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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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donna. Between 1608 and 1512 he visited both
Venice and Perrara. In 1512 he returned to Udine
and designed the Allegories of Religion, Justice,
Victory, and Fame, for the monument of Andrea
Trevisano in the Palazzo Publico, and recommenced
his labours at Sant' Antonio. In 1621 he painted
the organ-doors of the cathedral, which were valued
by Giovanni Martini and Sebastiano Florigerio.
These though much injured are still preserved in
the Town-hall of Udine. He is also known to
have painted several banners, none of which are
now extant. In the close of 1529, he produced
the ' Madonna and Child with six saints between
SS. Michael and Sebastian,' now in Santa Maria,
Cividale, after which he devoted most of his time
and energies to dealing in timber. He died in
1547, more than eighty years old. Besides the
works we have mentioned, we may name an
'Annunciation,' in the Venice Academy, and a
'Madonna and Saints,' in the Palazzo Giovanelli,
as among his best productions. W.A.

S. Crowe and Cavalcaselle, ' Painting in N.
Italy,' vol. ii. p. 189 ; and Morelli, ' Italian Masters
in German Galleries,' p. 18.

MARTINO DI CANDIDO. See under Tolmezzo.

MARTINOFF, Iwan, painter, was born at St.

I 2

Petersburg in 1765, and was a student in the
Academy there. He painted landscapes and
scenes for the theatre. He also painted thirty-
six views of St. Petersburg.

MARTINOTTI, Evangelista, was born at Castel
Monferrato m 1634. He was a scholar of Salvator
Rosa, and, according to Orlandi, excelled in paint-
ing landscapes, with figures and animals. Lanzi
mentions him as a painter of history, and com-
mends his picture of the ' Baptism of Christ by St.
John,' in the cathedral of Casale. He died in
1694. He had a brother, Francesco Mar'iinotti,
who was also a disciple of Salvator Rosa, and
painted history. He died in 1694.

MARTIS, Ottav. de. See Nelli.

MARTIS, Ottaviano, born at Gubbio, flourished
from 1400 to 1444. In the church of St. Maria
Nuova is a fresco of the ' Virgin and Child ' by this
artist, dated 1403.

MARTIUS. This is the name of a large family
of artists who resided at Ghent. Baddouin was
the eldest son of Jan Martins, entered the Corpora-
tion in 1482, was master painter in 1434, and Dean
in 1475. Gerard, master painter in 1398. Gho-
LOET, master painter in 1398. Gilles, master
painter in 1396. Jan, a painter at Ghent, who, in
conjunction with Van Axpoele, executed frescoes
for the Counts of Flanders. He also worked at
Toumai. Laurent, father and son, flourished in
1364 and 1380 respectively. Nabur, Nabob, or
Nabuchodnosor, was born at Ghent in 1404. He
was the son and pupil of Jan Martius. He worked
for the city and churches of Ghent and Oudenarde.
He died in 1453. Regnier, son of Baudouin,
flourished from 1447 to 1472.

MARTORELLI, Gaetano, was born at Naples
in 1670, and was a pupil of Giacomo del Po or N.
Massaro. His first attempts were in historical
subjects, but not succeeding to his wishes, he
abandoned that branch of the art, and applied
himself to landscape painting in the style of
Salvator. He died in 1723.

MARTSS, Jan, 'de jonge,' (or Marssen,) in-
correctly known as J. M. de Jonoe (or Jong), was
a Dutch etcher and probably painter, who flourished
about 1630. We have by him a set of etchings of
battles, which are executed with great spirit, and
supposed to be from his own designs. His manner
is somewhat peculiar ; it is built up of bent strokes
with very little hatching. He marked his prints
J. M. B. Jonge fecit, and J. M. D. J. fe.

MARUCELLI, Giovanni Stefano, (or Maru-
SELLi,) was born at Pisa in 1686. He was a
scholar of Andrea Boscoli, and distinguished him-
self as a painter of history, although he was more
celebrated as an architect and engineer. His
principal residence was at Pisa, where he painted,
in the tribune of the cathedral, ' Abraham and the
Angels,' and ' The Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew.'
He died in 1646.

