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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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pictures of wonderful incomprehensibility. They
are supposed to have been executed in the early
half of the 16th century. This Giovanni may have
been a brother or other relation of Girolamo, who
is called Moreto by Vasari.

MIREVELT. See Mierevelt.

MIRI, Ludovicg, a designer,painter,and engraver
of Rome in the 18th century, made drawings about
1778 of the wall paintings discovered in the Baths
of Titus, which he afterwards etched, besides
several ceiling pieces after Raphael in the Villa
Madama, and others in the Villa Hadriana, in
the Baths of Livia, and in the Famese Garden.

MIRICENYS. See Merioa.

MIEON, Antgn, (Mirgv, or Miruleus,) is a
Flemish painter, whose works are extremely rare.
Those in existence display much merit; they
are, for the most part, landscapes ornamented
with scenes from sacred history, and occasionally
with subjects of a sporting character, or in the
style of Jan Brueghel. Mention may be made of
a landscape with the conversion of St. Paul in the
Vienna Gallery, and a landscape with a duck-hunt-
ing scene, dated 1653, in the Berlin Gallery. Several
of his views in the neighbourhood of the Schwalbach
Spa have been engraved by M. Merian. The fol-
lowing among his works may also be mentioned :
Berlin. Museum. A scene in a Forest with Duck-

Hunters. 1653.
Copenhagen. Gallery, A Landscape.
Gotha. „ A Forest Landscape with Hunters.

1614.
Madrid. „ Hagar and Ishmael.

Petersburg, fleiwiaje. Hermits in the Forest.

„ „ Village on Fire.

Schleissheim. The Interior of a Wood with the

Temptation of Christ.
Vienna. Belvedere. A Landscape with the Conversion
of St. Paul.

MIROSLAW, is the author of some miniatures
in a manuscript entitled ' Mater verborum,' of the
date- 1102, in the Museum at Prague.

MIRUOLI, Girolamg, according to Vasari, was
a native of the Eomagna, and flourished about
the year 1570. He was a disciple of Pelleg.rino
Tibaldi, and was a reputable painter of history.
There are som« frescoes by him in the church of



Misciroli



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVEES.



Hodigliani



the Servi at Bologna. He also distinguished him-
self at Panna and Modena, where he was employed
by the Duke, and difid painter to the court.

MISCIROLI, ToMMASO, an historical painter, bom
at Faenza in 1636. He studied without a master,
and was called ' The peasant painter.' He died
in 1699.

MISEROTTI, DoMENico, is mentioned by Strutt
as the engraver of several plates for the collection
of prints from the paintings in the gallery of the
Grand Duke of Tuscany. He flourished about
1750, or rather later.

MITAN, James, an English engraver, born in
London in 1776. He received instruction from
Agar, from Cheeseman, and in the schools of the
Academy. He obtained an excellent practice, and
in his later years devoted himself to architecture.
He died in 1822. Specimens of his work will be
found in :

Inchbald's ' British Theatre.' 1808.

Smixke's * Don Quixote.'

Stothard's ' Irish Melodies.'

Dibdiu's ' Bibliographical Tour.' 1821.

MITAN, S., was brother and pupil of James
Mitan. He engraved for Batty's ' Views of
France,' and was employed by Messrs. Aokerman.

MITCHELL, John, a Scotch engraver, born in
1791, who practised in Edinburgh, and died in
1862. His best known plates are :

Alfred in the Neatherd's Cottage ; after Wilkie.

The Bat-catchers ; after the same.

MITCHELL, Thomas, an English marine painter
in the latter part of the 18th century, who held
appointments in the dockyards, and practised art
as an amateur. He exhibited at the Academy
from 1774 to 1789.

