Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Hermitage at St. Petersburg is a ' St. Catharine,'
and in the Brera at Milan a ' Madonna and Saints.'

LONGHI, PiETEO, a genre painter and engraver,
was born at Venice in 1702, and was instructed by
Antonio Balestra and Giuseppe Maria Crespi. Of
his paintings there are several in the Academy at
Venice, among which is a portrait of the architect
Temanza, and the representation of a tall lady at
her toilet. There is one etching by him, repre-
senting ' Country Girls dancing.' He died in 1762.
Bartolozzi, Cattini, Faldoni, and others, engraved
after his works.

LONGMATE, Barak, an engraver, was bom in
Westminster in 1737. His plates were chiefly
heraldic, and he edited an edition of CoUins's
'Peerage,' 1779-84. He died in 1793.

LONGMATE, Barak, the younger, son of Barak
Longmate, succeeded his father as an engraver.
He was born in 1768, and died in 1836.

LONGRAPF, — , a Dutch engraver, flourished
about the year 1698. He engraved a set of orna-
mental subjects for goldsmiths, which are executed
with the graver in a very neat style.

LONGUEIL, Joseph de, an engraver, was born
at Givet in 1736. He was instructed in engraving
at Lille, and studied afterwards under Le Bas and
Aliamet in Paris. He died in Paris in 1792. He
engraved several vignettes for the ' Henriade ' of
Voltaire and the ' Contes ' of La Fontaine. His
talents were not confined to book-plates ; he exe-
cuted some subjects after various masters, among
whicli are the following :

Two Allegorical Subjects ; after Cochin.

Heroic Fidelity ; after Moreau.

Two Ilural Subieots ; after Li^icii and Aviry.

A pair of Dutch Merry-makings ; after Ostade.
The Fishermen ; after Vemet.
View in the Environs of Naples ; after Mettai.
A Sea-storm ; after the same.

LONI, Alessandro, (or Lomi,) was bom at
Plorence in 1655, and was a scholar and imitator
of Carlo Dolci. He was chiefly employed in copy-
ing the pictures of his master, which he did with
a precision that renders it difficult to distinguish
them from the originals. He died in 1702.

LONJUMEAU, Pierre Joseph Gaillabd db.
See Gaillabd de Lonjdmeau.

LONS, DiRCK EvERSEN, a Dutch engraver, was
living from 1612 to 1622. He has left an etching
of the ' Holy Family, with St. Elizabeth and St.
John,' after A. van Nieulandt. There are also four
landscapes by him, each having a large windmill.

LONSDALE, James, a portrait painter, was born
in Lancashire in 1777, but came to London at an
early period of his life. He studied under Romney
and at the Royal Academy, and afterwards pur-
chased the house in Berners Street vacated by the
death of Opie, and there he settled for the remainder
of his life. He was one of the founders and chief
supporters of the Society of British Artists, and
exhibited with them almost regularly from 1824 to
1837. He was a man of independent mind and
manners, and perhaps his neglect of the sitaviter in
modo was the reason that his practice was chiefly
confined to male sitters. He had a masculine style
of painting, 'and showed great discrimination of
character in his portraits ; and as he painted some
of the really great men of his time, his pictures are
hkely to be appreciated long after the works of
more fashionable portrait painters are forgotten.
He died in London in 1839. He exhibited at the
Royal Academy in 1818 a painting of ' Talma as
Hamlet' ; and for the Duke of Norfolk he exe-
cuted a historical picture of ' King John signing
Magna Charta.' In the National Portrait Gallery
are portraits of Lord Brougham, Sir Phihp Francis,
Joseph Nollekens, R.A., William Sharp, Abraham
Rees, and Queen Caroline.

