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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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He engraved several plates after his own designs ;
the best is ' L'hommage du petit St. Jean.' He
was principal painter to the Duke of Orleans, and
Rector of the Royal Academy of Painting and
Sculpture in Paris, where he d ed in 1671. P. Syl-
vestre engraved his portrait of himself, and Nan-
teuil that of the Duke of Beaufort. His son Chables
(born 1647, died 1719) painted portraits with some
success, and was known as NocRET Jeunb.

NODDBE, E. P., an English painter of horses
and other animals, exhibited at the Royal Academy
from 1786 to 1820. He was appointed botanic
painter to George III., and after that exhibited a
few flower pictures. Nothing is known of his life.

NO^, AM:^DiE Charles Henri, Vicomte de.
This brilliant draughtsman and caricaturist was the
second son of Jude-Am6dee, Comte de Noe, a peer
of France. The name of the family, whose nobility
dates from the time of the Carlovingian kings, is
that of ii. small island near Mirande. There Ame-
d6e Charles was born the 20th of January, 1819.
The date and place of his birth are thus given
by G^rSme, who no doubt knew the facts. His
mother was an Englishwoman, and as he grew
up he combined in his manners the most striking
characteristics of the two nations from which he
derived his origin ; the calmness of the English-
man with the vivacity of the Frenchman. It was
to this singular union of very different qualities,
and to his ever ready wit that he owed his great
popularity. Although his talent for design had,
from his childhood, been known to his friends, and
had led to his abandoning the military career for
which he had been educated, to study under Paul
Delaroche, Charlet, and Lanny, it was only in 1842
that his first "album" appeared. It is entitled
' Calembours, bStises, jeux de mots tires par les
cheveux. Paris, 1842. Par Cham de N**' and
affords, it is said, the only instance in which the
name of ' Cham,' that he rendered so famous, is
combined with any hint at the de Noe. Between
that year and 1879, when he died, de Noe produced
at least forty thousand designs, illustrating every
phase of life in France and Algeria. They are to be
found in so many different publications, that want
of space will not permit us to name them separately.
Although ' Cham ' dealt so many hard blows, they
were always so fair and honest that de No^ was
a man esteemed alike by friends and fogs. One of
the former proposed to inscribe upon his tomb,
"Quarante ans d' esprit, et pas un de mechancete."
His wife, the Comtesse de No6, died in 1880, six
months after her gifted husband.

NOEL, AchiLle Jules, a French landscape and
marine painter, born at Quimper in 1815. His
works first appeared at the Salon in 1840, and he
was awarded a medal in 1853. He died in Paris
in 1881. As one of his best works we may name
'The Arrival of the Diligence at Quimper in the
time of the Directory.' The following pictures are
in the French public collections :
Besamjon. Museum. View of Brest Harbour. 1840.
Bordeaux. Museum. Two landscapes.
Nantes. Museum. Sea-piece. 1840.

NOEL, Alexis Nicolas, designer, lithographer,
and painter, was born at Clycliy-la-Garenne in




1792. He studied in Paris under David, and his
sketches in oil and water-colours represent land-
scapes, military scenes, hunts, and architectural
views. He published a ' Voyage Pittoresque et
Militaire en France et en AUeinagne, dessin^ d'apres
nature, par A. Noel : " most of the plates in this work
were lithographed by himself. He died in 1848.

NOEL, Alphonse L^on, a lithographer, born in
Paris in 1807, who studied under Gros, Hersent, and
Girodet. He began hia career as a painter, but
acquiring great skill in lithography, he devoted
his time almost exclusively to that branch of art.
Among a great number of works by him we may
name a set of lithographs from the more remarkable
pictures in the Gallery at Dresden. He reproduced
a number of Winterhalter's portraits of royalty.
He died in 1879.

