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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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to London, where he worked for Le Blon, and then
went to Amsterdam, where he engraved the por-
traits for Van Mander's ' Livre des Peintres.' He
also executed in colours many prints of anatomical
subjects and natural history, and was much em-
ployed by the celebrated Frederik Ruysch. He
died at Amsterdam in 1773.

LADRON Y GUEVARA, Felipe de, a scion of
the noble house of Onate, was no less distin-
guished for his valour than for his love of art. He
accompanied the Emperor Charles V. to Bologna
in 1530, and acquired there the friendship of Titian
and other Italian and Flemish masters. From this
intercourse and a careful study of their woriss he
became an excellent amateur. He died at Madrid
in 1563. He wrote a ' Commentary on Painting,'
which after long neglect was published by Pony at
Madrid in 1788.

LADURNER, Adolphe, was a French historical,
portrait, and battle painter, who was born in 1798.
He was a pupil of Horace Vernet. In 1829 he
went to St. Petersburg, where he became painter
to the Emperor Nicholas, and where he died in
1865.

LAECK, Reinier van, or van der, was an his-
torical and mythological painter, who flourished
about 1640.

LAEGH, Willem van der. See Van der Laegh.

3



Laen



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Xiagren^e



LAEN, Thierry van der. See Vas der Laen.

LAETHEM, Jakob van, was a Flemish portrait
painter of the 16th century, who iii 1517 painted
a portrait of the Emperor Charles V.

LAETHEM, Jan Alexander, was a Belgian
Dainter of genre subjects, whose works appeared
at the exhibitions of Antwerp, Ghent, and Brussels,
between the years 1825 and 1836.

LA FABRIQDE, Nicolaes, a Flemish painter,
was born about 1649 at Namur, where he was a pupil
of Bouge. He went to Rome when quite young,
and on his return settled at Liege, where he prac-
tised and died in 1736. There is a picture of ' The
Money Counter ' by him in the Brussels Gallery.

LA FAGE. See De la Fage.

LA FARGUE, Maria, sister of Paul Constantin
La Fargue, practised painting in various subjects,
which are well composed and highly finished.

LA FARGUE, Paul Constantin, a Dutch
painter, was born at the Hague. His pictures are
generally small, representing views of the environs
of his native city. His drawings are, however,
more esteemed than his paintings in oil. He had
considerable skill in copying the works of the
older Dutch masters. He died at Leyden in 1782.
There exist several etchings by him.

LA FERTB, M. de. See De la FertiS.

LAPITTE, Louis, a French historical painter,
was born in Paris in 1770, and studied under Des-
inarteau and J. B. Regnault. In 1791 he obtained
the first prize with his work entitled ' Regulus
returning to Carthage,' and was sent to Rome.
After studying some time there he settled in Paris,
and under the Restoration was appointed painter
to the king, and became a member of the Institute
and of the Academies of Rome and Florence.
The French Revolution and Napoleon I. provided
him with plentiful materials for his drawings and
paintings. He died in Paris in 1828.

LA FLEUR, Nicolas Gdillaume de. See De
LA Flbur.

LAFOND, Charles Nicolas Raphael, was born
in Paris in 1774. He was a pupil successively of
Barth^lemi, of Suvee, and of Regnault, and holds a
distinguished rank among the modern French
painters of historical and poetical subjects. His
works are numerous, and are to be found in the
Versailles and other public galleries, as well as in
private collections. His pictures of the ' Good
Samaritan,' ' Jacob blessing his Sons,' and ' Charles
VII.' obtained for him the gold medal. He died in
Paris in 1835.

LAFOND, Daniel, a native of France, was born
in 1760. During the religious troubles he removed
from France to Switzerland, and settled at Berne.
He was a pupil of Siegmund Freudenberger. He
excelled chiefly in landscapes, and executed several
Swiss views. He died at Berne in 1831.

