Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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„ „ „ John van Oldenbarne-

„ J. Uytenbogaert.
Portrait of WiUiam the Silent.
„ Louise de Colligry.
„ Prince Philip William .
„ Prince Maurice.
„ Prince Frederick Henry
— and four others.
Portrait of an old Woman.
Portraits of a Man and Woman.
Portrait of a young Lady.
Series of Pictures.
Several Portraits.
Portrait of a Woman.
A Female Portrait. (La Caze collec-
Portrait of Philip of Nassau.
Portraits of Prince Frederic Henri
and his Wife.
„ „ Portraits of William the Silent

and his Wife.
„ „ Portrait of Maurice of Nassau,

and others.

MIEREVELT, Jan, the son of Michiel Mierevelt,
also a portrait painter, died insane in 1633.

MIEREVELT, Pieter, the son and pupil of
Michiel J. Mierevelt, was born at Delft in 1595,
and practised portrait painting in the style of his
father. One of his most esteemed works is a large
picture in the Hall of the Surgeons at Delft, con-
taining the portraits of the principal members of
that society at the time ; other productions of his
are at Brunswick, Copenhagen, and Dresden. He
died young, at Delft, in 1632.

MIERIS, Frans van, was born at Delft in 1635.
He was one of twenty-three children of his father,
who was a lapidary. In early youth he was appren-
ticed to the glass painter, Abraham Torenvliet,
whose studio he soon abandoned for that of Gerard
Dou, who called him the prince of his pupils.
Later on he studied historical painting under
Abraham Tempel. He painted genre pictures, and
loved to represent silks and satins, plate and jewels.
He was painter to the Prince, and in every way
he enjoyed the unusual good fortune of being
thoroughly appreciated during his life. His best
pictures, on the rare occasions of their changing
hands, fetch enormous prices. He died at Leyden
in 1681. Among his pictures are :

Amsterdam, Museum. The Letter.

„ „ The Lute Player.

„ „ Jacob's Dream.

„ „ The lost Bird.

Berlin. Museum. Portrait of a Young Man.

„ „ A Young Woman before a Glass.

Copenhagen. Gallery. An OfScer.

„ „ A Dutch Peasant's Room.

„ „ Three Portraits.

Dresden. Gallery. The Magdalen.




Dresden. Gallery.





London. JSat. Gall.
„ Buchingham Fal.

Collection of the Earl

of Dudley.






St. Petersburg. Herm.



A Girl sitting at a Table.
A Lady playing the Lute.
An Old ■Woman placing a Pink in

a Flower-pot.
An Old Man.
A Soldier Smoldng.
A Young Lady with a Dog.
A Man in a Cuirass.
The Tinker.
A Man mending a Pen.
Portrait of Himself.
The Painter's Studio.
A Girl with a Parrot.
The Cloth Merchant.

Portrait of Himself.
Portrait of his Son Jan.
Portrait of Himself.
A Young Woman.
The old Lover.
An old Man and old Woman.
The Drinkers.
Portrait of Himself.
Portrait of Himself and his

Soap Bubbles.
Portrait of Florentius Sohuijl,

Professor of Medicine and

Botany at Leyden.
Portrait of Himself and his Wife.
A Lady in a Crimson Jacket.
Portrait of Himself and his Wife.

(Two versions.)
A Country Woman.
Soap Bubbles.
Le Chevalier Amoureux. (Pcr-

haps his master-jnece.)
Soap Bubbles.
Genre Scene.
A Soldier Smoking.
A Boy beating a Drum.
A Lady playing with her Dog.
The Sick Woman.
Portrait of Himself.
Portrait of a Woman.
The Painter talking to the Land-
lord of an Inn.
Interior of an Inn.
A Lady playing the Lute.
A Lady with a Parrot.
Interior of a Cottage.
A Lady at her Glass.
The Breakfast.