LONSING, Feans Jozef, was bom at Brussels
in 1743. He was intended for the*military pro-
fession, and entered as a cadet in one of the Belgian
regiments in the service of Austria, called the
Walloons. Being in garrison at the citadel of
Antwerp he showed a love of art, and under the
patronage of Prince Charles of Lorraine, governor
of the Low Countries, he frequented the academy
which that prince had organized, and in 1759
obtained the principal prize. After this he entered
the school of Martin J. Geeraerts, a distinguished
painter of bas-reliefs, who had been a scholar of
Theobald Michau. In this school, Lonsing made
such progress that Prince Charles and Count de
Cobentzf'l sent him to Italy, with a pension, to
perfect his studies. At Rome he entered the school
of Raphael Mengs, and there made acquaintance
with Sir "William Hamilton, for whom, in 1772,
he engraved several prints for the ' Scholre
Italicae Picture,' among which 'The Hunt of
Meleager,' after Giulio Romano, is noteworthy.
He afterwards pursued his art at Paris, Lyons,
and Bordeaux ; and he died at Leognan, near the
latter city, in 1799, while engaged in painting
the mansion of a rich merchant. His pictures
are chiefly portraits, some of which have been
engraved ; his easel pictures are rare and much
sought after ; the greater part of his works are at

Bordeaux. His general style is a mixture of the





Italian and Flemish, which gives his pictures a
peculiar air, difEering from every other master, yet
reminding the observer of the vi^orks of older date.
In the Museum at Bordeaux are portraits of himself
and the Duke de Duras.

LOO, Charles AuiotE Philippe van, (or Van-
loo,) was bom at Rivoli in Savoy in 1719, and
instructed by his father, Jean Baptiste van Loo.
In 1747 he became a member of the Academy at
Paris, and was afterwards appointed court painter
to the King of Prussia. In 1770 he returned to
Paris, and became professor at the Academy, and
in 1790 rector's adjunct. He died in Paris in
1796. At Potsdam there is a painting by him of
' Psyche watched by Cupid with a Lamp,' an ex-
cellent performance in chiaroscuro. Other pictures
by him are at Sanssouci. His works have been
engraved by Larmessin, Ch6reau, and Petit.

LOO, Chaeles ANDEfi van, (or Vanloo,) usually
known as Carle van Loo, a painter and sculptor,
was born at Nice in 1705. He was a son of Louis
van Loo, and was instructed by his brother, Jean
Baptiste, with whom he went to Rome, where he
studied under Benedetto Luti, and learned sculpture
under Le Gros. In 1719 they returned to Turin,
and thence to Paris, where in 1723 he obtained the
first prize for drawing, and in 1724 the first for
painting, with ' Jacob purifying his House in order
to make a Sacrifice to God.' After having in 1727
again visited Rome, he obtained the first prize for
design at the Academy of St. Litke, and was
knighted by the Pope. After this he returned to
Paris, and became a member of the Academy in
1735, a professor in 1737, director of the Royal
Art School in 1749, knight of the Order of St.
Michael in 1751, rector of the Academy in 1754,
court painter in 1762, and director of the Academy
in 1763. He died of apoplexy in Paris in 1765.
His best works are :

Glasgow. GalUry. Group of four iBgares person-

ifying the Seasons.
Paris. Lov/vre. ^neas carrying his father


„ „ Marriage of the Virgin and St.


„ ' „ Furtrait of Marie Leszczinska,

Queen of France.

„ ,. Iphigenia.

„ „ Marsyas flayed by order of


„ Petits Peres. The History of St. Augustine.

LOO, Ernest van, a Flemish landscape and por-
trait painter, was born in 1825. He studied in the
Academy of Ghent, and was employed on decora-
tive work. He died at Ghent in 1860.

LOO, Feanqgis van, (or Vanloo,) was born at
Aix in 1711. He was a pupil of his father, Jean
Baptiste van Loo, but he died at Turin in 1733
from the efiects of a fall from his horse.

LOO, Jakob van, a portrait painter, was bom at
Sluys in 1614. He was the son of Jan van Loo.
From 1652 to 1660 he was at Amsterdam, and
painted there portruils and figures of a small size for
the landscapes of the elder Wynants and Hobbema.
Subsequently he settled in France, where he was
naturalized, and in 1663 was received into the
Academy upon his portrait of Michel Corneille the
elder, executed in the style of Van Dyck. He died
in Paris in 1670. Among his works are :
Berlin. Gallery. Diana and Nymphs.

Glasgow. Gallery. Susannah and the Elders.