LAFONTAINE, Pierre Joseph, was born at
Courtrai in 1758. He was first instructed by
Kaplau van Neste, who assisted him to enter the
Academy at Courtrai, and afterwards by Jean
Douelle. Interiors of churches were his favourite
subjects. He went to Paris, aud in 1782 was elected
a member of the Academy. The figures in his
works were often painted by Taunay, De Marne,
Swebach, or Drolling. To the profession of an
artist he joined the business of a picture-dealer.
He died in Paris in 1835.

LA FOSSE. See De la Fosse.

LAFRENSBN, Nicolaus, (or Lavreince), born at
Stockholm in 1737, was instructed in the rudiments



of painting by his father, a miniature painter. At
first he devoted himself to the same branch, and m
1771 visited Paris, where he painted portraits of- a
small size in water-colours and in oil. After return-
ing to Sweden he became a member of the Academy
at Stockholm in 1773, and was appointed court
painter. On his second visit to Paris in 1774 he
painted very pleasing rococo scenes._ His last
productions represent portraits, historical scenes,
festivals, &o. He painted the figures in Bellanger's
works, and his paintings have been engraved by
Benossi, Delaunay, Helman, Br^a, Vidal, Mariage,
and Pierron. He left Paris in 1791, and died at
Stockholm in 1807. Among his works may be
mentioned :

The Happy Moment.

Le Billet doux.

The Dancing-School.

Preparations for the Ball.

Ebba Brahe, writing on a window.

Brahe and Gyllenstjerna.

Erick XIT. and his Wife.

Catharine Jagellonla and her Favourite.

LAFRERY, Antoine, a French engraver, was
born at Salins in 1512. In 1540 he went to Rome,
and with his uncle, Claude Duchet, established a shop
which had a great reputation for prints and maps.
Among his engravings are 'Jupiter slaying the
Giants,' after Raphael, and ' The Birth of Adonis,'
after Salviati. He died about 1680.

LA FUENTE. See De la Fdbnte.

LAGEMAN, Hendrik, a Dutch engraver, was
born at Amsterdam in 1765. He was instructed
by Karel Konse and J. G. Holtzhey, and he en-
graved several portraits. He died in 1816.

LAGNIET, Jacques, was a French engraverof •
the 17th century, of whose' life there are no details,
but his works are rare and much sought after.

LAGOOR, JoHAN, was a painter and engraver of
the 17th century at Haarlem, who entered the Guild
there in 1645, and was living in 1649. His genre
paintings are generally attributed to other artists.
There are six very rare plates by Lagoor, among
which are ' The Square Tower ' and ' The Rotunda.'

LA GOURDAINE, Jean Pierre Norblin de.
See Norblin de la Gourdaine.

LAGRENI^IE, Anthelmb FRANgois, a French
historical, genre, portrait, and miniature painter,
was born in faris in 1774. He was a son of Louis
Jean Franpois Lagrenee, and studied under Vincent.
In 1793 he served in the army, but on his release
from military service he returned to art. He was
patronized by the Emperor Alexander, on whose
invitation he paid a visit to Russia in 1823. His
latter years were entirely devoted to miniature
painting. He died of cholera in Paris in 1832.

LAGRENEE, Jean Jacques, a French historical
and portrait painter, was born in Paris in 1739. He
studied under his brother, Louis Jean Francois
Lagrenee, and also in the Academy, where he
obtained the second prize in 1760. After con-
tinuing his studies at Rome, he followed his
brother to Russia. On his return he was received
into the Academy in 1775, becoming assistant-
professor in 1776, and professor in 1781. He
was engaged on the decorations of the Louvre,
and was also attached to the manufactory at Sevres,
where he did much good work. A process for pro-
ducing designs on marble was invented by him.
He died in Paris in 1821. Amongst his works are :

Angers. Museum. The Betrothal.

Auxerre. Cathedral. The Baptism of Christ.

„ „ St. Michael and the Devil.



LagrenSe



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Lairesse



Ohalon-sar-Sa6ne. 3/as. Venus and Vulcan.

Grenoble. Museum. St. John preaching.

Orleans. Museum. Artemisia.

Paris. Louvre. 'Winter.

,, „ Melancholy.

