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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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them a set of nineteen views of Heemstede, in
the province of Utrecht, from his own designs.
We have also the following, by him :

A set of four Views of Gardens, with Buildings and
Figures, inscribed J. Moucheron inv.pinx. a fee.

Another set of four Views of Gardens and Buildings,

inscribed J. Moucheron inv. etfec.
Tenlandscapes, with Figures; after Gaspard Pmssin;

inscribed Emige Zandschapen, gescheldert door O

■Poussm, ^c.

MOUCHET, Francois Nicolas, a French painter,
was born at Gray, in Franche-Comt^, in 1750. He
was a pupil of Greuze, and devoted himself chiefly
to miniature painting. He died in 1814.

MOUCHY, Martin de, a French engraver, was
born in Paris in 1746. He was a pupil of Augus-
tin de St. Aubine, and engraved several plates for
the booksellers ; among which are sixteen prints
for the ' History of Telemachus,' after the designs
of Monnet and Cochin. We have also the following
by him :

A pair of Views in the environs of Triel ; after Hackert.

A View of Marienberg, near Stockholm ; after the same.

Another View in Sweden ; after the same.

MOUNT, Shepard Alonzo, painter, born in 1804
at Setanket, Long Island. Member of the National
Academy of Design, New York, in 1842. Died in
1868. His best pictures are a portrait of Admiral
Bailey, U. S. N., and a portrait of himself, now in
the possession of the National Academy.

MOUNT, William Sidney, painter, brother of
the above, was born at Setanket, Long Island, in
1806. At the age of seventeen he was apprenticed
to his brother, a sign-painter in New York. In
1826 he went to the school of the Academy of
Design, and in 1820 produced his first picture, a
portrait of himself. In 1829 he established him-
self in New York as a portrait painter, and painted
several humorous scenes and scenes of negro life.
In 1832 he was elected a member of the National
Academy. His ' Bargaining for a Horse ' is in the
possession of the New York Historical Societj'.
He died at Setanket in 1868.

MOUZIJN, Michael, (or Mosin,) a Dutch en-
graver, was born at Amsterdam about the year
1630. He endeavoured to unite the point with the
graver in the execution of his plates, but with no
great success. We have, among others, the fol-
lowing prints by him :


Jacob van Wassenaer, Admiral of Holland.

Michael Euyter, Dutch Admiral ; after H.vanAldewereld.

Cornells de Witte, Pensionary of Holland ; after the

Jan van Galen, Admiral of Holland ; after J. Lievens.


Venus sleeping ; after J. At Backer.

The Four Elements under the empire of Venus ; after

C. Holsteyn.
A Satyr presenting a Bunch of Grapes to a Woman and

Child ; after the same.

MOYA, Pedro de, a Spanish painter, was born
at Granada in 1610. He was for some time a dis-
ciple of Juan del Castillo at Seville. A desire to
see the works of Rubens and other distinguished
painters of the Flemish school induced him to
enlist as a foot-soldier in the army of Flanders and
visit Antwerp, where he was particularly captivated
with the works of Van Dyck, who was at that time
in England. He resolved on visiting London, for
the purpose of becoming his pupil, but his inten-
tions were frustrated by the death of Van Dyck
within six months after Moya arrived in England.
He returned to Spain, where Murillo, who was
then about twenty-four, profited by his experience
and advice. He ultimately settled at Granada,





where he painted several pictures for the churches,
of which tlie most esteemed is an altar-piece of
the ' Conception,' in the church of Nuestra Senora
de Gracia. He died at Granada in 1666. Other
paintings by him are ;

Granada. Cathedral. Madonna and Child; also a
„ Trinity Conv. Legend.s of St. John de Mata.
„ S. Anustino. St. Alypius adoring the Virgin.
Madrid. ' Museo. The History of Joseph (in six

Pesth. GalUry. His own portrait.

Vienna. Czernin Coll. A male portrait.

