Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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The Triumph of Silenus; after Raphael; the same

The infant Hercules destroying the Serpents ; after

Giulio Romano.
Hercules strangling Antajus ; after Michelangelo Buon-

Hercules destroying the Nemean Lion ; after Raphael.


The Burying-plaoe, an assemblage of emaciated figures
with skeletons, and a figure of Death holding a book ;
after Baccio Bandinelli ; inscribed Augustinus Venetus
de Musis faciebat. 1518.

A large prmt, called the Climbers ; after the famous
cartoon of Pisa, by Michelangelo Buonarroti, dated
1533. This print is very different from that of the
same subject engraved by Marc Antonio, which
consists of many more figures. It is marked with
the name of the painter on a tablet, and dated 1524.

The Academy of Baccio Bandinelli, in which that
artist is represented in the midst of his disciples.

The Battle of the Sabre, so called from a sword which
lies on the ground, fallen from the hand of a warrior,
who is represented as dead, on the right-hand side
of the print.

An Emperor on horseback, with attendants, called by
some the Triumph of Marcus AureUus. This print
is marked with the tablet used by Marc Antonio,
who is supposed to have partly engraved it.

An old Philosopher or Magician, seated on the ground,
measuring, with his compasses, a circle in which ara
seen the sun and moon ; dated 1509 ; after Dom,

He also engraved a variety of plates after ara-
besques by Raphael, and several busts and antique

MUSI, GiULio de', probably a relation of Agos-
tino de' Musi. He engraved some pLites of
antiquities, after drawings by Phyrro Ligorio,
which bear the dates 1553 and 1554.

MUSI, Lorenzo de', also supposed to be a relation
of Agostino. He engraved a portrait of ' Barba-
rossa. Re de Algieri,' dated 1636, and perhaps a
female figure called ' Peace,' on which are the
letters L. M.

MUSIANA. See Muziano.

MUSLER, Gerard van, a Flemish painter of
little importance. He was inscribed on the register
of the Guild of St. Luke at Bruges, in 1470.

MUSNIER. See Mexjnier.

MUSS, Charles, enamel and glass painter, was
born in 1779, and was the son of Bonifacio Musso,
an Italian. Among some enamels produced for
Georges III. and IV., there is a ' Holy Family,'
after Parmigiano. In St. Bride's Church is his
glass-painting, the ' Descent of Christ from the
Cross,' after Rubens. Between 1802 and 1823 he
contributed many enamel reproductions of pictures
to the Academy exhibitions, among them one
after Wilkie's ' Duncan Grey.' He produced thirty-
three plates of designs and etchings for ' Gay's
Fables.' He died in 1824.

MUSSCHER, MicHiEL van, a Dutch painter and
etcher, was born at Rotterdam in 1646. He was
first placed under the tuition of Martin Zaagmoolen,
an obscure artist, with whom he did not continue
long, and was afterwards successively the scholar
of Abraham van den Tempel, Gabriel Metsu, and
Adrian van Ostade. He did not, however, exactly
follow the style of either of his instructors, but
adopted one more resembling that of Frans Mieris.
He painted conversations, views of towns, and





is that of his
Descamps, he
subjects. His
and his colour
at Amsterdam,
with in many
out of his own
The following

small portraits. His best picture
own family; and according to M.
occasionally attempted historical
execution was thin and laboured,
poor. His principal residence was
where his pictures are to be met
collections. They are little known
country. He died there in 1706.
of his works remain :

Brussels. Arenburg Gal. The Good Mother.
Hague. His own Family. 1681.

London. Lord North- \ "Willem van de Velde in his

h'ook's. J atelier.
Eotterdam. Museum. Three Children. 1690.

A. Blooteling, I. van Gunst, and others, have
engraved after him. He scraped his own portrait
in mezzotint, and engraved,

Portrait of Johann Moritz of Nassau.
Portrait of the Physician GaJenus Ahrahamsz.

