Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Vasari, of ei2;hty-three. Among extant works by
him are the following:

Florence. Academy, Presentation in the Temple. 1342.
„ „ Two panels with scenes from the

Lives of St. Nicholas and St.

Siena. Academy. Madonna del Donzelli. 1344.

LORENZETTI, Giovanni Battista, a native of
Verona, flourished about 1640. He painted several
frescoes in the churches of Verona.

LORENZETTI, Pietro, called by Vasari Pieteo
Ladkati, whose father's name was Lorenzo, was
born in the latter part of the 13th century, and first
appears as an artist in 1305, when he received one
hundred and ten livres for painting part of an
altar-piece at Siena, called ' La Tavola dei Nove.'
In 1326 he painted an altar-piece for the ' casa
deir opera ' of the cathedral of Siena, where can still
be seen four panels belonging to it, with SS. Mary
Magdalene, Catharine, Francis, and Romualdo. The
church of Sant' Ansano, outside Siena, possesses an
altar-piece with his signature, and the date 1329.
It is a ' Madonna and Child, with four Angels,
between SS. Anthony and Nicholas.' In 1333 he
painted the ' Madonna ' above the new portal of
the catl.edral, which in 1357 had to be restored by
Luca di Tome ; and in 1335 he executed an altar-
piece called ' di San Savino,' for the same building.
In that same year Pietro, in conjunction with his
younger brother Ambrogio, painted the ' Marriage
of the Virgin' on the front of the Spedale of
Siena, which was destroyed in 1720. A long series
of frescoes have recently been rescued from white-
wash in the church of San Francesco in Siena,
which admirably show Pietro's style and finish.
They represent different incidents in the Passion,
from the ' Entry into Jerusalem ' up to the ' Resur-
rection,' also the 'Miracle of the Stigmata of St.
Francis,' and the episode of the ' Death of Judas.'
These frescoes are remarkable for their vigour and
harmony, and show Pietro to have possessed great
talents both as a colourist and a draughtsman.
The Campo Santo, Pisa, contains some frescoes by
him (for some time ascribed to Orcagna), which,
although very considerably damaged by damp and
by time, still show how great his ability as an artist
was. These frescoes illustrate different legends
of the lives of the saints and hermits in the The-
baide, and are admirable in the diversity of their
incidents, and in the truth and force with which
they are depicted. The date of Pietro's death is
uncertain, but it is probable that he died in 1348,
when the plague devastated Italy. Among his
extant works are the following,:

Arezzo. Fieve. The Virgin and Child, with Saints.

Berlin. Gallery. Madonna and Child, with Saints,

and five other examples.

Oortona. S. Marco. A Crucifix.

Floreace. Uffizi. The Thebaide in Egypt.

„ „ Madonna and Saints. 1340.

London. N'at. Gall. A Legendary Subject.

Monte Polciano. Ms- ) Coronation of the Virgm.

encordia. j °

Siena. Academy. Two panels with Scenes from the

Carmelite Annals, and five other
Rome. Museo Oris- Eight small panels illustrative of
iiano. the Martyrdom of St. Stephen
and other Saints.

LORENZETTI, Sano, or Ansano di Pietro, a
native of Siena, flourished in the 15th century. In
the Palazzo Pubblico are several frescoes by this
artist, representing the ' Coronation of the Virgin,'
and a ' Madonna,' painted in 1459.

LORENZI, Francesco, an Italian painter, was
born at Verona in 1719. He was a pupil of J. B.
Tiepolo. His ' Holy Family ' at Brescia and hia
frescoes at Verona show great sweetness of colour
and outline. He died in 1783.

LORENZI, Lorenzo, an Italian engraver, was a
native of V'olterra, who flourished about 1760. He
was a pupil of Cigna, and engraved part of the
plates from the pictures in the cabinet of the
Marquis Gerini, Among his principal works are :

The Eternal Father between Adam and Eve ; after

The Virgin and Child ; after Annilale Carracci.

Landscape ; after Titian.

