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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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enumerate :

A series of ninety portraits of his fellon -citizens.

A series of 103 portraits of writers and churchmen.

A * Dance of Death ' (61 plates).

The ' Mirror of a Christian ' (15 plates).

The Sports of Children (26 plates).

The ages of Man (10 plates).

Scenes from the New Testament (102 plates).

Meyer used the signatures C M fecit, G. M f, &c.

MEYER, Ludwig, called Meter of Knonau, was
born at Knonau in 1705. He was an engraver, and
painted portraits and landscapes. He died in 1785.

MEYER, Melohior, the unknown author of a
plate of ' Apollo and Marsyas ' (Bartsch xvi. 146).

MEYER, Rddglph, the son and scholar of
Dietrich Meyer, was born at Zurich in 1605, and
died in 1638. He painted history and portraits,
but was more distinguished as an engraver than as a
painter. We have by him several plates of emblem-
atical subjects and portraits, some of which were
published with those of his brother Konrad. He
made the desii^ns for the ' Dance of Death,' which
were engraved by Konrad.

MEYER, Wilhelm, was bom at Zurich in 1806,
and studied decoration under S. Quaglio at Munich.
In 1833 he worked at Nuremberg, and from 1837
to 1840 at Zurich, Berne, and Lucerne. He sub-
sequently visited Italy and Spain, and in these
countries devoted himself to architectural painting,
in which branch he became deservedly esteemed.
He died at Zurich in 1848.

MEYERHEIM, Eduard Feanz, who was born
at Berlin in 1838, first studied painting under his
father F. E. Meyerheim, and in the Academy at




Berlin, but afterwards travelled much in search of
subjects for his pictures, which are mostly of a
genre character. For a short time he held the
post of professor of anatomical drawing at the
Berlin Academy, but in 1878 his ill health com-
pelled hira to resign, and he died in 1880 at Marburg
on the Lahn. The following are a few of his best
works :

Children and Cats. 1859.
Maternal Love. 1862.
Market Day. 1863.
The ToHng Mother. 1866.
Hessian Peasant Family. 1868.

at Amsterdam in 1646. He was instructed in the
elements of design by his father, Frbderik Meijee-
INGH, who was chiefly employed in painting screens,
and other articles of furniture. Albert was, how-
ever, destined to exercise his talents in a higher
Une. Whilst he was yet young he formed the
project of travelling in search of improvement,
and before he was twenty years of age he visited
Paris, where he resided some time, but with no
great encouragement. By assiduity and labour he
procured the means of continuing his journey to
Italy, where his abilities procured him the esteem of
Jan Glauber and others, and he met with suflBcient
employment to induce him to reside for some time at
Rome. On his return to Holland, after an absence
of ten years, he was employed by William, Prince
of Orange. His views are agreeably varied, and
are frequently embellished with the ruins of
ancient architecture, and decorated with figures
representing historical or fabulous subjects, in the
style of Gerard de Lairesse. He died at Amster-
dom in 1714.

MEYERLE. See Meyer.

MEYLENER, P., a little known Dutch painter
of landscapes. He flourished about 1645.

MEYNERT, Claes, was commissioned in 1507
to paint a St. Matthew, for the Church of St. Bavon,
at Haarlem, for the sum of 40 florins.

MEYNIEE, Charles, a French historical and
battle painter, born in Paris in 1768. He studied
under Vincent, and shared the prix de Rome with
Girodet in 1789. The Revolution, however, caused
his premature return from Italy, and he im-
mediately began to practise in Paris. Much of
his time was engaged in decorative work. He
painted several frescoes for the Louvre and for
the Paris Bourse. He was elected a member of
the Institute in 1815, and in 1822 was decorated
with the Legion of Honour, becoming an officer in
1830. Two years later he died in Paris of cholera.
Amongst his chief works are :

Amiens. Museum. CEdipus. 1814.

Bordeaux. Museum. Erato. 1800.

Montpellier. Museum. Timoleon.

Paris. Louvre. Phorhas and CEdipus. 1814.

