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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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acknowledge that on this occasion Lanfranco sur-
passed himself. In wrestling with so formidable
an antagonist, he assembled and put forth all his
powers. This celebrated work represents the
' Virgin seated in the Clouds, contemplating the
figure of our Saviour,' which is in the upper part of
the composition ; on one side are St. Peter and St.
Gaetan ; and on the other, St. Andrew and other
Saints, the principal light emanates from a lumin-
ous glory surrounding the body of Christ, and
spreads itself in tender and harmonious sufEusion
over the whole composition. The grandeur of the
arrangement, the boldness of the design, the
admirable disposition of the groupsj. and the
intrepid daring of the ' di sotto in su,' rank this
performance among the most extraordinary
achievements of the art of that description, after
Correggio's cupola at Parma. The increasing fame
of Lanfranco spread to Naples, whither he was
invited, in 1646, to paint the cupola of San Gen-
naro, which occupied him a year and a; half; he
there depicted the 'Ascension of the Virgin,' with
a countless host of Saints. This great work has
been destroyed by an earthquake, except the
angles; which remain. In the church of San
Martino also he decorated the cupola with ' The
Ascension,' the Apostles, and the Miracles of
Christ. Lanfranco was at Naples when Domem-
chino was engaged to paint the cupola of the
Treasury, in which he had made considerable pro-
gress when the cabals of Lanfranco and some of
the Neapolitan artists occasioned the work to be
suspended. After the death of Domenichino, Lan-
franco was employed to finish it: he destroyed
all that had been done except the angles, which
are still the admiration of the intelligent observer,










Jf^at. Gallery.

and loudly proclaim the transcendent superiority
of their author over his malevolent competitor.
The troubles which soon after took place at Naples
occasioned Lanfranco to return to Rome during the
pontificate of Urban VIII., who employed him to
paint a picture for the basilica of St. Peter, repre-
senting that apostle walking on the sea, which has
been engraved by Gerard Audran ; and in a series
of pictures of the 'Passion of Christ,' for the
chapel of the Crucifix. These productions were so
much to the satisfaction of the Pope that he con-
ferred on the painter the order of knighthood. The
last works of Lanfranco were his pictures in the
tribune of San Carlo ai Catinari, and they are the
feeblest of his performances. He died at Rome in
1647. The following are some of his principal
pictures :

St. John the Baptist.
Mary Magdalene.
The Finding of Moses.
Head of a young Man.
Gallery. The Repentance of St. Peter.
„ „ Four old Magicians.

Edinburgh. Sat. Gallery. St. Christopher.
Uffizi. The Magdalene.
., His own Portrait.
FUti Palace. The Martyrdom of St. Margaret
of Cortona.
Head of Saint.
St. Peter and St. Jude.
The Burial of Julius Csesar.
Banquet of the Patricians.
„ A Eomau Sea-Fight.

„ Consulting the Auspices.

„ Roman Soldiers receiving

Gallery. The Angel visiting Hagar.
„ Mater Dolorosa.

Christ on the Mount of Olives.

Frescoes in the cupola.

The Pool of Bethesda. (Fresco.)


Virgin glorified, rescuing a

Hermiuia with the Shepherds.

The Glory of the Blessed.
Louvre. Hagar in the Desert.
„ St. Peter.

„ The Separation of St. Peter

and St. Paul by the Soldiers.
Christ surrounded by Saints.
Death of St. Alexis.

[ Fresooesi


History of Moses.
The Last Supper.
St. Peter succouring St. Agnes.
The Deliverance of St. Peter.
St. Peter.

Virgin and Child appearing to

St. Paul and Si. Anthony.

There are several etchings by this master, which

are executed in a slight, spirited manner. The

following are by him, and they are variously signed,

L. F., Gio L., Gio Lafo, Giovanni la, etc. :

Twenty-eight plates of Biblical subjects ; after Raphael.

