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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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of J. G. Prestel. Lichtensteger engraved after
him a portrait of P. G. Baier. His wife, Elizabeth
Christina, born at Nuremberg in 1749, and died
about 1800, painted flowers and birds.

MATHEUS, — , a French engraver, resided in
Paris about the year 1620. He was chiefly em-
ployed by the booksellers, and engraved several
plates of frontispieces, and other book ornaments,
which are, for the most part, from his own designs.
We may name the following by him :

The Adoration of the Mag^ ; from his own designs.
The Frontispiece to a ' General History of France ' ;

published at Paris in 1 619.
A Frontispiece to the ' Works of Thomas Aquinas.'

1622.
A Frontispiece to 'Amours d'Endymion et de la Lune.'

1624.



MATHEY, C. The name of this engraver is
afiBxed to the portrait of Arcangelo Corelli, the
musician, after Howard.

MATHIAS, Gabriel, exhibited in London in
1761 and following years, but being unsuccessful
in art he obtained an appointment in the Privy
Purse Office. One of his pictures, ' A Sailor splicing
a rope,' is engraved by McArdell. He died very
old in 1804.

MATHIEU, A., a French engraver, flourished
about the year 1656. We have by him some
spirited etchings, completed with the burin, in a
style somewhat resembling the works of Callot, for
a thin folio volume entitled ' Les Armes triomphantes
de son Altesse Monseigneur le Due d'Esperon pour
le sujet de son heureuse entree, faite dans la ville
de Dijon.' 1656.
MATHIEU, Anna Kosinb. See Lisczewska.
MATHIEU, Antoinb, born in England in 1632,
vrorked as a portrait and historical painter in Paris,
Dijon, and other French towns. He died in London
in 1673.

MATHIEU, AuGUSTB, a French painter of in-
teriors, was born at Dijon in 1807, and died in
1866.

MATHIEU, David, a portrait painter, born at
Berlin in 1697, was a pupil of J. Werner 'the
younger.' He married Anna Rosine Lisozewska.
His sons, Georg David and Hbinrich Freidrich
Leopold, born at Berlin in 1737 and 1750, were
instructed by their mother. Georg David settled
in Sweden, where he died in 1776. Heinrich died
at Gottingen in 1778.

MATHIEU, Jean, (or Matthieu,) an engraver,
born in 1749, was a pupil of Longueil. He was
one of the artists employed in the ' Voyage de la
Grece,' by Choiseul Gouffier, in the ' Voyages des
Royaumes de Naples et de Sicile,' by St Non, and
'Voyage d'Espagne,' by Laborde. Some of his
engravings are ia the Poullain Cabinet and in the
'Galerie de Florence.' He engraved ' La Vierge
aux Candelabres,' after Raphael ; and subjects
after Carraoci, Claude, G. Poussin, F. Mola, K. du
Jardin, J. Vernet, Ruisdael, and Wouwerraan. He
died at Fontainebleau in 1815.

MATHIEU, Lambert Joseph, a Belgian his-
torical, genre, and portrait painter, born at Bure
(Namur) in 1804. He studied at Antwerp under
Van Bree, and settled at Louvain, where he became
Director of the Academy. He died in 1861.
Amongst his chief works are :
Death of Mary of Burgundy. (Brussels Museum.)
The Entombment. (The same.)
Virgin and Child.

Young Venetian Girl in a Balcony.
MATHIEU, Pierre, a portrait and historical
painter, son of Antoine Mathieu, was born at Dijon.
In 1708 he became a member of the French
Academy, and died in 1740.

MATHILDE, Princess of Bavaria, and Grand
Duchess of Hesse, painted landscapes early in the
present century. She was a pupil of D. Quaglio.
At Munich are views of Puzzuoli near Ischia, and
Nymphenbourg near Munich by her. She was born
in 1813, and died in 1862.

MATHISSENS, Abraham, (Matthyssbns, or
Mattys,) a Flemish painter, was born at Antwerp
in the year 1581. He was a pupil of Tobias van
Haecht. According to M. Descamps, he was a
reputable painter both of history and landscapes.
In the cathedral at Antwerp is a picture by him
of the ' Death of the Virgin ' ; in the church of the



SEaton



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Hattioli



Recollets, an altar-piece representing the 'Virgin
and Infant Saviour with St. Francis,' and in the
Dresden Gallery » picture of still life by him,
which is signed Broder Matthisen fecit, Anno 1641.
He died in 1649. His son, Balthasae, was also
a painter.