MDSSINI, Cbsaee, was born at Berlin about
1797. His artistic education was mainly received
in the Academy of Florence. He was afterwards
named court painter to the Grand Duke of Tuscany,
and professor in the Academy. His best pictures,
' Tasso reading his Poems,' and ' Atala,' are at

MUSSO, Bonifacio, an Italian artist, who was
settled at Newcastle-on-Tyne at the end of the
18th century. He was the father of Charles Muss.
MUSSO, Niccol6, was a native of Casalmon-
ferrato, and flourished about the year 1618. Ac-
cording to Orlandi, he went to Eome when he was
very young, and entered the school of Michel-
angelo da Caravaggio. After passing ten years at
Eome, he returned to his native city, where he
painted several altar-pieces for the churches, of
which Lanzi particularly mentions a picture of
' St. Francis kneeling before the crucified Saviour,'
in the church dedicated to that Saint. His style
is a mild edition of Caravaggio's.

MUSSON, Mathibu, a Flemish painter, of whom
little is known. He was received into the corpor-
ation of St. Luke at Antwerp in 1647-8, together
with Mathieu Musson the younger, who is pretty
sure to have been his son, as he was received as
the ' son of a master.' One of the two died in 1678.
MUTINA. See Modena.

MUTTENTHALEE, Anton, (Tony,) a German
painter of history and genre, was born at Hoch-
stadt in 1820. He studied under Kaulbach, at
Munich. A ' Battle of Ampfing,' in the Bavarian
National Museum, is one of his best works ; he also
designed many illustrations for German books.
He died at Leipzig, March 21, 1870.

MUTTONI, PlETEO de', a Venetian painter,
called Pietro della Vecchia, from his skill in
restoring, copying, and imitating old pictures, was
born in Venice in 1605. He was a pupil of Varo-
tari, but did not resemble him in style. Some of
his pictures are found in the Church of Ogni Santa
at Venice, and at Verona ; and in the National
Gallery at Dublin is a picture of ' Timoclea brought
before Alexander.' He died about 1678.

MUX, Jacob, a Flemish painter, who was em-
ployed at Lorrain in 1468. Nothing is known of
his life.

MUXEL, Johann Nepomuk, brother of Joseph
Muxel, was born at Munich in 1790. He studied
(heology, but afterwards devoted his time to

painting under Mannlich and Langen. He taught
the Princes of Leuchtenburg drawmg, and published
the 'Leuchtenburg Gallery,' between 1835-40.
There is a fine picture by him, ' The Holy Family
by Night,' at Augsburg. He also engraved a
number of plates, among which is 'Christ and
the Little Children,' after Van Langen.

MUXEL, Joseph, was bom in 1786, and the son
of a sculptor of the same name in Munich, who
taught him to draw ; otherwise he was almost
self-taught, but rose to eminence as a portrait
painter. In 1819 he painted the portrait of King
Maximilian L, and was appointed court-painter in
the following year. There is an 'Adoration of
the Shepherds ' by him at Ausburg.

MUYLTJES, Adriaan, a little known painter of
Haarlem, who was inscribed on the guild in 1640.
He was one of the signataries of the petition of
1642. He died in 1649.

MUYNCK, Adbiaan van, a Flemish painter of
history, was born at Bruges about 1738. He was
a pupil of M. de Visch. After a visit to France,
he settled in Eome, where he became director of
a Flemish hospital, and died in 1814.

MUYS, Nicholas, son of Willem Muys, was
born at Eotterdam in 1740. He was instructed
by his father, and also by Aart Schoumanat the
Hague. He painted portraits and cabinet pictures,
chiefly interiors. He died in 1808.

MUYS, E., a Dutch engraver, has left, among
others, a portrait of William, Prince of Orange.

MUYS, Willem, was born at Schiedjim in 1712,
and resided at Eotterdam. He painted portraits
and other subjects of large dimensions ; and also
cabinet pictures in the taste of Mieris and Van
der Werf. He died at Rotterdam in 1763.

