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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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flourished about 1427.

LAMBERT, John, was born about 1620. He was
of good family, and rose to the rank of major-
general in the service of the Commonwealth. On
the Restoration he was banished to Guernsey, where
he employed himself in flower painting, having in
his youth been a pupil of Jan Baptist Gaspers.
He died in Guernsey in 1683. His son John was
a portrait painter, who died at his estate in Yorkshire.
LAMBERT, Josse, was a Flemish engraver, who
died at Ghent in 1566 or 1557. There is a curious
engraving by hun representing 'The Triumph of
Christ,' after Titian, which is engraved on wood in
ten pieces.

' LAMBERT, Mark, a wood engraver, was one of
Bewick's assistants. He was born in 1781, and
died at Newcastle in 1855.

LAMBERT, Martin, who was born in Paris in
1630, was a portrait painter and a pupil of the
cousins Beaubrun. He was elected an Academician
in 1663 ; his picture of reception represented 'The
Cousins Beaubrun working at the same easel: ' it is
now in the Louvre. He died in Paris in 1699.
LAMBERTl, Buonaventura, was born at Carpi
in 1652, and after residing some time at Modena,
he established himself at Rome. He is said to
have been one of the last and ablest scholars of
Carlo Cignani. He painted some pictures for St.
Peter's, which have been executed in mosaic by
Ottaviani, and his fine picture of ' St. Francis of
Paola resuscitating a dead Child,' in the church of
the Spirito Santo de' Napolitani, has been engraved
by Jacob Frey. His ' Virgin showing the Infant
Saviour to St. Jerome ' was engraved by Dorigny.
There are several of his easel pictures in the Palazzo
Gabrielli, which are deservedly admired. He died
at Rome in 1721.

*LAMBERTI, Niccol6, a painter of the Florentine
school, was living in 1382. He was a pupil of the
Orcagnai, and painted in company with Jacopo in
the palace at Volterra a fresco representing the
' Annunciation ' with Saints.

LAMBERTINI, Miohele di Matteo, was a
painter of Bologua, who in 1447 painted in the
church of San Giovanni at Siena the twelve articles
of the Apostles' Creed. There are a ' Pieta ' between
SS. Jolm, Mark, Roch, and Anthony Abbot, dated
1462, and a ' Virgin and Child,' dated 1469, by
him in the Academy of Bologna. The churches
of San Petronio and San Giacomo in the same
city also possess specimens of his work ; whilst
the Academy of Venice has an altar-piece of the
'Virgin and Child,' with Saints and scenes from
the life of St. Helena. No dates can be given of
his birth or death.

LAMBERTS, Gerard, a Dutch landscape and
architectural painter, was born at Amsterdam
in 1776, and died in 1850. He was a conservator
of the Amsterdam Museum and a member of the




LAMBINET, Emile Charles, a French land-
scape painter, was born at Versailles in 1815, and
studied under Drolling, Boisselier, and Horace
Vernet. He died at Bougival in 1877. Amongst
his works are :

Amiens. Museum. Les Baigneuses. 1849.

Avignon. Museum. The Banks of the Gardon. 1840.

Besan(;ou. Museum. The Course of the Ivette. 1865.

Camhrai. Museum. Interior of a Cottage. 1835.

„ „ View of Senhsse. 1836.

Montpellier. Museum.. Landscape.

LAMBOENB, Peter Spendblowe, an engraver,
was born in London in 1722. He was chiefly
engaged on architectural and antiquarian works,
and practised at Cambridge. He also painted
miniatures, and belonged to the Incorporated
Society of Artists. He died at Cambridge in 1774.

LAMBRECHTS, C, was a Dutch historical and
genre painter, who flourished in the 17th century.

LAMBRI, Steeano, an Italian historical and
portrait painter, who flourished about 1620, was
a pupil and imitator of Malosso. He painted in
1623, for the Dominican Church of Cremona, a
picture representing ' St. William and St. Louis

LAME, BiAGio DALLE, See Pdpini.

LAMEN, Van der. See Van der Lamen.

