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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Seventeen plates for the ' History of Finland.'

Seventeen plates for the ' Voyages orientaux de M.

One hundred and five plates for the ' History of the

The Prophet Jonah preaching to the Nluevites.

The Assassination of Henry IV. of France.

The Massacre of St. Bartholomew ; on two sheets (in
conjunction with Gaspar Luiken).

A great variety of emblematical subjects, fairs, public
ceremonies, book ornaments, &c.

LUINI, Ambbogio, a brother and pupil of Bernar-
dino Luini, flourished in the earlier part of the 16th
century, and was a good artist, as is shown by his
frescoes of the Madonna at Saronno.

LUINI, AuEELio, son of Bernardino Luini, was
born at Milan about 1530, and was still living in
1584. In the Brera at Milan is a picture of the
' Martyrdom of St. Vincent the Deacon.'

LUINI, Beenardino, called erroneously by
Vasari Beenaedino del Lupino, was born at Luino
on the Lago Maggiore between 1460 and 1470.
He was a pupil of Stefano Scotto, but in the middle
part of his career he became an imitator and fol-
lower of Leonardo da Vinci. His early works
bear no trace of Leonardo's style, and his late
productions evince much originality, with Leo-
nardo's manner for a basis. Several of his best
works have for a long time been attributed
to the hand of Leonardo. He worked in the
churches of Milan and the neighbouring towns.
Milan, Saronno, and Lugano still possess his best
pictures, which for sweetness and depth of feeling
are unrivalled. He was still living in 1530. It is
impossible for one artist to approach nearer to the
style of another than Luini does to that of Leo-
nardo. There is the same taste in his composition
and design, the same peculiarity of colour and
extraordinary relief ; and it requires an intimate
acquaintance with the works of Leonardo to dis-
criminate between them. To form a just idea of
the powers of Luini, it would be necessary to
study his series of pictures of the ' Life of the
Virgin,' at Saronno, in which the Virgin is repre-
sented with a beauty, dignity, and modesty which




„ Palazzo Cappord.
Hampton Court. Pal,

»» J)

Legnano. Church.
London. Xat. Gall.



resemble the works of Raphael. He was not less
distinguished in his fresco paintings, of which the
principal are the ' Christ crowned with Thorns ' in
the Gollegio del S. Sepolcro, and those in the choir
of the Monastero Maggiore at Milan. The follow-
ing are among Luiiii's extant works :
Corao. Cathedral. Adoration of the Magi (m tempera) .

n 1) Adoration of the Shepherds [in

Darmstadt. Gallery. Virgin and Child.
Florence. Ufizi. The Daughter of Herodias with

the Head of John the Baptist.
Madonna kissing the Child.

St. Catharine.
Christ and the Doctors.

Lugano. & Maria 1 m, „ . / j. ^

%?i .^n^cZi. P^® P'^'^i™ O**''")- 1529.
„ „ Madonna with two Children.

„ „ Last Supper.

*5""T'' ■l^*''*y'^''°«"' °f St. Maurice and
{Mo7iastero >■ gt Catharine {fresco).
Maggiore.)} " '

Christ at the Column (fresco).
gt. Catharine borne to the tomb

by Angels.
Madonna and Child in a Rose

. Madonna enthroned, with SS.
Anthony and Barbara (fresco).
Birth of Adonis.
Sacrifice to Pan.
Metamorphosis of Daphne.
Young Girls playing.
The Drunkenness of Noah.
Christ crowned with Thorns,
adored by the Confraternity of
the Holy Cross.
The Eedeemer.
St. Catharine.
Virgin and Infant.
Holy Family.
Sleep of the Child Jesus.
„ ,, Salome receiving the Head of

John the Baptist.
„ „ The Forge of Vulcan.

„ „ Two Pictures of Children.

,, „ The Nativity.

„ „ Adoration of the Magi.

„ „ Christ.

Pavia. Chartreuse. The Virgin and Child plucking
a Flower.
„ „ St. Sebastian and St. Christopher.

Petersburg. Hermitage, Virgin and Child.
„ „ St. Catharine.

„ „ Portrait of a young Lady.

„ „ St. Sebastian.