Psyche and Cupid ; after Manozzi,

LORENZINI, Fra Antonio, or Gianantonio, a
Bolognese painter and engraver, was born in 1666,
and was a scholar of Lorenzo Pasinelli. He is
little known as a painter, as he devoted himself in
the early part of his life entirely to engraving.
In 1699 he was employed at Florence, in conjunc-
tion with Theodor Verkruis, Mogalli, and others,
to engrave the pictures in the gallery of the grand-
duke, sometimes found collected in a single volunio
under the title of ' Gallery of the Grand-Duke of
Tuscany,' in a set containing one hundred and
forty-seven subjects, engraved on one hundred
and sixty-seven plates. He died in 1740. Nag-
ler gives a list of seventy-six engravings by him.
His plates are almost entirely etched, and the
following are the principal :

St. Anthony of Padua working a Miracle ; after Fa-

The Martyrdom of St. Ursula ; after the same.

St. John preaching in the Wilderness ; after the same.

The Ascension ; after L. Can'acci.

The Virgin and Child ; after Agostino Carracci.

St. Dominick taken up into Heaven ; after Guido.

St. Philip Neri kneeling before the Virgin ; after 0,

St. John, surrounded by Angels ; after Correyyio,
The Annunciation ; after Paolo Veronese.
The Baptism of Christ ; after the same.
The Baising of Lazarus ; after the same.
Noah building the Ark ; after Giacomo Bassano.
St. Augustine, with a glory of Angels ; after Tintoretto.
Joseph sold by his Brethren ; after Aiidrea del Sarto.
Joseph governing Egypt ; after the same. ,
David with the Head of Goliath ; after Guercino.
Christ with the Disciples at Emmaus ; after the same.
St. Peter delivered from Prison ; after the same.
The Holy Women at the Sepulchre ; after Fietro da

Venus and Cupid ; after Carlo Cigmini.

LORENZO, Don, called II Monaco, a Camal-
dolese monk of the convent of the Angeli at
Florence, was born about 1370, and probiibly in-
structed by Agnolo Gaddi, though his style re-
sembles that of Spinello Aretino, as well as of Fra
Angelico. His figures are expressive of religious
feeling, but somewhat cold. As a miniaturist he
is most successful in his smaller works. He died
in 1426. His best performances are :

C The Coronation of the Virgin,

I with side pictures of the

Cerreto. Camaldolesej Adoration of the Magi and

Abbey. j of the Shepherds, and scenes

from the life of St. Bernard.

^ 1413.

Certaldo. Sig. Landi. The Coronation of the Virgin ;

of a small size.






Florence. Monte Oliveto.
„ *S'. Trinita,

„ UJizi.

„ Academy.

London. Nat. Galleiy.

Paris. Mtisie de Cluny.
„ Louvre.

Church. The Virgin and Child, with
Saints. 1404.

Madonna, with Saints.

The Annnnciation.

Adoration of the Magi.

Christ on the Cross.

The Virgin.

St. John.

The Annunciation.

The Laterals of the 'Corona-
tion of the Virgin 'at Certaldo.

Christ on the Mount of Olives.

The Three Maries at the Sepul-

St. Lawrence, St. Agnes, and St.

LORENZO, Bicri di. See Bicct.

LORENZO, FxoiiisNzo di. See Fiokenzo.

LORENZO, Francesco, called Lorenzo di
Verona, was born at Verona in 1719. He painted
Mstorieal and allegorical subjects and landscapes.

LORENZO, PiERo DI. See Piero.



LORENZO Di NICC0L6. See Geeini.

LORENZO DI PIETRO, called II Vecchietta,
was born at Gastiglione di Valdoroia, in the province
of Siena, about 1412. He was a painter, a gold-
smith, a sculptor, and an architect ; but he did not
succeed well in any one of these branches of art.
Siena possesses in the Palazzo Pubblico and in the
sacristy of the Spedale remains of frescoes by
him, which have been recently freed from a
covering of whitewash. An altar-piece by him is
in the cathedra] of Pienza, and the gallery of the
Uffizi possesses a signed work by his hand. The
dates on Lorenzo di Pietro's paintings extend from
1441 to 1457. He died in 1480.

LORENZO DI VITERBO, was a painter of the
15th century, who executed a famous fresco repre-
senting the ' Marriage of the Virgin,' in a chapel
of the Servite Church at Viterbo.


