter, Catahina Litteeini, born
in 1675, was also an artist.

LITTERINI, Baetolommeo, (or Letterini,) was
born at Venice in 1669, and was instructed by his
father, Agostino Litterini. He was a happy imitator
of Titian, and represented Madonnas with exquisite
sweetness. There are works by him in San Pater-
niano at Venice, and in the churcli at Partenkirchen
is an ' Ascension of the Virgin,' dated 1731.

LITTEET de MONTIGNY, Cl.wde Antoine, a
French engraver, was born in Paris in 1735, and
studied under Cars. This artist visited England
about the year 1768, but not meeting with much
encouragement, he returned to France, and died at
Rouen in 1775. He engraved several portraits
and other subjects, among which are :

Madame de Pompadour ; after Schennu.
Mademoiselle Clairon, the actress ; after the same.
Jean Jacques Rousseau ; after X>e La Tour.
Pierre Laurent de Belloy ; after his own designs.
M. de Sartine, Lieutenant-General of Police ; after

Antoine de Malvin, Archbishop of Lyons ; after Van

Charles Simon Favart ; after Liotard.


Venus sleeping; after St. Quentin.

Diana reposing ; c^ter the same.

l-ove conducted by Fidelity ; after Schenau.

Love distributing his Gifts ; after the same.

Two Views of the Ehine ; after Weir.otter.

The Concert of the Grand Sultan ; after C. van Loo.

LIUTHARD, (or Lithuaed,) a famous minia-
ture painter, flourished in the time of Charles the
Bald, by whose orders in 870 he illustrated with
miniatures the Codex Aureus, which he wrote witli
his brother Berengarius. It was tiansferred in
888 from the Abbey of St. Denis, near I'aris, to St.
Emmeran at Ratisbon, from whence it was removed
in 975, and is now in the Eoyal Library at Munich.
There is also by him a prayer-book of 862-869 in
the Louvre at Paris.

LIVENSZ, Jan, (Libvens, or Lyvens,) a Dutch
painter and engraver, was born at Leyden in
1607. He was instructed in the first rudiments of
design by Joris Verschooten, and at ten years
of age was placed under Pieter Lastman, with
whom he did not continue longer than two years,
and it does not appear that he had any further
instruction. When he was only twelve years old
he copied the pictures of ' Democritus ' and ' Ilera-
clitus,' by Cornelis van Haarlem, with an exactness





which made it difficult to distinguish them from
the originals. Before he was eighteen, he liad
established his reputation as a portrait painter, and
his picture of ' Students reading at a Peat Fire '
opened the way to him in 1630 to visit England,
wliere he was favourably received, and painted the
portraits of Charles I. and his queen, with several
of the nobility. On leaving England, he established
himself at Antwerp, and painted several altar-pieces
for the churches of the Low Countries. In 1635
he entered the Grnild of St. Luke, and in 1661 the
' Piotura ' Society at the Hague, whence after a
time he returned to Antwerp, where he was still
living in 1672. He died about that date. The
following are among his best paintings :

Amsterrlam. Museum. Portrait of Joost van den Von-

del, the Poet.

Berlin. Gallery. Portrait of a Boy.

Brunswick. Gallery. The Sacrifice of Abraham.

Leyden. T(yw)i Hall Scipio Africauus.

Munich. Gallery. Two Portraits of Old Men.

Paris. Louvre. The Visitation.

Rotterdam. Museum. St. Peter.

Other portraits by him are at Cassel, Copenhagen,
Dresden, Stuttgart, and Vienna.

Jan Livensz distinguished himself not less as
an engraver than as a painter. His plates are partly
etched, and finished with the graver in a mariner
resembling that of Rembrandt. His prints amount
to about sixty, and are usually signed with his
name, but sometimes with the initials J. L. The
following are his most esteemed prints :

Ephraim Bonus, seated in a chair.
Joost van den Vondel, the Dutch poet.
Daniel Heinsius, Professor of History at Leyden.
Jacobus Gouters, musician.

