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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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for animal painting. His portraits are numerous ;
but whatever veneration he felt for Titian, or for
his master Sir Joshua, he failed to emulate their
works. In 1796 he published a series of ten en-
gravings from his own pictures, the subject being
the contrasted careers of ' A Diligent ' and ' A
Dissipated Maidservant,' a sort of female version
of Hogarth's ' Idle and Industrious Apprentice.'
It is a very feeble performance. There is a por-
trait of Northcote, by himself, in the National
Portrait Gallery, and another in the gallery of
Haarlem. In the forrner collection there are also
portraits by him of Jenner and Lord Exmouth.
Northcote was elected A.R.A. in 1786 ; R.A. in
1787 ; and died in 1831.

Northcote exercised the pen as well as the pencil.
His earliest known literary productions are some
papers published in ' The Artist,' entitled ' Origin-
ality of Painting ; ' ' Imitators and Collectors ; '
' A Letter from a discontented Genius ; ' ' Character
of John Opie ; ' ' Second Letter of a discontented
Genius ; ' ' On the Imitation of the Stage in Paint-
ing ; ' ' The History of the Slighted Beauty ; ' ' Ths
Dream of a Painter, an allegory.' His most im-
portant performances as a writer, are his ' Life of
Sir .Joshua Reynolds,' containing anecdotes of many
distinguished personages, and a brief analysis ; to
which are added, ' Varieties on Art,' published in
1813, in quarto. A supplement appeared in 1816;
and an octavo edition in 1819, with considerable
additions. In 1828 he published an octavo volume
of ' One hundred Fables,' original and selected,
with engravings on wood from his own designs. In
1830 appeared the ' Life of Titian ; ' and, after his
decease, a second volume of Fables, published under
the title of 'The Artists' Book of Fables," and
illustrated with numerous woodcuts, executed
under the direction of Harvey. The curious
process Northcote made use of in designing these

cuts has been often described. He clipped figures
of animals out of all kinds of books, papers, &c.,
and selecting such as fitted the fable to be embel-
lished, pasted them down to paper in the required
places, filling in backgrounds with his pencil. The
designs thus made were freely interpreted by the

NORTHEN, Adolf, battle painter, was bom at
Miinden in Hanover, in 1828, studied from 1847
to 1861 at the Academy of Diisseldorf. In his
first productions he painted scenes from the wars
of Napoleon I., and brought himself especially into
notice by his ' Battle of Waterloo' (1856), which
is in possession of the King of Hanover, and at a
later date he executed several lively and charac-
teristic sketches from the Franco-German war.
He died at Diisseldorf in 1876. The following are
some of his best pictures :

Guerillas with captured French Soldiers. 1852.

The Skirmish on the Gohrde. Hildesheim Mus. 1852.

Napoleon's Retreat from Russia.

Bpis'ode at Gravelotte.

The Prussian Guards at Komgr'iAz.

Attack of the 16th Uhlan Regiment, near Vionville.

NORTON, Christophee, an English engraver in
the latter half of the 18th century. He studied in
the St. Martin's Lane Academy, and at Rome in
1769, gnining a Society of Arts' premium the same
year. There are plates by him after Pillement,
Vaudevelde, Canot, &c.

NOSADELLA. See Brizzi, Franc.

NOTER. See Db Noter.

NOTER, AuGUSTE Herman db, the son of P. P.
Noter, was born at Ghent in 1806. He painted
landscapes and scenery in winter in the style of
the Wouvermans. He died in 1889.

NOTER, Pierre FRANgois de, was bom at Wal-
hem, near Malines. He was the son of an architect
and a pupil of Van Gheel the sculptor, but in 1811
devoted himself entirely to painting, in which he
rose to some eminence. His pictures represent
landscapes, shipping, and above all streets and
the interiors of churches. In 1824 he was a
member of the Academy of Amsterdam, and Pro-
fessor in that of Ghent. In most of the Museums
of Belgium, Holland, and the north of France his
pictures are to be found. He died in 1842.

