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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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to Charles Albert of Savoy, and died in 1865.

MARGHUCCI, Giacomo, an engraver and print-
seller of the 18th century. He has left some plates
of antique busts and statues.

MARGUERITE, Archduchess of Austria, who
was born at Brussels in 1480, painted a few
portraits with some skill. She died in 1630.

MARI, Albssandeo, was born at Turin in 1650,
and was first a scholar of Domenico Piola of Genoa,
but afterwards went to Venice, where he studied
some time under Cavaliere Liberi. He next visited
Bologna, and passed some years in the school of
Lorenzo Pasinelli, and on leaving that master,
painted some pictures for Bolognese churches.
His principal residence was at Milan for a time,
where he gained considerable reputation by paint-
ing symbolical subjects, in imitation of the old
masters. According to Lanzi he went to Spain,
and died at Madrid in 1707.

MARIA, EEC DI. See San Giovanni.

MARIA, Francesco di, was born at Naples in
1623, and became a disciple of Domenichino, when
he resided in that city. Like his instructor, he
studied the subjects he painted with the most
profound attention ; and, like him, patiently en-
dured the taunts of his contemporaries for tardiness
and irresolution. His historical works are not
numerous. He excelled in portrait painting ; and
Lanzi reports, that a portrait by him being ex-
hibited at Rome with one by Rubens, and another
by Van Dyck, the preference was given by the
judges, Niccol6 Poussin, Pietro da Cortona, and
Andrea Sacchi, to that of Maria. He died in 1690.

MARIANI, Giovanni Maeia, was a native of
Ascoli, and flourished about the year 1656. He
was a scholar of Domenico Fiasella at the time





when Valerio Castelli was also under that master,
and in conjunction with him distinguished himself
by several works at Genoa, both in oil and in
fresco. His picture in the oratory of San Jacopo,
of the baptism of that saint, may be ranked with
the best productions of his time. He passed some
part of his life at Rome, and was received into the
Academy there in 1650. He sometimes painted
historical subjects of an easel size, and his works
of this class are found in the collections at Genoa
and Florence. One of the best is a ' Rape of the
Sabines,' in the Florentine Gallery.

MARIENHOF, A., a Dutch painter, -wnB born at
Gorcum in 1650. It is not known by v\rhom he
•was taught, but according to Descamps he passed
the early part of his life in studying and copying
the woj-ks of Rubens. He afterwards settled at
Brussels, where ho was much employed in painting
small historical pictures in the manner of that
master. He died young ; Balkeraa says in 1712.

MARIBSCHI, Jacopo, (or Giacomo,) the son of
Michele Marieschi, was born at Venice in 1711.
After being instructed in design and perspective
by his father, he became a scholar of Gasparo
Diziani. He painted architectural subjects, and
views of Venice, in which he imitated the style of
Canaletto. The National Gallery of Ireland has
two of his works, both views of Venice, which are
there on deposit from the National Gallery of
London. He died in 1794.

MARIESCHI, Michele, was a native of Venice.
He excelled in painting architectural views and
perspectives, and passed the first part of his life in
Germany, where his works were nmch esteemed.
On his return to Venice he painted the most
remarkable views in that city, several of which,
moreover, he has etched. He died in 1743.

MARIETTE, Jean, an eminent French engraver
and print-seller, was born in Paris in 1654. He was
instructed in drawing by his brother-in-law, J. B.
Corneille, with the intention of becoming a painter,
but by the advice of Charles le Brun, he changed
his pursuit, and devoted himself to engraving. He
died in Paris in 1742. Several of his plates -are
from his own designs. He worked both with the
point and the graver. We have a great number
of plates by him, the greater part of which are
frontispieces, vignettes, and other book ornaments.
The following are esteemed his best prints :

The Descent from the Cross ; after Le Brun,

The Angels ministering to Christ in the Desert ; aftm-

the same.
St. Peter delivered from Prison ; after Bomenickino.
Moses saved from the Nile ; after Foussin.
Joseph making himself known to his Brethren , after

M. Corneille.
Christ cnring the Paralytic ; after the same.
St. Louis receiving the Communion; after J. B.

St. Louis received Into Heaven ; after the same.

