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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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about 1540, and instructed by his father and step-
father. His paintings were executed very rapidly,
and without the maul-stick. He died at Amster-
dam after 1691. There are by him :
Berlin. Museum. A Forest Scene.

Brunswick. Three Landscapes, one of them

dated 1591.
Christiania. A Winter Landscape.

Madrid. Three Sea-pieces.

MOLENAER, Jan, was a native of Haarlem,
and painted village scenes, drunken quarrels, &c.
He married in 1636, at Heemstede, JnDiTH
Leystee, herself a painter, who died in 1660. In
1647 be was living at Amsterdam, but his death
occurred at Haarlem, in 1685.

MOLENAER, Jan Jaoobsz, was born at Haar-
lem in 1654. There is a picture signed by liim in
the Copenhagen Museum. The subject is a Dutch
interior with a merry-making.

MOLENAER, Jan Miensb, born at Haarlem,
early in the 17th century. He painted country
scenes in the style of Steen and Brauwer. He was
the best of the Molenaers. His colour was warm
and clear ; his touch spirited, and his humour full
but seldom coarse. He died at Haarlem in 1668.
The following is a list of some of his more ac-
cessible pictures :

Alton Towers. Museum. A Tailor's Workshop.

Amsterdam. „ Peasant Musicians.

„ „ The Village School.

Berlin. „ The Interior of an Inn.

Brunswick. „ A Dentist. 1630

Copenhagen. „ The Jealous Wife.

Dublin. Nat. Gall. Peasants teaching a Cat and Dog

to dance.

Petersburg. Herm. A Peasant's Family.

Pommersfelden; Mus. A Scene with Feasants.

Rotterdam. „ Village Concert.

„ „ Clarionet Player.

„ „ Village School.

He etched ' A Festival,' the ' Violimst ' (both very
rare), and a ' Pastry-cook with Children.'

MOLENAER, Klaes, was born at Haarlem in the
17tb century, entered the Guild there in 1651, and
painted landscapes in the manner of Izaak van
Ostade and Dekker. He died at Haarlem in 1676.
There are by hira :

Petersburg. if*r,«t*- ) ^^^^^^

Rotterdam. Museum. The same subject.
„ „ A Bleaching-place.

MOLENBEKE, Jan van, a Flemish artist, and
native of Louvain, who in 1433 was entrusted by the
Abbess of Val Due with the execution of an altar-
piece for the convent church. He was still living
in Louvain in 1438.

MOLES, Pascal Petee, painter and engraver,
was born at Madrid in 1740. He studied painting
in his native city, and then went to Paris, where
he studied engraving under Dupuis. He died at
Madrid in 1776. Among his works are :

The Virgin and Child ; after Van Dyck.
John the Baptist ; after Guido.
St. Gregory; after Vanloo.




MOLIGNY, C. D., a French engraver, resided in
Paris about the year 1760. He engraved several
portraits, principally after Cochin, among them
that of Jean Brute, Cur6 de St. Benoit.

MOLINA, Manurl de, was a Spanish painter,
born at Jaen in 1614. He studied at Rome, and
after returning to Spain entered the Capuchin
convent at Jaen. He painted in the style of
Sebastian Martinez, but with less talent. His por-
traits were much esteemed. He died in 1677.

MOLINARI. See Mulinabi.

MOLINARI, Antonio, an Italian historical
painter, was born at Venice in 1665. He studied
under his father, Giovanni Battista Molinari, and
afterwards went to the school of Zauchi. He
painted a picture now in the Dresden Gallery of
'Psj-che watching Bros asleep.' He was still
working in 1727.

MOLINARI, Giovanni, an Italian portrait and
historical painter, born at Savigliano in 1721. He
was a pupil of CI. Beaumont, and died in 1793.
There are pictures by him at Turin, at Vercelli,
and in many private collections in North Italy.

MOLINARI, Giovanni Battista, an Italian
historical painter, flourished in the middle of the
17th century. He was a pupil of Vec'chia. At
Dresden there is a ' Drunkenness of Noah ' by him,
and at Brunswick a ' Finding of Moses.'