St. Denis. Cathedral. Dedication of rit. Denis. 1812.

St. Mand^. St. Michael conquering Satan.

Versailles. Gallery. Bestoration of its colours to

the 68th Regiment at Inns-

pruok. 1808.
„ „ Entry of the French into Berlin.

MEYSSENS, CoRNELis, (Mytens, &c.,) the son
of Jan Meyssens, was bom at Antwerp about the
year 1640, and was instructed in engraving by his
father. His principal plates are portraits, many
of which are from the designs of Jan Meyssens.
They are executed with the graver, in a stiff,
tasteless style. He also engraved several frontis-

L 2

pieces, and other book ornaments. The following
are his best works :

A set of Portraits of the Austrian Emperors ; entitled
' Effigies Imperatorum domds Austriac^, delineatsB
per Joannem Meyssens, et seri insoulptra per filium
suum Cornelium Meyssens.'

The Portraits of the Sovereign Princes and Dukes of
Brabant ; entitled, ' Les Effigies des Souverains
Princes et Dues de Brabant.' A part of these are
engraved by P. de Jode, "Waumans, and others.


Charles 11. ; for the History of Leopold.

Octavius, Duke of Aremberg ; C. Meyssens so.

Cardinal Antonio Barberini.

Cardinal Einaldo, Principe Estense.

John de "Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland.

David, Count of Weissenwolil, &c.

MEYSSENS, Jan, often confused with Aart
Izaah Mytens, was a Flemish painter and en-
graver, born at Brussels in 1612. He was first
a scholar of Anthonie van Opstal, and afterwards
of Nicolas van der Horst, both obscure artists.
He attempted both historical subjects and portraits,
but was generally employed in the latter. The
greater part of his life was passed in Holland. For
many years he resided at Amsterdam, where he
carried on an extensive commerce in prints, and
engraved many plates from his own designs, as
well as after other masters, among which are
several portraits of artists. He died about 1670.
Among his plates we may name :

Portrait of Charles 1.

Portrait of Henrietta Maria, his Queen.

Portrait of Heudrik de Keyser, architect and sculptor ;

J. Meyssens fee.
Portrait of Guide Eeni ; se ipse pinx. J. Meyssens fee.
Portrait of Francesco Padovanino, painter ; se ipse pivx.
Portrait of Daniel Segers, flower-painter ; after Lievens.
Portrait of Cornelis de Bie ; after Eras. Quellinus.
Portrait of "William de Nieujant, painter.
Portrait of Mary Ruthven, wife of A. van Dyck ; after

Van Dyck.
Portrait of himself ; se ipse pinx.
The Virgin and Child ; after Titian.
Meleager presenting the Boar's Head to Atalauta ;

after Rubens.

MEYTBNS, Martin van, (Mijtbns or Mytens,)
a Swedish painter, was born at Stockholm in 1695
or 1698. He was instructed by his father, Peter
Martin Meytens, and visited for improvement
Holland, England, and France. In the last country
he learned enamelling under Boit, and painted at
Paris the portrait of the Duke of Orleans, Louis
XV., and the Czar Peter. Subsequently he was
employed by August I. at Dresden. In 1721 he
went to Vienna, afterwards to Venice and Rome,
and there studied oil painting. On his return to
Vienna in 1726 he became painter to the emperor,
and in 1769 director of the Academy. He died at
Vienna in 1770. Though his portraits were good
likenesses, he followed the taste of his time in
other respects, and fell into mannerism. There is
an equestrian portrait of the Emperor Charles VI.
by him in the National Museum at Stockholm.

MEYVOGEL, Matthieu (?), a Dutch painter
who was at work in Rome early in the 17th century.

MEZIOS, M., is mentioned by Strutt as having
engraved a few portraits ; among others, that of
a physician and poet, Joannes Petrus Lothicus,
prefixed to his works, which were published in

MEZZADRI, Antonio, was a native of Bologna,
and flourished about the year 1688. According to
Lanzi he excelled in painting fruit and flowers.