MUZIANO, II Cavalieee Gibolamo, (or Musi-
ana,) called Gibolamo Beessano, and Messer
Gibolamo Beescianino, (' II Giovane de' Paesi,')
was born at Acquafredda, in the territory of
Brescia, in 1528. After receiving some instruction
in art in his native city, under Girolamo Eomanino
and Vasari Mosciano, he went to Venice, where
he studied the works of Titian, Giorgione, and
the other great masters. When he was about
twenty years of age he visited Eome, accompanied
by Federigo Zuccaro, where it was not long before
his abilities recommended him to the notice of
Gregory XIII., who employed him in the CapeUa
Gregoriana, and commissioned him to paint two
pictures for the church of St. Peter, representing
' St. Jerome ' and ' St. Basil.' He was appointed
Superintendent of the works at the Vatican.
Muziano distinguished himself also as a landscape
painter, and acquired at Eome the appellation of
' II Giovane de' Paesi.' Cardinal Farnese employed
him to decorate his villa at Tivoli, in conjunction
with Federigo Zuccaro and Tempesta, and he here
evinced the superiority of his talents over both his
competitors. About this time he produced his
picture of the ' Eesurrection of Lazarus,' painted
for the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, afterwards
removed to the pontifical palace of the Quirinal.
This capital production excited the admiration and
procured him the esteem of Michelangelo, who
assisted him with his instruction and advice, and
presented him to the Cardinal Hippolyte d'Este,
who employed him to decorate his palace at Tivoli.
The backgrounds of Muziano's pictures are fre-
quently embellished with landscapes which remind
us of the style of Titian. According to Vasari he
was employed at Orvieto in the cathedral. He was




also much employed in designing after the antique ;
and to him we are indebted for the completion of
the drawing from the design of the bas-reliefs of
the Trajan Column, which had been begun by
Giulio Romano, and was afterwards engraved.
Muziano was the founder of the Academy of Saint
Luke in Rome ; and contributed to it a part of the
money he had acquired by his art. He died at Rome
in 1592. Cornelis Cort, Niccol6 Beatrizet, and
others have engraved about thirty of his works.
Among others he has left :
Florence. Uffid. Male Portrait.

Naples. Museum. St. Francis of Assisi.

Paris. Louirre. Incredulity of St. Thomas.

„ „ The Eaising of Lazarus.

Bbeims. Cathedral. Christ washing the Disciples' feet.
Borne. S. Maria d. } Christ delivering the Keys to St.
A ncjeli. J Peter.

„ Ara Cmli. The Ascension.

„ ColoTma. Portrait of Vittoria Colonna {an-

other in Doria Famjili Gallery).

„ 8. Paolo. The Assumption.

„ St. Peter. Christ in the Garden.

„ „ The Scourging of Christ.

Stockholm. St. Jerome.

MYNDE, J., resided in London about the year
1760, and engraved several plates for the book-
sellers. We have by him some anatomical figures,
and a few portraits, among which are, Roger,
Earl of Orrery, and William Harris, D.D.

MYRIGINUS, (Myeicinus, or Myeicinis). See

MYRTILL. See Glaitbee, J. G.

MYTENS, Aaet Izaak, a portrait painter of
great merit, resided at the Hague from 1612 to
1640, but there is no record of him except in his
works. He painted the portraits of the eminent
Dutch poet and painter, Jacob Gats, and of his
house-keeper, named Havius ; also of the Prince of
Orange-Nassau. At the Hague is ' The Celebration
of the Marriage of the Elector of Brandenburg
with the daughter of Erederic Henri, Prince of
Orange,' by A. I. Mytens (formerly in the Lormier
Collection). See also Meijssens, Jan, who appears
to have been confused with this artist.

MYTENS, Aenold, was born at _ Brussels
in 1541. After receiving some instruction in his
native country, he travelled to Italy, in com-
pany with Anthonie de Santvoort, and studied
tinder his direction some years at Rome. He
afterwards visited Naples, where he became a
pupil of Cornelis Tijp, and painted an altar-piece
representing the Assumption of the Virgin, with
the Apostles ; and in the church of San Lodovico,
a picture of the ' Miraculous Conception.' On his
return to Rome he was employed on gome consider-
able works in the church of St. Peter, and died in
that city in 1602. Other works of his are :

Amsterdam. The Crowning with Thorns.

Cassel. Jupiter and Cahsto.

