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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Brighton Chain Pier ; after the same.

Lake Nemi ; after the same.

The Dutch Ferry ; after Callcott.

On the Gulf of Venice ; after Clarkson Stanfield.

Val S. Nicola ; after J. D. Harding.

WALMISLEY, Frederick, an English subject
and portrait painter, was born in 1815. He studied
692



under H. P. Briggs, and in the schools of the Royal
Academy. He exhibited at the British Institution,
in Sufiolk Street, and at the Royal Academy, from
1838 to 1872. His work was much impeded by
paralysis of the legs. He died in 1875.

WALMSLEY, Thomas, landscape painter, was
descended from a Rochdale family of good position,
but was born in Ireland in 1763, at which time
his father, a major in the army, was there with
his regiment. Having quarrelled with his friends
he came to London, to procure a living by his own
exertions. Having already made some progress
in landscape painting, he was engaged as scene-
painter at the King's Theatre, and afterwards in
the same capacity at Covent Garden. He subse-
quently hel* a similar post in the Crow Street
Theatre, Dublin, but finally settled at Bath, where
he practised landscape with success for the last
ten years of his life. Between 1790 and 1796 he
exliibited many, landscapes, chiefly Welsh scenes,
at the Royal Academy. He died at Bath in 1805.

WALRAVEN, Isaak, a Dutch amateur painter
and engraver, was born at Amsterdam in 1686.
He worked successively under a goldsmith, a
sculptor, and lastly under the painter Gerard Rade-
maker, after whose death he went to Diisseldorf to
copy pictures in the Gallery. His own pictures
were chiefly historical. His 'Death of Epami-
nondas ' is in the Amsterdam Museum. He has
left a series of etchings in the manner of Stefano
della Bella, and some of goldsmiths' patterns. He
died at Amsterdam in 1764-5.

WALRAVEN, Nic. See Haepten.

WALS, Gottfried, landscape painter and en-
graver, was a native of Cologne, and flourished
about 1640. He studied under Agostino Tassi,
and worked cliiefly in Italy. He lost his life in
an earthquake at Naples.

WALSKAPPEL, Jakob van, (Walscapelle, or
Waltskapbllb,) was a painter of fruit and flowers.
The dates of his birth and death are unknown, hut
those of his pictures range from 1670 to 1680.
According to Houbraken he was living at Amster-
dam before 1667 and after 1716, and abandoned
art for some other calling. He is said to have
been a pupil of the flower-painter, Cornells Kick.
His pictures are something hke tliose of J. D. de
Heem. His flowers are tastefully arranged in
globular water-bottles, and besprinkled with butter-
flies, moths, and other insects. His pictures are
fairly numerous in England ; the National Gallery
has one; others are to be found in the Berlin
Museum at Frankfort, at Schwerin, and in New
York.

WALTER, Henry, a painter of pastoral and
rural subjects, was born in London about 1790.
His works were few in number, and less well-
known than they deserved. Being much engaged
in teaching, he had little time to devote to the
practice of his art, and his over-severity in his
judgment of his own work caused him to destroy
much that might have given him a wider reput-
ation. His pictures occasionally appeared at the
winter exhibitions of the Royal Academy, and a
' Farmyard Scene ' of much merit, was at the great
exhibition of 1851. His private character was
such as to attract many friends, and he enjoyed
the intimacy of Samuel Palmer, F. 0. Finch, Geo.
Richmond the elder, Blake, and Linnell. He died
at Torquay, May 23, 1849.

WALTER OF COLCHESTER. A monk of St.
Alban's, who flourished in the first half of the 13th



"Walther



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



century, and is remembered chiefly as a statuary
and carver, but is said to have been also a
painter.

WALTHER, Feiedeich, of Dinkelsbuhl, an early
German painter, is said to have flourished in the
second half of the 15th century, and to have painted
altar-pieces in the manner of Martin Schongauer.
In conjunction with Hans Hiirning (5. v.) he
designed a series of prints for a ' Biblia Pauperum '
(published in 1471).

