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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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1706. He studied painting at Venice under Jaoopo
Amigoni, who persuaded him to turn his thoughts
to engraving, in which he had Spath for his master.
He accompanied Amigoni to Rome and Bologna,
and in 1733 to England. He afterwards went to
Paris, to study engraving under Laurent Cars. He
then made a second stay in England, where his
first productions were portraits of the three prin-
cesses, Anne, Amelia, and Caroline, the daughters
of George II. He engraved several other plates
in this country, but returned to Venice, where he
opened a school and also carried on a considerable
business as a printseller. He died at Munich in
1780. His prints are very numerous, and among
his scholars were Bartolozzi, Flipart, and Berardi.
The following are perhaps his best prints :
Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia, conducted by

Minerva ; after Amigoni.
Anne, Empress of Russia. Do.
Elizabeth Petrowna, Empress of Russia. Do.
Carlo Brosci, called Farinelli, Musician. Do,
The Education of the Virgin. Do.
The Infant Christ sleeping. Do.
The Holy Family ; after Paolo Veronese.
The Meeting of Jacob and Rachel ; after Luca Gioriami.
Rebekah and Bliezer ; after the same.
The Death of Abel ; after Benedetto Luti.
The Magdalen in the House of Simon ; after the same.
The Virgin and Infant Christ ; aftei' Solimena.
The Assumption of the Virgin ; after Piazzetta.
S. John in the Desert ; after C. van Loo.
Twelve Landscapes and Pastoral subjects ; after Zue-
carelli ; engraved by Wagner and his pupils.

WAGNER, Karl, painter and etcher, was born
at Rossdorf near Meiningen in 1796. From 1817
to 1820 he studied at Dresden ; from 1821 to 1826
he travelled in Switzerland, the Tyrol, and Italy.
On his return he was appointed painter to the
court and inspector of the Gallery, at Meiningen,
and took to painting landscapes in oil and water-
colour, and to etching. He died at Meiningen
in 1867.

WAGNER, LUDWIG Christian, painter and
etcher, was born at Wetzlar in 1799, and at first
brought up to trade. In 1830 he devoted himself,
under Radl, to landscape painting, travelled the



Wagner



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Waldo



following year in Italy, and in 1835 settled down
to further study at Diisseldorf, choosing Ruysdael
as his chief model. He died at Wetzlar in 1839,
He excelled in painting forest trees, especially
the oak. He has left thirteen etched plates.

WAGNER, Maria Dorothea, sister of C. W. E.
Dietrich, and mother of Johann Qeorg Wagner,
was horn about 1728, and died at Meissen in 1788.
She painted landscapes and historical subjects in
oil and gouache.

WAGNER, Otto, painter, etcher, and litho-
grapher, was born at Torgau in 1803. He studied
in the Dresden Academy, and under the scene
painter Jentsch, and afterwards travelled in South
Germany, Switzerland, and (1830) Italy. He
painted landscapes, with groups of figures. He
etched and lithographed a few plates, and painted
some scenes for the Dresden court theatre. He
died at Dresden in 1861.

WAGNER, Simon, was born at Stralsund in
1799. He studied at Dresden, where he con-
tinued to live till his early death in 1829. He at
first painted scenes from the lives of soldiers,
hunters, and peasants, and was very successful to
a certain point, but want and sickness marred the
full perfection of his work. Shortly before his
death he produced ' Seven Scenes from the Life of
Albrecht Diirer,' which excited warm admiration.

WAGNER-DBINES, Johann, was born at Hanau
in 1803, studied in Berlin and Munich, and devoted
himself to animal and landscape painting, taking
the works of Paul Potter and Adrian van de Velde
for his models. He died in 1880.

WAHLBOM, Johann Wilhelm Carl, a Swedish
painter and draughtsman, born at Calmar in 1810.
He began his career as a sculptor, and had achieved
some success, when he abandoned his first pro-
fession for painting. Taking Winterhalter for his
model, he produced a number of somewhat thea-
trical and exaggerated works, both in history and
portraiture. He was more pleasing as a draughts-
man, his most important achievement being a series
of drawings from Swedish history. His ' Death of
Gustavus Adolphus ' is now in the Castle at Stock-
holm. He died in London in 1858.