MEZZASTRI, PlEE-ANTONiO, born at Foligno in
1457, painted in fresco in the churches of that
town. He died at Fohgno in 1606. His 6on
Beenabdino Mezzastki followed the art of his

MICARINO (Mecabino, &o.). See Beccafdmi.

MICCO, Spadaeo. See Gaegitjoli.

MICHAEL, Master. See Sohwaez.

MICHAELIS, Geeaed Jan, a Dutch landscape
painter and engraver, was born at Amsterdam in
1776. He was a pupil of Jurian Andriessen, and
the miniature painter G. N. Bitter. He died at
Haarlem in 1857.

MICHAELIS, J. W., an engraver, resided at
Frankfort about the year 1700, and engraved
several heads for a work entitled, ' Notitia Univer-
Bitatis FranoofertanEB,' published in 1707.

MICHALLON, Achille Etna, a French land-
scape painter, born in Paris in 1795. When quite
young he lost his father, the sculptor Claude
Michallon. At the early age of fifteen his pictures
attracted attention, and he received a pension from
the Russian Prince Issoupoff. His studies were
directed by David, Valenciennes, Bertin, and
Dunouy. Re was but sixteen years of age when
he obtained a second class medal at the Salon of
1812. Five years after he won the grand prix for
his ' Democritus and the Abderans.' After a stay
of four years at Rome he returned and settled
down in Paris to the practice of his profession.
The promise of his career was, however, cut short
by his premature death, which occurred in Paris
in 1822. Amongst the few works which he left
are :

Landscape near Frascati. 1822. {Louvre.)

The Isle of LemDos. 1822. (Montpellier Miiseum.)

Eoland at Eoncesvalles.

The Centaurs and the Lapithse.

MICHALOWSKI, a Polish water-colour painter
of military scenes, was horn at Cracow in 1804.
He took refuge in Prance, where he became
the friend of Horace Vernet and Charlet. He
died in 1855.

MICHAU, Th:^obald, was born at Toumay in
1676, but resided chiefly at Brussels. He studied
under W. Schellinks, and painted landscapes and
merry-makings, in which he imitated Pieter and
Jan Breughel, David Teniers, and Pieter Bout.
In 1699 he was residing at Brussels, and was
received into the Corporation of St. Luke. He.
died at Antwerp in 1756. There are by him :

Augsburg. Gallery. The Ford.

„ „ The Cattle Market.

„ „ A Fair.

„ „ March of Troops.

„ „ Street Scenes.

Vienna. Belvedere. Several paintings.

MICHAULT, Georges, a French engraver, was
born at Abbeville in 1752. He was a pupil of
Frangois Aliamet, and engraved several plates in
the style of his instructor ; among them some
views in the neighbourhood of the Pare Monceau,
Paris. He died about 1810. We have also the
following by him :

Acis and Galatea ; after Lafosse.

The dead Christ ; after Schiavone ; in the Orleans

MICHEL, Geoeges, landscape painter, was
born in Paris about 1763. His father was em-
ployed in the Paris markets, but his son found
a protector who placed him, in childhood, in the


house of a village curate on the plain of St.
Denis, and afterwards apprenticed him to the
painter Leduc. When he was sixteen, Michel
formed an alliance, it is uncertain whether a
legal one or not, with a girl of his own age,
who bore him eight children before he was out
of his first youth. In 1827 she died, when he
married Anne Maria Charlotte Olaudier-Vallier, who
survived him, and to whom we owe most of what
is known of his life. This seems to have been a
sufficiently adventurous one in a small way. At
one time he was the painting companion of Louis
Bruandet, at another he was living in the house
of a noble amateur, whose pictures he finished.
His favourite subject was the great plain which
stretches from Montmartre out to the north of St.
Denis. There he found subjects for the hundreds
of pictures which he left behind, and which are
only now emerging from obscurity. As a rule
they are painted on prepared paper, and in style
may be compared, at a respectful distance, to the
work of Old Crome. In spite of the small prices
he received, Michel contrived to pass his life in
modest comfort. He died in Paris in 1843. The
following two pictures are to be seen in the new
gallery at the Luxembourg :