MYTENS, Coen. and Jan. See Meijssens.

MYTENS, Daniel, the elder, was born at the
Hague at the end of the 16th century. He came
to England in the reign of James I., and in that of
Charles L was painter to the king. Plis patent to
that effect is dated 30th May, 1625. He had
studied the works of Rubens previous to his coming.
His landscape, in the backgrounds of his portraits,
is evidently in the style of that school ; and some
of his works have been taken for those of Van
Dyck. At Hampton Court are several whole-
lengths of the princes and princesses of the House


of Brunswick- Luneburg, and the portrait of Charles
Howard, Earl of Nottingham. At Kensington is
a Head of himself ; and at St. James's is a fine
picture by Mytens, of Hudson, the dwarf, holding
a dog with a string, in a landscape, warmly
coloured and painted freely, like Rubens orSnyders.
Mytens remained in great reputation till the arrival
of Van Dyck, who being appointed the king's
principal painter, the former, in disgust, asked his
Majesty's leave to retire to his own country ; but
the king, learning the cause of his dissatisfaction,
treated him with much kindness, and told him that
he could find sufficient employment both for him
and Van Dyck. Mytens consented to stay, and
even grew intimate with his rival ; for the head of
Mytens is one of those painted by that great master.
Whether the same jealousy operated again, or real
decline of business influenced him, Mytens did not
stay much longer in England. At Blenheim Palace
there used to be three magnificent examples of
Mytens : full-length portraits of the first Duke of
Buckingham, of the first Earl of Holland, and of
the second Duke of Hamilton. The last-named
was not born, however, until 1616, and as in his
picture he is a man of at least twenty, either the
date of Mytens's departure from England cannot
have been so early as that usually given, namely
1630, or the portrait must have been wrongly
identified. In his own country Mytens lived many
years beyond this date, and died about 1656.
Houbraken quotes a register at the Hague, dated
in 1656, at which time Mytens painted part of the
ceiling of the town-hall there. Works :

Chatsworth. Sir F. Walsingham. 1626.

Copenhagen. Charles I. as Prince of Wales.

Dresden. Gallery. Charles I. and his Consort.

Hague. Tovm-hall. A ceiling.

London. Copies after Raphael's Cartoons.

„ Buckingham Pal. Portraits of Charles I. and Henri-
etta Maria.
Serlby. LordGalway's. The Duke of Portland.

The Duke of Newcastle with his

two Wives.
The Earl of Craven.

MYTENS, Daniel, the younger, called Bontb-
KEAAIJ, was born at the Hague in 1644. He was
the son of Jan Mytens, and the grandson of
Daniel the elder. He was the pupil of his father,
and was more than once at the head of the Pictura
Society, at the Hague. He worked for some years
in Rome. His death took place in 1688.

MYTENS, Isaac, son of Daniel the elder. He
was active about 1640-65, at the Hague. He was
one of the founders of the Pictura Society, to
which he still belonged in 1665.

MYTENS, Jan A., son of Daniel the elder. He
flourished at the Hague between 1630 and 1672.
He was one of the founders of the Pictura Society,
and in 1656 one of its two chiefs. He has some-
times been confused with Isaac Mytens, but M.
Kramm had a picture signed Jan Mytens pinx.
1649. Several portraits by him are in the Amster-
dam Museum.

. MY TENS, Maetin van, son of Aart Isaak Mytens.
He was a member of the painters' brotherhood at
the Hague in the middle of the 17th century ._ He
was appointed court-painter to Queen Christina of
Sweden, and died in that country, where he left
descendants who were also painters (see Meytens).
There is a portrait of himself in the Amsterdam






NABHOLZ, JoHANN Cheistoph, a painter and
engraver, born at Begensburg in 1752, died in
1796. He painted principally portraits, among
them those of the Czarina Catherine II. ; and of
many of her nobility. Some of his portraits and
other subjects he engraved himself.

NACHENIDS, Jan van, a native of the Hague,
who painted about 1812. He was a pupil of
Mathieu Terwesten. He lived first at Amsterdam,
afterwards in the Dutch Indies, where he died.