The Messengers of Moses returning from the Land of

An Emperor haranguing his Soldiers.
Part of the plates engraved conjointly with Sisto
Badalocchio, from Raphael's Paintings in the Vatican.
LANG, Gboro Jakob, a painter of Nuremberg,
was born about 1680. He painted historical sub-
jects, and landscapes with animals. He became
director of the Art Academy of Nuremberg, and
died in 1740.








S. Martino.

S. Chidra.

S. Andrea della ]
S. Agostino.

„ Corsini Palace.

„ ColonTia Palace.

Stockholm. (rallery.





LANG, MORITZ, a German engraver, flourished
about 1670. He chiefly resided at Vienna, and
Was much employed by the booksellers, for whom
he engraved a number of frontispieces, book-
plates, and portraits, of which the last were the
best. He worked with the graver, and executed
several of the plates for Priorato's ' History of the
Emperor Leopold.'

LANGE, Angb Louis Janet. See Janet

L'ANGE, FRANgois, who -was bom at Anneoy
in Savoy, in 1676, was a pupil of Andr6 Cheville
at Turin, where he was much patronized. He also
painted with much success at Bologna, where he
joined the Society of St. Philip Neri in 1735, and
died in 1756. His* chief merit, as an artist, was
in small Scriptural pieces, which Lanzi saw at
Vercelli, and of which he speaks in terms of

LANGE, Ekiedrich, a German painter of Scrip-
tural subjects, was born at Plau, in Mecklenburg,
in 1834, and painted under the influence of
Cornelius. His ' Christ on the Cross ' and ' Faith,
Love, and Hope ' are in the Schwerin Gallery. Hs
died at Strassburg in 1875.

LANGE, Jan Hendrik, was a Flemish historical
painter, who was a pupil of Van Dyck, and died at
Brussels in 1671.

LANGE, Joseph, an Austrian painter, was born
at Wurzburg in 1751. On the death of his father
he went to Vienna in 1767,. and attended the Art
School. He was better known as an actor, and
painted several portraits of dramatic celebrities.
He died at Vienna in 1831.

LANGE, Julius, was bom at Darmstadt in
1817. He was instructed in the rudiments of art
by Miiller, the Inspector of the Gallery, and at the
age of fifteen he made designs for a work of his
brother Ludwig, entitled ' Views of the Chief
Towns in Germany,' which was published at
Darmstadt in 1834. In this year he went to
Munich, and studied historical painting at the
Academy. In 1835 he went to Diisseldorf, and
visited Switzerland with J. W. Schirmer. In
1840 Rottmann persuaded him to return to Mnnich,
where he became highly esteemed for his mountain
landscapes. In 1854 he visited Upper Italy, wliere
he made a number of sketches for the Academy of
Venice, of which he was made a member. In

1857 he was appointed drawing-master to the
Archduchess Charlotte, Empress of Mexico. In

1858 he entered the service of King Maximilian of
Bavaria, and in 1867 was appointed court painter
to Louis II. He was a famous draughtsman in
crayons. He died at Munich in 1878. Some of
his principal works are :

Landscape in Upper Italy.

Two Views of the Gossau Lake. {Neie Pinakoihek,

View near Partenkirchen. (The same.)
The Goll.
TVatzmaun in the Tyrol.

LANGE, LiiDWiQ, born at Darmstadt in 1808,
was an architect and painter. He studied land-
scape painting under Rottmann, with whom he
visited Greece, where he stayed three years as
master of design at Athens. He executed a series
of Greek landscapes which are of considerable
merit. He died at Munich in 1868.

LANGE, S0REN L/ESS0E, a Danish painter, was
born at Faaborg, in the island of Funen, in 1760.
He entered the Academy at Copenhagen in 1781,


and his merit was deservedly rewarded with several
medals of the Academy, and the gold medal of
the court. His landscapes and portraits are dis-
tinguished for their beauty. He also etched on.
copper. He died in 1828.

LANGE JAN. See Bockhorst, Johann von.

LANGE PEER. See Aartsen.