WAINWRI6HT, Thomas Griffith, an English
subject painter, was born towards the close of the
18th century. He exhibited at the Royal Academy
from 1821 to 1825, and wrote some art criticisms
for the ' London Magazine ' under the name of
Janus Weathercock. His misdeeds procured him
an unenviable notoriety. He married secretly, and
subsequently insured the life of his wife's sister.
She died suddenly, and the suspicion of having
poisoned her falling upon him, the insurance
company resisted his claim. He was afterwards
transported for forgery, and died at Hobart Town
in 1852.

WAIT, Robert, a Scotch portrait painter, born
in the latter part of the 17th century. His art
training was obtained from George Scougall and
from Kneller. He had a good practice till he died,
in 1732.

WAKKERDAK, P. A., is noted by Strutt as
the name affixed, to a portrait of Kenou Simons
Hassalaer. The same artist engraved in mezzotint
a landscape after Jan Asselyn, showing a cavern
with ruins near it, and peasants at the entrance.
WALBONNE. See Barbibr-Walbonne.

WALBURG, , is mentioned by Strutt as the

engi-aver of a portrait of John Frederick Gronovius,
from a design of his own.
VOL. II. Y T



WALCH, Georg, a German engraver, who flour-
ished in the second half of the 17th century (1650-
78). He appears to have been chiefly employed in
engraving portraits in line, but he also worked in
mezzotint.

WALCH, Jacob. See Barbarj, Jacopo de'.

WALCH, Johann, painter, born about 1757,
was a native of Kempten. He eventually settled
at Augsburg after studying at -Geneva, Vienna,
and Rome. He painted miniature portraits in
water-colour, and also carried on a business in
maps. A miniature of the Archduke Anton by
him is in the Fischer Collection at Vienna. He
died in 1816.

WALCH, Johann Sebastian, son of Johann
Walch, was born at Augsburg (?) in 1787. He
painted portraits in oil and miniatures, but after-
wards took to glass-painting, and restored the
windows in Augsburg cathedral. He died in 1840.

WALCH, Sebastian, an amateur engraver, who
lived about 1750. He was a native of Switzerland,
and scraped a series of portraits of the burgo-
masters of Zurich from 1336 to 1740, from drawings
by J. C. Fussli.

WALDECK, Johann Friedrioh Maximilian,
was born at Vienna in 1766, and studied in
Paris under Vien, David, and Pmd'hon. In 1785
he took part in a voyage of discovery to South
Africa, and in 1794 entered the French army in
Italy as a volunteer. Subsequently he went a
second time to South Africa, and in 1819 to Chili
and Guatemala. Three years later he was in
London, where he designed the illustrations to
Del Roo's work on ' The Ruins of Palenque.' In
1866, when a hundred years of age, he painted
two pictures, dealing, the one with Grecian and
Roman antiquities, the other with Mexican. He
died in Paris in his one hundred and tenth year,
in 1875.

WALDMtJLLER, Ferdinand Georg, painter,
was born in Vienna in 1793. His parents wished
him to enter the Church, and disinherited him when
he persisted in following his natural disposition.
He studied under Lampi and Maurer, at the
Academy, and earned a living at the same time by
making drawings for bonbon boxes. When he
had only half-completed his education, he obtained
a place as drawing-master to Count Gyulai, in
Agram. He married an actress there, and travelled
with her in the provinces until she obtained an
engagement at Vienna. He first practised as a
portrait painter, imitating the style of Lawrence,
but afterwards devoted himself to genre. At
Vienna he obtained the post of curator to the
Lamberg Gallery, in the Academy. He died at
Vienna in 1865. Works :

A Village School. {Berlin, National Gallery.)
The Convent Supper. ( Vienna Academy)



The Tramp Family.
The Peasant's Return.
The Dog and the Grapes.