Sciarra Pal. Modesty and Vanity.









-^^f ™^^| The Marriage of the Virgin.


SS.Eochand Sebastian. [Frescoes.)
Adoration of the Magi. 1525.
The Presentation in the Temple.
St. AppoUonia with an Angel.
St. Catharine with an AngeL
The Daughter of Herodias.
St. Jerome.

LUINI, EvANGELiSTA, a younger brother of Ber-
nardino Luini, flourished in the 16th century. He
chiefly devoted himself to the painting of ornament.

LUINI, LuiGi Cesaee, was a native of Valesia,
in Lombardy, who flourished in the 16th century.
He was a pupil of Gaudenzio Ferrari, and painted
several frescoes afVarallo, near Como.

LUINI, ToMMASo, a painter, was born at Rome
about 1697. He was a pupil of Andrea Sacohi,
and an imitator of Caravaggio, so that he was

called " Caravaqgino." At San Carlo al Corso are
several frescoes by this artist. He died about 1632.

LUISMON, JoHANN Anton. See Eismann.

LUIZ, was a Portuguese painter of the 15(h cen-
tury, who painted between 1442 and 1446 several
historical pictures in the monastery of Naxera.

LUKE, Saint. The well-known tradition that
the Evangelist Luke was a painter rests on the
authority of Nicephorus, of the Menology of the
Emperor Basil, and of other late writers. None of
these are of historical authority, and the New
Testament makes no mention of a fact so likely to
have been recorded.

LUMLEY, George, an amateur, has left several
portraits engraved in mezzotint. He was a
solicitor, and resided at York, where he died
in 1768 at the age of 60. Among his works are
the following :

Thomas Comber, Dean of Durham.
Lady Mary Fenwiek ; after Dahl.
Sir "Walter Hawksworth, Bart.
Sir Mark Millbauke, Bart.

LUNARDUS, a wood engraver, flourished about
1520. He executed some cuts of frontispieces and
book ornaments from his own designs.

LUND, Jens Petersen, a Danish painter and
etcher, was born in Sonderjylland, and received
his first instruction at the Academy at Copenhagen.
In 1756 he received the gold medal, and then
visited France and Italy, remaining in Rome for
some time. He returned to Copenhagen in 1775,
where he painted landscapes and architectural
pieces, and died in 1790.

LUND, JoHAN LuDviG Gerhard, a Danish
painter, was born at Riel in 1777. In 1796 he
entered the Academy of Copenhagen, where he
remained three years, and then went to Dresden.
In 1800 he went to Paris, and entered the atelier
of David. In 1802 he went to Rome, where he
painted his picture of 'Andromache,' and others.
He returned to Copenhagen in 1810, and became a
professor of the Academy. In 1814 he painted the
' Return of Habor from the Battle,' and in 1819
the 'Magdalene at the Sepulchre.' The picture of
the ' Walk to Emmaus ' is in the church at Fiihnen.
He died in 1867.

LUNDBERG, Gustave, was a French portrait
painter, who exhibited at the Salon between 1743
and 1767. He was a member of the Royal Academy
of Painting and Sculpture.

LUNDBYE, JoHAN Thomas, a Danish landscape
and animal painter, was born at Kallundborg in
1818, and died at Flensburg in 1848. Among his
pictures are :

Copenhagen. Gallery. A Milking Place at Vognserup.
„ „ A Cow Shed.

„ „ Open Country in the North of

„ „ Oxen in the Carapagna.

LUNDENS, Gbreit, was a Dutch painter, who
flourished about 1666. He painted conversation
pieces in the style of Metsu, Ostade, and other
Dutch painters. His works are found in the
Dresden and Hanover Galleries.