MARULLO, GiDSEPPE, a native of Ceta in the
kingdom of Naples, studied under Massimo Stan-
zioni, but copied the style of his master's rival,
Spagnoletto. He died in 1685. His son Angelo,
also a painter, died early.

MARVIE, Martin, painter and engraver, was
bom in Paris in 1712. We have several prints by
him, and among others 'The Siege of Bergen op
Zoom ' after Bronard, plates in Blondel's ' French
Architecture,' and others.

MARVY, Louis, a French engraver, born at
Versailles in 1815. He was a pupil of Jules


Mary de' Medici



Duprd, and engraved several pictures after Rem-
brandt, Corot, C. Flers, Decamps, Diaz, &o. He
died in 1850.

MARY DE' MEDICI, wife of Henry IV. of
France, born in Florence in 1573, died at Cologne
in 1642. At the age of eleven years she engraved
a portrait of herself on wood, and signed it Maria
Medici F. MDLXXXII. Another plate is ascribed
to her, the portrait of a girl, signed L. 0. 1587.

MAEZIALB, Marco, wag living in the early part
of the 16th century. Of his life very little is known,
except that he was employed by Giovanni Bellini
as journeyman, at a salary of twenty-four ducats
per annum, in the Hall of Great Council at Venice,
in 1492. In the Conservatorio de' Penitenti at
San Giobbe, Venice, is a ' Circumcision ' painted
by him in that same year ; and in the Academy of
the same city is a ' Christ and the Apostles at
Euimaus,' dated 1506. In the Gallery of Berlin is
a, similar subject, painted in 1607, which shows a
strong leaning towards the German feeling. His
two beat works, however, are in the National
Gallery. These are, 'The Circumcision,' signed and
dated 1500, and 'The Madonna and Child, with
Saints,' 1507. In the Locchis Carrara Gallery at
Bergamo there is also a ' Virgin and Child,' with
profile portrait of donor, dated 1504. The dates
on his pictures range from 1499 to 1507. His
works are fairly numerous, but many of them are
ascribed to Bellini and other members of his school.
MARZIO DB COLANTONIO, flourished at Rome
in the 16th century. He painted landscapes and
battle-pieces. He was for a time at Turin, in
the service of the Prince of Savoy.

MARZO, Andeea and Urban, were two brothers
of Valencia, and painters of some credit, born
about 1620. Andrea executed two pictures of St.
Anthony of Padua for the parish churches of
Santa Cruz and Santa Catalina ; he also designed
the title-page for a book, describing a grand
festival in the city, published in 1663 by Don
Juan Bautista de Valda. Urban painted a picture
of 'Christ bearing the Cross,' said to possess some
merit. It is in a private collection at Valencia.

MAEZY, JoHANN Heineich, an engraver, was
born at Iglau in Moravia in 1722. He became a
teacher in the Normal School, and afterwards
devoted himself to engraving. He died in 1801.
MASACCIO. See Guidi, Tommaso.
MASCAGNI, DoNATO, (or Mascagio,) called
Fra Aksenio, was born at Florence in 1679, and
was one of the ablest scholars of Jacopo Ligozzi.
Soon after leaving the school of that master, he
became a Servite monk, and took the name of Fra
Arsenio, by which he is generally known. He
painted several altar-pieces for the churches at
Florence, particularly for that of his monastery.
His principal performance is a large picture at
Vallombrosa, which Lanzi mentions in very favour-
able terms. He also worked in Spain early in
the 17th century, chiefly in the convents of Valla-
dolid. He died in 1636.

MASCALL, Edwaed, an English portrait painter,
flourished about the year 1660. He painted a
portrait of Oliver Cromwell, which was once in the
possession of the Duke of Chandos. We have a
print, by James Gammon, from a portrait of Mascall
by himself.

MASCHERINI, Ottaviano, a painter and archi-
tect, was born at Bologna in 1530. He was a pupil
of the Carracci, but he abandoned painting for
architecture. He died about 1610.

MASIJS. See Massys.