LAMINIT, Paul Jakob, a German engraver,
was born at Augsburg in 1773, and studied under
Ignaz Sebastian Klauber. His plates represent :

Several Towns and Landscapes, in Lipowsky's Almanac.

Several Views, for the Emperor of Bassia.

LAMINOY, Simon de, a French battle and land-
scape painter, was born at Noyon in 1623, and was
made an Academician in 1663. He died at Verrines
(Loiret) in 1683.

LAMION, Jean, was a distinguished French
miniature painter, who flourished at Troyes in 1336.

LAMMA, Agostino, an Italian battle painter, was
born at Venice about 1636. He was instructed by
Antonio Calza, and his chief production is the
' Siege of Vienna by the Turks,' painted in the style
of M. Stom. He died in Venice about 1700.

LAMME, Akie, a Dutch landscape painter, was
born at Heerensjansdam in 1748. He studied under
J. Ponse at Utrecht, and practised in the style of
Cuyp. He was much engaged on decorative work,
and was also a poet. His daughter Cornelia was
the mother of Ary SchefEer. He died in 1801.

LAMME, Aenoldus, a Dutch animal, landscape,
and battle painter, the son of Arie Lamme, was a
native of Dordrecht. He established himself as a
line-art dealer at Rotterdam, where he died in 1856.

LAMME, Cornelia. See Sohefper.

LAMMLEIN, Alexandre^ was born at Hohenfels,
Bavaria, in 1813. At the early age of ten he was
sent to Paris and placed under an engraver ; sub-
sequently he entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and
studied under Eegnault and Picot. He distin-
guished himself as a portrait painter, but also
executed religious and mythological subjects.
With Alaux he restored the Primaticcio Gallery
at Fontainebleau in the years 1836-39. Many
etchings and paintings on enamel by him are to be
met with. He was naturalized in France, and died
in 1871. Among his paintings may be mentioned :

The Chastity of Joseph.

The Awakening of Adam.


Jacob's Ladder.

The Vision of Zechariah. {Uoche/ort Museum.)

The Awakening of Tabitha.

Diana and Endymion.


LAMO, Pierre, was an historical painter, who
died at Bologna in 1678. He was a pupil of Inno-
cenzo da Imola.

LA MONCE, Raimond Ferdinand dk. See Db


LAMORLET, Joseph, was a Flemish historical
painter, who flourished about 1665. In 1661 he was
made free of the Guild of St. Luke at Antwerp,
and became its dean in 1672-3. He died between
1680 and 1688.

LAMOTTE, , was a French historical painter

of the 18th century. In 1721 he took the second
prize at the French Academy for his picture of
' Gideon's Sacrifice.'

LAMPARELLI, Carlo, an Italian portrait and
historical painter, who flourished about 1680, was
a native of Spello. He was a pupil of Giacinto

LAMPI, Franz von, a painter of portraits and
battle pieces, was born at Klagenfurt in 1783,
and instructed in the art by his father, Johann
Baptista Lampi the elder. He died at Warsaw in
1852. There are by him :

Portrait of the Empress Catharine II. of Bussia,

Portrait of the Princess of Liechtenstein.

Portrait of the Dancer Heberle.

LAMPI, JoHANN Bafpist von, the elder, a
Tyrolese historical and portrait painter, was born
at Romeno in 1761, He became a professor at the
Vienna Academy in 1786, but subsequently he
resided in Russia, where he devoted himself to
portrait painting, and amassed a large fortune.
He died at Vienna in 1830. There are by him :

Darmstadt. Museum. The Portrait of a young Painter.
Petersburg. Hermitage. Portrait of the Empress Maria

Vienna. Gallery. Repose of Venus.

„ „ Portrait of Himself.

LAMPI, Johann Baptist von, the younger, an
Austrian portrait painter, was born at Trent in 1775,
and studied under his father, Johann Baptist Lampi
the elder, and at the Academy at Vienna. He
went afterwards to St. Petersburg, where he stayed
thirteen years, and became a member of the Acad-
emy at that city as well as of that at Vienna id
1813, He painted many of the most distinguished
personages of his time. Among his other works is
to be mentioned a ' Venus ' in the style of Fiiger.
He died at Vienna in 1837.