NOTERMANN, Emanuel, animal and genre
painter, was born at Oudenarde in 1808, and
studied in the Academy at Ghent, but in 1830 he
became a scholar of Maes-Canini, and finished his
art education under Peter Kremer. His paintings
represent domestic scenes by day- and candle-light,
consecrations of churches, carnivals, &c. He died in
1863. His best known works are : 'A Spaniel,' and
' A Poacher bewailing the Loss of his Dog.' Among
his etchings, which are rare, ' The Death of Anton
Van Dyck,' after P. Kremer, is the best.

NOTHNAGEIi, Johann Andreas Benjamin, a
German painter and engraver, was born at Buch,
in the principality of Saxe-Coburg, in 1729. He
resided at Frankfort, and worked at the manufacture
of wall-papers under Lentzner, after whose death
he married his widow and continued the business
himself. He acquired considerable reputation as a
painter of laijdscapes with merry-makings, in the
style of Teniers ; but he is now more known as an
engraver. His best productions are a number of
heads and busts, in w'nich he has imitated the style
of Rembrandt with great success. His plates
amount to sixty-five, marked with .A', and a nail,
or B.N.F. He died at F.ankfort in 1804.




NOTTI, Gheeardo dalle. See Honthorst.

NOUAILHIER, (or Notlier,) was the name of
a family of enamel painters of Limoges from the
16th to the 19th century : — CouLY, or Colin, was
burgomaster from 1513-31. Jacques was bom in
1605, and flourished under Louis XIV. ; he painted
the ' Adoration of the Magi,' after Van Aken, in
the Louvre at Paris. Pierre, was born in 1657,
and flourished 1686 — 1717. Jean-Baptiste was
born in 1752, and died in 1804. A collection of
the works of these artists is in possession of M. de
Lille-Loture at Orleans.

NOVA, Pecino de. There were several artists
at Bergamo of this name. Tassi quotes documents
which prove that Pecino and Piero de Nova were
two different men. The former was the son of
Alberto de Nova, a painter. Pecino worked at
intervals at Santa Maria Maggiore, Bergamo, from
1363 to 1381. In 1375 Piero, who was probably the
brother of Pecino, Pecino, and Michele de Ronclio,
a Milanese, were all working in conjunction at the
above church. Fragments of frescoes by one of
the Novas can still be seen in the belfry, together
with a 'Virgin and Saints,' 'The Epiphany,' and
other Scripture subjects. On the front of a house
in the Contrada Sant' Andrea, Bergamo, some re-
mains of frescoes by one of the Novas can also be
seen. We may also name two altar-pieces at
Bergamo :

Virgin and Child, with SS. Catharine, Francis, and

Virgin and Child, with SS. Bartholomew and Agatha.

There are other works of theirs in the Loochis
Carrara Gallery.

Pecino de Nova was still working at Bergamo
in 1399, and was buried there 6th June, 1403.

NOVARRA. See Ricci.

NOVELIERS, Pierre. In 1606, a painter of this
name was appointed conservator of the pictures in
the palaces of Brussels and Tervueren.

NOVELIERS, Salomon, son of the last-named.
In 1618 he succeeded to the office of his father, and
Was also named painter to the court. In 1613 he
was commissioned to catalogue the pictures left by
Charles de Croy, Due d'Arschot. A certain David
Novelises is supposed to have been a second son
of Pierre.



NOVELLI, Feancesoo, the elder, an engraver,
was born at Venice in 1764. After learning the
principles of his art under his father, he attended
the Academy of his native place for some time,
and then went to Rome. In conjunction with
Cumano he etched the works of Rembrandt with
Buch skill that his copies have been often mistaken
for the originals ; he also imitated the designs
of Mantegna with success, and engraved that
artist's 'Madonna della Vittoria' (about 1800),
The date of his death is not recorded. He was a
member of several academies. He signed his prints
with a monogram in a circle. His son of the same
name was also an engraver.