MITELLI, Agostino, (or Metelli,) was born at
Battidizzo, near Bologna, in 1609. He received his
first education at the school of the Carracci in
Bologna, and studied perspective and architecture
under Falcetta, and afterwards painting under
Miniati and Dentone. With this last artist he
visited Parma in 1627, and painted for the theatre
at Bologna. After the death of Dentone he at-
tached himself to Michelangelo Colonna, in con-
junction with whom he painted the decorations of
the archiepiscopal palace at Ravenna, sometimes
designing the figures, and sometimes the perspec-
tives ; but he afterwards devoted himself entirely
to the latter. His intimacy with Colonna lasted
twenty-four years, and was only terminated by his
death. Of the numerous works of the pair at
Bologna, the most admired are the Capella del
Rosario and the saloon in the Palazzo Caprara.
They equally distinguished themselves at Parma,
Modena, and Genoa. In 1674 they were invited
to the court of Spain by Philip IV., where they
ornamented the palaces with some of their finest
works, particularly a grand saloon, in which
Colonna introduced. the fable of Pandora. Mitelli
died at Madrid in 1660. We have twenty-four
spirited vignettes by this master, consisting chiefly
of architectural ornaments ; and a set of forty-
eight friezes, dated 1645.

MITELLI, Giuseppe Maria, (Metelli,) the son
of Agostino Mitelli, was born at Bologna in 1634.
After receiving some instruction from his father,
he entered the school of Flaminio Torre. He
painted historical subjects, and occasionally intro-
duced figures into the perspective views of Agos-
tino. There are several of his pictures in the
churches at Bologna, of which the most worthy of



notice are, ' St. Riniero healing the Sick,' in Santa
Maria della Vita; a 'Pietk' in the Annunziata ;
and ' Christ taken in th« Garden ' at the Cappuccini.
He was more distinguished as an engraver than as a
painter, and has etched a great variety of plates
from his own designs and after some of the most
celebrated of the Italian masters. He died in 1718.
Bartsch describes 162 pieces by him, and Nagler
has increased the number.

The following are his principal works :

A set of twelve plates, after the most esteemed pictures

iu the churches at Bologna.
The history of ^neas, in twenty plates; after the
pictures by the Carracci, in the Palazzo Favi, at
Bologna.
The Cries of Bologna, in forty-one prints ; after Ann.

Carracci.
The Adoration of the Shepherds, called the Notte ; after

Correffgio.
The Martyrdom of St. Erasmus ; after Pmssin.
David and Goliath ; after Titian.
The finding of the Cross ; after Tintoretto.
The Rich Man and Lazarus ; after Paolo Veronese.
The twenty-four Hours of Human Felicity. There are
two additional prints, making a set of twenty-six,
probably from his own designs. They were published
at Bologna in 1675, and are now become scarce,

MOALLB, LoYS, a French historical painter
and native of Peronne, who flourished about 1475.
In 1610 he was working at Valenciennes.

MOCETTO, GiROLAMO, (Mozetto,) was living
between the 15th and 16th centuries, and was both
a painter and a famous engraver. He was a
pupil and journeyman of Giovanni Bellini, and
painted the ' Virgin and Child between SS. Biagio
and Giuliana,'in the chapel of San Biagio, Verona ;^
a ' Madonna and Child ' in the Gallery of Vicenza ;
and a ' Portrait of a Man ' in the Gallery of Modena.
His engravings date from 1490 to 1514. As to
the dates of his birth or death there is no
certainty. His principal engravings are :

Battle of the Israelites and Amalekites.

Judith.

St. John the Baptist in the Desert.

Baptism of Christ.

Resurrection of Christ.

The Virgin on the Throne.

The Virgin in Glory.

Bacclius.

Triumph of Neptune.

Calumny of Apelles.

MOCHETTI, Alessandro, an engraver, was
born at Rome about 1760. He studied under
Volpone, and executed several excellent plates.
He died about 1812.

MOCK, JoHANN Samuel, court painter to King
August of Saxony and Poland. He died about
1738.

MOCK, J. J., a topographical draughtsman, was
. born at Herisau in 1776. He drew several Swiss
views. He died in 1824.

MODALULPHE, a painter who flourished in
France in the 9th century.

MODENA, Ant. da. See Begarelli.

MODENA, Barnaba da. See Serafini.

MODENA, Martino da, a miniature painter of'
the latter half of the 15th century, was the son of
Giorgio, and grandson of Alberto, of Germany.

MODENA, Nio. da. See Rosex.

MODENA, Pellegrino da. See Aretusi.

MODENA, Tom. da. See Eabisino.

MODESTUS, a monk who worked as a mini-
aturist at St. Gall, in the ninth century.