WALTHER, Kael Sigmund, was born at Dres-
den in 1783. He studied under Schubert in his
native city, and became known as a pleasing por-
trait painter. He also painted a few historical
pictures. He died in 1820.

WALTIER, Chaeles Emilb. See Wattiee.

WALTON, Elijah, was born at Manchester in
1833. He became a student in the Royal Academy,
where he gained a medal when only ten years of
age. He made journeys to the East, to the Alps,
to Norway, to the English Lakes and the Isle of
Wight, making drawings in which a poetic fancy
took the place of truth to nature. His work lent
itself to reproduction by chromolithography, and
so his impossible peaks and generally artificial
efieots have become widely known. He wrote a
treatise on the camel, and often employed his
pencil in the illustration of books. He died in
1880.

WALTON, Heney, an English subject and por-
trait painter, was born about 1720. He was a
member of the Society of Artists, where he ex-
hibited, as well as at the Royal Academy, from
1771 to 1779. His subjects were usually portraits
in small or domestic incidents. Several of his
pictures have been engraved. His death took
place about 1790. Two of his pictures were ex-
hibited at the Grosvenor Gallery in 1889.

WALTON, James TsonT, an English landscape
painter, was born at York. He studied under Etty,
his fellow-townsman, and travelled in Switzerland
and Algiers ; but excelled especially in English
pastoral landscape. He died on the 17th October,
1867, at York.

WALTON, Paery, an English copyist and still-
life painter of the 17th century. He studied under
Robert Walker, and became keeper of the pictures
to James II. He had much practice as a picture
restorer, and as such exercised his skill on Rubens's
ceiling at Whitehall. For his work upon it he
was paid £212. He died in Lincoln's Inn Fields
about 1700. His son, who succeeded to his appoint-
ments, was known as a copyist.

WALWERTH, Jakob Samuel, engraver, was
born at Nuremburg in 1750. He studied draughts-
manship under Preisler, and engraving under
Schweickhart. He was chiefly employed as an
engraver of anatomical, botanical, and architectural
plates, and worked much for the publisher Mechel,
at Basle. His landscapes and historical plates
were comparatively unimportant. He died in
1815.

WAMPS, Beenaed Joseph, (or Wampe,) was
born at Lille, November 30, 1689. He studied
under Vuez in his native city, and under Jean
Restout in Paris. In 1715 he won the Premier
Grand Prix de Rome with a ' Judith receiving the
treasures found in the tent of Holofemes.' After
five years in Rome, Wamps settled in Lille, where
he was accorded certain privileges by the muni-
cipality. He died in that city about 1750.
Works:



Cambrai.

Douai.
»»

LUIe.



Museum.



"Wappers

Hagar in the Desert.
Jesus at Emmaus.

(And three others.)
The Tribute Money.
The Last Supper.
Christ blessing little Children.
(These three are sketches for

pictures in the Churches of

S. Pierre and S. Jacques, at

Douai.)
The Judgment of Solomon.



WAMPS. See Wans.

WANDBLAAR, Jan, painter and engraver, was
bom at Amsterdam about 1691. He was instructed
by W. van Gouwen and G. de Lairesse, and painted
many portraits, some in pastel. He also engraved
portraits and book ornaments for publishers, but his
best productions were thirty-four plates for the
' Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani,'
of Albinus. The drawings were made from the sub-
jects by himself, under the direction of Albinus.
There is an English translation, in which the figures
are copied in the original size, by 0. Grignon,
Ravenet, Scotin, and others. Wandelaar was
known as an author, and wrote a comedy called
' The Sham Relation.' It was through his exertions
that a public school of design was opened at Am-
sterdam. He died at Leyden in 1759.

WANS, Jan Baptist, (or Wamps,) surnamed
'The Captain,' from being commander of the civic
guard in his native town, was a Fleming, born in
1628. He was accounted a good landscape painter
in the classic Italian style he and his contem-
poraries borrowed from Poussin. He also made
copies of the works of Van Dyck. There is a
landscape by him in the Antwerp Museum. His
death took place after 1687, but the date is not
known.