NOEL, Jean Alexandre, a French marine
painter, was horn in 1750, and became a scholar
of Joseph Vernet. He visited California in 1768-70,
and afterwards Spain and Portugal, and painted
storms, fogs, conflagrations, moonlights, and falls
of snow, principally in water-colours. He also made
sketches of the combat of the French corvette. La
Bayonnaiae, with the English frigate, L'Embuscade,
and of a French frigate passing Alexandria by night.
He painted views of Gibraltar and Lisbon ; and was
an industrious exhibitor till the year 1822. His
views of Gibraltar and Cadiz have been engraved
by P. Hegi. He was still living in 1831.

NOEL, Peter Paul Joseph, was born at Waul-
sort sur Meuse, near Dinant, in 1789, and was there
instructed in the rudiments of art. At Antwerp
he studied under Herreyns and Regemorter, and
obtained several prizes there and at Brussels. In
Paris he became a disciple of Schwebach ; and after
visiting Rome, went to Brussels, where he for a
time painted landscapes with animals and figures,
and then devoted himself entirely to genre subjects.
He died at Sosoye in 1822. There are by him :

A Peasant falling from a Tree, and upsetting a Basket
of Fruit.

Halt of Bavarian Cavalry;

Postilion before an Inn.

The Market-place of Amsterdam. (Amste>-dam Museum.)

Girl with grapes. (The same.)

A Cavalry Outpost. {Brussels Museum.)

Repose of the Shepherds. (The same.)

NOFERI, MiCHBLE, a Florentine painter, of whom
little is known. He worked in the 17th century,
and was a pupil of Vinoenzo Dandini.

NOGARI, Giuseppe, a Venetian painter, was
born in 1699, and became a scholar of J. B. Pittoni
and Antonio Balestra. He especially devoted him-
self to the painting of half-length figures, and from
the numerous heads by him which have been
brought to England, it may be concluded that he
was an excellent portrait painter. He was Director
of the Academy at Venice, where he died in 1763.
We are indebted to him for the excellent copies of
the 'Madonna de San Sisto,' after Raphael, at Pia-
cenza, and the ' Notte,' after Correggio, at Modena.
T. Cattini and T. E. Hayd have engraved after him.
Among his better works we may name :

Dresden. Jtoi/al Gall. An old Man.

„ „ The Bust of an old Woman.

„ „ St. Peter.

Stockholm. Oallery. An old Man.

„ „ An old Woman with a Spindle.

NOGARI, Paris, (called -Romano,) a painter
and engraver of Rome, who flourished during the
pontificates of Gregory XIII., Sixtus V., and Clement

VIII. He imitated the manner of Rafl'aello Motta,
and was employed in the Loggie of the Vatican,
and in the library and church of the Lateran. He
also painted several pictures for other churches,
both in oil and fresco. In the church of the
Madonna de Monti is a picture by this master
representing our ' Saviour bearing his Cross ; ' in
San Spirito in Sassia, the ' Circumcision ; ' and in
the Trinity de' Monti, the ' Taking down from the
Cross.' In later yearp he painted in miniature and
practised engraving ; his best plate is considered to
be ' The Battle of King Ramirez with the Moors '
(1588). He died at Rome in 1596.

NOLlNi See Nollin.

NOLLEKENS, Joseph Francis, (called Old
NoLLEKENS,) was bom at Antwerp in 1702. He
came to England in 1733, and was for soi/ie time
a scholar of Pieter Tillemans. He painted land-
scapes and domestic subjects, and was much em-
ployed in copying the works of Watteau, and the
architectural views of Giovanni Paolo Pannini.
Lord Cobham employed him in several ornamental
works at Stowe ; and he was also patronized by
the Earl of Tilney. Nollekens died in London in
1748. He was the father of the sculptor, Joseph
Nollekens. His subjects, like Watteau's, were
often musical and fashionable conversations al
fresco, but they are not imitations of that master :
the scene is generally the gardens at Wanstead,
the seat of Lord Tilney. There is a painting at
Windsor by him containing portraits of Frederick
Prince of Wales and his sisters.