NOVELLI, PiETRO, painter and engraver, called,
from his birthplace, Monrbalese, or Moerealesb,
was born in 1603. He resided for a long time in
Palermo, but in later life, it is said, he visited
Rome, which city, ae well as the former, possesses
several pictures from his hand. He was living up
to 1660. His masterpiece is the ' Marriage at
Cana,' in the refectory of the Benedictines at Mon-

reale. Novelli's style is a little like that of Cara-
vaggio. His life was published by Agostino Gallo
(Palermo: 1829).

NOVBLLO, Giovanni Battista, a painter of
Castelfranco, and pupil of the younger Palma. In
the neighbourhood of Castelfranco are some good
altar-pieces by him. He was (he master of Pietro
Domini. He was born in 1578, and died in 1652.

NOYLIER. See Nouailhee.

NUERI, AvANzio, painter, was born at Castello,
near Rome, studied under Pomerancio, and was
employed by Sixtus V. His works are to be found
in the churches of Rome. He was born in 1562,
and died in 1629.

NUIJEN, WuNAND Jan Joseph, (Nuyen,) painter
and designer, a scholar of A. Schelfhout, was born
in 1813, and died at the Hague in 1839. In his
sixteenth year he exhibited a landscape at Glient,
for which he received a prize ; some time after he
obtained a first prize from the Felix Meritis society
at Amsterdam. In 1838 a winter scene, which he
exhibited at Ghent, attracted attention, and led to
his nomination as a member of the Academy of the
Fine Arts at the Hague. He was also a member
of that of Antwerp and of the Netherlands Insti-
tute. His premature death prevented the full
development of his talents. There is a landscape
with ruins by him in the Amsterdam Museum,
which is considered one of his finest works.

NUMAN, Hermanus, painter and etcher, was
born at Bzinge, near Groeningen, in 1744. He first
designed and painted birds and landscapes, but
devoted himself later on to portraiture in oil and
pastel, and studied engraving under Le Bas at
Paris. He produced many portraits at Amsterdam,
and published in 1797 a series of etchings repre-
senting Dutch country houses. He died in 1820.

NUNEHAM, Simon Haecouet, Viscount, was an
amateur etcher. There are various landscape plates
by him, some after Paul Sandby, and some ' Views
of the Ruins at Stanton Harcourt.' He became the
second Earl Harcourt, and died in 1809.

NUNES, Philip, (or Fea Philipe das chazas,)
a Portuguese artist, bom at Villa Real de Tras-os-
montes. He entered holy orders in 1591, and took
the name of Fra Philipe das Chazas (of the wounds).
He was one of the most celebrated artists in
Portugal in his time, and author of ' Arte de
pintura, symetria e perspectiva,' 1615.

NUNEZ, JnAN, one of the earliest of the painters
of Seville, lived at the commencement of the 16th
century, and was a scholar of Sanchez de Castro,
and married Ana de Castro, a relation of that master.
The greater number of his works have been de-
stroyed. In the cathedral of Seville there is still
a picture by him representing the ' Virgin with
the dead Christ in her arms, accompanied by St.
Michael and St. Vincent Martyr j' in the fore-
ground are several figures on their knees adoring
the Virgin. This picture Cean Bermudez compares
to the work of Albert Diirer.

NUSEZ, Pedeo, was born at Madrid early in the
17th century. He studied under Juan de Soto,
and afterwards at Rome, it is said under Gueroino.
On his return he painted a series of the Spanish
sovereigns for the theatre of the Alcazar at Madrid.
In 1625, by command of Prieto, General of the
Order of Mercy, he executed some works for the
cloister of the convent of the order. He died at
Madrid in 1654, having unsuccessfully competed
with Angelo Nardi for the post of King's painter.





