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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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to Gerard Dou. She died in 1782. Wassemberg's
son, Jan, was also a painter.

WASSER. See Wasee.

WATELET, Claude Henei, a distinguished
amateur and writer on art, was born in Paris in
1718. His father was receiver-general of the
finances, to which position he himself succeeded.
In his youth he united the study of art with that of
belles lettres, and travelled through Germany to
Italy, passing some little time at Rome. After
his return to Paris he published, in 1761, his poem
on the 'Art of Painting,' embellished with plates
from the designs of M. Pierre, etched by himself,
and finished with the graver hy L. S. Lempereur.
He was the principal author of the ' Dictionnaire
des Arts de Peinture, Sculpture et Graviire,' pub-
lished in 1792, with additions by M. Levesque.
He died in 1786. Watelet may be ranked among
the best amateur engravers. His plates number
nearly two hundred ; the following may be named :

Claude Henri Watelet ; engraved in 1753 ; after Cochin.

Jean le Eond d'Alembert, of the French Academy. Do.

P. Joliot de Crebillon, of the French Academy. Do.

J. P. M. Pierre, Painter. Do.

Louis de Silvestre, Painter. Do.

The Count de Vence. Do.

A. B. J. Turgot. Do.

Venus nursing Loves ; after Rulens.

A Corps-de-Garde of Monkeys ; after Teniers.

A Landscape, with Figures ; after K. du Jardin.

A large Landscape ; after J. Both,

A pair of Views of Buins ; after Panim.

WATELETj Louis Etibnne, a French landscape
painter and lithographer, was born in Paris in
1780. He began to exhibit at the Salon in 1799,
and there his works appeared for upwards of half


a century. His travels extended to Belgium, the
Tyrol, and Italy, and afi'orded many subjects for
his pictures. He died in 1864. There are by

Fontainebleau. Palace. Henri IV.aud Captain Michaud.
Neuchatel. Museum. Landscape.
Versailles. Palace. Reception of Napoleon I. at

Louisbourg. 1812.

And other works in the Museums of Amiens, Aix,
Bordeaux, Montpellier, and NImes.

WATERLO, Anthonie, (or Waterloo,) painter
and engraver, was born at Lille, in 1609 or 1610.
Various dates have been given for his birth, but
Mr. Bredius has discovered that his betrothal took
place in Amsterdam in 1640, the painter being at
the time thirty years of age. He was married a
few weeks later at Zevenbergen. He seems to
have divided his time mostly between Amsterdam,
Leeuwarden, and Utrecht, paying an occasional
visit to his native city. He had a chSteau near
Utrecht, where Jan Weenix used to visit him for
the purpose of inserting figures in his landscapes.
It has been usually asserted that he died at Utrecht,
in the Hospital of St. Job, in 1670, but it is now
known that he was still aUve in 1676, and living
in Leeuwarden. His landscapes are characterized
by the most extreme simplicity. They represent
the entrance into a forest ; a broken road, with a
few trunks of trees ; a sohtary cottage, or a water-
mill ; all treated with truth and sincerity. Land-
scapes by him are in the Amsterdam and Rotterdam
Museums and the Stuttgart Gallery. But he is
best known as an engraver and etcher. His plates
usually represent forest subjects. According to
Bartsch, they amount to one hundred and thirty-
six. They are etched with spirit and facility, and
retouched with the graver, fie sometimes marked
his plates with the initials A. W. /., and sometimes

with the cipher j\/y. The drawings of Waterlo

are also excellent ; they are generally in black
chalk and Indian ink. The following are perhaps
the best of his plates :

A set of six upright Landscapes, among which The
Water-mill is the chief.

A set of six Landscapes, with subjects from Mythology
(Alpheus and Aiethusa; ApoUo and Daphne; Mer-
cury and Argus ; Pan and Syrinx ; the Parting of
Venus and Adonis ; and the Death of Adonis).

A set of six Landscapes, with subjects from the Old
Testament, and the Angel directing Tobias.

