Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

. (page 6 of 201)
Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 6 of 201)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

with rocks and broken grounds, in the style of
Salvator Rosa. In later life he degenerated into
an idle and dissolute character. He died in
London in 1692.

LANOUE, F&ix HiPPOLYTB, a French land-
scape painter, was born at Versailles in 1812, and
studied under Victor Berlin and Horace Vernet.
After having obtained the first prize at the Eoole
des Beaux-Arts in 1842, with ' Apollo tending
Sheep,' he visited Rome, Holland, and Russia. He
.died at Versailles in 1872. His chief merit consists
.in representing Italian scenes, especially those of
the Campagna. Among his best landscapes are :

The Tiber at Acqua Acetosa. 1864.

View in the Island of Capri. 1848. (Lisieux Museum.)

View of the Eoman Aqueduct over the Gard. 1850.
{Aviynon Museum,)

The Bock of the Nasos, in the Eoman Campagna.
1866. (The same.)

St. Benedict in the Solitudes of Subiaoo. 1853. (St.
Eiienne'du- Mont, FaHs.)

LANSCROON, , a native of Flanders, came

over to England and assisted Verrio and Laguerre.
He died in 1737, leaving a son who followed the
same profession.

LANSE, Michel, a French painter of flowers
and birds, was bom at Rouen in 1613. He became
a member of the Paris Academy in 1660, and died
in 1661.

LANT, Thomas, who was born about 1556, was
in the service of Sir Philip Sidney, whose funeral
procession he drew and published in 1587. He
was created Windsor Herald in 1697, and died in

LANTARA, Simon Mathukin, was born at Oncy
(Seine-et-Oise), in 1729. His father was a weaver,
and at the age of eight he commenced life as a
herdsman. The chalk sketches which. he made
on walls, rocks, &c., caused his talent to be
appreciated by the son of his master, who took
him to Paris, and placed him in a studio at
Versailles. He made rapid progress, and entered
the service of an artist in Paris, who paid his
wages in painting lessons. There is little else
known of Lantara ; he lived a careless life from
hand to mouth, working when he wanted food,
never profiting from the success which his works
enjoyed. He executed many drawings, landscapes,
and marine views, in which Bernard, Joseph Ver-
net, Casanova, Berr^, and Taunay, often inserted
the figures. He died in extreme poverty in the
H6pital de la Charity, Paris, in 1778. Many of his
works have been engraved by Dnret, Lebas,
■Mouchy, Nde, Beaugeon, and Couch6. Among his
principal works are the following :

Landscape : Morning Effect. 1761. (Louvre.)

Horning. (Besanqon Museum.)

View on the Banks of the Loiug. (aidteauroux

Moonlight Scene. (Nantes Museum.)

LANZANI, Andrea, was born at Milan about
the year 1645. After receiving some lessons from
Luigi Soaramuccia, a scholar of Guido, then resi-
dent at Milan, he went to Rome, where he entered
the school of Carlo Maratti. His genius, however,
led him to something less placid; and he par-
ticularly devoted himself to the study of the ener-
getic productions of Lanfranoo. His best pictures
were those he painted immediately on his return
to Milan, whilst his mind was impressed with the
great principles of the Roman school. Such are
his picture of ' St. Charles in Glory ; ' and a subject
from the life of Cardinal Federigo, in the Ambro-
sian Library at Vienna. He also painted at the
court at Vienna, and was there knighted. He died
at Milan in 1712.

LANZANI, PoLiDORo, called Polidoeo Venbzi-
ANO, was born at Venice in 1615, and was one of
the numerous scholars of Titian. He has left
pictures of Madonnas and Saints in the church of
the Servi, and in other public buildings at Venice,
and a ' Madonna ' and a ' Marriage of St. Catharine '
are to be seen at Dresden. He died in 1665.

LANZENI, GiovANUi Battista, a painter and
etcher, was born at Verona in 1659. His masters
were Voltolino and F. Barbieri. He painted at
Verona in oil and fresco for churches and private
houses. In San Proclo he painted thirty-six
Bishops of Verona, the ' Four Doctors of the
Church,' and ' The Last Supper.' ' The date of his
death is unknown. He had a son, Angelo Maeia,
who was also a painter.

LANZILAGO, an Italian historical and portrait
painter, was a native of Padua, who flourished
towards the close of the 16th century. He went to
Rome and was an imitator of Bartolommeo della

LAODICIA, was a painter of the Milanese school,
and contemporary of Andrino di Edesia, who lived
at Pavia in the first half of the 14th century. She
was probably a Greek by birth.

LAP, Jan, a Dutch artist, flourished about the
middle of the 17th century, and drew and painted
landscapes with ruins and numerous figures, in the
manner of Jan Both.

