Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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livelihood by working up and colouring photo-
graphs, making cartoons for stained glass, and
drawing portraits in black lead or sanguine. At
the same tim^ he worked for a month or two under
Pils at the Bcole des Beaux Arts. About 1865
Eajon made the acquaintance of Leopold Flameng
and L^on Gaucherel, and was induced to try his
hand at etching. The result was an admirable
reproduction of G6r6me's 'Rembrandt dans son
Atelier,' which was purchased by the Messrs.
Goupil. The success of the publication was fol-
lowed up by several commissions from the same
firm, and Rajon's vocation was determined. From
1866 onwards, his artistic career was one of un-
chequered success, broken only by the interlude of
the siege of Paris, when, like so many other artists,
he quitted his studio to enrol himself in the corps
known as Les Er^fants perdus de La Villette.
After the campaign he visited England, being

769



Bedgrave



SUPPLEMENT.



Simousen



invited by the editor of the 'Portfolio.' Henceforth
he made annual visits to England, and some of his
finest plates were from pictures in this country.
In 1885 Rajon exhibited a large collection of bis
works, in oils, water-colours, chalk, and pastel, as
well as many etchings, in Bond Street; and an
exhibition of his etchings took place the following
year in New York, which he then visited for the
first time. In 1880 he moved to a country house
he had built at Auvers, on the banks of the Oise,
about forty miles from Paris, where he delighted to
entertain the many friends of all nationalities he had
attached to himself throughout his career. He died
there on the 8th of June, 1888, and was buried in
the cemetery of Auvers. Of his numerous plates
we may name :

Belais de Chiens ; after GMme.

L' Amour Platonique ; after Zamaco^s,

Le Liseur ; after Mdssonier.

Salomfi ; after Regnaidt.

L'lQdiff&ent ; after Watteau.

Dutch Courtyard ; after De Hooghe,

Johu Bright ; after Ouless.

Charles Darwin ; after the same.

Cardinal Newman ; after the same.

The Emperor Claudius ; after Alma Tadema.

' George Eliot ' ; after Sir Frederick Burton.

Lord Tennjrson ; after G. F. Watts.

Herr Joachim ; after the same.

Also many plates for the ' Portfolio ' from pictures
in the National Gallery, the Dulwioh Gallery, &c.
For a complete list of Bajon's plates, with_ fuller
details of his life, see ' Twelve Etchings contributed
to the " Portfolio " by Paul Adolphe Eajon, with
Memoir and Notes by P. G. Stephens.' London, 1889.
REDGEAVE, Richard, painter, was bom on the
30th April, 1804, in Pimlico, and in his early youth
worked as assistant to his father, who was associated
in the engineering works of Bramah, the inventor
of the hydraulic press. At the age of twenty-one
he entered the Academy schools, and competed un-
successfully for the gold medal. He first attracted
public attention in 1836, by his 'Gulliver on the
Farmer's Table,' exhibited at the British Institu-
tion, which is now at South Kensington. In 1840
he was elected an associate of the Royal Academy,
and in 1851 a full member. Meantime he had been

. actively engaged in the organization of the Govern-
ment School of Design, of which he was appointed
Botanical Teacher and Lecturer, and later Head
Master and Art Superintendent. It was about
this time that, with the help of Mr. H. Cole
(afterwards Sir Henry Cole, K.C.B.), he formed the
museum of ornamental art at Marlborough House,
the nucleus of the present Museum of Art at South
Kensington. They were again associated in the

• arrangement of the Great Exhibition in 1851, and
in the British Section of the Paris Universal
Exhibition of 1855. In 1862 Redgrave worked in
conjunction with Creswiok in carrying out arrange-
ments for the English Art Section of the Inter-
national Exhibition. In 1858 he was appointed
Surveyor of Crown Pictures, and for many years
was engaged on a catalogue of them. In 1866 he
joined his brother Samuel (who died in 1876) in
preparing a history of British art from the time of
Hogarth, under the title of 'A Century of Painters.'
For many years he kept up his connection with
South Kensington, where he took the chief part in
forming an historical collection of water-colours
for the Museum. In 1880 he resigned both his
appointment as Surveyor and Keeper of the Royal
Pictures, and also his post in the Department of
770



Science and Art at South Kensington, and from
that time he seems to have painted but little.
He died in Kensington, December 14th, 1888.
Redgrave was a member of the Etching Club.

RIDLEY, Matthew White, landscape painter
and etcher. He exhibited frequently with the
Society of British Artists, the British Institution,
and the Royal Academy, between 1857 and 1880.
He died June 2, 1888.