The Bust of an old Man, bald, with a long beard.
Bust of a Man with a furred cap ; after Rembrandt.
Several Busts and Studies of Heads, &c.


The Holy Family, with figures kneeling.

The Virgin presenting a Pear to the Infant Jesus.

The Raising of Lazarus ; a grand composition.

St. John the Evangelist.

St. Jerome in a Cell, holding a Crucifix.

St. Francis holding a Skull.

St. Anthony ; one of his early plates.

Mercury and Argus.

An Oriental Figure, with a furred cloak and cap.

Another Oriental Figure, with a gold chain.

The half-length of a Man, with long hair over his

shoulders ; a woodcut.
A Landscape, with three trees ; a woodcut.

LIVERSEEG-E, Henry, a painter of genre sub-
jects, was born at Manchester in 1803. From his
birth he was weak, and deformed in his person,
and being neglected by his father, he owed his
edncation to an uncle, who watched over him with
great care and tenderness. It is not said by whom
he was instructed in art, but his first attempts were
in portraiture. His touchy sensibility, however, is
said to have prevented success in that line. Being
enamoured of the works of Shakespeare and Sir
Walter Scott, he turned from the real to embody
the ideal characters in the writings of those
authors, and produced a series of pictures of the
dramatic kind, which brought him both money
and reputation. Among these personifications of
imaginary characters were Adam Woodcock, from
Scott's romance of ' The Abbot,' in which he hap-
pily depicted the ridiculous part in that good-
humoured worthy ; ' Isabella and the Recluse,'
from 'The Black Dwarf: and 'Edie Ochiltree


and Sir Arthur Wardour,' from ' The Aniiquary.'
To these followed 'The Inquiry,' a scene of quiet
humour, representing a country lad inquiring his
way from a burly-looking porter at the door of
a mansion. 'The Cobbler ' is of the same stamp ;
he is reading Cobbett's Register, and spelling his
way with a look of pondering sagacity. ' I'ercie
Shafton and Mysie Happer' is another of liia^
happy delineations. In 1827 he came up. to
London, and in the following year exhibited at the
Koyal Academy, ' Wildrake presenting Colonel
Everard's Challenge to Charles II.' After this he
used to spend three or four montlis occasionally in
this city, studying at the British Museum and the
British Institution, and continuing to exhibit both
here and at Manchester. The weakness of his
frame sank under the activity of his imagination ;
his life was a continued disease, and it was scarcely
a surprise to his friends when he expired suddenly
at Manchester in the year 1832. As an artist his
power lay in delineation of character ; and he has
left it doubtful whether he was most successful
in the serious or the humorous. He is excellent
in both. His works were published in mezzotint,
under the title ' Recollections of Liverseege/ in

LIVESAY, RiCHAED, a portrait painter and en-
graver, was bom about the middle of the 18th cen-
tury, and about 1781 lodged with Hogarth's widow
in Leicester Fields. He was a pupil and assistant
of Benjamin West. Settling at Windsor, he was
patronized by George III., to whose family he
taught drawing. Afterwards he removed to Port-
sea, on being appointed drawing-master to the
Royal Naval College. Some of Hogarth's and of
his own works were engraved by him. He died at
Southsea in 1823. There are by him :

Portrait of James, first Earl of Charlemont. {National

Portrait Gallery^
Review of Troops by George III. (JIa' field Housed

LIVIN, Menus, a Florentine painter of Dutch
origin, was born at Amsterdam in 1630. He went
to Milan and then to Rome, where he met with a
gentleman who took him to "Vienna. There he
found a powerful pation in Prince Matthias of
Tuscany, who placed him with Pietro da Cortona
at Florence. From thence he ran away and joined
the players of the Duke of Savoy, but after three
years he returned to painting, and meeting again
with Prince Matthias, he joined Stefano della
Bella. His chief works were a picture of the
' Sacrifice of Abraham,' and the decoration of tlie
cupola of the church of La Pace at Florenc ■.
He was also an engraver. He died at Florence in

LIVIUS, Cruyl. See Levyn.