MARIETTE, Pieree Jean, was the son of Jean
Marietta, from whom he inherited a very con-
siderable property, and an extensive collection of
prints, which, by continual additions, he rendered
the most numerous and select of any private
gathering in Europe. His immense collection
was sold in Paris in 1775. For his amusement he
etched a few landscapes, after Guercino ; and
some heads and studies, after the Carracci and
Pierino del Vaga. He also brought out a ' Traite
des Pierres gravies,' with 250 engravings of antique
gems from his own hand, in 2 vols., folio. He
died in Paris in 1774.

MARIGNY, Michel, a French historical painter,
was born in Paris in 1797, and died there in
1829; he was a scholar of M. Lafont and the
Baron Gros. He painted several pictures of large
dimensions for churches at Paris and Rouen, and
one of 'Moses, as the Law-giver,' for a council-
chamber in the Louvre. His last production, a
'Wounded Soldier,' was exhibited at the Luxem-
bourg in 1830.

MARILHAT, Peospeb, was bom at Vertaison,
in the south of France, in 1811, and entered the
Atelier of Eoqueplan at Paris in 1829. There he
executed several landscapes in the classic manner,
During 1831-33 he travelled in Greece, Syria,
Palestine, and Egypt. There his natural bent was
developed, and he studied nature long and con-
scientiously. His power was chieily shown in his
rendering of southern l:ght. He attracted atten-
tion at once with his oriental subjects, but he im-
proved steadily up to -his last years. Marilhat died
in Paris in 1847. His best pictures are:

Enins of the Mosque of Sultan Hakim.
The Esbekieh Square, Cairo.
Caravans at Baalbec. 1840.
Syrian Arabs on the March.
A Souvenir of the Nile. •

MARILLIER, Clement Pieeee, a French de-
signer and engraver, was born at Dijon in 1740y
and died on his own estate near Jlelunin 1808. He
first studied painting under Hall6 at Paris, hut the
cares of maintaining his family compelled him to
illustrate books, and he made numeious drawings
of subjects from the Bible, and for the works of
Dorat, the Abb^ Prevost, De Roucher, Amand
Bacculard, Voltaire, and Sauvigy. He also engraved
from his own designs the landscapes for ' Les
Voyages en France, k, Naples et en Grece,' and
for various other works.

MARIN-LAVIGNE, Louis Stakislas, a French
painter and lithographer, born in Paris in 1797.
He died in 1860. His lithographs form his best
claim to be remembered. The best are :

Battle of Jemappes ; rfter Horace Vemet.
Camille Desmoulins ; after the same.
Netscher and his Daughter ; after Netscher.
Eetreat from Moscow ; after Cogniet.
La belle Jardiniere ; after Haphael.
Mater Dolorosa ; after Mvrillo.

MARINAEI, Onoeio, a painter and engraver,
was born at Florence in 1627. He was first in-
structed by his father, Pietko Maeinaei, and
afterwards by his cousin. Carlo Dolci, and for some
time followed the finished and laboured manner of
the latter, but afterwards adopted a larger style.
His principal works are in the church of Santa
Maria Maggiore, and in that of San Simone at
Florence. He died in 1715. Among his paintings

A series of portraits of painters (Florence).

St. Jerome.

St. Mark healing the sick.

The Hours preceding the chariot of the Sun.

He engraved 19 plates for a mathematical treatise,
written by himself.

MARINAS, De las (or Delle Marine). See
De las Maeinas.

MAEINI, Antonio, was born at Prato in 1788.
He was a pupil of the Academy at Florence. In
1821 he introduced the art of lithography into
Italy, and twenty years later was admitted a member
of the Florence Academy. He restored several of
the frescoes of Giotto, Gaddi, and Gozzoli, and




painted various Madonnas in the style of the old
masters. He died at Florence in 1861.