MASON, Abraham John, wood engraver, was
born in London in 1794. He was apprenticed to
Robert Branston, and in 1821 he set up on his
own account. In 1829 he went to New York,
where he was elected Associate of the Academy
and Professor of Engraving. He engraved Cruik-
shank's illustrations to 'Tales of Humour and
Gallantry. '

MASON, George Hemming, was bom at Wetley
Abbey in Worcestershire in 1818. His parents
were well-to-do people, and by his father's wish
he studied for the medical profession, but aban-
doned it in 1844 for art. In company with a
brother he travelled through France, Germany,
Switzerland, and Italy, residing at Rome for several
j'ears. While Mason was in Rome he received
news of financial losses at home, which for a time
threw himself and his brother entirely on their own
resources. Better times came, however, and in
1865 he was enabled both to contribute to and to
visit the Paris Exhibition. He coirtributed to the
Academy from 1857, in which year he returned
to England and married, till 1872. All the subjects
now chosen by him were taken from the neigh-
bourhood of his home at Wetley. In 1865 he
settled in London, in Shaftesbury Road, Hammer-
smith, where he remained faithful to the same
rural themes. In 1868 he was elected A.R.A., and
moved to a larger house and studio, where he
worked for three years, and where he died in 1872.
His two best works, perhaps, are, ' Girls dancing by
the Sea,' etched in 1886 by Mr. R. W. Macbeth as
' A Pastoral Symphony,' and ' The Harvest Moon,'
also etched by the same artist. The former is in
the collection of Lord Wantage. Besides those he
also painted :

Wind on the Wold.

Mist on the Moor.

Catch !

Crossing the Heath.

Return from Ploughing,

The Cast Shoe.


The Gander.

Young Anglers.

Unwilling Playmates.

Evening, Matlock.

The Evening Hymn.

Only a Shower.

A Derbyshire Landscape.

Blackberry Gatherers.

The Milkmaid.

MASON, Jambs, an English landscape engraver,
was born in 1710, and died about 1780. He be-
longed to the Incorporated Society of Artists, and
was very eminent in his line, his works being held
in great esteem by foreign amateurs. His principal
pieces are after Claude, G. Poussin, Swaneveldt,
Hobbema, Wilson, Lambert, Scott, and Zuccarelli.
' The Landing of Mn^as in Italy,' after Claude, is
one of his finest landscapes ; and he is no less
admirable in the print, after Andrea Sacchi, of
' Venus at the Bath, surrounded by Cupids.' He
sometimes engraved in conjunction with Canot,
Vivares, and other masters of the period, who,
like himself, were employed by the enterprising

MASON, William, an English animal painter
in the latter part of the 18th century. His works
were engraved by J. Jenkins, R. Pollard, and Val.




MASQUELIER, Louis Joseph, a French en-
graver, was born at Cisoing, near Lille, in 1741.
He was a pupil of J. P. le Bas at Paris, where he
engraved several plates which possess considerable
merit, particularly his landscapes. He died in
1811. He engraved several of the plates for 'Le
Voyage d'ltalie,' by St. Non ; also several of the
French battles and victories, and other subjects
after Monnet and Vernet ; some of the plates for
the voyage of La Peyrouse, and numerous designs
illustrative of the ' Metamorphoses ' of Ovid, the
Fables and the Kisses of Dorat, and, in con-
junction with M. Nde, the work entitled ' Tableaux
de la Suisse,' consisting of 216 plates in folio. He
was also director of the publication of ' La Galerie
de Florence,' for which he engraved several of
the pictures, statues, cameos, and bas-reliefs, and
for which he obtained the gold medal in 1802.
Numerous other works were produced by him,
wliich are well known to amateurs of engraving.
Among others, we may name the following :

The Arrival of Voltaire in the Blysian Fields; after
Ls Barhier.

An old Han kneeling near a Skull, called Diogenes ;
after G. Don.

A view in Flanders; after Teniers; etched by Masque-
lier and finished by Le £as.

A Landscape, with Cattle ; after P. Potter.

A pair of Landscapes; after BuisdaeC; by Masquelier
and Le Bas.

A View in Italy ; after Vernet.

A Shipwreck ; after the same.

Two Views of Osfcend ; after Le May.

A Landscape, with a Waterfall ; after Dietrich.
He was the instructor of his son, Claude Louis
Masquelieb, born in Paris in 1781, who engraved
in 1848 ' The Entombment of Christ,' after Raphael.
He obtained several gold medals and prizes, and
was professor at the Academy of Rome.