MATON, B., (Matton, Mathon,) was a Dutch
painter, who copied the works of Gerard Dou and
Willem Mieris. He was particularly successful in
his copies of Dou's candle-light pieces. No par-
ticulars of his life are recorded, but from the
appearance of his works he seems to have been
contemporary with Willem Mieris. His pictures are
of small dimensions, and on panel.

MATSIJS. See Massys.

MATTEI, SiLVESTEO, historical painter, was
born at Ascoli in 1663. He was a pupil of C.
Maratti. He died in 1739.

MATTEIS, Paolo db, a painter and engraver,
was born at Cilento, near Naples, in 1662, and,
according to Lanzi, was the most celebrated scholar
of Luca Giordano and J. Maria Morandi. He first
followed the style of Giordano, whose rapidity of
execution he appears to have largely acquired. He
worked at Rome for Popes Clement XI. and XII.
and Benedict XIII. In the early part of his life
he went to France, where he was employed for
three years in some considerable works for the
court. He was invited to Rome by Benedict XIII.,
where he painted several pictures for la Minerva
and the church of the Ara Coeli. At Genoa, in
the church of S. Girolamo, are an ' Immaculate
Conception,' with a glory of angels, and ' St.
Jerome appearing to S. Saverio in a dream.'
At Naples he painted for churches (especially
in San Fernando) and galleries, and was em-
ployed in Monte Casino in 1692 and 1706-9. He
painted the great cupola of Gesu Nuovo in sixty-
five days. He died at Naples in 1728. He signed
his works with P. M. J-, Pan de Mat. Inv. Aquila,
J. DaulW, and others engraved after him. Among
his works are :

Milan. Museum. Acis and Galatea.

Munich. Gallery. Death of Cato of Utica.

Eistoja. Church of St. } St. Gaetauo and a Christ in

Faul. J glory.
Vienna. Gallery. Meeting of Herminia and the

Shepherds.

MATTENHEIMER, Andreas Theodoe, was
bom at Bamberg in 1752. His father was a
gardener, and after his death he received his first
instruction from a painter at Waldsassen. After
that he went to Munich, and then to Berlin and
Dresden. He afterwards returned to Bamberg, and
worked with Scheubel at altar-pieces for different
churches. He also painted several altar-pieces on
his own account. He died in 1810. His son
Joseph, who studied under his father, and died
young in 1802, painted portraits.

MATTENHEIMER, Carl, son of Andreas
Mattenheimer, was born at Bamberg in 1791. He
was instructed by his father, and also studied at
Vienna and Munich. He remained in Munich
some years, and painted several portraits. In
1820 he became teacher of drawing at Zwei-
briicken, and later on inspector of the Gallery at
Bamberg. He died in 1852.

MATTENHEIMER, Theodor, was born at
Bamberg in 1787. He was instructed in painting
by his father, Andreas Theodor Mattenheimer,
and afterwards attended the Academy at Munich,
and in 1811 that at Vienna. Subsequently he



became inspector, conservator, and director of
several galleries, and distinguished himself by his
paintings of still-life. Of his portraits those of the
Duchess Mary Anne and the Queen of Prussia are
noteworthy. He successfully restored several
paintings in the churches at Munich, in which city
he died in 1860.

MATTEO and his pupil Aloisb, were miniature
painters who lived in the 16th century. The first
was a native of Terranova, Calabria, and studied
at Rome ; the second was born at Naples. They
painted duiing 1607-23 the mass-books in Monte
Casino at Naples, and in 1526-27 the mass-books
at Perugia.

