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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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LOBTHENER, Stephan. See Lochner.

LOFFLER, August, a Bavarian landscape painter
and engraver, was bom at Munich in 1822. He
was first instructed by Heinrioh Adam, but he
afterwards imitated Rottmann. In 1846 he visited
Triest and Upper Italy; in 1849 the East, especially
Cairo and the Holy Land ; in 1853 Greece ; and
in 1856 Milan and Venice, which countries and
cities he treated with distinction in his paintings.
He died at Munich in 1866. Among his best
landscapes are :

The Cartoon of the Hunt.

( {Far King
Jerusalem. ) Frederick

The Source of the Lykus on Lebanon.") William IV.)


The Palm Forest of Cairo. {For King William of

The Euins of Jerusalem. {Stuttgart Gallery.)

The Lord appearing to Elijah.
The Gulf of Navarino.
Lake Gennesareth. 1860.

The Road to Eleusis.
The Temple at Baalbec.
Lakes Garda and Kochel. 1861.
Bethany. 1862.

Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. 1863.
Four large Forest Landscapes for Bad Kochel.

Among his etchings may be mentioned two views
of Athens.

LOFVERS, Hbndeick, the son of Pieter Lofvers,
was born in 1739, and was instructed by his father.
He painted marine subjects, fruit, and flowers,
and died at Groningen in 1805.

LOFVERS, Pieter, born at Groningen in 1710,
was a scholar of J. A. Wassenburg, and painted
sea views with great ability. His pictures were
formerly in great request in England, France, and
Hamburg. He died in 1788.

LOGGAN, David, was bom at Dantsio about
the year 1630. He is said to have received his
instruction in engraving from Simon van de Passe,
in Denmark, and afterwards passing through Hol-
land, he studied under Hendrik Hond, and came
to England before the Restoration. He was first
employed in engraving views of the public build-
ings of the University of Oxford, which were pub-
lished in 1675, in a folio volume, under the title
of ' Oxonia Illustrata,' and comprised forty-four
plates. He also engraved and published a similar
volume for Cambridge (' Cantabrigia Illustrata ') in
1688, comprising thirty plates. He executed also
a set of eleven plates, entitled, ' Habitus Academi-
corura Oxoniffi a Doctore usque ad Servientem,'
which form a distinct series from the plates of cos-
tumes engraved in the ' Oxonia Illustrata.' He died
in London in 1693. There are a great number of
portraits by him, which are esteemed his best
works. They are generally executed with the
graver in a neat but formal style, and signed
2>. L. The following are the principal :

Charles I., on horseback.

Queen Henrietta Maria.

Charles IL ; four plates.

Queen Catharine of Braganza.

James, Duke of York.

George Monck, Duke of Albemarle.

Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice.

Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon.

James Stanley, Earl of Derby.

Lord-Keeper Guilford.

James, Duke of Monmouth.

James, Duke of Ormond.

Nathaniel, Lord Crew, Bishop of Durham.

William Sanoroft, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Sir Henry Pope Blount.

John Pearson, Bishop of Chester.

Sir George Wharton.

George, Prince of Denmark.

Mother Louse, of Louse-Hall ; one of his earliest prints.

John Sparrow.

William Hickes.

Peter Mews.

Thomas Isham.

Robert Stafford.

Archibald, Earl of Argyll.

Isaac Barrow.

Edward Reynolds, Bishop of Norwich.

James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh.





Peter Gunuiug, ]2ishop of Ely.

Pope Innocent XI.

John Lake, Bishop of Chichester.

Thomas Fuller.

William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Loggan was also very successful in portraits
drawn with the pencil, and he has left two painted
in oil — Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canter-
bury, and Peter Mew, Bishop of Bath and Wells.

LOHDE, Max, was horn at Berlin in 1845, and
was early made acquainted with classical beauty
by his father, who was a connoisseur. He studied
painting under Julius Schnorr at Dresden, and
Cornelius, but he afterwards attended the Academy
at Berlin, and obtained a prize in 1866 with the
' Bride of Messina.' Subsequently he travelled in
Silesia, and devoted himself especially to sgraffito
painting. He succeeded in inventing a new metliod
of hardening the chalk, and imparting increased
warmth to the colours. He earned great applause
with the four wall-paintings on the staircase of the
Sophia Gymnasium at Berlin ; they represent the
Rape of Helen,' the 'Return of Helen,' the
' Return of Agamemnon,' and the ' Arrival Home
of Ulysses.' He died at Naples in 1868.

