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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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military subjects. He eventually took to historical
painting on an enormous scale, and in a preposter-
ously exaggerated style. He lived successively at
Carlsruhe, and at Vienna, where he was a prominent
figure in art circles, and where he died in 1885.
A typical example of his art is in the Natural
History Museum at Vienna.

CASEY, Daniel, a French historical painter, was
a pupil of Wappers, in whose atelier at Antwerp
he was a fellow-student with Mr. Ford Madox
Brown. He first exhibited at the Salon of 1842,
when he contributed a ' St. Louis in the Desert,
near Damietta,' which was bought by the Govern-
ment, and is now in the Bordeaux Museum. He
exhibited constantly in Paris and Belgium, and
became known as a powerful painter of ambitious
themes, excelling especially in his rendering of
horses. Casey died in Paris, December 27, 1886.

CATHELINAUX, Chbistophe, a French painter
of dogs and other animals, born at Warcq (Meuse)
in 1819, was a pupil of Drolling, and entered the
liicole des Beaux Arts in 1839. He exhibited at
the Salon from 1857 onwards. He died in 1883.

CLEMENT, P^Lix Atjudste, was born at Dou-
zlre, DrSme, in 1826. He was a pupil of Drolling
and Picot, and obtained the first prix de Rome in
1856. He settled in Cairo, and contributed pictures
of Oriental subjects to the Salon. Later in life he
painted French landscapes and some portraits.
He died in 1888.

CLINT, Alfred, painter, bom in 1807, was the
son and pupil of George Clint, A.R.A. He first
appeared at the Academy in 1829, vsdth ' A Study
from Nature,' and several of his later works were
exhibited with that body. He contributed more
frequently, however, to the shows of the British
Artists, of which society he became a member in
1843, secretary in 1858, and president in 1870. He
painted a few portraits early in his career, but his
popularity rested chiefly on his landscapes and
coast studies. In 1849 he published a 'Guide to
Oil Painting.' He died in 1883.

COLAS, Alphonse, a French historical and por-
trait painter, was born at Lille in 1818, and studied
under Souohon at the school of his native town.
He first attracted attention by a. large canvas at
the Salon of 1849, representing the ' Raising of the
Cross.' He was much employed as a decorative
painter in French churches, a good specimen of his
work in this genre being his paintings in




in the cupola of the Eglise de Notre Dame at
Eouhaix. He held the post of director of the art
school of Lille, where he died in 1887. His por-
trait of Souohon is in the Lille Museum.

COLE, Geokqe, painter, was born in 1808. He
was entirely self-taught, and began life at Ports-
mouth as a painter of portraits and animals. He
finally, however, devoted himself to landscape, and
settled in London. He first exhibited in 1840, and
was afterwards a pretty constant contributor to the
Old British Institution, and, later, to the Suffolk
Street Exhibitions. He died September 7, 1883.

COLLIER. See above, Monkswell.

COLLIER, Marian, an English amateur painter,
was the daughter of Professor Huxley. In 1879
she married Mr. John Collier. She painted figure
pictures, and occasionally exhibited at the Academy
and the Grosvenor Gallery. She died November
18, 1887.

CORBAUX, Fanny, water-colour painter, was
bom in 1812. In 1827, after being self-taught, she
gained the silver medal of the Society of Arts, and
in 1830 the gold medal. She was the same year
elected an honorary member of the Society of
British Artists, and in 1839 a member of the
Institute of Painters in Water-Colours. She was
further known as a student of and writer on
Oriental subjects and biblical exegesis, and was
granted a Civil List pension. She died at Brighton,
February 1, 1883.

COT, PlEEBE AtTQTJSTE, painter, bom at Bddarieux
(Herault) February 17, 1837, was a pupil of Buret
and of L6on Cogniet. He painted mythological
subjects, and also enjoyed a considerable reputation
for his portraits. He died in July, 1883.