LUNDGREN, Egron, a Swedish landscape and
subject painter in water-colours, was born at Stock-
holm in 1816. He was educated in Paris under
Cogniet, and afterwards travelled much in Italy,
Spain, Egypt, and India, in which last counti-y he
accompanied the staff of Lord Clyde. Through
meeting John Phillip at Seville, he came to
England in 1853, where he subsequently chiefly





lived, becoming in 1864 an associate, and in 1867
a member of the Water-Oolour Society. He
published ' Letters from Spain ' and ' Letters from
India,' and died at Stockholm in 1876. Amongst his
chief works are :

The Feast of Corpus Christi at Eome. 1841. (StocTc-

holm JVational Gallery. )
Kneeling Pilgrims. 1845. {Stockholm JVational Gallery.)
Dominican Friars in the Library of Siena.
A Barber's Shop at Seville.
A Spanish Posada.
Indian Nautch Girls.
The Travelling Companions. 1873.
Eafaela. 1875.

LUNGHI, Antonio, was bom at Bologna about
the year 1685 (or, according to Zani, 1677), and was
a scholar of Giovanni Giuseppe dal Sole. He
painted historical subjects, of which the principal
are in the churches at Bologna. In Santa Maria
Maddalena is a picture of ' Christ appearing to Mary
Magdalene,' and in San Bartolommeo an altar-
piece representing ' St. Rita.' He died in 1757.

LDNY, Thomas, a marine painter, was born in
1758. His works appeared at the Royal Academy
between 1780 and 1802. There is a picture by him
at the Foundling Hospital of 'Vessels attacking
Land Batteries.' He died at Toignmouth in 1837.

LUPIGINI, Giovanni Battista. See Lopicino.

L UPTON, 'Thomas Gopf, a mezzotint engraver,
was born in London in 1791. He was the son of a
working goldsmith in Clerkenwell, and at an early
age he showed so much taste for drawing that in
1805 his father placed him under the tuition of
George Clint, A.R.A., the mezzotint engraver, and
portrait and historical painter. On the expiration
of his apprenticeship he began work on his own
account as an engraver of portraits, but finding
that he could not obtain a sufficient number of
impressions of works executed on copper to make
them remunerative, he made several experiments
on plates of nickel, the Chinese alloy called
tutenag, and steel, in the hope of discovering
something that would be more durable than copper.
He finally selected steel, and on a plate of this
metal he engraved after George CUnt a portrait of
Munden, the comedian, which proved a great
success. In 1822 he received the gold Isis medal
of the Society of Arts, as an acknowledgment of
the value of his application of soft steel to the
process of mezzotint engraving, and he was suc-
cessful in establishing the use of plates of that
metal. He worked both on steel and copper, and
produced some good plates after Sir Thomas
Lawrence, Sir Martin Shee, Thomas Phillips, and
other eminent portrait painters of his day. He
also re-engraved a selection of fifteen plates from
Turner's ' Liber Studiorura,' which were published
in 1858. Lupton died in London in 1873. Among
his more notable works are :

The Infant Samuel ; after Sir Joshua Reynolds.

The Milk Girl ; after Gainshorouyh.

Belshazzar's Feast ; after John Martin.

The Bddystone Lighthouse ; after Turner.

Sunrise— "Whiting Fishing off Margate ; after the same.

Newcastle-on-Tyne ; "j

after Turner, for the ' Rivers of
Eiicjland and TFales.'

Warkworth Castle ,
Dartmouth Castle ;
Staagate Castle ;
Whitby ;
Scarborough ;
Sheeruess ;
Dover ;
Bamsgate ;
Portsmouth :

after Turner, for the


■ after Turner, for the ' Forts of England.'

Solway Moss ;

Dunblane Abbey ;

Watercress Gatherers ;

Ben Arthur ;

Dumbarton ;

Ploughing, Eton ;

Calais Pier ; after Turner. (This plate, after several
alterations, was abandoned, and eventually sold in
Turner's sale at Christie and Manson's in 1873.)

Wellington at Quatre Bras ; aftn' Haydon.

The Poacher detected ; after Kidd.

Fawcett and Kemble in the characters of Captain Copp
and the King ; after Georye Clint.

The Widow ; after JRichter.

The Idle Servant ; after W. Maas.

Dutch Boers ; after D. Teniers.

The Passage Boat; after Aelhert Cuyp.

A Group of Cattle ; after the same.


George IV. ; after Wivell.
Lord Byron ; after Thomas Fhillips.
Wordsworth ; after Haydon.
Lord Cottenham ; after Briggs.
Sir Walter Scott ; after G. Lindsay.
Lord Brougham ; after Lonsdale.