WAPPERS, GusTAVE, a Belgian historical
painter, was bom August 23, 1808, at Antwerp.
He worked under Herreyns and Van Bree, in the
Academy of his native city, and subsequently
studied the works of Rembrandt in Holland and the
Italian masters in Paris. Returning to Belgium in
1830, he became the leader of the romantic move-
ment, and soon deposed the classicist Navez from
his position as head of the Belgian school. His
first important picture, the ' Episode of the Belgian
Revolution,' now in the Brussels Museum, raised
the standard of revolt, and a band of young artists
eagerly enlisted themselves under it. His pictures,
based on subjects from Flemish history, at once
became popular in the new kingdom. Many
honours were bestowed on him. From 1839 to
1855 he was Director of the Antwerp Academy. In
his own country he was made a baron and ap-
pointed principal painter to the King ; while in
France he was made an officer in the Legion of
Honour. His latter years were chiefly spent in
Paris, where he died, December 6, 1874. Amongst
his works are :



Amsterdam.



Fodor I
Museum, j
E. Museum.



Antwerp. Academy.

„ Jesuits' Church.
Brussels.



„ Eoyal Palace.
Tirlemont. St. Germain.
Versailles. Gallery.



Peter the Great at Zaandam.

Van Dyck falling in love with
his model.

Portrait of himself.

The Song of Solomon.

The Presentation in the Temple.

Charles I. going to the Scaffold.

Episode of the Belgian Revolu-
tion of 1830.

Temptation of St. Anthony.

Pieta.

Defence of Rhodes.

693



Ward



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Ward



WARD, Edwaed Matthew, an English histori-
cal painter, was born in Pimlico in 1816. His
mother was a sister of James and Horace Smith,
the authors of ' Rejected Addresses.' His art pro-
clivities early developed themselves, and in 1830
he obtained the silver palette of the Society of
Arts. He was indebted to Chantrey and Wilkie
for much valuable advice and encouragement, and
in 1835 entered the schools of the Royal Academy.
Before he was twenty lie produced a series of
illustrations to the famous jeu (E esprit of his two
uncles. In 1836 he went to Rome, and studied
in the Academy of St. Luke, where in 1838 he
was awarded the silver medal for historical com-
position. After a stay of three years in Italy, he
made his way to Munich, and worked on fresco
painting for a time under the direction of Cornelius.
On his return to England he made his appearance
on the walls of the Royal Academy in 1839 with a
picture of ' Cimabue and Giotto.' He soon devoted
himself to the class of subjects which has been
termed " historical anecdote." His chief pictures
were : ' Dr. Johnson reading Goldsmith's ' ' Vicar of
Wakefield" ' (1843), 'Dr. Johnson and Lord Ches-
terfield ' (1845 ; National Gallery), ' Disgrace of
Lord Clarendon' (1846), ' The South Sea Bubble'
(1847; National Gallery), 'Charles II. and Nell
Gwyn ' (1848 ; South Kensington Museum ; Jones
Collection), ' James II. hearing of the landing of
the Prince of Orange ' (1850 ; National Oallery),
'Louis XVI. and his family in the Temple' (1851),
'Charlotte Corday going to Execution' (1862),
and ' The Ante-chamber at Whitehall during the
last moments of Charles II. ' (1861). He early
entered into the Westminster Hall competitions.
In 1843 he sent a ' Boadicea,' which was unsuccess-
ful ; but at length, in 1853, he received a com-
mission for eight pictures for the corridor of the
House of Commons, of which the best, perhaps,
are 'The Execution of Montrose,' 'The Last Sleep
of Argyll,' and ' Alice Lisle concealing Fugitives.'
He also made several designs for tapestry, which
were earned out at the works at Old Windsor.
He was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy
in 1846, but his election to the full membership
was delayed till 1855. His mind became unhinged
through ill-health, and he died by his own hand at
Windsor on the 15th January, 1879. His wife,
the daughter of Geo. Raphael Ward, is also well
known as a painter.