MOYREAU, Jean, a French engraver, was born
at Orleans in 1690. He studied painting under
Boullongne, but soon devoted his time to engraving.
He came to Paris, and in 1738 was admitted into
L'Academie Royale, with the uncommon distinc-
tion that he was not required to engrave a portrait
according to the rules. His principal works are
his plates after Philips Wouwerman, consisting of
eighty-nine prints. He engraved various prints
after other masters, among which are the following :

Eebecca receiving the Servant of Abraham ; after Paolo

Veronese ; for the * Crozat Gallery.'
The Kesurrection of Lazarus ; after Bon de Boullongne.
The Parting of Hector and Andromache ; after the same.
Bacchus and Ariadne ; tfter the same.
A Halt of Hunters ; after Van Valens.
A Hunting Rendezvous ; after the same.

(The last two plates were engraved for his reception
into the Academy in 1736, and are among his best

A Sea-port ; after Claude.

TiSl Partie Garree ; after Watteau.

A "Waterfall ; after the same.

Of his best prints after Wouwerman may be men-
tioned those entitled :

Le Golombier du Mar^cbal.
La grande Chasse a I'oiseau.
La Fontaine du Dauphin.
La Fontaine de Neptune.

There was another French engraver, J. A. M. or
M. A. M. Moyreau, who engraved some plates
between 1761 and 1770. It is supposed he was a
son of Jean Moyreau.

MOZART, Anton, was a landscape painter who
worked from about 1595 to 1624 at Augsburg.
There remain of his works :

Augsburg. Gallery. The Miracle of the Loaves. 1624.

Berlin. Roy. Coll. Four landscapes on copper — the

Four Elements (in the style of
Jan Brueghel and D. Vinclse-
booms). 1606.

MOZIN, Charles Louis, was born in Paris in
1806, and studied under Xavior Leprince. He
was a successful painter of sea-pieces, towns, and
genre subjects. He died in 1862. There are by him :

The Entrance to the Harbour of F6camp.
A View of Utrecht.
Coast Scene in Normandy.

MUCCI, Giovanni Feancesco, a nephew and
pupil of Guercino. He is said to have engraved
some plates.

MUCCIOLI, Baktolommeo and Benedetto,
father and son, who were painting at Urbino to-
wards the end of the 15th century. They were
apparently natives of Ferrara. A picture signed
' lienedictus quondam Bartolommi de Fer. Pictor,
1492,' is described by Lanzi as being " in the chapel


of the Muccioli, their descendants," in S. Domenico,
at Urbino.

MUCKE, Heinrich Kabl Anton, painter, de-
signer, and etcher, was born at Breslau, April 9th,
1806. In 1824 he was a student at the Berlin
Academy, and in 1826 a scholar under W. Schadow,
at Diisseldorf. While still very young he painted
a series of frescoes in the Scbloss Heltorf, near
Diisseldorf, which dealt with the career of the
Emperor Barbarossa. In 1833-4 he travelled in
Italy and Sicily, and in 1850 he paid a visit to
England. In 1844 he became Professor of Anatomy
in the Diisseldorf Academy. He painted numerous
altar-pieces and historical pictures, and was also
active as an illustrator and etcher. Among his
better works we may name the following :

The Apotheosis of St. Catherine. {Nat. Gal. Berlin.)

The Repulse of Theodosius by Saint Ambrose.

Saint Elizabeth as the Almsgiver.

Dante reading the ' Divine Comedy.'

The Eesurreetion of Christ.

Frescoes in the Andreaskirche, Diisseldorf.

The Storming of Jerusalem by Godfrey de Bouillon.

The Introduction of Christianity into Wupperthal.

{Prieze in the Rathhaus, Elherfeld.)
Coronation of the Virgin. (Frauenwaldmi.)
Christ on the Cross. (Marienbad.)
The Good Shepherd. {Kaiserswerth.)
Frescoes for Pr. Anton of Hohenzollem-Sigmaringen.

MUDO, El. See Navabrete.

MUELENBRB, Govaekt de. A painter of this
name was at work at Tournai about 1460, in com-
pany with Jacob Daret.

MUGELLO, Del. See Fiesole, Bened. da.

MUHLIG, Meno, a German painter, was born at
Eibenstock, April 8, 1823. He was a pupil, at
Dresden, of Julius Hiibner. He painted scenes
chiefly from German history in the 17th century.
In the Dresden Gallery there is a picture by him of
' Monks returning from a pilgrimage attacked in the
snow by robber knights.' Muhlig died June 8, 1873.

