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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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at Gorlitz in 1788. He worked at Dresden, made
copies of famous pictures, and painted portraits.

MILDE, Karl Julius, a German painter, was
bom at Hamburg in 1803. He painted ornamental
pieces, historical subjects, landscape, and sea pieces.
He lived at Lubeck, where he died in 1875.

MILDORFER, Michael Ignaz, was a painter of
Innsbruck, who flourished in the first part of the
18th century, and painted sacred subjects. His
son, Joseph Ignaz, studied at Vienna under Paul
Troger, and in 1742 gained a first prize for
painting. In 1751 he was painter to the Duchess
Emanuela of Savoy. His daughter, Maria Eliza-
beth, born in 1713, was a miniature painter of some
repute. She lived some time at Rome, but after-
wards returned to Innsbruck. She became blind,
and died in 1792.

MIL6. See Millet.

MILfi, N., a portrait painter, who flourished in
Brabant in the 17th century. He was a pupil of
K. E. Biset.

MILES, Edward, an English miniature painter,
bom at Yarmouth about the middle of the 18th
century. He practised in London, becoming minia-
ture painter to Queen Charlotte and the Duchess of
York, and exhibited at the Academy from 1786 to
1797. He died at Yarmouth early in the present

MILLAN, Sebastian, a Spanish portrait and
genre painter, was born at Seville towards the
middle of the 17th century. He was a pupil of
Escobar. He died very old in 1731.

MILLS, Jan Baptist, was a Flemish painter of
the 18th century. He was a pupil of Van Helmont,
and was received into the Academy of St. Luke at
Brussels about 1718. He painted figures in the
landscapes of Coppens.

MILLER, Andrew, an engraver, is believed to
have been of Scotch descent, but was born in
London, and lived in Dublin from about 1740
till his death some ten years later. He studied
under Faber. He engraved the designs of Frank




Hayman, and like him wa8 given to drink, through
•which his life was materially shortened. His
best known works were portraits in mezzotint,
which are by no means destitute of merit. Among
others, we have the following :

Dean Swift ; after F. Bindon. 1743.

Eobert Boyle, philosopher.

Charles Lueas, M.D., of Dublin.

Eobert Josleyn, Lord Newport, Chancellor of Irelstnd.

Josiah Hort, Arohbishcp of Tuam.

Eaten Stannard, Eecorder of Dublin.

Joseph Baudin, Painter.

Joseph Miller, Actor, in the character of ' Teague.'

John Harper, in the character of ' Jobson.'

Snowdon, in the character of ' Oaled,' in the ' Siege of

Turbntt, in the character of ' Sosia,' in ' Amphytrion.'

MILLER, James, an English landscape painter
of the early water-colour school, who exhibited at
the Academy from 1773 to 1775. At the South
Kensington Museum there are by him :

Entrance to Greenwich Park.

View in St. James's Park.

MILLER, John, an English engraver, flourished
about the year 1760. We have a variety of prints
by him, chiefly portraits, among many others
the following :

King George III. ; ad vivum.

Queen Charlotte ; the same.

Jeffery, Lord Amherst.

George Bridges, Lord Rodney.
' Charles Townsend, Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Thomas Gray.

Charles Churchill.

Sir John Vanbrugh.

John Wilkes, M.P.

MILLER, John, an English flower painter and
engraver, born in London about 1750. He was
awarded a Society of Arts' premium in 1766.
Between 1770 and 1789 he illustrated and pub-
lished two books on the system of Linnteus, the
'Illustratio systematis sexualis Linnsei (1770-7),'
and the ' Illustratio terminorum Linnsei (1789).'

MILLER, John Sebastian. See Mulleb.