COUSINS, Hbnby, the brother of Samuel Cousins,
was also an engraver, and practised in London.
He engraved many portraits in mezzotint, and
some other plates ; among them ' Refreshment,'
after Landseer ; ' Prayer,' after Sant ; ' The Infant
Shakespeare,' after Romney ; and ' Home of the
Homeless,' after T. Faed. He died at Dorking in

COUSINS, Samhel, mezzotint engraver, was
born at Exeter, May 9, 1801, and received his
early education in his native city. He is said to
have astonished his friends while still a child by
the truth and spirit of the portraits he was con-
stantly drawing in pencil. At the age of eleven
he gained a silver palette from the Society of Arts
for a pencil copy of James Heath's plate of the
_' Good Shepherd,' after Murillo, and in the follow-
ing year won the Society's silver medal. His vo-
cation was determined by a chance meeting with
the late Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, who saw the
boy sketching outside a printseller's window in
Exeter. Recognizing the precocious talent of the
copyist, he helped him to London, where he was
apprenticed to S. W. Reynolds. After working as
an apprentice for seven years. Cousins remained
with Reynolds four years as assistant, and a
few plates of this date bear the joint signature
of master and pupil. Cousins' first independent
work was a commission from Sir T. Dyke Acland
for a plate after Lawrence's group of Lady Acland
and her children. Lawrence was so pleased with
the result that he wished to engage the young en-
graver to work exclusively for him. This, how-
ever, Cousins would not agree to. He, however,
undertook a second plate after Lawrence, the
famous ' Master Lambton,' which at once secured
his reputation. In 1835 he was elected associate

engraver of the Royal Academy, and in 1855 a
Royal Academician. About 1872, being then over
seventy years old. Cousins determined to retire
from his profession. After a short terra of idleness,
however, he again took up the graver, and to this
late period of his life belong such masterpieces as
the 'Age of Innocence,' 'Penelope Boothby,' ' Sim-
plicity,' and other plates after Sir Joshua, 'Miss
Rich,| after Hogarth, and 'Cherry Ripe,' after
Millais. During his long career he had amassed a
fortune much in excess of his modest needs, and
about ten years before his death he made a generous
donation of £15,000 to the Royal Academy, to be
used as a fund for pensioning destitute artists.
In 1880 he retired from the Academy. He died in
London, May 7, 1887. Some years before he had
presented to the British Museum a (then) complete
set of impressions from his plates, containing some
very rare states. His <euvre consists in all of
about two hundred plates, of which the following
are famous examples :

Prince Metternich ; after Lawrence. 1827.
Pius VII. ; after the same.
Duke of "Wellington ; after the same. 1828.
Sir Astley Cooper ; after the same.
Lady Grey and Children ; after the same.
Miss Peel ; after the same.
Lady Grosvenor ; after the same.
WiUiam Wilberforce ; after the same.
Bolton Abbey ; after landseer.
The Abercorn Family ; after the same.
The Queen ; after the same.
Eeturn from Hawking ; after the same.
The Queen receiving the Sacrament ; after the same.
Christ weeping over Jerusalem ; after Sir C. Eaatlake.
Shakespeare, after the Chandos portrait.
The Order of Eelease ; after Millais.
The Minuet ; after the same.
Yes or No ? after the same.
Yes ! after the same.
No ! after the same.
' Pomona ; after the same.
Marie Antoinette in the Temple ; after E. M. Ward.
Miss Bowles ; after Reyiwlis. 1874.
Lady C. Montagu ; after the same.
Sylvia ; after the same.
Hon. Anne Bingham ; after the same.
Lavinia ; after the same.

Princess Sophia of Gloucester ; after the same.
Duchess of Butlajid ; after the same.
Countess Spencer ; after the same.

COX, David, the younger, the only child of
David Cox the elder, was born at Dulwich in 1808.
He was a pupil and imitator of his father. Though
a good master, and socially a well-known figure,
he never attained to much reputation as an artist.
In 1849 he was elected an Associate Exhibitor of
the Society of Painters in Water-Colours. He died
December 4, 1885.