MUHR,- JuLicjs, born at Pless, Silesia, in 1819,
studied first at the Academy of Berlin, in 1838 at
that of Munich under Cornelius, and worked at the
Berlin wall-paintings under Kaulbach from 1847
to 1853. He went to Rome in 1852, and painted
for the prelate Lichnowsky a ' Mass in the Sixtine
Chapel.' Subsequently he spent almost every
winter at Rome. until 1858, returning periodically
to Berlin ; but finally he settled at Munich, where
he died in 1865. He painted portraits of Overbeok,
Schlick, Lichnowsky, Ludwig II. of Bavaria, &c.
We may also name :

A Siesta of Monks.

A Monk playing.

A Gipsy Family.

A Struggle with Gipsies.

Job's Friends. 1861.


MUIJLTJES, Aeyaen, an obscure painter of
Haarlem, who entered the Guild in 1640, and died
in 1649.

MULARD, FEANgois Henri, a mediocre painter
of the French school, who wor'-ed in the style of
David. At Versailles there is ' Francis I. on the
eve of the Battle of Marignano,' by him.

MULDER, Joseph, an engraver at Amsterdam,
who was a pupil of Hendrik Bogaart. His plates
are dated from 1694 to 1737. Among them are :

The title-page to the ' Pictura Veterum ' of F. Junius ;

after A. -van der TVerf. Rotterdam. 1694.
One in G. de Lairesse's Drawing-Book.




Views of Gunterstein. " J. Mulder ad vivum del. et

The portraits of Galileo, Johannes Secundus, &c.

MULICH, Hans, miscalled Mielich, was born
at Muiiich in 1515. He was a portrait painter of
merit, and also painted history in the manner of
the Bolognese. His portraits are rare ; the Munich
Gallery has two, one dated 1540; and they are
occasionally seen in the private collections of
Germany. Miilich also painted miniatures witli
some skill. He held for a time the post of court
painter to Duke Albert V. of Bavaria. He died in
1572 in his native city. Among his remaining
works we find :

Ingolstadt. Frauen- \ The Altar-piece, representing
kircAe. / Scenes in the Life of Jesus and
Munich. Frauenkirche. A Copy of Michelangelo's ' Last
J, „ The Passion.

„ Old Pinalcothek. Portraits of a Man and a Woman.
„ State Library. The Treasures of Albrecht V , in

,_ „ Orlando di Lasso's septem Psalmi

poenitentiales, in miniatures.
^, „ The Motets of the musician Cip-

rian de Rore, in miniature.
Eatishon. Serr Kran- \ The Portrait of a Woman with

ner's. J her little Daughter.
Vienna. Portrait of a Man of Hermann


In conjunction with Christoph Zwikopf he pub-
lished a very large woodcut in five plates, treating
of events near Ingolstadt in the time of the

MULIER, or Db Mulieeibus. See Molyn.

MULINARI, Giovanni Antonio, called II Cak-
KACOINO, was born at Savigliano, Piedmont, in
1577. His best paintings are at his native place,
but there is also one at Turin, in San Dalmasio,
representing the ' Deposition from the Cross.'
Though called ' II Carraccino,' his style bore no
relationship to that of the Carracci. He died in

MULINARI, MiCHELB de, a native of Milan, who
flourished in the 14th and 15th centuries. He
studied at Florence under Agnolo Gaddi, and be-
came director of the Academy at Milan in 1366.

MULINARI, Stefano, (or Molinaei,) was an
Italian engraver, known for his numerous' prints
after drawings by the early Italian masters. He
was bom at Florence about 1741, and was a pupil
of A. Scacciati, whom he assisted in a series of
engravings after the most beautiful drawings in
the Florentine Collection. Foity-one only were
executed during Scacciati's life ; the remaining
fifty-nine were engraved entirely by Mulinari.
These were succeeded in 1775 by a series of fifty
prints after drawings of the earliest masters, from
Cimabue to Pietro Perugino, under the title ' Istoria
pratioa dell' Incominciapiento e Progress! della
Pittura.' This was followed in 1780 by a, still
more interesting work on the great Italian schools
of painting up to Francesco Rustici, ' Saggio delle
cinque Scuole di Pittura Italiana.' Mulinari died
near the close of the 18th century, aged about fifty-
five. Among the above-mentioned works are four
after Leonardo da Vinci, five after Michelangelo,
twenty-two after Raphael, eight after Giulio
Romano, six after Polidoro da Caravaggio, twenty-
six after Parmigiano, five after Daniele da Volterra,
eight after Barocci, seven after Giulio Cesare Pro-
caccini, three after Guido, three after Andrea
Saochi, thirteen after Guercino, and many others.