LAGRENBE, Louis Jean FRANgois, was born
in Paris in 1725. He was a scholar of Carle van
Loo. In 1749 his picture of ' Joseph interpret-
injs; the Dream of Pharaoh' obtained the great
prize from the Academy of Painting, and he was
sent as a pensioner to Rome. He returned to
Paris in 1753, and was admitted a member of the
Academy in 1755. His picture of admission was
the ' Rape of Deianeira by the Centaur Nessus.' This
and his ' Justice and Clemency,' painted in 1765,
are in the Louvre. His' reputation induced the
Empress Elizabeth to appoint him to the office
of director of the Academy at St. Petersburg, and
to that of her principal painter. In 1781 he was
made director of the French school at Rome ; and
there he painted some of his best pictures. They
are chiefly from sacred and profane history, and
the ancient poets, and the greater part have been
engraved. He was professor-rector of the School
of Fine Arts, and honorary conservator and ad-
ministrator of the Musde, when he died in Paris
in 1805. He etched several small plates from his
own designs and others, with great spirit ; among
which are the following :

The Virgin, vrith the Infant sleeping ; after Guido.

St. Peter and St. Jerome ; two prints ; from liis own
designs.

The Virgin and Child.

Charity and Justice ; two emblematical subjects.

The Sacrifice of Noah.

A Sacrifice to Pan.

LAGDERRE, John, called 'Jack Laguerre,'
was the son of Louis Laguerre. He was bom in
London, and was instructed in painting by his
father, and worked also under Hogarth, but having
a talent for music and singing, he had recourse to
the stage, where he met with considerable success.
Towards the latter part of his hfe he painted scenes
and decorations for the theatre. He etched a plate
representing FalstaflF, Pistol, and Doll Tearsheet,
with other theatrical characters, in allusion to a
quarrel between the players and patentees. He
also engraved a set of prints to the farce of ' Hob
in the Well,' which had a great sale, though in-
difEerently executed. As a caricaturist he is con-
sidered the founder of a school. He was one of
the class of pleasant, clever, and careless fellows
whose disposition and habits preclude any great
attainment. He died in poverty in 1748.

LAGUERRE, Louis, called ' Old Laguerre,' was
born in Paris in 1663, and had Louis XIV. for
his godfather. His father was a Catalan who
settled in France, and became master of the Mena-
gerie at Versailles. He placed his son to be in-
structed in literature in the college of the Jesuits,
where he acquired sufficient learning to be of use
to him in his historical subjects and allegories. He
was for some time a scholar of Charles Le Brun,
and frequented the Academy in Paris. In 1683 he
came to England with one Ricard, a painter of
architecture, and was first employed by Antonio
Verrio to assist him in the numerous decorative
works in which he was engaged. Laguerre painted
the greater part of Verrio' s work in St. Bartholo-
mew's Hospital, and when he was little more than
twenty years of age, got into very extensive busi-
ness in painting saloons, ceilings, &c. in the man-
sions of the principal nobihty. King William



employed him at Hampton Court, where he repaired
Mantegna's cartoons of the 'Triumphs of Julius
Caesar,' and painted, in chiaroscuro, the ' Labours of
Hercules.' Horace ^Yalpole states, that he was at
first chosen unanimously by the commissioners for
rebuilding St. Paul's, to decorate the cupola, but
was set aside by the paramount interest of Sir
James Thornhill. Sir Godfrey Kneller employed
him to paint the staircase of his house at Whitton,
where he distinguished himself beyond his usual
performances. There is an etching by Louis
Laguerre of the ' Judgment of Midas.' He died in
1721 whilst witnessing a performance in Drury
Lane Theatre. Pope has immortalized him and
his employer Verrio in the line, "Where sprawl
the saints of Verrio and Laguerre." This, how-
ever, is unjust to Laguerre's ability. In the
National Portrait Gallery is a portrait by him of
William, first Earl of Cadogan.
LA GUERTIERE, Fbanqois de. See De la

GUERTIERE.

LA HAYE. See De la Hate.

LAHDB, Gerhard Ludwig, bom at Bremen in
1766, studied at the Academy at Copenhagen, and
distinguished himself as a designer and engraver.
He obtained several medals, and was painter at the
court of Denmark. He died at Copenhagen in 1820.