MOLINEDO, a Danish painter, born at Copen-
hagen. He lived some time in Russia, but in 1780
returned to Copenhagen. He afterwards went to
Spain, where he is said to have died.

MOLITOR, JoHANN Peter, was born at Wester-
burg near Coblenz in 1702. He first studied at
Bonn, and afterwards went to Berlin and Dresden,
and in 1734 settled at Prague. He painted first
landscapes and peasant scenes, and afterwards
fruits and flowers. In 1756 he went to Vienna,
where he died in 1757.

MOLITOR, Maetin von, a landscape painter,
designer, and engraver, who was born at Vienna,
in 1759, and died in the same city in 1812, was a
pupil of Christian Brand. His landscapes, both in
oil and in water-colours, were much admired and
sought for by amateurs and connoisseurs. He was
a Knight of the Order of Leopold, custos of the
royal court library, and a meniber of the Academy
of Vienna. Some of his designs, representing
cattle and sheep, have been engraved by Gabet,
Duttenhofer, and Bartsoh ; these are distinguished
by their initials, in addition to M. M. with which
he marked his etcliings ; as for example, M. M.
inv. A. Btchf. — M. M. d. G. S., the last signifying
Martin von Molitor delineavit, (Francois) Gabet,
sculpsit- ' Of his paintings there are :

Loudon. ;S Kensington. Landscape.
Prague. Soc. Frd^^.of^^^^^^^'^^^^

„ „ Cattle Kece.

„ „ Cottage in the Plain.

Vienua. Academy. Bridge in the Rossau country.

Of his etchings the most noteworthy are:


The young Sailor.

Forest Landscape with Cattle.

MOLLER, Andreas, portrait and historical
painter, was born at Copenhagen in 1683. In the
Gallery there is a portrait of Marshal Saxe by
this artist, as well as a copy of Robert Walker's
portrait of Oliver Cromwell. Moller was living
in Vienna in 1724, and died in Berlin in 1758.

MOLLER, Anton, a Germfin landscape painter,
was born at Konigsberg in 1560. He visited Itf ly,
and afterwards settled at Dantzic, where he died in
1620. His best picture is in the town-hall of

MOLLER, Jens Peter, a Danish landscape
painter, was born at Faaborg in the island of
Funen in 1783. He studied at the Academy at
Copenhagen in 1809, and was afterwards sent to
Paris by the king, to study restoring. While there,
however, he also painted from the works of
Claude Lorrain. After his return, in 1815, he
became, in 1826, a professor and member of the
Academy and Conservator of the Royal Gallery,
and in 1834 superintendent of the gallery of Count
Moltke at Copenhagen. Subsequently he travelled
in Germany, Switzerland, the Tyrol, and Norway.
He died at Copenhagen in 1854. The following
are his best pictures :

Copenhagen. Gallery. The Wetterhom and Rosenlaui.
„ „ A Forest Eoad near Blsinore.

" '''SfrlT'^^StraitsofSvendborg.

MOLLINERI. See Mulinari.

MOLLINGER, Gerard Alexander, a landscape
painter, was born in Holland in 1833. He exhibited
at the international Exhibition of 1862, in London,
a ' Heath Scene ' and a ' Landscape after a shower
of Rain ; ' later on he occasionally contributed to
the exhibitions of the Royal Scottish Academy.
He died in 1867.

MOLLINGER, Louis, a*Dutch historical, portrait,
and genre -painter, was born at Utrecht in 1825.
He was a pupil of G. Stoof at Utrecht, and of Ary
Scheifer at Paris. He died in 1860.

MOLLO, (or Molly). See Mola.

MOLTENI, Giuseppe, an Italian historical and
portrait painter, born in 1800 at Alferi near Milan.
He was a pupil of the Milan Academy, where he
exhibited, as well as at Venice and Vienna. He
gained a gold medal at Milan in 1836, and was
decorated with several foreign orders. In his later
years he held the post of curator of the Brera
Gallery. He died in 1867. Molteni's reputation
now I'ests more upon his labours as a restorer than
upon his original pictures. In that more humble
line of art he did much good work, and no doubt
some mischief. The famous ' Pisanello ' in the
National Gallery was restored by him under Sir C..
Eastlake's supervision.