RIVlilRE, Henry Parsons, water-colour painter,
was a student of the Royal Academy, and first
exhibited in London 1832, when he sent two pic-
tures to the Suffolk Street Gallery. He was after-
wards a frequent exhibitor there, and also at the
Royal Academy and the British Institution. In
1834 he became a member of the New Society of
Painters in Water-Colours, and in 1852 was elected
an Associate of the Old Society. He painted chiefly
history and genre, either English or Italian in
subject. In 1867 he went to Rome, where he lived
for many years. He died at his house in St John's
Wood, in 1888.

ROBINSON, Hugh, an English painter of the
18th century, was born about 1755. He painted
vigorous portraits, somewhat after the style of
Reynolds. He exhibited at the Academy in 1780-
1-2. About 1782 he went to Rome, where he
painted for eight years. In 1790 he started to
return home by sea, but the ship was wrecked ;
Robinson was drowned, and the work of his eight
years lost. Pictures by him were at the 'Old
Masters,' in 1881-85-87.

ROELFSEMA. See Oevbr.

ROLLAND DE LA PORTE, Henri Horace, a
French painter of fruit, flowers, still-life, and feigned
bas-reliefs, was born in Paris in 1724. Between the
years 1760 and 1789 he frequently exhibited at the
Salon. In 1763 he was received into the Academy.
He died in 1793.

ROSEMALE, , a Dutch painter of the 17th

century, who painted views of towns and interiors
in the manner of Emanuel de Witte. The town of
Utrecht possesses a picture by him, representing
the church of St. Peter of that place in ruins, after
the hurricane of 1674.

SAUVAIGNE, Loms Paul, a French marin«
painter, and pupil of Corot and Daubigny, was
bom at Lille in 1827. He exhibited at the Salon
from 1870 onwards, practising chiefly at Lille. He
died at Trouville in 1885.

SEGB, Alexandre, painter and engraver, was
bom in Paris in 1819, and was a pupil of Cogniet
and of Camille Flers. He distinguished himself
chiefly by his poetic pastorals from La Beauce, and
his scenes from the neighbourhood of Chartres,
also bj' many studies of Corsican landscape. His
' Chenes de Kertregounec ' is in the Luxembourg.
He died of an aneurism at Coubron, Seine-et-Oise,
in October, 1885.

SIMONSEN, Niels, painter and sculptor, was
born in Copenhagen in 1807, and was first appren-
ticed to a house painter, but afterwards studied in
the Academy, and in 1826 in Lund's atelier. Later
in his career he devoted himself for some years to
sculpture, but finally reverted to painting, and
worked from 1833 to 1845 in Munich. In the
latter year he returned and settled in Copenhagen.
He served in the campaign of 1848, and painted
many of its incidents. He afterwards visited
Sweden and Italy, and died in 1885. Two of his
pictures are in the Royal Danish Gallery.



Steinla



SUPPLEMENT.



Zimmermaim



STEINLA, MoElTZ, engraver, whose real name
was MuLLER, which he changed for that of Steinla
as more distinctive, was horn at Steinla near Hilde-
sheim in 1791. He received his first training at
the Dresden Academy, and showing remarkable
promise, was sent by the King of Saxony to
Florence and to Milan, where he studied succes-
sively under Morghen and Longhi. His first im-
portant plate was after Titian's 'Tribute Money,'
and was published in 1829. It was followed by a
'Pieta' after Era Bartolommeo (1830), 'The Mur-
der of the Innocents' after Eaphael (1836), the
'Madonna della Misericordia ' after Era Barto-
lommeo (1838), and in 1841 and 1848 respectively
by plates from the two gems of the Dresden
Gallery, Holbein's 'Madonna' and Raphael's 'Ma-
donna di San Sisto.' For the former he was
awarded a gold medal in Paris. His last important
work was a plate after Eaphael's 'Madonna del
Pesce,' which he executed at Madrid in 1851. On
his returning to settle in Dresden he was appointed
Professor of Engraving at the Academy. He died
at Dresden, September 21, 1858.

STEPHENSON, Jambs, engraver, was born at
Manchester, November 26, 1808. He was a pupil
of the Findens, and worked both in line and mez-
zotint. He first exhibited at the Academy in 1856.
He engraved much after Maclise, T. Faed, Sir J.
W. Gordon, Sir John Millais, &c., and also in illus-
tration of books. Among his best plates are:

The Day of Wrath ; after Martin.

The Last Judgment ; after the same.

The Plains of Heaven ; after the same.

The Highland "Whiskey Still ; after Landseer.

The Taming of the Shrew ; after the same.

The Queen at Osborne ; after the same,

Ophelia ; after Sir John Millais.