Aux environs de Montmartre,

Int^rieur de F6ret. ■^ ^

MICHEL, Jean Baptiste, an engraver, was horn
in Paris in 1738 or 1748. He is said to have been
a scholar of Chenu, whom he greatly surpassed.
He came to England about the year 1780, and was
employed on several plates for Boydell. He died
in 1804. The following are his principal prints:


Sir Thomas Gresham ; after Sir A. More.
Eubens's Wife ; after Rubens.
Frans Hals ; after a picture hy- himself.
La Joconda ; after Leonardo da Vinci.
M. F. A. de Voltaire.


Two prints of the Bath of Venus ; after Boucher.

The Death of Dido ; after M. A. Challes.

The Death of Hercules ; after the same.

Abraham, Sarah, and Hagar ; after Pietro da Cortona.

The Prodigal Son ; after Salvator Rosa.

Hercules and Omphale ; cifter Somanelli.

Venus and Cnpid ; after Carlo Maratti.

The Death of St. Joseph ; after Velazquez.

The Three Graces ; after Subens.

Faith, Hope, and Charity ; after the same.

The Nativity ; after Carlo Cignani.

The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after Guido.

Clytie ; a circular print ; after Annib. Carracci.

Cupid stung by a Bee ; after West.

Alfred dividing his last Loaf with a Pilgrim ; after the

The Continence of Alfred ; after the same.

MICHEL, Jean, a French historical painter, who
flourished at Rouen in 1564. In conjunction with
his father he executed a picture for the church of
St. Jean at Rouen, representing the ' Passion.'

MICHEL, Louis, (Michiel,) a fruit and flower
painter, flourished at the Hague in 1675. He was
a pupil of Wieling and Hermann Verelst.

MICHELANGELO. See Buonaeeoti.

MICHELANGELO, Feancesoo, called II Aqui-
LANo, was an historical painter, who flourished at
Aquila in 1700. He was a pupil of B. Luti. He
died young.j





MICHELANGELO ' delle Battaglie.' Se

MICHELANGELO di Tode. See Eicciolini.


MICHELE DA PAVIA was an historical and
portrait painter, who flourished about 1460. In
1459 he worked for Pius II., and was painter to
the court of Mantua from 1458 to 1465.

MICHELE DA Verona, painted in that city at
the beginning of the 16th century. We know that
he existed because a series of frescoes and canvases
bearing his name have come down to us. Of these
the most important is a ' crucifixion ' dated 1500,
formerly in the refectory of San Giorgio at Verona,
but now in San Stefano, at Milan. Pictures by him
are also to be found in Sant' Anastasia, Verona ;
Santa Maria in Vanzo, Padua ; Santa Chiara,
Verona ; and in churches at Selare and Villa di
Villa, near Este. In his art he was allied but far
inferior to Cavazzola. His latest known picture is
' The Madonna enthroned,' at Villa di Villa, which
is dated 1523. There is a fair example of his work
in the National Gallery. The subject is the en-
counter between Coriolanus and his wife and
mother, Virgilia and Volumnia.


MICHELE DI MATTEO. See Lambbktini.

MICHELE, Ande^, called Vioentino, an his-
torical painter, was born at Vicenza in 1539. He
was a pupil of Palma the elder. He died in 1614.
At Florence there are by him ' The Queen of Sheba,'
' Banquet of Solomon,' ' The Visitation ' ; at Munich
' The Assembly of Crowned Heads ; ' at Paris ' The
Reception of Henri III. at Venice in 1574 ; ' and
at Brussels ' The Marriage of Cana in Galilee.'

MICHELE, Paerasio, was a native of Venice,
and flourished about the year 1590. He was a
pupil first of Titian and then of Paolo Veronese,
whose style he followed with some success. There
are several of his works in the churches at Venice ;
among them a ' Pieta ' in San Giuseppe. The
Aoademia has by him a portrait of a Venetian

MICHELIN, Jean, a French historical painter,
born at Langres in 1623. He died in Jersev in 1696.