CRAWFORD, Edmund Thornton, a Scottish
landscape painter, was born at Cowden, near
Dalkeith, in 1806. His father was a land surveyor,
and Crawford was apprenticed when a boy to a
house-painter in Edinburgh. Shortly afterwards,
however, his indentures were cancelled, and he
entered the Trustees' Academy, then under Andrew
Wilson. In 1833 he paid the first of several visits
to Holland. In 1839 he was elected an associate,
and in 1848 a full member of the Scottish Academy.
He died at Lasswade on September 29, 1885.
His art was closely akin to that of Thomson of
Duddingston. Works :

Bdiuburgh. S. Nat. Gall. Group of Trees.

„ „ Coast scene, North Berwick.

„ „ Close hauled, crossing the Bar.





CZERNY, LtJDOVlc, an Austrian painter, and
professor of the Academy, died at Vienna in
January, 1889, aged sixty-nine.

DANBY, Thomas, marine painter, was the son
of Francis Danby, A.R.A., and was born in Ireland,
but spent his early youth chiefly at Bristol, where
his father practised and taught drawing. He first
exhibited in London in 1841, when he sent a small
oil picture, 'The Wreck,' to the British Institution,
and in 1843 he appeared at the Royal Academy
with an illustration of one of Wordsworth's poems.
He was elected an associate of the Society of
Painters in Water-Colours in 1867, and became a
full member in 1870. He died March 26, 1886.

DANIELS, William, painter, born about 1812,
was the son of a brickmaker at Liverpool, and first
showed his artistic talent by modelling figures in
clay. He studied drawing at the Liyerpool Insti-
tution, and was then apprenticed to an engraver on
wood, painting portraits and effects of chiaroscuro
in his leisure. At the close of his apprenticeship
he set up as a painter in his native town, and
might have risen to eminence in his art but for his
fondness for drink and for jovial company. He
died in Liverpool, October 13th, 1880. There are
five portraits by him in the South Kensington'
Museum, among them those of George Stephenson,
and Charles Kean as Hamlet. See ' Magazine of
Art,' June, 1882.

DARBY, Matthew, engraver and caricaturist,
practised in London and at Bath in the second half
of the 18th century. He kept a shop in the Strand
for the sale of artists' materials, and advertised
himself as a teacher of engraving. Anthony
Pasquin was one of his pupils. He also published
comic drawings, among them some of H. W. Bun-
bury's early works, and a series of ' Caricatures ' by
various hands. He himself is said to have produced
about three hundred caricatures.

DAUBIGNY, Karl Pierre, the son of the
famous landscape painter, was a pupil and imitator
of his father, and painted the same class of subjects.
Born in Paris in 1846, he gained medals in 1868
and 1874, and died in May, 1886.

DE BRABKELEER, Eerdinandus, historical
painter, was born at Antwerp in 1792. He was the
son of Jean Ferdinand Joseph de Braekeleer and
of Jeanne Bernardino Antoinette Seghers. He
studied at the Antwerp Academy, and under M.
J. van Bree. In 1819 he won the grand prize of
the Academy, with the pension for Rome. He
spent three years in Italy, painting historical
pictures (' Healing of Tobias,' ' Esau and Isaac ')
in the manner of David. After his return to
Antwerp he perfected a manner of his own, in
which he painted genre subjects, scenes from
Belgian history, &c. He died in 1883, at Antwerp.
Among his pupils were Leys, Jacobs, De Block,
and others. Pictures by him are in the Galleries
of Antwerp, Berlin, and Munich.

DE BRAEKELEER, Fbrdinandus, son of the
last named, was born at Antwerp in 1829, and had
shown some promise as a genre painter, when he
died at the age of twenty-eight, in 1857. Another
brother, Henri, born in 1840 at Antwerp, was a
painter of genre, and died in 1888.

DE KEYSER, Nicaise, a Flemish painter, was
born at Santvliet, near Antwerp, in 1813. He was
a pupil of J. Jacops and of Van Brde, and distin-
guished himself by his battle-pieces, &c., in the
manner of Wappers and the reactionaries of 1830.