Paris. Louvre. Portrait of Michel Corneille,

the elder.
Petersburg. Ilermitaye. The Concert.


LOO, Jan van, born at Loo, near Ghent, about
1585, appears to have been the first artist of this
family. There are by him two paintings in the
Museum at Copenhagen, viz.:

A Company of Drinkers and Gamblers.
A Glass-Bead Manufactory.

LOO, Jean Baptiste van, (or Vanloo,) bom at
Aix, in Provence, in 1684, was first instructed by his
father, Louis van Loo, and at an early age studied
after the antique and the works of the great
masters. He had acquired considerable reputation
by some pictures he painted for the churches and
public edifices at Toulon, when the siege of that
place, in 1707, obliged him to return to Aix. At
Toulon he married Marguerite Le Brun, the sister of
Michel Le Brun, the miniature painter. After this
he visited Nice, Monaco, and Genoa, and then went
to Turin and worked two years for the Duke of
Savoy and the Prince of Carignan. Being patron-
ized by the latter he was enabled to go to Rome,
where he attended the school of Benedetto Luti.
In 1719 he accompanied the prince to Paris, and
in 1737 he came to England, where, according
to Walpole, his first works were the portraits of
Colley Gibber and Owen MacSwinney, whose long
silvery hair was extremely picturesque, and con-
tributed to give the new painter reputation. He
was favoured with the patronage of Sir Robert
Walpole, by whom he was introduced to the Prince
and Princess of Wales, whose portraits he painted.
Van Loo soon bore away the chief business of
London from every other painter. His likenesses
were very striking, though not often flattering.
His draperies and other accessories were usually
painted by Van Aken and Van Loo's scholars,
Eokhardt and Root. He became a member of the
Academy of Paris in 1740. In 1742 he found his
health considerably impaired, and he was advised
to try the effect of the air of his native country,
Provence, where he died at Aix in 1746. His first
paintings are designed with correctness, but the
numerous portraits which he had to execute were
detrimental to his success in historical subjects.
He restored some of the paintings of Giulio Romano
and Primaticcio, and also etched a plate of ' Diana
discovering Endymion in a Forest,' apparently from
his own painting in the Louvre, which formed his
reception piece at the Academy. Among his best
works are :

Brussels. Gallery. Diana and Endymion.

Darmstadt. Gallery, Portraits of Louis XT. of
France, and his Queen, Marie
„ „ The Slaughter of Zedekiah's

P ixis. Louvre. Diana and Endymion.

„ „ Institution of the Order of the

Holy Ghost by Henry III.

Petersburg Hermitaye. The Triumph of Galatea.
Rome. <S. M. delta Scala. The Flagellation.

LOO, Jules C£sar Denis van, (or Vanloo,) a
French landscape painter, the son of Carle van
Loo, was born in Paris in 1743. He became an
academician in 1784, and exhibited at the Salon
from 1785 to 1817. He died in Paris in 1821.

LOO, LoDis VAN, (or Vanloo,) was born at
Amst3rdam about 1641, and was instructed by his
fiither, Jakob -van Loo. He went to France, and
obtained the first prize at the Academy, into which
he would have been admitted had not a duel




compelled him to retire to Nice. He settled at
Aix in 1683, where several frescoes by him are
still to be seen. There is by him at Toulon, in
the chapel of the Black Penitents, one of his best
productions, ' St. Francis.' He died at Nice in

LOO, Louis Michel van, (or Vanloo,) was bom
at Toulon in 1707, and instructed by his father,
Jean Baptiste van Loo. After having in 1725 ob-
tained the first prize at the Academy with ' Moses
•treading upon Pharaoh' s Crown,' he went to Eoine.
On his return to Paris he became a member of the
Academy in 1733 ; after this he was appointed court
painter to Philip V. of Spain, and received in 1748
the Order of St. Michael. After the death of Philip
lie went to Paris, and was elected director of the
Eoyal School of Arts for tlie Nobility. He died in
Paris in 1771. There is by him in the Louvre,
'Apollo pursuing Daphne ' (1733).

LOO, PiETisR VAN, a Dutch painter of landscapes,-
fruit, and flowers, was born at Haarlem in 1731.
He commenced by painting choice specimens for
the florists of his native city. He died in 1784.