LOIR, Alexis, the younger brother of Nicolas
Loir, was born in Paris in 1640. He was brought
up to his father's profession of a goldsmith, to
which he added that of an engraver, in which he
became eminent. He became a member of the
Academy at Paris in 1678, and died there in 1713.
He etched several plates from his brother's designs.
The following are esteemed his best works :

The Education of Marie de' Medici ; after Ruhens.

(Luxembourg Gallery.)
Time disooveriag Truth ; after the same. (The same.)
Magnificat ; after Guido.

The Fall of the Rebel Angels ; after Le Brun.
The Massacre of the Innocents ; after the same.
The Dead Christ in the lap of the Virgin ; after

The Finding of Moses ; after JV. Foussin.
Venus giving Arms to -tineas ; after the same.
The Adoration of the Kings ; after Jouvenet.
The Presentation in the Temple ; after the same.
The Descent from the Cross ; after the same.
The Virgin with the Infant sleeping ; after N. Loir.
The Holy Family ; after the same.
. Mary Magdalene praying ; after the same.
Portrait of Jean Mabillon; after Salle.

LOIR, Nicolas, a French painter and etcher,
was born in Paris in 1624. He was the son of a
goldsmith, who, perceiving his inclination for
painting, placed him under the tuition of S^bastien
Bourdon and Le Brun, with whom he studied
until he was twenty-three years of age, when he
travelled to Roine. In that city he passed two
years, and being in easy circumstances, he occu-
pied his time in contemplating, rather than in
copying, (he works of the principal masters ; and
lie possessed so retentive a memory, that on return-
ing to his apartment, he could trace sketches of the
pictures which had most attracted bis attention.
The woi-ks of Nicolas Poussin were the objects of
his particular admiration, and his best pictures
are those of an easel size, painted in the style of
that master. On his return to Paris he met with
immediate employment, and was engagefj in
several considerable works for Loiiis XIV., in the
palace of the Tuileries and at Versailles. In 1663
he was made a member of the Academy at Paris,
and painted for his picture of reception 'The Pro-
gress of Painting and Sculpture.' In the church
of St. Barthelemy is one of his best public works,


representing the 'Marriage of St. Catharine.' He
died in Paris in 1679. Many French and Dutch
artists have engraved after him. He has also left
a great number of etchings from his own designs ;
they are slightly but spiritedly executed, in the
style of a painter. They amount to one hundred
and thirteen, and are described in Robert-Dumes-
nil's ' Peintre-Graveur Fran^ais,' vol. 3. They are
signed N. L. I. F. or N. L., and among them are
the following :

Set of Twelve subjects, the Virgin and Holy Families.

The Infant Jesus embracing the Gross.

The Judgment of Paris. -

Apollo and Daphne.

Cleobis and Biton drawing the Chariot of their Mother

to the Temple of Juno.
Two large Landscapes.

LOISEL, — , a French engraver, resided at Paris
about the year 1645. He executed part of tlie
plates for the folio volume of plans and views
published by Beaulieu.

LOISY, Jean db, a son of Pierre de Loisy the
elder, was born at Besanyon in 1603. He engraved
'Les Portraits des S. S. Vertus de la Vierge con-
templees par feue S. A. S. M. Isabelle Claire
Eugenie, Infante d'Espagne,' published in 1635.

LOISY, PlEBRE DE, the elder, a French en-
graver, was born at Besanjon, and flourished in
the early part of the 17th century.

LOISY, Pierre db, the younger, a son or
nephew of Jean de Loisy, was born at Besan5on
about 1630. Among his works are several religious
subjects, the portrait of Philip IV., King of Spain,
and others.