MOLYN, PiETER, the elder, was born in London
some time before the year 1600. lie left England
and went to Haarlem, where in 1616 he entered
the Guild, of which he became president in 1633.
He married in 1624. He died at Haarlem in 1661.
He painted laildscapes in a very pleasing style,
his foregrounds being enriched with buildings
and ruins in the style of Jan van Goyen. He
was also a good figure painter. His pictures,
which are very rare, comprise the following :

Aix-la-Ohapelle &«•- | ^ Landscape.

mondt GalL. )
Berlin. A Landscape.

Brunswick. Two Landscapes.

Brussels. Museum. Festival at Night. 1623.
Dublin. Nat. Gall. The Stadtholder going to the

Haarlem. Museum. Sacking a Village.
Florence. UJld. A Landscape.

Paris. Louiire. A shock of Cavalry.

Lille. Museum. The Dutch Coast from the Sea.

We have several spirited etchings by this artist,
which are incorrectly attributed hy Strutt to his





son, Peter Molyn, called Tempesta. They are
executed in the style of Jan van de Velde. His
prints are generally signed with his name, the P.
and M. being joined thus <T). _ Among others
are the following : tTW.'

A set of four Landscapes ; inscribed, F. de Molyn fee.

et exc. 1626.
Another set of four Landscapes ; P. Molyn fecit. 1626.
Several Candle-light pieces and dark subjects.

MOLYN, PiETEB, the younger, or Pibteo Mhller,
called also Tbmpbsta and Peteus de Muliekibus,
was the son of Pieter Molyn the elder, and was
born at Haarlem in 1632. He learned the prin-
ciples of art from his father, but having seen some
of the hunting-pieces of Frans Snyders he applied
himself to imitate the style of that master. He
did not confine his talents to huntings and animals,
but equally excelled in painting sea-storms and
tempests. When he was twenty-five years of _ age
he went to Italy, where his ability in such subjects
acquired him the name of ' II Tempesta.' At
Rome he was so popular that he was under_ the
necessity of calling in an assistant, whose sister
he married. His reputation reached Genoa, whither
he went in an unlucky moment for himself. He
there conceived a violent attachment to a Genoese
lady, and finding it vain to hope for a return while
his wife lived, he summoned her to Genoa, and
had her murdered on the way. His crime, however,
was discovered, and it was only by the intercession
of his powerful friends t^iat he escaped death. He
spent sixteen years in prison, where many of his
pictures were painted, and died in 1701. After
his release he passed under the name of Pietro
Mliller. One of his best performances is the ' Ark
of Noah,' in possession of Count Algarotti. We
may also name :

Dresden. Gallery. Three pictures of thunder-

,j „ A Landscape with John the

„ „ A Landscape.

Petersburg. Hermitage. Storm at Sea.
Milan. Brera. Landscape with women wash-

ing clothes.
„ „ Landscape with Shepherds.

Nantes. Museum. Sliipwreck.

MOMAL, Jacques Franqois, a French historical
painter and engraver, born at Lewarde near Dojiai
in 1754. He was a pupil of Durameau. In 1785
he was appointed Professor of the Academy of
Valenciennes. He died in 1832.

MOMBELLO, Luoa, (or Mombelli.) a disciple
of Moretto, and of Francesco Eiccliini, was a
Bresoian living in the 16th century, and the author
of a 'Presentation in the Temple' in the Tosi
Gallery at Brescia, in which city other paintings
by bim may be found.

