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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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that it gave rise to a suspicion that it was painted
from a drawing by his instructor. Two pictures by
him have long been in the National Gallery, where
for many years they were ascribed to his master
Giulio. Rinaldo died young.

MANTUANO, Dionisio, born at Bologna about
1624, was a painter and architect. After having
spent some time at Genoa, he was in 1656 employed
at the theatre of the Buen Retire, in Spain ; after this
he received the Order of Christ, and was appointed
painter to the king. In conjunction with Vicente

103



Hanuel



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



DIarceuay



de Benavides he painted the front of the house of
the Marquis de los Valbases, and with Eicci and
Carreno worked in the cathedral at Toledo. Among
his own compositions we may name especially the
ceiling in the ladies' gallery in the Alcazar at
Madrid. Dionisio died at Madrid in 1684.

MANUEL, Hans Rudolph, the son of Nicolans
Manuel, was born at Brlaoh in 1625, and studied
painting at Basle, under Maximin, about 1544.
Several good pictures by him, especially portraits,
are to be met with at Berne. He also designed a con-
siderable number of bird's-eye views of towns, and
executed several woodcuts. Manuel died in 1572.

MANUEL, NiooLAns, called Deutsch, a Swiss
artist, born at Berne about 1484, was a painter,
wood-engraver, poet, statesman, soldier, and re-
former. It is most probable that he went to
Venice in 1511 and studied under Titian. His
chief work is the 'Dance of Death,' a series of
frescoes for the Dominican convent at Berne, which
was painted between 1514 and 1522. It exists now
only in copies, which show it to have been entirely
in the style of Holbein. Another excellent work,
representing ' Solomon's Idolatry' (1518), has also
come down to us in a copy. Manuel died at Berne
in 1530 or 1531. He signed sometimes with his
name, sometimes with the annexed monograms :



MM)




I^.




There are some woodcuts by him from his own
designs, in a free, slight style.

MANUEL, PoLEQUiN, or Jossequin, was a minia-
ture painter, who flourished in the 15th century.
In 1400 he was engaged by the Duke of Burgundy
to make designs for a Bible. Nothing is known of
his life, but he had a brother Nicolas, who helped
him with his work.

MANWAIRING. Strutt mentions an artist of
this name as the engraver of a portrait of the Rev.
Mr. Madan about the year 1760.

MANZINI, GiusTO di Andrea, was born in
1440. He was a Florentine, and painted by turns
under Neri di Bicoi, Pra Filippo, and Benozzo
Gozzoli. In his own diary he tells us that, under
Benozzo, he painted the saints at the sides of the
window in the choir of S. Agostino, and the four
apostles on the vaulting of the entrance. The
former are obliterated but the apostles remain, and
show that Giusto was far inferior to his master.
Crowe and Cavalcaselle enumerate five pictures
which they ascribe to him. He died in 1498.

MANZINI, Raimondo, a painter of Bologna, was
born in 1668, and was probably first instructed by
his father, Cbsaee Manzini. At Bologna there is
a collection of pictures of fishes, birds, and floweis
by him. At one time of his life he was appointed
ibiniste to the Margrave of Baden. The date of
his death is unknown.

MANZONI, Rudolph, a fruit, flower, and minia-
ture painter, was born at Castelfranco in 1675, and
died in 1743.

MANZUOLI, Tommaso d' Antonio, (called Maso
DA San Feiano,) was born at San Friano in 1536.
He was first a disciple of Pierfrancesco di Jacopo
di Sandro, and afterwards of Carlo da Loro. An
admired work by him is a ' Visitation,' formerly in
the church of San Pietro Maggiore at Florence ;
afterwards taken to Rome, and placed in the Gal-
lery of the Vatican ; it was painted when he was

104



thirty years of age. There are other works by
him in the church of the Santa Trinita, and in
the Florentine Gallery. He died in 1575.

MARACCI. See Mareacci.

