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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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born at Madrid in 1628, and was a scholar of
Alonso Cano. He painted several historical works
for the public edifices in that capital, among them
a series of pictures of the life of St, Francis, in
the cloister of the Franciscans. He died at Madrid
in 1668.

MESA, Joan de, was a Spanish painter, who
resided at Madrid at the commencement of the
17th century. He painted for the college of the
Jesuits de Alcala de Henares a series of pictures
illustrative of the 'Life of St. Ignatius Loyola'
by Father Eibadeneyra, wliich were engraved in

MESLIN, Chakles, called Le Lorrain, was a
French landscape and historical painter and en-
graver. He was a pupil of Vouet, but spent most
of his time in Italy. He died in 1650.

MESMER. See MOssmer.

MESNIL, Elias du, (Mbnil,) a French engraver,
was born at Troyes in 1726. He was a pupil of
Fessard, and engraved several plates after Mieris,
Karel de Moor, and other Dutch masters.

MESQUIDA, GuiLLEEMO, the son of a merchant
of Minorca, was born at Palina about 1675, and
studied at Rome under Carlo Maratti. So close




was bis imitation that his works were often con-
founded with his master's. At Venice he studied
under an animal painter of local reputation. He
went to Brussels, where he married, and met with
some success. On his return to Italy he worked
extensively at Bologna and Rome. In the latter
city he became the master of Eosalba Salvioni.
He died at Palma in 1747. Cean Bermudez praises
his colouring. There are several paintings by him
in the cathedral, in Sant' Eulalia, and in San Jaime,
in his native town, where he spent the latter part
of his life, and died in 1747.

MESSA, Alonso db. See Mesa.

MESSINA, Ant. da. See Antonio, Anto-


MESSINA, Onofrio da. See Gabeiello.

MESSINA, Pino da, was living in the 16th
century, and is said to have been a pupil of
Antonello da Messina. It is recorded of this artist
that he painted a panel of St. Sebastian (now lost)
for the church of San Ginliano, Venice.

MESSINA, Salvo da, was, according to Hakert,
in his ' Memorie de' Pittori Messinesi,' the nephew
of Antonello da Messina, and flourished about the
year 1511. He is said by that author to have
been a successful follower of the style of Raphael ;
and he mentions with distinction a picture by him,
in the sacristy of the cathedral at Messina, repre-
senting the ' Death of the Virgin.'

MESSINESE, II. See Avellino, Giulio d'.

MESSMER, Fbanz, was born at Antholz, in the
Puster Valley, in 1729, and studied under Martin
von Mytens, and was one of the best portrait
painters of his time. In 1765 he was at the court
at Innspruck, and in 1767 became a member of the
Academy at Vienna, where we meet with his por-
trait of Schmutzer. He died at that city in 1773.
Schmntzer engraved after him the portrait of J.
von Sonnenfels.

MESSYS. See Massys.

METGEK, J. J., is the name of an engraver,
aflixed to a portrait of Cardinal Giovanni Nitardo,
in Priorata's 'History of the Emperor Leopold,'
published in 1672.

METHODIUS, a monk of the Order of St. Basil,
who in 863 went with St. Cyril to the court of the
Duke Eatislaus of Bulgaria. He studied painting
at Rome, and was employed by the Duke to
decorate his palace with pictures. Whereupon the
artist, we are told, painted a ' Last Judgment ' with
such power as to cause the Duke and his subjects
to be baptized on the spot I

METRANA, Anna, according to Orlandi, was a
native of Turin. She flourished aboutthe year 1718,
and distinguished herself as a painter of portraits.

METKODORUS, the elder, was a Greek painter,
philosopher, and probably writer on art. He
flourished about B.C. 168. He was painter to
Lucius Paulus JEmilius, the conqueror of Perseus
of Macedonia, and tutor to his children.