MODIGLIANI, Francesco, was a native of
Forli, and flourished about the year 1600. He is

169



Hodoniuo



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Mogford



said to have been a pupil of Pontormo. Lanzi
notices some of his works at Urbino, where he is
called ' Francesco da Forli,' representing a ' Deposi-
tion from the Cross,' and some frescoes in the
church of Santa Lucia. But his best productions
are at the Osservanti at Forli, and in the church
of Santa Maria del Rosario ; they are subjects from
the Old Testament, among which are ' Adam and
Eve driven from Paradise,' the ' Deluge,' the
'Tower of Babel,' and others.

MODONINO, Giovanni Battista, painter, was a
native of Modena. He painted architecture with
some success at Rome, and died at Naples of the
plague in 1656.

. MOECHSELKIRCHEL, Gabriel, a German
historical painter, who flourished at Munich in
1470. At Schleissheim there are two pictures of
' Christ bearing Hie Cross,' and ' The Crucifixion.'

MOEGLICH, Ani reas Leonhard, engraver, was
bom at Nuremberg in 1742. He studied first alone,
but afterwards entered the school of Preissler.
His first worlcs were vignettes and small portraits,
which were succeeded by a few plates on a larger
scale. He died about 1810.

MOELART, Jakob, was born at Dordrecht in
1649, and was for some time a scholar of Nicolas
Maas. His progress under that master was con-
siderable, and he proved a leputahle painter both
of history and portraits. Of his historical works,
Houbraken particularly commends his pictures of
' Moses striking the Rock ' and the ' Destruction of
Pharaoh and his Host.' He died in 1727.

MOENCH, Charles Victoire Frederic, a French
historical and decorative painter, born in Paris in
1784. He was a pupil of Girodet. He exhibited
at the Salon in 1810, and obtained a medal in
1817. Several years were spent at Rome, and
on his return he was much patronized by the
Orleans family. The restoration of the paintings
in the chapel at Versailles was entrusted to him,
and he executed some decorative works in the
Diana Gallery at Fontainebleau. He died in 1867.
Among his works are :

Diana and Actseon.

The Holy Family.

The Birth of Venus.

Susanna at the Bath.

The wife of King Candaules, &c.

MOENS, Arnold, a painter and sculptor, who
flourished at Brussels in 1447. He was attached
to the Brotherhood of St. Eloi in that year.

MOENS, E. H., a Dutch painter, was born at
Middlebourg in the 17th century. He accom-
panied Abraham Genoels to Rome, and in 1674
was admitted into the Society of Foreign Painters
in that city.

MOERE. See Van der Moerb.

MOEBENHOUT, Josef Josse, a Flemish land-
scape painter, was born at Eeckeren near Antwerp
in 1801. He was a pupil of Horace Vernet, and
painted chiefly horses and winter scenes. Speci-
•mens of his works are to be found at Haarlem and
Munich. He died in 1876.

MOERMAN, Albert, a Flemish landscape
painter, born in 1808. He was a pupil of P. F.
de Noter. He died in 1857.

MOERMANS, Jakob, was a Flemish painter,
born in 1602. In 1621-2 he was a pupil of Rubens
at Antwerp, and in the same year free of the
Guild. He was one of the three artists named by
Rubens in his will to superintend the sale of his

160



pictures. He was accidentally drowned in the
canal at Antwerp in 1653.

MOEUSE, Jan de, a Flemish historical painter,
who flourished at Liege in the 16th century.

MOEYAERT. See Moijart.

MOFFEI, 0. F., is mentioned by Strutt as the
author of a coarse etching representing the ' Death
of St. Francis.'

MOGALLI, Cosmo, an Italian designer and en-
graver, was born at Florence in 1667. He was
instructed in design by Giovanni Battista Foggini,
a Florentine sculptor, and applied himself chiefly
to engraving. He died in 1730. He executed
part of the plates for a book of Etruscan antiqui-
ties, published at Florence in 1724, by Thomas
Dempster ; and was employed, in Conjunction with
Antonio Lorenzini and others, to engrave the
plates for the ' Museo Fiorentino.' We have also
some prints by him, after Saiiti di Tito, F. Perucci,
and others. He signed his works C. M. sculp, or
C. M. S. The following are from pictures in the
Florentine Gallery.