NOLLET, Dominique, was born at Bruges in
1640, and was a scholar of Frans van der Meulen
in Paris. He painted history, but was more dis-
tinguished for his landscapes, battles, and sieges.
His talents recommended him to the patronage of
Maximilian, Duke of Bavaria, who sent him to ac-
company the Duchess to Venice ; the governor of
the Low Countries also appointed him his principal
painter. He was made a member of the Society of
Painters at Bruges in 1687. In the church of the
Carmelites at Bruges is an altar-piece representing
' St Louis embarking for the Holy Land.' There
are several of his battle-pieces and landscapes in
private collections in Belgium. He died in Paris in
1736. His pictures on close inspection have more
the appearance of crude sketches than finished
works, but viewed at a proper distance, the colours
become warm, and the arrangement harmonious.

NOLLI, Carlo, painter and engraver, was a
native of Como, a son of Giovanni Battista Nolli
the architect, and a scholar of Agostino Masucci
and Corradi. He engraved after Guercino, Prima-
ticoio, Parmigianino, and others. He was em-
ployed by command of the King of Naples, on the
'AntiohitA, d'Ercolano ' (Napoli, 1757-62), and ^-
graved also for Hamilton's works on Greek, Etrus-
can, and Roman Antiquities. He died at Naples
in 1770.

NOLLI, Giovanni Battista, the father of
Carlo Nolli, was a native of Italy, and flourished
about the year 1755. He was an architect by pro-
fession, but he engraved nineteen sheets of plans
and views of buildings in Rome in 1748.

NOLLIN, (or Nolin,) J. B., a French engraver,
was born in Paris in 1657. He studied in Paris
under N. de Poilly, and in Italy, where he executed
some plates after Annibale Carracci, Nicholas
Poussin, and other masters. He engraved several
of the prints in a work entitled, ' Vues, plans,
coupes et elevations de Versailles.' He died in 1725.





NOLPB, PlETEE, a Dutch painter and engraver,
was born at the Hague about 1601. Of his works
as a painter little is known apparently beyond
a 'Dutch Landscape' in the Copenhagen Gal-
lery ; but we have several prints by him. They
are usually begun with the point, and finished
with the burin. His best productions are his
landscapes. He usually signed his prints with
his name at length, joining the initials P. and
N. together, and in a few instances with this

monogram J^. or ^^., only. He is said to

have engraved as early as 1616, and as late as
1670. The following are esteemed his best works :

The Portrait of Johana Adler Salvias, Swedish Minister

A set of eight Cavaliers ; etched.
A set of eighteen etchings of Beggars ; in the style of

P. Quasi.
St. Peter delivered from prison ; after J. V. Vucht.
Judah and Tamar, in a large landscape ; from his

own design. The same figures were afterwards

introduced into another landscape, of a smaller

The Broken Dyke ; from his own design (a masterpiece).
Daniel in the Den of Lions ; after Blancert.
An Allegorical Print on the Marriage of the Prince of

Orange with the Princess Mary of England.
A set of six Landscapes ; after Adriaan van Nieulant.
A set of six Landscapes ; after R. Roginan.
Eight Months of the Year ; Pieter Nolpe fee. et exc.
The Prophet Elijah and the "Widow of Sarepta.
St. Paul, the Hermit, fed by an Eagle in the Desert ;

after Pieter Potter.
The Cavalcade of 1638 at Amsterdam, on the entry of

Mary de' Medici into that city ; after C. Molyn ; a

large print in six sheets.
A Landscape in the style of Van Goyen. 1616,
Six plates of Costumes ; after P. Quast.
Six plates on the Entry of the Prince of Orange ; after

J. Wildens.
Ten plates on the Entry of Maria de' Medici; after

Moijart de Jonghe. 1639.
Thirty plates on the funeral of Prince Frederic Henry ;

after P. Post. 1651.

NON, Don. Viv. de. See Denon.

NON, J. C. E. DE Saint. See Saint Non.