LIVIZZANI, Giovanni Battista, was an Italian
painter and poet, who lived in the first part of the
17th century. Some of his pictures have been en-
graved, but he gained more distinction with the
pen than with the brush.

LIZARS, William Home, a Scottish subject
painter and engraver, was born at Edinburgh in
1788. He received instruction from his father,
an engraver, and also in the Trustees' Academy.
His reputation was made by his ' Scotch Wedding'
and ' Reading the Will,' exhibited at the Royal
Academy in 1812, and which are now in the
National Gallery of Scotland. The death of his
father, however, compelled him to devote the re-
mainder of his life to the engraving and printing
business. He died at Edinburgh in 1869.




LLAMAS, FuANCisco, was a Spanish painter
who lived at Madrid in 1700. He was a pupil of
Giordano, whose style he adopted. On the ceilings
of the halls which separated the two cloisters of
the College of Monks in the Escorial, he repre-
sented 'The Trinity,' 'The Creation,' 'The chief
Doctors of the Church,' 'The chief Philosophers,'
'The Sciences,' 'The Virtues,' 'The Elements,'
and several other subjects. He also decorated
the Cathedral of Avila, and the Hermitage of
our Lady of Prado, near Talavera de la Reyna.

LLANOS Y VALDIS, Sebastian de, a painter of
Seville, was born at Granada about 1602. He was
a pupil of Herrera the elder, and worked chiefly
for private and lay patrons. In 1660 he actively
supported Murillo in founding the Academy of
Painting at Seville, afterwards making frequent
donations of oil and other materials for the use of
the students. He was thrice chosen president of
the Academy, in 1066 and the two following years.
It is probable that he died about 1668. Cean
Berniudez mentions only two of his works, a
' Virgin of the Rosary, adored by Angels and
Neophytes,' in the College of St. Thomas at
Seville, and a ' Magdalene ' in the Recollet Convent
at Madrid. Llanos is chiefly remarkable for hav-
ing remained under the despotic Herrera longer
than any other of his scholars, and for having been
wounded in a duel by Alonso Cano.

LLANTA, Jacques FRANgois Gaudebiqub, a
French lithographer, was born at Perpignan in
1807, and died in 1866. He was a pupil of Gros,
and occasionally painted in oil. Among his litho-
graphs is a portrait of the Duke of Orleans, Regent
of France, after Santerre.

LLERA ZAMBRANO, Alonso de, a native of
Cadiz, flourished iti that city as a painter of banners
for the royal navy, and executed, in 1639, altar-
pieces for the oratories of four galleons despatched
in that year to New Spain.

LLORENS, Cristobal, was a painter of good
repute, who lived in Valencia about 1597. He
painted the histories of St. Mary Magdalene and
St. Sebastian, which long adorned their altars in
the conventual church of San Miguel de las Reyes.
It is uncertain whether these or any of his works

LLORENTE, Bernardo German. See German

LLOYD, Mary. See Moser.

LOARTE, Alexandro, was a painter of Toledo,
and disciple of El Greco. Cean Bermudez praises
his works for their correct drawing and a Venetian
cast of colour, mentioning a large composition of
the ' Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes,' painted in
1622 for the Mission Friars of Toledo ; a liunting-
piece of the next year ; and a picture of ' Hens
and Chickens,' painted in 1626.

LOAYSA Y GIRON, Juan de, was a Spanish
painter and archsologist, who lived at Seville in
1669. He painted with taste, and was canon of
the cathedral, and one of the founders of the
Academy of Seville.

LOBIN, JunEN Li^oroLD, a French histoi-ioal
painter, was born at Loches in 1814. He studied
under Steuben and Hippolyte Plandrin, and became
director of the manufactory of stained glass at
Tours, whtre he died in 1864.

LOCA, BaTtista, according to Dominici, was a
Neapolitan painter, who flourished about the year
1540. He was first a scholar of Giovanni Antonio
dAmato the elder, but afterwards studied the

F 2

works of Andrea da Salerno, and became a histori-
cal painter of some reputation. In the church of 11
Spirito Santo, at Naples, is a picture by this master,
representing the ' Conversion of St. Paul,' painted
in 1543.