The Holy Family reposing; aft^ Allani; circular.

Apollo and Marsyas ; after Guercino.

The Magdalen carried up to Heaven by an Angel ; after

Guido Caynacci.
The Holy Family ; after Correggio.
Eve presenting the Apple to Adam ; after Carlo Cagliari.
Adam and Eve driven from Paradise ; after the same.
Christ and the Disciples at Emmaus ; (^ter Talma.
The Marriage of St. Catherine ; after Fra Sartolomineo,
David and Bathsheba ; after Salviati.
The Annunciation ; after Andrea del 8arto.
The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after Titian.
A Bacchanalian Dance ; (^er the same.
Philip II., King of Spain ; after the same.

MOGALLI, Niccol6, the son of Cosmo Mogalli,
was born at Florence in 1723. After learning the
principles of design under Francesco Conti,he was
instructed in engraving by J. D. Picohiante.
About the year 1760 he went to Rome, where he
resided several years, and was employed by the
celebrated Winkelmann to engrave, from the
designs of Casanova, the plates for his work
entitled, 'Monumenti antichi, inediti, spiegati ed
illustrati da Giovanni Winkelmann. Roma, 1767.'
He with his sister Theresa Mogalli engraved
some plates for the ' Museo Fiorentino,' and for the
' Cabinetto di Portici.'

MOGFORD, John, was descended from an old
Devonshire family, and born in London, 15th
October, 1821. His father Thomas Mogford was a
painter, in water-colours, of picturesque architec-
ture, and an P.S.A. At the age of eleven years
he was placed at a school in France. On his return
to England he entered the School of Design, at
Somerset House, where he studied for two years
under Mr. Dyce, becoming eventually a member of
the Royal Academy School, where, being very per-
severing and enthusiastic, he obtained several prizes.
At this time, his means being small, he found it
difficult to follow his artistic studies, and was
obliged, in order to earn a living, to set himself to
the restoration of old pictures for three days in
each week. Thus, having gained the confidence
and friendship of Mr. Buchanan and other con-
noisseurs, he frequently had the works of the great
masters on his easel. At the age of twenty-one he
married the daughter of Francis Danby, A.B.A.,
landscape painter. In 1846 he exhibited his first
picture in oils at the Royal Academy, and from
then to the year 1865 he had always one or more
pictures in the exhibition. In 1866 he was elected



Mog^ord



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



a member of the Institute of Painters in Water-
Colours. In 1879 he was awarded a first prize at
the Sydney International Exhibition, and many of
his pictures are in the National Galleries of New
South Wales and Victoria. Mogford died in 1886.

MOGFORD, Thomas, was a native of Devonshire,
and followed his profession at Exeter. From 1838
to 1854 he was an exhibitor of portraits and sub-
jects pictures at the Royal Academy. After the
latter date he fell into bad health, and died at
Guernsey in 1868.

MOHEDANO, Antonio, a Spanish historical
painter in fresco, and considered one of the best
painters of Andalusia, was born at Antequerra in
1661. He studied under the celebrated Pablo do
Cespedes, but preferring fresco to painting in oil, he
devoted himself to that, and became the most
eminent artist of his time. He painted fruit and
ornaments with equal skill, and successfully
imitated the grotesques in the Loggie of the
Vatican by Giovanni da Udine. He left many
proofs of his merit as a painter, particularly in four
pictures for the convent of San Francisco de Sevilla,
and in the frescoes painted at the same place in
conjunction with Alonso Vazquez. In the latter
part of his life he returned to Lucena, where he
finished the pictures for the great altar of the
cathedral of that city, and died there in 1625.
Mohedano had also a talent for poetry, of which
specimens may be seen in ' Flores de poetas ilustres
de Espana,' published by his friend Pedro Espinosa
in 1605.

MOHR, J., a German landscape and marine
painter, was born at Munich in 1808, and died in
1844. There is by him in the Copenhagen Gallery
a 'View of the Sea near Kiel.'