NUNEZ DE VILLA VICENGIO, Pedeo, a chevalier
of the order of St. John, was born at Seville in
1635, of an illustrious family. He studied painting
for amusement, and placed himself under the direc-
tion of Murillo, to whom he became the most
attached friend. Such was his progress in the art,
that from an amusement it became his constant
occupation. Asa knight of the order of St. John,
he was obliged to perform the usual expedition
{las carabanas) ; and on his arrival at Malta he
placed himself under Matteo Preti, called II Cala-
brese, who was also a knight of the same order ;
and with hira he increased his knowledge, particu-
larly in chiaroscuro. On his return to Spain he
rejoined Murillo, who loved him tenderly, and for
whom he felt such attachment and veneration that
he always resided with him. The two conjointly
founded the Academy of Seville. The master died
in the arms of his scholar. Villavicencio, like
Antolinez, Tobar, and Meneses Osorio, approached
so near to the manner of Murillo in painting cliil-
dren, that it is sometimes diflicult to decide be-
tween the two ; he was also an excellent portrait
painter. He died at Seville in 1700. There is a
picture by him A Alton Towers, the seat of Lord
Shrewsbury, partaking of the dark manner of Cala-
brese. It i-epresents the Virgin sewing, and Joseph
embracing the child Jesus. The Madrid Museum
contains a picture by him of ' Boys playing with
Dice ; ' and the Suermondt Gallery at Cologne had a
' Child Jesus, in a Landscape.' The Carmen Calzado,
at Seville, has also some genre pictures and por-
traits by him, including his own portrait.

NUNZIATA, ToTO (or Antonio del), painter,
was a pupil of Ridolfo Ghirlandaio. He is said to
have visited England in 1531.

NOSBIEGBL, Johann, (or Nussbiegel,) an en-
graver, born at Nuremberg in 1740, was a son
and scholar of Geobs Paul Nusbiegel (who died
1776). He studied perspective under Stettner,
and attended the Academy at Nuremberg under
Preissler. He engraved several plates and por-
traits for Lavater's works, and executed some
others after the designs of Chodowiecki. One of
his best plates is the ' Death of Sohwerin,' after
Berger. He died in 1818.

NUTI, GitTLiA. See under Mabini, Ant.

NUTSCHIDEL. See Nedechatel.

NUTTER, William, an English engraver, who
studied under J. Smith and Bartolozzi, and practised
in the stippled manner. He was born in 1754.
There are plates by him after Reynolds, Morland,
Westall, Hoppner, Wheatley, and Russell. He
died in Somers Town in 1802.

NUTTING, Joseph, was an English engraver,
who resided in London at the beginning of the
17th century. He was principally employed by
the booksellers, and executed among others the
following portraits :

Charles I., with the persons who suffered ia his cause.

Mary Capel, Duchess of Beaufort ; after Walker.

Matthew Mead, father of Dr. Mead.

Sir John Cheke.

Lucius Gary, Viscount Falkland.

Robert Pierpoint, Earl of Kingston.

George St. Loo, Commissioner for the Navy.

Henry Sacheverel, D.D.

John Locke.

Aaron Hill.

G. Parker, the Almanack-maker.

Johannes Jacobus Scheuchzerus ; after Melchior Fuss-

WiUiam Elder, Engraver ; after Faithorne.

Dr. Monk, Bishop of Hereford, who died in 1661.

NUVOLONE, Carlo Francesco, (called Pan-
FILO,) was the eldest son of Panfilo Nuvolone, and
was born at Milan in 1608. He received his tirst
instruction from his father, but was afterwards a
scholar of Giulio Cesare Procaccini. He abandoned"
the principles of that master to imitate the works
of Guido Heni, and some of his pictures, particularly
those of the Virgin, approach so near to the style
of the latter, that he acquired the soubriquet of
' the Guido of Lombardy.' In the oratory adjoin-
ing the church of San Vincenzio at Piacenza is his
'Purification of the Virgin,' considered his best
work. In the church of San Vittore, at Milan,
is a fine picture by him of ' St. Peter's Miracle at
the Gate of the Temple.' Other works of his are in
public buildings at Parma and Cremona. He
also painted portraits with great success. In the
year 1649, when the Queen of Spain visited Milan,
he was selected to paint her portrait. He died in