LOOFF, PlETKR, a Dutch engraver, flourished
about the year 1630. He engraved some portraits,
among which is one of A. van den Bremen. He
also executed a print of Frederick Henry, Prince of
Orange, drawn in a triumphal car.

LOON, — VAN, a painter of birds, fruit, and
flowers, was bom at Amsterdam in 1711, and died
in 1787.

LOON, H. VAN, a Flemish engraver, was probably
a relation of Theodorus van Loon. He chiefly
resided in Paris, where he engraved some plates
fbr a work entitled 'Les Forces de I'Europe,' pub-
lished in Paris in 1695. They consist of fortifica-
tions, plans of towns, &c.

LOON, Peter van, a Flemish marine and his-
torical painter, was born at Antwerp in 1600, and
died there in 1660.

LOON, Theodorus van, was born at Louvain
about 1595. It is not said by whom he was in-
structed in his native country, but he went to Italy
when he was young, and at Eome became acquainted
with Carlo Maratti, whose style he particularly
admired, and with whom he lived in habits of
friendship. On his return to Bnissels he painted a
fine picture of the ' Nativity ' for the Abbey of Dil-
linghem, near that city, which gained him great
reputation. He died in 1630. In the church of
St. Gery, at Brussels, there is a series of pictures
of the ' Life and Passion of our Saviour,' which are
much admired ; but his most esteemed performances
are seven pictures of the ' History of the Virgin,'
at Aerschot, near Mechlin, which appear rather
productions of the Eomanthan the Flemish school,
and are entirely in the style of Carlo Maratti. In
the Brussels Gallery is an ' Assumption ' and an
'Adoration of the Shepherds.'

LOOS, — , a flower painter of Hamburg, who
flourished in the first half of the 18th century, and
gained a great reputation. He died in 1760.

LOOS, Fbiedeich, an Austrian landscape painter,
was born at Gratz in 1797, and died in 1856. In
the Vienna Gallery is a landscape by this artist.
LOOSE, Joannes Josephus de. See De Loose.
LOOTEN, Jan, (or Loten,) who was born about
1618, probably at Amsterdam, painted in England
during the reign of Charles II., and died here in
1681. His pictures generally represent rocky and
tliickly-wooded landscapes, and occasionally views
of a quieter character, in which the figures were

sometimes painted by Nioo'nas Berchem. They are
well executed and true to nature, but are somewhat
spoiled by a too dark colouring. The Berlin Gallery
has a 'Landscape with a Stag Hunt,' dated 1659.
In the Cassel Gallery is a ' Hunting Scene ' by him.
Three 'Landscapes' are in the Dresden Gallery;
and the National Gallery contains one— a ' River
Scene,' with figures. Looten's works are also seen
in private galleries in England, notably at Combe
Abbey, Warwickshire, where there are no less than
five. There also exist of his paintings :

Copenhagen. Museum. A Fair ia a Swiss Village.
Rotterdam. Museum. A Forest Landscape. 1858.

Vienna. Liechtenstein Gall. A Landscape. 1673.

LOPEZ, Cristobal, a pupil of A. Sanchez Coello,
became painter to John IIL of Portugal. He
painted many portraits of that prince and his
family, and some good devotional pictures for the
chapel at Belem. He died at Lisbon in 1594.

LOPEZ, Cristobal, son of Josef Lopez of
Seville, painted largely for the South American
market, and left in fresco, in the church of All
Saints, a giant ' St. Christopher ' and a ' Last
Supper.' He died in 1730.

LOPEZ, Diego, a Spanish painter, was born at
Toledo about 1465. He studied under Antonio
del Eincon, and became an excellent painter of
frescoes and historical subjects. Fiom 1495 to
1608 he was engaged in decorating the cathedral
of Toledo, and in 1519, in company with Alonzo
Sanchez, he decorated the theatre of the University
of Alcala de Henares. He died about 1530.

LOPEZ, Francisco, was a scholar of Beoerra,
who painted creditably at Madrid in the reign of
Philip II. (1656-1698).