MOIJART (or MOEYAERT), Nicolaes Cok-
NELisz, a Dutch painter, was born at Amsterdam (?)
shortly before 1600. He was enrolled in the guild
in that city in 1624. He may be looked upon as
one of those who prepared the way for Rembrandt,
for he painted with a full brush and with much
vigour of light and shade. His subjects are por-
traits, landscapes, animals and genre. Among his
direct pupils must be reckoned Berchem, J. van der
Does, and Solomon Koninck. Moijart visited Italy,
where he came for a time under the influence of
Blzheimer. His death is thought to have taken
place in 1669. Among his pictures we may name :

The Choice of a Lover.

A Portrait Group of ' Kegents.'

The Calling of Matthew.

Biblical Scene.

Triumph of Silenus.

Mercury aud Herse.

St. John the Baptist Preaching.

(Signed: CI. Mooyaert fc.

1631.)
„ „ Flight of the Angel from To-

bit's Family ('r').

MOILLON, Isaac, a French historical painter,
born in Paris in 1615. He was a son of Nicolas
MoiLLON, a landscape painter. He was admitted
into the Academy in 1663, and died in 1673.

MOINE. See Lkmoinb.

MOIRON, Van dee. See Van der Moieon,

MOISY, Alexander, an engraver, born in Paris
in 1763. He engraved architectural pieces and
ornaments. He died about 1832.

MOITTE, Feanqois Auguste, the son and pupil
of Pierre Etienne Moitte, was born in Paris about
the year 1748. We have by him several plates

VOL. II. M



Amsterdam. Museum.

Brunswick. „

The Hague.



Stockholm.



Itlola

after Greuze and other masters ; among them the
following :

A pair, Poetry and Painting ; after Greuze.
A Flemish Repast ; after Jordaens.

MOITTE, PiEEEE Etienne, a French engraver,
was born in Paris in 1722. He was a pupil of
Beauvarlet, and engraved several portraits and
various other subjects in a clear, neat style. His
most important works were the plates he executed
after pictures in the Dresden Gallery, and in the
cabinet of Count Bruhl. For his portrait of Restout
he was in 1771 admitted to the Paris Academy, and
afterwards appointed engraver to the king. He
died in Paris in 1780. His daughter Rose Angelique
also engraved. The following prints by him may
be named :

portraits.

J. Eestoufc, Painter to the King ; after De Latour.
Charles Jean Fran9ois H&ault, Hidtorian; after St.
Aubin.

SUBJECTS AFTER VARIOUS MASTERS.

The Holy Family; after Andrea del Sarto ; (Dresden

Collection).
Another Holy Family ; after F. Vanni ; the same.
The Marriage of St. Catharine ; after Correytfio.
Christ praying on the Mount of Olives ; after the same.
A Halt of Travellers ; after Wouwerman.
The Watering-place ; after the same.
The Dutch Cook ; after Gerard Dou.
The Fish-woman ; after the same.
.^neas saving his Family from the Burning of Troy ;

after M. Corneille.
The Triumph of Venus ; after Boucher.
The Pleasures of Summer ; after the same.
Several Prints after Greuze, Cochin, and other masters.

MOJETTA, ViNCENZio, an Italian historical
painter, born at Caravaggio. He flourished at
Milan about 1600, and is mentioned in P. Morigia's
book on the Milanese nobility.

MOL, Arnold de, was a Flemish painter, who
flourished at Bruges in the 16th century. He was
entered in the Guild register in 1450.

MOL, Gilles de, a Flemish painter, who worked
for the Dukes of Burgundy in 1386-7.

MOL, Jan Baptist van, is known only as a
contemporary and imitator of Rembrandt. He is
believed to have engraved some plates.

MOL, Pieter van, a portrait and historical
painter, born at Antwerp in 1699. He was a pupil
of Siger van den Grave, and received lessons from
A. Wolfaerts. In 1622 he was received into the
Corporation of St. Luke in Antwerp. In 1631 he
was in Paris, where he was appointed painter to
the Queen, Anne of Austria. In 1640 he married,
in Paris, Anna van der Burch, the daughter of a
Flemish engraver, and by her had eight children in
eight years. In 1648 he was one of the founders
of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
of France. He died in 1660. There is a portrait
by Mol in the La Caze collection in the Louvre.
At Lille there is a ' Descent from the Cross.'

