Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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senting the Madonna and Saints, which is signed
and dated M.C.C.C.CIII., Morelli says IV., and has
been chromolithographed and published by the
Arundel Society. He also worked for Gian Gale-
azzo, Duke of Milan, at Perugia in 1403-4, and
moved to Urbino in 1420 ; his death took place
between 1445 and 1450. The chapel of the Palace
of Corrado de' Trinci, now called the Palazzo del
Governo, was decorated by him in 1424, and the
work-can still be seen at Foligno.

NELLI, PiETRO, was born at Massa in 1672, and
was instructed by Morandi, whose style he imitated




in his paintings for several churclies at Borne.
Ko was alive in 1730, and distinguished himself
greatly as a painter of portraits, among which
are :

Cardinal Lodovico Pico Ungraded h/ Frey).
Andrea Giuseppe Bossi (engraved by Billy).
Bishop Giovanni Francesco Tenderini {engraved hy Gio-
vanni Rossi).

NELLI, Suor Plautilla, alady of anoble family,
was bom at Florence in 1523, and probably in-
structed by Fra Paolino of Pistoja. She became
in 1537 an inmate, and afterwards prioress, of the
Dominican convent of St. Catherine at Florence,
and painted for their church a 'Descent from the
Cross,' which is said to have been from a design
by Andrea del Sarto, and is probably the same as
that now to be seen at the Florence Academy ;
also a picture of the ' Adoration of the Magi.' In
Vasari's time a large collection of drawings by
Fra Bartolommeo was in her possession, and at
Dresden is a drawing by her of ' St. Anthony
tempted by a beautiful woman,' which appears
to bo an imitation of the Frate's work. She died
in 1688. There are by her :

Berlin. Mag. of Mus. A painting of 1524.
Florence. Academy. A Descent from the Cross.
„ S. M. Novella. A Last Supper.

NELLO DE DINO, an unimportant Tuscan painter
of the 14th century. He was a friend of Bufial-

NELLO Di Giovanni FALCONE, Bernardo, a,
painter of the 14th century, who is known by
report only, as no authentic work by him is in
existence. He studied under Orcagna, and painted
much in Pisa, in the cathedral and in the Campo
Santo, where there is a fresco said, by some, to be
by him. Lanzi says he is supposed to be the same
artist as Nello di Vanni.

NENCI, Francesco, was born about 1782, and
studied at the Academy at Florence. He at first
painted portraits, but abandoned that branch of
art for historical painting. His chief performance
is at Florence in the Villa Poggio, and represents
the 'Assumption of the Virgin.' In 1821 he made
a series of designs for Dante's ' Divina Commedia.'
He was for a time director of the Academy at

NEPVEU, Laurens Thbodoe, was born at
Utrecht in 1782. He was a politician, and only
practised painting as an amateur. His master in
art was B. van Straaten. Nepveu_died in 1839.

NERANUS, A., painter, flourished about the
middle of the 17th century, and imitated the
manner of Rembrandt. In Cardinal Fesch's col-
lection there was a picture by him representing
'Pilate washing his hands.'

NEEBNZ, WiLHELM, genre painter, was born
at Berlin in 1804, first studied under Wilhelm von
Schadow, until the removal of the latter to Diissel-
dorf . In the next year he was employed as picture-
restorer in the Royal Museum, but in 1833 followed
his master, von Schadow, to Diisseldorf , where he
remained three years. He then returned to Berlin,
where he resided for the remainder of his life, with
the exception of a short time in Dresden and Italy.
He died at Berlin in 1871. Of his works may be
mentioned :

Berlin. Nat. Gallery. At the Armourer's. 1840.
The Goldsmith's Daughter (from, Uhland).
Kathchen von Heilbronn {from Kleist).
The end of the Wanderj&hre.

NERI, Giovanni, called Neri degli Uccelli, a
Bologuese artist, celebrated for his paintings in
miniature of animals, birds, and fishes. Ulysses
Aldrovandi had seven books full of his works.
He died in the year 1575.