Nagler gives a list of about 200 of them in his
' Kiinstler-Lexicon.'

MULLENER, Johann Karl, called Mullee,
was a Swiss painter of landscapes, born at Gesse-
nay, in the canton of. Berne, in 1768. He was his
own instructor, but went early to Italy, and after
having stayed some time with Angiolini at Serra-
vezza, he established himself at Florence, where
he died in 1832. His landscapes, mostly Italian
scenes, are picturesque and lively.

MULLER, Achilles, a painter chiefly on glass,
who was employed by the King of Poland and by
the Elector of Bavaria between 1580 and 1616.
He was a native of Munich.

MULLER, Adam August, painter and etcher,
was born at Copenhagen in 1811. He was first
instructed by Eokersberg, and studied for a time
at the Academy of his native city, till he afterwards
visited Italy, where he stayed from 1839 to 1841.
He first painted genre and history, but afterwards
scenes from the Bible and portraits. He died at
Copenhagen in 1844. There are by him :
Copenhagen. Thorwald- \ Christ with the Four Evangel-
sett Museum. ) ists.
„ Ch. of the Holy 1 j^^j^jjg^ ^f. ^.jjg ]3jgt j,f ^orms.

Spirit. j
„ iJoy. Coll. The Prodigal Son.

He etched several plates, among which may be
mentioned :

A Man's Head.

Two Angels hovering.

MULLER, Balthasab, a painter, who in 1522-4
assisted Hans von Kalba in painting and gilding
the reliefs in the church at Annaberg. ■

MULLER, Dr. Feanz Hubert, painter, engraver,
and writer on art, was born at Bonn in 1784. He first
studied jurisprudence, but devoted himself after-
wards to painting and engraving. After having
been several times at Frankfort, AschafEenburg,
Eisenach, and Cassel, he became court painter to
the Prince of Waldeck in 1807, and did much good
work for him. Subsequently he visited Hamburg,
Moscow, and St. Petersburg, and then settled at
Frankfort. In 1817 he became inspector of the
Gallery at Darmstadt. He painted portraits and
history, and for his work in St. Catherine's Church
at Oppenheim he obtained the title of doctor.
He died in 1835.

MULLER, Feiedkich, called 'Painter Miiller'
and 'Devil's Miiller' (from his having painted
demoniacal scenes in the latter period of his life),
was born at Kreuznach in 1760. He was in-*
structed in art at Mannheim, after which he be-
came court painter and etcher at Zweibriicken, and
in 1778 went to Rome, where he imitated the style
of Michelangelo, and died in 1825. He was
also a poet and an art critic. Two of his best
paintings are, 'Cupid with Doves,' and ' Ulysses
calling up the Shade of Ajax.' Of his etchings
may be named :

Three Jews.

Niobe with Two Children.

Three Sheep's Heads.

MULLER, Feiedeich, a painter, was born at
Kirchditmold, near Cassel, in 1801. His works
are more concerned with colour than was usual in
his time in Germany. He was a professor in the
Cassel Academy. He retired into private life in


MULLER, Feiedeich, a painter, was born at
Cassel in 1811. He lived much in Italy, but his





sojourn tliere did not have the effect upon his style
that might have been expected. His best picture
is a ' Wooded landscape with Knights at a meal.'
He died in Munich, May 30, 1859.

MULLER, G. A., was born at Vienna about the
year 1700. He was a contemporary of Andreas
and Joseph Schmutzer, and in conjunction with
them executed a part of the plates to the ' Life of
Decius,' from the designs by Eubens,in the posses-
sion of the Prince of Liechtenstein. We have also
the following portraits by him :

Prince Ludwig, Count von Sintzendorf, Minister of

Jacob van Schuppen, Director of the Academy at

The two Ohildren of Kubens ; from the picture by that
master in the Liechtenstein Collection.