LOPEZ, Francisco, was a pupil of Bartolommeo
Carducoi, whom he assisted in pictures executed
in 1695 for the church of San Felipe el Real at
Madrid, which was destroyed by fire in 1718. He
was appointed painter in ordinary to Philip III. in
1603, and painted a series representing the victories
of Charles V. in the King's dressing-room at the
Pardo. He also etched the third, sixth, and seventh
plates for Vincenzo Carducci's '.Dialogues on

LOPEZ, Gasp ABO, born at Naples about 1677,
was an excellent painter of flowers, and therefore
called ' Gaspare dei Fiori.' He studied under J. Bap-
tiste Du Buisson, Andrea Belvedere, and at Eonie,
Venice, and Dresden. He settled subsequently at
Florence, where he became court-painter to the
grand-duke. He was murdered there in 1732. In
the Vienna Gallery is a flower-piece by him.

LOPEZ, Jaime, surnamed El Mudo, born at
Madrid, was a Spanish painter, who flourished in
the 15th century. He decorated the Hermitage of
our Lady of Prado.

LOPEZ, JosEP, a painter, bom about 1650 at
Seville, was a disciple of Murillo, who followed
the style of that master, but confined himself
chiefly to painting representations of the Virgin.
A ' St. Philip ' by him is in the convent of La
Merced Calzada at Seville.

LOPEZ, Pedeo, a Spanish painter, was a scholar
of El Greco. He painted, among many others, the
magnificent picture of the ' Adoration of the Kings '
in the convent of the Trinitarians at Toledo ; it bears
his name, and the date 1608.

LOPEZ CABALLERO, Andrea, a Spanish
painter, born in 1647, was a Neapolitan by birth,
but studied at Madrid under Antolinez. He devoted


Lopez Caro



himself chiefly to portrait painting, though in
Madrid is a picture of ' Christ and the Maries.'

LOPEZ CARO, Francisoo, a Spanish painter, was
born at Seville in 1598. He was a pupil of Juan
de Las Roelas, and devoted himself to portrait
painting. He died at Madrid in 1662.

LOPEZ Y PALOMIKO, Feancisoo, was a Spanish
painter, who flourished in the 18th century. He
studied at Madrid, and in 1759 became a member
of the Academy of San Fernando. He excelled
chiefly in portraiture, though he also painted some
genre pictures.

LOPEZ Y PIQUE R, Bbrnakdo, was born at
Valencia in 1801. He was a pupil of his father
Vicente Lopez y Portana, and was distinguished
for his portraits. He died at Madrid in 1874.

LOPEZ Y PORTANA, Vicente, a Spanish
painter, was born at Valencia in 1772. In the
Madrid Gallery is an allegorical picture and several
portraits, among which is that of the painter,
Francisco Goya. He died at Madrid in 1850.

LOPICINO, Giovanni Battista, (or Ldpicini,)
an Italian painter, who flourished at Florence
about 1625, was a pupil of Oigoli. At Pistoja, in
tlie church of Ban Domenichino, are several figures,
and in the Vienna Gallery is a picture representing
' Martha and Mary.'

LOQUEYSSIE, Emilie von, a painter of portraits
and miniatures, was born at Dresden in 1787, and
gained a considerable reputation.

LORCH, Melchiob, (or Lomch, or Lorichs,) a
Danish painter and engraver, was born in 1527 at
Flensburg in Schleswig. He worked first with a
goldsmith at Lubeck, and then set out on his
travels, and visited Germany, the Low Countries,
and Italy. An opportunity of going to Turkey
presenting itself, he availed himself of it, and so
far gained the confidence of the Sultan as to
engrave his portrait. After his return he stayed
some time at Copenhagen, and then visited Con-
stantinople a second time. He was made court-
painter at Copenhagen in 1582. He is said by
some authors to have died at Rome in 1586, but
others state that he was living in 1594. His
woodcuts are executed in a bold, free style ; and
his copper-plates are engraved with great neatness
and delicacy. He sometimes signed his prints
with his name, and sometimes marked them with

the monogram ]fi^[j ., with the date. The fol-
lowing are by him :


Portrait of Martin Luther.

Portrait of Albrecht Durer. 1550.