MATTEO Dl GIOVANNI (di Bahtolo), called
Matted da Siena, the son of a tinman of Borgo
San Sepolcro, was born not later than 1436. He
was considered one of the best Sienese painters of
his time. The ' Madonna della Neve ' (the ' Madonna
in the Snow '), painted for the brotherhood of that
name at Siena, is a fine example of his art ; it is
signed "Opus Matei di Senis," and dated 1477.
Matteo painted several pictures representing the
' Murder of the Innocents,' two of which are still
preserved in Siena. A third is in the Naples
Gallery. A mosaic by him of the same subject
is on the floor of the Siena Cathedral ; a rub-
bing from it is in the South Kensington Museum.
An 'Assumption of the Virgin,' in the National
Gallery, is a first-rate specimen of Matteo da Siena.
He is also represented in the same collection by a
small 'Ecce Homo,' which was long ascribed to
Niccolo da Foligno. Matteo died in 1496.

MATTEO DA SIENA, called Matteino, land-
scape painter, was a native of Siena, and flourished
in the 16th century. He lived chiefly at Rome,
where he painted the landscapes in the pictures of
Circignano. He died at Rome.

MATTEDS, CoENELis. The name of this artist
is affixed to a spirited etching of a landscape, with
a ruin in the background ; it is executed in a style
resembling that of Herman Swanevelt.

MATTHAI, JoHANN Peiedeich, was born at
Meissen in 1777, and studied at the Academy at
Dresden. He went subsequently to Vienna, where
he worked under Fiiger, and afterwards to Florence
and Rome. He died at Vienna in 1845. Matthai
was director of the Dresden Gallery and Academy
of Art. Among his best scholars were Rietschel
and Steinle. Two of his best pictures, the ' Death
of Codrus ' and the ' Death of .Slgistheus,' are in
the Gallery over which he himself presided. His
son, Heinrich Matthai, acquired some distinction
as a landscape painter. He died at Dresden in 1880.

MATTHIEW. See Mathiett.

MATTIOLI, Gieolamo, a painter, born in the
neighbourhood of Bologna about 1550. He studied
first under Sabbatini, and then under the Carracci.
He died young.

MATTIOLI, LoDovico, was bom at Guisa, near
Crevalcore, in Piedmont, in 1662, and leamed design
in the school of Carlo Cignani, with the intention
of becoming a painter, but the success of some
essays in etching induced him to devote himself
principally to that art. He died at Bologna in
1747. He painted several landscapes in fresco
at the Orphanage of San Bartolommeo in that
city. We have a variety of etchings by him,
after the Bblognese masters, as well as from his
own designs ; among them the following :

The Annunciation ; after Lod. Carracci j scarce.
The Oiroumcisiou ; after the same.



Uatton



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Maurer



The Nativity ; after Ayost. Carracci.
Christ and the Woman of Samaria ; after Annib. Car-
racci.
The Death of St. Joseph ; after Franceschini.
The Presentation in the Temple ; after G. M. Crespi.
The Martyrdom of St. Peter ; after the same.
Ecce Homo ; after Van Dyck.
Several Landscapes ; after Guei'cino.

MATTON, B. SeeMATON.
MATURING, B. C, was born at Florence in
1490. He had the advantage of studying under
Raphael, and was employed by him in ornamenting
the Loggie of the Vatican. He was the instructor
of Polidoro da Caravaggio, in conjunction with
whom he was much employed in ornamenting the
exterior of Roman palaces. One of the most cele-
brated of the united works of the two painters was
the ' Death of the Children of Niobe,' at the Mas-
chera d'Oro. The sacking of Rome by the Spaniards
in 1527, separated the friends, and interrupted their
work. Maturino did not long survive that event,
and is said to have died of the plague when he
was little more than thirty-seven years of age.
His works are signed B. G- M. The greater part
of his work done in collaboration with Polidoro
has long disappeared, but most of it has been
engraved by Cherubini Alberti, Pietro Santi Bartoli,
and others. The ' Story of Perseus and Andro-
meda' is still to be seen in the summer-house of
the Palazzo del Bufalo.

MATVEIEPP, Feodoe Miohailowitsch, born at
St. Petersburg in 1758, stayed at Rome in the early
part of the 19th century, and was one of the rnost
distinguished Russian landscape painters of histime.
He died there in 1826. His chief productions are
in the Hermitage at St. Petersburg.

MATVLEFF, Ivan, a portrait painter, was born
at Novgorod in 1704. He was sent by Peter the
Great in 1719 to Holland, and went afterwards
to Rome, where he passed some time. He died
at St. Petersburg in 1736.