LA HBLE, Isaak de. See De la Hele.

LA HIRE. See De la Hire.

LA HUERTA. See De la Huerta.

LA IGLESIA, Francisco Ignacio Ruiz de. See
Ruiz dr la Iglesia.

LAIXATI, Maeco, a painter of the Parmese
school, was born at Piacenza, and flourished about
1777. He was a pupil of Louis de La Forest. He
worked at Carpi, where he executed several pictures.

LAING, John Joseph, a Scottish wood engraver,
was born at Glasgow in 1830. He practised for
some time in his native city, but afterwards came
to London, where he was chiefly employed on
architectural subjects for the ' Builder.' He died
at Glasgow in 1862.

LAIR, Jean Louis C^sae, a French painter of
historical subjects and of portraits, was born at
Janville (Eure et Loire) in 1781, and died there in
1828, after passing the greater part of his life in
Paris. He was a scholar of Regnault and David.
He painted many religious subjects of large dimen-
sions for churches, and a multitude of portraits
and smaller pictures.

LAIRB, SiGMUND, a German miniature paint«r,
was born in Bavaria about 1553. He studied
painting under the Flemish painter, Francisco de
Castello, at Rome, during the pontificate of Pope
Gregory XIII. The greater part of his Madonnas
went to India. He died at Rome in 1639, aged 86.

LAIRESSE FAMILY.



Kenier de Lairesse
(law?— 1667.)



Ernest
(1635?— 16753



Gerard
(1641—1711).



Jacob.



Jan.



Abraham
(1681-1739.)



Jan.



Gerard.



LAIRESSE, Abraham de, bom at Amsterdam
in 1681, was a son of Gerard de Lairesse, in whose
style he painted. He died at Amsterdam in 1739.

LAIRESSE, Ernest de, the elder brother of
Gerard de Lairesse, was bom at Li6ge about the
year 1635, and was instructed in design by his
father. He painted animals and hunting scenes in
distemper, and was sent to Italy to study, by hia
patron, the Elector Maximilian Heinrich of Cologne,

6



Xiairesse



A BIOGRAPPIICAL DICTIONARY OF



liallemaiit



who, on his return, appointed him his painter, and
in whose service he died at the age of fortj'. His
best worli perished at the bombardment of Bonn.

LAIEESSB, Geeaed de, was born at Li^ge in
1641. He was the son of Eenier de Lairesse, an
artist of some celebrity, who had him instructed in
the belles-lettres, poetry, and music, and taught him
the principles of design. He afterwards studied
under Berth olet Plemalle, and at the age of sixteen
had made himself known as a portrait painter. He
was soon after employed in some historical works
for the Electors of Cologne and Brandenburg, and
these established his reputation. Unfortunately an
expensive and dissolute course of life kept him in
indigence, although his gains were considerable.
Not iinding sufficient employment in his native
city, he settled at Utrecht, and soon afterwards
removed to Amsterdam, where he was regarded as
the greatest historical painter of his time. Lairesse
was afflicted with loss of sight in 1690, when he
was only iifty years of age ; but so great was his
love for art, that he continued till his death to
coramunioate his ideas on its theory and practice,
in discourses from which were collected the ma-
terials for the treatise on design and colouring,
pu blished after his decease. He died at Amsterdam!
in 1711. His style is grand and poetical, he was
perfectly acquainted with history and fable, pos-
sessed a lively and ready in\'ention, and was attent-
ive to propriety of costume. In his composition and
design he has been compared to Nicolas Poussin, but
he has very slender pretensions to Poussin's classic
elevation of thought, profound acquaintance with
the antique, elegance of taste, and purity of design.
He painted with an extraordinary facility, and is said
to have finished in one day a picture of 'Mount
Parnassus, v/ith Apollo and the Nine Muses ; ' an
achievement which Poussin would not have been
ambitious of performing. His backgrounds are
enriched with architecture, the principles of which
lie perfectly understood. A visit to Italy might have
given more elegance and delicacy to his figures,
which are occasionally ungraceful and too short. It
is, however, surprising that he could arrive at so
accomplished a style as is generally visible in his
works, without the advantages of travel, and with
no better models to-consult tlian those he met with
in his own country. Among his paintings are :



Amsterdam.