WARD, Pkanois Swain, an English landscape
painter, was born in London about 1750. He was
brought up as an artist, and exhibited with the
Society of Artists from 1765 to 1773; but he
entered the military service of the East India
Company, and afterwards appears to have pursued
art merely as a pastime. He made many drawings
of Indian temples and antiquities, as he had pre-
viously done of the castles and ruins of England.
He died about 1805.

WARD, George Raphael, son of James Ward,
■R.A., and father-in-law of E. M. Ward, R.A., was
born in 1798. He studied art under his father
and in the schools of the Royal Academy. He was
at one time much employed in making miniature
copies of the portraits of Sir Thomas Lawrence,
but he is better known by his engraved portraits.
He died December 18, 1879.

WARD, James, animal painter and engraver,
was born in Thames Street, London, on the 23rd
of October, 1769. He began the study of en-
graving at a very early age, working under John

694



Raphael Smith for a time, and then serving an
apprenticeship of nine years to his elder brother,
William Ward. He soon made his mark as an
engraver, and having attracted attention at the
exhibitions of 1792 and 1793 with some clever
pictures of rural life, he was, in 1794, appomted
painter and mezzotint engraver to the Prince of
Wales. He became a frequent contributor to the
exhibitions of the Royal Academy, and soon won
a great reputation as a painter of animals, in which
line he was much assisted by previous studies of
comparative anatomy. He was elected an A.R.A.
in 1807, and a full Academician in 1811. In 1817
he gained the prize offered by the Directors of the
British Institution for an 'Allegory of Waterloo,'
but in attempting to realize his sketch he was
not so successful. In his later years he made
experiments in all kinds of subjects, and continued
to exhibit with the Academy into extreme old age.
A very characteristic portrait, painted by himself
at the age of seventy-nine, is in the National Por-
trait Gallery. Ward retired to Cheshunt about
1830, and died there November 23, 1859, in his
ninety-first year. Works :

London. Nat. Gall. Aldemey BuU, Cow, and Calf

in a Meadow.
„ „ Gordale Scar, Yorkshire.

, „ Harlech Castle.

„ „ Eegent'sParkinl807. A Cattle

Piece.

" *"**i£^If ™ } °°"'^^y ^"^ ^'ss.

„ „ Pigs.

„ „ A Chinese Sow.

„ „ BuUs Fighting in a Landscape ;

St. Donatt's Castle, Glamor-
ganshire, in the background.
Boa-constrictor seizing a Horse (the horse, a portrait of

George IV.'s favourite, Apollo).
The Council of Horses. (^Jfanchester Gallery.)
De Tabley Park. {Oldham, Gallery.)
Bull-Baiting,

Among Ward's plates the best, perhaps, are:

The Centurion Cornelius ; after Bemhrandt.

Admiral Duncan ; after Hoppner.

Daniel in the Lions' Den ; after Suhens.

The Fhght into Egypt ; after F. Bol.

Descent from the Cross ; after Dietrich.

Diana and her Nymphs ; c^ter Huhe-ns.

The Alpine Traveller ; after JVorthcote.

Louisa ; after Soppner.

Thoughts on Matrimony ; after the same.

The Fruits of Early Industry and Economy; after

norland.
Smugglers ; after the same.
Fisherman ; after the same.
The EocHng-Horse ; after himself
Mrs. Billington ; after Reynolds.

(Nagler makes James Ward the painter and
James Ward the engraver two different people.)

WARD, Martin Theodore, an English animal
painter, and son of William Ward, A.E., was born
about the beginning of the 19tli century. He was a
pupil of Sir Edwin Landseer, and in the early part
of his career practised in London. About 1840 he
settled in Yorkshire, and became noted for his
eccentricity. His works appeared at intervals
between 1819 and 1858 at the Royal Academy,
the British Institution, and the Society of British
Artists. He died in great misery at York,
February 13, 1874.

WARD, Samuel, an English caricaturist of the
eai'ly part of the 17th century. He lived at
Ipswich, and was in orders, but espousing the



"Ward



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Warren



Puritan side, he was successively imprisoned by
the Star Chamber and Archbishop Laud. His best
known caricatures are ' Spayne and Rome De-
feated' (1621), and 'Woe to Drunkards' (1635).
He died in 1639.