LUSUPJER, Cathemne, was a pupil of Hubert
Drouais, and painted portraits in his style. She
died in Paris in 1781, at the age of 28. In the
Louvre is a portrait by her of Jean Germain Drouais
drawing, on the right-hand corner of which is
inscribed, " JEtaiis sum xv Jjusurier pint."

LUTERO, Giovanni di. See Dossi.

LUTI, Benedetto, was born at Florence in
1666, and was for some time a scholar of Antonio
Domenico Gabbiani. On leaving that master he
was favoured with the patronage of the grand-
duke ; and expressing a strong desire to visit
Rome, his protector promoted his wishes by sup-
plying him with the means, and accommodated
him with apartments in his palace in the Campo
Marzio. He there studied under Ciro Ferri, and
from the works of the great masters. It is to
be regretted that this able artist sliould have
occupied so much of his time in crayon drawing,
so transient in its nature, as he possessed powers
for superior performances. One of his earliest
works at Rome was his picture of the ' Death of
Abel,' wliich was publicly exhibited on the festival
of St. Bartholomew, when it excited universal
admiration by the sublimity of the composition
and the characteristic expression in the head of the
murderer. He was commissioned by Clement XI.
to paint his fine picture of 'The Prophet Isaiah'
in St. John Lateran, and other works, for which
the order of the Cross was conferred on him. He
was also knighted by the Emperor, and ennobled
by the Elector of Mentz. He died at Rome in
1724. The following paintings by him are in
public galleries :



The Virgin reading.



Moses receiving the Command-
ments on Mount Sinai.



Head of Christ.


The Virgin.



Moses on the Bank of the Nile.

His own Portrait.

Genoa. Spinola Fat.

The Virgin.



St. Charles Borromeo.



The Magdalene.

Petersburg. Sennitage.

The Sleep of the Infant Jesus.



The Magdalene.


A Young Man.



St. Eanieri.

Rome. Colonna Palace.

The Glory of St. Martin.



St. Anthony.




There are two etchings by this artist, which have
become scarce :

The Oriicifixion, with St. John and the Magdalene at

the Foot of the Cross.
A Landscape ; after Guercino.

LUTKE, Peter Ludwig, a German landscape
painter, was born at Berlin in 1759. He was
originally a merchant, but in 1785 he devoted
himself to painting, and going to Italy, studied
under Philipp Hackert in Rome from 1786 to 1787.
He decorated a room wholly with his landscapes
in the Marble Palace in Potsdam. In 1787 he was
created member of the Academy, and in 1789
professor of landscape painting. He died at
Berlin in 1831. A picture of ' Baias ' by him is
. in the National Gallery of that city.

LUTMA, Abrahait. There is an engraved
portrait of Rubens, after Van Dyok, by this artist,
but there is no account of him.

LUTMA, Jacobus, was of the same family as
Janus Lutma. He etched and finished with the
graver a set of plates of ornamental shields and
foliage ; they are executed in a neat style, from
the designs of Janus Lutma the elder. He also
engraved a plate of three portraits in a frame,
inscribed, Jan Lutma d'Oude inv. Jac. Lutma
fecit aquaforti et exc.

LUTMA, Joannes, or Janus, the younger, a
Dutch engraver and goldsmith, was born at Am-
sterdam in 1629, and was a son and probably pupil
of Janns Lutma the elder, who was a goldsmith.
Janus the younger died at his birthplace in 1689.
There are by him a set of four portraits represented
as antique busts, which are executed in a peculiar
manner, with a punch or chisel, and a mallet~; this
he called ' opus mallei ; ' also two portraits of his
father and himself, engraved in the style of Rem-
brandt, and some views of ruins, &o. in a style
executed with the point, and assisted with the
mezzotint tool. In the Amsterdam Museum is a
portrait of Paulus van Vianen, a goldsmith.