MAUBERT, Jacques, portrait painter, and a
pupil of ' Magdalen ' Smith, was probably a native
of France. According to Lord Orford, he resided
in England in the reign of George I. He distin-
guished himself by copying all the portraits of
English poets he could meet with. He painted
Dryden, Wycherley, Congreve, and some others,
from the life, and the first of these three portraits
is in the National Portrait Gallery. He died in the
year 1746.

MAUBEUGE. See Gossaeet.

MAUCH, Eduard, engraver and designer, was
born at Geisslingen in 1800. His artistic education
was received in Ulm and Stuttgart. Most of his
life was passed in forwarding the cause of art in
his native district. In 1840 he published, in con-
junction with Dr. Gruneisen, ' Ulms Kunstleben in
Mittelalter.'

MAUCH, JoHANN Matthaus von, architect,
designer, engraver, lithographer, &c., was born at
Ulm in 1792. Most of his life was passed in the
teaching of the minor arts connected with archi-
tecture at Munich. He died at Stuttgart in 1856.
Among his pictorial works we may name a ' View
of the Bay of Naples, from the top of Vesuvius,' in
water-colours.

MAUCOURT, Charles, a portrait painter and
mezzotint engraver, was born in Germany, and
resided for several .years in London, practising m
both oil and water-colours, as well as miniature.
He belonged to the Incorporated Society of Artists,
and exhibited from 1761 to 1767. He died in



London in 1768. Among other prints, he left one
of ' The Expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain,'
signed G. Maucourtfec.

MAUDUIT, Louise Marie Jeanne, a French
portrait and history painter, was born in Paris in
1784, and became the wife of Louis Hersent. She
learnt her art under Meynier. Her death took
place in 1862. Her chief works are :

Visit of Louis XIV. when a child to Peter the Great.
St. Vincent de Paul and Sisters of his Order.
Henrietta de France. (Portrait.)

MAULBERTSCH, Anton Franz, (Maulpartsch,
Madlbetsch,) was born at Langenargen, on the Lake
of Constance, in 1724. He was instructed by Van
Roi at Vienna. There are several frescoes by him
at Inspruok, in the court chapel and rooms of the
Empress Maria Theresa ; at Dresden, in a chapel
of the court church, and at Prague in the library,
these last having been executed in 1794. Of his
oil-paintings may be mentioned ' Christ on the
Cross.' He etched several plates, among others
' The Death of Joseph ' and ' The Quack on the
Rostrum.' He sometimes signed his works A. M.
He was a member of the Academy at Berlin, and
cabinet painter to the court there. He died at
Vienna in 1796. Alberti, Schmutzer, and others
have engraved after him.

MAUPAIN. See Maupin.

MAUPBRCHl^, Henri, a French painter and
engraver, was born in Paris in 1602. He painted
landscapes in a style somewhat like that of Her-
mann Swanevelt. He was a member of • the
Academy of Paris, and. became a professor in 1655.
He died in 1686. In the large room at Fontaine-
bleau are fourteen landscapes in fresco by him.
We have fifty-one etchings of his, some of which
are from his own designs, and others after H.
Swanevelt. The following may be named :

A set of six plates of the History ofTobit.

A set of six plates of the History of the Virgin, from

the Annunciation till the Flight into Egypt.
Twelve Landscapes ; after Hermann Sioamvelt.
Two plates of the Prodigal Son.
Four Landscapes, with Figures and Euins.

MAUPIN, Paul, (or Madpain,) according to
Basan, was a native of Abbeville, and flourished
about the middle of the 17th century. He executed
some wood-outs in chiaroscuro, after J. Stella. Basan
mentions another engraver on wood, of the name
of Maupain, a relation of the above-mentioned
artist, but he does not specify any of his works.

MAURER, Caspar and Domenico, brothers,
gained great reputation at Munich in the end of
the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries for
their decorative and architectural paintings.