LAMPSONiUS, DoMiNicns, a Flemish historical
painter, was born at Bruges in 1532. He was a
pupil of Lambert Lombard, whose life he after-
wards wrote. He went in the suite of Cardinal
Pole to England, and after his death in 1558 he
settled at Li^ge, and was secretary to several
Bishops in succession. He was also a sculptor and
a poet, and wrote an elegy in Latin verse on the
painters of Lower Germany, published in 1572.
He died at Li^ge in 1599.

LAMSIN was a Flemish painter, who flourished
at Ypres in 1290.

LAMSVELT, Jan, a Dutch engraver, was born
at Utrecht about the year 1660. His style resembles
that of Romeyn De Hooghe. There are by him
some portraits, which are scarce, and some other
subjects, of which the following are the principal ;

Oliver Cromwell ; an oval.

Jan De Wit, pensionary of Holland,

Cornelis Pieterszoon Hooft.

Joris Cassander,

Hubert Duishuis, of Rotterdam.

The Siege of Tournay, by the Duke of Marlborough and
Prince Eugene.




LAMSWEEEDE, Simon. Anton van, a Dutch
designer and engraver, was born at Utrecht about
1625, and was living up to 1683. He engraved
several portraits in the style of Suyderhoef, though
very inferior ; among which are the following :

Franz Gomarius, professor of theology at Groningeu.

Heiurich Alting, professor of theology at Heidelberg.

Anna Maria van Sohurman. 1657.

Cyprian Eegnier, jurist of Utrecht.

Karel De Maets, professor of theology at Utrecht. 1 659.

LA MURA, Feancesco, (or Db Muba,) called
Fkancbschiello, was born at Naples in 1699. He
was one of the numerous scholars of Francesco
Solimena, and was much employed in ornamenting
the churches and other public edifices in his native
city. In the royal palace of Turin he painted,
in competition with Claudio Beaumont, frescoes
representing the Olympic Games, and the Life of
Achilles. He died in 1782. The following frescoes
by him are at Naples :

jS. Chiara, St. Clara putting the Saracens to Flight.

„ The Adoration of the Sacrament.

„ Solomon building the Temple.

Monte Cassino, Scenes from the Old and New Testaments.

„ Lives of the Saints.

LAMY, Charles, a French historical painter, was
born at Mortagne (Orne) in 1699, and became an
academician in 1736. He died in Paris in 1743.
An ' Assumption of the Virgin ' by him is in the
Museum at Tours.

LAMY, Jean Auguste, a French painter of still-
life, was the son and pupil of Louis Auguste Lamy.
He was born at Marseilles in 1773, and died there
in 1844. Some of his works are in the Museum at

LAMY, Louis Auguste, a French landscape
painter, was born at Marseilles in 1746. He was
received into the Academy in 1788, and died in his
native city in 1831. Many of his works are in the
Museum at Marseilles.

, LANA, LoDovico, a painter and engraver, was
born at Modena in 1597, and was educated at
Ferrara under Ippolito Scarsellino, but afterwards
studied under Guercino at Bologna. The theatre
of his triumph is. however, at Modena, where there
are many admirable productions of his pencil ; par-
ticularly his celebrated emblematical picture of the
city of Modena delivered from the horrors of the
plague, in the Chiesa Nuova ; a production with
which few works of art at Modena can be com-
pared. Lana was a successful imitator of Guercino,
and exhibits the vigorous opposition of his masses,
to which he united something of the spirited move-
ment of Tintoretto. He was the rival of Giovanni
Battista Pesari, who appears to have yielded to him
the superiority, by retiring to Venice when Lana
established an Academy at Modena, which became
famous through Italy. He died at Rome in 1646.
Among his best etchings are :

The Empress Irene binding up the Wounds of St.

Six Labours of Hercules.
The Holy Family.
The Virgin.
The Death of Seneca.

There is a list of his prints in Bartsch's ' Peintre-
Graveur,' vol. xviii.