MARATTI, Caelo, (or Maratta,) an eminent
painter, also an etcher, was born at Camuraiio, in
the March of Ancona, in 1625. At eleven years
of age he showed so strong a propensity for
design that his parents sent him to Rome, where he
entered the school of Andrea Sacchi, under whom he
studied for several years, and was his most favoured
disciple. On the recommendation of his instructor,
he made the works of Guido Reni, the Carracci, and
Raphael the chief objects of his study. He returned
to his own country, and did not revisit Rome till 1650,
when he went there in the train of Cardinal Albrizio,
Governor of Ancona. He was much employed in
painting Holy Families, pictures of the Virgin, and
female saints, on which account the contemporary
artists, particularly Salvator Rosa, supposing him
incapable of higher or more arduous exertions,
satirically styled him ' Carluccio delle Madonne.'
To counteract the efforts of his enemies, Andrea
Sacchi procured him the commission to paint a
picture for the Baptistery of the Lateran, where
he represented ' Constantine destroying the Idols,' a
performance which silenced his calumniators, and
was esteemed one of the ablest productions of the
time. It procured him the patronage of Alex-
ander VII., under whose protection, and that of
his successors, he became the most popular artist
at Rome. In 1704 he received the Order of Christ
from Pope Clement XI. for cleaning Raphael's
frescoes in the Vatican, and Louis XIV. appointed
him court painter through admiration for his picture
' Daphne.' Maratti died at Rome in 1713. Among
the best of his more accessible works are :

Brussels Museum : Apollo and Daphne.
Chiswick : Pope Clement XI.
Florence, Pitti Collection : St. Philip Neri.
Hampton Court : Virgin and St. Francis.
Louvre : Sleep of the Child Jesus.

,, I Marriage of St. Catherine.

„ Portrait of Maria Maddalena Bospigliosi.

„ His own portrait.
National Gallery: Portrait of a Cardinal.
National Gallery of Ireland : Europa.

By Maratti we have several etchings executed
with much freedom and spirit. Some of these are
original, others after various Italian masters.

MARATTI, Maeia, daughter and pupil of Carlo
Maratti. She married Giarabattista Tappi, a poet,
and abandoned painting for literature. Her portrait,
painted by herself, is in the Corsini Palace at Rome.

MARAZZONE, II. See Mazzuchelli.

MARC. See March.

MAECA. See Della Mahca.

MARC-ANTONIO. See Raimondi.

MARCEL, N., was born at Frankfort in 1628,
and was a scholar of Georg Vlugels, an indifferent
painter of still life. Marcel greatly surpassed his
master, and his pictures of flowers, fruit, shells, &o.,
are highly finished and good in colour. He died
at Frankfort in 1683.

MARCEL, Provenzale, an Italian painter, was
born at Cento in 1576. He was a pupil of Paolo
Eosetti, and executed a ' Mater Dolorosa.' He
died in 1639.

MAECELLIS, Otto (or Marcellus). See

SOHEIECK.

MARCENAY, Antoine de Guy, a French en-
grayer, was born at Arnay le Duo in 1724, and
died in 1811. He was one of the most successful



Uarch.



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Slarclies



imitators of the style of Rembrandt, and has
engraved several plates of portraits and other
subjects in which the dry point is used with great
dexterity. Among others, we have the following
prints by him :

PORTRAITS.
Henry IV. of France ; after Janet,
The Duke of Sully ; after Pourbus.
The Chevalier Bayard.
The Maid of Orleans.
Viscount Turenne ; after Champagne
Prince Eugene ; after KupetzH.
Marshal Villars ; after Sigamd.
General Paoli.

Stanislaus Augustus, Eling of Poland ; after Bacierelli.
Marshal Saxe ; after Liotard.

The Portrait of Tintoretto ; after a picture by himself.
A half-length of Rembrandt, with a palette.



Sunset ; aj'ter Vernet.

A View ot the Sea-coast, with Fishermen ; after the same.

A Land-storm ; after Van Uden.

A Skirmish of Cavalry ; after Parrocel.

The Testament of Eudamidas ; after N. Poussin.

Tobit recovering his Sight ; aftei- Bembrandt.

The Lady with the Pearl, an oval, with the date 1768 ;

after the same.
The (lady) Gardener ; after G. Sou, with the date 1766.