MAURER, Christoph, (or Muebk,) was born at
Zurich in 1558. His father, JosiAS Maurer, was a
painter of some merit, by whom he was instructed
in the first elements of design, but he afterwards
studied at Strassburg, under Tobias Stimmer, whose
style he adopted, and in conjunction with whom
he published a series of hunting-pieces in 1606.
He painted a large number of facades with scenes
from Scripture and Roman history, as well as from
that of his own country. His portraits in oil are
little inferior. He died at Winterthur in 1614.

MAIJRER, Heinkich, a Swiss painter and en-
graver, was born near Zurich, in 1774. _ He was
instructed by J. C. Huber, and studied after-
wards under Dillio at Munich and Granicher at
Dresden. He died in 1822.

126



KCaurer



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OP



Mayer



MAURER, Hubert, historical and genre painter,
was born at Rattehen, near Bonn, in 1738. His
parents were poor, and in 1762 he came without
means to Vienna, where he was instructed in
painting by Baumgartner and IWeytens. Through
application and ability he, in 1774, obtained a pen-
sion for Rome. He remained there four years, and
became in 1785 a professor and councillor of the
Academy at Vienna, where he died in 1818. He
painted a considerable number of altar-pieces and
portraits, among which are :

Vienna. Belvedere, Christ receiving Children.

„ Uofburg Chapel. St. Catharine.
„ Acad.of Engineers. God the Father in the Clouds.

MAURER, Jakob, a painter, was born at Schaff-
hausen in 1732. He studied at the Academy
of Amsterdam, and painted landscapes, animals,
portraits, and historical subjects. He lived in
Holland, where he died in 1780.

MAURER, J., was a native of Switzerland. He
came to England about the year 1745, where he
engraved several views of buildings, &o. in
London. He also drew largely with the pen.

MAURER, JosiAS, a portrait and historical
painter, born at Zurich in 1530. In 1576 he
engraved on wood a plan of his native town. He
died in 1580.

MAURICE, Lonis Joseph, a French historical
and decorative painter, born at Nancy in 1730. He
was brought up for the law, but his art tastes
proved too strong. In 1758 he went to St. Peters-
burg, where he became principal painter to the
Empress Elizabeth, and directed the coronation
f^tes on the accession of Ca/tharine II. On his
return to Prance he was employed by Marie
Antoinette in decorative work. He formed a rich
collection of objects of art. He died in Paris in
1820.

MAURICE, Saint. See Saint Maurice.

MAURIN, Antoine, a French historical painter,
born at Perpignan in 1793, and died in 1860.

MAURIN, Nicolas Eustache, a painter, probably
related to the last-named, was born at Perpignan
in 1798. He went to Paris, and became a pupil
of Regnault. He painted portraits and historical
pictures, among which were:

Leopold I., King of the Belgians.

Eleven portraits of the Koyal Family of France.

Portrait of Charles V.

Taking of the Louvre.

MAUS, BuGBKE, a Flemish painter, born at
Ixelles, near Brussels, in 1847. He painted land-
scapes and still-life. He died in 1881.

MAUZAISE, Jean Baptiste, was born at Corbeil,
Seine et Oise, in 1784, and studied under Vincent.
He first exhibited in 1812 with an 'Arab bewailing
the loss of his Horse.' He was a member of the
Legion of Honour, and died in 1845. He was
one of the earliest practitioners in lithography.
Among his paintings are :

Bordeaux. Museum. The Death of Clorinde.

Paris. Palais Royal. Lorenzo de' Medici, with his
Family and the Learned
Men and Artists at his Court.

MAWLEY, George, an English landscape
painter in oil and water-colours, born in London
in 1838. He studied at Gary's school and in the
schools of the Academy. His works appeared at
the Dudley Gallery and the Academy. He died
in London in 1870.

126



MAXWELL, GEORGE; an English landscape
painter, born in 1768. His works were praised by
Sir Joshua Reynolds, and were exhibited at the
Academy in 1787-9, in which latter year Jie died.

MAY, Jan or Hans. See Vebmeijen.

MAY, Olivier lb, a landscape and marine
painter, born at Brussels in 1720. Masquelier and
others engraved his views. He paid two visits to
America, and died about 1797.

MAYER, Bartolomaus, a painter, was born at
U)m about 1650. None of his paintings are
known. He died in 1729.