LORI, Gabriel. See Lory.

LOKICHS, Melchior. See LoRCH.

LORIONE. This name is affixed to a shght
etching of ruins in a landscape, with several
figures. It appears to be the work of a painter.

LORME. De. See De Lorme.

LOERAIN, Cladde. See Gell^e.

LORRAINE, XTean Baptiste de, a French en-
graver, ujentioned by Basan, was born in Paris in
17^7, and died at the end of the 18th century.
He engraved some plates of portraits, and other

LORY, Gabriel, (or LoRi,) a Swiss painter and
engraver, was born at Berne about 1763. He
worked first at Berne, and about 1806 at Herisau,
from whence he went to assist Osterwald in
Neufch§,tel. He died in 1840. He was a superior
landscape painter, and among his productions
are :

Several collections of Swiss Views ; executed in conjunc-
tion with Lafond and Zehnder.

A collection of Russian Views ; executed conjointly with
his son Geoi'g, who was born in 1795.

Eomantic Journeys over the Simplon ; the same.

The Bernese Bathing Girl.

LOSCHER, Andreas, was born at Schafienstein
in Bavaria. He spent some time in Venice and
Rome, and afterwards went to Augsburg, where he
devoted himself to portrait painting. He died in
. 78

LOSGIil, Bernardino, Ihe son of Jacopo Loschi,
was born at Parma in 1489. He painted an altar-
piece, now in the Gallery of Modena, representing
the ' Virgin and Child, between SS. Anthony and
Nicholas, with four Angels,' signed by him in 1515.
He was also the author of many paintings and
frescoes in the churches and the castle of Carpi,
where he died whilst in the service of Alberto Pio,
in 1540.

LOSCHI, Jacopo, was born at Parma in 1459.
He painted in 1488 a standard and an altar-piece
for San Giovanni, Parma ; and in 1496 he produced
the ' Virgin and Child ' for the Servi at Carpi, a
picture that afterwards became famous for its
miracles, but which has been lost since 1707. The
Gallery of Parma possesses a ' Madonna and Child,'
signed by him in 1471 ; and in the Gall ry at
Modena is a 'Magdalene.' Many of the churches
in that city possess paintings by him and by h's
f atCer-in-law, Bartolommeo Grossi. Loschi died at
Carpi in 1604.

LOSENKO, Anton Pavlovich, a Russian his-
torical painter, was born at Gluchov in 1737. He
studied at the Academy of St. Petersburg, and
afterwards travelled through France and Italy. He
returned to St. Petersburg, where he gained great
reputation, and became Director of the Academy.
He died there in 1773.

LOSSOW, Fkiedrich, was bom at Munich in
1837, and entered the Academy of that city, where
from 1860 he studied the technicalities of the art
under Piloty. For the most part, however, he was
his own instructor, and distinguished himself as a
painter of aniinals and of humorous pieces, which
appeared in the ' Miinchener Bilderbogen ' and in
the 'FHegende Blatter.' He died at Munich in
1872. The following works by him may be men-
tioned :

The Story of the Little Eoe.

The Fable Book.

The House Dog. 1860.

Dog with Puppies.

Eat-Oatching. 1861 and 1862.

Dog and Monkey Travelling Performance. 1866.

Skye Terrier in a Child's Carriage.

LOSSOW, Karl, was born at Munich in 1835,
and studied at the Academy of that city. On
visiting Italy in 1856 he became acquainted with
the Hereditary Prince George of Saxe-Meiningen,
who employed him in his Villa Carlotta at Lake
Como. He died at Home in 1861. Among his
paintings for Prince George are the following :

Horand courting Hilda, the daughter of King Hagen,

on behalf of Hettel, King of the Danes ; scene from

' GudruD.'
Hagen carried off by Greif , and how he maintained the

Fight with the elder Greif.
Three Cartoons taken from Uhland's ' Chapel.'
Heine's ' King's Child,' and a Hunting Song.
A Cartoon representing the Taking of the Town of

the Malli by Alexander the Great.

LOTEN, Jan. See Looten.

LOTH, Franz, a German painter, was born at
Munich in 1641. He was a brother of Johann Karl
Loth, with whom he visited Venice, where he resided
for several years. In 1699 he returned to Munich,
where he died in 1701.