Portrait of Lord Tennyson ; after G. F. Watts.

He died May 28, 1886.

SWINTON, James, portrait-painter, was born
about 1820, and exhibited at the Royal Academy,
at Suffolk Street, and with the British Institution.
For about twenty years he was a very fashion-
able portrait painter, among his sitters being the
Emperor Napoleon III., Lady Burdett-Coutts, Lady
Dufferin, Lady Marian Alford, Mrs. Norton, and
Lady Seymour. His portrait of Professor Wilson
is in the Scottish National Gallery. He died in
December, 1888.

SYER, John, an English painter, was born at
Bristol (?) in 1815. He painted landscape in a
style formed chiefly upon that of William Muller,
but failed as a colourist. He exhibited at the
Academy, the British Institution, and with the
British Artists, between 1832 and 1875. He died
in July, 1885.

TAYLOR, John, an English painter, perhaps an
amateur, to whom, as well as to Burbage the
actor, the Chandos portrait of ' Shakespeare ' has
been ascribed. That portrait has been traced back
to the hands of Joseph Taylor, who is believed to
have been the first impersonator of Hamlet ; John
Taylor is said to have been his brother. The
Chandos portrait is now in the National Portrait
Gallery. See Elze's ' William Shakespeare ' (trans-
lated by L. D. Schmit; pp. 263, 559, 661).

THOMPSON, Jacob, painter, was born at Penrith,
April 28, 1807, and was educated in art with the
help of Lord Lonsdale. His patron sent him to
London in 1829 with an introduction to Lawrence,

3d*



and he became a student at the Royal Academy,
where he received much encouragement from
Hilton, Smirke, and Lawrence. He. began by
exhibiting portraits in 1833, but subsequently
devoted himself mainly to landscape with figures,
taken chiefly from his native Cumberland, and
from Scotland. He died December 27, 1879. See
also ' The Life and Works of Jacob Thompson,' by
Llewellyn Jewitt. (1882.)

THOMSON, John Knighton, an English painter,
was born about 1820. From 1849 to shortly before
his death he was a constant exhibitor at the
Academy, and with the Society of British Artists.
He also exhibited at the British Institution. His
' First Easter Dawn ' has been engraved. He died
in 1888.

THORBURN, Robert, painter, was born at
Dumfries in 1818. He was educated in the high
school of his native town, and afterwards in the
Royal Scottish Academy. The Duke of Bucoleuch
sent him to London in 1836 with letters of intro-
duction. He entered the Royal Academy schools,
and soon became favourably known as a portrait
painter, chiefly in miniature. He first exhibited at
the Academy in 1837, from which year till 1884 he
was a constant contributor. In 1848 he was elected
an A.R.A., an honour which he resigned a few
months before his death. His miniatures were
fashionable, among his sitters being the Queen
and other members of the Royal Family ; the
Marchioness of Waterford, Viscountess Canning,
the Duchess of Buccleuch, Lord and Lady Mount
Edgcumbe, Mrs. Gladstone, and many others.
Finding that his speciality had been virtually
superseded by photography, he had long abandoned
it for the painting of oil pictures, when he died at
Tunbridge Wells, November 2, 1885.

VIVA, Tommaso db, an Italian painter of histori-
cal subjects, was born at Rome in 1790, and painted
much for the public buildings of that city. He
was a professor in the Institute delle Belle Arte,
Inspector-general of all the Royal Galleries, and a
member of the Academies of the Pantheon and San
Luca, He received many honours from the Italian
Government, and continued the active exercise of
his profession down to the time of his death, which
occurred in October, 1884.

VOGEL, JoHANN Philipp Albert, an engraver
upon wood, was born at Berlin in 1814, and was
the son of the engraver Johann Daniel Vogel. His
artistic career is almost identical with that of his
younger brother, Karl Friedr. Otto {q.v. above).
He worked for a short time at Leipsio for the
publisher Baumgartner, and in 1835 returned and
settled in Berlin, where he became director of the
wood-engravers' atelier at the Academy. He died
April 15, 1886.

ZALISKI, Margin, a Polish painter of architec-
ture, chiefly church interiors, practised in the
middle of the 19th century, and was professor at
the Warsaw Academy. He was accused of com-
plicity in a plot against the Russian Government,
and sent to the Siberian mines. He died in October,
1885.

ZIMMERMANN, Friedrich, a German engraver,
was born at Gordemitz, near Merseburg, in 1826.
He studied at the Academies of Leipsio and Dresden,
under Sichling and Steinla, but finished his training
in Paris and Munich. He died in 1887.

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Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 201 of 201)