LA PEIGNE, Hyaointhe de. See De la

LA PESA, De. See De la Pena.

LA PENAI, , was a French portrait painter,

of the 16th century, and a pupil of Rigaud.

LAPI, Giovanni, an Italian engraver, flourished
about 1750, and executed some of the plates for
the ' Museo Etrusco.' There were other engravers
of the name of Lapi.

LAPI, NICCOLO, an Italian painter, was born in
1661, and died in 1732. He was a scholar of Luca
Giordano. ' At Florence is a ' Transfiguration ' by

LAPIS, Gabtano, was bom at Cagli in the
Roman State, in 1704, and studied at Rome under
Sebastiano Conca. He was a paniter of an original
taste, possessing great fire, yet correct in his de-
sign. In the Palazzo Borghese at Rome, he painted
a ceiling representing the 'Birth of Venus.' He
died at Rome in 1776.

LAPIS, GlEOLAMO, an historical, portrait, and
landscape painter, who flourished in the 18th
century, was a native of Venice. He settled in
•" 19




Holland, and was living at the Hague in 1785.
H. Lapis, the miniature painter, was probably his

LAPITO, Louis Augcjste, a French landscape
painter, was born at Joinville-le-Pont (Seine) in
1803. He studied under Heim and Watelet, whose
style, though difiering in colouring, he followed.
He died at Boulogne-sur-Seine in 1874. His best
landscapes are :

Bordeaux. Museum. Ijandscape.

Cambrai. Museum. View from above the Lake of

Brienz. 1833.
Paris. Loiovre. View of Oorte.

Stuttgart. Bosenstein. The Island of Capri.

LAPO, Stbfano di, an historical painter, was
born at Florence in 1301. He is supposed to
have been grandson and pupil of Giotto. He
painted at Pisa, Florence, Milan, Rome, Assisi,
Perugia, and several other towns in Italy. lie
died in 1350.

LAPO, ToMMASo DI, called Giottino, son of
Stefano di Lapo, was born at Florence in 1324.
He painted a picture of Gauthier de Brienne, who
was driven from Florence in 1343. At Naples is
a ' Virgin and Angels,' and some other works are
at Florence. He died in 1356.

LA POINTE, F. DE. See De la Pointe.

LAPORTE, George Henry, an animal painter,
was an exhibitor at the Society of British Artists
from 1826, and at the Royal Academy from 1827.
He was a member and constant exhibitor at the
Institute of Painters in Water-Colours, his subjects
being animals and figures, military and Arab groups,
and hunting-scenes. He was. animal painter to
the Duke of Cumberland. He died in 1873.

LA POBTE, Henri Horace Holland de. See
Holland de la Porte.

LAPORTE, John, an English landscape painter,
chiefly in water-colours, was born in 1761. He
exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1785, and
taught drawing at the Military School at Addis-
combe. He published 'Sketches of Trees' (1798-
1801); 'Drawing Book' (1800); 'Progressive
Lessons sketched from Nature' (1804) ; and 'The
Progress of Water-Colour Drawing.' He died in
London in 1839. The following drawings by him
are in the South Kensington Museum :

Conway Castle.


Forest Scene with Cattle.


LAPPIOOLA, Niccol6, a painter, was born at
Crotona in 1730, and took lessons at Rome from
Francesco Mancini. He supplied the designs for
the mosaics for one of the chapels of St. Peter and
in other parts. He died at Rome in 1790.

LAPPOLI, Giovanni Antonio, tlie son of Mntteo
Lappoli, was born, according to Vasari, at Arezzo
in 1492, and was first a disciple of Donienico
Pecori, but afterwards studied under Jacopo
Caruzzi, called Pontormo. He went early in his
life to Rome, where he formed an intimacy
with Perino del Vaga and II Rosso, and was
favoured with the protection of Clement VII.,
who employed him in some public works , but the
completion of them was interrupted by the sack-
ing of Rome in 1527, when he was obliged to flee.
He retired to his native city, where he painted
several pictures for the churches and private col-
lections. He died in 1552.

LAPPOLI, Matteo, was born at Arezzo about
1450, and diefl in 1504. He studied under Don


Bartolorameo. The greater part of his paintings
have perished. There are still at Arezzo, in the
refectory of the Bernardines, a 'St. Bernard,' and
in Santa Maria a ' St. Sebastian.'

LAPOTER, AdjJlaide Isabelle Antonine,
whose maiden name was Cherbau, was born at
Les Riceys (Aube) in 1814. She was a pupil of
Antoine Chazal and of Madame de Mirbel, and
became well-known for her portraits in miniature.
She died in 1880.