MARCH, EsT^BAN, (or Marc,) was, according to
Palomino, a native of Valencia, and a scholar of
Pedro Orrente, under whom he became an eminent
painter of battles. He adopted the Venetian
style of painting, and became a kind of Quixote
in his art. In order to rouse his imagination he
would arm himself cap-k-pi^, place lance in. rest,
and to the sound of drums and trumpets make a
furious attack on the walls of his atelier. In the
church of San Juan de Mercado, in Valencia,
is an altar-piece of the 'Last Supper,' highly com-
mended by his biographer, and for the Bueno
Retiro he painted a large picture of the ' Marriage
at Cana.' He died at Valencia in 1660, at an
advanced age. His works are chiefly to be found
at Valencia and Madrid.

MARCH, Miguel, (orMAEC,) the son and scholar
of Estiban March, was born at Valencia in 1633.
He painted history and battles in the style of his
father, but with much less ability. One of his
best performances is the ' Death of St. Francis,' in
the church of the Franciscans at Valencia. March
died at Valencia in 1670.

MARCHAL, Charles FRANgois, a French subject
painter, bom in Paris in 1825. He entered the Bcole
des Beaux Arts in 1843, and studied under Drolling
and Dubois. His reputation was acquired by his
pictures of Alsatian life and customs. He first
exhibited at the Salon in 1852. He died by his
own hand in Paris in 1877. Amongst his chief
works are :

F6te de la M^re. 1857.

Wasted Labour. 1860. (Beziers Museum.)

Interior of an Inn at Bouxwiller. 1861.

The Servants' Fau:, BouxwJUer. 1864. (Luxembourg
Gallery, Paris.)

Spring-time. 1866.

Penelope. 1868.

Alsace. 1873.

The Return from the Masquerade.

Phryne.

MARCHAND, Gabriel, an engraver, was bom
in Paris about 1755. He was a pupil of E. Voy-
zard, and executed several works after Barbier,
Sohmutzer, and others.

MARCHAND, Johann Christian, an engraver,
son of Johann Jakob Marchand, a portrait painter,



was born in 1679. He was a pupil of Preissle
and Bernigeroth, and engraved some portraits an(
historical pictures. He died in 1711.

MARCHAND, Pierre (or Marohant). Floren
le Comte and Professor Christ mention an arti.s
of this name, who lived about the year 1577, aiic
engraved both on wood and on copper.

MARCHANT, J., engraved a portrait of Mrs
Gibber, after Hudson, in 1749.

MARCHANT, Jan, an historical and still-liff
painter, was born at Antwerp in 1808. In 183S
he migrated to France, and became Professor oJ
Drawing at the Cavalry School at Saumur. H(
died in 1864.

MARCHANT, Petrus. A book of goldsmitli'i
ornaments, executed with the graver, is signed
Petrus Marchant fecit. 16S3. Perhaps identica
with Pierre Marchand {q. v.).

MARCHELLI, Rolando, an Italian painter, was
bom at Genoa in 1664. He was a pupil oi
Maratti, but abandoned painting for commerce
and died in 1751.

MARCHESI, Francesco and Bernardino. Ses
Dei Zaganelli.

MARCHESI DA COTIGNOLA, Girolamo, flour-
ished in the early part of the 16th century, and was
probably a pupil of Zaganelli. The church of Sar
Francesco, at San Marino, contains his two firsi
pictures, both Madonnas with Saints and Angels,
In Lord Ashburton's collection there is a ' Holj
Conversation,' signed and dated 1513 ; and the
Bologna and Berlin Galleries possess works by
him dated from 1516 to 1526. Vasari asserts thai
he painted the portrait of Gaston de Foix wher
he lay wounded at Ravenna in 1612 ; he also saye
that during his latter years Marchesi went tc
Naples and then to Rome, where he painted the
portrait of Paul III., and that he died there in his
64th year of a broken heart, through liaving beer
entrapped into marriage with a woman of i^
fame. His will was made at Bologna in 1531
and can still be seen. The following are among
his works :

Berlin. Museum. Marriage of the Virgin. 1516.

„ „ St. Bernard and his Disciples.

1526.
Bologna. Pinacoteca. Marriage of the Virgin.

„ „ Virgin, Child, the Baptist, an<3

Saints.
„ „ PredeUa — The Annunciation

Nativity ; Flight into Egypt.
Ferrara. S. Maria in | j^.^i^g ^^^ jjight.

Paris. Louvre. Bust of Christ bearing His Cross.