LANGENDYK, Dirk, born at Rotterdam in
1748, was a scholar of D. A. Bisschop. He
designed and painted combats and battles, in the
composition of which he showed extraordinary
skill. He depicted the passions with great truth,
and gave to the smallest details of his subject the
highest degree of finish. His drawings are par-
ticularly admired, and some of his landscapes with
cows and horses have been engraved. His paint-
ings in oil are not numerous ; they are, like his
drawings, skirmishes and battles, by sea and land.
In the Rotterdam Museum are pictures of 'A
Camp,' ' A Cavalry Charge,' and ' A Wounded
General,' and twenty-one etchings. He died at
Rotterdam in 1805.

LANGENDYK, Jan Antonie, son of Dirk
Langendyk, was born at Rotterdam in 1780. He
went a voyage to St. Domingo, but afterwards
returned to his own country, where he lived suc-
cessively at Rotterdam, The Hague, Brussels, and
Amsterdam, at which latter place he died in 1818.
He painted in the style of his father, and has left
some good engravings.

LANGENHOPFEL, Johann Joseph, was born
at Diisseldorf in 1750. After receiving his educa-
tion in his native city, he made several etchings
after the Italian masters, in which he displayed
great proficiency. He became court painter at
Mannheim, and afterwards director of the Gallery
at Vienna, where he died in 1807. Among his
historical paintings and portraits are:

The Rape of the Sabines.
Venus binding Cupid apprentice to Eiou.
Portrait of the Emperor Leopold II.
Portrait of Augusta Wilbelmina, Queen of Bavaria.
His etchings are entitled :
' Eecueil des Dessins graves d'apres les fameux Maitres
k Diisseldorf,' 1780.

LANGER, Johann Peter von, was born at
Caloum, near Diisseldorf, in 1766. He studied at
the Diisseldorf Academy under Krahe, and became
professor in 1784, and director in 1789 ; as well as
director of the Gallery. He visited Holland and
Paris, and was afterwards appointed director of
the Academy, which was founded at that time at
Munich. He died at Munich in 1824. He was
the follower of a stifE classicism, and though his
religious and historical subjects are of excellent
colouring, his compositions are cold and too
studied. Many of his works are in the Gallery at
Schleissheim. Among his best paintings are :

Six subjects from the fable of Psyche. (A Saloon at

'Let the Little Children come unto Me.' (School-Chapel
at Munich.)

Portrait of Queen Theresa of Bavaria.

There are fifty-six etchings by him, of which the
most important are :

Mercury cutting off the Head of Argus ; afier Annihale

The Saviour with the Apostles ; after Marc-Antonio.

The same subject ; after his own design,

LANGER, Robert von, a German historical
painter, born at Diisseldorf in 1783, was instructed
by his father Johann Peter von Langer, whom he




accompanied to Paris, from whence he went
afterwards to Italy, arid stayed there one year.
On liis return to Munich he became professor of
the Academy in 1806 ; in 1827, director of the
Royal Cabinet of Design ; and in 1841, director
of the Central Gallery. He executed a series of
pen and ink drawings for Dante's ' Divina
Coramedia.' He died at Haidhausen in 1846.
Among his paintings are :
Haidhausen. Duke Mao:- 1 ^^^^^^^_

tmiUans. )
Munich. Ducal Palace. Frescoes.

„ Frauenkinhe. The Descent from the Cross.


„ Hospital Church. The Seven Works of Mercy.

Schleissheim. Gallery. The Education of Bacchus.

„ „ The Entombment.

„ „ The Adoration of the Kings.

„ „ Madonna, St. Gordianas and


Stuttgart. Gallery. Virgil leading Dante into Hell .

Among his best etchings is that of ' St. Jerome,'
after Correggio.

LANGER, Sebastian, an Austrian engraver, was
born at Troppau in 1772, and was educated in the
Academy of Vienna. The year of his death is not
known. He worked chiefly for the booksellers,
though he also executed some plates, among which
were :

The Eeturn of the Prodigal ; after Batoni.

The Quack ; after G. Dou.

The Old Jew ; after Hoogstraeten.

St. Francis ; after Garracci.

The Prophet Isaiah ; after Raphael..

The Dentist ; after I, van Ostade.