LOLI, Lorenzo, a painter and engraver, was
born at Bologna in 1612, and died in 1691. He
is sometimes called ' Lorenzino del Signer Guido,'
from his having been a favourite disciple of that
master. He painted some pictures forthe churches
at Bologna, of which the most admired is the ' St.
Anthony of Padua,' in Santa Caterina di Strada
Maggiore. There are by this artist several etchings
after Guido and Sirani, whose school he also at-
tended, as well as from his own designs. He
sometimes signed his prints with his name, and
sometimes Z. LL. F., Lo. 'F., Laur. Lol, &c.
The following are his best prints :

The Flight into Egypt ; after Guido Bern.

The Holy Family, with St. John, in which St. Joseph is
leaning on a Pedestal ; afte^- the same.

The Holy Family, with St. Elizabeth and St. John ;
after G. A. Sirani.

The Virgin with the Infant, to whom an Angel presents
a Basket of Flowers ; after the same.

The Assumption of the Virgin ; after the same.

St. Jerome ; after the same.

The Virgin with the Infant sleeping ; after Elisahelta

Mary Magdalene, with a Crucifix ; after his own design.

The Virgin appearing to St. Francis and St. Angustine ;
after the same.

Fame flying over a Globe ; after G. A. Sirani.

Perseus and Andromeda ; after the same.

Cupid breaking his Bow ; after his own design.

Infant Bacchanalians ; after the same.

A similar subject ; after the same.

LOLMO, Giovanni Paolo, (or Ldlmo,) was bom
at Bergamo, and died about 1695. In the church
of Santa Maria Maggiore at Bergamo is a picture
of ' St. Sebastian and St. Roch,' painted in 1587,
and in the Berlin Gallery is a 'Madonna.'

LOMAZZO, Giovanni Paolo, a painter and writer
on art, was born at Mi'an in 1538, and was a scholar
of Gaudenzio Ferrari, and Giovanni Battista della




Cerva. Of his works as a painter little is known ;
and it is probable he did not paint much, as he
became blind when he was thirty-three years old,
and was chiefly occupied as an author on various
subjects. In 1584 was published at Milan his
' Trattato dell' Arte della Pittura, Scultura, ed Archi-
tettura'; in 1687 his 'Rime'; and in 1590 his
' Idea del Tempio della Pittura.' He died about the
year 1600. The following works by him remain:

Milan. Brera. Portrait of the Painter.

„ Ch. Roechinetti. The History of Melohizedek.

„ Capuchin Conv, A PietEt.

Piacenza. S. AgostiTio. Several pictures.

LOMBARD, Lambekt. See Susteeman.

LOMBARDELLI. See Della Marca.

LOMBAEDI, Giovanni Domenioo, called Omino,
was born at Lucca in 1682, and was a scholar of
Pietro Paolini, whose style he followed and im-
proved by studying the works of the best Venetian
colourists, and the style of the Carracci. He has
left two laterals in the choir of the Olivetani,
representing ' St. Bernard succouring those afflicted
with the Plague.' There are two other pictures by
hiui in San Romano, painted with such force of
colour and relief, that they approach the best style
of Gueroino. His reputation would have stood
higher if he had always painted with equal care,
and had not degraded his talents by painting
pictures at all prices. He died in 1752.

LOMBARDO, Antonio, was a painter of the Par-
mese school, who flourished at the end of the 17th
century. He is supposed to have been a pupil of
Giovanni Maria Conti, whom he assisted in decor-
ating with frescoes the oratory of Santa Croce at
Parma, and painting several figures in the church
of Sant' Illario.

LOMBART, PiEBBE, a French designer and en-
graver, was born in Paris about 1620. He is said
to have learned the principles of design under
Simon Vouet, but it is not known who instructed
him in engraving. After acquiring some reputa-
tion at Paris he came to England, some time be-
fore the Restoration, as he engraved a portrait of
the Protector ; a frontispiece to Ogilby's ' Virgil,'
published in 1654 ; a title to a small octavo, in
1658 ; and Sir Robert Stapleton's portrait for his
'Juvenal,' before 1660. His latest known work
bears the date 1672, after which he returned to
Paris, and died there in 1681. During his stay in
this country he was chiefly employed by the book-
sellers, for whom he executed a great number of
subjects, as well as portraits, which are his best
works. The following are his principal plates :


A set of twelve plates, half-length, two of the Barl of
Arundel and Earl of Pembroke, and ten of Ladies,
called ' The Countesses ' ; after Van Dyck.