LOTH, JoiiANN Karl, called in Itjly Carlotto,
was born at Munich in 1632. He was the son
of Johann Ulrich Loth, under whom he studied
for a short time, and then went to Venice, where
he worked under Pietro Liberi. After painting
some historical pictures at Venice, he went to




Vienna, where he painted portraits of the Emperor
and other distinguished personages. In the church
of the Lesser Hospital at Venice is a picture of a
' Dead Christ'; in the church of San Giovanni Cri-
Bostoino is an altar-piece, representing the ' Death of
St. Joseph'; and other works are to be found in
the galleries of Augsburg, Bordeaux, Brunswick,
Cassel, Dresden, Munich, and Vienna, He died at
Venice in 1698.

LOTH, JoHANN Ulrioh, was born at Munich
about 1590, and was first instructed by his father, a
painter on glass, and afterwards by Pietro Candido ;
he probably studied also under Carlo Saraceno at
Venice during 1610-13. After returning to Munich,
he became about 1620 court painter to the Elector
Maximilian. He died at that city in 1662. He
painted in oil, water-colours, and miniature. His
best works are considered to be :

Augsburg. Gallery.

Munich. PetersHrche.

„ MeiliggeistMrche.

Several pioductious.
The Last Supper.
The Descent of the Holy

LOTH, Onofrio, a painter, was born at Naples in
1662. He was a pupil of Ruoppoli, and painted
fruit and flowers. He died at Naples in 1717.

LOTTER, Tobias Conkad, a German engraver,
was bom at Augsburg in 1717, and died in 1777.

LOTTES, Chkistian, a German engraver, was
born at Nuremberg in 1701. He worked also at
Augsburg, and died in 1740.

LOTTI, Cosmo, was a painter and mechanician
of Florence, in the service of Philip IV. of Spain.
He furnished the marine and woodland scenery for
Lope de Vega's pastoral drama, ' Selva de Amor.'

LOTTO, Lorenzo, was born about 1480, pro-
bably at T'reviso. He is said to have learned his
art from Andrea Previtale, and to have gone in
early life to Venice, where, according to Vasari, he
became the journeyman and friend of Palma
Veochio, and also studied under both Giovanni
Bellini and Giorgione. His earliest known paint-
ings are a ' Holy Conversation' in the Borghese
jPalace, Rome, and an altar-piece belonging to the
church of San Domenico, Recanati, both having
the date of 1608. The church of San Floriano at
Jesi has an 'Entombment,' painted by him in 1512,
and of about this date is the altar-piece of the
church of San Pietro Martire, at Alzano, represent-
ing the 'Death of St. Peter Martyr.' In 1613
Alessandro Martinengo of Bergamo chose Lotto
from amongst the Bergamese artists to paint the
altar-piece for the church of San Stefano, and
agreed to pay him five hundred ducats in gold for
it Lotto took three years to complete this immense
work, which was first exhibited in 1516, and then
consisted of a central panel with a ' Virgin and
Child enthroned, attended by Angels, and adored
by SS. Domiiiick, Alexander, Barbara, Roch, Mark,
Stephen, John the Baptist, Augustine, and Sebas-
tian'; a triangular tympanum with an 'Angel bearing
the Orb and Sceptre ' (both of which are now in
theohurchof SanBartolommeo atBergamo)f and a
predella containing the ' Resurrection,' the ' Stoning
of St. Stephen,' and a ' Miracle of St. Dominick,'
which is now in the Piccinelli Collection at Seriate,
near Bergamo. Existing records prove that at this
same period Lotto painted a standard for the
Brotherhood of Mercy at Bergamo, designed many
of the cartoons for the ' tarsias ' in Santa Maria
Maggiore, and furnished the two large altar-pieces
of the churches of San Spirito and San Bernardino,
Bergamo. In 1524, at the request of the Suardi