LANGETTI, Giovanni Battista, was born at
Genoa in 1635. He was first a scholar of Pietro
da Cortona, but afterwards studied under Giovanni
Francesco Cassana. Although celebrated by the
,poet Boschini, his powers appear to have been
chiefly confined to heads and busts of old men,
of which there are many in private collections in
the Venetian States,' and in Lombardy. Lanzi
notices a picture by him of ' The Crucifixion,' in
the church of Santa Teresa at Genoa. In the
Dresden Gallery is a picture of ' The Punishment
of Marsyas,' and in the Brunswick Gallery is one
of 'Archimedes.' He died at Venice in 1676.

LANGEVELT, Rutgee van, was born at Nym-
wegen in 1635, and was a pupil of the Academy of
that town. Frederick William, Elector of Branden-
burg, sent for him to Berlin, where he appointed
him painter, architect, and mathematician to the
court, and director of the Academy. In the Court
House at Nymwegen is a historical picture by this
artist. He died at Berlin in 1695. He had a son
Wilhelm, who was a portrait painter at Berlin.

LANGJAN, Rbmigius, a painter of the 17th
century, was one of the best pupils of Van Dyck.
In the Vienna Gallery is a picture by him of ' Herse
going with her sisters to the Temple of Minerva.'
He died in 1670, or 1671.

LANGLACB, Jean Baptistb Gabriel, a French
landscape painter, was bom in Paris in 1786. He
exhibited at the Salon from 1817 to 1845, and also
painted upon porcelain at the manufactory at
Sevres. He died at Versailles in 1864.

LANGLEY, Thomas, a brother of Batty Langley
the architect, resided in London during the first
part of the last century. There are some plates of
antiquities by him, and he published, in conjunc-
tion with his brother, several works on Gothic

VOL. 11.

architecture, with the plates designed and engraved
by himself. He died in 1751.

LAN6L0IS, Charles, a battle and panorama
painter, was born at Beaumont, Calvados, in 1789.
He first attended the Polytechnic School, and after-
wards studied under Girodet, Gros, and Horace
Vemet. He travelled in Algeria and the Crimea,
and died in Paris in 1870. At Versailles are pictures
of the ' Battles of Castella,' ' Smolensk,' ' Polotsk,'
and ' Borodino,' and 'The Taking of Morea.' His
best panoramas were the ' Battle of Eylau,' the
' Battle of the Pyramids,' the ' Battle of Solferino,'
and the ' Burning of Moscow.'

LANGLOIS, Claude Louis, called Langlois de
Sezanne, a French portrait painter, was born at
Sezanne in 1757. He was instructed by Beaufort,
and painted the portraits of several famous French
generals, many of which were engraved by Voissart
for difEerent publications. He was director of the
Drawing School at Sens till 1830, when he removed
to Paris. He died in 1845.

LANGLOIS, EusTACHB Htacinthe, a French
landscape painter, draughtsman, and engraver, was
born at Pont-de-l'Arche in 1777. His art training
was due to Lemonnier and David. During the
Revolution he was imprisoned, and was also drawn
for military service, but owed his escape to the
Empress Josephine. He afterwards settled 'at
Rouen, where he taught in the Academy. He
devoted great attention to archeology, and pub-
lished many works in connection with it, which he
illustrated himself. He died at Rouen in 1837.
His chief publications were :

' Description historique des Maisons de Rouen.' 1821.

' Essai sur la Peinture sur verre.' 1832.

' Essai sur I'Abbaye de Fontenelle.' 1834.

' Stalles de la OathSdrale de Rouen.' 1838.

'Essai sur la Calligraphie des Manuscrits du Moyen,.

Age.' 1841.
' Essai historique sur les Danses des Morts.' 1851.

LANGLOIS, Franqois, called Ciartees, was a
French engraver and printseller, who died in Paris
in 1748. He has left the ' History of Psyche,' a
series of thirteen plates after Raphael, and the
'Theological and Cardinal Virtues,' after the pic-
tures at Fontainebleau.