MILLER, William, engraver, was born at
Edinburgh, 28th May, 1796. His father, who
belonged to an old Scottish family, sent him to
London to study engraving under George Cooke.
After some years in London he returned to the
family home, Millerfield, near Edinburgh, and
settled down to the practice of his art. The great
bulk of his work is after Turner. Euskin speaks
of him as the best of Turner's engravers. In the
last half of his life he travelled a good deal, and
also practised painting in water-colour. He was an
honorary member of the Royal Scottish Academy,
and occasionally sent water-colour drawings to its
exhibition. Miller was a member of the ' Society
of Friends ; ' he wa_s twice married ; he lived at his
home of Millerfield for about eighty years, and
died there on the 20th of January, 1882. The
following list includes all his best work :

The Grand Canal, Venice ; I The Rhine at Felzen ; after
after Turner. I the same.


Carew Castle.



Durham Cathedral,

IN EOGEES'S poems:
Llewellyn's Hall. I Loch Lomond.

The Eialto. I

Windsor Castle.


Dumbarton Castle.




Norham Castle.

New Abbey (near Dumfries) ,

Hotel de Ville, Paris.






Craigmillar Castle.




St. Cloud.
The Simplon.
Pere la Chaise.
Field of Waterioo.
Chiefswood Cottage.
Rhymer's Glen.
Edinburgh, from St. An-
thony's Chapel.
Fort Augustus.

Dryburgh. Loch Achray.

Melrose. Skiddaw.

Loch Katrine. Berwick-on-Tweed.



Chateau de Nantes.

Rouen (looking down the
PontNeuf. Seine).

Meudon (?)



Tower of London ; after

The Shepherd; after the

after H.

Loch an Eilan ;

Illustrations to Hood's

Poems ; after Birket


MILLER, William, an English portrait and
historical painter, born about 1740. He was em-
ployed on the Shakespeare Gallery for Alderman
Boydell, whose portrait he painted. His works
were exhibited at the Academy from 1790 to 1803.
He died about 1810.

MILLET, Pranqois, (orMlLi,) sometimes known
as Feancisqtje. The family of this artist was
originally French, though he was born at Antwerp
in 1644. His father was a turner of ivory, born at
Dijon, and accompanied the Prince de Cond6, to
whom he was attached, into the Netherlands, at the
time of the revolt, and settled at Antwerp. Having
shown an early inclination for art, the young Millet
was placed as a pupil of Laurent Franck. His father
dying when he was still young, he had no other
resource than the exercise of his talents ; and when
he was eighteen years of age, he had acquired
sufficient reputation to induce his master to give
him his daughter in marriage. He soon afterwards
went to Paris, where he painted history and
heroic landscapes, vdth figures representing some
historical or fabulous subject. He is stated by M.
d'Argenville to have visited Holland and England,
in both of which countries he left proofs of his
ability. On his return to Paris he was received into
the Academy, and his works were held in high
estimation. Millet died in 1680. His sons Henri
and Jean FRANgois were also painters. The latter
died in 1723. Among Millet's works are :

Bordeaux. Gallery. Landscape Ruins.

Brussels. „ Best of the Holy Family during

„ the Flight to Egypt.

Dresden. „ Landscapes.

Munich. „ Landscapes.

„ „ Sea Views.

Petersburg. „ View of a Harbour.

We have a few etchings by this artist ;
them, the following :





A Landscape, with Egyptian Euins, with the subject of

Moses saved from the waters of the Nile: Francisque

Another Landscape, with the History of Cephalus and

A Mountainous Landscape, with Bgures, and a town in

the middl6.
Les deux Amants.
Le Voyageur.
Ville antique.

MILLET, FRi:Di;Eic, a French miniature painter,
born at Charlieu (Loire) in 1786." His art instruc-
tion was due to F. Aubry, Pernot, and leabey. He
first exhibited at the Salon in 1806, and received
medals in 1817, 1824, and 1827. His practice was
very extensive : almost all the eminent personages
of the time were his sitters. He died in Paris in
1859. His son Ami was also an artist.