MAYER, Christian, was born at Vienna in
1812, and studied the art of engraving under
Kininger. He died at Vienna in 1870. The best
of his plates are :

The Development of the Sciences upon Grecian soil ;
after RaM^s frieze for the Athejis University.

Ariadne ; after Eeynolds.

Madonna ; after Celio Ord.

The Pursuit of the Christians in the Boman Cata-
combs J after Eahl.

lo ; after Correyyio.

The Four Divisions of the World ; after Rubens,

Boreas carrying off Orithyia ; after the same,

MAYER, Fbiedrich, landscape painter, was
born in 1825, and died in 1875. He painted
chiefly Alpine scenes.

MAYER, Johann Alois, was born at Lienz in
the Tyrol in 1801. He practised for a time as a
portrait painter at Innspruck. Afterwards he
went to Munich, and deserted portrait for genre.
He died in 1831.

MAYER, Karl, was born at Nuremberg in 1798,
and died at the same city in 1868. He studied
under Freiherr Christoph Haller, Priedrich Pleisch-
raann, and subsequently under Desnoyers and
Coigny in Paris. He distinguished himself as a
painter and an engraver on steel, and illustrated a
number of books, including Schiller's works and
some almanacs. His best plates are :

The Good Shepherd ; after Fiihrich.

Christ on. the Cross ; after Dilrer.

MAYER, Karl, was born at Vienna in 1810,
and his father dying soon after his birth, his
mother supported herself and child upon a very
small pension. His father's brother taking an
interest in the orphan, adopted him, and wished
him to be educated for the service of the Govern-
ment, but his talent for art was so decided that
his uncle finally encouraged it, and he was placed
under Gsellhofer in the Vienna Academy. Karl
Mayer travelled in various parts of Austria and
Germany, and acquired the friendship of Schubert
the composer. In 1834 he settled for a time at
Munich. 'In 1842, having obtained the prize of
Rome with his ' Prometheus and Pandora,' he com-
menced his travels in Italy, and after his return, in
1846, painted many noticeable pictures. In 1851
he was elected to the professorship of the smaller
Academy at Vienna, and was largely employed in
fresco paintings. In 1873 he fell out of health,
and received assistance in the form of a pension,
which he enjoyed until his death in 1876.

MAYER, Marie Franqoise Constance M. la
Martiniere, was born in Paris in 1778. She was
instructed by Sauvde, Greuze, and Prud'hon. She
exhibited many portraits and other subjects, in
Prance, from 1800 to 1821, in which year she com-
mitted suicide through vexation caused by her
love for Prud'hon. Among her works the most
popular were :



Uayno



PAINTERS AND ENQBAVEBS.



Hazzoni



Innocence between Love and Kiches.

Yeuus and Cupid asleep, caressed and awakened by

Zephyrs.
The Torch of Venus.
The Happy Mother.
The Abandoned Mother (in the Louvre).
A Young Naiad repelUng a Troop of Lovers who are

disturbing her in her retreat.
AOream of Happiness.

MAYNO, Fray Juan Bautista, was bom in
1569, and is said to have been instructed by Greco.
At an early period of his life he became a Domini-
can monk ; but this seclusion from the world did
not prevent the exercise of his talents, and he was
reputed one of the ablest painters of his time. He
had the honour of being drawing-master to Philip
IV., and was employed by him to paint his cele-
brated battle-piece in the Buen' Betiro, into which
he has introduced Olivarez animating the troops
to victory, by showing them the portrait of their
King Philip. He was also superintendent of the
paintings in the royal palaces. He died at Milan
in 1649. Among his paintings we may name :

Madrid. Museo. The Nativity.

„ „ The Kesurreofcion.

„ „ The Descent of the Holy Ghost.

„ „ The Mystery of the Trinity.

Toledo. S. Pedro \ „. p .

„ Cathedral. The History of St. Hdefonso.

MAYO, Joan db. See Vbrmeijen.

MAYOR, Barsaby, painter and engraver, who
flourished in the last half of the 18th century. He
painted a picture of Wenlock Abbey, engraved by
Valentine Green. He died in 1774.

MAYB, Heinrich von, was born at Nuremberg
in 1806, and after studying in that city under the
direction of his step-father, went to Munich in



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