NUVOLONE, Giuseppe, also called Panfilo, was
the younger brother of Carlo Francesco Nuvolone,
and was born at Milan in 1619. Possessed of a
fervid imagination, and great facility of hand, his
works form a striking contrast to those of his
brother. During a long life, he painted many
altar-pieces for the churches at Brescia, and other
cities in the states of Venice. A ' St. Jerome ' in
the church of San Tommaso at Piacenza is regarded
as one of his best productions. Towards the latter
part of his life his powers became languid and
feeble, which is not extraordinary, as he continued
to paint till his eighty-fourth year. He died in

NUVOLONE, Panfilo, was a native of Cremona,
and flourished about the year 1608. He was one
of the ablest disciples of Giovanni Battista Trotti,
and painted history in the style of that master. In
the church of the monastery of SS. Domenioo and
Lazzaro at Milan, is one of his principal works,
representing the ' Rich Man and Lazarus ; ' and in
the cupola of the church of La Passione, the ' As-
sumption of the Virgin.' Zani places his death in

NUVOLSTELLA. See Nivolstella.

NUYEN. See Nuijen.

NUZI, Allegretto, (or Nucci di Nuzio,) called
Allegretto, or Gbitto, da Fabriano, was born at
Fabriano in the 14th century, and first appears on
the Register of Florence in 1346, at which date he
may be said to have brought to that city the man-
ner of the Umbrian school. Nothing is known of
the details of his life, and the earliest picture signed
and dated by him is a ' Madonna and Child, between
the Archangel Michael and St. Ursula,' with the
six donors kneeling on each side of the throne,
which bears the date of 1366. In 1369 he executed
the altar-piece now in the sacristy of the catliedrrd
of Macerata ; and in 1372 he completed the ' Virgin
and Cliild,' now in the possession of Signer Romo-
aldo Fornari, of Fabriano ; the same gentleman
also possesses an ' Ecce Homo ' that can be assigned
to Allegretto. In the Gallery at Berlin are two
panels by this artist, viz., a 'Virgin and Child,
between SS. Catherine and Bartholomew,' and a
' Crucifixion.' Crowe and Cavalcaselle have attri-
buted to this artist an altar-piece now in the
sacristy of the Fabriano cathedral, containing the
' Virgin and Child, with SS. Bartholomew, John
the Evangelist, and Mary Magdalene ; ' as also the
' St. Augustine between SS. Nicholas of Tolentiuo
and Stephen,' in the sacristy of Sant' Agostino,




in the same city. According to Ricci, Allegretto
is the author of the frescoes in Santa Lucia of
Fabriano, which represent the ' Death and Coron-
ation of the Virgin,' the ' Crucifixion,' and other
sacred subjects, executed between 1345 and 1349.
Other paintings by him are to be found at Canoello,
near Fabriano. in which church he was buried in
1385. He signed his pictures, Allegrettus Nutii
de Fabriano.

NUZZi, Mario, called Mario da' Fiori, or Mario
DELLA Penna, was bom at Penna, in the diocese
of Fermo, in 1603, and was a scholar of his uncle
Tominaso Salini, a flower painter. He chiefly
resided at Rome, where his pictures of fruit and
flowers were held in the highest estimation. But
from using sometliing of a noxious quality in the
preparation of his colours, his works soon lost their
original freshness, and many of them have almost
entirely perished. He was in 1657 made a member
of the Academy of St. Luke, and died at Rome in
1673. He was much employed in painting garlands
to decorate figures of the Virgin, Saints, and other
religious subjects. The church of Sant' Andrea
della Valle at Rome contains a wreath of flowers
painted by him round Andrea Camassei's portrait
of St. Cajetanus. A ' Bird Concert ' was engraved
after him in mezzotint by Earlom.

DiONlJS VAN, son and scholar cf Elias, was bom at
Rotterdam in 1705. He painted similar subjects
to those by his father, and also excelled in por-
traiture. It is related that at the age of eighty-
one he painted, without the aid of spectacles, a
perfect likeness of a young lady. His crayon
drawings are also much esteemed. He died in
1798 or 1799.