Charles I., on horseback; after the sam". After the
death of that monarch, the head of Cromwell was
substituted for that of the King, but the latter was
restored after the ilestoi-ation.

Oliver Cromwell, with his Page ; after Walker.

Robert "Walker, the painter ; after the same.

Sir Samuel Morland ; after Lely.

Anne Hyde, Duchess of York ; after the same.

Brian Walton, Bishop of Chester.

Jeremy Taylor, Bishop of Down.

De La Fond, called ' Le Gazetier de HoUande ; ' after
H. Gascard. 1667.

Samuel Malines ; after Claret.

Sir Henry Wootton.

Dr. Charlton.

John Ogill y.

The Emperor Charles V.

Dr. Donne.

■William Caitwright.

Charles Emmanuel II., Duke of Savoy.


St. Michael vanquishing Satan ; after Eapliael.
The Virgin and Infant Jesus ; after Annihale Carracci.
The Nativity, or Adoration of the Shepherds ; after N.

The Last Supper ; after the same.
The Angel appearing to St. Joseph ; after Philippe de

The Crucifixion ; after the same.
The Holy Family ; after C. Le Feme.

LOMI, Alessandro. See Loni.

LOMI, Aubelio, was born at Pisa in 1556, and
was first a disciple either of his father Giovanni
Battista Lomi, or else of Bronzino, but he afterwards
studied under Lodovico Cardi, called Cigoli, and is
considered as the head of the Pisanese school. His
fresco works in the cathedral at Pisa partake of
the style of both Bronzino and Cigoli. Of his
numerous works in Florence, the most worthy of
notice are his picture of 'St. Anthony of Padua,'
at the Franciscans, and his ' Last Judgment,' in the
church of Santa Maria di Carignano. Less strik-
ingly efEective, but esteemed by tlie Pisanese as
his chef-d'oeuvre, is his ' St. Jerome,' in the church
of the Gampo Santo at Pisa, which is marked with
his initials and the date 1595. He died in 1622.

LOMI, Baccio, was an Italian painter, born at
Pisa, who flourished about 1585. He was a pupil
of Taddeo Zucohero, whose style he followed. His
chief work is an ' Assumption ' in the chapter-
house of the cathedral of Pisa.

LOMI, Obazio. See Gentileschi.

LOMMELIN, Adrien, an engraver, was born at
Amiens about the year 1636, and was instructed in
engraving at A-ntwerp, where he passed the greater
part of his life. He has left plates of a number of
the works of Rubens, but very indifEerently exe-
cuted. The portraits he engraved, after Van Dyck,
however, are not without merit. The following
are his principal plates :

poetbaits after van dyck.
Charles I.

Ferdinand of Austria, Governor of the Low Countries.
Jacob Le Roi, Seigneur of Herbaix.
J. C. de La Faille, Senator of Antwerp.
Alexander de La Faille, Jesuit.
Zegher van Hontsum, Canon of Antwerp.
Adrian Stevens, Ecclesiastic.
J. Malderus, Bishop of Antwerp.
Jan De "Wael, painter, of Antwerp.
Jan Baptist de Bisthoven, Jesuit ; one of his best prints.

Abigail appeasing David with her presents.
The Adoration of the Magi.
The Circumcision.
The Baptism of Christ.
Christ washing the Feet of His Apostles.
Christ appearing to Mary Magdalene.
The Triumph of Charity.
Time discovering Truth.
The Assumption of the Virgin.
St. Cecilia.
The Judgment of Paris.

Christ taken in the Garden ; after Van Dyck.
The Virgin and Infant, with the Four Doctors of the
Church ; after Diepenheck.

LONARDINO. See Ferrari, Leonardo.