NONOTTE, (or Nounotte,) Donat. This painter
was born at Besan^on in 1707, and became a
favourite pupil of Lemoine, who employed him on
many of his works, and whose biography he
eventually wrote. The death of his protector, the
Duke d'Antin, prevented his accomplishing a
long-desired journey to Rome. He was made
painter to the King, and a member of the Academy
of Paris in 1741. In 1764 he was appointed painter
to the city of Lyons, where he established a free
school of design, the model of all subsequent
institutions of the kind in France. He published a
' Complete Treatise on Painting,' in four parts, and
vvas in a literary capacity Associate of the Academies
of Rouen and Lyons. He died at the latter city
in 1785. His historical pictures are of the style
of his age, displaying an abuse of allegory. One
of them is the ' Taking of Besanjon by the
Protestants.' But after the earlier portion of his
career, he abandoned this branch of art for por-
traiture. Among his portraits we may name :

Eobert le Lorrain, sculptor (engraved hy J. N-

Gentil Bernard, (engraved by DaulU).

NONZIO, (or Anndnzio,) an Italian miniaturist,
was born at Trent, but lived and worked at Milan
in the last half of the 18th century. His daughter,
Fede Galizia {q.v.'), was born at 'Trent in 1576.


NOOMS, Renieb, (or Remigius,) commonly
called Zeeman, was bom at Amsterdam about 1612.
Very little is known of his life. It is supposed
that at one time he worked with the elder Willem
van de Velde. He resided for a long time in
Berlin, where hei- was painter to the Elector
Frederick William ; he also visited England and
France. On etchings published by him in Amster-
dam, we find the dates 1662, 1664, and 1666 ; on
others published in Paris, 1650 and 1652. He
also etched three plates of the naval fights
between the English, French, and Dutch, which
took place in 1673. The paintings of Nooms
betray the influence chiefly of Backhuysen and
Claude. The date of his death is not known, but
it must have been later than 1673. Isaak and
Enoch Zeeman, who were working in London about
the middle of the 18th century, were most likely
related to Nooms. Paul Zeeman was the son of
Enoch. (See Zeeman.) Among the better works of
Nooms we may name :

Amsterdam. Museum. Sea-fight near Leghorn, 14th
March, 1653.
„ „ View of Amsterdam.

Berlin. Museum. A Quiet Sea.

„ • „ Seashore with Boats.

Paris. Louvre. View of the old Louvre, from

the South bank of the Seine
(a masterpiece/ etched by
Vienna. Belvedere. A Sea-piece.

The following is a list of his plates :
Two plates of Block-houses.
Landscape with Canal and Boats.
The Dutch Herring Fleet.

A set of eight plates of Shipping ; designed and en-
graved by Remy Zeeman. 1632.
A set of four Views in Amsterdam. 1636.
A set of four Sea-ports in Holland ; published at

Amsterdam in 1656.
The Four Elements ; in four plates ; Eeinier Seeman^fec.
Two Views in Paris, one of the Faubourg St. Marceau,

the other of the Gate of St. Bernard.
A set of twelve Views of Shipping; published in

London by Ar Tooker.
NOORDE, Coenelis van, painter and engraver,
was born at Haarlem in 1731. He was the scholar
successively of F. Decker and F. H. Jalgersma,
and afterwards became master of the Haarlem
school of design. He died in 1795. Among his
works may be named :

His own portrait, in chalk and Indian ink.

„ „ a woodcut.

Portrait of Frans Hals, a mezzotint.
A View of Haarlem, engraving after J. Van Eyck.
A Landscape with Cow (etching).
Van Noorde signed himself C. V. N.

NOORDEEWIEL, Hendrik, a painter on glass,
who was one of the founders of the ' Pictura ' fra-
ternity at the Hague in 1666.

NOORDT, Jan van, was a painter of the 17th
century, who produced emblematical subjects,
bathing nymphs, and also portraits, some of
which have been engraved. Strutt cites him
as an engraver, on account of an etching dated
1645, of a ' Landscape with Ruins,' probably after
P. Lastmann. Bartsoh mentions another after P.
van Laer ; and the portrait of Prince Baltazar
Carlos of Spain, inscribed, ' Juan de Noort fedt^
is probably by him.