The date of his death is not known, but it occurred
after 1762.

MULLER, Heineich Kael, bom at Strasburg in
1784, was an engraver, and instructed by Ch.
Gu6rin. His best plate is ' Psyche,' after Prud'hon.
He obtained several medals, was a member of the
Academy at Berlin, and a Knight of the Legion of
Honour. He died in Paris in 1846.

MULLER, Hermann, is said by Huber to have
been a native of Amsterdam, though he resided
the greater part of his life at Antwerp, where he
engraved several plates, in conjunction with Cor-
nells Cort, for Jerome Cook. He flourished about
the year 1585, and is supposed to have been a dis-
ciple of the two artists named, and to have studied
afterwards in Italy. The plates of Hermann
Mijller are executed entirely with the graver, in
the laboured, formal style which distinguished the
Flemish school at that period. In conjunction
with the Galles, the Sadelers, and others, he en-
graved several subjects from the Bible, after Van
der Straet, Martin de Vos, and other masters. We
have also the following by him :

The Fates ; after Cornelis van Haarlem.

The Death of Cleopatra ; aftet^ the same.

The Four Cardinal "Virtues ; after Martin Heemskerk.

The Ten Commandments ; after the same.

A set of seven plates of the Creation ; after B. Goltzius.

The Death of Lucretia ; after Cornelis Ketel.

MULLER, Hermann Martin Cheistoffer,
painter, was born at Hamburg, in 1806. He was
a pupil of Siegfried Bendixen, but in 1828 was
a student in the Munich Academy. The subjects
of his pictures were mostly taken from the
Nibelungenlied. He died at Munich in 1837.

MULLER, Jacob, is the name afBxed to the
"frontispiece and plans in a book on Gardening,
from the designs of Georg Hatzel, published at
Augsburg by Jeremiah Wolf. The same engraver
produced some landscapes in the style of Perelle.

MULLER, Jan, an engraver, is supposed to
have been of the same family with Hermann Miiller.
He was born at Amsterdam about the year 1570,
and was a disciple of Hendrik Goltzius, whose style
he followed with enthusiasm. His last works are
dated 1625. He engraved several portraits, which
are highly esteemed. The following are among
his most admired works :


Bartholomaus Spranger, Painter ; ./. ab Ach pznx.

Maurice, Prince of Orange ; after Mierevelt.

Jan Neyen, of Antwerp, his hand resting on a skull ;

aftei' the same.
Ambrose Spinola ; after the same.
Albert, Archduke of Austria ; after Mubcns.

Isabella, Infanta of Spain ; after the same.
Christian IV. King of Denmark ; after P. Isaacsz.


The Baptism of Christ.

An Ecce Homo, with angels.

Belshazzar'e feast ; fine and rare.

The Adoration of the Magi; fine and rare.


Hagar in the Desert, comforted by an Angel.

Lot and his Daughters.

The Nativity ; J. Miiller sad. 1606.

The Holy Family, with two Angels.

Venus and the Graces.

Venus, Bacchus, and Ceres.

A Satyr taking a Thorn from the Foot of a Faun.

Venus and Mercury.

Perseus armed by Minerva and Mercury ; one of his

finest plates.
Cupid and Psyche.
The Apotheosis of the Arts.
Fortune distributing her Gifts.


The Raising of Lazarus ; after Ah. BloewMert.

Cain slaying Abel ; after Cornells van Haarlem.

The Eape of the Sabines ; after the sculpture of A. de

Mercury and Pandora ; after the same.
Thg Martyrdom of St. Sebastian ; after J. van Aachen ;


MULLER, Johann Baptist, born at Geratsried
in Bavaria, in 1809, was a painter of history, and
attended the Academy at Munich, where he studied
under Konrad Eberhard and H. Hess. He assisted
the latter of these in his frescoes in All Saints'
Chapel, and in the decoration of the Basilica ; and
with Fiihrich he in 1837 executed the works on the
Laurentiusberg at Prague. From 1842 to 1849 he
was occupied with glass-painting. His altar-pieces
and easel-pictures are to he met with at Obertin-
gen, Erkheim, Scheideck, and Kosching near Ingol-
stadt. His best picture is ' St. Jerome on the Ruins
of Jerusalem. ' He died at Munich in 1869. Many
of his works have been lithographed and printed
in colours.