METSU, Gabriel, a Dutch painter of genre,
was born at Leyden in 1630. He was the son of
Jacob Metsu, a native of Belle in Flanders, and of
his third wife Jacomina Garnijerns, widow of a
painter, Willem Fremault. His first teacher in
art was probably his father, but he afterwards
studied under Dou, though in his style he more
resembled Terborch,for his pictures deal, as a rule,
' with the more refined sides of domestic life. In
1648 he was admitted into the Painters' Guild at
Leyden, but two years later he left that city and
went to Amsterdam, where he probably spent the

rest of his life. In 1658 he married Isabella Wolff,
and had to submit to the operation of lithotomy.
Twelve months later he obtained the rights of a
citizen of Amsterdam. He was buried at Amster-
dam on the 24th October, 1667. His pictures are
to be found in all the principal European galleries,
as the subjoined list will show.

Amsterdam. Museum.






Dorking. Deepdene.

Dresden. Gallery.








Nat, Gallery,



;; ^

•idgeioater Ho.


„ Hertford House.
Madrid. Gallery.
Montpellier. Museum.





Pesth. Gallery.

Petersburg. Hermitage.

Eotterdam. Museum.

Vienna. lielredere.

Czernin Coll.

The Breakfast.

The Old Toper.

An Old Woman.

The Sportsman's Present. {In

the Van der Hoop Collection.)
The Family of the Merchant

The Cook.
Portrait of a Lady.
A Dutch "Woman.
The Luncheon Party.
A Woman purchasini; Game.
A Young Woman giving Alms.
A Young Woman playing a

The Letter.
The Letter-writer.
A Man and his Wife in an Ale-
A Poultry-seller offering a Fowl

to a Lady.
An Old Woman bargaining with

a Poultry-woman.
The Game-seller bargaining with

a Cook.
A Man smoking by a Fire.
A Young Woman with a Lace

A Woman reading a Letter.
Old Woman eating (ascribed to

Domestic Scene.
A Lady and a Cavalier.
The Huntsman.
The Amateur Musicians.
Justice protecting the Widow

and Orphan.
The Duet.
The Music Lesson.
The Drowsy Landlady.
The Fish-wife.

A Lady caressing her Lap-dog.
The Stirrup Cup.

[ A Lady with a Wine-glass.

A Man playing and a Lady.

Le Corset bleu {a copy).

The Artist painting.

Four good Pictures.

A Dead Hen.

The Writer.


A Cook with a Fowl.

A Feast.

The Woman taken in Adultery.

The Vegetable Market at Am-

An Officer entertaining a Young

The Music Lesson.

The Chemist at a Window.

A Dutch Woman.

A Dutch Cook.

Portrait of AdmiralVan Tromp.

A Man and a Lady.

Interior of a Public-house
(known as 'The Prodigal
Son ').

The Sick Woman.

The Concert.

The Breakfast of Oysters.

The Eepast.

A Priest in his Study.

The Lace-maker.

The Smoker.





METSYS. See Massys.

METTAY, Pierre, a painter, was a native of
Normandy, and a pupil of Boucher in Paris. He
afterwards studied at Rome, and became a member
of the Paris Academy. He painted genre pictures,
mythological and historical scenes, and sea-views
after the style of Vernet, several of which were
engraved. He died about 1760.

METTENLEITER, Johann Evangelist, an en-
graver, the nephew of Johann Michael Mettenleiter,
was born at Grosskuohen in 1792. He studied
under his uncle.

METTENLEITER, Johann Jakob, was born at
Grosskuohen, Wiirtemberg, in 1750. He went to
Spiers and Holland, where he enlisted as a soldier
for the Cape. After his return he established him-
self for a time at Augsburg, but went to St. Peters-
burg in 1786, and died there in 1825. Some
of his paintings are in the Augsburg Cathedral,
viz., a ' Resurrection ' (1785) and two conversation
pieces, with portraits of the Von Oberwexer Family.
As an engraver he executed among others the
following plates :

A Peasant with a Hat and Stick.

Peasant at Table with Jug and Pipe ; after D. Teniers.

Peasants Drunli and another Laughing; afta- the same.