NERI, Paolo del Maestro. See Paolo.


NERITO, Jaoopo di, lived early in the 14th
century. He was probably born at Padua, and
a pupil of Gentile da Fabriano. According to
Rossetti, he painted a ' St. Michael and Lucifer '
of gigantic proportions, once in the church of
San Michele, Padua. In the Communal Gallery
of that city there are some panels by him. No
dates can be given of his birth or death.

NERONI, Babtolommeo, or Negroni, called
Maestro Riccio, was a native of Siena, and flour-
ished from 1550 to 1573. He was a pupil, and
afterwards son-in-law and assistant, of Bazzi
(Sodoma). He painted history, but was more
celebrated for his perspective and architectural
views. At the Osservanti at Siena is a Gracifixion,
with a great number of figures ; and in the church
of the Derelitte, a ' Descent from the Cross,' which
is painted entirely in the style of his master. Two
large paintings by him in the Academy of that
city are Florentine in style. He was also dis-
tinguished as a sculptor, architect, and painter of
scenery. One of his scenes has been engraved by


NERVESA, Gaspaeo, painter, a native of Friuli,
and, according to Ridolfi, a pupil of Titian. No
picture by him can now be pointed out, but he is
known to have painted at Spilimbergo, and perhaps
at Trevigi, about the middle of the 16th century.

NES, Jan Van, (or Nees,) was born at Delft
probably about the year 1600, and was one of the
best scholars of Michiel J. van Mierevelt. He
travelled in France and Italy, and studied some
time at Rome and at Venice. On his return to
Holland he painted some historical pictures, which
were deservedly admired ; and he would probably
have distinguished himself in that branch of the
art, had not the general demand for his portraits
induced him, for the sake of emolument, to devote
himself entirely to them. The date of his death
is uncertain, but he is said to have worked as late
as 1670.

NBSBITT, Charlton, an English wood-engraver,
born in 1775, at Swalwell, Durham. He was
apprenticed when fourteen to Beilby and Bewick,
and gained two premiums at the Society of Arts.
Specimens of the work done by him while with
Bewick are to be found in the tail-pieces of ' British
Birds,' and in the edition of Goldsmith and Par-
nell of 1795. At the end of his apprenticeship he
engraved a block 15 inches by 12 from a drawing
by his fellow-pupil Robert Johnson. About 1799
he moved to London, where he obtained an ex-
tensive practice. Among the works he illustrated
were editions of ' Hudibras' and of ' Shakespeare,'
Sir Egerton Bridges' works, Ackerman's ' Re-
ligious Emblems,' Northcote' s ' Fables,' &c. From
1815 to 1830helived at Swalwell, and then returned
to London. He died at Brompton in 1838.

NESFIELD, William Andrew. This artist,
the father of the well-known architect of the same
name, was the son of the rector of Brancepeth,
and was educated at Winchester, and at Trinity
College, Cambridge. He entered the army a,t Wool-
wich in 1809, served in the Peninsula under Wel-





lington, and was afterwards aide-de-camp to Sir
Gordon Drummond in Canada. On retiring from
the army he devoted his talents to painting in
water-colours, and was elected an 'associate ex-
hibitor of the Society of Painters in Water-colours
in 1828. The following year he became a member
of the Society and one of its most constant con-
tributors. A drawing of ' Bamborough Castle ' at
South Kensington is a good example of his style.
Later in life he gave his chief attention to land-
scape gardening, and many of the improvements
in the Horticultural Gardens at South Kensington,
Kew Gardens, and in St. James's Park are due to his
sldll. He died in 1881, at the age of 87, in London.
NETO, EsTBVAO GoNSALVES, a Portuguese archi-
tect and painter in miniature. Nothing is known
of his birth, but he was chaplain to the Bishop of
Vizen and a canon in 1622. A missal, beautifully
illuminated by him between 1610 and 1622, is pre-
served in the Academy of Sciences at Lisbon. He
died the 29th of July, 1627.