MASQUELIER, Nicolas Fbanqois Joseph,
called 'the yoimger,' was a relation and scholar
of Louis Joseph Massard. He was born at Lille
in 1760, and died in 1809. He received lessons
also from L. J.,Watteau and Gu#ret. He engraved
a ' Corps-de-garde,' after Leduc ; ' C»sar at the
Tomb of Alexander,' after S. Bourdon ; ' Extreme
Unction,' after Jouvenet ; ' Christ at the Column,'
after Vouet, all for the Musde Robillard : and several
other pieces for the same collection. He also
assisted in engraving the cameos and bas-reliefs
for the ' Galerie de Florence.'

MASQUERIER, John James, a portrait painter,
born of French parentage at Chelsea in 1778. He
w;ent back to France with his parents in 1789, and
received some instruction from Vernet. Returning
to England in 1792, he became a student in the
schools of the Academy, where his first exhibited
work appeared in 1796. In 1800 he made a second
visit to Paris, where he was enabled to take a
portrait of Napoleon. This on being exhibited in
England, where it was the first authentic portrait
of the emperor, proved a source of considerable
gain to the painter. After a successful career as
a portrait painter — he painted 400 portraits in
twenty-eight years — he was enabled to retire in
1823 with a competence to Brighton. Here he
died in 1855.

MASRELIEZ, Louis, a painter, was bom in
Paris in 1747. In 1752 he was taken to Sweden,
but returned to Paris to study art, proceeding later
to Italy. On his return to Stockholm he was made
Director of the Swedish Academy. He painted
portraits, landscapes, and historical subjects. He
died at Stockholm in 1810.

MASSA, Giovanni, was », native of Carpi. He
was a pupil of Griffoni, and, in conjunction with
Giovanni Pozzuoli, worked at architectural views
and designing. He died in 1741.

MASSARD, Jean, a French engraver, was born
at Bell^me in 1740. He was instructed in the
rudiments of his art by Martinet, but owed more
to private study. In 1814 he received the title of
Engraver to the King. He was a member of the
Academy, and died in 1822. His best plates are :

Adam and Eve ; after Cignani.

La Mere bien aimee ; after Greuze.

La plus belle des meres ; after the same.

Abraham and Hagar; after Girardon.

The Family of Charles I. ; after Van Dyck.

Erigone ; after Mieris.

The Death of Socrates ; after David.

MASSARD, Jean Baptiste Louis, an engraver,
was born in 1774. He was the eldest son of Jean
Massard. Among his works were ' The Magdalene,'
after Seghers, and the portrait of Francis I., after
Titian. He died about 1810.

MASSARD, Jean Baptiste Raphael Uebain,
son and scholar of Jean Massard, was born in Paris
in 1775. He studied design in the school of David.
He engraved many of the plates for the beautiful
editions of Virgil and Racine, published by Didot,
also for ' Le Musee Robillard,' and other collec-
tions. The ' St. Cecilia,' after Raphael ; ' Apollo
and the Muses,' after Giulio Romano ; ' Hippocrates
refusing the Presents of Artaxerxes,' after Girodet,
and the ' Burial of Atala,' after the same, are among
his most esteemed works.

MASSARI, Luoio, painter, was born at Bologna
in 1569, and was some time a scholar of Barto-
lomraeo Passerotti; but he afterwards studied in
the school of the Carracci, and then at Rome
from the antique and the works of the great
masters. His style resembles that of Annibale,
rather than Lodovioo ; and in some of his works
he approaches so near to his manner, that they
may easily be mistaken for those of that master.
He died in 1633. Among his works we may

Bologna. Life of St. Benedict (four pic-


„ Marriage of St. Catherine.

„ Christ appearing to the Magdalen.

„ St. Gaetano.

Florence. Uffizi. Holy Family.

MASSARO, Niccolo, was a Neapolitan, and a
scholar of Salvator Rosa. He painted landscapes,
which resemble those of his instructor more in
forms and scenery than in colour, which is weak.
As he was not successful in figures, he was assisted
in his pictures by other artists, particularly by the
little known Antonio di Simone. ■ Massaro's sofis,
Gieolamo and Gennaro, were also painters.