A Soldier Smoking and Drinking.
Portrait of a Man.
A Lady at her Toilet.
The Tea Party.
A Dutch Family.
An Interior.
An Oyster Breakfast.
A Peasant Woman with Eggs.
A Lady seated at a Table.
The Guitar Player.
A Lady Writing.
Portrait of Himself.
A Doctor feeling a Lady's


MIERIS, Fkans van, 'the younger,' the son of
■Willem van Mieris, was born at Leyden in 1689,
and was instructed by his father. He painted
portraits and conversation pieces, but was inferior
to his father in every respect, as becsime very
evident when he attempted to copy his works.
He died at Leyden in 1763. He has left an etching
of 'The Muse Erato,' and in the capacity of a
numismatist and historical writer he prepared and
furnished the medal-illustrations for a book on
the privileges of the Counts of Holland, &o., and
for some similar works.

MIERIS, Jan, the elder son of Erans Mieris the
elder, was born at Leyden in 1660, and received

his first instruction in art from his father. Despair-
ing of being able to equal him in the minuteness
and delicacy of his finishing, he devoted himself to
a different pursuit, and attempted historical paint-
ing and portraits as large as life. After the death
of his father he went to Italy, and on his arrival at
Rome applied himself to his studies with an assidu-
ity whicih proved fatal to him. He died in 1690.

MIERIS, Willem van, the younger son of Frans
Mieris the elder, was born at Leyden in 1662. He
studied under his father, whose style he adopted
so far as he could. At the age of nineteen, when
his father died, he was already an able artist. His
best pictures represent subjects taken from ordinary
life, such as confectioners' shops, women selling
game or vegetables, the interiors of apartments,
and conversations. In these, every minute object
is finished with painful care. The works of Gerard
de Laires-se had at that time excited universal
admiration ; and Mieris was encouraged by his
friend and patron, M. de la Court, to aim at a more
elevated style, and to paint landscapes with his-
torical or fabulous subjects. One of the best
attempts in the style thus forced upon him .is in
the collection of Sir R. Wallace. His pictures of
domestic subjects are to be found in the best
collections. In his last years he became blind.
He died at Leyden in 1747. The following list
includes most of his more important works :
Amsterdam. Museum. The Poulterer.

„ „ An Arcadian Landscape.

„ „ A Lady and Gentleman.

Antwerp. „ The Fishmonger.

Dresden. „ Musician and Girl.

The Game Dealer.

A Woman pouring out Wine for
a Man.

A Baker blowing a Trumpet.

Oephalus and Procris.

Venus asleep.

Bacchus and Ariadne.


Man looking at a Girl who brings
him Drink.

Preciosa recognized by her

Venus and Paris.

Apes in Human dress.

The Cook.

The Grocer's Wife.

The Poulterer's Shop.

Woman and Violinist.

An Oyster Feast.

A Classical subject.

Blowing Bubbles.

The Game Dealer.

The Cook.

A Spanish Soldier.
„ „ Female portrait.

„ „ An old Man offering money to a


Few large collections are without examples of this
painter. Mieris etched one plate, which is very
rare ; the subject is ' The fate of .alsculapius.'

MIEROP, Feans van Ctttck van, a Flemish
painter, was born in Bruges in 1640. He settled
in Ghent where he painted many historical pictures,
introducing portraits of the leading merchants of
the town. He particularly distinguished himself
by his pictures of animals, and of fish, many of
which are scarcely inferior to those of Snyders.

MIERS, B. H., a Dutch landscape painter, who
settled in London, where he died in 1793.

MIETSCH, Cheistian Gottlieb, painter and
etcher, was born at Dresden in 1742. In 1756 be
entered the Academy at Dresden, and studied under


Hague. „

London. N'at. Gallery.

„ Bridgewater Gall.

„ Buckingham Pal.

„ Hertford House.
Paris. Louvre.

Vienna. Belvedere.




Silvestre and Hutin, and in 1763 became a teacher
himself. Among his etchings are :

The Pool of Bethesda.

Christ healing the Sick.

Luna and Antheus.

The Sleeping Endymion.

He died in 1800.

MIGBR, Simon Charles, a French engraver, was
born in Paris in 1747. He was a pupil of Charles
Nicolas Cochin, the younger, and has engraved
several plates of historical subjects and portraits.
He was a member of the old ' Aoad^mie Itoyale.'
He died in 1805. The following are some of bis
best plates :


David Hume, ; after Cochin.
John Stanley, Musician ; after the same.
Count Matirice de Bruhl ; after the same.
Christopher Gluck ; after Duplessis.
Laurent Cars, Engraver ; after Perenneau.
Jean Jacques Rousseau ; after Le Moyne.
Frans Miens ; after a picture hy himself.