LOCATELLI, Andrea, (or Luca'jelli,) was born
at Rome in 1660, and studied under Paolo Ancsi.
He painted landscapes, architectural pieces, and
some historical subjects, and had also an especial
talent in representing ' barabocciate.' There is by
him at Paris, in- the Louvre, a ' Landscape, with
Shepherds ' ; other works are at Augsburg, Cassel,
and Stockholm. Joseph Vernet was instructed by
him. He died in 1741.

LOCATELLI, Antonio, an Italian engraver, born
at Alvisopoli, near Venice, about 1800, was a pupil
of RafEaello Morghen and Longhi at the Academy
of Milan. Among his plates are :

Mater Dolorosa ; after Palagi. 1819.

Daniel in the Den of Lious ; after Subens. 1833.

Portrait of Giuseppe Parini ; after AlhertoUi.

Portrait of Carlo Goldoni.

LOCATELLI, Giaoomo, (or Lucatelli,) an
Italian painter, was born at Verona in 1580. He
studied at Bologna under Guido and Albaiii.
Among his works are two pictures in the church
of San Fermo Maggiore at Verona. He died in

LOCATELLI, Maria Cattarina, (or Lucatelli,)
a native of Bologna, was a pupil of Pasinelli. She
painted historical pictures, and in the church of
the Madonna di S. Columbano is a picture of ' St.
Anthony and St. Theresa.' She died in 1723.

LOCATELLI, Pietro, (or Lucatelli,) an Italian
painter, was born near Rome about 1630. He was
a pupil of Ciro Ferri, or Pietro da Cortona, and his
pictures in the church of Sant' Agostino and the
Colonna Palace show boldness and freedom of
colouring. At Siena are a ' Beato Galgano ' at the
church of San Francesco, and an 'Assumption' at
the hospital of Santa Maria della Soala. He was
living in 1690, and died at Rome in the depth of
poverty and wretchedness.

LOCHE, Btienne, a French painter and litho-
grapher, was born at Nimes in 1786. He was a
pupil of David and of Baron Gros, and he litho
griiphed several drawings by Girodet.

LOCHEM, B. van, was a Dutch engraver, who
flourished at Amsterdam from about 1605 to 1635..
There are a considerable number of his plates,
which are partly in the style of Virgil Solis, and
partly in that of Wierix, as ' Christ on the Cross.'
There is a set of plates of ornaments for gold-
smiths, after Tangen, engraved by him conjointly
with Hendrik Janssens. He also engraved a set of
small plates of hunting scenes, which^ from their
shape, appear to have been intended for fans.

LOCHER, N., a painter and engraver, was
bom at Freiburg in Switzerland in 1770. He
painted pictures in the style of Teniers.

LOCHNEB, Stephan, (or Loethbnbr,) called
Meister S'ibphan, a painter of the school of
Cologne, was born at Constance in the early
years of the 15th century. In 1442 he was
living at Cologne ; and in 1448 he represented
the Guild of St. Luke in that city as a member of
the Senate. Again in 1451 he occupied the same
post of honour, but died poor and neglected in the
same year. His most famous picture is the ' Dom-
Bild,' or altar-piece, in the choir of the cathedral
at Cologne, painted soon after 1426. It is a tiip-
tych, containing on the outside an 'Annunciation,'





and within an 'Adoration of the Magi'; on one
wing are ' St. Gereon and his Knights,' on the other
' St. Ursula and her Virgins.' The figures are all
painted on a gold background, and the green fore-
ground with its many flowers seems to anticipate
the rich colours of the oil-painters of Flanders. It
was originally done for the chapel of the Town
Hall, and is attributed to his latest and maturest
period. Another great work of this master is ' The
Madonna of the Rose-Arbour,' in the Cologne
Museum, attributed to his earliest period. Amongst
his principal works are :

Berlin. Gallery. Adoration of the Cross.

„ „ Adoration of the Magi.

J, „ St. Ambrose and others.