MILLET, Jean Franqois, a French painter of
landscape and peasant life, born at Gruchy, near
Cherbourg, in 1814. His parents were Norman
peasants, who industriously cultivated a small
farm. Amid these rustic surroundings he received
a simple yet sound education from his grand-
mother and his great-uncle, a priest without cure
of souls, who both lived under the family roof. A
taste for art early developed itself in him, and his
first systematic instruction was received from
Langlois at Cherbourg, where he was sent in 1834.
His progress was such that he was granted a small
pension by the Municipal Council to enable him to
pursue his studies in Paris. Thither he went in
1837, and entered the studio of Delaroche, where
Diaz, Rousseau, and Corot were among his
fellow-pupils. During the period of student life
he frequently suffered great privations through
the slenderness of his resources. His first appear-
ance at the Salon was in 1840, when he exhibited
a portrait. In the same year he returned to his
native country, and for some time earned a living
by painting sign-boards at Cherbourg. While
thus engaged he met his first wife, whom he
married in 1841. He went back to Paris in the
next year to renew his struggles, which were
increased by the ill-health of Ids wife, who died
after a short married life of three years. Return-
ing once more to Normandy, he entered the married
state again, and his second wife proved a devoted
companion. The newly-married couple spent
some time at Havre, where he earned a scanty
subsistence by painting portraits, small genre
pictures, &c. He sought Paris again in December
1845, and during the next few years his struggle
for existence was very arduous : he and his family
being frequently in need of the barest necessities
of life. This was an important period in the
development of his art. Still under the influence
of the Delaroche studio, he wavered for some time
between historical and landscape painting. The
appearance of his ' Winnower ' in 1848 and of ' The
Sower ' in the following year showed his true
vocation, and henceforth he adhered strictly to
subjects taken from peasant life. In 1849 he
removed from Paris to Barbizon, a village in the
beautiful Fontainebleau country with which his
name became inseparably connected. He settled
in a peasant's cottage of three rooms, which he
gradually enlarged to meet the requirements of his
growing family. Here, in the midst of the scenery
and peasant life so dear to him, he found no lack
of congenial subjects. His oircumstancesfor many
years still continued straitened. His pictures only
brought small prices, and were but httle appreci-

ated, save by a few. Although he was awarded
medals at the Salons of 1863 and 1864, it was not
until 1867 that his means began to improve. In
that year he was awarded a first class medal at the
Paris Universal Exhibition, and he also received the
unasked-for distinction of the Legion of Honour.
During the remainder of his career he felt less of
the carking cares of poverty, but he continued his
same simple rustic life at Barbizon, where he died
on the 20th January, 1876. Since his death his
works have fetched enormous prices, but his widow
and family were left comparatively poor, and were
granted a pension of 1200 francs by the State. The
following is a list of some of his works : O.J.D.

The Angelus. {M. Lecretan, Paris.)

The Sower. 1849.

Moses. {Chertoury Museum.)

Peasant grafting a Tree. 1855.

Woman pasturing a Cow. (Bourg Museum.)

A Park with Sheep : Moonlight.

The Gleaners. 1837.

The Potato-Harvest. 1863.

Death and the Woodcutter.

Woman shearing Sheep. 1861.

Planting Potatoes.

The Church at Greville. (Paris, Zuxemimirg.)

Women Bathing. (Paris, Luxembourg.)

The abandoned Plough.

Shepherdess and Flock. 1864.

Man with a Hoe. 1863.

Offering to Pan. (Montpellier Museum.)

Gathering Beans.

Woman pasturing Geese. 1867.

November. 1870.

A Mother. 1861. (Marseilles Museum.)

The Woodcutters. (G. lonides, Esq.)

Robert, a French landscape painter, born in Paris
in 1764; He studied under Huetand Valenciennes,
and devoted himself to " historic ' ' landscape. Ex-
cursions to the south of France, Switzerland, Italy,
and Spain furnished subjects for his brush. The
Pyrenees had an especial attraction for him, and he
spent nearly seven years amidst their rugged
scenery. In some of his pictures the figures were
introduced by a Flemish painter named De Masne.
He died in 1843.