Hercules stranghng Antseus ; after Voiriot ; engraved
for his reception into the Academy in 1777.

The Maying of Marsyas ; after C. van Loo ; pendent to
the last.

Hercules and Omphale ; after Dumont.

The Bape of Europa ; after Halle.

A View of the Coast near Civita Vecchia ; after Fernet.

MIGLIARA, Giovanni, Cavaliere, was born at
Alessandria in 1785, and studied decoration and
perspective under Albertolli and Levati, and the-
atrical painting under Galeari at the Brera at
Milan. He painted a considerable number of
scenes for the theatre, pictures of genre, and
views of Milan Cathedral. He was painter to the
Sardinian Court and member of several academies.
He died at Milan in 1837. Works :

Munich. Gallery. Cloisters of San Maurizio, Milan.

,, „ Cloisters of Sant' Ambrogio,

Hamburg. Gallery. Church Interior.

MIGLIARA, Theodelinda, an Italian painter,
flourished at Milan at the beginning of the present
century. She painted city views, one of the best a
view of the Piazza del Duomo, at Como (Vienna).

MIGLIONICO, Andrea, according to Dominici,
was a native of Naples, and a pupil of Luca
Giordano. He painted historical subjects, and
there are several of his works in the churches of
his native city, the best, perhaps, a ' Descent of the
Holy Ghost,' in the SS. Nunziata. He died soon
after Luca Giordano (1706).

MI6LI0RI, Francesco, an historical painter,
bom at Venice in 1684. He died in 1734. In the
Dresden Gallery are the following pictures by him :

Joseph interpreting Dreams in Prison.

Bacchus and Ariadne.

Cain and Abel.


Boman Piety.

Lot and his Daughters.

The Sacrifice of Abraham.

MIGNARD, Nicolas, called Mignard d' Avignon,
was born at Troyes, in Champagne, in 1605 or
1608. He received his first instruction in art from
an obscure painter of his native city ; but he soon
afterwards went to Fontainebleau, where he had the
advantage of studying the works of Primaticcio,
Fr^minet, II Rosso, and others, and the antique
statues which had been collected by Francis I.


He afterwards visited Italy, and passed two years
at Rome, where he studied Albani and Anni-
bale Carracci. On his return to France he passed
some time at Avignon, where he married, and from
his long residence in that city was called ' Mignard
d'Avignon,' to distinguish him from his brother
Pierre Mignard, called ' Le Remain.' By the
recommendation of Cardinal Mazarin, he was in
1660 invited to the court of Louis XIV., and
employed in several works for the palace of the
Tuileries, among which were ' Apollo crowning the
Muses of Poetry, Painting, and Music'; 'Apollo
and Daphne ' ; and ' Mercury presenting a Lyre to
Apollo.' He was also much employed as a portrait
painter ; some of his best works in that genre have
been admirably engraved by Antoine Masson.
His own portrait is in the Museum at Lyons.
Mignard was a member of the Paris Academy. He
died in that city in 1668. Mignard etched eight
plates after Annibale and Agostino Carracci's works
in the Farnesina.

MIGNARD, Paul, portrait painter and engraver,
was a son of Nicolas Mignard. He was born at
Avignon in 1639, became a member of the Lyons
Academy, and died there in 1691.