NETSCHER, Caspab, was born at Heidelberg
in 1639, and died at the Hague in 1684. His
father was a sculptor, and an engineer in the Polish
service, who died in Prague when he was only two
years of age, leaving a widow with three children,
of whom Caspar was the youngest. The calamities
of war obliged her to fly from Germany, and make
the best of her way towards Holland. Two of her
children died on the road, and she arrived at Arn-
heira in Guelderland in a state of the utmost
destitution. There an opulent physician, named
TuUekens, took pity on her, and adopted the young
Netscher. He educated him with the intention
of his following the medical profession, but his
genius strongly inclining to the art of painting, it
was judged best to give way to it ; he was in con-
sequence placed under Koster, a painter of dead
game and still-life, but he did not remain long
with him, as these were not subjects suited to his
powers. He became a disciple of Gerard Terburg,
and his progress under that master was great. On
leaving Terburg, he determined to visit Italy, and
with that intention embarked at Amsterdam for
Bordeaux, where he was induced to remain some
time, by the encouragement he received as a painter
of portraits, as well as by an attachment he conceived
for Marie Godin, the niece of the person at whose
house he lodged. They were married, and this
union preventing his proceeding to Italy, he re-
turned to Holland, where his talents promised him
a more certain success. The pictures of Netscher
usually represent domestic subjects and conversa-
tions, which are treated in a style reminding us
of the productions of Frans Mieris and Terburg.
His handling is a little woolly and wanting in life,
but like his master, he particularly excelled in
painting white satin, silk, ermine, &c. He some-
times painted historical and fabulous subjects, but
they were not favourable to his powers ; he was
more successful in portraits of a small size, in
which he was much employed. Walpole says he
visited England on the invitation of Sir William
Temple, in the reign of Charles II., but did nut
remain here long. The following list includes
most of Netsoher's more accessible works : —






Four portraits.
The Lute-player.
The Kitchen.
Vertumnus and Pomona.
Two portraits.
His own portrait.

Cassel. Museum. A Lady with a Violoncello.

{And Jive viore.)
Darmstadt. Gallery. Portrait of a boy with a grey-
hound {ascribed forraerly to
^, „ Portrait of a lady.

Dresden. Gallery. Lady at the Piano.

jj „ The Letter-writer {said, to he the

painter^ s own portrait).
„ „ The Doctor's visit.

„ „ The Duet.

„ „ Portrait of Madame de Monte-

„ „ Portrait of Madame de Monte-

span and her sou, the Due de
„ „ Lady with a Dog.

„ „ Peasant Woman spinning.

„ The Lace-maker.

Gallery. A Lady in a white satin dress.
„ Nymphs adorning a statue of

„ A Princess of Orange.

„ A male portrait.

Museum. His own portrait, with his Wife
and Daughter.
„ „ Portrait of Mr. van Waalwijk.

„ „ Portrait of Mad. van Waalwijk.

London. Nat. Gallery. Children blowing Bubbles.
„ „ Maternal Instruction.

„ „ Lady at a Spinning-wheel (?)

„ Bridgewater Gall. Interior with two ladies and a

„ „ Vertumnus and Pomona {said

to be portraits of St. Em-emond
and the Duehesse de Mazarin).
Munich. Gallery. A Music Party.

„ „ A Girl feeding a Parrot.

„ „ Bathsheba at the Bath.

„ „ Night scene.

„ „ A Shepherd with a Girl on his

Paris. Lmivre. The Sin^ng Lesson.

„ „ The Lesson on the Double-bass.

Petersburg. Hermitage. Portrait of Mary II. of England.
„ „ Portrait of the painter.

„ „ Four more portraits.

Pi,otterdam. Gallery. Family scene.

„ „ Two portraits.