MILL1N6T0N, James Heath, a subject and
miniature painter, born at Cork early in the 19th
century. He entered in 1826 the schools of the
Academy, where in his later years he became
Curator of the Painting School. He exhibited up
to 1870, and died in 1873.


MILLOT, E., a French portrait painter, pupil of
Largilliere, who died in 1756. He was a member
of the old academy of St. Luke, Paris.

MILLS, Alfred, an English wood engraver,
born in 1776. He was employed on the illustra-
tions for children's books, such as 'Pictures of
Grecian History' (1812). He died at Walworth
in 1833.

MILN, Robert, engraved some plates of Scottish
antiquities for a book published at Edinburgh
in 1710, entitled ' Miscellanea qusedam Eruditaa

MILOCCO, Antonio, an Italian painter of the
18th century. He was a native of Turin, and
painted historical subjects.

MILON, Alexis Pierre, a French painter of
landscapes and interiors, was born at Rouen in
1784. He was a pupil of David and Bertin.
Among his better works we may name a view of
the ' Belfry and Markets of Lillebonne,' and one
of the ' Val de GrSce, Paris.'




MILOT, an engraver mentioned by Strutt, who
resided at Antwerp about 1620, and is said to have
worked for the booksellers only.

MILTON, John, an English landscape and
marine painter in the latter part of the 18th
century. _ He exhibited from 1769 to 1771 at the
Free Society of Artists. His known works are :

A Strong Gale.

The English Setter.

Six Dockyard Views.

MILTON, Thomas, an English landscape en-
graver, born about 1743. He had a good practice
in London, and subsequently in Dublin, and was a
governor of the Society' of Engravers. His grand-
father was brother to the poet Milton. He died
at Bristol in 1827, Specimens of his work are to
be found in :

' Views of Seats in Ireland.' 1783.
Mayer's ' Views in Egypt.' 1801.

MILTON, William, an engraver who practised
in London, and was chiefly employed by the
booksellers. He died in 1790 at Lambeth.

MILVIUS. See Kytb.

MILWITZ, Bartolomaus, a native of Dantzig,
who painted interiors, &c. The Katharinen Kirche
of Dantzic possesses an ' Entry of Christ into Jeru-
salem ' by him, signed B. M. W. It is Dutch in
style. Milwitz died in 1655.

MIMAULT, a French historical and portrait
painter, bom at Aix. He was a pupil of Aloysius
Finsonius. In the church of the Magdalen at Aix
is a picture of the ' Baptism of Christ,' signed by
him and dated 1625.

MlffANA, Fray Josef, of the Order of the
Trinity, was born at Valencia in 1671, and success-
fully cultivated both art and literature. He studied
painting at Naples, and executed for his convent,
at Murviedro, two pictures for the high altar com-
mended by Cean Bermudez. Besides several letters
and papers on Valencian antiquities, he wrote a
Latin continuation of Mariana's 'History of Spain.'
In 1704 he obtained the chair of rhetoric at Valencia
University, and died in the monastery of Our Lady
of Succour in 1730.

MINARDI, ToMMASO, painter and designer, was
born at Faenza in 1787. He was a member of the
Academy of St. Luke at Rome, and was the head
of the so-called Purists, who hoped to restore the
simplicity of the old masters. He made drawings
of the 'Last Judgment,' after Michelangelo, "and
of the ' Laocoon.' He also worked much at restora-
tion in the churches of his native town. He died
at Rome in 1871.

MINAYA. See Velazquez Minata.

MINAZZI, Jacques, a designer of the English
school, who died in 1865.

MIND, GoDFRiED, a Swiss painter, was born at
Berne in 1768. He was" a pupil of Preudenberger.
He painted chiefly in water-colours, and his sub-
jects were mostly oats, for which he had an extra-
ordinary affection. His body was diseased, his
character eccentric, and his conduct not that of a
good citizen, but his talent as an artist was con-
siderable. He died in 1814.