MICHELINO, DoM. di. See Domenico.

MICHELIS, Alexander, landscape painter, was
bom at Miinster in 1823. He entered the Academy
at Diisseldorf in 1843, and studied landscape
painting under Schirmer. He died at Weimar in

MICHEUX, Michel Nicolas, a French flower
painter, bom in 1688. He was received in the
Academy in 1725, and died in 1733.

MICHU, BenoIt, a Flemish historical and por-
trait painter, born in 1610. He settled in Paris,
where he died in 1703. His son did some work in
the chapel of Versailles.

MICIEE, Pedeo, was an Italian, who flourished
as a painter at Saragossa in the 17th century, and
amassed a considerable fortune, which at his death
he bequeathed to the churches for which he had
painted. One Pablo Miciee, an amateur, who
lived at the same time at Saragossa, seems to have
been a distinct person. Pedro died in 1659.

MICOCARD. Papillon mentions a woodcut by
this artist, representing 'Diogenes,' after Parmi-
giano. It is probably a copy of the print in
' chiaroscuro ' by Ugo da Carpi.

MICON, a Greek painter and sculptor, flourished
about 460 B.C., and assisted Polygnotus. He

painted ' The Battle of the Amazons ' and a part
of 'The Battle of Marathon' in the Pcecile at
Athens. He also painted some pictures in the
Temple of Theseus, but we have no account of
their subjects. He was an excellent painter of
horses. His pictures were purchased by the
Athenians at large prices.

MICONE, Nicolas, called II. Zoppo, an obscure
landscape painter, born at Genoa in 1750. He
was a pupil of Javella, and died in 1830.

MIDDIMAN, Samuel, a distinguished English
engraver, was born in 1750. He was a pupil of
Byrne, and is said to have also studied under
Woollett and Bartolozzi. His forte was in land-
scape, of which he left many beautiful examples ;
two of the large prints for Boydell's Shakspeare,
' A Scene from the Winter's Tale,' and the melan-
choly ' Jaques,' may vie with the productions of
Woollett. He engraved several other plates for
the same work, and landscapes after Berohem,
Gainsborough, Barret, Zuccarelli, and Hearne. He
exhibited at the Free Society in 1781, at Spring
Gardens in 1773 and 1775, and at the Academy
in 1780 and some of the subsequent years up to
1797, producing for 1780 some stained drawings.
His etchings also were much admired ; in this
branch he worked for Pyne. His ' Select Views
in Great Britain' (1784-92) is a charming work,
and was very popular both in England and on the
continent; it was followed in 1807-11 by 'Pictur-
esque Views and Antiquities of Great Britain.'
Middiman died in London in 1831.

MIDDLETON, Charles, was an architectural
draughtsman and engraver. From 1766 to 1790
he was a member of the Incorporated Society of
Artists, and up to 1790 contributed to the Royal
Academy. He published several works, and made
many designs. He died about 1818.

MIDDLETON, J. J., an English draughtsman
and landscape painter of the 19th century. In
1812 he published ' Grecian Remains in Italy.'

MIDDLETON, John, landscape painter, was
born at Noi-wich in 1828. He received lessons in
painting from J. B. Crome, and also from Stannard.
From 1849 to 1855 he was a fairly constant ex-
hibitor at the Royal Academy, and also at the
British Institution. He painted illustrations of
the seasons, especially of early spring. ' A Study
in March, on the Norfolk Coast' may be mentioned
as a specimen of his style. His death occurred
in 1856.