METTENLEITER, Johann Michael, was born
at Grosskuohen, Wiirtemberg, in 1766, and ac-
companied his brother Johann Jakob to Rome
when only ten years of age, but returned after-
wards to Augsburg. He continued his studies
under Dorner at Munich in 1782, and next etched
for the bookseller Strobel at Augsburg, and in
1790 became court engraver. The paintings in
the Hirschgarten at Munich are by him. He en-
graved in the style of Chodowiecki ; amongst
others four plates for the ' History of Germany '
by Klein, and many plates from Bavarian history
for Westenrieder's Almanac (1787—1816). He
signed with his full name, or the initials J MM, or
a monogram. He died at Pockau in 1853.

METZ, Cakolinb M. , subject painter, the daughter
of Johann Martin and sister of Conrad Metz. She
came to London with her family, and there her
works, which appeared at the Academy from
1773 to 1794, included portraits, fruit, and land-

METZ, Conrad Martin, an eminent engraver in
the chalk manner and in aquatint, was born at
Bonn in 1755, but received his education in art in
London, under Bartolozzi. His principal works are
imitations of and facsimiles from the drawings of
the old Italian masters, of which be published a
great number. In 1801 he left England for Rome,
where he continued to exercise his ready talent at
imitation, and otherwise engraving from works of
the highest order till the time of his decease, which
occurred in London in 1827. One of his chief
works was Michelangelo's ' Last Judgment,' in
twelve plates (1808).

METZ, Franz, a Benedictine brother of the
cloister of Prifling near Rheims, who went to
Seeben in the Tyrol about 1630, and painted three
altar-pieces. In the library at Innspruck is the
drawing of a ' Magdalene ' by this artist.

METZ, Gektraud, a flower painter, was the
daughter and pupil of J. M. Metz of Cologne. She
studied at the Academy of Diisseldorf about 1766,
and with her father and brother came to England
soon after. She painted some figure pictures,
besides flowers, fruit, and insects.


METZ, GusTAV, painter and sculptor, was born
at Brandenburg in 1817. He first tried sculpture
under Rauch at Berlin, and followed his school-
fellow Rietschel to Dresden, but being disappointed
in his hopes of obtaining the grand medal of the
Berlin Academy, he devoted all his attention to
painting. Metz died of a severe attack of cholera
in 1853, in London. A 'Betrothal of Tobias' by
him is in the Berlin National Gallery.

METZ, Johann Martin, was born about 1730,
and was received a member of the Guild at
Cologne in 1768. He was long court painter to
the Elector Clemens August at Bonn, and made
drawings of his castles, which were engraved by
Nikolaus Mettel and Peter Wyon ; but he especially
distinguished himself as a painter of flowers. In
1771 he went to England, and died about 1800.
Several of his still-life and genre pieces are at
Cologne, in the Wallraf-Eichartz Museum.

METZGER, Cheistoph, an engraver of Frank-
fort on the Main, who lived in the latter part of
the 17th century.

METZGER, Johann Jakob, a German engraver
who flourished in 1670. Six portraits engraved by
him are known.

MEUCCI, Vincenzo, was born at Florence in
1694, and studied under Giachetto Fortini and
Sebastiano Galeotti at Piacenza, and Giuseppe dal
Sole at Bologna. He died in 1766. Gregori en-
graved a ' Madonna ' after him. He has left the
following works among others :

Florence. Gerini Gall. A Ceiling with the History of
„ S. Lorenzo, Frescoes in the Cupola.

MEULEMANS, Adriaan, (Meulmans,) a painter,
was born at Dordrecht in 1766. He studied with
Versteeg. He lived at Dordrecht, and painted
water pieces, night scenes, and cabinet pictures.
He died about 1834.

MEUNIER, Louis, (Meusnier, or Musnier,) an
architectural designer and engraver, flourished
about 1665. His prints, which number eighty-six,
consist of landscapes and architectural views in
Spain, Portugal, Italy, France, and Belgium, in all
of which countries he appears to have travelled.
His manner of engraving resembles that of Perelle
and I. Silvestre, and in some of his pieces that of
Thierry Stoop.