LANCASTER, Hume, was a painter of marine
subjects and coast scenery. He was a member of
the Society of British Artists, and exhibited also
at the Royal Academy. Some of his views ofE the

coast of Holland are among his best paintings.
He died at Erith, in Kent, in 1850.

LANCE, Geokge, a still-life psiinter, was born at
Little Easton, Essex, in 1802. It was originally
intended that he should follow a mercantile life,
but his distaste for trade, as well as delicate health,
induced his parents to consent to bis pursuing art,
and he accordingly, by his own introduction, became
a pupil of Haydon, with whom he remained seven
years. He also studied in the schools of the Royal
Academy, where he exhibited fi-om 1828 to 1862,
contributing in all only thirty-eight works. His
contributions more frequently appeared at the
British Institution. Although it was in the repre-
sentation of flowers and fruit that Lance won his
greatest reputation, for some years he produced
many subject pictures, and one of these, ' Melanc-
thon's First Misgivings,' won the prize of the
Liverpool Academy in 1836. In his later years,
however, he gave the preference to still-life pic-
tures. He died at Sunnyside, near Birkenhead, in
1864. Amongst his chief works are :

Captain Bolando showing Gil Bias the Treasures of the

Cave. 1839.
The Village Coquette. 1843.

Portrait of Himself. 1830. 1 / n *7, i- ■ * Tir \

Two Fruit Pieces. j (*"*'' Keiisington Museum.)

Three Fruit Pieces. (Blenheim Palace.)
A Basket of Fruit, Pineapple, \

and Bird's Nest. 1834. /

Bed Cap. 1847. > (National Gallery.)

Fruit ; Pineapple, Grapes, and \

Melon. 1848. ■'

The Biron Conspiracy. 1845.
The Lady-in-Waiting.
Two Fruit Pieces. ( Wohurn Alley.)

LANCE, Michel, a French fruit and flower
painter, was born at Rouen in 1613, and died in

LANCHARES, Antonio, was born at Madrid ii)
1686. He entered the school of Patricio Caxes,
where he acquired a style so like that of his
master's son, Eugenic, that it is difficult to dis-
tinguish between their works. He was employed to
paint various pictures for the Jesuit Convent at
Madrid, and for the Carthusians at Paular, all of
which have perished. In 1625 he was commissioned
to paint some pictures for the Convent of the Order
of Mercy at Madrid, the subjects being taken from
the life of Pedro Nolasco, a zealous redeemer of
Christian captives in the 13th century. He also
executed a large composition for the choir. He
died at Madrid in 1668.

LANCILAO, one of the best masters of miniature
painting, lived in the 16th century at Padua, and
studied under Bartolommeo della Gatta.

LANCILOTTO. See Blondeel.

LANCISI, ToMMASO, was an historical painter,
who was bom at Citta San Sepolcro in 1603, He
was a pujjil of Sciaminosso. Two of his brothers
also were painters. He died in 1682.

LANQON, Auguste, a French water-colour
draughtsman and sculptor, was a native of Sainte-
Claude (Jura), and first exhibited at the Salon in
1872. His etchings of episodes in the war of 1870-71,
published in V^ron's ' Troisieme Invasion,' and his
two albums, ' La Rue a Londres,' and ' Les Animaux,'
show considerable ability. He died in 1885.

LANCONELLO, Cristofobo, was a native of
Faenza, who flourished about the year 1587. From
his style, Lanzi thinks it probable that he was a
disciple of Federigo Barocci. In the Palazzo
Ercolani, at Bologna, is a picture by him of the





' Madonna and Child,' with a glory of angels,
and St. Francis, St. Clara, and other Saints below.
LANCRENON, Joseph Feedinakd a French
historical painter and lithographer, was boni at
Lods (Doubs) in 1791. He entered the Eoole
dea Beaux-Arts in 1814, and after studying^ under
Girodet-Trioson, was in. 1835 appointed Director
of the Museum at Besangon. He died in his native
village in 1874. Amongst his works are :

Tobit restoring his Father's Sight. 1819. ) (Sesangon
Portrait of M. Oourvoisier. J Museum.