MARINI, Benedetto, was a native of Urbino,
and flourished about the year 1625. Acoording.to
Lanzi, he was one of the most distinguished scholars
of Claudio Ridolfi, and on leaving that master
resided some years at Piaoenza, where he painted
several altar-pieces and other works, in which he
united the Lombard with the Venetian style. The
most celebrated of his performances is liis picture
of the ' Multiplication of the Loaves,' in the
refectory of the Conventual!, painted in 1625 ; an
immense composition, painted in oil, and arranged
with surprising ingenuity and variety.

MARINKELLE, Joseph, (called Marinkbltje,)
a Dutch painter, was born at Rotterdam in 1732.
His nickname was an allusion to his small stature.
He was a miniature and portrait painter, and in
practice for a long time at Amsterdam. He died
in 1775, and his death has been ascribed partly
to chagrin caused by a lampoon from the pen of an
authoress whom he had failed to flatter in painting
her portrait.

MARINUS, Ignatius Cornelis, a Flemish en-
graver, was probably born about 1587. The date
of his death is uncertain. His principal residence
was at Antwerp, where he executed several plates,
in a neat but singular style. They are worked
entirely with the graver, with very delicate strokes
crossing each other, and filled up with long dots.
The best are named in the following list :

The Flight into Egypt ; a night-piece ; after Bubens.

St. Ignatius curing the Diseased ; after the smne.

St. Francis Xavier resuscitating a Dead Person ; after

the same.
The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after Jordaens.
Christ before the High-priest Oaiaphas ; after the same.
The Martyrdom of St. Apollonia ; after the same.
A Concert of Village Children ; after C. Saftleven. 1633.

He also engraved some plates, after M. A. Cara-
vaggio. Van Dyck, and others.

SWALE, a Dutch painter of the sixteenth century.
The dates on his pictures range from 1621 to 1560,
and he seems to have been alive as late as 1567.
There can be little doubt that he is the Marino di
Siressa of Vasari, and the Marino di Sirigsea of Guic-
ciardini, for Ziricksee is a town in the district of
Schonwen, part of the province of Zeeland. The
name de Zeeuw, which means simply the sea-lander,
is not to be found on a signed picture by Marinus,
but only this latter appellation, combined some-
times with Romerswalen or Roymerswalen. Hence
we may fairly conclude that Marinus is nothing
more than a Latinized form of de Zeeuw, while
Romerswalen, or van Romerswale, may be a family
name. Nothing as yet has been recovered as to
the facts of this painter's life. His pictures, how-
ever, show that he must have been a disciple, if
not a direct pupil, of Jan or Qnentin Matsys. One
of the best of them is a ' Money-changers,' in the
National Gallery, where it used to be ascribed to
Quentin Matsys.

MARIO DI FiORi. See Nuzzi.

MARIOTTI, — , who was a native of Italy, and
probably a painter, is known only by a slight,
spirited etching of a frontispiece to a collection of
altar-pieces, published at Rome by Giacomo Rossi.
It is after a design by Giro Ferri.

MARIOTTI, Carlo Spiridone, an historical
painter, and native of Perugia, is supposed to have
been a pupil of Subleyras. He died in 1775.

MARISSAL, Philip, a portrait and still-life
painter, was born at Ghent in 1698. He was a
pupil of Leplat. There are several large decorative
pictures by him at Ghent. He died in 1770.

MARKO, Karl, was born at Leutzschau, in
Hungary, in 1790. He studied in Vienna, Rome,
Pisa, and Florence. His pictures are mostly land-
scapes with figures, in the style of Gaspar
Poussin. He died in 1860.

MARKOS, GiORGios, a native of Argos, who,
early in the last century, painted a number of
frescoes in the church of the ' Panagia-Phanerou-
mena,' in the island of Salamis. In this work he
was helped by his pupils. It was finished in 1735.