WATERSCHOODT, Heinrich van, a Dutch
painter of the 18th century. He practised in
Munich, where he worked in a sort of rivalry
with Beich from 1744 to 1773, and painted genre
pictures, flowers, and battle-pieces. In the Augs-
burg Gallery there is a ' Consecration of a Village
Church ' by him.

"WATHER, Philipp, painter and engraver, was
bom at Miihlhausen in 1798. He learnt etching
and engraving from Reindel at Nuremburg, and
was finally known best as a worker upon steel.
His early productions, however, were chiefly views
of buildings in oil and water-colour. His most
popular plate was ' The Baker Girl,' after Kreul.

WATMAN, Heney, an engraver of landscapes,
mentioned by Professor Christ, is said to have
marked his prints with an H and a W joined into
a monogram.

WATSON, Caeoline, an excellent English en-
graver and daughter of James Watson, was born
in London about the year 1760. She was instructed




in the art by her father, and engraved many
subject pictures and portraits, both in mezzotint
and in stipple. In 1785 she received the appoint-
ment of engraver to Queen Carohne, and died in
Pimlico, June 10, 1814. Among others we have
the following prints by her :

Prince William of Gloucester ; after Beynolds.

Lord Malmesbury ; after the same.

Mrs. Stanhope ; after the sarne.

Sir Joshua Keynolds ; after the same.

Earl of Bute ; after Gainsborough.

Ozias Humphry, Painter ; after the same.

Two heads of Lady Hamilton ; after Eomney.

Mrs. Drummond and Children ; after Shelley.

Mrs. Siddons, as the Grecian Daughter ; after Shirrif.

Miss Bover ; after Hoppner.

Benjamin West, P.E.A. ; after Gilbert Stuart.

William WooUett ; after the same.

Sir Bobert Boyd, Governor of Gibraltar ; after the same.

Death of Cardinal Beaufort ; after Sir J. Rey-iwlds.

Marriage of St. Catharine ; after Correggio.

WATSON, George, a Scottish portrait painter,
was bom in 1767, at Overmains, Berwick. His first
instruction was due to Alexander Nasmyth, but he
worked for two years with Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Settling in Edinburgh, he obtained a foremost
place in the Scottish art world. From 1808 to
1812 he was president of the Associated Artists,
and in 1830 he took a leading part in the fusion
of the Royal Institution with the Scottish Academy,
of which he became president the same year. His
works were not only exhibited in Edinburgh ; from
1808 to 1828 he sent forty-five pictures to the Lon-
don Royal Academy and to the British Institution.
He died in Edinburgh, August 24, 1837. Works :
Edinburgh. Nat. Gall. Portrait of himself.

„ „ „ A. Skirving.

„ „ „ Benjamin West.

WATSON, James, mezzotint engraver, and
brother of William Watson the portrait-painter,
was born in Ireland in 1740 (?). He exhibited at
Spring Gardens in 1775, and died in 1790, having
been for years a resident in Little Queen Street,
London. He was the father of Caroline Watson.
We have by him a great number of interesting
plates, among which are the following :

Anne, Duchess of Cumberland ; after Beynolds.

Elizabeth, Duchess of Buccleuch, with her daughter.

The Duchess of Manchester, with her son, as Diana
and Cupid. Do.

The Countess of Carlisle. Do.

Sir Jeffery Amherst. Do.

Jemima, Countess Cornwallis. Do.

Bobert Drummond, Archbishop of York. Do.

Barbara, Countess of Coventry. Do.

Sir John Cust, Speaker of the House of Commons. Do.

John, Marquis of Granby. Do.

John Hely Hutchinson, Secretary for Ireland. Do.

Dr. Samuel Johnson. Do.

Earl and Countess Pembroke, with their Son. Do.

Vice-Admiral Sir George Bridges Rodney. Do.

Lady Scarsdale, with her Son. Do.

Isabella, Countess of Sefton. Do.

Frances, Marchioness of Tavistock. Do.

Miss Price. Do.

Henry Woodward, Comedian. Do.

Mrs. Abington, as Thalia. Do.

Paul Pontius, Engraver ; after Van Dyck.

Doctor Busby ; after Riley.

Charles, Duke of Richmond ; after Bomney.

The Duchess of Leinster ; after the same.