„ „ St. Mark and others,

" "^"^pS^T^ } ^'"^Sin and Child.
Darmstadt. Gallery. Presentation in the Temple. 1447.
Frankfort. iStadel Inst. Two series of small works relating
to the Martyrdom of the
Apostles. (Doubtful.)
London, iVat. Gallery. Three Saints (Matthew, Catharine
of Alexandria, and John the
Munich. Gallery. Figures of Saints.

„ „ The Annunciation,

„ „ The "Visitation.

„ „ The Nativity.

„ „ Adoration of the Magi.

LOCHOM, Hans van, a Flemish engraver, pro-
bably the father of Michiel van Lochom, was born
at Antwerp about 1650. He engraved in the style
of Van den Broeck, and among his plates are ' The
Last Supper,' after that master, and ' The Repent-
ance of Peter,' after M. De Vos.

LOCHOM, Michiel van, was a Dutch engraver,
who resided in Paris about the year 1635. Accord-
ing to Basan, he engraved several plates for Crispyn
van de Passe, whose style he attempted to imitate,
but with little success. He appears to have been
chiefly employed by the booksellers, and worked
entirely with the graver. One of his best prints is
a frontispiece to the 'Life of Louis XIII.,' with a
portrait of that monarch on horseback, with- several
small figures. He engraved several portraits for
the works of Hippocrates, published at Paris in
1639 ; and others after Ferdinand EUe. He also
engraved the plates for Girard's ' Peintures sacrees
de la Bible,' published in folio at Paris in 1656.

LOCHON, EbniS, a French line engraver, was born
at Boissy about the year 1632. He resided in Paris,
where he engraved some historical subjects and
several portraits, in which he seems to have imi-
tated the style of Nanteuil. He died in Paris
about 1675. Among other plates, the following
are by him :


Charles de Bourbon, Bishop of Soissons. 1657.

Bustache de Lesseville, Bishop of Coutances. 1661.

F61ix Vialart, Bishop of Chlllons.

Balthasar Ph6Iypeaux de La Vrilliere. 1667.

JSrome Bignon.

Louis de Marillao, Doctor of the Sorbonne.

Hardouiu de P^r^fixe, Archbishop of Paris; after

Philippe de Champaicjne.
Antoine Arnauld, Priest of the Oratory ; after the same.

Christ bearing the Cross ; after Carracci,
The Virgin and Infant, with St. John ; after JV. Coypel.
LOCK, William, an amateur painter, was born
aljout 1767 at Norbury Park, Surrey. His father

was distinguished as a collector, and an associate of
artists, and he himself painted several allegorical
subjects, of which the best known is the ' Death of
Wolsey,' which has been engraved. Fuseli dedi-
cated to him his ' Lectures on Painting.'

LOCKE, William, was an English portrait
painter, who lived in London about 1750.

LOCKEY, Nicholas, was an English portrait
painter, who practised at the end of the 16th and
beginning of the 17th centuries. He painted a
portrait of John King, Bishop of London.

LOCKEY, Rowland, was an English portrait
painter, who practised in the latter half of the 16th
century, and was a pupil of Hilliard. He is reputed
to have painted a picture containing portraits of Sir
Thomas More, his son and his wife, and all their
lineal heirs.

LOCKLBY, David, was an English engraver,
who flourished about the year 1719. Among other
prints, he engraved «, large plate representmg a
view of the New Church in the Strand ; and his
name is affixed to a portrait of Michael Malard.

LODE, Gdstav de, was a painter and engraver,
who flourished at Viborg from 1730 to 1737. He
painted historical pieces and portraits.

LODE, Odoabd Helmont db, was a Danish
engraver, who lived at Copenhagen in the middle
of the 18th century. He died in 1757. Among his
engravings are :

Portrait of Christian IV. of Denmark; after G. van

Portrait of Frederick III. ; after the same.

Portrait of Count Moltke ; after G. G. Pilo.

Nikola] Brorson ; after Erichsen.