MINDERHOUT, Hendrik van, a painter and
etcher, was born at Rotterdam in 1632. At an
early period of his life he removed to Bruges,
where he married in 1664, and where he was re-
ceived into the Society of Painters in 1663, and
where there are several of his pictures in the
public edifices and in private collections. In 1672
he settled at Antwerp, where he entered the Guild,

and in 1696 he died. The works of this master
generally represent marines and seaports, fre-
quently those of Antwerp and Bruges. They are
usually of a large size, but very unequal in
execu,tion, and towards the latter part of his life
they seem to have been painted with negligence
and haste. His best works are, however, to be
found in the principal collections in Flanders,
The Museums of Antwerp and Christiania each
possess a ' Harbour of the Levant ' by him

MINDERHOUT, Willbm August van, son of
Hendrik van Minderhout, was born at Antwerp in
1680. As his father died when he Was sixteen,
he set out on his travels, and finally settled in
Moravia, where he died in 1752.

MINDERICK, Jan van, a painter of the Flemish
school, was born at Santen in the first quarter of
the sixteenth century. He was made a citizen of
Antwerp in 1553.

MINERDORPF, P. In the Lille Museum there is
a ' Death of Peter Martyr ' signed with this name
and dated 1629.

MINGA, Andrea del, an historical and portrait
painter, who lived at Florence. He was a pupil
of Eidolfo Ghirlandaio, and died after 1568. The
Pitti collection contains a ' Creation of Eve ' and
an ' Adam and Eve driven out of Paradise' by him,
both from designs by Baccio Bandinelli.

MINGACGINO. See Santi, Dom.

MINGOT, Tbodosio, was a native of Catalonia,
born in 1551, and was a disciple of Gaspar
Becerra. He is erroneously stated by Palomino
to have studied at Rome under Michelangelo, who
died when he was only thirteen years of age. He
is believed, however, to have visited Italy. He
was employed by Philip II. in the palace of the
Pardo, where his principal works perished in the
conflagration by which that edifice was destroyed.
He died in 1590.

MINGUET, Andreas, a still-life painter of the
Flemish school, was born in 1818. He was a
pupil of G. Wappers. He died in 1860.

MINGUET, Pablo, was a Spanish engraver who
furnished the title-page and other plates to Rod-
riguez's work on Polygraphy (Madrid, 1737).

MINI, Antonio, was an historical and portrait
painter of the 16th century, who resided at
Florence. He was a pupil of Michelangelo, but had
little talent. He went to France, where he died.

MINIATI, Babtolommeo, a native of Florence,
who flourished in the 16th century. He painted
portraits and historical subjects, and assisted Rosso
in his works at Fontainebleau.

MINIERA, BlAGlO, an historical painter, was
born at Ascoli in 1697. He was a pupil of Maratti,
and died in 1755.

MINNE, Jan Baptist, was born at Waoken
in West Flanders in 1734. He was a pupil of
Gerraerts, but finished his studies in Paris. Ho
painted historical subjects. In 1764 he received a
prize at the Antwerp Academy. He died in 1817,

MINNBBROER, Frans. See Crabbe.

MINNITL See Minuti.

MINO DA TURRITA, called Prate Ming, was
a famous painter of mosaics in 1225, and was
called Turrita from his birthplace, near Siena.
He worked in Florence, Rome, and Pisa, His
mosaic in S. Andrea, Florence, is inscribed :
Viginte quinque Christi cum mille ducentis.

MINORBLLO, Franoesco, an Italian historical
painter, was born at Este in 1624, He was a
pupil of Luoa Ferrari, and died in 1657,
^ 157




MINOZZI, Bernardino, an Italian landscape
painter, was born at Bologna in 1699. He was a
pupil of Perrajuolo and Cavazzoni. He had a son,
Inkocenzio, a painter, who died in 1817. Bernar-
dino died in 1769.