{Signed apparently Hieronimvs
Maeohesivs de{?) Cotignolj

FACIEBAT 1520 (i").)

MARCHESI, Giuseppe, called II Sansone, was
born at Bologna in 1699, and was first a scholar oi
Marc Antonio Franceschini,but afterwards studied
under Aureliano Milani. To the vigorous colour
and fore-shortening of his first instructor, he
united the correct design of Milani. He has left
many works in the churches of Bologna. In San
Pietro there is a ' St. Ambrose repulsing Theodosius.'
His picture of the ' Birth of the Virgin,' in La
Madonna di Galeria, and that of the ' Resurrection,'
in Santa Croce, are painted in the style of Frances-
chini. One of his most esteemed works is the ' Mar-
tyrdom of St. Prisca,' in the cathedral of Rimini,
on the conception of which the 'St. Agnes' of
Domenchino seems to have had some influence.
Marches! died in 1771.

105



Karchesini



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Marconi



MARCHESINI, Alessandeo, according to
Orlandi, was born at Verona in 1664, and received
his first instruction in art from Biagio Faloieri.
At the age of sixteen he was sent to Bologna, and
placed under the tuition of Carlo Cignani. Under
that master he became a reputable painter of
history, and on his return to Verona was employed
in San Biagio, La Madonna della Scala, and other
public edifices. He resided some time at Venice,
where he was chiefly occupied in painting easel
pictures of historical and fabulous subjects. He
died in 1733.

MARCHESINI, Pietbo, born at Pistoja in 1697,,
was a pupil of Gabbiani at Florence. He painted
several pictures for the churches and palaces in
Florence and Pistoja. He died in 1757.

MARCHETTI, Domenico, (or Mbechetti,) an
engraver, was born at Rome in 1780, and was still
living in 1831. He worked in the manner of G.
Yolpato. Among his best productions are :

Dante and Beatrice ; after Agneola.

Keligion with the Cross ; after Canova.

The Tomb of the three Stuarts ; after the same.

MARCHETTI, Marco, called Maeco da Faenza,
flourished at Rome in the pontificate of Gregory
XIII., who employed him in ornamenting the
Loggie of the Vatican with arabesques, in which
he sought to follow the style of Giovanni da
Udine. He decorated twenty rooms in the ducal
palace at Florence in the same fashion. His
talents were not, however, confined to that branch
of the art. He painted historical subjects, which
were correctly and elegantly designed, with a
more than usual mastery of the nude. Of this
his ' Murder of the Innocents ' in the Vatican is an
example. In the church of the Trinity, de' Monti
he painted a series of pictures of the life of St.
Francis di Paolo. He died in 1588.

MARCHI, DoMENioo, known as Tempesting,
also DoM. Tbmpesta, was, according to Lanzi, born
at Florence in 1652, and was a scholar of Baldassare
Franceschini. He painted portraits and landscapes,
but distinguished himself more as an engraver
than as a painter, and is said to have received in-
struction in that art fi-om li. Nanteuil and Gerard
Bdelinck. Among other plates he engraved a set
of portraits of the Electors Palatine. He was
called 'Tempestino ' from having been a pupil of
Peter Molyn, who was named Tempesta. He was
a great traveller, and there is much uncertainty
in his history. The date of his death is variously
given ; some placing it in 1718, others in 1737.
It may be, however, that there were two artists
called Domenico Tempesta, and that the accounts
of them have been blended.

MARCHI, Giuseppe Pilippo Libeeati, was born
at Rome about 1735, and brought to England in
1752 by Sir Joshua Reynolds. By him he was
much employed in preparing his palette, in paint-
ing draperies, and in ' forwarding ' pictures. He
attempted about 1770 to establish himself as an
independent portrait painter, but after some brief
experience both in London and in Wales, he was
glad to return to his former employer. He died in
London in 1808. He engraved several plates in
mezzotint from portraits by Sir Joshua ; among
them we may name :

Lady Mulgrave, when Miss Oholmondeley.
Mrs. Crewe and Mrs. Bouverie.
Mis Oliver.
Dr. Goldsmith.
Mrs. Hartley, with her child.
106



MARCHIORETTO, Pieteo, painter and draughts-
man, was born in the neighbourhood of Feltre in
1772. He owed his education in art to a Venetian
noble, who placed him first with Lazzarini, and
afterwards with Frans Cauzitsch. He afterwards
settled down as a teacher at Verona, and was also
employed in the chalcographio institute of Bis-
domini. He painted a ' Holy Sepulchre ' for the
church at Brixen, and a number of north Italian
landscapes for the Countess Kielmannsegge.