In 1855 he became director of the Academy of
Antwerp. He died in 1887.

DEL LUPINO. See above, LniNl.

DEMARNB, Jean Louis De Marnbtte, painter
and etcher, bom in Brussels in 1754, was the son
of a Belgian officer, and of his wife, the Baroness
Ansohiitz. When only twelve years old, he was
sent to Paris, and studied in the atelier of Gabriel
Briard. He became a successful painter of land-
scapes with figures or cattle, in the manner of
Berchera and Karel Dujardin. He also etched thirty-
eight plates of similar subjects. He practised in
Paris, making occasional journeys in Switzerland.
In 1783 he became a member of the Acad^mie des
Beaux Arts. He was long employed as painter to
the Sevres porcelain factory. He died at Batig-
nolles in 1829. In the Hermitage at Petersburg
there are five of his pictures, and several were in the
San Donato Collection at Florence.

DE MOMPER. See above, Mompek.

DEROCHE, Victor, a French landscape painter
of some note, was bom at Lyons in 1824 (?). He
was aj frequent exhibitor at the Salon of pictures
illustrating the beauties of the Seine, and generally
somewhat- melancholy in sentiment. He lived for
many years at Montigny, near Vemon-sur-Seine,
and died in 1886.

DBSSURNE, Mark, painter, born in 1825, was
a student and frequent exhibitor at the Royal
Academy. He also contributed to the Suffolk
Street and British Institution galleries between
1840 and 1870, and held an art mastership in
connection with the Glasgow school of design for
many years. He died May 4, 1885.

DICEY, Frank, an English painter of portraits,
and of genre subjects of a somewhat ambitious
class, exhibited at the Academy and with the
British Artists between 1865 and 1880. A portrait
by him of the Prince of Wales was engraved by
Scott. Dicey died in May, 1888.

DONALD, John Milne, a Scottish landscape
painter, was bom at Nairn in 1819. His parents
settled at Glasgow shortly after his birth, and he
was educated and received his first art teaching
in that city. In 1840 he visited Paris, and then
London, where he remained until 1844. In London
he made the acquaintance of Samuel Rogers, who
encouraged him and gave him commissions for
two pictures. In 1844 he established himself at
Glasgow, where he worked till his death in 1866.
His pictures failed to attract much notice in his
lifetime, and sold for small prices. Like many of
his contemporaries, he was glad occasionally to
paint panels for ships built on the Clyde. Of late
years many of these have been transferred to
canvas, and sold for considerable sums. His land-
scapes usually represent distant mountains with
foregrounds of pasture land and flocks of sheep.
They are chiefly to be found in small private
collections in Glasgow and its neighbourhood;

DOO, George Thomas, an English engraver,
was born in January, 1800. He studied under
Charles Heath, and published his first plate, a
portrait of the Duke of York, after Lawrence, in
1824. In 1825 he visited Paris, and spent some
time in the ateliers of the French engravers. On
his return to London he opened a school in the
Savoy, for study both from the life and from the
antique. He also lectured upon painting. In 1836
he was appointed engraver in ordinary to William
IV., and in 1842 to Queen Victoria. In 1866 he was
elected an associate of the Royal Academy, and ia




1857 a full member. In 1861 Doo became presi-
dent of the Artists' Annuity Eund, and in 1863
he was a witness before the Eoyal Academy Com-
mission at Westminster. He died at Sutton,
Surrey, November 13, 1886. Among his best plates

The Infant Christ ; after Saphael.

' Ecce Homo ; ' after Correggio.

The Combat ; after Etty.

John Knox preaching ; after TVilkie.

Pilgrims in sight of Home ; after Eastlake.

The Raising of Lazarus ; after Seb. del Fiomho.

St. Augustine and St. Monica ; after Ary Scheff»r.

Torick and the Grisette ; after Newton.

' Gevartius ' (Cornelius van der Geest) ; after Vandyeh.

The Calmady Children ; after Lawrence.

Six plates for the ' Elgin Marbles,' published by the

trustees of the British Museum.
Several plates in Jones's ' Natioual Gallery.'