John, Duke of Argyll ; after Gainsborough.

Miss Lascelles, with a Greyhound ; after Cotes.

A Madonna ; after Beynolds.

The Children in the Wood ; after the same.

Rubens and his Family ; after J. Jordaens.

' Lucinda ' ; after Falconet.

WATSON, John, a Scotch portrait painter, born
in 1685. He was taught in the Trustees' Academy,
Edinburgh, and in 1715 emigrated to America.
Settling in New Jersey, he acquired un independ-
ence by the practice of his art. He died in
America, August 22, 1768.

WATSON, Thomas, mezzotint engraver, was
born in London in 1743, and apprenticed to an en-
graver on plate. He worked at first in the dot
manner, but afterwards became very successful in
mezzotint. For a time he kept a printshop in Bond
Street, in partnership with W. Dickenson. He
exhibited at Spring Gardens in 1775, and died at
Bristol in 1781, Of his numerous prints, the
following are among the most esteemed :

The Windsor Beauties ; a series of six, after Kneller.
Lord Apsley and his Brother ; after N. Dance.
Frances, Countess of Jersey ; after Gardner.
Alderman Sawbridge, in the character of a Roman

senator ; after West.
Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland ; after Reynolds.
Lady Bamfylde. Do.
Lady Melbourne. Do.
James Hay, Earl of Errol. Do.
Lady Broughton. Do.
Dr. Newton, Bishop of Bristol. Do.
Warren Hastings. Do.
Mrs. Sheridan, as St. Cecilia. Do.
Georgina, Countess Spencer. Do.
Lady Townshend, and her two Sisters. Do.
Mrs. Crewe. Do.
Jupiter and Mercury, with Philemon and Baucis ; after

The Virgin and Child, with St. John ; after Correggio.
The Death of Mark Antony ; after N. Dance,

WATSON, William, a portrait painter, prac-
tised in Dublin in the last quarter of the 18th
century. He was better known as a flute -player,
however, than as an artist. His wife painted
flowers and fruit, and in 1771 exhibited once
with the Free Society.

WATSON, W. Smellie, a Scottish portrait painter,
was born in Edinburgh in 1796. He was a pupil
of his father, the first President of the Scottish
Academy, and also studied in the Trustees'
Academy. Coming to London in 1815, he worked
for five years in the schools of the Royal Aca-
demy, and for one year with David Wilkie. He
settled in Edinburgh, where he obtained a good
practice as a portrait painter, and was one of
the original members of the Royal Scottish
Academy. His fancy portraits, such as 'The
Ornithologist,' 'A Conchologist,' and 'The
Student ' — the latter in the Scottish National Gal-
lery — obtained him a very considerable reputation.
He died on the 6th November, 1874. An enthusi-
astic naturalist, he bequeathed his collection of
birds to the Edinburgh University.

WATT, James Henry, engraver, was born in
London in 1799. He was a pupil of Charles Heath,
but showed much originality, and won distinction
as a line-engraver, in a style of his own. He
always worked on copper, which he managed
with great sympathy and power. He died in
London in June 1867. Works :

Procession of the Dunmow Flitch ; aft-.r Stothard.

Christ blessing little Children ; after Eastlake.

The Highland Drover's Departure ; after Landseer.

WATTEAU, Antoinb, the son of a tiler, was
born at Valenciennes on the 10th of October, 1684.
His education was of the slightest, and his father
soon grew tired of paying for any at all. He
turned the lad adrift, and the latter, witliout money
or resources of any kind, made his way to Paris.