MARCHIS, Alesio de, was a Neapolitan, and
was born at the beginning of the 18th century.
He painted landscnpes, sea-ports, and towns on
fire, in which he followed the style of Salvator
Rosa. His principal works are at Perugia and
Urbino. Lanzi reports that, in order to imitate
nature more exactly in his conflagrations, he set
fire to a barn, for the purpose of study ; the fact
being discovered, he was sent to the galleys for
some years, but was released from his punishment
in the pontificate of Clement XI., who employed
him in his palace at Urbino, which he decorated
with several of his best works. One of his most
celebrated pictures is the ' Burning of Troy,' in
the Palazzo Semproni. He died about 1742.

MARCILLAT,Guilladme Pieeee de, (called by
others Guglielmo da Marcigia, or Guillaume db
Maeseille,) who was chiefly a painter on glass,
was born at St. Michel, near Verdun, or, according
to others, at Marseilles, in 1475. He was instructed
in the art by'Claude (' Claudio Francese '), at
Nevers, and there entered the order of the Domini-
cans. Subsequently the two went to Rome together,
and painted in the Vatican and in Santa Maria del
Popolo, but their works in the Vatican have dis-
appeared. While in Rome Marcillat entered the
order of the Benedictines, in 1509, and-subsequently
executed, from the designs of Claude, several works
for Cardinal Passerini at Cortona, and others at
Arezzo, Florence, Perugia, and Castiglione. He
died at Arezzo in 1537.

MARCKB, Julie Robeet van, was bom in 1801.
She was the daughter of M. Robert, director of the
Sevres factory, and married J. van Maeoke, a land-
scape painter and pupil of Watelet. She painted
fruits and flowers. Her death took place in 1875.
Her two sons have both reached fame as painters.

MARCO, Calabeesi. See Caedisco.

MARCO DI ANTONIO. See Palmezzano.

MARCOLA, Maeoo, an Italian historical painter,
was bom at Verona in 1728, and died in 1790.
Nothing is known of him.

MARCOLINI, Fbancesco, an Italian engraver
on wood, was born at Forli about the year 1500.
He was from 1630 to 1535 a printer at Venice, but
after that he settled at Verona. In 1540 he pub-
lished a book entitled ' II Giardino de' Pensieri,'
with woodcuts, executed by himself, after the
designs of Giuseppe Porta.

MARCONI, Rocco, painter and engraver, was a
native of Treviso, and flourished about the year
1505. He was probably a pupil of Giovanni
Bellini. His chief performances are in the
Academy at Venice. His picture in the church of
San Niccolo, which is considered one of his earliest
works, is dated in 1505. One of his best pictures
is the 'Adulteress before Christ,' formerly in San
Giorgio Maggiore, now in the Procuratie Nuove,
at Venice. Another example of the same subject
is in the Gallery at Berlin. Dresden, St. Petersburg,
and Treviso also possess pictures bj- him. Marconi
engraved some plates.



Harcovaldo



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Hariani



MARCOVALDO, Coppo di, was a contemporary
of Andrea Tafi, and the author of a picture repre-
sentiiig the ' Virgin enthroned,' in the convent
church of the Servi at Siena, and dated 1261.
He is also known to have executed between the
years of 1265 and 1275 a number of wall paintings
and a 'Madonna' in the cathedral at Pistoja.
These have now all perished.

MARCUARD, Robert Samuel, an English
designer and engraver, was born in 1761, and died
about 1792. He was a pupil of Bartolozzi, whose
manner he followed, and was considered one of
the best scholars of that master. His engravings
are chiefly after the works of contemporary
painters, particularly Cipriani, Angelica Kauff-
mann,W. Hamilton, Hoppner, Flaxman (sculptor),
Stothard, Peters, and Sir J. Reynolds.