MIGNARD, Pierre, a French historical and
portrait painter, born at Troyes in 1610. Intended
by bis father for the medical profession, he showed
so strong a predilection for art, that at the age of
twelve he was placed for a year with a painter
named Boucher, who enjoyed a considerable local
reputation at Bourges. He then spent two years
in study amongst the treasures of art which had
been collected at Fontainebleau. Returning to
Troyes, he began the practice of his profession by
painting some decorative works for the Marechal
de Vitry in the chapel of his chateau at Coubert-
en-Brie. The promise he showed in the execution
of this commission was such that the Marechal
sent him to Paris to complete his art education in
the studio of Vouet, the nursery of French art in
the 17th century. That the master had a high
opinion of Mignard' s future is shown by the fact
that he offered him his daughter in marriage.
But the pupil's desires were centred on Italy, and
in 1635 he set out for Rome. Here he renewed
' acquaintance with his fellow-student Du Fresnoy,
and the two painters henceforth became inseparable,
living and studying together on terms of the closest
friendship. Twenty-two years of Mignard's life
were spent in Italy : chiefly in Rome, whence he
acquired the cognomen of 'Le Remain,' to
distinguish him from his elder brother, Nicolas
Mignard, d'Avignon. During this Italian sojourn
he diligently studied the antique, and gradually
obtained a great reputation. His practice as a
portrait painter was very large : three successive
popes, Urban VIII., Innocent X., and Alexander
VII., sat to him. In 1653 his friend Du Fresnoy
left him to return to France. Taking a circuitous
route, he was joined at Venice by Mignard, who
embraced the opportunity to make a lengthened
tour through some of the chief c'^ties of Italy.
After this excursion he again settled down in
Rome, and in 1656 married the daughter of an
architect. At this period he produced many
pictures of the Virgin and Child, in which he
reproduced the features of his wife, whence
such Madonnas were called "Mignardes." His
reputation had now spread so widely that in
1667 he received a royal command to return to
France. On his journey he was struck down by




a dangerous illness, which necessitated a sojourn
of some months with his brother at Avignon, where
he formed an intimacy with Molifere. Arrived in
Paris, he settled down again with his old friend
Du Eresnoy, and obtained a large practice as a
portrait painter. He was patronized by royalty,
and was especially regarded as the painter of the
court beauties. But he aimed at higher things than
portraiture, and undertook various decorative works.
The chief of these were the great frescoes repre-
senting Paradise in the dome of the Val-de-GrS,ce,
which he painted for Anne of Austria, and some
works at the palaces of St. Cloud and Versailles.
On the completion of the Val-de-Grfice commission,
he felt his status sufBciently assured to send to
Italy for his wife and children to rejoin him. For
many 3'ears a keen rivalry existed between him
and Le Brun. So great was the jealousy, that
Mignard declined to become a member of the
Academy, as he would have had to occupy an
inferior position to his rival. He joined the
Academic de St. Luc, of which he became the head,
and thence led the opposing faction. The death
of Colbert, and the accession of Louvois to power,
at length enabled Mignard to outstrip his rival ;
and after Le Brun's death he was received into
the Academy, all the honours of that body being
conferred on him at a single sitting. He had now
no competitor to fear, and during the remaining
years of his life his supremacy in French art was
unquestioned. The last great work on which he
was engaged was a design for the decoration of
the dome of the Invalides, but he did not hve to
carry it out. He continued painting till the year
of his death, which took place in Paris in 1696.
There are many specimens of Mignard's art in the
French provincial galleries. The following is a
list of his works in some of the chief public
collections of Europe : O.J.D.

Berlin, Gallery. Portrait of Marie Mancini.

Florence. Uffizi. Portrait of Mad. de Sevign^.

„ „ Comtesse de Grignon.

London. ^^<=T<^^J^ | Portrait of Louis XIV.

" f^tGaliZ:}^^"^^^^^' I^^ol'^^' of Orleans.

„ „ Louise de Qu^ronaille, Duchess of

Portsmouth. (1682. )

„ Hampton Court, Massacre of the Innocents.

„ Windsor Castle. Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans.

Madrid. Museum. St. John in the Desert.

„ „ Portrait of a French Prince.

Mayenoe. Gallery. Poetry, History, and Painting.

,, „ The God of Time.

Paris. Lmvre. The' Way to Calvary. (1684.)

„ „ Virgin with Grapes.

„ „ Ecce Homo.

„ „ ' Mater Dolorosa.'

„ „ St. Cecilia. (1691.)

„ Faith. (1692.)

„ „ Hope. (1692.)

„ „ Neptuneofferingrichesto France.

„ „ St. Luke painting the Virgin.