LONDERSEEL, Assuebus van, an engraver
on wood and copper, was born at Amsterdam in
1548, and died after 1699. He executed several





small woodcuts in a very neat style, resembling
that of Virgil Solis, as well as some Bible illustrations
and some small outs for a ' Herbal,' by Matthias de
L'Obel. He also executed the woodcuts for ' The
Voyage and Travels o£ Nicolas de Nicolay into
Turkey,' published at Antwerp in 1576. On copper
he engraved a series of ornaments for jewellers, in
the style of the German Little Masters. He usually
marked his prints with one of these monograms :

LONDEESEEL, Jan van, a Elemish engraver,
was born at Bruges in 1582. There are by this
artist several plates of landscapes, and other sub-
jects, engraved in a stiff, formal style, after Marten
De Vos, Coninxlo, Vinckeboons, Goltzius, and Hen-
drik Arts. His prints are executed with the graver,
and some of them possess considerable merit. He
usually signed them with his name abbreviated,
/. Land, or J. Londer fee. Among others the
following are by him:

faith, Hope, and Charity; represented by allegorical

figures ; from his own designs.
The Five Senses, emblemabically represented ; the same.
A set of Landscapes, with figures ; after J. Savary.
Four Landscapes, with biblical subjects; after G. De

Four Landscapes, with the same ; after G. van Coninxlo.
Kine Landscapes, with the same ; after D. Vinckeboons.
A View of the interior of St. John Lateran ; after

Hendrik Arts.

LONDONIO, Francesco, an Italian -painter and
engraver, was born at Milan in 1723. He was in-
structed by Ferdinando Porta, and at first attempted
historical painting, but abandoned that branch for
landscapes with animals, in which he was much
more successful. His pastoral subjects are highly
esteemed at Milan, Genoa, and Napies, where they
are found in the best collections. He also etched
about seventy plates of landscapes, with figures
and cattle, from his own designs, having been in-
structed in this branch by Benigno Bossi. They
are executed in a spirited style, though his fidelity
to nature seems to have led him to a selection of
the ugliest objects. In the Brera at Milan are five
examples of his art. He died in 1783.

LONG, John St. John, an engraver, was born
in Ireland in 1797. He received some assistance
from John Martin, and acted as an assistant to
Ottley. He then took to painting, iind in 1825
exhibited at Suffolk Street ' Elijah comforted by an
Angel,' 'The Temptation,' and 'Abraham enter-
taining an Angel.' His last occupation was that
of quack doctor. He died in London in 1834, and
was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery.

LONGHI, Alessandeo, a Venetian painter and
engraver, born at Venice in 1733, was the son of
Pietro Longhi. He was a scholar of Giuseppe
Nogari, and is chiefly known as a portrait painter.
In 1763 he published a volume of the ' Lives of the
modern Venetian Artists,' with portraits etched by
himself. He etched several other plates of various
subjects. He died in 1813. Among others, there
are the following prints by him :

Giacomo Amiconi.
Antonio Balestra.
Sebastiano Kicci.
Giovanni Battista Piazzetta.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.

A Venetian Masqnerade.
A Gondolier dancing with a Lady.

A Quack Doctor on bis stage.
A Moor beating a Drum.
The Philosopher Pythagoras.

LONGHI, Antonio. See Veneziano.

LONGHI, Barbara, thedaughter of Luca Longhi,
was born at Ravenna in 1552, and was st^l living
in 1619. The Castellani Collection possessed a pic-
ture by her dated 1689. There also exist by her :
Paris. Louwe. Virgin and Child.

Ravenna. Academy. St. Monica.

„ „ St. Judith.

„ „ The Sacristy of San Vitale.

„ „ The Healing of St. Agatha.

I, „ St. Dominick.

„ . „ St. Catharine and St. Agues.

LONGHI, Francesco, the son and scholar of
Luca Longhi, was born in 1544, and died in
1618. He painted history and portraits in the style
of bis father, though greatly inferior to him. One
of bis best pictures is in the church of the Car-
melites at Ravenna. Other werks by him are :
Kavenna. San Vitale. Annunciation,

„ „ Virgin and Saints.

„ S. Gio. Battista. Madonna and Saints.