L'ANGLOIS, GuiLLERMO, a French artist, with
whom Alexander Gonzalez Velazquez painted from
the designs of Mengs a ceiling in the Palace at
Madrid about 1750.

LANGLOIS, Jean, a French engraver, was born
in Paris in 1649. After learning the rudiments
of design in his native city under Vien, he went
to Rome, and became a member of the French
Academy there. He died about 1712. He engraved
several plates from the antique statues, and some
architectural subjects from Andrea Palladio. There
are also by him a few portraits, and other prints,
among which are the following :


Gruillaume Bruuetiere, Bishop of Saintonge ; after

Bon de Boidlongne.
Pierre Loisel, Doctor of the Sorbonne.
Julien Gardeau, Cur6 of St. Etienne-du-Mont ; after

John Law, of Lauriston ; after J. Hubert.


St. Luke painting the Virgin ; after Raphael.
The Stoning of Stephen ; after Pietro da Cortona.
Tobit and the Angel ; after Annihale Carracci.
The Martyrdom of St. Paul ; after L. de Boullongne.
Christ curing the Paralytic ; after Bon de Boullongne.





LANGLOIS, J£r6mb Martin, a French historical
and portrait painter, was born in Paris in 1779. He
studied under David, whom he assisted in many of
his works, and obtained the second prize in 1805,
and the grand prix ' in 1809. After his period of
study at Rome, he returned to France in 1815,
and in 1824 went to Brussels to paint the portrait
of his exiled master, David, to whose principles
he was ever faithful. He died in Paris in 1838,
having in the same year been elected a member of
the Institute. Amongst his works are :

Bordeaux. Cathedral. St. Hilary.

Marseilles. Museum. Portrait of M. de Belzunce,
Bishop of Marseilles.

Paris. Louvre. Cassandra imploring the ven-

geance of Minerva against
Ajax. 1817.
„ „ Diana and Endymion. 1822.

Toulouse. Museum. Alexander ceding Campaspe to

Apelles. 1819.

Versailles. Gallery. Several portraits.

LANGLOIS, Nicolas, a French engraver, who
flourished in the second part of the 17th century,
was the son of Francois Langlois, called Ciartres,
whose business as a printseller he continued to
carry on. The following plates are by him :

The Holy Family ; after Raphael.

St. Paul and Barnabas ; aftffr the same.

St. Paul ; after Le Pautre.

The Repentance of St. Peter ; after the same.

LANGLOIS^ PiEBEE Gabriel, a French engraver,
was born in Paris in 1754. He was a pupil of
Simonet. and worked on the ' Galerie de Florence,'
the ' Mus6e des Monuments Pranyais,' by Lenoir,
and on the edition of Voltaire's works published
by Beaumarchais. He died about 1810. He re-
produced several pictures of the Italian and Dutch
schools, among which may be named :

Silence ; after A . Carracci.

The Alchemist ; after Tenters.

The Virgin and Child ; after .Titian.

Boman Charity ; after Fellearini.

The Denial of St. Peter ; after Teniers.

The Violin Lesson ; after Netscher.

LANGLOIS, Vincent Marie, a French engraver,
was born in Paris in 1756, and was instructed by
his brother Pierre Gabriel Langlois. He engraved
several vignettes after Moreau, Lebardier, and
others. The date of his death is unrecorded.
Among his plates are :

Portrait of Andrea del Sarto ; after himself.

The Holy Family ; after Subens.

Venus in the Forge of Vulcan ; after Van Dyck.

Virgin and Child ; after L. Carracci.

The Muses ; after Le Sueur.

The Four Evangelists ; after Valentin.

The Garden Concert; after Lawrence.

OPHILB Ange Sosthene, wag born at Mortain
(Manche), in 1803. He studied under Gros, and
stayed afterwards for a considerable time at Rome,
Pompeii, and Geneva. Subsequently he returned
to France, and settled at Rouen, where he founded
a studio for painting and perspective. Later on
he went to Cherbourg as conservator of the
Museum, and to Paris as professor of design at
the College. He died in Paris in 1845. He was
an excellent copyist and painter of portraits. Of
his large historical subjects mention may be made
An Angel overthrowing a Demon. {St. Pierre, Rouen.)
An Apparition of the Virgin. (St. Patrice, Rouen.)