WARD, William, an eminent engraver in mezzo-
tint, was born in London in 1766. He was the
brother of James Ward, the celebrated animal
painter, and father of W. J. and M. T. Ward. He
served an apprenticeship to J. R. Smith, and after-
wards became his assistant. He engraved many of
the pictures of his brother-in-law, George Morland,
and these plates are now (1889) in great request.
He also engraved numerous portraits after Reynolds
and others, and a few historical pictures. In 1814
he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy,
at which he had first exhibited in 1795, and was
appointed mezzotint engraver to the Prince Regent
and the Duke of York. He died suddenly in
London, December 21, 1826. Among his plates
we may name :

The Defeat of Mary Stuart at Langside ; after Westall.

The Battle of Camperdown ; after Copley.

Eeview of the Third Dragoon Guards ; after Beechey.

David and Uriah ; after F. Bol.

Joseph presenting his Father to Pharaoh; after the
same.

Pilate washing his hands ; after G. Sovthorst.

Mary Magdalen reading ; after Correggio.

The Death of CEdipus ; after Fuseli.

The Death of the Elk ; o/ier Euiens.

The Livery Stable ; after James Ward.

The Haymakers ; after the same.

The Country Ale-House ; after the same.

The Gamesters ; after JV. Peters.

The Birth of the Heir ; after W. Bigg. And about
twenty plates after Morland, of which ' The Visit to
the Child at Nurse ' is perhaps the best.

WARD, William James, mezzotint engraver,
was the son of William Ward, and was born about
1800. He exhibited a talent for art at a very
early age, and in his twelfth year obtained the
'.silver medal of the Society of Arts for an elaborate
; drawing of the 'Madonna della Seggiola' of
'Raphael. His style was robust, and more adapted
to the translation of Sir Joshua Reynolds and John
Jackson than of Sir Thomas Lawrence, after each
of whom he engraved. He died in 1840. Among
his plates we may name :

Admiral Sir P. Durham ; after F. Grant.

Prince George of Cambridge ; after John Lucas.

Lady Vernon Harcourt ; after J. Jackson.

The Infant Hercules (the single figures) ; after Sir J.

Reynolds.
JBarl Grey, E.G. ; aftm- Jackson.
George Canning ; after T. Stewartson.
Thomas Moore ; after George Mulvany.
Garriok in the Green Boom ; after Hogarth.
John Jackson ; after Jackson.
Marriage of St. Catherine ; after Vandyck.
Some plates in the ' Gems of Art.'

WARIN. See Vaein.

WARNBERGER, Simon, landscape painter, was
born at Pullach, near Munich in 1769, and was
educated at the Munich Academy. He travelled
for his improvement in Austria and Italy, and was
in 1824 elected a member of the Munich Academy.
He died in 1847. The Berlin National Gallery
contains a ' Beech Wood ' by him.

WARNBCK, Alexander, (or Waenyk,) was
born at St. Petersburg about 1780, and instructed
in the Academy of that city, and afterwards in
Italy. He was a painter of genre subjects and
portraits, among the latter of which were those



of Count Stroganoff, President Olenin, and himself.
Kael Bddaed Waenece, probably his son, was
born at Dantzio in 1803, and died there in 1858.
He practised in Russia, visited Italy, and was
a painter of historical subjects and genre.

WARNIR, JoHANN, a native of Germany, was
born about the year 1620. He is chiefly known
as a copyist of prints by Albrecht Diirer and other
German masters. His plates are neatly executed,
but have all the servility of imitation. He copied
the print by Diirer, representing ' St. Jerome seated
before a Crucifix,' with a city in the background,
inscribing it Jh. Warnir, JS. 16, 1636, and the
following year he copied the 'Twelve Apostles,'
after the same master, which he marked Jh. W.,
JE. 17. He is supposed to have died very young.

WARNYK. SeeWAENECK.