LUTTEREL, Edward, was born at Dublin
about the year 1650. He came early in his life
to Loudon, and was trained to the law in New
Inn ; but having a disposition for the arts, he
. abandoned the profession, and applied himself
to taking portraits in crayons. He studied under
Ashfield, and practised in crayons successfully.
He possessed an inventive mind, and observing
the admiration excited by the new art of en-
graving in mezzotint, he was desirous of dis-
covering the process, and contrived the means of
laying the grounds with a roller, which succeeded
to a certain degree, but not to his satisfaction. At
this time, the mezzotints of Blooteling were in
great repute, and Lutterel persuaded his friend
Lloyd, a printseller, to bribe a person of the name
of Du Blois, who used to lay the grounds for
Blooteling, and who was then returning to Holland,
to discover the mystery. He afterwards connected
himself with Isaac Becket, and they became the
earliest BngUsh engravers in mezzotint. He died
about 1710. The best of his portraits, which were
his principal works, was that of Le Piper, the
painter. The following, also, are by him :


Samuel Butler. (Kational Portrait Gallery.')

William Sancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury. (The

George Morley, Bishop of 'Winchester. (The same.)

Charles II. ; after Lely.

Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland ; after the same.
Arthur, Earl of Essex ; after the same.
Robert Paston, Earl of Yarmouth.
Oliver Plunket, Archbishop of Armagh^
Anthony, Earl of Shafresbury ; after Greenhill.
■William, Viscount Stafford ; after his own design,
George, Lord Jeffreys, Lord High Chancellor.
Hamet Ben Hamet.
Robert Cony, M.D.

LUTTGENDORP, Ferdinand von. Baron, a
painter and etcher, was born at Wiirzburgin 1785.
He studied under Seidel and Hauber at the Academy
of Munich, and from 1805 to 1809 at that of Vienna.
He gave lectures at the University of Erlangen,
and subsequently resided at Prague, Vienna, Pres-
burg, and Munich, where he died in 1858. His
best works are :

Portrait of General Moreau.

His own Portrait. (Herr H. Majsch, Vienna.)

Thirteen altar-pieces for different churches in Hungary.

He also etched 125 portraits of the Hungarian

LUTZ, Peter, a German painter and line en-
graver, was born at Munich in 1797. He studied
painting at the Academy of his native city and
under Johann Peter von Langer, but in 1821 he
turned his attention to engraving, and became a
pupil of Karl Hess. He died in 1867. The fol-
lowing are his chief plates :

La Madonna di San Francesco ; after Coi'reggio.

Ecce Homo ; after Raphael.

The Virgin and Child ; after the same. (Heads from the
' Madonna di San Sisto.^)

Two Angels ; after the same. {Also from the ' Madonna
di San Sisto.')

Christ bearing His Cross; after the same. (From the
* Spasimo,^)

The Virgin in Glory, with Four Saints ;. after Bayna-

The Virgin and Child ; after Barocci.

St. Agnes ; after Bomenichino. (Reduced from the en-
graving by Sir Robert Strange.)

Ganymede ; after Titian.

Judith ; after A. Riedel.

Roman Woman of Albano ; after the same.

The Virgin and Child ; after R. von Langer.

The Magdalene in the Desert ; after ,T. P. von Langer.

Lady Jane Grey in Prison ; after the same.

Tyrolese "Woman ; after G. Bodm^,

LUTZELBURGER, Hans, called also Hans
Franck, one of the greatest of German engravers
on wood, was born probably at Augsburg about
1495. Like Holbein, he appears to have gone
from Augsburg to Basle in 1522, and he died there
in 1526. His best known woodcuts are those from
the designs of Holbein — especially the figures of
the Old Testament and the ' Dance of Death.' The
whole series of the former and forty-one out of the
fifty-eight cuts which compose the latter are by
him. They were first printed in 1630, but were
not published until 1538. He is believed also to
have assisted in engraving ' The Triumph of the
Emperor Maximilian,' after Hans Burgkmair ; and
his name of Hans Franck is supposed to be
identical with that of ' Jan Franck,' who lived at
Nuremberg, and worked for Albrecht Diirer. He
marked his woodcuts with his name, or H. L.
FUR. (= Furmschndder, form-cutter). Among
his other works after Holbein are :

Fight between Peasants and naked Robbers in the
Forest ; after Solbdn. 1 522.