LANGOT, FBANgois, a French engraver, was
chiefly employed in copying the prints of other
masters, particularly Cornelis Bloemaert and Huret.

LANGREMUS, M. F., an engraver, execuled
several book-plates, frontispieces, portraits, &c.
He lived about the year 1649.

LANGUASCO, Teresa Maria, a barefooted
monk, was born at San Rerao in 1651, and died in
1698. He studied under Giovanni Battista Carlone.
In St. Niccol6 at Tolentiuo are some saints of his
order painted by him.

LANIERB, Niccol6, or Nicholas, who was a
native of Italy, bom apparently in 1568, lived in
England during at any rate the latter portion of
his life. He possessed various talents, which were
all suited to the taste of Charles I., being a
musician, a painter, an engraver, and a connoisseur;
and he had a great share in the purchases, made
for the royal collection. As a painter, he drew a
' Holy Family ' for the king ; and his own portrait,
by himself, with a pallet and pencil in his hand,
and a scrip of paper, with musical notes, is in the
music-school at Oxford. He possessed a con-
siderable collection of drawings, several of which
he caused to be engraved, and etched some of
them himself ; on one of them is the inscription in
Italian, ' Prove prima fatte a I'acqua forte da N.
Laniere a I'eta sua giovanile di settanta otto anni
1636.' He died in London in 1646.

LANINI, Bernardino, was bom at Veroelli
about the year 1520, and was a disciple of Gauden-
zio Ferrari, whose style he imitated with such pre-
cision, that a picture he painted for the church of
San Giuliano, at Milan, representing a 'Pietk,'
might be taken for a work of that master, had he
not signed it with his name, and the date 1547.
At a later period of his life, he worked with more
freedom, and painted an altar-piece of St.
Catharine, for the church dedicated to that saint
near San Celso, which is highly commended by
Lomazzo. He was much employed at Milan, and
in the State, and particularly at Novara, where he
painted, in the cathedral, the ' Eternal Father,' the
Sibyls, and some subjects from the life of the Virgin.
In some of his works he aimed at the impressive
style of Leonardo da Vinci, particularly in a
picture in Sunt' Ambrogio, of ' Our Saviour after
the Scourging, between two Angels ; ' a production
so full of pious and beautiful expression, and of
such admirable relief, that it is esteemed one of
the finest works of art in that basilica. He died
about the year 1578. In addition to the above
paintings, he has left :

Berlin. Gallery. Madonna and Saints.

London. A'at. Gallery. Holy Family. 1543.
Milan. Brera. Three Angels playing.

„ „ St. Martha.

„ „ Virgin and Child, with %ints.

LANINI, Gaudbnzio, and Giuolamo, were the
brothers of Bernardino Lanini, and followed his
style at a humble distance. By the former, Lanzi
mentions a picture in the sacristy of the Barnabites,
representing the ' Virgin and Infant, with several
Saints ' ; and by the latter, a ' Deposition from the
Cross,' in a private collection at Vercelli.

LANKRINK, Prosper Henrious, was born at
Antwerp in 1628. His father, a soldier of fortune,
had come to that city from Germany, and there he
obtained a coloners commission, and died. The
young Lankrink received a good education, and
was intended by his mother for a monk, but dis-
covering an inclination for painting, he was




jjermitted to attend the Academy, where his pro-
gress was considerable, and was promoted by his
having access to study the best pictures in one of
the finest collections at Antwerp. Lankrink went
afterwards to Italy and especially studied the works
of Salvator Rosa. On the death of his mother he
came to England, in the reign of Charles II., and
was patronized by Sir Edward Spragge, and more
particularly by Sir William Williams, for whom
he painted a great number of landscapes, which
were destroyed when that gentleman's mansion
was burned down. His pictures were in consider-
able estimation, and he was occasionally employed
by Sir Peter Lely to paint his backgrounds. The
scenery in his landscapes is wild and romantic,

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 5 of 201)