Aristoteles Stagirites Fhilosophus; with the cipher.

St. Jerome at prayer. 1546.
A "Woman's Head. 1551.
Two Portraits of the Grand Signior and his favourite

Sultana; very scarce.
The Crane. 1549.
The Basilisk. 1548.
Portrait of Angre de Busbec. 1557.


A set of 122 Prints of the Habits, Customs, &o. of the
Turks ; dated from 1570 to 1581.

A Sibyl. 1571.

A woman standing, pressing her breasts, with a variety
of animals below, with au inscription at the top, ffiflSf
Satutni conjui qut Jtlatcc ©torum ; dated 1565.

A Lady in full dress. 1551.

The Deluge ; a large print, in two sheets.

LORDON, PiEERB Jer6me, a French painter,
was bom at Guadeloupe in 1780. He was a pupil
of the Polytechnic School, and became a sub-
lieutenant in the Artillery, but abandoned arms
for art. He was a friend of Prud'hon, and became
his most famous pupil. He died in Paris in 1838,
Among his works are :

The Deliverance of Cimon. 1810.

The Expulsion of Hagar. 1812.

Hagar in the Desert. 1814.

The Annunciation.

St. Mark.

Death of Semiramis. {Bijon Museum.)

Henry IV. after the Battle of Courtras.

LORENTE, Felix, was a Spanish painter, bora
at Valencia in 1712, whose best works are to be
found in the churches of that city. He died there
in 1787.

LORENTINO, Agnolo di, called Lobentino pi
Aeezzo, flourished in the 15th century. At Arezzo,
his native town, on the door of the church of San
Domenico, is a ' Madonna and Saints ' by this artist,

LORENTZEN, Christian August, was born at
Sonderborg in Denmark in 1749, and received his
first instruction in art at the Academy of Copen-
hagen. He then travelled through Holland and
France, after which he returned to his own country,
where he gained a considerable reputation, fie
died in 1828.

LORENZ, Friedeich Gottlob, a landscape
painter, born at Dresden in 1722, was a pupil of Louis
de Silvestre and Jobann C. Turner. He died about

LORENZ, J. D., was a German engraver, who
worked about 1765, and among whose works are :

The Vision of Jacob ; after Bocksberyer,

St. Sebastian ; after Diirer.

The Last Supper ; after Betnlrandt.

LORENZETTI, Ambeogio, was the son of one
Lorenzo of Siena, and the younger brother of
Pietro Lorenzetti, with whom he frequently worked
in concert. The dates of his birth and death are
both uncertain, and the first records known of him
commence in 1323. According to Tizio, his
earliest frescoes were those painted in 1331 in the
cloisters of San Francesco, Siena. Ghiberti very
highly praised them, and when seen by him they
represented the lives and martyrdoms of certain
Franciscan friars ; but their remains, which are now
preserved in one of the chapels of the church,
hardly seem to merit his encomiums. He is
recorded to have executed certain frescoes illus-
trative of the Creed and the Life of St. Catharine,
in the church of Sant' Agostino, Siena, but they
have now almost completely disappeared. In 1335
he went to Cortona, and painted frescoes in the
church of Santa Margherita, which are now lost. On
his return to Siena he painted in the cathedral, and
aided his brother Pietro in the frescoes at the
Spedale. From 1337 to 1339 he was occupied
in decorating the Sala della Pace of the Palazzo
Pubblico, Siena, with three immense frescoes,
which represent allegorically the ' Advantages of
Peace ' and of ' Justice,' and the ' Evils caused by
Tyranny ' (or, as they are often called, ' The Results
of Good and Bad Government '). These paintings
are now damaged by time, especially the one last
named ; but enough remains to fully justify the
praises bestowed upon them by Ghiberti, who saw
,them in their prime. In 1340 Ambrogio completed
for one hundred and thirty-five gold florins an altar-
piece for the cathedral of Siena, called ' La Tavola




di San Cresoenzo,' which is lost. The last record
known of this artist is a payment made to liim for
work done for the Sala de' Nove in 1345, which has
also disappeared. It is not unlikely that he died
of the plague in 1348, at the age, as stated by

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 20 of 201)