MOMMBES, PIbndeik, was born at Haarlem in
1623, and studied at Rome, where he was called
by the associated artists ' Meleager.' His subjects
are Italian vegetable markets with peasants, land-
scapes and animals, seldom without an ass ; occa-
sionally sea-ports. He imitated the style of Ber-
ohem. In 1647 he entered the Guild of his native
town. On his return to his native country he
received scholars, some of whom proved respect-
able painters ; Brackenburg, Bernard van Schendel,
and Thierry Maes were of the number. He signed
his pictures with his initials, H. M., and sometimes
in full. He died at Haarlem in 1697. His designs
of Italian buildings are rare. Examples of his


work are to be seen at Berlin, Rotterdam,' and

MOMPER, Feans de, supposed to have been a
son of Josse de Momper, was born at Antwei p, and
inscribed in the books of St. Lake in 1629-30. He
died at Antwerp in 1660-1 (?). Pictures by him
are to be seen in the galleries of Berlin and

MOMPER, Josse de, a landscape and marine
painter and etcher, was born at Antwerp in 1564.
His father, Baetolome de Mompbe, was also a
painter. Josse was inscribed in the guild as early
as 1581. He died in 1634. Pictures by him are
to be found in the Galleries of Amsterdam, Bruges,
Berlin, Copenhagen, and St. Petersburg, but he can
best be studied at Dresden, where there are seven of
his pictures, and at Madrid, where there are twelve.

MONA, DoMBNico, (or Monna,) was born at
Ferrara about 1650, and was a disciple of Giuseppe
Mazzuoli. He possessed a prompt and ready in-
vention, and an astonishing facility of execution,
wliich accounts for the extraordinary number and
magnitude of the works he has left at Ferrara,
where there is scarcely a church or public edifice
which does not possess something of his hand.
There is, however, great inequality in his works ;
and in viewing his best performances, such as the
' Birth of the Virgin,' and the ' Nativity of our
Saviour,' in Santa Maria in Vado, and the 'Entomb-
ment of Christ,' at the Servi, it appears unaccount-
able that he could be so negligent of his fame as
to expose to public view the slight and imbecile
productions which form the majority of his works.
Lanzi attributes this incoherence to occasional
derangement of mind, and reports that in a fit
of insanity he killed an officer of the household
of Cardinal Aldobrandini, and was consequently
obliged to take refuge in the duchy of Parma.
He died at Modena in 1602. Others of his best
works are as under :

Parma. Cathedral. The Descent from the Cross.

„ S. TauVs. Adoration of the Magi.

„ „ St. Paul beheaded.

MONACHI. See Peham.

MONACO, See Lorenzo, Dom.

MONACO, Pietro, an Italian engraver, was
born at Belluno early in the 18th century. He
chiefly resided at Venice, where he published,
in 1763, a set of 112 plates, after the most cele-
brated pictures at Venice. These prints are very
unequal ; some, however, are of merit. The follow-
ing are the best :


Giovanni Battista Tiepolo ; after a portrai hy himself.
Jaohpo Tatti, called Sansovino, Sculptor ; after Titian.


Tobit restoring his Father's Sight ; after Dom. Feti.

The Adulteress before Christ ; after Faolo Veronese.

The Nativity ; after Seb. Micci.

The Murder of the Innocents ; after Giulio Carpioni.

The Last Supper ; after Fittoni.

Lot and his Daughters ; after F. Lileri.

Christ conducted to Mount Calvary ; after Giov. Batt,

Christ with the Disciples at Emmaus; after Giov,

The Presentation in the Temple ; after Ant. Balestra,

MONALDI, Bernardino, a painter of Florence
who flourished in the 17th century. He was a
pupil of Santi di Tito, and painted historical




MONALDI, L. , an obscure pupil of Luoatelli.

MONAMI, Pierre, a landscape painter, born at
Spa in 1814. He settled at Rome, where lie died
in 1857.

MONAMY, Peter, was a native of Jersey, born
about the year 1670. His parents were in indigent
circumstances, and he was sent to England when a
boy, and apprenticed to a house-painter on London
Bridge. He became a marine painter, and produced
pictures which were esteemed in their day. In
South Kensington Museum there is a view of the
old East India Wharf at London Bridge, and at
Hampton Court there is a naval battle by him.
Monamy died in Westminster in 1749.

MONANNI, MoNANNO, according to Baldinuoci
was a native of Florence, and was a disciple of
Cristof ano Allori. He went early to Rome, where
be painted history, and was received into the
Academy there in 1662. In the church of San
Giovanni Decollate at Rome, there is a picture
of the ' Baptism of Christ ' by him.