MEURER, Joseph, was born at Miinster, West-
phalia, about 1740, and was instructed in the art
of painting by an artist at Frankfort. He next
studied in Paris, and afterwards lived at Miinster
and Verden, but his works, representing still-life,
landscapes, devastations by fire, genre, mythology,
scenes from the Bible, and poi-traits, seem modelled
on Rembrandt. He died at Verden in 1817. He
etched several plates, among which the best are :

The Boy with the Bird.
The Hermit praying.

MEURS, Cornelis Hubert tan, an engraver,
was a nacive of Holland, and resided at Amsterdam
about the year 1760. According to Basan he en-
graved several plates after Mieris, Van der Werf,
and other masters.

MEURS, Jakob van, an engraver, was born
at Amsterdam about 1640. His name is affixed
to a portrait of Tycho Brahe, the astronomer.
He was cliiefly employed by the booksellers, and
engraved several frontispieces, &c.

MEL'S, Livius, or Lieven. See Mehus.




MEUSNIER, Philippe, a French painter of
perspective and architectural views, was born in
Paris in 1655. He was a scholar of Jacques Rous-
seau, and on leaving that master went to Rome,
where he passed several years in the study of
painting and in other work. On his return to
Paris he was patronized by Louis XIV. and his
successor. In 1680 he executed the decorations of
the roof of the chapel at Versailles. He became
a member of the Royal Academy in Paris in 1702,
one of its council in 1703, and its treasurer in 1719.
He died in I'aris in 1734. His son Philippe, a
pupil of Largilliere, died in England.

MEVES, Augustus, a miniature painter who
practised in the 19th century. He died in Shore-
ditch in 1818.

MEVIUS, JoHANN Geoeq Ambbos, was a land-
scape painter, native of Frankfort on the Main.
He was born in 1710; and when he was sixty years
of age he went to Amsterdam, where he died.
His son JoHANN Fbiedrioh was born at Worms
in 1727, and died about 1796. He also painted

MEYER, Andreas, according to Professor Christ,
was a native of Zurich. He is said to have
been a painter, and to have engraved some views
of towns, which are marked with a curious mono-

gram "^ •

MEYER, Christian Gottlieb, a painter, was
born at Dresden in 1730, and died in 1755. He
was court portrait painter.

MEYER, C. H., painter, was bom at Aurich in
Bast Friesland. He studied at the Academy of
Berlin. He painted views and landscapes, and
died in 1836.

MEYER, Daniel, painter and etcher, was born
at Frankfort in 1570, and died there in 1630. The
following etchings are by him :
Eighty plates, ' Arohitectura, Vonn Austheylung der

fiinff Sealen,' published in 1612.
Fifty plates, 'Arohitectura, oder Yerzeiohniss aller-
hand Binfassungen an Thiiren, Fenstern. AUes
erstlichen new erfunden und geetzt durch Daniel
Meyern, Mahlem vu Biirgern zu Franltfurt am Main
MDOIX, neu aufgelegt im Jahr 1659.
MEYER, Dietrich (or Theodoe), a Swiss painter
and etcher, was born at Eglisau in 1572, and
obtained a reputation for portraiture, historical
and glass painting, as well as by several designs
in Indian-ink and black and red chalk. A series
of plates which he published in 1599 show that at
that time he had not yet discovered the " soft etch-
ing-ground " which at a later period he employed
in all his plates. He died at Zurich in 1658.
The following are the best of his plates :

Six plates of Peasants dancing.

A Festival Procession with fireworks, in Paris, on the

occasion of a Double 'Wedding between members of

the French and Spanish Courts.
Six plates of Mythological figures.

He used the monogram ^f\_-

MEYER, Elias, a flower and landscape painter,
was born at Copenhagen in 1763. He was a
fellow of the Academy, and died in 1809.

MEYER, Ernst, genre painter, was born at
Altona in 1795. He attended the Academy at
Copenhagen, studied at Munich under Cornelius,
went in 1824 to Naples and Amalfi, and settled in
1833 at Rome. He became a member of the
Copenhagen Academy in 1843, and died at Rome
in 1861. There are by him :

Berlm. Wat. Gallery, A Lazzaroni Family. 1831.
Copenhagen. Thorwaldr ) ~ t • ^

sen Museum. S^^^^'^^^"'^'^''^^-
Stuttgart. Bosenstein. A House at Tivoli.