MINTROP, Theodor, a German historical painter,
born at Barkenhofen, near Verden, on the Ruhr,
in 1814. Being drawn for the army he visited
Miinster and Cologne, where for the first time his
real bent was betrayed by the effect worked upon
him by the works of art in those cities. By the
help of E. Geselechap, he entered the Dusseldorf
Academy and studied under Sohn. The subjects
he treated were chiefly of a religious and monu-
mental class, but in Cologne he carried out several
decorative works in private houses. Unfortunately
his early life in the country had unfitted him for
the sedentary habits of a painter, and both his art
and his health suffered in consequence. He died in
1870. Among his better works we may name :
Diisseldorf . Gallery. Virgin and Child, and St. John .
Verden. Church. A Holy Conversation.

Christ and St. John with Angels.

The Murder of The Innocents.

The Sermon on The Mount.

MINUCCIO, a history and portrait painter,
called sometimes Ming, Ser Ming di Simgne, and
Maestro Ming. He executed a fresco in the Justice
Hall of Siena in 1287, representing the 'Virgin
and Child on a throne, surrounded by Angels,' with
a dais held up by the apostles. It is very good
work for its time.

MINUTI, Mario, an Italian historical painter,
born at Syracuse in 1577. He was a pupil of
Caravaggio, with whom he worked at Rome. He
lived chiefly at Messina, and died in 1640.

MINZOCCHI, Francesco, called II Vecohig di
San Bernardo, was born at Forli about 1513. He
formed his first manner by studying the works of
Marco Palmezzano, whose stiffness and formality
are visible in his first productions, particularly in
his picture of the ' Crucifixion,' at the Osservanti.
He afterwards took Girolamo Genga and Pordenone
for his models. Among his best works are the
' Sacrifice of Melchizedek ' and the ' Miracle of the
Manna,' in a chapel at Loretto ; a fresco in the
church of Santa Maria della Grata, at Forli, is too
vulgar in conception to be pleasing. Minzocchi
died in 1574. He left two sons, Pietro Paolg and
Sebastiang, who painted history, but were far in-
ferior to their father.

MIO, Giovanni de, called Fratina, was an his-
torical painter of Vicenza, who flourished in 1556.

MIOEN, B., a Dutch historical painter, born at
Cortemarok in East Flanders. He died in 1851.
His two best pictures are :

St. I'ran9ois Xavier. {Roulers.)

Sacred Heart. (Lichtermlde.)

MIOZZI, NiooGLG, an Italian historical painter,
who flourished in 1670. He was a pupil of
Carpioni, A Marc- Antonio Miozzi was working
at the same time as Niocolo.

MIRADORI, Luigi, was a native of Genoa,
whence he has been called II Genovesing, and
flourished from the year 1639 till 1647. After
learning the first principles of art in his native city,
he went to Cremona about the beginning of the
17th century, where he studied after the works of
Panfilo Nuvolone. He afterwards adopted a style
which bears some resemblance to that of the
Carracci. His works are highly esteemed through-
out Lombardy, particularly at Cremona, where he


chiefly resided. He frequently made choice of,
and was the most successful in, the most terrific
subjects he could select. Among his most esteemed
works are :

Cremona. S. Clemente. St. John Damascenus.
Milan. Casa Borry. Punishment of Conspirators.
Piacenza. Mereh. Guild. Pieta.

MIRANDA, Carrbng. See Carreno de Miranda.

MIRANDA, Juan Garcia. See Garcia Miranda.

MIRANDA, Pbdrg Rodrigbuz and Francisco.
See RoDRieuEZ Miranda.

MIRANDOLESE, II. See Paltrgnieri.

MIRBEL, LiziNSKA AimjSb Zoe, was a French
miniature painter, born at Cherbourg in 1796,
whose maiden name was Rue. Louis XVIII. ap-
pointed her miniature painter to his court. She
died in 1849.

MIRE. See Lemire.

MIRETI (or MIEETTO), Girolamg, was a por-
trait and historical painter of Padua, who flourished
in the 15th century.

MIRETTO, Giovanni, is the reputed author of
some frescoes in the Sala della Ragione, at Padua,
representing the months and planets, treated
allegorically, the apostles, and other personages,
mythical and real — making in all nearly 400

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 41 of 201)