NETSCHER, Constantinb, the younger son of
Caspar Netscher, was born at the Hague in 1669
or 1670. He learned the first principles of art
from his father, but when he had reached the age
of fourteen, death deprived him of that instructor.
It does not appear that he studied under any other
master, but contented himself by imitating the
pictures left by his father. He was very exten-
sively employed in painting portraits, and was
encouraged by the principal personages of his time.
Among his other patrons, were the families of
Wassenaer and Duivenvoorden, whose portraits he
painted, with those of the Earl and Countess of
Portland. Descamps reports, that the earl used
every persuasion to prevail on hiui to visit England,
but he declined, on account of the infirm state of
his health. His talents were not confined to por-
traits, as he occasionally painted domestic subjects
and conversations ; but in these he was very in-
ferior to his father. He was received into the
Society of Painters at the Hague in 1699, and was
afterwards appointed the Director. His ' Children of
Baron Suasso ' may be mentioned as one of his
best portraits. His works are to be found at
Rotterdam, St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, and in the
La Caze collection in the Louvre. He died at the
Hague in 1722.

NETSCHER, Theodok, the elder son and
scholar of Caspar Netscher, was born at Bordeaux
in 1661. At the age of eighteen he visited Paris,




under the patronage of Count Davaux, who had
been ambassador' from France to Holland. He
here received great encouragement as a portrait
painter during a residence of twenty years, which
caused him to be known at home as ' The French-
man.' He, however, returned at last to Holland,
fixed his residence at the Hague, and was employed
by the principal personages of the court. Des-
camps says he visited England in 1715, as pay-
master to the Dutch auxiliaries. He died at Hulst
in 1732. A portrait by him, dated 1681, is in the
Rotterdam Museum. In his larger pictures he
introduced fruit, flowers, Turkey carpets, and other
decorations, and he was particularly successful in
representing grapes and peaches.

NEUBEBGHE, Chhistophbk, a Tyrolese, who
painted historical pictures in the Vatican and at
the Palazzo Borghese. He was employed by the
Empress of Russia to copy all the most beautiful
pictures in the Vatican, and was living at Rome in

NEUCHATEL, Nicholas, also known as Lnci-
DEL, and, in the Antwerp guild books as Colyn
VAN NiEN-CASTEEL, a German-Flemish painter, was
born at Mons about 1520. He entered the studio
of Pieter Coucke, at Alost, while the elder Breughel
was a pupil there, namely in 1539. Soon after
1540, however, he left Alost for Mons, and some
years later took up his residence finally at Nurem-
berg, where he died at the end of the century. He
signed himself NicoLAUS DB Novo Castello. His
portraits are simple, lifelike, well drawn, and
sober in colour. Among them we may name the
following :

Gallery . Portrait of a youDg man.
Gallery. Portrait of the Mathematician
Johaun Neudorfer and his
„ Two male portraits.
„ A female portrait.
Belvedere. A male portrait.

And portraits at Darmstadt, Prague, Pesth, and

NEUE (Neve). See De Neve.

NEURATTER, Augostin, was a German en-
graver, who resided at Prague about the year 1715.
He engraved a set of figures, entitled ' Statuse
Pontis Pragensis,' published in that year. He
worked from 1704 to 1749, when he died. His
plates are found in many books, some of which it
is said he published at his own expense.

NEDVEL, Simon, (or Nbdvelt,) who usually
went by the name of Novellanus, was a designer
and engraver of Cologne towards the close of
the 16th century. In conjunction with Franz Ho-
genberg he etched twenty-one plates of ' The
Funeral Pomps of Frederick II. of Denmark,' pub-
lished in 1592. He also etched several of the plates
for Braun's ' Civitates Orbis Terrarum,' published
at Cologne in 1572 ; as well as ' The History of
Tobias,' in eight plates, and ' The Good Samaritan,'
(with Hogenberg,) in six. His son, .fl^GiDitrs
Nedvel, also engraved at Cologne in the early
part of the 17th century ; one of his plates is a
' Christ on the Cross.'