Aooident made him acquainted, in the first instance,
with one Metayer, a mediocre artist, whom he soon
abandoned for a manufacturer of rough daubs,
which were sold by the gross to provincial
dealers. At this work he soon showed great
address, and for some time was employed solely
in painting figures of St. Nicholas. His pay for
such work was three livres weekly and his daily
soup. In the evenings and on liolidays he
laboured hard at the drudgery of his art, acquiring
that facility as a draughtsman which was after-
wards to distinguish his work. In the first years
of the 18th century he found his way into the
studio of Claude Gillot, from whom he acquired
a taste for modern subjects, and especially for
those with a vein of comedy in them. He soon
surpassed this master, and left him to become the
assistant of Audran at the Luxembourg. Audran
treated him well, but when, a few months later,
the younger man put a small picture before him
of his own execution, he dissembled the admiration
he could not help feeling, anfl tried to dissuade
his assistant from further attempts at creative art.
Watteau, however, understood his motives, and, in
order to regain his liberty, announced his intention
to visit his parents. Funds for the journey were
obtained by the sale of his first picture to a dealer,
who gave him an order for a pendant, which was
duly finished and despatched from Valenciennes.
Both these pictures were engraved by Cochin.
Watteau's restless nature did not allow him to
stay long at Valenciennes. He returned to Paris,
and had the good fortune to attract the attention
of M. Crozat, the famous collector. Crozat lent
him drawings to copy, by which his enthusiasm
for such men as Rubens and Paul Veronese was
kindled, and he endeavoured to find the means for
a visit to Italy ; but the measures he took had an
opposite result. In 1709 he had competed for the
Grand Prix de Rome, and had only been second.
In his disappointment he determined to try for
royal assistance in a roundabout fashion. He
hung up the two small pictures already mentioned
in one of the corridors of the Academy, where the
Academicians could not help seeing and admiring.
One of their number, De La Fosse, sent for
Watteau, and, reproaching him for distrust of his
own powers, declared that the Academy would
always honour such talent as his. He was imme-
diately enrolled as an Associate, and in 1717 bec^e
a full member. But this good fortune made no
change in his habits. He still studied hard, and
failed to appreciate his own works. He constantly
erased and repainted, and it was only by decisive
measures that those who bought his pictures could
get them out of his hands. In 1719 he paid a
visit to England, partly to consult Dr. Mead,
for whom he painted ' Les Comediens Italiens '
and ' L'Amour Paisible.' He returned to Paris
the next year, as the climate of London did not
agree with him. In 1721 he painted a sign for
the shop of the dealer Gersaint, which had a great
success. After living for twenty-six months in
Gersaint's house and finding the weakness of his
chest increase, the painter made efi'orts to dis-
cover a country retreat, where he could breathe
a purer air. With the help of his friend, L'Abb^
Haranger, he obtained the loan of a house at
Nogent, near Paris, and there he died soon after
his installation, on the 18th of July, 1721. He
left a fortune of 9000 livres, and a large number of
sketches, all of which he divided between his

four friends, Gersaint, Haranger, De Julienne, and
Henin. Watteau's pictures are rare, especially in
public collections.

Berlin. Museum. French Comedy.

„ „ Italian Comedy.

„ „ A Picnic.

Dresden. Galleiy. Figures on a Terrace.

„ „ Figures in a Garden, near a

Statue of Venus.
Edinburgh, Nat. Gall. A Shepherd and Shepherdess
with a Bird's Nest,
„ „ The Toy Windmill.

„ „ FSte Champfetre: Minuet in a

Garden {a masterpiece).
Glasgow. Gallery. The Encampment.

„ „ Breaking up the Camp.

Loudon. Duhdch Gall. Eepast in a Wood.

„ „ A Ball under a Colonnade (a

„ Soane Museum. The Wedding {a masterpiece).
Paris. Louvre. Embarkation for Cythera. (Re-

ception picture at the Aca-
„ Louvre (La Gaze). Gilles.
„ „ ' L'lndififerent.'

„ „ La Finette.

„ „ Figures in a Park.

„ „ The Conjuror.

„ „ The Judgment of Paris.

„ „ ' Le Faux Pas.'

„ „ Autumn.

„ „ Jupiter and Antiope.

Petersburg. Hermitaffe. The Minuet.

„ „ Savoyard, with a marmot.

„ „ The Guitar Player.

„ „ The Fatigues of War.

„ „ The Pleasures of War.

Tienna. Galleiy. The Guitar Player.

Watteau etched the following plates :

Tired Soldiers.

A set of ' Habits a la Mode.'