Christmas Morning.
Sunday Afternoon.
' Christmas-Box-ing.'



WALDO, Samuel, a native of Connecticut,
U.S.A., was born in 1783, and after some pre-
liminary study in America, came to London in
1806, and practised for three years as a portrait
painter. Returning to America, he then settled in
New York, where he worked successfully until his
death in 1861. In the City Hall at New York there
are several portraits of ex-mayors of the city by
him, and the New York Historical Society owns
his picture of Peter Remsen.

" 689



"Waldor



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Walker



WALDOB. See Valdoe.

WALDORF, Antoinb, was born at Huis-ten-
Bosoh, near the Hague, in 1803, and worked as
a scene-painter under Brickenhgimer. Later on
he painted views of towns, harbours, churches,
and so forth, with domestic scenes and portraits.
Later still he devoted himself exclusively to the
painting of calm and stormy seas. He died at
Amsterdam, October 12, 1866. Among his paint-
ings we may mention :

Amsterdam. B. Museum. Still Water with Shipping.
Eotterdam. Museum. The Escape of Grotius

from Loevestein.

WALDEE, Vincent, an Italian decorative
painter, was born at Vicenza early in the 18th
century. Coming to England, he was patronized
by the Marquis of Buckingham, for whom he
worked at Stowe. On his patron becoming Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland (1787), he had a commission
to decorate St. Patrick's Hall, Dublin, and was
made architect to the Irish Board of Works. He
settled and married in Ireland, and died at Dublin
towards the end of the century, aged 72.

WALE, Samuel, was born in London, (or at
Yarmouth, ) and was brought up as an engraver on
plate. He afterwards studied in the St. Martin's
Lane Academy, and practised decorative painting
in the manner of Francis Hayman. But his chief
employment was designing for the booksellers.
He understood architecture and perspective, and
assisted Gwynn in his well-known drawing of a
section of St. Paul's, decorated according to Sir C.
Wren's intention. He also made drawings for
an edition of Izaac Walton's 'Angler,' and for
'London and its Environs.' At the establishment
of the Royal Academy, Wale was chosen a found-
ation member, and appointed first professor of per-
spective. Upon the death of Wilson, he was also
made librarian, and he retained both these places
till his death, which took place in London in 1786.
He had been an exhibitor from 1769 to 1778, and
was the first member to share in the benefits of the
Academy pension fund. It has been suggested
that he was the author of a well-known view of the
Stocks Market, which now belongs to Mr. Graves.
We have a few original etched vignettes by him.
There are pictures by him in Bethlehem, Christ' s,
the Foundling, and St. Thomas's hospitals.

WALES, James, was born at Peterhead, Aber-
deenshire, in 1748, of respectable parents. He
showed his genius for drawing at an early age,
and was educated at the Marischal College of
Aberdeen. He exhibited portraits at the Royal
Academy in 1778 and the following years. In 1791
he went to India, where he painted many ex-
cellent portraits. He began the picture of the
Mahratta Durbar, which was afterwards completed
and engraved by Thomas Daniell, E.A. He made
twenty-four drawings from the Caves of Ellora,
which, with the plans, were engraved and published
after his death by Thomas Daniell, in his work on
Hindoo Excavations (1803). Wales died at Sal-
seth on the Malabar coast in 1796. He left some
portraits of Indian princes and their ministers,
which passed into the possession of Sir Alexander
Malet, of Wilbury House, in Wiltshire.

WALESCART, Jan. See Valescart.

WALKER, Anthony, an English draughtsman
and engraver, was born, probably at Salisbury, in
1726. He studied engraving in London under
John Tinney, and at the St. Martin's Lane
Academy. He was long employed in engraving



frontispieces and vignettes, from his own designs,
for the booksellers. Some of these are not desti-
tute of merit, though rather heavy and dark. The
figures in WooUett's 'Niobe' wereby him, also five
original illustrations to 'Romeo and Juliet.' He
engraved several plates for Boydell, among them
the following :

Ourius Dentatus refusing the presents of the Samnites ;
after Pietro da Cortona.