LA QUEWELLERIE, Guillaume de. See De


LAQUY, Gdilladme Joseph, born at Bruel in
1738, studied in the school of Jan Eemmers with
Wybrand Hendriks, in whose landscapes he painted
the figures. He was patronized by the celebrated
amateur Braamcamp, and made copies of the works
of Gerard Dou, Metsu, De Hooch, Paulus Potter,
and other eminent masters in that fine collection.
He also painted original pictures of cabinet size.
He died at Cleves in 1798.

LARCHER, Antoinette, was born in Paris in
1685, and flourished about the year 1725. She en-
graved some plates of historical subjects, among
which is ' Judith with the Head of Holofernes,' after
Raphael. She signed her name ToiTiette Larcher.

LAREDO, Juan Fernandez de. See Fernandez.

LARGILLlllRE, Niuolas de, a French portrait
painter, was born in Paris in October, 1656. When
three years old, he was taken to Antwerp,, where
his father had settled as a merchant. This was
not his only youthful experience of travel. At
the age of nine he paid a visit to England, which
lasted twenty months. On his return to Antwerp
he became a pupil of Antoon Goubau, whom he
assisted by painting the still-life accessories in his
pictures. About 1675, he paid a second visit to
England, and found work in the Royal palaces,'
under Sir Peter Lely. This brought him to the
notice of Charles II., whose portrait he painted,'
together with those of several of the nobility.
After a stay of four years in this country, he.
settled in Paris, and at once obtained a large
practice amongst the bourgeoisie and professional
classes. He was fortunate enough to become inti-
mate with Van der Meulen and Le Brun, the latter
of whom proved himself a great friend. During
the reign of James II. he paid another short visit
to England, and painted the king's portrait, as
well as those of Mary of Modena and the infant
Prince of Wales. In 1686 he was received into the
Fi'ench Academy as an historical painter, on his
portrait of his friend Le Brun. It is curious to note,
that though Largilliere is now only remembered
as a portrait painter, and as such has been styled
the French Van Dyck, yet in his own day he had
a great reputation as an historical painter. After
the deaths of Le Brun and Mignard, he occupied
the foremost position in the French school in this
branch of art, although he did not court royal and
aristocratic patronage. He filled successively all
the offices of honour in the Academy, and died in
Paris of paralysis on the 20th March, 1746. The
chief name amongst his pupils is that of Oudryi
the animal painter, in whom he took great interest
The French provincial Museums contain many
specimens of Largilliere's art, which it is not pos-
sible to particularize. Mention should, however,
be made of the following works by him :

Dresden. Galler;/. Portrait of a Man in armour.

Florence. Vffi'zi. Portrait of himself.

17 „ Portrait of J. B. Rousseau.







St. Genevieve.

Stockholm. Nat. Gallery.
Versailles. Galle^^y.

^ " GaUerv^' \ ^"""^ Charles Edward Stuart.
Henry Stuart, Cardinal York.
Portrait of Charles Le Brun.
Portrait of the Count de La

Elevation of the Cross.
The Provost, of the Merchants
and the Echevins of Paris.
{Sketch for the large picture
painted in 1687, on the occa-
sion of the convalescence of
Louis XIV., for the Hotel de
Ville, PariSy and destroyed
during the Eevolution.)
Petersburg. Hermitage. Preparation for a F6te at the
Hotel de Ville, Paris.
Portrait of Louis XV.
Portrait of himself.
The Artist and his Family.
„ „ Nicolas Couston, sculptor.

„ „ Thomas Morant, Councillor of

„ „ Jean Thierry, sculptor.


LARIVE-GODEFROY, Pierre Louis de, was
liorn at Geneva in 1753, and studied under Fassin
at Rome. He worked for some time at Munich,
Dresden, and' Mannheim, and at last he settled at
Persingue near Geneva. The expression in his
works is most pleasing, and the arrangement is
full of spirit, but he is too mannered. His etchings
are also most spiritedly executed. He died at
Persingue in 1814. Among his paintings there
are :

Scenes of the Golden Age.
View of Persingue.
View of Mont Blanc,

LARIVI'^RE, Charles Philippe Auguste de, a
French historical and portrait painter, was born in
Paris in 1798. He entered the Ecole des Beaux-
Arts in 1813, and studied under Girodet and Gros.
In 1819 he obtained the second prize, and in 1824
the 'grand prix,' which enabled him to pursue his
studies at Rome. Specimens of his work as a
decorative artist are to be seen in the Cathedral
at Dreux. He died in Paris in 1876. Amongst
the pictures which he produced are :

I Bordeaux. Museum. Christ in the Garden of

Versailles. Gallery. The Taking of Brescia.

„ „ Many Portraits.