Bome. JPal. Conserv,
St. Petersburg. Jler-




Portrait of Himself, &c.
Holy Family.

' [ Eeturn of Jephtha.

Magnanimity of Alexander the

Great. (1680.)
Death of Cleopatra.
Portrait of his Daughter.
Portrait of Louis XIV.
„ Portrait of the Dauphin.

Gallery. Portrait of his Daughter.
„ Seven other Portraits.

Belvedere. St. Anthony.

Vienna. Liechtenstein t „ , „

Ga^Z.jHoly Family.

„ Archduke Al- 1 j,_^ . .. ,,.,.-
irecht's Galle7-y.i^°'^^'^^''^ °^ Mohere.

)> „ Three Angels.

MIGNARD, PiEEBE, 'the younger,' was the son
of Nicolas. He treated historical subjects, and
was painter to Maria Theresa of Austria, knight of
the Order of Christ, and member of the Academy
of Architecture. He died at Avignon at the age of
thirty-five years.

MIGNERET, Adrian, an engraver, born in Paris
in 1786. He was a pupil of Langlois, and in 1817
received a gold medal for an engraving of VafHard a
dying Moliere. Among his engravings are also :

Portrait of Moliere ; after Mignard.
Peter the Great ; after Steuben.
Young Woman ; after Metzu.
Portrait of Cardinal Fleury.

MIGNON, Abraham, (or Minjon,) was born at
Frankfort in 1639. He was the son of a merchant,
who designed him for his own profession, but in
view of his inclination for art, placed him under the
tuition of Jacob Marel, a painter of still-life, with
whom be continued till he was seventeen years of
age. Marel carried on a considerable commerce
in works of art, and his business leading him to
Holland, he was accompanied by his pupil, whom
he recommended to the care of Jan Davidsz de
Heem, at Utrecht. Mignon soon became popular,
and with the greatest industry scarcely managed
to keep pace with the demand for his works. He
died at Wedzlar in 1697. He was the instructor
of Maria Sibylla Merian, whose mother, the widow
of Matthaiis Merian, he had married.

Frankfort. A dead Cock hung up by the Feet.

Paris. Louvre. A Bouquet of Wild Flowers.

„ „ Flowers and Fruit.

Vienna. Liechtenstein \ -p,, ■j.

Other works by him are to- be met with at
Amsterdam, Carlsruhe, Cassel, Dresden, Munich,
Paris, St. Petersburg, and Stockholm.

MIGNON, Jean, is mentioned by Strutt as the
author of a coarse etching, representing ' Abra-
ham purchasing the Cave of Machpelah from the
Children of Heth.' It is inscribed, lo Mignon fee.
He is said to have been working at Fontainebleau
in 1530.

MIGNON, Gaspard, a French painter of the 17th
century, of whose life no details are known.

MIGNOT, Daniel, probably a Frenchman, was
a designer, engraver, and goldsmith. He worked
at Augsburg about 1590, and has left 150 excellent
and very rare plates from goldsmith's work.

MIGNOT, Jennin, an obscure painter of Bruges,
who was active in that city in 1468.

MIGNOT, Louis Ebmy, was a creole. He was
born in 1831 in South Carolina, and passed most of
his life in New York and London. He painted
tropical landscapes, and in 1859 was elected a
member of the American Nat. Academy. He died
at Brighton in 1871.

MIGUEL EI. Flamengo. See Ambeees.

MIHES, Julie, painter and lithographer, was
born at Breslau in 1786, and studied at Vienna.
Here she was married in 1823 to the custos Pri-
misser, but was left a widow in 1827, and betook
herself to a nunnery. She died in 1855. She
was clever in reproducing the characteristics of
the old masters, as in copies of a ' Christ,' by
Bellini, and a ' Madonna,' after Annibale Carracci





(both at Dresden). She lithographed ' The Ador-
ation of the Holy Trinity,' after Albrecht Diirer.

MIJ. See Van der Mij.

MIJIN, Henei Arnauld, (Myin,) was born at
Antwerp in 1760, and instructed by B. P. Omme-
ganck, whose manner he followed both in his land-
scapes and animals. He married Ommeganck's
sister, and died in 1826.