WATTEAU, EEANgois Louis Joseph, painter,
was born at Valenciennes, August 18, 1758. He
was the son of Louis Joseph Watteau, and the
pupil of his father and of Durameau. He also
studied in Paris, at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. In
1785 he settled in Lille, as assistant to his father
at the Academy. In 1812 he became director of
the Academy, and it is to him that Lille owes the
first foundation of her fine museum. He died there
on the first of December, 1823. The museums of
Lille and Valenciennes have examples of his work.

WATTEAU, Louis Joseph, painter, was born at
Valenciennes, April 10, 1731. He was the nephew
of Antoine Watteau, and a pupil of the Royal
Academy of Paris. In 1765 he settled in Lille,
where he became a professor at the local academy.
In this capacity he attempted to introduce the
study from the nude model, and lost his appoint-
ment, but was afterwards reinstated. In 1796 he
was employed to make inventories of works of art
abandoned by the imigi'ds or in convents. He
died at Lille, August 18, 1798. The museums of
Valenciennes and Lille possess a number of his
pictures, which have mostly to do with the opera-
tions of war. He also painted landscapes and a
few altar-pieces.

WATTIER, Charles Emilb, painter and litho-
grapher, was born in Paris, November 17, 1800.
He was a pupil of Gros, and exhibited at the Salon
from 1831 to 1868. His pictures were mostly
genre and history of the less heroic kind. A water-
colour by him is in the museum at Bagn^res-de-
Bigorre. He died in the Hopital de la Charity, in
Paris, November 22, 1868.




WATTIER, Edotjard, a French painter and
lithographer, was born at Lille in 1793, and studied
under Baron Gros. Some of the lithographs in the
' Galerie de la Duchesse de Berry ' and in the
' Galerie du Palais Royal,' were executed by him.

WATTS, JanBj {nJe Waldie,) an amateur
painter, was born in 1792. She was the daughter
of a Scottish gentleman, and married Captain,
afterwards Admiral, Watts, R.N. She exhibited
landscapes at the Academy and the British In-
stitution, between 1817 and 1820, while still un-
married. She afterwards dabbled in literature, and
published 'Sketches descriptive of Italy,' in four
volumes, in 1820. She died on the 26th July, 1826.
Her sister Charlotte, afterwards Mrs. Eaton, was
the author of the well-known ' Waterloo Days,'
and of other works.

WATTS, John, an English mezzotint engraver,
who practised in London from about 1770 to 1786.
He was probably also a printseller. Amongst his
plates are :

Icarus; after VanDyck, 1778.

Nathaniel Lee ; after Dohson. 1778.

Earl of Denbigh ; after Dance, 1785.

Joseph Baretti ; aftei- Meynolds. 1780.

Marquis of Hertford ; after the same. 1786.

WATTS, Simon, an English wood-engraver,
practised in London about the middle of the last
century. He has left two or three large wood-
cuts dated 1736, and some medallion portraits of
painters, engraved with much freedom. Some
later portraits are also ascribed to him, among
them a 'Queen Elizabeth,' dated 1773, and a
' Dudley, Earl of Leicester,' dated 1775.

WATTS, William, landscape engraver, was
born in London in 1752. His father was a silk-
weaver in Moorfields, and tlie son obtained his
education in art from Paul Sandby and Edward
Rooker. On the death of Rooker, he continued his
' Copperplate Magazine.' He published in 1779-86,
' Views of the Seats of the English Nobility and
Gentry.' In 1786, he went to Italy for a year, and
on his return took up his residence at Sunbury,
near London. After visiting Carmarthen and
Bristol, he in 1791 settled for twelve years at Bath,
where he produced twelve line engravings of Bath
views. On the outbreak of the French Revolution,
he removed to Paris, and lost much of his property
through investing it in French securities. Being
compelled to resume active work, he in 1800 pro-
duced ' Select Views in London,' and, in the course
of the next five years, sixty illustrations to Ainslie's
' Turkey and Palestine.' He also collaborated in
various works with Sandby, Ingleby, Middiman,
Fittler, Angus, Milton, and others. He was once
more able to retire, and in 1814 settled at Cobham,
where he died, blind, and in his hundredth year,
in 1851.