MARLET, Jean Henri, a French poetical, his-
torical, and portrait painter, was born at Autun in
1771, and was a pupil at the Academy at Dijon,
and afterwards of the Baron Regnault. His com-
positions are numerous, embracing a great variety
of subjects from poetry, history, anecdote, and
fancy. He has published some works in litho-
graphy, among them ' Les Tableaux de Paris.' He
died in 1846.

MARLIE, Ren^e Elizabeth. See Lepici^.

MARLOW, M., an obscure English engraver,
lived towards the end of the 17th century. He
appears to have been employed only by the book-
sellers ; in that capacity he engraved a portrait of
John Mayne, Arithmetician, prefixed to his ' Clavis
Coramercialis ' ; dated 1674.

MARLOW, William, an English landscape
painter and engraver, was born at' Southwark in
1740. He was a scholar of Scott the marine painter,
and also studied in the St. Martin's Lane Academy.
He joined the Incorporated Society of Artists, and
from 1762 repeatedly exhibited at Spring Gardens.
From 1788, however, he was a regular exhibitor at
the Academy until 1796, and again for the last
time in 1807, when his picture was ' Twickenham
Ferry by Moonlight.' In his earlier career he had
painted views of several English noblemen's seats,
and from 1765 to 1768 he travelled in France and
Italy. On returning home he settled first in
Leicester Square, and afterwards at Twickenham,
where he died in good circumstances in 1813. He
painted scenes on the lower banks of the Thames,
and also in the neighbourhood of Richmond and
Twickenham. He also painted and etched some
Italian views : to these he hiis put his name, with
the addition of F. S. A. Some of his pictures are
in the Foundling Hospital ; several have been
engraved, including views of Westminster and
Blackfriars Bridges. The South Kensington
Museum possesses one landscape by him.

MARMIETTI, Lodovico, an Italian engraver,
was born at Parma in the 15th century. He was
a pupil of his father, Francesco Marmietti. He
went to Rome in the train of Cardinal Salviati,
and there made a certain reputation.

M ARMION, Sir Edmund, was an English designer
and engraver, of the time of the two Charleses,
who has left a few etchings of domestic subjects of
ladies and gentlemen, from his own designs. His
prints bear some resemblance to those of Gaywood,
though inferior. There is a portrait of George
Tooke, of Popes, by him, which is scarce; also
some portraits in the style of Van Dyck.

MARMION, Simon, a painter of Valenciennes,
flourished from about 1426 to about 1489. Accord-
ing to contemporary chroniclers, " was worthy of
great admiration " in his time. He was at once
painter and illuminatoi', and we know that he





painted a mimber of miniatures for a missal of
Philip the Good. The first mention of him occurs
in 1453, in which year he painted a picture for the
town-hall of Amiens. In 1460 he appears among
-the founders of the Guild of Valenciennes, and in
1468 he was raised, at Tournai, to the rank of
master. No picture can with certainty be assigned
to him, but in all likelikood he painted the altar
screen formerly in the Abbey of St. Omer, whicli
is now in the king's palace at the Hague.

MARMOCCHINI, Giovanna Coetesi, was bom
at Florence in 1670. She was first a pupil of
Lieven Mehus, and afterwards of Pietro Dandini and
Ippolito Galantini. Although she chiefly excelled
in portraits in miniature, she practised both in oil
and in crayons. The grand duchess of Tuscany
was her patroness. She died in 1736.

MARMOLEJO. See Villegas Marmolejo.
MARNE. See Demaene.

MARNEFFE, FEANgoiS de, an obscure Flemish
landscape painter, born in 1793, and died in 1877.
MAROLI, DoMENico, was born at Messina in
1612. He was a scholar of Antonio Ricci, called
Barbalunga ; and on leaving the school of that
master visited Venice, where he studied with profit
the works of the great Venetian masters. Among
his pictures are the ' Martyrdom of St. Placido,' in
San Paolo; and the 'Nativity,' in the Chiesa della
Grotta, at Messina. While at Venice, he painted
with success some pastoral subjects, in the style
of Giacomo Bassano. Maroli fell a victim to the
revolution which took place in Sicily in 1674.