MOL, Wouterus, a Dutch genre and historical
painter, was born at Haarlem in 1786. He was a
pupil of H. van Brussel and of David. He died
in 1868. Of his chief works are :
Amsterdam. Bcce Homo.

Antwerp. Adoration of the Magi.

Berlin. Isaac blessing Jacob.

Copenhagen. Head of St. John the Baptist.

Paris. A dead Christ.

MOLA, Giovanni Battista di Francia, (Mollo,
or Molly,) painter and etcher, was born at

161



Mola



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Moles



Besanfon in 1616. He. studied in Paris under
Vouet, and executed with Pietro Francesco Mola a
copy for Cardinal Bichi of a painting by Paolo
Veronese at Venice. After this he went to Rome,
where he became a disciple of Albani in 1650. He
composed in the style of that master, but his
colouring is more vigorous and bolder. He died
at Rome in 1661. Of his paintings these were



The Portrait of Albani ; ly St. Ficart.

A Landscape with the history of Hagar and Ishmael ;
hy J. Prou.
He himself etched among others :

Judith with the Head of Holofernes.

Susannah in the Bath ; after Ann. Garracci.

Atalanta.

MOLA, PiBTEO Feanoesco, was born at Coldre,
in the Milanese, in 1612. He was the son of an
architect, who placed him under the tuition of
Prospero Orsi and Giuseppe Cesari d'Arpino, at
Rome ; but on his father going to Bologna on
business, he accompanied him, and became a
disciple of Francesco Albani. He afterwards went
to Venice, where be studied the best productions
of the great masters of the Venetian school. He
returned to Rome in the pontificate of Innocent X.,
by whom he was employed in several considerable
works, particularly a chapel in the church Del
Gesu, where he painted in fresco ' St. Peter
delivered from Prison,' and the ' Conversion of St.
Paul,' which gained him great reputation. He was
not less patronized by Alexander VII., for whom
be painted a ' Joseph making himself known to his
Brethren,' in the pontifical palace of Monte Cavallo.
Afterwards be became President of the Academy
of St. Luke, and worked for Queen Christina.
Two of his best pictures are a ' St. John in the
Wilderness,' and a ' St. Paul the Hermit,' in Santa
Maria della Vita, at Milan. Mola died at Rome in
1668. Paintings by him are at Copenhagen, Dublin
(National Gallery), London (the National Gallery),
Munich, St. Petersburg, and Venice ; also the
following :

Dresden. Museum. Hero and Leander.
„ „ Dido.

„ „ Ceyx and Alcyone.

Florence. t^ffi'i- His own Portrait.

London. Burlington > Landscape, with the Temptation

House {Dip. Gal.) J of Christ {ajlne example).

Naples. Museum. St. Romualdus.

Paris. Louvre. Hagar in the Desert.

„ „ Preaching of John the Baptist.

,, „ Vision of St. Bruno.

Rome. Capitol. Hagar and Ishmael.

„ Pal. Borghese, Delivery of St. Peter.

„ „ Corsini. The Magdalene.

We have a few engravings by P. F. Mola, executed
in a spirited style ; the following are among them :

The Virgin suckling the Infant Jesus ; after his own
design.

The Holy Family, with Angels. This plate was first
etched by Mola, and was afterwards finished with the
graver by a clumsy, unskilful hand.

Joseph discovering himself to his Brethren. This print
has been sometimes attributed to Carlo Maratti.

The Holy Family, with Angels presenting Flowers to
the Infant Jesus ; after Aliani.

The Satyr's Family.

MOLANUS, M. : in the Dresden Gallery there is
a landscape with a village and a group of trees,
signed M. Molanus 1635, and in the collection of
Mr. V. E. L. de Stuers (Hague), there are two land-
scapes with the same signature.

Mold, Johann van, painter, was born in
Flanders, and went to Seville, where be became a

162



pupil of a local painter. He painted landscapes
in a weakly florid style He died about 1706.

MOLENAER, Molinaee, &c. ; the surname of
a large family of artists of the Netherlandish
school : —

MOLENAER, Baetholomaus, entered the Guild
in 1640.

MOLENAER, Coenelis, called ' Soheele Neel'
(that is, ' the squinter '), was born at Antwerp



Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 42 of 201)