WATZDORFP, Heinbich August von, was born
at Greiz in 1760. From his early years he showed
a taste for drawing and painting, and when, in
1778, he entered the Leipsic University, he still
pursued his artistic studies. In 1780 he became
a lieutenant in the army, but eight years later he
was at work as a landscape painter under Klengel
in Dresden, first in water-colours and then in oil.
He also copied Wouwerman, Potter, Ostade, and
Lingelbach. In 1793-4 he took part in the cam-
paign on the Rhine, in the course of which he
made numerous drawings. In 1796 he quitted the
army and settled down as painter of landscapes
and cattle-pieces in the Dutch style, often with

carts and waggons introduced. He also etched
three landscapes with cattle. He died at Darm-
stadt, August 18th, 1824.

WAUMANS, CoNRADE, a Flemish engraver,
flourished at Antwerp about the year 1642. He
was a pupil of Pieter de Bailliu, whose style he
imitated. The following are his best plates :

Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange ; after Van Dyck.

Bmilie von Solms, Princess of Orange ; after tlie same.

Don Antonio de Zuniga ; after the same.

Jan Both, Landscape painter ; after Willaerts.

Herman Saftleven, Painter ; aftei- a picture by himself.

David BaiUy, Painter ; the same,

Cornells Janssen, Painter ; the same.

The Descent from the Cross ; after Rubens.

The Assumption of the Virgin ; after the same.

The Virgin and Infant Jesus ; after Van Dyck.

Mars and Venus ; after the same.

WAUQUELIN, — , a Flemish miniaturist of the
16th century. The Town I^ibrary of Brussels has
a ' History of S. Helena,' illuminated by him in

WAUTERS, Charles Augustin, a Belgian his-
torical painter, born at Boom in 1811. He studied
at the Academies of Mechlin and Antwerp, and
at the latter worked under Van Bree. For some
years he was director of his old school, the
Mechlin Academy, and he died in that town in,
1869. A monument was erected to his memory
in the church of St. Andr^ at Antwerp. Among
other pictures by him we may name :

Karlsruhe. Gallery. The Traveller.

Mechlin. Museum, Salvator Bosa in the Abrnzzi.

)> „ Floris de Moutigny in prison at


„ Cathedral. The Last Supper.

„ iSt. Jean. Crucifixion. 1860.

WAXSCHLUNGER, Johann Paul, painter, born
at the close of the 17th century, was a pupil of
his father, Johann Gbobg Waxschlungeb, and
like him devoted himself to painting, landscapes
with animals, flowers, fruit, and dead game, in
the manner of Weenix. Examples of his works
are to seen in the Nj'mphenburg and Sohleiasheim
Galleries. He died in 1724.

WAY, Johan Wilhelm Cael, a Swedish painter,
was born in 1792, and died in 1873. There is
a portrait by him of Queen Ddsir^e, wife of Charles
XIV. of Sweden, in the Stockholm Gallery.

WEBB, Duncan, an English engraver, was born
at the end of the 18th century. He worked chiefly
on pictures of dogs and horses, and had gained a
very considerable reputation, when he fell down
dead in the street, in 1832.

WEBB, Westfield, an English portrait painter,
who practised in St. Martin's Lane about the
middle of the 18th century. He was a Fellow of
the Society of Artists, with whom he exhibited
portraits, landscapes, and flower-subjects from
1762 to 1772. He is believed to have died soon
after the latter date.

WEBBER, John, (originally Weber,) landscape
painter, was born in London in 1752. His father,
who was a sculptor, was a native of Berne,
Switzerland, and sent his son when young to Paris,
where he received part of his education as an
artist. On his return to London in 1775, he
studied at the Royal Academy. Having acquired
a considerable reputation as a topographical
draughtsman, he was appointed draughtsman to
accompany Captain Cook, in the last voyage he
made to the South Seas. From this voyage he
returned in 1780, when he was employed by the




Webster '

Lords of the Admiralty to superintend the engrav-
ing of the prints from his own drawings. This
concluded, he published, on his own account, a
set of views of the principal places he had visited.
They were etched, aquatinted, and printed in

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 182 of 201)