MONANTEUIL, Jean Jacqces Pranqois, a
French painter, was born at Mortagne in 1785.
He studied under Girodet, who employed him in
the decoration of the palace at Compiegne. He
also found employment in drawing for the en-
gravers. For many years he taught drawing at
the Academy at Alengon, but subsequently retired
to Le Mans, where he long lived, forgotten by the
world, and died in 1860. Amongst his works are :

Le Mans.


Two Girls begging.



An old Breton Shepherd



Mont St. Michel.



Old Hospital at Rennes.

Ariadne abandoned.

Sailors at Dieppe.

MONARD, Pierre, an historical and ornamental
painter, who flourished at Lyons in 1548.

MONARI, Cheiptofoeo, an historical painter,
who flourished at Reggio in 1717.

MONCALVO, II. See Caccia.

MONCE. See De la Monce.

MONCHY, Martin de, a French engraver, was
born in Paris in 1746, and studied under St. Aubin.
He engraved after Monnet, Van Goyen, and others.

MONCORNET, Balthazar, was a French en-
graver, who was probably born at Rouen in 1630,
and died in 1670. He chiefly resided in Paris,
where he followed the business of a printseller.
Basan styles him one of the most indifferent en-
gravers of his country. He engraved an almost
incredible number of portraits, and a few subjects
after Rubens and other masters, among which are
the following :

The Battle of Constantine ; after Euliens.

The Triumph of Constantine ; after the same.

A set of Ornaments for goldsmiths.

A small etching of Rabbits ; in the style of Hollar.

MONDINI, FuLGENZio, was a native of Bologna,
and flourished about the year 1658.- He was a
scholar of Guercino, and painted historical subjects.
Malvasia asserts that he was one of the most
promising young painters of his period, and
would have reached a distinguished rank in the
art, if his talents had been permitted a longer
career. He died young, in 1664, at Florence, where
he had been employed by the court. There are
several of his works in the churches at Bologna, of
which the following are the most worthy of notice.
In the Annunziata the ' Angel appearing to St.
Joseph in his Dream,' and the ' Repose of the Holy

Family m Egypt.' In San Petronio two frescoes
ot subjects from the life of St. Antony of Padua.
MONDINO. See Scarsella, StoisM.
MONERI, Giovanni, was born at Visone, a
small town near Acqui, in Piedmont, in 1637. and
studied at Rome under Romanelli. In 1657 he
returned to his native town, and painted a picture
of the ' Assumption ' for the cathedral at Acqui.
At a more advanced age he painted a 'Present-
ation in the Temple,' for the church of the
Capuchins. He died in 1714.

MONGEROUX, M. de, a French amateur en-
graver, etched some plates, among which is a
landscape with figures and animals, after Casanova.
MONGEZ, Angelique, a French historical painter
and engraver, was born in Paris in 1776. Her
maiden name was Level. She was a pupil of
Regnault and David. Among her works were the
' Death of Adonis,' and ' Alexander lamenting the
death of the wife of Darius.' She died in 1855.

MONGIN, PlERRE,landscape and still-life painter,
was born in 1762. He painted scenes in Switzer-
land, and among his works is 'The Blessing of the
Flag' in the Museum at Marseilles. He died at
Versailles in 1826.

MONI, Jean, according to Papillon, was a
native of Lyons, and flourished about the year
1570. He was an engraver on wood, and executed
a set of cuts from his own designs for the ' Bible
History,' published at Lyons by William Rouille
in 1570. He also copied .the woodcuts in the Bible
executed by Salomon Bernard, which copies were
published at Lyons in 1582.
MONI, L. DE. See Db Moni.
MONIER, Pierre, a French historical painter,
born at Blois in 1639. He was received into the
Academy in 1674. He published a book upon
anatomy, and another upon the arts of design. He
worked chiefly at Rome, and died in 1703.