NEUVILLE, Alphonsb Maeib db, was born at
Saint Omer in 1836. His family was " noble " and
well to do in the world, and they wished him to
embark on an ofScial career. But he had set his
heart on the army as a profession, and he was there-
fore sent to the preparatory school at Lorient. The
drawing-master at Lorient is said to have at once



discovered his unusual talent with the pencil, and to
have prophesied his future success. After he left
Lorient he entered a law school in Paris, to please
his family. There he staid three years, passing
most of his time in picking up such knowledge of
military life as he could. After this he finally
made up his mind to be a painter, and after a year
of contention with his family, his father consented
to consult various well-known artists on his
chances. They all discouraged the idea, but Neu-
ville, nothing daunted, took a small studio and set
to work. He made the acquaintance of Delacroix,
then in his decline, and was very kindly treated by
hira. In 1859 he won a medal for his first exhibited
picture, and a year later he was commissioned by
the "Cercle Artistique," to paint them 'Garibaldi
taking Naples.' This picture was a failure. In
1861, however, he took a second-class medal at the
Salon with a ' Chasseurs de la Garde,' and from
that time onward his work attracted notice. His
great opportunity came with the war of 1870-71.
His weak constitution prevented him from bearing
an important part in it, but he became its chronicler
in paint. From the time that he exhibited his pic-
ture, ' The Last Cartridge,' there was scarcely a
better known artist in Europe. Neuville made a
great many designs for woodcuts, and at his death
was occupied with the drawings for an important
work in illustration of the incidents of a hard-fought
campaign. He died in Paris in 1885. Among his
works we may name :

Fighting in the Streets of Magenta. 1864.
Chasseurs-a-Pied crossing the Tchernaija {Lille

Museum). 1868.
Bivouac before Le Bourget (Dijon Museum). 1872.
The Last Cartridge. 1873.

Attack on a Barricaded House at Villersexel. 1874.
Surprise near Metz. 1875.
Battle of Forbach. 1877.
Cemetery of St. Privat.
Le Bourget.

Defence of Korke's Drift.
Cuirassiers at Eezonville.
The Storming of Tel-el-Kebir.
Le Parlementaire {his last picture) .

NEVE, CoENELius, an English portrait painter,
who practised in the reign of Charles I. He
painted a group of himself and his family, which
is now at Petworth. He painted also Lord Buck-
hurst and Mr. Edward Sackville in one piece in
1637. It is at Knole. In 1664 he painted Mr.
Ashmole in his herald's coat.

NEVE, (or Nbue,) Feans van. There were
several painters of this name, probably father,
son, and grandson. The first was inscribed in the
books of the Guild of St. Luke at Antwerp in
1630, and the third in 1691. It was therefore pro-
bably the second who was born, accordmg to
Balkema, at Antwerp in 1626, and died in 1681.
He studied the works of Rubens and Vandyck,
and at Rome those of Raphael, and became a
better designer and colourist than many of his
contemporaries. There are many of his pictures
at Antwerp. At Vienna are the portraits of the
Archduke Leopold, Governor of the Netherlands,
and Charles II. of Spain, with the Archduchess
Maria Anna. In the Lichtenstein Gallery are ' The
Judgment of Solomon ' and ' The Massacre of the
Innocents.' There are a number of etchings signed
' F de Neve, inv et fecit' Probably they are by the
second Van Neve, as the figures are well drawn,
and in the landscapes the foliage particularly well
expressed. ^^^




NEVEU, Mathijs, (or Naiveu,) was born at
Leyden ia 1647, and was first a scholar of Abraham
Torenvliet, but he had afterwards the advantage
of being instructed by tJerard Dou. He painted
domestic subjects afid conversations, and Hou-
braken highly commends a picture by him at
Amsterdam, representing the ' Worlds of Mercy,'
a composition of a great number of figures in-
geniously grouped. He died at Amsterdam in
1721. Some of his pictures have been imported
into England, but for the most part they are
confined to his own country. There is a ' St. Je-
rome ' by him in the Amsterdam Museum.

NEVEU, Noel ; a painter of this name won the
second ' Grand Prix ' of the Paris Academy in
1692, with an 'Abraham dismissing Hagar.'