MEYER, Felix, painter and etcher, was born at
Wmterthur in Switzerland in 1663. He was the
son of a clergyman, who was desirous of bringing
him up to the Church; but his inclination for'
drawing interfered with his studies, and he was at
length permitted to indulge his propensity. He
possessed an uncommonly fertile imagination, and
an extraordinary readiness of hand, of which he
ninde the fullest use. Decamps says that during
his travels through Germany, he visited the famous
Abbey of St. Florian just when two halls had to be
decorated in fresco. An obscure artist of the
neighbourhood, who had been apphed to, had taken
months to prepare a scheme, while Meyer, in the
course of a few minutes' talk with the abbot,
sketched out a complete series of pictures, drawing
them in the while on the blank wall with a piece of
charcoal tied to a stick. In the result he was en-
gaged to carry out the work. There is an excellent
landscape by Meyer in the Belvedere at Vienna.
Meyer had his figures inserted usually by M. Roos
and G. P. Rugendas. He died at Weyden in 1713.
He etched several plates from his own designs.
Among them are :

A set of twelve Views of Switzerland ; Felix Meyer fee.

Four Landscapes, with ruius and figares : same siqvMwre.

Four Views in Switzerland, with figures.

Four Mountainous Landscapes, with buildings.

The Falls of the Ehiue.

MEYER, Franz Anton, (or Mbybrle,) was born
at Prague in 1710. According to Lanzi he resided
several years at Turin, where he took the name of
Francesco Antonio Meyerle. He painted small
highly-finished pictures of domestic subjects and
portraits, and was less successful when he painted
on a larger scale. He passed the latter part of
his life at Veroelli, where many of his works are
to be foimd. He died in 1782.

MEYER, Geoeg Fbiedrioh, painter, was born
at Mannheim in 1735. His first master was Daniel
Hein, and th6n he went to Paris, where he studied
under Casanova, and had the good fortune to meet
with Duke Christian IV., who took him with him
to Mannheim, where in the summer he studied
nature on the banks of the Rhine and Neckar, and
in the winter pursued his studies at the Academy.
He died in 1809.

MEYER, Hendrik, (Meijer,) a landscape and
cattle painter, chiefly in water-colours and tempera,
was born at Amsterdam in 1737. He was one of
the directors of the Academy at Haarlem, where
he resided. Late in life he became implicated in
the Revolution of 1788, and had in consequence to
leave Holland, upon which he visited England, in
company with W. Hendriks, the painter of dead
game, and estabhshed himself in London, where
he died in 1793. He had exhibited at the Academy
in the two previous years, executing principally
Dutch scenes. His landscapes were in the style
of Izaak van Ostade.

MEYER, Henry, born in London in 1782, was
a nephew of Hoppner and a pupil of Bartolozzi.
He engraved in mezzotint and in the dotted manner,
and was very skilful in his management of por-
traits, on which he was principally engaged. He
was one of the foundation members of the Society
of British Artists, and contributed to some of their





exhibitions from 1824 (their first) to 1831. In the
latter portion of his career he sometimes drew
portraits, and that with great success. He died in
1847. Among his plates there are :

Admiral Nelson and Lord Cathcart ; after Hoppner.
The Princess Charlotte and Prince Leopold; after

Miss O'Neal in the character of Belvidera ; after Devis.
Mr. Mathews in various characters ; a/to" Harluwe.
Sir John NichoU ; after Owen.
Mary anointing the feet of Jesus ; after Hilton.
Sir Koger de Coverley ; after Leslie.
The Proposal and the Congratulation ; after Marlowe.
The Stolen Kiss ; after Kidd.
The Dancing Bear ; after Witherington.