MASSAROTTI, Anqelo, was born at Cremona
in 1655, and for some time studied under Agostino
Bonisoli, in his native city. He afterwards visited
Rome, where he became a scholar of Carlo Cesi.
His principal work is a large picture in the church
of Sant' Agostino representing that saint dis-
tributing his regulations to his difEerent orders.
He died in 1723.

MASSE, Charles, (or MAci,) a French designer
and engraver, was born in Paris about the year
1631. He was employed by M. Jabach to make
designs from his celebrated collection of drawings,
and to etch them. The set consists of 280 prints,
among which we may specify :





Sixty-seven after Annib. Carracci.
Fourteen after Titian.
Twelve after Oastiglione.
Four after Campagnola,

Several after Correggio, Guercino, Nic. Poussin, Par-
migiano, and others.

MASS]^, Jean Baptiste, a French painter and
engraver, was born in Paris in 1687. In the early
part of his life he applied himself to the sciences,
but afterwards took to engraving, and shortly to
painting in enamel. By the common device of re-

E resenting ladies as more beautiful than they were
e soon succeeded in making himself the fashion.
•It was as an engraver, however, that he obtained
in 1717 a reception into the Academy at Paris.
He undertook the direction of the engravings from
the pictures by Le Brun, in the Gallery of Versailles.
The work consi-ita of fifty-two plates, entitled ' La
grande galerie de Versailles et les deux salons qui
I'accompagnent, dessinee par J. B. Mass^ ef grav6e
par les meilleurs maitres du tems,' Paris, 1762. In
1749 he became a Councillor of State, and in 1760
inspector of the Gallery at Versailles. He died in
Paris in 1767.

MASSE, Samuel, a miniature painter, was bom
at Tours in 1671. He settled in Paris, where he
died in 1753. Another painter of the same name
flourished at Tours at the same time.

MASSEI, GiROLAMO, was a native of Lucca, and,
according to Baglione, flourished at Rome in the
pontificate of Paul V., where he painted several
pictures for churches and other public buildings.
In San Luigi de' Frances! is an attar-piece by him,
representing the ' Martyrdom of St. Sebastian'; and
in the Trinita de' Monti there are several pictures
in fresco of the Life and Miracles of St. Francis of
Paula, Agostino Taja, in his ' Descrizione del
Vatioano,' says he was one of the artists selected
by Fra Ignazio Danti, superintendent of the works,
to ornament the Loggie of the Vatican, where he
was employed several years. He returned to Lucca
towards the latter part of his life, and died there
at the age of eighty.

MASSI, Caspar, painter and engraver, worked at
Rome at the end of the 18th century. Among his
works are plates from :

Cardinal Fleury ; after Eigaud.
Pope Clement XII.
St. John of Nepomuc ; after Foli.
St. Nicolas ; after Calandrucci.

MASSI, G., is mentioned by Strutt as the en-
graver of a portrait of Cardinal Alaman Salviati,
after P. Nelli, dated 1730.

MASSI, Gentile, called Gentile di Niccol6 (di
Giovanni) da Fabhiano, was probably born at
Fabriano between 1360 and 1370. He learned his
art" under Allegretto Nuzzi ; his death took place
between 1440 and 1460, and he wag buried in San
Francesco Romana, in the Campo Vaccino. He is
known to have paid a visit to Venice, where he
spent some years in decorating the ducal palace,
and also painted an altar-piece for the church of
S. Felice, representing St. Paul and St. Anthony.
From thence in 1422 he went to Florence, and in
1426 he was sent for to Rome by Pope Martin V.,
to paint in San Giovanni Laterano, and he painted
a ' Holy Family ' for the church of S. Maria
Maggiore. At Florence, in the church of S.
Niccolo, is a subject by him from the life of that
saint; and in the sacristy of la Trinity, the 'Ador-
ation of the Magi,' dated 1423. Gentile's master-
pieces have perished both at Rome and Venice ;


remains of his paintings can be seen at Perugia,
at Fabriano, and as under :

Berlin. Mnsenm. Virgin between SS. Catharine

and Nicholas.