family, he decorated the chapel of St. Barbara, at
Novate, near Trescorre, with frescoes illustrating
the lives of St. Barbara and another saint, which,
although much injured, can be still seen. Soon
afterwards were completed the fresco of the
' Visitation' in the church of San Michele Arcangelo,
Bergamo, and the ' Glory of St. Dominick ' in the
church of the same name at Recanati. In 1525
Lotto left Bergamo and travelled towards Venice,
where he remained for some years. He is known
to have been in Treviso in 1544, and to have there
valued an altar-piece painted by Francesco Beca-
ruzzi. In 1660 he was at Ancona, where he painted
the altar-piece of the ' Madonna and Angels, with
four Saints,' for the church of Santa Maria deli a
Pace, and also agreed to paint seven canvases for
the church of Loreto, which are now to be seen in
the governor's palace in that town. Lotto died
at Loreto soon after 1654. This painter's most
celebrated altar-pieces arc to be seen in the churcljes
of the Carmine and SS. Giovanni e Paolo, Venice,
the cathedral of Asola, and at Monte San Giusto,
near Ancona, where the church possesses a 'Cruci-
fixion,' containing twenty-three life-size figures.
Besides these the following are extant :


rara Coll.

S. Bartolonimeo.

S. Bemardim).
S. Michele.


S. Spirito.

Brescia. Tisi Gallery.

Florence. Uffizi.

„ Pitti Pal.

Hampton Court. Pal.

London. A'at. Gallery.


Bridgewater Gal





Munich. Gallery.
Paris. Louvre

Petersburg. , Hermitage.

Bome. QuiHnal.

„ Boryhese Pal.

„ Rospiyliosi Pal.

Vienna. Gallery.

Maxriage of St. Catharine.

Adoration of the Sleeping

Christ. 1533.
Tirgin surrounded by Saints

and Angels. 1516.
Virgin and Child. 1521.
Frescoes: The Annunciation,

Visitation, Marriage of the

Virgin surrounded by Saints

and Angels. 1521.
Christ parting from his Mother.

SS. Christopher and Sebastian.

His own Portrait.
Portrait of an Architect.
Portrait of a Young Man.

Holy Family. 1534.
The Three Ages.
Portrait of Andrea Odoni.

Portraits of Agostino and

Niccolo della Torre. 1515.
A Family Group.
Madonna and Child, with

Marsilio and his Bride, with a

figure of Amor. 1523.
A Pieta.
Three Portraits.
Marriage of St. Catharine.
The 'Woraan taken in Adultery.
Holy Family.
Penitence of St. Jerome.
Portrait of a Man.
Marriageof St. Catharine. 1524.
The Virgin and St. Onofrio;

The Virgin adored by SS.

Catharine aud James.

LOTYN, Jan, a native of Brussels, was a flower
painter employed a long time by Queen Mary 11.
of England, after whose death he returned to his
native city, where he died after 1695.

LOUIS, Leonard FRANgois, a portrait painter,

was born at the Hague in 1698, and was a pupil of

Pieter van Kink and Jan VoUevens, He died at

the Hague in 1786.

' 79-




LOUND, Thomas, a landscape painter in oil
and water-colours, was born in 1803. He was
engaged in the brewing trade at Norwich, and
pursued art as a recreation. His works appeared at
the Royal Academy from 1846 to 1855. He died at
Norwich in 1861. There is a water-colour drawing
of ' Framlingham Castle ' by him in the South
Kensington Museum.

LOUTHERBOURG, Philippe Jacques de, was
born at Strassburg in 1740. He was the son and
pupil of a miniature painter, who settled in
Paris, where his son was placed under the tuition
of Tisohbein and Francesco Casanova, and became
a very popular painter of battles, hunts, sea-
pieces, and landscapes, with figures and cattle,
in which last he at that time appears to have
imitated the charming style of Nicoiaas Berchem.
His works were universally admired, and in 1768
he was made a member of the Academy of Paint-
ing in Paris, and afterwards appointed court painter
by the king. Though he met with very flattering
encouragement, he in 1771 quitted France, and
settled in London, where he passed the remainder
of Ids life. Soon after his arrival in England he
was employed to mal^e the designs for the scenes
and decorations of Drury Lane Theatre, and in
that province of art he displayed extraordinary
ability. In 1780 he was elected an Associate of
the Royal Academy, and in 1781 became an Aca-
demician. He died at Chiswick in 1812. When
Macklin projected his Bible, De Loutherbourg was
engaged to exercise his powers as a historical
painter ; on which occasion he painted two pictures,
representing the ' Angel 'destroying the Assyrian
Host,' and the ' Universal Deluge ' ; the latter was
considered as his best performance in that depart-
ment. Besides a great variety of easel pictures,
De Loutherbourg occasionally employed his talents
on a larger scale, in commemoration of the most
remarkable military and naval events of the time.
Among his most noted paintings are :