NACHTEGAELE, Pietbe, an obscure Elemisb
painter, who flourished at Bruges in 1450.

NACHTMANN, Franz Xavies, painter and litho-
grapher, was bom at Bodenmais, in Lower Bavaria,
in 1799. He studied in the Academy at Munich,
and was employed in 1823 as flower and fruit
painter at the Boyal China Manufactory of that
city. In 1827 he quitted this employment to
devote himself to portraiture in water-colour and
miniature, and the study of architectural perspect-
ive. His portraits of the royal family are finely
executed, while among his perspective views may
be mentioned, the ' Interior of the Court Church at
Munich.' He signed his works X. N. Nacht-
mann died in 1846.

NADAT. See Dati, Natale.

NADORP, Franz, a painter, etcber, and litho-
grapher, also a sculptor and modeller, was born at
Anholt, Rhenish-Prussia, in 1794. He began to
learn painting under Bergler at Prague in 1814
Afterwards he spent some time at Dresden, Vienna,
and Rome, where he died in 1876. Nadorp painted
landscapes of large dimensions, as well as portraits
and other subjects. Among them :

The Villa Raphael.

The Villa d' Este.

The Forum of Pompeii.

The Murder of Eling Edward's Children.


Fraucesoa da Bimini.

He also etched thirteen plates, among which is
• The Barberini Triton.'

NAECKE, Gustav Heinrich, was born at
Frauenstein in Saxony in 1786, and was instructed
by Grasse, whom, however, he followed only in
his colouring. After having lived at Rome for
some years, he, in 1825, became a professor at the
School of Art at Dresden, where he died in 1835.
Among his paintings are :

St. Genovefa. 1816. (The Grand Duke of Coburg.)
St. Elizabeth. 1826. (Naumburg Cathedral.)
Christ and his Disciples. 1830.

NAEUWINCX, (or Naiwinck,) Hendeik. The
birthplace of this Dutch painter and etcher is
uncertain ; but it was either Utrecht, or more
probably Schoonhoven, and the date of his birth
about 1619-20, as he was contemporary with Jan
Asselyn, who was bom in 1610, died in 1660, and
painted figures and animals in landscapes by
Naeuwincx; so that the pictures by him may have
been confounded with those of Asselyn. Immer-
zeel quotes very high prices as having been paid
for pictures by Naeuwincx, which consist of land-
scapes, towns, villages, etc. One in the style of
Waterloo, in which sportsmen are introduced, is
dated 1651. He is, however, more generally


known by his drawings and etchings, in which
the point is used with great delicacy. They are
rare, and were published in two sets of eight each ;
of which Nagler gives a full description. The
date of the death of Naeuwincx has not been

NAGEL, Jan, an unimportant Dutch painter of
the 17th century. He was born at Haarlem. He
imitated Cornelius Molenaer, and died at the Hague
in 1602 (?).

NAGEL, Peter, a Flemish engraver, who
flourished at Antwerp about 1569-84. He is said
to have been a pupil of Philip Galle, and he
engraved many subjects after Flemish masters.
Among other prints he has left, ' The Seven Works
of Mercy ' ; after M. Heemskerh

NAGLI, Francesco, called II Centino, an Italian
painter of the 17th century. He was bom at Cento,
and was a pupil of Guercino. Most of his active
life was passed at Bimini, where, in the Church of
Santa Maria degli Angeli, his best work is to be

NAGTEGEL, Arnold, engraver. He worked in
1690, probably at Amsterdam. His name is alfixed
to prints in mezzotint, after portraits of Ishach
Aboab Rabin and of the English surgeon, Thomas