LONGHI, Giuseppe, an Italian painter, and one
of the most distinguished engravers of recent
times, was born at Monza in 1766. His father
was a silk mercer, and intended his son for the
Church I but, through his own determination,
Giuseppe was finally placed with the FlorenT
tine engraver, Vincenzo Vangelisti, professor in
the Brera at Milan, and the Florentine painter,
Giulio Travallesi. He studied afterwards, for
some time, in Rome, where he became acquainted
with Raffaello Morghen. Longhi soon obtained a
reputation for himself by his print from the ' Genius
of Music,' a picture by Guido, in the Chigi Palace.
After his return to Milan he was chiefly employed
in miniature painting, until he was ordered by
Napoleon to make an engraving from Groa's por-
trait of him. About the same time (1798) he
was appointed to succeed Vangelisti as professor
of engraving in the Academy of the Brera, to
which, during Longhi's professorship, many dis-
tinguished engravers of the present century in
Italy owe their education. Among his principal
works are, ' The Vision of Ezekiel,' ' The Sposalizio,
or Marriage of the Virgin,' and a ' Holy Family,'
all after Raphael ; ' The Entombment,' and ' St.
Jerome,' after D. Crespi ; ' The Reading Magda-
lene,' after Correggio ; ' The Madonna del Lago,'
after Leonardo da Vinci ; ' Galatea,' after Albani ;
and many heads after Rembrandt. It would
occupy too much space to enumerate all the pro-
ductions of Longhi's graver worthy of being
specified. In the fine series of portraits pub-
lished at Milan, under the title ' Vite 6 Ritratti
di Illustri Italiani,' he engraved the portraits of
Napoleon, with tbe iron crown on his head, as
King of Italy ; Michelangelo Buonarroti ; and
Enrico Dandnlo, Doge of Venice: all superb in
execution. But his ' Fasti di Napoleone il Grande '
must not be omitted. This beautiful work, after
the designs of Appiani, was executed in part by
Longhi, and the whole of it, as far as it exists,
under his direction. Six of the plates were en-
graved entirely by him, in what the Italians call
the semilibero manner ; five of them represent
' The Battle of Marengo ' ; tbe sixth, ' Time with
the Pates ' : the rest are by Michele Bisi, Giuseppe
Benagiia, and tbe two brothers Rosaspina, all
worthy disciples of this great master. This work
is especially deserving of notice, as having been


TAiNTERs And engravers.


executed at the expense of the Emperor Napoleon.
It is said that, not being completed at the time o£
his abdication, its further progress was forbidden,
and the plates destroyed. He commenced in 1827
the engraving of the ' Last Judgment,' after Michel-
angelo, from a drawing by Minardi, but died with-
out finishing it. The ' Madonna del Velo,' after
Raphael, he also left unfinished, but it was com-
pleted in 1834 by his pupil the Cavaliere Toschi.
Longhi died of apoplexy at Milan in 1831. Among
his other works are :

Bonaparte at Arcole ; after Grot.

The Good Samaritan ; aper Bemtrandt.

The Philosopher ; after the same.

The Old Man ; aft^r the same.

The Laughing Negro ; aftei' the same.

St. Joseph carrying the Infant Jesus ; after Guido Beni.

The Triumph of Scipio ; after Matteini.

The Virgin ; after Carlo tlolci.

The Eepose in Egypt ; after Procaedni.

The Beheading of St. John the Baptist ; after G. Dm.

Louis XIV. ; after Bermc.

Eugene Beauharnais ; after Girard.

Lady Burghersh and Child ; aftfr Sir TJtomas Lawrence.

Pan pursuing Syrinx ; after his own design.

Portraits of Appiani, Washington, Giovanni Longhi,
Carlo Portia, and Francis I. of Austria.

LONGHI, LucA, was born at Ravenna in 1507.
Tliere are several of his historical works in the
churches of Ravenna, Perrara, and Mantua. In
the church of San Benedetto at Perrara is a
picture by him representing the ' Circumcision ' ;
but his principal works. Madonnas with Saints,
are in the churches of San Vitale, Sant' Agata,
and San Domenico at Ravenna. His compositioiis
are generally confined to a few figures, but his
pictures are highly finished, and very agreeably
coloured. He also distinguished himself as a por-
trait painter. He died at Ravenna in 1580. In the

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