MONKSWELL, Robert Poreett Collier, first
Lord Monkswell, was born at Plymouth in 1817.
He chose the profession of barrister, and in 1863
became Solicitor-General, being promoted five years
later to the rank of Attorney-General. In 1871
he was appointed a paid member of the Privy
Council, and in 1885 was raised to the peerage on
the resignation of Mr. Gladstone's second ministry.
For most of his hfe he was an amateur painter,
and attained considerable facility in the painting
of Swiss landscapes, many of which were exhibited
at the Roj'al Academy. Lord Monkswell died at
Grasse, near Cannes, on October 27th, 1886.
MONNA. See Mona.

MONNAVILLB, Francois, (or Monaville,) a
portrait and historical painter, born at Brussels,
who worked at Rome, and died about 1670. He
was a member of the Roman Academy of St. Luke,
and was one of the sponsors at the reception of
Ab. Genoels.

MONNET, Charles, historical and portrait
painter was born in Paris about 1730. He was ap-
pointed professor at St. Cyr, and was still living in
1808. He was admitted into the Academy in 1765.
MONNEUSE, J. ; an artist of this name was
active at Rheims in the latter half of the 16th
century. He decorated the interior of the H6tel
de Ville, and painted many portraits of civic officers.
MONNICKS, — , (or MuNNix,) was born at Bois-
le-Duc in 1606. It is riot known by whom he was
instructed, but he went early to Italy, and studied
several years at Rome. He chiefly excelled in
architectural views, markets, and conversations.





His talents reoommended him to the notice of
Urban VIII., who took him into his service with
a Hberal establishment, and employed him in
several important works during his residence at
Rome. He painted the most remarkable views in
that capital — the Colosseum, the Columns of Trajan
and Vespasian, the Campo Vaocino, &o. The works
of this master are almost entirely confined to Italy,
where he passed the greater part of his life. He
did not return to Holland until he was upwards
of seventy, and died at Bois-le-Duc in 1686.

MONNIER. See Mosniek.

MONNIER, Henri, born in Paris in 1799, studied
under Gros and Girodet. He was better known
as a draughtsman than as a painter. His subjects
were family scenes and caricatures. He died in
1877. ^

MONNIES, D., a Danish still-life painter, who
died in 1856. Two works of his are to be found
at Copenhagen.

MONNOYBR, Antoine, called ' Young Baptiste,'
was the son and scholar of Jean Baptiste Monnoyer,
and painted still-life and flower-pieces in the style
of his father, which, though not destitute of merit,
were greatly inferior to his. He became a mem-
ber of the Academy in Paris in 1704.

MONNOYER, Jean Baptiste, (or Monoyeb,)
called Baptiste, a flower painter, was born at Lisle
in 1636. He studied at Antwerp, and for some
time applied himself to historical painting; but
aftei-wards took to painting flowers and fruit. He
went young to Paris, and in 1663 was received
into the Academy with distinction. He was em-
ployed by Le Brun in ornamenting the palaces
of Versailles, Trianon, Marly, Vincennes, and
Meudon. This flattering encouragement did not
prevent him from accepting the invitation of the
Duke of Montague, then our ambassador to France,
to accompany him to England. His first per-
formances were several pictures of flowers and
fruit, for the embellishment of Montague House,
afterwards the British Mugeum, which were among
the finest of his works. During a residence of nearly
twenty years in London he painted an immense
number of pictures, which decorate the mansions
of the nobility and the collections of individuals.
He exercised his talent at Burlington House, at
Lord Carlisle's, at Hampton Court, at the Duke of
St. Alban's, at Windsor, at Keddleston Hall, and at
Kensington Palace, where he painted a looking-
glass for Queen Mary 11., and flower and fruit
pieces for Queen Anne. He also etched a few
plates from his own designs, representing vases
with flowers, which are executed in a tasteful and
spirited style. Others have been engraved to the
number of eighty, forming a folio volume. He
died in London in 1699.

MONNOYER,. Jean Baptists, called Baptiste
LE Romain, was a French historical painter of the
17th century. He was received into the Academy
in 1648, and is supposed to have been related to
the better known artist of the same name.

MONOSILIO, Salvature, was born .at Messina
about the year 1700, and studied at Rome under
Sebastiano Conca, whose style he followed. There

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 43 of 201)