NAHL, Johann August, one of a family of
artists, mostly sculptors, established at Ausbach.
He was born in 1752 at Channe, near Bern, on a
property belonging to his father, who gave him
his first instruction in art. As his taste inclined
rather towards painting than to sculpture, he
became a scholar of Tischbein at Cassel, then of
Tannesch at Strasburg, of the landscape painter
Bemmel, and of Handmann at Bern. At the age
of twenty Nahl went to Paris, and studied Le
Sueur BO ardently as to assimilate his style. In
1774 Nahl proceeded to Rome, where he passed
seven years in drawing from antiques, and copying
the works of Raphael and Guido. He there painted
his fine picture ' An OfEering to Venus,' one of his
richest and most highly-finished works. The
illness of his father induced him, in 1781, to re-
turn to Cassel, where, shortly afterwards, his father
died. Nahl did not remain long in that place, but
went to England. There he remained fifteen
months, and after visiting Holland, returned to his
native place. In 1786 and 1787 he was again in
Rome and Naples ; and in 1792 returned to Cassel.
There he became a. professor in the Academy, and
in 1815 ' Professor of Painting.' He died at
Cassel in 1825. Twice Nahl gained prizes given
by Goethe for pictorial composition. In 1799-
1800 by his ' Parting of Hector and Andromache,'
and, in 1801, by his ' Hercules at the Court of
Lycomedes.' Nahl's works include history, por-
traits, and landscapes. He also etched several
mythological subjects.

NAIGEON, Jean, a French historical and por-
trait painter, and relative of the French philosopher,
Jacques Andr6 Naigeon, who himself began life
as an artist. Jean Naigeon was a scholar of
Devosge, at the Dijon Academy, and of David.
His principal pictures are, ' The infant Pyrrhus
presented at the Court of Glaukias ; ' ' iEiieas going
to Battle ;' 'Numa Pompilius consulting the Nymph




Egeria ; ' two bas-reliefs in the gallery of the
Luxembourg, being allegories (ere grisaille) of the
glory of Rubens and Le Sueur ; the design for the
Vignette engraved by Roger for the oflEcial docu-
ments of tlie Government of the French Republic.
He also painted theatrical decorations, and por-
traits of distinguished persons of the time, among
them Monge and Laplace. He -wss instrumental
in saving many works of art from destruction in
1793, and was conservator of the Museum of the
Luxembourg, and a member of the Legion of
Honour. He was bom at Beaune (Cote d'Or) in
1757, and died in 1832.

NAIGEON, Jean GniLLAUME Elzidob, a French
historical and portrait painter, born in Paris in
1797. He studied under his father, Jean Naigeon,
an-d also under David and Gros. He entered the
'Boole des Beaux Arts' in 1815, and having gained
the second grand-prize in 1827, went to Italy. In
1832 he succeeded his father as curator of the
Luxembourg Gallery. He died in Paris in 1867.
Amongst his works are :

The Magdalen in the Desert. 1836.

The Adoration of the Shepherds. 1845.

Gleaners near Naples.

The Vintage at Amalfi.

Several Portraits. {Versailles Gallery.)

NAIN. See Le Nain.

NAISH, William, an English miniature painter
of the 18th century. He was a native of Axbridge,
Somersetshire, and practised in London. He ex-
hibited at the Royal Academy from 1783 to 1800,
in which year he died. His brother, John Naish,
was also an artist.

NAIVEU. See Nevbu.

NAKE, GusTAV Heineich, a German painter of
history and portraits, who flourished between 1784
and 1834. Works :

Faust and Marguerite.

St. Elizabeth of Hungary distributing Alms.

NALDINI, Battista di Matteo, called Bat-
TiSTA Degli Innocenti, was born at Florence in
1537, and spent the greater part of his youth with
the superintendent of the Foundling Hospital,
He was first a scholar of Jacopo Carrucci,
but afterwards studied under Angelo Bronzino.
According to Baglione he visited Rome in the
pontificate of Gregory XIII., where he painted
several altar-pieces for the churches, and on his
return to Florence he was engaged by Giorgio
Vasari as his coadjutor in the works in which he
was employed in the Palazzo Vecchio, where he
was occupied fourteen years. His pictures of the
Purification and Entombment in Santa Maria
Novella, at Florence, are extolled by Borghini.
Other works of his are the ' Pieta ' over the tomb
of Michelangelo, and Adorations ' of the Shep-
herds,' and ' of the Magi ' in the Dresden Gallery.
He was living in 1590. Zani suppos'es that he

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 51 of 201)