NOORT, Adam van, painter, was born at
Antwerp in 1557. He was the son of Lambert
van Noort, and shares with Otho Van Veen and
others the honour of guiding the youthful steps of
Rubens, The facts of his life are obscure. He has




sometimes been represented as a brutalized victim
of dissipation, but considerable doubt hangs about
many of the traditions to that effect. He is said
to be the author of the ' Tribute of St. Peter,'
in the church of St. James at Antwerp, in which
case he must have had a genius for colour only
inferior to that of Rubens. Van Noort's daughter
became the wife of Jordaens, who was his pupil.
Pictures under the name of Van Noort are very
rare, although in his long Jife he must have
produced a great number. They pass, no doubt,
as a rule, under the names of his various pupils.
Van Noort died at Antwerp in 1641. Among his
works we may name :

Gallery. Christ blessing the Children.


St. Michael's ]

The Cure of the Lame Man,

A ' Standard-bearer ' at Munich, now tentatively
ascribed to Hendrik Goltzius, is perhaps by Adam
van Noort.

NOORT, Arthds van, a painter on glass, who
flourished at Nymeguen in the 16th century.

NOORT, Lambekt van, historical painter, was
born at Amersfort about 1620, and became a
master of the guild at Antwerp in 1647. He was
the father of Adam van Noort. He died in 1571.
In the Antwerp Museum there is a 'Nativity' by
him, signed Lamhertus a Noort, Invert, : pingehat
Ao. 1665, as well as fifteen other pictures. At
Brussels the Museum possesses an 'Adoration
of the Shepherds,' and a ' Descent from the Cross.'
Lambert designed the windows in St. John's
Church at Gouda, and himself painted two of
them, which were dated 1651 and 1559. He also
practised with success as an architect.

NOORT, PiETEB VAN, a little known Dutch
painter of the 17th century, who painted fish and

NOORTlG, Jan, (or Noortbys,) a native of Fries-
land, and painter of genre subjects in the manner
of Bega. According to Kramm he was an amateur.
He flourished about 1660.

NOOTT, Wemmer, a native of Arnhem, who
flourished between 1670 and 1760. He lived chiefly
at Emmerik, where he painted perspectives, and
excelled in the imitation of sculptured surfaces.

NOP, Gebbit, an obscure painter, who was
born at Haarlem late in the 16th century. He
lived for a time in Germany and Italy, where he
painted history and portraits. He died in 1622.

NORBERT, Pater. See Bahmgartner, Joh.

a painter and etcher, was bom at Misy, near Sens,
in Burgundy, in 1745. He was a pupil of
Casanova. In 1774 he visited Poland, and founded
a' school for painters at "Warsaw ; he also became
court-painter to King Stanislaus, by whom he was
subsequently knighted. He returned to Prance
in 1804, and died in 1830. His most important
works, seventy-seven etchings of scenes from the
Bible, heads, and landscapes, are in the style of
Rembrandt. He signed his plates with the initials
N; N. f.\ N. 1776. W. (that is Warsowiae), or
a monogram.

Louis Guillaume, the son of Jean-Pierre and an
historical painter, was born at Warsaw in 1796.
Taken to Paris when young, he, studied under
Regnault and Blondel, and in the Ecole des Beaux
Arts. In 1823 he obtained the second, and in
1825 the first, grand jrrix ; which enabled him to
pursue his studies in Rome. He returned to France

in 1882. There are several of his works in the
church of St. Louis en I'lsle, in Paris, and the
Orleans Museum possesses his ' Death of Ugolino.'

NORCINO (or Norcini). See Paeasolb.

NORDBN, Frederick Ludwig, a Danish naval
captain and draughtsman, was born at Gliickstadt
in 1708. He travelled for Christian VI. in Egypt
and Nubia, and coming to England, he published
with his illustrations, 'Travels in Egypt and
Nubia,' and 'Ruins at Thebes' (1741). He died
in 1742. There is another edition in French
(Copenhagen; 1756), in which the plates are en-
graved by M. Tycher.