The Village Lawyer and his Clients ; after Holbein.

The Angel departing from the House of Tobit ; after
Bemhrandt (exhibited at Spring Gardens, 1765).

View of the City of Woroester ; after J. B. C. Chatelain.

View of Lord Harrington's Park ; aftar the same.

He died in London in 1765.

WALKER, Elizabeth, an English miniature
painter, was bom in London in 1800. She was the
daughter of S. W. Reynolds, the mezzotinter, and
married the Scottish engraver, W. Walker. She
studied engraving under T. G. Lupton, but, after
producing several plates, among others her own
portrait after Opie, she devoted herself to minia-
tures, receiving instruction from G. Clint. Obtain-
ing a good practice, she was appointed miniature
painter to William IV., and exhibited at the Royal
Academy from 1818 to 1850. After a long career,
she died in London in 1876. There is by her :
Oxford. Christ Church. Portrait of the Earl of Devon.

WALKER, Feedeeick, was bom in Marylebone,
May 24, 1840. He began his studies in the British
Museum, and for a time worked under an architect
called Baker. Leaving him, he returned to the
British Museum, and entered himself at Leigh's, in
Newman Street. It was not long, however, before
he made his way into the Royal Academy Schools.
While a student he had already begun to draw on
wood, and had placed himself with Mr. J. W.
Whymper in order to learn the requirements of the
art. He won employment on the now defunct
periodical, 'Once a Week,' which did so much in a
quiet way for the more retired walks of English art,
and getting an introduction to Thackeray, he was
engaged to make drawings for the ' Comhill Maga-
zine.' He also worked for 'Good Words,' 'Sunday
at Home,' and other prints of the same kind.
In 1864 he was elected an Associate of the Society
of Painters in Water-Colours, and in 1866 a full
member. In 1867 he won a medal for his water-
colour drawings at the Paris Exhibition. In 1871,
when still a member of the Water-Colour Society,
he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy,
by which a much required precedent was set.
Never robust in health, he began to show signs of
the end soon after his election into the Academy,
A winter in Algiers did him little good, and
on the 5th June, 1875, he died at St. Fillan's,
Perthshire. He was buried in Cookham church,
the centre of his favourite district, and there his
friends and brother artists erected a tablet to his
memory. Frederick Walker's art has had an enor-
mous effect upon his younger contemporaries, and
the broad characteristics of a large proportion of
the pictures painted in England between 1875 and
the present date (1888), are due to his example.
More almost than any other painter of similar rank
did he depend on 'feeling' for success. As a
colourist he improved till the end, but as a
draughtsman he was more proficient in his earlier
than in his later years. As a composer, too, in
line, he left much to desire ; but whatever theme
he selected for treatment, he clothed it with a
pathetic beauty, to which humanity and inanimate



Walker



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Walker



nature had each to contribute its share. He showed
curious skill in combining rusticity with grace in
his peasants. As a technical painter, he displayed
more power in water-colour than in oil, and it is
among the workers in the former medium that his
influence has chiefly worked for good. His sub-
jects were frequently taken from the literature of
his time, but in many instances they were of his
own invention, and in others they were idealized
portraits of actual places. Among his best works
in each medium we may name :

WATEK-COLOUBS.
Philip in Church.
The Fishmonger's Shop.
Marlow Ferry.
Our Village.



The New Boy.
■Well-sinkers.



The Fairy.

High Street, Oookhara.

Portrait of himself.

Mushrooms. •

The Chaplain's Daughter.



■Water-colour replicas of nearly all the oil pictures
mentioned below.

OIL PICTURES.
The Lost Path. {S. F. Mdkins, Esq.)
■Vagrants. 1868. {National Gallery.)
The Old Gate. 1869. {A. B. Street, Esq)
The Plough. 1871. {The Count of JBayona.)
At the Bar. 1872. Before his death he erased the

head in this picture.
The Harbour of Refuge. 1872. ( William Agne^o, Esq.)
■Wayfarers. ( William Agnew, Esq.)
The rBathers. ( W. Cuthbert Quilter, Esq.)
The Peaceful Thames ; left unfinished. {Sir Charles

Tennant, JBart.)
The Eight of ■Way. 1875.