MARON, Anton von, was an Austrian portrait
painter, born at Vienna in 1733. He was a pupil
of Mengs, whose sister Teresa he married. He
painted a portrait of the Emperor Joseph II. His
death took place at Rome in 1808.

MARON, Teeesa von, a sister of Rafael Mengs,
was born at Aussig in Bohemia about 1733. She
studied painting under her father, and in 1752
went to Rome with her brother Rafael. She
married Anton von Maron, and attained to some
excellence as a miniaturist.

MARONE, Jaoopo, was a native of Alessandria,
and flourished from about 1451 to 1484. He spent
most of his life in and around Genoa, where he
painted several altar-pieces for the churches. In
tlie church of San Jacopo at Savona is a picture
of the 'Nativity' by him, painted in distemper, in
a careful, high-finished style. In Santa Brigida,
at Genoa, are two pictures by this master, dated
1481 and 1484.

MAROT, Daniel, the son of Jean Marot, was
born in Paris about 1650-65, and distinguished
himself as an architect, designer, and engiaver.
He is usually styled architect to William III., King
of England. He engraved several plates in the
style of his father, which were published at Paris,
with some of those of Jean Marot, entitled ' Receuil
des planches des Sieurs Marot, pere et fils. ' He also
engraved a set of architectural plates, which were
published at Amsterdam in 1712 ; and the statues
and vases in the palace at Loo. He was living in
1718. We have also the following prints by him :

The great Fair at the Hague, with the Burghers under

arms, saluting the Prince and Princess of Orange ;

in two sheets.
The great Fair at Amsterdam, with the Citizens under

The Festival of the Birth-day of the Prince of Oranee.

The Interior of the Audience-chamber at the Hague.
A perspective View of Voorst.

MAROT, Fbanqois, a French painter, was born
in Paris in 1667. He was the best scholar of
Charles de la Fosse, and painted history in the
style of that master. One of his most esteemed
works is a picture in the church of Notre Dame,
representing ' Christ appearing to the Three Marys ' ;
another is the ' Martyrdom of St. Lawrence,' in a
church at Rotterdam. He died in 1719. Moreau,
Chereau, and others have engraved after his works.
MAROT, Jean, a French architect and engraver,
was born in Paris in 1620. We have by him
several architectural plates, plans and elevations
of the most remarkable edifices in Paris and its
neighbourhood. In conjunction with S. de la
Boissiere, Is. Silvestre, I. de Paultre, Seb. ie Cierc,
P. Chaveau, and other artists, he executed several
of the plates for the cabinet of the King of
France. The following are his principal prints :
A set of thirteen plates of Churches and pabUc edifices
at Paris ; designed and engraved after their measure-
ment by J. Marot.
A second set of twelve plates of the same.
Twenty-one Views of the Chateau de Kichelieu.
Plans and Elevations of the Louvre ; three plates.
Plans and Views of the Chateau de Vineennes ; three

Plan and Elevation of the ChStteau de Madrid; two

MAKQUEZ, Est^ban, aSpanish historical painter,
was born in Estremadura about the middle of the
17th century, and was a scholar of his uncle Fer-
nando Marquez de Joya, who followed the school
of Murillo. At the death of his uncle Marquez
went as a workman to one of the establishments
where they manufactured pictures for exportation
to America ; but not having had suificient practice
and experience in this sort of work, he became the
butt of his fellow labourers, and was obliged to
quit Seville and return to his native place. After
a while he returned to Seville, and having by close
application acquired a tolerable facility in imitating
the style of Murillo, he surpassed all those who
had before made him the object of their mockery.
His works are nearly all in Seville. He died at
Seville in 1720.