NBWCOURT, RiCHAED, an English draughtsman
in the 17th century, who drew some of the illus-
trations for Dugdale's ' Monasticon Anglicanum.'

NEWENHAM, Feedbkick, an English portrait
and subject painter. He exhibited at the Royal
Academy from 1844 to 1855. There is a portrait
of H. M. Queen Victoria by him at the Junior
United Service Club. Newenham was horn in
1807, and died in 1859.

NEWMAN, Alfred. He was a pupil of George
Hawkins, and drew architectural subjects on stone,
illustrating a valuable series of works, principally
on Gothic Architecture. Among these are ' Bever-
ley Minster,' ' Johnson's Relics of Enolish Archi-
tecture,' ' W. B. Nesfield's Mediaeval Architecture,'
&c. Alfred Newman died in London, 13th March,
1866, aged 39.

NEWTON, Alfred P., painter in water-colours.
He was born in 1830. In 1858 he was elected an
associate, and in 1879 a full member of the Royal
Society of Painters in Water-colours. He died in
1883 at Roclj Eerry. He was a prolific exhibitor
in the rooms in Pall Mall East, sending in the last
year of his life no less than sixteen drawings, the
records of a visit to Greece. His work wns re-
markable for its delicacy, and for a certain poetry
of expression rather than for its vigour.

NEWTON, Edward, is the name of an engraver
affixed to a portrait of William Tansur, the musi-
cian, published with his ' Melodia Sacra.'

NEWTON, Francis Milner, was bom in Lon-
don in 1720, and was a pupil of Marcus Tuscher.
He confined himself to portrait painting, in which
he was considerably employed, though by no means
an able artist. At the foundation of the Royal
Academy he was chosen a member, and was ap-
pointed the first secretary to that institution, which
situation he filled until 1788, when he resigned.
He held for some time the office of ' Muster Mas-
ter ' for England, and generally wore the Windsor
uniform. He died in 1794, upon an estate which
had been left him, ne:)r Taunton.

NEWTON, Gilbert Stuart, was born at Halifax,
in Nova Scotia, in 1795. He commenced his studies
with Gilbert Stuart, who was his maternal uncle,
at Boston. He made a tour in Italy in 1817, and
then visited Paris, and in the course of the same
year he came to England and entered as a student
of the Royal Academy. He at first adopted Wat-
teau as his model, and produced several small
pictures much in the style of that master. His
first works that attracted notice were ' The For-
saken,' exhibited at the British Institution in 1821,
and 'The Lovers' Quarrel,' engraved for the
'Literary Souvenir' of 1826. The 'Prince of
Spain's Visit to Catalina ' was engraved in the


same annual in 1831, and he received 500 guineas
from the Duke of Bedford for the picture. His
other works, best known to the public by the
engravings, are ' Shylock and Jessica,' ' Yorick and
the Grisette,' in the National Gallery ; ' The Abbot
Boniface,' 'Portia and Bassanio,' in the South
Kensington Museum ; and ' Lear attended by Cor-
delia and the Physician.' He also painted a small
picture of 'Abelard in his Study, which he de-
posited as his diploma work on his election as
R.A. ; 'The Vicar of Wakefield restoring his
Daughter to her Mother ; ' ' The Poet, reading his
Verses to an impatient Gallant,' a piece of genuine
humour ; ' Macheath,' and a few portraits. The
' Macheath ' was purchased by the Marquis of
Lansdowne for 600 guineas. His last picture,
' Abelard ' was exhibited at the Royal Academy
in 1833, and it was about this time that he evinced
signs of aberration of mind, and these were fol-
lowed by unequivocal insanity, from which he
recovered only four days before his death. This
occurred on the 5th of Aijgust, 1835, at Chelsea.
He was a member of the Royal Academy from
1832. It is said that he was irritable and capricious ;
but he enjoyed the steady friendship and esteem
of Washington Irving and Charles R. Leslie. His

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 54 of 201)