NYMEGEN, Elias van, was born at Nymeguen
in 1667, and was taught the first elements of the
art by his elder brother, who was an indifferent
painter of flowers and portraits ; but on the death of
his instructor, when he was little more than fourteen
years of age, lie resolved to dispense with further
assistance, and applied himself to the study of
nature till he became a tolerably correct designer
of the figure, and acquired a competent acquaint-
ance with perspective and architecture. He also
excelled in painting landscapes and fiowers. His
principal occupation was ornamenting the ceilings
and saloons of mansions in Holland, with emblem-
atical and historical subjects, embellished with
bas-reliefs and other accessories. His talents re-
commended him to the patronage of the Princess
of Orange, who employed him in adorning the
apartments of her different palaces, in which he
was occupied several years. He died atEotterdani
in 1755.

NYMEGEN, Gerard van, was the son of Dionijs,
and was born at Rotterdam in 1735. He was in-
structed by his father, and at a very early age painted
the portrait of Prince William V., which was en-
graved by Beauvarlet ; but he applied himself more
particularly to landscape, in which he made the works
of Ruysdael, Everdingen, and Pynacker his models.
His best pieces are mountainous landscapes, and
forest scenery with rivulets, ornamented with
animals and figures. He painted many portraits,
and made drawings and copies after Jacob Ruys-
dael, Wynants, Hackaert, and Hobbema. There
exist twenty-one etchings of landscapes by him.
He died at Rotterdam in 1808.

NYMEGEN, Susanna Catharina van, born
ViJGH, the wife of Gerard van Nymegen, has left
several drawings of landscape of some merit. She
died in 1805.

NYMEGEN, Tobias van, the younger brother of
Elias van Nymegen, was born at Nymeguen about
the year 1670. His technical education was similar
to that of Elias ; and he pursued the same branch
of the art. He was invited to the court of the
Elector Palatine, in whose service he remained till
his death, the date of which is not ascertained.

NYMEGEN, (or NIMWEGEN,) Willbm van,
of Haarlem, was admitted as master into the
Guild of St. Luke, at Delft, in 1684. He was cele-
brated for imitating engravings with the pen. He
died in 1698.

NYPOORT, Jdstds van (or van der), painter and
etcher, a little-known artist, who is, nevertheless,
of some importance. He painted scenes of peasant
life, often humorous, several of which he etched
in the style of Ostade. He flourished about 1680.
Plates :

Pat. Joan. Maldonatus ; an Angel beside him and Death

in the distance.
Zoylus ; " De gustibus non est disputandum."
Peasants in a Eoom.

Interior of Farm-house, with the Farmer and his Family.
A Knife-grinder before a Farm-house.
A Peasant with his Wife and Child.
Peasants drinking and playing Cards.
Peasants and Children in an interior.
Three Peasants smoking and drinking.
Group of three Boors in a Cottage.
The Fruit-dealer.
A company of Peasants
Three Card-players.
A Boor looking into an empty Jug.
A village Surgeon and a Boor with toothache.
Landscape, with a Sacrifice.
A Genius laying a Halberd on the breast of a winged

old man asleep under a tree.
A book-plate tor the Prince-Biihop, Carl von Olmutz.

NYS, Jacques de. See Denys.
NYTS. See Nbyts.




0. See Van dee 0.

OAKLEY, OcTAvins, a painter in water-oolours,
was bom in 1800. After having practised as a por-
trait painter at Leamington and at Derby, he came
to London in 1842, was elected an Associate of the
Water-colour Society, and a fidl member in 1844.
His pictures consist chiefly of rustic figures, groups
of gypsies, &c., and in his later years of landscapes.
He began to exhibit at the Royal Academy in 1826,
and ceased in 1860. Most of his contributions to
that exhibition were portraits. Oakley died at
Bayswater in Marcli, 1867.

OAKMAN, John, an English wood engraver,
born at Hendon, who practised about the middle
of the 18th century. He was chiefly employed
on illustrations for children's books. In his later
years he turned ballad and novel writer, and died
in indigence in 1793.

OBACH, Kaspae, painter, engraver, and litho-
grapher, was born at Zurich in 1807, and was a
pupil of Fiissli. He went to Stuttgart in 1826,
and made many landscape sketches in pencil, which

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 57 of 201)