DOVE, Thomas, marine painter, began life as a
house-painter, but later entered the studio of
George Chambers, with whom he worked for some
time. His pictures were chiefly scenes from
Liverpool or its neighbourhood, and he became
well known in the north of England. Reduced to
poverty in his old age, he died in the Whitby
Workhouse, in January, 1887.

DOYLE, RioHAED, draughtsman and caricaturist,
was born in London, September, 1824. He was
the second son of John Doyle (H. B.), who taught
him from early childhood, and to such purpose
that at the age of sixteen the boy was already an
accomplished draughtsman. A remarkable speci-
men of his early powers is preserved in the British
Museum. It is a MS. journal, illustrated with a
large number of humorous and fanciful sketches.
(This work was published in facsimile by Smith,
Elder and Co., in 1885.) Other productions of
about the same date were, 'The Eglinton Tourna-
ment,' and ' A Grand Historical, Allegorical, and
Classical Procession.' In 1843, two years after the
establishment of 'Punch,' Doyle, then nineteen
years old, was permanently engaged on the staff.
He soon attracted attention by bis cartoons of lead-
ing statesmen, and later by a series of humorous
designs called ' Manners and Customs of ye Eng-
lyshe, drawn from ye Quick by Richard Doyle.'
Akin to these were the 'Bird's-eye Views of Society,'
contributed to the ' Cornhill Magazine.' One of his
happiest contributions to 'Punch' was the now
familiar cover. Besides work of this importance,
Doyle further contributed to ' Punch ' innumerable
small drawings, initials, and culs de lampe. His
connection with the periodical came to an end in
1850, when conscientious scruples caused him to
resign his post. A sincere Roman Catholic, he
felt it unseemly to associate himself with attacks
directed against Papal aggression. Henceforward
he worked as an illustrator of books, and as a
painter in water-colours. His original drawings
were chiefly of Welsh and Devon scenery, into
which he loved to introduce gracefully fantastic
figures of fairies, gnomes, and pixies. Among such
the most important examples are :

The Triumphant Entry, a Fairy Pageant. (Nat. Gal.

The Witch's Home. [Two drawings.)
The Manners and Customs of Monkeys. {Both in the

South Kensington Museum.)

Doyle was seized with apoplexy at the Athenaeum
Club, December 10, 1883, and died on the next
day. Among the books illustrated by him are :

Thackeray's ' Rebecca and Eowena.' 1850.

Euskin's ' King of the Golden Elver.' 1851.

' The Foreign Tour of Brown, Jones, and Eobinson.'

1854. (Begun in 'Punch.')
Thackeray's ' Newcomes.' 1853-5.
'In Fairy Land.' Elfin scenes, with verses by Mr.

William AUingbam. 1870.
Dickens' ' Battle of Life.'
Leigh Hunt's ' Jar of Honey from Mount Hybla.'

A number of his miscellaneous sketches are pre-
served in the British Museum, and in the Fitz-
william Museum at Cambridge.

DREUX, Alfred de, was born in Paris in 1808.
He was a pupil of L^on Cogniet, and became a
fashionable painter of race-horses and of equestrian
portraits. Many of his pictures have been engraved.
Among the best known are: 'The Postilion'
(1836), 'The Imperial Guard' (1855), 'Equestrian
Portrait of the Duo de Nemours' (1844), and several
large hunting-pieces. He died in 1860.

DUVAL, Amauey, painter, was born at Mont-
rouge, Paris, in 1808. In 1826 he entered the
atelier of Ingres, and afterwards travelled in
Greece, where he made nutnerous studies and
sketches. In 1834 he exhibited at the Salon hia
' Greek Shepherd discovering a Bas-relief,' and
soon became favourably known as an able exponent
of his master's traditions. His portrait of ' Rachel
as the Tragic Muse,' contributed to the Exhibition
of 1856, attracted considerable attention. He
painted various pictures for Parisian churches,
and executed some decorations in St. Germain
I'Auxerrois. He died in December, 1885.