L5DEL, Heinrich, who was born at Hameln in
1798, was first a bookbinder, but afterwards an en-
graver both on wood and metal. He established
himself at Gottingen in 1819, and died there in
1861. He executed several beautiful wood-cuts
and engravings, among which are :

A Scene in a Public-house ; after Jan Steen ; an en-

Christmas Eve ; after H. Sess ; a woodcut.

Extreme Unction ; after Seitz ; a woodcut.

The Nymphs of the Danube; afUr J. Schnorr ; a

The Initials of Liitzelburger, with the Dance of Death
and the Alphabetum Mortis, 1849 ; woodcuts.

The Facsimiles of the woodcuts of Hans Wecbtlin.

LODEB, Astolf, was a German painter, born
at Frankfort in 1721, who, according to Basan,
etched several plates after his own compositions.
He was living about 1760.

LODER, Matthaus, an Austrian painter, was
born at Vienna in 1781, and studied at the
Academy of that city under Maurer, Braun,
Lampi, and Fuger. He first drew flowers and
architecture, and afterwards painted history, land-
scapes, and portraits. He became drawing-
master to the Archduchess Maria Louisa at
Parma, was received a member of that Academy
in 1816, and subsequently appointed painter to
the Archduke Johann. His best work is the
painting of the Crucifix on the Erzberg. He
died at Brandhofe in Styria, in 1828.

LODGE, John, was an engraver, who practised
in the latter part of the 18th century. He died
in 1796.

LODGE, William, the son of a wealthy mer-
chant, who left him a handsome patrimony, was
born at Leeds in 1649. From school he was sent to
Jesus College, Cambridge, and he was afterwards




a student of law at Lincoln's Inn ; but being dis-
posed to more pleasurable studies, lie attended Lord
Fauconberg in his embassy to Venice, where meet-
ing with Giacomo Barri's ' Viaggio Pittoresco,' in
which the principal pictures in Italy are particular-
ized, with an account of the celebrated collection of
the Canone Settala at Milan, he translated it into
English, and published it in 1679, with heads of
the most eminent painters, and a map of Italy,
etched by himself. During his travels he drew
various views, which he afterwards etched. On
his return to England, he assisted Dr. Lister in
drawing rare shells and fossils, which were trans-
mitted to the Royal Society, and are inserted in
their 'Transactions.' He died at Leeds in 1689.
Besides those above mentioned, Lodge's works
include :
The Pont du Gard,iu Languedoc ; with cipher ^^^Jf,

View of Gaeta, with the Mole and Plancus's Tomb.

Pozzuoli, Oaracalla's Mole, Baise, &c.

Biiins of the Amphitheatre and Aqueduct at Mintur-

Promontory of Circe, Temple of the San, &c.

Lambeth Palace, from the Thames.

■Westminster Hall and the Abbey.

The Monument.

SheriSE Hutton Castle.

Clifford's Tower.

View of York.

Leeds, with Views of Kirkstall and Fountains Abbeys.

Portrait of Oliver Cromwell, and his Page.

Portrait of Samuel Malines ; aft&r Claret,

LODI, Albertino de, was a painter of the
Milanese school, who lived about 1640. He worked
at the court of Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan.

LODI, Callisto da. See Piazza,

LODI, Ermbnegildo, an Italian painter, was a
native of Cremona, who flourished about 1616. He
was a pupil of Giovanni Battista Trotti, whose style
he followed. He had a brother, Manfkedi Lodi,
who was also a painter.

LODI, Giovanni da. See Della Chiese.

LOEMANS, Arnold, was a Flemish engraver
and printseller, who resided at Antwerp about the
year 1690, He engraved a few plates after the
Flemish masters, and some portraits, among which
is that of Jacques Callot.

LOEMBBRG, Lorenz, was a native of Sweden,
who painted historical pictures and decorations.
He went at the end of the last century to Ham-
burg, where he resided for several years, but he
eventually returned to his own country, and died
about 1810.

LOESCHER, Andreas, a portrait painter, was
born at Scharfenstein in Saxony in 1693. He
worked for some time at Rome and Venice, but
afterwards settled at Augsburg, where he died in

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 18 of 201)