The Review of "Warley Camp. (Royal Collection.)
Lord Howe's Victoryof the 1st June, 1794. {Greemoich

The Defeat of the Spanish Armada. {J%e same.)
The Siege of Valeucienues.
The Lauding of the English in Egypt.
Victory of Admiral Duncan over the Dutch, 1797.
The Fire of London, 1666.

View of Skiddaw.

View of a Lead Mine in Cumberland.
Landscape and Cattle ; thunderstorm. [Glasgow Gallery.)
Two Landscapes. {Bordeaux Museum.)

He has left the following and other etchings :

Six plates of Peasants.

Six plates of Soldiers.

The Four Times of the Day.

LOUVEMENT, FRANgois de, a French engravei,
was born at Nevers in 1648. He is said by Florent
Le Comte to have resided some time in Italy, at
the time when Francois de PoiUy studied at Naples.
He died about 1690. He engraved several plates
after the Italian masters, including Lanfranco,
Solimena, and others, among which are :

The Stoning of St. Stephen; after Pietro da Cortona.
St. Francis Xavier interceding for the Plague-stricken ;
after Ciro Ferri,

LOUVION, Jean Maeie, a French engraver, was
born at Versailles in 1740. He studied under
Fossard, and worked chiefly for the booksellers.
He died in 1804.


LOUW, PlETEB, a Dutch painter and engraver,
was bom at Amsterdam in 1720. He spent most
of his time in drawing from the best masters.
In 1743 he was made a member of the Academy,
and in 1768 one of the Directors. He died be-
tween 1794 and 1800.

LOUYS, Jan, (or Loys,) a Flemish engraver, was
born at Antwerp about the year 1600. He was a
pupil of Pieter Soutman, at the time when Suyder-
hoef studied under that master, and he engraved
several plates after his instructor's designs. The
following are his principal prints :


Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy ; after Soutman.
Louis XIIL, King of France ; after Rubens.
Anne of Austria, his Queen ; after the same.
Philip IV., King of Spain ; after the same.
Elizabeth of Bourbon, his Queen ; after the same.
Francois Thomas of Savoy, Prince of Carignan ; after
Van Dyck.


The Resurrection of Lazarus; a. fine copy from the

print by J. Lievens.
St. Anthony; after Allrrecht Diirer.
Diana and her Nymphs reposing after the Chase ; after

The Interior of a Dutch Kitchen ; after Ostade.
Peasants amusing themselves ; after A. Both.
A Dutch Kitchen ; after W. Kalf.

LOVELL, Peregrine, an engraver who flourished
about the middle of the 16th century, worked in
the style of Hollar. There are some small en-
gravings of Flemish soldiers by him, and speci-
mens of his work will also be found in Delia Bella's
Drawing-Book (1634).

LOVER, Samuel, an Irish miniature and land-
scape painter, was born at Dublin in 1797. He early
obtained a reputation for his miniatures, and was
elected a member of the Hibernian Academy in
1822. Much of his time was taken up by giving
entertainments illustrative of Irish character. He
also achieved a considerable literary reputation
by his novels, and had a civil list pension of £100.
Many of his landscapes and portraits were ex-
hibited at the Royal Academy. During his last
years he lived in Jersey, where he died in 1868.

LOWE, JoHANN Michael Siegfried, a German
painter and engraver, was born at Konigsberg in
1756. He studied first at Berlin, and afterwards
went to Dresden. He visited Venice and Vienna,
and in 1780 went to Russia, where he stayed some
time, returning to Berlin in 1795. He painted
portraits and historical subjects, and Was living
in 1822.

LOWE, Mauritius, an historical painter, was
born about the middle of the 18th century. He
was a pupil of Cipriani, and studied in the schools

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 21 of 201)