WARREN, Alfred William, an English en-
graver, who practised in London in the 19th
century. He was the son of Charles Turner
Warren. He engraved 'The Beggar's Petition,'
two plates of English kings and English poets
respectively, and 'The New Coat,' after Wilkie,
and illustrations for the following books :

Pope's ' Essay on Man.'

Smirke's ' Arabian Nights.' | Coxe's ' Social Day.'

WARREN, Charles Turner, an eminent en-
graver, was born in London, June 4, 1767. While
young his occupation was the engraving of rollers
for calico printing, and in after life he was chiefly
employed on small plates for book illustration,
especially o'f the poetry and novels published by
Bell, Harrison, Cadell, and others. Little is known
of his life, but he was the first to succeed as an
engraver on steel, for which process he received
a gold medal from the Society of Arts. He en-
graved several of the beautiful illustrations to
' Don Quixote,' after Smirke. He died at Wands-
worth, April 21, 1823. Among his other plates we
may name :

Lord Castlereagh ; after Laxorence.

Alexander Pope.

The Broken Jar ; after Wilkie. (Coxe's ' Social Day.')

Antony and Cleopatra ; after Tresham [for the Boydell

Gallery).
Troilus and Cressida ; after T. Kirk (do.).

WARREN, Henry, water-colour painter, was
born in London, September 24, 1794. He evinced
an early taste for art, but for a while was almost
equally divided between painting, sculpture, and
music. He first entered the studio of Nollekens,
the sculptor, where he had John Gibson and
Bonomi as his companions. In 1818, however, he
gave up sculpture for painting, and entered the
schools of the Royal Academy. His first picture,
entitled ' Love among the Roses,' appeared in 1823,
but soon afterwards he adopted water-colour in
preference to oil, and in 1835 joined the New
Society of Painters in Water-Colours. He was
elected President in 1839 — a post he resigned in
1873, when he accepted the title of Honorary
President ; this he held until his death, which
occurred in London, December 18, 1879. He was
a member of the Royal Commission for the Paris
Exhibition of 1855, and took a leading part in the
Fine Arts section of the 1862 exhibition. He
pubhshed an antiquarian work on the river Ravens-
bourne, in Kent, illustrated by lithographic views
drawn by himself; two little volumes, entitled
respectively ' Notes upon Notes ' and ' Hints upon
Tints,' besides many elementary essays on art.

695



Waser



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Watson



He also designed series of illustrations to 'A
Winter's Tale,' to Lockhart's ' Spanish Ballads,' to
Wordsworth's ' Pastoral Poems,' and to Moore's
'Paradise and the Peri.' He was an honorary
member of the ' Sooilte Belgique des Aquarellistes,'
and of the Pennsylvanian Academy of Arts.

WASER, Anna, (or Wassee,) was born at
Zurich in 1679, and was the daughter of Rudolph
Waser, a member of the town-council. When she
was not more than twelve years of age her father
placed her under Joseph Werner, of Berne, one of
the best artists in Switzerland. She soon rivalled
Werner himself in miniature, and her reputation
spreading through Germany, there was scarcely a
court in the empire from which she did not receive
commissions. Her miniatures were sought for also
in London and Holland. She painted pastoral
subjects and flowers as well as portraits. She died
in 1713.

WASSBMBBRG, Jan Abel, was born at
Groeningen in 1689. He was the son of an
I advocate, who, after giving him the rudiments of
a classical education, yielded to his bent towards
art, and placed him under one Jan van Dieeen.
With him Wassemherg remained until he was
twenty-three years of age, when he went to Rotter-
dam, where he formed an intimacy with Adriaan
van der WerfE. He afterwards returned to Groe-
ningen with the reputation of one of the most
promising young artists of his time. He painted
the portrait of the Prince of Orange, with that of
the princess, and those of the most distinguished
personages of the court. He also painted small
pictures from sacred history, in the style of Van
der Werff. He died in 1750. His daughter,
Elizabetha Geeteuida Wassemberg, painted like
her father, but sometimes approached pretty closely



Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 181 of 201)