The Title-page, containing Figures of St. Peter and St,
Paul, for the German New Testament printed at Basle
by Adam Petri in 1522.





The Title-page, containing the Baptism of Christ, for the
German New Testament printed at Basle by Thomas
Wolff in 1523.
Portrait of Erasmus.
The Sale of Indulgences.
Jesus Christ and the Pope.
An Alphabet:— The Little Dance of Death.
„ Dance of Peasants, &o.

„ Children Playing.

„ Ornamented Initials.

Death and the "Woman. (Albertina Collection, Vienna.)

LUTZENKIROHEN, Petee Joseph, born at
Cologne in 1776, was a painter and an engraver in
mezzotint. He studied at the Academy of Diissel-
dorf, but afterwards returned to his native city, and
eventually, in 1810, established himself at Frank-
fort, where he died in 1820. Among his paintings,
which are signed with his name or P. L., are the
portraits of Merlo and of Dr. J. G. L. von Pempel-
f urt (engraved by Bierweiler). His best plates are :
Thomas feeling the Wounds of the Saviour y after Liiea

Mary with the Child Jesus ; after Leonardo da Vinci.
Bust of an old Man ; after Ary De Vms.
Bust of Baron von Stein.

LUTZOW, Karl Hindrick D'Unkeb Henning.
See D'Unkeb Henninq LiJTZOW.

LUXAN MARTINEZ, Josef, was born at Sara-
gossa in 1710, and was brought up by the family
of Pignatelli, and sent to Naples in 1730 to study
under Giuseppe Mastroleo. After five years he
returned to his patrons, and practised portrait
painting. In 1740 he married the daughter of
Juan Zabalo, a painter, and went to Madrid on
being made painter to the King. The Inquisition
of Saragossa named him inspector of pictures,
and he had the principal share in maintaining a
school of design, afterwards promoted to the rank
of a Royal Academy. He died at Saragossa in 1785.
The Cathedral, Santa Engracia, and other churches,
were adorned with his works, which are commended
by Cean Bermudez for their agreeable colouring.

LUYCX, FeANS, almost forgotten in his native
country, and better known beyond it as Leux, or
Van Leux, was born at Antwerp in 1604, and
became a master painter in 1620. He studied
under Rubens, after whose death ho went to
Vienna, where he was appointed court painter to
the Emperor Ferdinand III., and director of the
royal collections. He returned to Antwerp in 1652,
but went again to Vienna in the same year. The
date of his death is not recorded. There are by him
in the Vienna Gallery an ' Allegory on the Vanity
and Instability of Human Affairs ' and a portrait of
the Cardinal Infant of Spain, Charles Ferdinand,
brother of Philip IV., and in the Liechtenstein
Gallery is ' Christ appearing to Mary Magdalene.'

LUYKEN. See Luiken.

LUYKS, Nicolas, a German historical and por-
trait painter, was born in 1600, and died in 1658.

LUZZI, LoEENZO, a native of Peltre, who
flourished about 1511, is not to be confounded with
Pietro Luzzi. There is a picture by him in the
Berlin Gallery of the ' Virgin and Saints.'

LUZZI, Pietro, called Mobto da Feltre, who
was born about 1474, was the son of a surgeon,
who in order to practise his profession went in
1476 to Zara, and thus caused his son to be called
also Zaeato. He is known to have been at Rome
in 1495, at Florence in 1506, and at Venice in 1608,
although none of the pictures painted by him in
either city are now in existence. He commenced to
paint at Feltre in 1516, soon after that city had


been nearly destroyed in the wars between the
Emperor Maximilian and Venice. Records remain
to prove that he executed the frescoes and the altar-
piece of the Town-Hall and Loggia, all of which
are now missing. The Casa Bartoldini and the
Crico Palace, Feltre, are both decorated with fres-
coes that Messrs. Crowe and Cavalcaselle assign to
Luzzi. In the church of the Ognissanti at Feltre is
a fresco with the 'Transfiguration of Christ, between
SS. Anthony and Lucy,' which is said to have been
painted by Luzzi in 1622. The story of his having
been killed in battle at Zara in 1519 must of course
be abandoned. His extant works comprise :
Berlin. Gallery. Madonna.

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