MIJN. See Van dee Mijn.


MIJETILL. See Glauber, J. G.

MIJTBNS, Martin van. See Mbytens.

MIKCKER, Jan, a landscape painter, lived in
the early part of the 17th century, and is said to
have been one of the masters of J. B. Weenix. He
painted well-wooded landscapes ornamented with
buildings, in a low tone of colour.

MILANESE, Cesare. See Sesto.

MILANESE, Felice, who was probably a painter,
has left a small upright etching, representing the
' Virgin and Infant seated on a pedestal, with a
Bishop and several Children before her,'

MILANESE, IL. See Cittadini.

MILANI, AuRELiANO, the nephew of Giulio
Cesare Milani, was born at Bologna in 1675, and
was a scholar of Cesare Gennari, and afterwards of
Lorenzo Pasinelli. He did not, however, attach
himself to their manner, but devoted himself to an
attentive study of the style of the Carracci. His
principal works at Bologna are, his ' San Girolamo,'
in Santa Maria della Vita; 'The Stoning of
Stephen,' in Santa Maria Masoarella ; and ' The
Resurrection,' in La Purita. He died in 1749.

MILANI, GjuLio Cesare, was born at Bologna
in 1621, and was a disciple of Flaminio Torre, of
whose style he was a successful follower. Of his
works in the churches at Bologna the best are, a
' Marriage of the Virgin,' in San Giuseppe ; a ' S.
Antonio di Padova,' in the church of Santa Maria
del Costello ; and a ' Holy Family with St. John,'
at the Servi. He died in 1678.

MILANI, Giuseppe Maria, was bom at Pisa in
1678, and was a scholar of Camillo Gabrielli.
Following the example of his instructor, he imi-
tated the style of Pietro da Cortona and Ciro Ferri.
He afterwards applied himself with great assiduity
to the study of architecture, and excelled in mag-
nificent buildings, which he embellished with well-
drawn figures. Several of his frescoes are in
the churches at Pisa.

MILANO, Beamante da, is the name given to
an artist stated to have been born at Milan towards
the end of the 14th century. His very existence
has been denied by some, but those who have
accepted it assert that he was a painter and archi-
tect at the above town, and that he executed a
'Pietk,' in the church of Sant' Angelo there in
1418, and afterwards a ' Martyrdom of St. Sebas-
tian,' and two large frescoes in other Milanese
churches. His latest work was that of ' Christ in
the Tomb,' over the door of San Sepoloro, which
Philip II. had copied for the Escorial. His death
is said to have occurred about 1470.

MILANO, Giovanni da, properly Giov. Jacobi,
was a Milanese painter of the 14th century, born
in Milan about 1300. He learnt his art in Florence,
in the studio of Taddeo Gaddi, but died at Milan at
a good old age. Among his works we may name :

Florence. Uffizi. An altar-piece in ten compait-

ments {formerly in the church
of the Oynissanti).

Florence. Academy. PietA. (Formerly in S. Girolamo

sulla Costa.)
„ S. Croce. Scenes from the lives of the

Virgin and of the Saviour.
(.In the Rinuccini Chapel;
formerly ascribed to T. Gaddi.)
Prato. Com. Gallery. An altar-piece in five compart-
ments [signed ego Johannes



MILANO, MiCHBLiNO da, lived in the 16th
century. Count Giorgio Giulini in his ' Memorie '
states of him, that he was famous as a painter of
animals. He decorated the court and other parts
of the Casa Borromeo, Milan; but unfortunately
his frescoes have been nearly all whitewashed
over. The Casa Vendramin at Venice formerly
possessed a book with coloured sketches of animals
by Michelino.

MILATZ, F. A., a Dutch painter, bom at Haar-
lem in 1763. He painted landscapes and executed
some engravings. He was also a physician, and
died in 1808.

MILBOURN, John, an English portrait painter,
in the latter part of the 18th century. He was a
pupil of F. Cotes, and was awarded a premium by
the Society of Arts in 1764. Some of his works
were exhibited at the Academy in 1773-4. T.
Gaugain engraved after him.

MILDE, Karl Fribdrich August, a painter born

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 40 of 201)