MULLER, Johann Christian Ernst, engraver,
was born at Troistedt, in the Grand Duchy of
Weimar. He studied under Lips, at Zurich, and .
in 1820 became professor in the drawing school at
Weimar. He died in 1824. Works :

Profile portrait of Bonaparte as First Consul.
Portrait of the Grand Duke of "Weimar.
Portrait of the Emperor Alexander I. of Kussia.

M'ULLER, Johann Friedeich Wilhelm, son of
Johann Gotthard von Miiller, was born at Stutt-
gart in 1782. He was carefully educated by his
father in all the branches of art essential to con-
stitute an excellent engraver ; and in 1802 he mi-
grated to Paris to complete his studies. In 1805
Miiller engraved the Crown Prince of Wiirtem-
herg's portrait, and ' St. John about to write his
Revelation,' after Domenichino, in which the eagle
brings him his pen ; and ' Adam and Eve under
Temptation,' after Raphael. In 1809 he went
to Italy, and on his return became engraver to the
court at Stuttgart, and in 1814 professor of engrav-
ing at Dresden. There he was commissioned by
Rittner, a printseller, to engrave his last and
greatest plate, the Madonna di San Sisto of Raphael
in the Dresden Gallery. He was occupied for the
remainder of his life on this plate, which he just
lived to complete) but he never saw a finished




print from it. His existence seems to have been
almost wrapped up in its execution ; he was oc-
cupied with it day and night ; and being of a
sickly constitution, the infallible result of such
constant application and excitement soon made its
appearance. He completed the plate and sent it
to Paris to be printed ; but with it the artificial
excitement which supported him departed also:
he had just strength enough left to admit of his
being carried to the Sonnenstein, near Pima, where
he died May 3, 1816, only a few days before the
proof of his plate arrived from Paris. It was sus-
pended over the head of his bier as he lay dead.
This plate was retouched in 1827. J. F. Miiller
engraved only eighteen plates, but the Madonna di
San Sisto is in itself a host ; his other works are
nearly all portraits.

engraver, was born at Bernhausen, in the duchy of
Wurtemberg, in 1747. He was favoured with the
protection of the Duke Karl Eugen, by whose aid
he for six years studied painting and design, and
was sent to Paris in 1770, where he became a pupil
of J. G. Wille, and began to engrave. His talents
procured him his reception into the Academy in
Paris in 1776. He soon afterwards returned to
Stuttgart, where, by order of the duke, he founded
an Academy of Design, of which he was a pro-
fessor during 1776-94, and subsequently director.
He was awarded the Wiirtemberg Order of the
Crown in 1818, and was a member of the Acade-
mies of Berlin, Copenhagen, Munich, and Vienna.
He died at Stuttgart in 1830. His engraving of
the ' Madonna della Seggiola, executed in 1804 for
the Mus^e Frangais, is considered by many persons
superior to that of Raphael Morghen of the same
subject. We have by him several plates, engraved
in the style of his instructor, among which are the
following ;


Louis XVI. full-length; after Duplessis; one of his

finest plates.
Jean George 'Wille, Engraver ; after Greuie.
Louis Galloche, Painter ; engraved tor his reception into

the Academy.
Louis Lerambert, Sculptor to the King of "Wiirtemberg.
Augustus Gottlieb Spanganberg ; A. Graff pinx.
F. Schiller ; after the same.


Oeres ; after Golizius.

The Nymph Brigone ; after Jollain.

A Lady playing on the Guitar ; after P. A. Wille.

Lot and his Daughters ; after Gerard Honthorst.

A subject from the Lite of Alexander ; after G. Flinch.

The Battle of Bunker's Hill; after John Trumbull.

La Madonna della Seggiola ; after Baphael.
St. Cecilia ; after Domerdchino.
St. Catharine, with two Angels; after Leonardo da

The Virgin ; after Spada.
The tender Mother ; after Tisehbein.

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