WALKER, GrEOHGE, an English painter, was
born in the first half of the 18th century. Many
of his works were engraved by W. Byrne. He
exhibited landscapes at the Royal Academy from
1792 to 1795, and is believed to have died soon
after the latter year. There is a water-colour
drawing by him of Deptford in the South Ken-
sington Museum.

■WALKER, James, an English mezzotint en-
graver, was born in 1748. He studied under Valen-
tine Green, and soon acquired a reputation by his
portrait plates, especially by those after Romney.
In 1784 he went to St. Petersburg as engraver to
the Empress Catherine, and was engaged for some
years on various important works. Returning to
England in 1802, with a pension, he lost his plates
by shipwreck on the way. Redgrave states that
he died about 1808, but his death more probably
did not occur till after 1819. The following are
among his best plates :

Mrs. Musters ; after "Romney. 1780.

Countess of Carlisle. So. 1781.

Miss "Woodley. Do. 1781.

Master Tempest. Do. 1781.

Lady Isabella Hamilton. Do. 1782.

Sir Hyde Parker. Do.

The Fair Persian ; afte/r M. Cosway. 1784.

Dr. Eobertson ; after Reynolds.

The Infant Hercules ; after the same.

■Woman teaching Child to read ; after Bemirandt. 1793.

Ariosto ; after Titian. 1819.

WALKER,- John, engraver, was the son of
Wilham 'Walker (of Thirsk). He practised in
London towards the close of the 18th century,
finishing many of his father's plates after the
latter's death. He also engraved some views
which were published in the ' New Copper-plate
Magazine ' in 1794-6.

WALKER, J. Rawson, an English landscape
painter, born in the latter part of the 18th century.
He had a good practice at Nottingham, and ex-
hibited occasionally at the Royal Academy, at the

Y Y 2



British Institution, and at Suffolk Street from 1817
to 1865. His art inclined to the poetic school of
landscape painting.

WALKER, Robert, an English portrait painter
and contemporary of Van Dyck, who formed his
style, apparently, by study from the works of that
master. He did not, however, attract much notice
until tlie time of Cromwell, whose portrait and
those of other republican chiefs he painted. He
painted the Protector more than once. One portrait
represents him with a gold chain about his neck,
wliich had been sent to Cromwell by Christina of
Sweden, in return for his miniature by Cooper.
Another was purchased for the Grand Duke of
Tuscany, whose agent, meeting with one in the
hands of a female relation of the Protector, and
offering to purchase it, was asked five hundred
pounds, and paid it. Walker had for some time an
apartment in Arandel House, in the Strand. It is
stated on an engraved portrait of him by Peter
Lambart that he died there in 1668. His own
portrait, by himself, is in the picture gallery at
Oxford ; another at Hampton Court is the original
of Lambart's plate. We may also name :

London. ]V. Fort. Gal. Oliver Cromwell.

„ „ Henry Ireton.

„ „ John Lambert.

„ „ "William Faithorne.

WALKER, William, an English landscape
painter in water-colours, was born at Hackney in
1780. He studied under R. Smirke, and in 1803
paid a visit to Greece. The immediate fruit of
this voyage was the publication of ' Six Picturesque
Views of Greece,' but it also influenced his choice
of subjects, which were chiefly taken from tlie
Mediterranean and the East. He joined the Asso-
ciated Artists in Water-Colours in 1808, and in
1820 was elected an associate of the Old Water-
Colour Society, where he exhibited down to 1836,
as well as at the Royal Academy. He died at
Sawbridgeworth, September 2, 1863. There is a
water-colour drawing, 'The Market Woman,' by
him in the South Kensington Museum.