MEYEE, Jeremiah, (or Meibe,) English minia-
ture painter, was born at Tubingen, in Wurtem-
berg, in 1735. He came to this country with his
father at the age of fourteen. He was long a
member of the St. Martin's Lane Academy. In
1757-8 lie had two years' pupilage under Zincke,
for which he paid £200 premium. In 1762 he was
naturalized, and in 1764 appointed on the house-
holds both of the King and Queen. On the founda-
tion of the Royal Academy in 1769 he was invited
to become a member, and for fourteen years he
was a constant contributor to its exhibitions.
Meyer was a great student of Reynolds, from
whom he caught not a little of his grace and
refinement, and some of his power as a colourist.
His miniatures were among the best of their
time. Meyer married Barbara Marsden, herself
an artist of some ability. He died at Kew in 1789.

MEYER, Joachim, was a native of Strasburg,
and flourished about the year 1570. We have by
him a set of sixty-two woodcuts, representing
combats with the sword.

MEYER, JoHANN, was probably of the same
family with Dietrich Meyer. He was a painter,
and usually resided at Nuremberg. We have
several prints by him, some of which are from his
own designs. Among others, a set of battles,
etched in a spirited style. He also engraved a set
of the principal fountains at Rome, which were
published at Nuremberg in 1600.

MEYER, JoHANN, the sou of Konrad Meyer, was
born in 1655. He was a painter and engraver. He
died in 1712. Nagler gives a long list of his plates.

MEYER, JoHANN, flower painter, was born in
Switzerland in 1614, and died in 1666.

MEYER, JoHANN Heinrich, also called Goethe-
Meyer, was born at Stafa on the Lake of Zurich
in 1760. He was first instructed by Johann Kaspar
Fiissli at Zurich, from whence he returned home
and studied by himself in 1781-4. He went to
Italy in the latter year, and there made Goethe's
acquaintance in 1786. At Naples, which city he
visited in 1787, he studied the collections of the
old vases and antiquities of the Museum at Her-
culaneum. From Rome, where he went in 1788,
he returned to Switzerland in 1789, and became
drawing-master at the Academy at Weimar in
1792. He undertook a second journey to Italy in
1795, and stayed principally at Rome and Florence.
He returned to Weimar in 1797, and shortly after
gave himself up to writing upon art. He assisted
Goethe a great deal in his works upon art, and was
also in communication with Schiller. He died at
Jena in 1832. His productions as an artist consist
chiefly of water-colour and other drawings from
antique remains, or from the works of the great
Italian painters.


MEYER, Johann Heinrich Ludwig, (or Meijek,)
painter, was born at Amsterdam in 1819. He was
a pupil of Jan Willem Pieneman. During the
early part of his career he devoted himself to
landscape and history. In 1843 and 1844 he ex-
hibited with success at the Salon, and in 1855 was
awarded a prize at the Paris International Exhibi-
tion. He died in 1866 at Utrecht. Among his
best productions we may name :

A Storm in the Channel. {Amsterdam Museum.)

Burning of the ' ludia ' at Sea.

Dutch Vessels off Flushing.

A Ship striking on the English Coast.

A Storm off Soheveniugen.

Shipwreck on the Dutch Shore.

MEYER, Johann Jakob, born at Zurich in 1749,
was a designer, painter, and engraver, and was
instructed in art by Balthasar Bullinger and Joh.
K. Fiissli. He came afterwards to Vienna, and
worked a great deal for the Hungarian nobihty.
He died in 1812.

MEYER, Konrad, the elder, the younger son of
Dietrich, and the younger brother of Rudolph
Meyer, was bom at Zurich in 1618. After receiv-
ing some instruction from his brother Rudolph
and L. Stadler, he went to Frankfort, where he
became a scholar of Matthaus Merian, and studied
the works of Bloemaert, Jordaens, and Sandrart.
Subsequently he went to Augsburg, and in 1643 to
Zurich, in both of which towns he was chiefly
occupied in the painting of portraits, including
that of his father, which is considered his best.
He died at Zurich in 1689. As an engraver he
may be considered as one of the most laborious
artists of his time, and the number of his prints
is very considerable. Kaspar Fiissli, who had
endeavoured to collect an entire set of them, had
got together upwards of 900, without having
them nearly complete. Among the best we may

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 38 of 201)