Boreas earrying oft Oreithyia. 1822. (Cdling in the

Tuileries, destroyed by jire in 1871.)
A young Girl finding the Eiver Scamander. 1824.

{Amiens Museum.)
The Apotheosis of St. Genevieve. 1827. (St. Laurent,


LAN CRBT, Nicolas, a French painter of ' fetes
galantes,' was born in Paris, January 22nd, 1690.
His parents were in a humble position, and his
father died when he was quite young. Intended
for an engraver, he early received elementary in-
struction in drawing, but, becoming ambitious of
higher things, he entered the studio of Pierre D'Ulin,
one of the professors of the Academy. It was,
however, to Gillot that he chiefly owed his art
education. With him he remained some years,
and there he came under the influence of Watteau.
His friendship with the chief of the ' f Stes galantes '
school was not long-lived. According to Ballot de
Sovot, the success obtained by two works exhibited
by him, and which were attributed to Watteau,
caused a rupture between the two painters. Doubt
has been expressed as to this account of the origin
of the quarrel. Whatever may have been the
cause, the estrangement lasted till the closing year
of Watteau's life. Lancret was a thorough ' bour-
geois,' and passed his time chiefly in Paris. He
was a regular frequenter of the opera and the
' Comique,' and was a friend of the dancers La
Camargo and La Salle, whom he frequently repre-
sented in his works. Such time as he did not spend
in Paris was passed in sketching excursions iii the
country, and in the winter he drew much in the
life school of the Academy. In 1719 he was
received into the Academy as a painter of ' fStes
galantes.' Lancret long remained a bachelor : he
appears to have appreciated the Parisian life ' en
gar9on ' too much to enter early into the state of
matrimony. It was not till 1740 that he married
a grand-daughter of the comic poet Boursault.
His married life did not, however, last long, for he
died in Paris on the 14th September, 1743. Lancret
has sometimes been called the art-child of Watteau,
but he lacks his warmth, and he fails to invest
his works with the airy gracefulness which con-
stitutes the great charm of that master. The fol-
lowing is a list of his pictures in the chief public
collections of Europe :



■Wedding Breakfast. 1737.


Wedding Dance. 1737.



Fete galante.

'Royal Palace.

Hunting Scene.

Rustic Scene.


Conversation galante.


Blind-man's Buff.

A Game at Skittles.



Puss in the Comer.


A Minuet.


_ Gallery.

Three ' Danses champStres.'



I Pastoral Scene.

„ National Gallery.



London. Nat Gallei^.



Columbine in Carriage drawn



by Dogs.

Bal oostum^.


Portrait of La Camargo.


Conversation galante.



Dfijeuner au jambon.








The Bird's Nest.
The Turtle-doves.

The Gascon punished. 1738.
The Actors of the Itahau



Conversation galante.


The Cage.



Promenade at Longchamps.



The Concert.

The young Bird-catchers.



A Kitchen.



Kitchen Courtship.


Portrait of La Camargp.
The Earl of Essex.



The Philosopher married.


Scene from ' Le Glorieux.' 1739.



Girls bathing.



F^te champgtre.



The Swmg.




Blind-man's Buff.



Nest of Turtle-Doves.


Further details as to Lancret can be obtained from
Charles Blanc's 'Peintres des Ffites galantes,' 1854,
and the ' ^^loge de Lancret,' by Ballot de Sovot,
edited, with catalogues of his pictures and of
prints engraved after his works, by J. J. Guiffirey,
Paris, 1874. OJ.D.

LANDA, Juan db, was a Spanish painter of
frescoes and historic.il subjects, who flourished at
Pampeluna f rom 1670 to 1630. In 1599 he painted
the high altar of Santa Maria de Tafalla, and in tlie
following year a ' St. Michael ' and a ' St. Catharine '
for the church of Caseda.