■ MARQUEZ de JOYA, Feenando, uncle of
Esteban Marquez, was a painter of portraits, among
which he in 1649 produced that of Cardinal Spinola,
which is engraved by Van der Gouwen. He fol-
lowed the manner of Murillo ; and was a frequenter
of the Academy of Seville from 1668 to 1672,
when he died.

MARQUIS, — , an English portrait painter, who
painted small portraits in oil in the reign of
James I.

MARQUIS, PiEEEE Ch., a French historical
painter, was born at Toimere in 1798. He was a
pupil of Lethiere. He died in 1874.

MARK, Joseph Heineich Lddwiq, was bom at
Hamburg in 1809 ; he there studied under Suhr and
Rosenberg, and afterwards at Munich and Rome.
His pictures deal principally with Bavarian and
Italian peasant life. He died at Munich in 1871.

MARRACCI, Giovanni, was born at Lucca in
1637, and was first a scholar of Pietro Paolini.
When he was fourteen years of age he went to
Rome, where he had the advantage of being
received into the school of Pietro da Cortona,
under whom he studied some time ; and before he
was twenty-five had distinguished himself as an
historical painter. On the death of his father he
returned to Lucca, where he painted several pic-
tures for the fraternity of San Lorenzo, and the




Collegiate de San Micliele. In the cathedral of
Saiit' Ignazio, at San Giovanni, he painted some
considerable frescoes. His brother HirpOLYTE
worked with him. He died in 1704.

MABREBECK, J., was probably a native of
Holland, and flourished about the year 1700. We
have a few mezzotint portraits by him.

MARRON, Mabib Anne Cabrelbt de, historical
painter and poetess, was bom at Dijon in 1725.
The cathedral of that town possesses a ' Conception '
by her. She died in 1778.

MARSDEN, Baebaea. See under Meyee,

MABSEUS. See Soheieck.

MARSHAL, Alexandbb, a water-colour painter,
who practised in the latter part of the 17th century.
He worked in ' Tradescant's ark,' and made some
good copies after Vandyck.

MARSHALL, Benjamin, an English animal
painter, born in 1767, who practised in London
and Newmarket. His specialty was horses, and
he contributed to the ' Sporting Magazine.' His
works occasionally appeared at the Academy
between 1800 and 1819. He died in 1836.

MARSHALL, Geoege, a Scottish portrait painter,
born in the latter part of the 17th century. He
was a pupil of G. Soougall and Kneller, and also
studied in Italy. He practised at York and in his
native country. He died about 1732.

MARSHALL, Peteb, born in 1762; died at
Edinburgh in 1826. He practised as a painter, but
is chiefly known as the inventor of a mechanical
contrivance known as the ' Peristrephic Panorama.'

MARSHALL, Thomas Falcon, an English sub-
ject painter, born at Liverpool in 1818. He first
exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1837, and in
1840 obtained a silver medal at the Society of
Arts. His practice lay chiefly in Liverpool and
Manchester. He died at Kensington in 1878.
Amongst his works are :

The coming Footstep. 1847. {South Kensington

The Parting Day.

Sad News from the Seat of War.

MARSHALL, William, was an English en-
graver, who probably began to practise the art
early in the reign of James I. ; his works are
dated from 1691 to 1649. He engraved chiefly
for the booksellers, by whom he was employed
upwards of forty years. He worked entirely with
the graver, in a stiff style, without taste. His best
prints are his portraits, of which he engraved a
great number, mostly from his own designs.
Although indifferently executed, they are inter-
esting to the collector, on account of the personages
they represent. He also engraved several frontis-
pieces and other book ornaments. His portraits
include the following :

Sir Thomas More.

Desiderius Erasmus.

William Cecil, Lord Burleigh,

Eobert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.

Nicholas Kidley, Bishop of Eochester.

Lady Jane Grey.

James I.

William Camden, Historian, &c.

William Shakespeare.

Ben Jonst n.

Charles I. ; three prints.

Francis, Lord Bacon.

George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.

Eobert Devereux, Earl of Essex.

William Alexander, Earl of Stirling.

William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 29 of 201)