MIDIAS, a Greek painter, executed the design
upon the vase found in Campania representing
the Rape of the daughters of Leucippus by the

MIEL, Jan, (Miele, or Mbel,) also called
Bicker, and by the Italians Giovanni dblla Vitb
and Jamielli, was a painter and etcher, born in the
castle of Ulaerdingen near Antwerp in 1599. He
was a scholar of Gerard Seghers, and on leaving
that master went to Rome, where he attached him-
self to Andrea Sacchi, and was shortly entrusted to
assist his master in some of his most considerable
works. Being, however, employed by Sacchi to
co-operate with him in a picture for the Palazzo
Barberini, representing a Procession of the Cavalry
of the Pope, Miel, whose disposition naturally led
him to the grotesque, introduced something which
was deemed inconsistent with the gravity of the
subject. This occasioned a sharp rebuke, and a
consequent separation. Stung with the reproach
of his mastei', and encouraged by the advice of his





friend Bernini, Miel determined to improve and
strengthen his powers by visiting Nortii Italy for
the purpose of studying the works of Correggio and
the Carracci ; and he passed some time at Parma and
Bologna. On his return to Rome he was employed
by Alexander VII. to paint a picture of ' Moses
striking the Rock,' for the gallery of Monte Cavallo.
He also painted for the churches of San Martino
de' Monti, the ' Baptism of St. Cyrillio ' ; and in
Santa Maria dell' Animi, some frescoes of the life
of St. Lamberti, and the ' Annunciation.' His best
performances, however, are his easel pictures, re-
presenting fairs, markets, huntings, festivals of the
Carnival, and similar subjects. Miel was made a
member of the Academy of St. Luke in 1648. He
was invited to the court of Turin by Charles
Emanuel, Duke of Savoy, who retained him in his
service for the remainder of his life, and conferred
on him the order of St. Maurice. Miel died at
Turin in 1664. Le Bas, Beaumont, and others have
engraved after him. Among his extant paintings
are the following :



Landscape— a Dead Ass.



Shepherd Playing.



The Violin Player ; and others.



The Beggar.


The Barber.


Military Halt.



Italian Peasants.





Preaching of St. John the Baptist.

St. Petersburg. Her-

1 The Charlatan.

Peasant Dance.



Italian Scene.


Mountain Landscape.

Jan Miel has etched several plates from his own
designs in a masterly style. He sometimes signed
with his name in full, and sometimes with a
monogram and date. We have the following by

The Holy Family.

The Assumption of the Virgin.

A set of Four Pastoral Subjects ; in one of them a

figure seated on a bank, picking a thorn from his foot.
Three Battle Pieces ; for the History of the Wars in

Flanders, by Flaminius Strada.


MIBREVELT, Miohibl Janszen, (Mirbveldt,
&c.,) was born at Delft in 1567. He was the son
of a goldsmith, who, perceiving his disposition for
drawing, placed him under the care of Jerome
Wierix, with the intention of his becoming an
engraver. When he was twelve years of age he
executed a plate of ' Christ and the Woman of
Samaria ' ; and soon afterwards another of ' Judith
with the H«ad of Holofernes.' These juvenile
performances attracted the attention of Anthonie
van Montfoort, called Blocklandt, who persuaded
him to apply himself to painting, and offered to
receive him into his school at Utrecht. This in-
duced him to quit the graver for the pencil, and for
some years he studied historical painting under
that master. His first productions on leaving the
school of Blocklandt were some altar-pieces for the
churches at Delft ; but having painted the portraits
of some of the princes of the house of Nassau, they
were so universally admired, that he afterwards
met with continual employment in that branch,
and as he lived to an advanced age, he is supposed
to have painted a greater number of portraits than
any other artist of his country. He is said, by




Berlin. Gallery.

Copenhagen. Gallery.

Delft.' Town Hall.

Dresden. Gallery.

Madrid. Gallery.

Paris. Louvre.

Rotterdam. Gallery.

Descamps, to have been invited to England by
Charles I., and to have declined the proposal on
account of the plague, which at that time raged
in London. Mierevelt entered the Guild of St.
Luke at the Hague in 1625, and died at Delft in

Amsterdam. Museum. Portrait of Prince Maurice.

„ „ „ Prince Frederic Henri.

Fredericb V., Prince

Palatine and King of


„ „ „ the wife of Admiral

„ „ „ Jacob Cats.

„ „ „ General Smeltzing.

„ „ „ "William the Silent.

„ „ „ Prince Philip William.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 39 of 201)