NORDEN, John, an English artist, was an
eminent engraver of topographical subjects. An-
thony W^ood conjectures, with great probability,
that he was the author of several tracts which he
enumerates, and thinks he was born in Wiltshire,
about the year 1646. He was a commoner of
Hart Hall, Oxford, in 1564, and took the degree of
Master of Arts in 1673. He resided at Hendon, in
Middlesex, was patronized by Lord Burleigh, and
his son, Robert, Earl of Salisbury, and was sur-
veyor of the King's lands in 1614. He died about
1626. His principal work, as an engraver, was his
' Speculum Britanniae,' or an Historical and Topo-
graphical Description of Middlesex and Hertford-
shire, with a frontispiece and maps. He also
engraved a 'View of London' in 1609, with a
representation of the Lord Mayor's Show ; and a
series of costumes.

NORGATE, Edward, "limner,"' was the son
of Dr. Robert Norgate, master of Bennet College,
Cambridge, where he was born. He was brought
up by Nicholas Felton, Bishop of Ely, who married
his mother. He showed early a strong inclination
for Heraldry and Illumination, As he became not
only one of the best artists in the latter branch of
art, but also an excellent judge of pictures by the
old masters, he was sent to Italy by the Earl of
Arundel to make purchases for him in that country.
Fuller speaks of him as the best illuminator of his
time, and he became Windsor Herald and Clerk
of the Signet. Fuller says that he died at the
Herald's Office the 23rd December, 1660, but Dal-
laway says that his ' Miniature, or the Art of Lim-
ning,' in his own hand, is dated 1664. Among his
best works were a letter from James I. to the
' Sophy ' of Persia, and the letters-patent appointing
the Earl of Stirling Governor of Nova Scotia. The
latter was found in the last century, and was at
first attributed to Van Dyck.

NORIEGA, Pedro, a Spanish historical painter
of little note, who was living at Madrid in 1668.

NORMAND, Charles Pierre Joseph, designer,
engraver, and architect, was bom at Goyencourt
(Lourme) in 1765. He was instructed by M.
'Thieriy and Gizors, and in 1792 obtained a prize
and went to Rome, where he pursued his studies.
He exhibited in the Louvre in 1800 and 1802,
published a number of works with plates, and pre-
pared others for the 'Annales du Mus^e,' 'Les
vies des peintres, par Landon,' and ' Nouveau
parallfele des ordres d'architecture des Grecs, des
Remains, et des auteurs modernes ' (1819), Among
his other plates may be mentioned :

The Miracle of the Loaves ; after Raphael.

The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel ; after Michelangelo.

He died in Paris in 1840.

NOEMAND, LoDis Marie, son of the above,was
taught design by Lafitte, and engraving by his
father. He was born in Paris in 1789. Besides





the plates for a large number of books, he engraved
the ' Marriage at Cana,' after Paul Veronese, and
other important works.

N0R8INI (or Noksino). See Parasole.

NORTHCOTE, James, an English historical and
portrait painter, was born at Plymouth in 1746.
His father was a watchmaker, and he for sonie
time assisted in the same business, but with his
whole mind bent upon being a painter. The fame
of his countryman, Joshua Reynolds, inflamed his
desire ; and the kind view that some of his towns-
men took of his attempts in art, and their friend-
ship or acquaintance with the President, introduced
Northcote to his notice. In his 25th year he was
permitted to enter the studio of Sir Joshua, and he
remained in the employment of that master for
about five years. In 1777 he went to Rome, to
see, as his biographer says, ' if fame reported truly
of the prime works of the chiefs of the calling.' The
journey at least enabled him to talk of Michelangelo,
Raphael, and Titian. This he never ceased doing,
and his productions served as commentaries. North-
cote returned to England in 1780, and applied him-
self to the long life's work which did not come
to an end till more than fifty years had passed.
Among his best pictures may be named, ' The
Death of Wat Tyler' {City of London Oallei-y);
' The Murder of the Children in the Tower ; ' ' The
Entry of Bolingbroke and Richard II. ; ' ' Hubert
and Arthur ; ' ' The Earl of Argyll asleep ; ' ' Lidy
Jane Grey ; ' Prospero and Miranda ; ' ' A Vulture
and Snake;' 'A Lion Hunt,' and some others of
the like kind, in which he showed a considerable gift

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 56 of 201)