Museum,


A Festival of Bacchanals.





)j


Legitimate Power.


,


,,


Eevolution.







Venus, Mars, and Cupid.


jj


)>


Venus, Mars, Cupid, and Mer-
cury.







Diana and Endymion.


Berlin.


Oallenj.


The Baptism of Acliilles.








Satyr and Nymph.


Brussels.


Oallei-y.


The Death of Pyrrhus.


Cassel.


Gallery.


The Death of Germanicus.


Hague.


Museum.


Achilles recognized by Ulysses.


Palis.


Louvre.


Institution of the Eucharist.


"


JJ


Disembarkation of Cleopatra at
Tarsus.




J,


Dance of Children.


n


»


Hercules between Vice and
Virtue.


Stockholm.


Gallery.


Achilles made known by



Vienna.



Gallery. Neptune and Amphitrite.



Others are to be met with at Augsburg, Bruns-
wick, Christiania, Dresden, Munich, &c.

As an engraver, Gerard de Lairesse claims par-
ticular notice. He etched a large number of plates

6



from his own designs, executed with great freedom
and spirit : the lights are broad and powerful, and
the eye is carried at once to the principal figures
of the composition. He sometimes marked his
works with the initials O de L ; G L ; : D : L :
pinx. ;G L; GL fee et exc. : G L F ; GLf; G.
Zaire; G. Laires. The following are engraved
by himself :

The Fall of our first Parents

Adam and Eve driven from Paradise.

Joseph and his Brethren.

Solomon consecrated by the High Priest.

The Infant Jesus explaining to his Parents the Divine

WiU.
The Incredulity of St. Thomas.
Saint Theresa.

The Parting of Hector and Andpomaohe.
Antony and Cleopatra.
A March of Amazons.
A large Bacchanalian subject.
Venus lamenting the Death of Adonis.
The Four Seasons ; designs for ceilings.
Diana and Endymion.
Bacchante, with Silenus asleep.

LAIEESSB, Jacob de and Jan de, were the
younger brothers of Gei-ard de Lairesse, who dis-
tinguished themselves in painting flowers, fruit,
and bas-reliefs. Their chief residence was at
Amsterdam.

LAIRESSE, Eenieh de, a Dutch painter, was
born at Liege about 1696. He was a pupil of Jan
Taulier, whose daughter he married. He was
principal painter to Ferdinand of Bavaria, Electsr
of Cologne and Prince Bishop of Liege. Among
his historical pictures are, ' The Martyrdom of the
Eleven Thousand Virgins,' 'The Martyrdom of St.
Lawrence,' ' The Death of Seneca,' and ' The Rape
of Helen.' He afterwards abandoned painting, and
took to painting on wood to resemble marble and
jasper and precious stones, in which art he specially
excelled. He died at Vitry-Ie-Fran9ais in 1667.

LA JOUE, Jacques de. See De la Joue.

LALA was a feinale portrait painter of Cyzicus,
who flourished at Rome about B.C. 74. She painted
in encaustic on ivory, and obtained a great re-
putation.

LA LIVE DE JULLT, Ange Laueent de. See
De la Live de Jullt.

L'ALLEMAND, Feiedeioh, or more usually
Feitz, who was born at Hanau in 1812, studied at
the 'Vienna Academy, and became a good painter
of military subjects, for which he was very popular.
He died at Vienna in 1866. An ' Episode in the Battle
of Znaim,' dated 1845, is in tire Vienna Gallery.

L'ALLEMAND, Geoeges, a French historical
painter, who was a native of Nancy, executed in
1630 and 1633 the first and fourth 'mais' for the
cathedral of Notre-Dame..

LALLEMAND, Jean Baptiste, a French land-
scape and marine painter, was born at Dijon about
1710. He was originally a tailor, but abandoned
the shears for the brush. He came over to England,
then returned to France, and after a visit to Italy
again came back to his own country, where he died
about 1805.