DUVAUX, Jules Antoine, painter and etcher,
born at Bordeaux in 1818, was a pupil of Charlet,
and a painter of battles and military subjects
generally. Several of his pictures are in the Ver-
sailles Museum. He also worked much as an
illustrative draughtsman and etcher for various
publications. He died in 1884.

DYCKMANS, Josef Laueens, a Flemish painter,
was born at Lierre in 1811. He was a pupil of
Tielemans and Wappers. He painted genre pic-
tures, portraits in small, &c., in a style of the
minutest finish. He was Professor in the Antwerp
Academy, and died in 1888. Pictures :

The Blind Beggar. {National Galleri/.)
Portrait Group. (South Kensington Museum.)

EBERT, Kael, landscape painter, was born at
Stuttgart in 1821, and studied there under Stein-
kopf, as well as at Munich. He died in 1885. In
the Stuttgart Gallery there are two pictures by

FAHEY, James, painter, was born at Paddington,
April 16, 1804. He was intended for an engraver,
and studied for a time under Swaine, who was his
uncle. He afterwards worked in Munich and
Paris, where he was employed as a surgical
draughtsman. He exhibited a portrait at the
Academy in 1825, but shortly afterwards devoted
himself to landscape in water-colours. In 1834 he
joined the short-lived Associated Painters in Water-
Colours, and in the following year he, with other
leading members of that body, formed the ' New
Society,' now the Institute of Painters in Water-
Colours. He was for more than forty years
secretary to the society. In 1856 he was appointed
drawing-master at Merchant Taylors' School,
whence, after twenty-seven years, he retired on a
pension. He died December 19, 1'885.





PAURE, Tito's, a French painter, and pupil of
Eugene Delacroix, was a native of Toulouse. His
first contribution to the Salon was a picture called
'L'Ofirrande,' exhibited in 1857. He was for many
years Professor at the Art School of his native
town, where he died in 1887.

FAVRETTO, Giacomo, painter, was bom at
Venice in 1849. He was one of the ablest of the
little knot of Venetian painters whose practice is
founded more or less on the water-colours of Lud-
wig Passini. His pictures are generally market-
scenes, and are notable for the skill with which
positive greens are employed. Towards the end
of his life his works became popular in London.
The best perhaps is ' A Clothes Market in Venice.'
He died at Venice in 1887.

PEYEN-PERRIN, FBAugois Nicolas Augustin,
painter, was born in 1829 at Bey-sur-Seille (Meurthe
et Moselle). As a child he displayed a precocious
artistic gift, and after a short period of study at
Nancy, he entered the Ecole des Beaux Arts in
Paris, and became the pupil of Cogniet and of
Yvon. His first works were scenes for the Thefitre
Italien ; he then devoted himself to history, but his
narrow means forced him to turn his attention to
portraiture and studies of peasant life, in which he
achieved great excellence. His best works are
perhaps his ' Return from Oyster Fishing ' (in the
Luxembourg), 'La Vanneuse' (painted 1867), 'Les
Cancalaises,' ' The Road to the Market,' a portrait
of M. Alphonse Daudet, and a ' Death of Orpheus.'
He was also an etcher of some ability. He died in

FISK, William Henry, painter, was the son and
pupil of William Fisk, and was born about 1825.
He studied at the Royal Academy schools, and was
appointed anatomical draughtsman to the Royal
College of Surgeons. He continued at the same
time to practise painting, and many of his pictures
were exhibited at the Academy, the British Institu-
tion, the Suffolk Street Q-allery, and in Paris. He
also contributed numerous essays and articles on
art subjects to current literature, and lectured both
in London and the provinces. His artistic powers
were very considerable, but he was best known as
a careful and able teacher, in which capacity he
worked for forty years at University College
School, London. He died at Hampstead, Novem-
ber 13, 1884.

FORSTER, Eenst Joachim, painter and writer
upon art, was born in 1800, at Munchergosserstadt,
on the Saale. After a stay at the Universities of.
Jena and Berlin he took up art as his career, and

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 198 of 201)