Florence. S. Niccolb. SS. Maiy Magdalene, Nicholas,
John the Baptist, and George.
„ tSacrisiy. God the Father, Christ, the Vir-

gin, and several Saints.
„ Academy. The Adoration of the Kings.

Milan. Brera. Coronation of the Virgin.

„ „ Four Figures of Saints.

Orvieto. Cathedral. Madonna.

„ „ Fragment of a Fresco.

Paris. Zouvre. The Presentation in the Temple.

„ „ Virgin and Child.

Venice. Academy. Madonna and Infant.

MASSIMI, Cavalieee. See Stanzioni.

MASSIMO, Aniella di. See Beltbano.

MASSINGER, Akdeeas, an engraver, was born
at Wasserburg, Austria, in 1759. He migrated to
Vienna, where he died in 1808. Among his plates

The Spanish Pointer ; after Stuhhs.
A View near Exeter ; after Holmes.
Sheep and Bams in groups ; after H. Moos.

MASSINI, C. An etching after a picture of
' Penelope at her Web,' by G. F. Grent, is signed
with this name.

MASSOLINI. See Azzolini.

MASSON, Andrew, a Scotch landscape painter,
born near Edinburgh in 1750, who also practised
as a drawing master. In the year before his death
he assisted Turner by making wave studies from
the Bell Rock Lighthouse. He died in 1826.

MASSON, Antoine, a celebrated French en-
graver, was born at Louri, near Orleans, in 1636.
He was brought up to the business of an armourer,
and first exercised the burin in graving ornaments
on steel. Early in his life he settled in Paris,
where he applied himself to drawing with great
assiduity, and acquired some celebrity in painting
and designing portraits. But he is principally
distinguished as an engraver ; and in some of his
plates, particularly his portraits, he reached an
excellence which has seldom been surpassed. He
worked entirely with the graver, which he handled
with surprising firmness and facility, and at the
saine time with the utmost delicacy. His portrait
of Brisacier, known by the name of ' The Grey-
headed Man,' is a model of lightness and precision.
That of Olivier d'Ormesson is also admirable. Of
his subjects, the celebrated print of ' Christ with
the Disciples at Emmaus,' after Titian, commonly
called ' The Table-cloth,' may be regarded as a
chef-d'oeuvre in the style to which it belongs. In
1679 he became a member of the Academy in
Paris, and died in that city in 1700. The following
is a list of Masson's works :

Anne of Austria, Queen of France ; after P. Mignard.
Maria Theresa of Austria, Queen of France; after

TV". Mignard.
Maria Anne Victoria of Bavaria, Dauphiness.
Louis Augustus, Duke dn Maine, ad vimm, sc.
Jean Jacques de Mesmes, Conte d'Avanx. 1683.
Fran9ois de Beauvilliers, Due de St. Aignan.
Francois Eouxel de Medavi, Archbishop of Kouen . 1677.
Maria de Lorraine, Duchesse de Guise; after N.

The Count d'Hareourt, called the Cadet de la perle;

after N. Mignard ; extremely fine.
Nicolas de Lamoignon Conte de Courson. 1676,



J^ome Eignon, Librarian to the King. 1686.

Denis 'Marin, Secretary to the King. 1672.

Louis Verjus, Conte de Crecy. 1679.

Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. 1683 ;

Guido Patin, M.D. ; engraved in a singular style ; rare.
Charles Patin, his son, M.D.
Francesco Maria, Doge of Genoa. 1685.
Hardouin de Beaumont, Archbishop of Paris ; after N.

Emanuel Theodore, Due d'Albert ; after the same.
G-aspar Charrier, Secretary to the King; after Blanchet.
Alexander du Puy, Marquis de St. Andre ; after De

Louis, Due de Vendome ; after P. Mignard.
G. de Brisacier, Secretary to the Queen, called ' The

Grey-headed Man ' ; ven/ fine.
Olivier le F^vre d'Ormesson,Pre6ident of the Parliament.

1668; vert/ fine.
Pierre Dupuis, Painter to the King ; after ]V. Mignard.
Antoine Masson, engraver to the King ; se ipse fecit.

The following life-size heads, though finely en-
graved, are less happy in the execution than the
preceding portraits :

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 31 of 201)