MARCUCCI, Agostino, was a native of Siena.
He was educated at Bologna, and had the advantage
of studying in the school of the Carracci, until
Pietro Facini attempted the establishment of a
rival academy, to which Marcuoci attached himself.
He painted some pictures for the churches at
Bologna : among them ' The Death of the Virgin '
in the Church of the Conception. Marcucci died
early in the 17th century.

MARCUS, Jacob EiiNfST, was born on the island
of St. Eustatius in 1774, and instructed in the
rudiments of design by S. Gobl^, and in engraving
by Vinkeles, at Amsterdam. In 1798 he obtained
the first prize at the school of design, and in
conjunction with Fock founded a society of
artists, ' Kunst zy ons Doel.' Though his land-
scape drawings wei-e esteemed, he distinguished
himself more as an engraver/ and we have by him
a .series of one hundred plates, representing land-
scapes and portraits after the designs of Caspari.
Marcus died at Amsterdam in 1826.

MARl!;, Jean Charles, born at Berlin in 1772,
was an engraver, and pupil of the Berlin Academy,
of which he became a professor in 1813. He died
in 1865. Besides several maps, he engraved some
pictures, among others the ' Crowning of the Monu-
ment of Lysicrates at Athens,' afterMatthaus Mauoh.

MARE, P; DB. See Db Maee.

MARE, RicHAET DE LA. See De laMare-Biohaet.

MARl^CHAL, — , a painter, who died in 1803,
is chiefly known by his paintings, on parchment,
of Mammalia in the Paris Zoological Museum.
Lallier and others have engraved after him.

MAR:^CHAL, Laurent Charles, was bom at
Metz in 1801. He studied under Regnault, and
distinguished himself chiefly as a painter on glass.
He died in 1877. He has left a few genre pieces
in oil and pastel.

MARIES. See DBSMARifiEa.

MAREL, or MARRELLUS, Jacob, painter of
still life, was bom at Frankfort about 1614. He
is said to have been a pupil of Georg Flegel at
Frankfort, and of J. D. de Heem at Utrecht. He
was the first master of Abraham Mignon. His
pictures are very rare, but one has recently been
added to the Rijks Museum, Amsterdam, with the
inscription Jacohus Marrellus fecit Utreic, 1634.
Marel died in Brussels about 1685.

MARESCALCO, II. See Buoncoksiglto.

MARESCALCO, Pietro, called Lo Spada, a
native of Feltre, was a portrait _ and historical
painter, and flourished about 1676. At Feltre
there is a 'Madonna' by him; at Dresden a
' Salome bearing the head of John the Baptist,' and
a ' Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.'



MARESCOTTI, Bartolommeo, was a native of
Bologna, and was brought up in the school of
Guide Reni, of whose style he was an unsuccessful
imitator. There are some of his works in the
churches and public edifices at Bologna ; in San
Martino Maggiore, the ' Martyrdom of St. Barbara ' ;
in San Stefano, the ' Crowning of the Virgin ' ; and
' St. Sigismondo condemned to death,' in the church
dedicated to that saint. He died in 1630.

MARGARITONE di MAGNANO, was born at
Arezzo in 1216. He was painter, sculptor, and
architect, and a man of note in his day. In-
fluenced, however, by the fact that he was a
fellow-townsman, Vasari has spoken of him at
greater length than the excellence of his works
will justify. Of these the best is a ' Madonna with
scenes from the lives of the Saints,' now in the
National Gallery. Margaritone's chief work in
sculpture is the monument to Gregory X. in Arezzo
Cathedral. He died at Arezzo in 1293. The
date of his death has sometimes been given as
1313, which would make him 97 years of age.
This was a mistake arising apparently through
the transposition of a c in the roman numeral.
Margaritone's chief surviving works are :

Arezzo, 8. Francesco. A Madonna.

„ „ Christ on the Cross (colossal).

Liverpool. Institute. CorODation of the Virgin.
London. Nat. Gal. Madonna, with scenes from the

lives of the Saints.
Sargiano, near Arezzo. A St. Francis.

The picture ascribed to him in the Guise collec-
tion at Christchurch, Oxford, is a Byzantine work
of the 17th century.

MARGHINOTTI, Giovanni, was an Italian
historical painter of some talent. He was painter



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