L'ALLEMAND, Thiesey, a portrait draughts-
man, was born at Hanau in 1809, and died at
Hanover in 1881. He studied at the Academy
of Vienna.

LALLEMANT, Philippe, who was born at
Rheims in 1629, and died in 1716, was a painter
residing in Paris. In 1672 he was received into
the Academy, on which occasion he painted the



Lama



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVEES.



Lamberts



portraits of Perrault and Barbier du Metz, which
are now at Versailles. He was the master of De
La Hire, and the second master of Nicolas Poussin.
LAMA, Giovanni Beenabdo, the son of an artist
of little celebrity, named Matteo Lama, was born at
Naples in 1508. After learning the first principles
of design from his father, he was placed under the
tuition of Giovanni Antonio d' Amato. In 1527 the
memorable saoliing of Rome drove from that city
the greater part of the inhabitants ; among others,
Polidoro da Caravaggio, who took refuge at Naples,
and Lama had the advantage of his instruction.
He, however, followed rather the style of Andrea
Sabbatini, and his paintings are sometimes weak
and affected. He died at Naples in 1579. Many
of his works are to be found in the churches of that
city ; amongst them the following are noteworthy :

S. Severino. The Entombment.

S, Gregorio Armeno. The Ascension.

S. Lorenzo Magyiore. The Marriage of St. Catharine.

S. M. della Sapienza. Christ amongst the Doctors.

LAMA, Giovanni Battista, was born at Naples
about the year 1660, and was a fellow-student with
Paolo de Matteis, under Luca Giordano. He
painted history, and was much employed in easel
pictures of mythological subjects, some of which
were in the gallery of the Duke of San Niccola
Gaeta, at Naples, and were admired for the elegance
of their style and the sweetness of their colouring.
Others are to be met with in the environs of the
same city. He died after 1740.

LAMA, GiULlA, was an historical painter of
Venice, who flourished in the 18th century.

LA MAIR, — — , was a pauiter of serpents,
lizards, and other reptiles, in the manner of Otho
Masseus, or Marcellis, as he is frequently named.
He particularly excelled in the representation of
butterflies ; and his works are generally attributed
to Masseus, but they are painted on u lighter
ground. Neither the year of his birth nor that of
his death is known, but he lived at Nymwegen in
the 18th century.

LA MAISON, Nicolas de. See Della Gasa.

LAMANNA, Gibolamo, an historical painter and
poet, was born at Catania, in Sicily, about 1580, and
died in 1640.

LA MARE-EICHART, Florent I. de. See De
LA Mare-Richaet.

LAMARS, D., was a Flemish historical painter,
who flourished about 1621. In the Augustine Con-
vent at Ghent is a picture by this artist of the
' Circumcision.'

LAMBERT, George, was bom in Kent in 1710,
and was a scholar of William Hassell, and after-
wards of Woptton, to whom he was greatly superior.
His first employment was as a theatrical^ scene-
painter, in which line he worked for the Lincoln's
Inn Fields Theatre, but in 1736 he obtained the
post of principal painter at Covent Garden, where
his productions were numerous and important, but
many of them perished in the fire of 1808. He has
the credit of being one of the first of the ETiglish
painters who treated landscape with a pleasing and
picturesque effect. In conjunction with Samuel
Soott, he painted some views of the settlements of
the East India Company, for their house in Leaden-
hall Street, which has since been demolished. The
Foundling Hospital possesses a landscape by him.
Some of his English landscapes have been engraved
by Vivares, Mason, &c. George Lambert etched,
in a coarse but painter-like manner, two prints,
now become scarce, one of which represents an



upright landscape, with ruins, and three small
figures. He died in 1765.

LAMBERT, James, was a landscape painter, who
gained a premium at the Society of Arts in 1770,
and exhibited at the Society of Artists, the Free
Society of Artists, and the Royal Academy from
1761 to 1778. He died near Lewes in 1779. His
son, also named James, was a genre, fruit, and
flower painter, who exhibited at the Free Society of
Artists and the Royal Academy from 1769 to 1778.
LAMBERT, Jean, was a painter of Lidge, who



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