WALKER, William, a Scottish engraver, was
born in Midlothian in 1793, and studied his art in
Edinburgh, under John Mitchell. In 1816 he came
to London, and practised stipple under T. Wool-
noth, and mezzotint under Thomas Lupton. In
1819 he returned to Scotland, where he engraved
some fine plates in stipple after Sir Henry Raeburn.
Among these were portraits of Sir Walter Scott
and of the painter himself, for which he, Walker,
had given Raeburn commissions. He also com-
missioned Sir Thomas Lawrence to paint a portrait
of Lord Brougham, from which he made another
excellent plate. In 1832 he settled in London,
where he died on the 7th September, 1867. His
wife was Elizabeth Walker, q. v. He published
his own plates ; beside those already mentioned
we may name :

The Passing of the Reform Bill.

Reformers at the Diet of Spires ; after Cattermole. 1847.

Caxton and Edward IV. ; after Maclise.

The Aberdeen Cabinet. 1857.

Distinguished Men of Science living in Great Britain in
1807.

WALKER, William, brother of Anthony Walker,
was born at Thirsk in 1729, and after serving an
apprenticeship to a dyer, came to London and was
instructed in art by his brother. He worked for
nearly thirty years as an illustrator of periodicals,
and was also much employed by Boydell. The

691



Wall



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Walter



process of re-biting was a discovery of his. He
died in Clerkenwell, February 18, 1793. Among
others, we have the following prints by him :

The Family of Sir Balthazar Gerbier ; after Van Dyck.

Diano and Calisto ; after F. Le Moyne.

The Power of Beauty ; after Fil. Lauri.

Christ appearing to Mary Magdalene ; after Fietro da

Cortona.
The Young Bird-catchers ; after Gasp. Netscher.
The Girl and Chickens ; after Ant. Amorosi.
The Boy and Bird's-nest ; after the same.
A Flemish Entertainment ; after Van Herp.
Jacob watering Rachel's Flocks ; after Trevisaid.
Isaac blessing Jacob ; after the same.
lions at play ; after Rubens.

WALL, John, a physician and amateur painter,
was born at Powick, Worcestershire, in 1708. He
was educated at Oxford, and became eminent as a
physician and experimental chemist in Worcester.
He had a hand in the establishment of the Royal
Worcester Porcelain Factory, and as a painter he
made some cartoons for windows. One of these is
in the chapel of the Bishop's palace at Hartlebury.
Dr. Wall died at Worcester in 1783.

WALL, W. R. VAN DER. See Van der Wall.

WALLACE, William, a Scottish portrait painter,
was born at Falkirk in 1801. For some years he
practised in Edinburgh, but in 1833 settled in
Glasgow. He died in 1866. There is by him :

Edinburgh. Nat. Gall. Portrait of Thomson of Dud-
dingston.

WALLAERT, Pierre, painter, was born at Lille
in the latter half of the 18th century. He exhibited
at the Salon from 1796 to 1810. In the Marseilles
Museum there is a ' Shipwreck ' by him, and in that
of Toulouse a washed landscape. He died in Paris
about 1812.

WALLER, J., portrait painter, practised about
1700. After him Bernard Lens engraved a portrait
of Lord Cutts, surrounded by Mars, Minerva, and
Apollo.

WALLINT. See Lint.

WALLIS, John William, a Scottish landscape
painter, was born about 1765. He practised for
some years in Italy and Germany, but after 1812
devoted himself to picture dealing.

WALLIS, Joshua, an English landscape painter
in water-colour, was born in 1789. He excelled in
snow scenes, and liis works had many good points,
but he did not win success. He exhibited at the
Royal Academy from 1809 to 1820, and died at
Walworth in 1862. There are three water-colour
drawings by him in the Kensington Museum.

WALLIS, Robert, an English landscape en-
graver, born in London in 1794. He worked in
line, and his renderings of Turner are excellent.
He was much employed by the publishers. Speci-
mens of his art will also be found in the 'Art
Journal,' and 'Roger's Poems,' as well as in ' Eng-
land and Wales,' and 'The Southern Coast' He
retired to Brighton in 1860, where he spent his
latter years, and died in 1878. Amongst his best
plates are :

The Approach to Venice ; after Turner.



Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 180 of 201)