LANDELLS, Bbenezee, a wood engraver, was
born at Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1808. He was a
pupil of Bewick, and came to London about 1829.
He was much employed on the illustrated journals,
contributing to ' Punch ' and the ' Illustrated
London News ' from their commencement, as well
as to the ' Illuminated Magazine ' and the ' Ladies'
Newspaper.' He died at Brompton in 1860.

LANDELLS, Robert Thomas, the son of
Ebenezer Landells, was born in 1833. He was
a special artist on the staff of the 'Illustrated
London News,' for which he depicted the Crimean,
Danish, Austro-Prussian, and Franco-German Wars.
In his later years he reproduced in oil and water-
colours many of the scenes he had witnessed.
He died in 1877.

LANDERER, Ferdinand, a German engraver,
was born at Stein, in Austria, in 1743. He studied
under Jacob Sohmutzer, and became a member of
the Academy at Vienna, as also a professor at the
Imperial Military Academy. He died in 1796. He
engraved several plates, both as etchings and in the
crayon manner ; among them are the following :

Franz Moriz, Count Lacy ; after Konolitz
Joseph Kurz, actor; from his own design.

Samson and Delilah ; after Rembrandt.
Two Landscapes, with ruins and animals ; after Dietrich.




Two mountainous Landscapes ; after Pillement.

Two large Landscapes, with figures and cattle ; after De

Sixteen plates of Heads ; after M. J. Schmidt.

LANDFELD, Assuerus van. See Londeeseel.

LANDI, Gaspabo, was born at Piaoenza in 1756.
He was a pupil of Pompeo Batoni and Corvi.
Though brought up in the school of the Mannerists
at Rome, he did not follow their principles. His
study of the great artists of the 16th century
caused him to paint in a style in which he united
the broad colouring of the Venetians with the
pleasing chiaroscuro of the Lombards. He is con-
sidered the founder of the modem Italian school.
He was Director and President of the Academy of
St. Luke at Rome, and obtained the first prize at
the Academy at Parma in 1781. He died at Rome
in 1830. There are by him :

The Ascent to Cjilvary.
Florence. Pitti Palace. The Maries at the Tomb.
Fiacenza. Cathedral. The Burial of the Virgin.

LANDI, Giuseppe Antonio, was an architectural
painter of the 18th century. He was a pupil of
Ferdinando Galli, and was received as an Acade-
mician of Bologna.

LANDI, Neeocoio di Baktolommeo, was a
partner of Francesco di Giorgio, from whom he
parted in 1475. He was bom in 1447, and followed
the professions of painting and sculpture ; his death
occurred in 1500 at Siena. The ' Hellespontic Sybil '
in the pavement of the cathedral at Siena was
designed by him in 1483, and the Academy of
that city possesses several pictures by him.

LANDING, Jacopo, called Jacopo di Casbntino,
was a member of the family of Cristoforo Landino,
J of Prato Vecchio, whence he is sometimes known
i as 'Jacopo da Prato Veccliio.' He was bom in
W the first years of the 14th century, at Arezzo, and
was the pupil of Taddeff Gaddi, whom he followed
to Florence, where he founded in 1349 the Company
of Painters under the patronage of the Virgin and
SS. John the Baptist, Zenobio, Reparata, and Luke.
He appears to have remained at Florence until
1354, and then returned to Arezzo, where he super-
intended the rebuilding of the waterworks of the
Fonte de' Guinizzelli. He is recorded as having
executed a large number of frescoes in that city, the
greater portion of which have now disappeared.
Portions of the Duomo Veccliio, the Vescovado,
and the church of San Bartolommeo, at Arezzo,
were decorated by Casentino ; the last-named
building still contains a fresco by him of the
'Dead Christ bewailed by the Virgin and St.
John the Evangelist.' He was the master of Agnolo
Gaddi and Spinello Aretino. Little now remains
of this artist's work, although it is known that he
executed very many frescoes, both in Florence and
in Arezzo. According to Vasari his death occurred
at Prato Vecchio at the age of eighty, and he was
buried in the Camaldolese church of Sant' Agnolo.
The following are some of his paintings:

Florence. Vffizi. Coronation of the Virgin.

„ „ Predella with scenes from the

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 3 of 201)