LARMESSIN, Nicolas de, the elder, a French
engraver, was born about 1636, and died in Paris
in 1694. , He had a younger brother, also named
Nicolas, to whom are usually ascribed all the plates
of the period which bear this name, but M. Didot
is of opinion that the greater number of them are
in reality the work of the elder of the two brothers,
and draws attention to the finished style of the
portrait of Archbishop Adh^mar de Monteil, which
bears the date 16S8, at which time the younger
Larmessin would be but eighteen years of age.

LARMESSIN, Nicolas de, the younger, a
brother of Nicolas de Larmessin, the elder, was
born in Paris about the year 1640, and died there
in 1725. There are by this artist several portraits,
executed entirely with the graver, and possessing
considerable merit. He sometimes marked his
plates with the initials N. L., and sometimes

with the cipher J^^L* The following portraits

are by him ;

Philip de Bourbon. Duke of Orleans, brother to Louis

Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans.
Henri Jules de Bourbon, Duke d'Enghien.
Charles XL, King of Sweden.
Claudia Pelicita of Austria, Empress of Leopold I.
Maximilian Henry, Archbishop of Cologne.
Godefroi, Count d'Bstrades, Marshal of France.
Gabriel Nicolas de la Eeynie, Lieutenant of Police.
Louise Fran(joise, Duchesse de La Valliere, in the habit

of a Nun.
Balthasar Moretus.

Paolo Manuzio, Librarian of the Vatican.
Laurens Coster.
Johann Gutenberg.

LARMESSIN, Nicolas de, the son of Nicolas
de Larmessin, the younger, was born in Paris in
1684, and was instructed in engraving by his
father. He acquired considerable celebrity by
some prints he engraved for the Crozat Collection,
became a member of the French Academy in 1730,
and engraver to the king. He died in Paris in 1755.
There are by him a, great number of portraits, and
historical and other subjects, engraved in a neat,
finished style, in which he united the point with
the graver. There is a want of correctness in the
drawing of his figures, and his prints are without
much efEect. The following are his principal
works :


James II., King of England.

Mary of Modena, Queen of James II.

William III. and Mary II.

Louis XV., on horseback ; after J. B. van Loo.

Marie, Queen of Louis XV. ; after the same.

Louis XV. , on foot ; after the same.

Marie, Dauphiness of France ; after the same.

Charles Henry of Lorraine ; after Banc.

Woldemar de Loewendahl, Marshal of France ; after

Guillaume Coustou, sculptor ; after De Lien ; engraved

for his reception into the Academy. 1730.
Claude Hall6, painter ; after Le Gros ; also engraved

for his reception into the Academy. 1730.
Philip Vleughel, painter ; after P. de Ohampaigne.


Eaphael and Jacopo da Pontormo ; half-lengths ; after

Federigo Oarondeletto, Archdeacon of Bitonto ; after

the same. ^

Cardinal Pole ; after Raphael or S. del Piambo.


St. Michael vanquishing Satan ; after Raphael.
St. George and the Dragon ; after the same.
St. John the Evangelist ; after the same.
The Holy Family ; after the same.
The Virgin and Infant Jesus ; after the same.
The Vision of Ezekiel ; a/to' the same.
Christ bearing His Cross ; after the same.


The Four Seasons ; after Lancret.

The Four Ages of Man ; after the same.

A set of four Prints from the Fables of La Fontaine ;

after Boucher,
The Ambrous Savoyard ; after Pierre.
The Savoyard Family ; after the same.

LAROON, Marcellds, called ' Old Laroon,' was
born at the Hague in 1653, and learned the rudi-
ments of painting from his father, with whom he
came when young to England. Here he was placed
with La Zoon, an obscure portrait painter, and
vsras afterwards some time with B. Plechiere. He,
however, studied chiefly by himself. He lived in
Yorkshire for some years, and then came to London,





where Sir Godfrey Kneller employed him to paint
his draperies, in which branch he was eminent.
He possessed the talent of imitating the different
styles of the great masters with uncommon success ;
and painted historical subjects, portraits, and con-
versations. From 1680 he lived in Bow Street,
but he died at Richmond of consumption in 1702.
There are by this artist some slight spirited etchings
of ' Dutch Boors regaling,' and similar subjects, in
a style resembling that of Ostade, but very inferior.
He also drew and engraved ' The Coronation Proces-
sion of William and Mary,' and Tempest's ' Cryes
of the City of London,' 1688. He sometimes
marked his plates with the cipher J^^.

LAROON, MAHCELLtrs, an English subject
painter and draughtsman, was born in London,
in 1679. He was the son of "Old Laroon." In
early life he accompanied embassies to Ryswyok
and Venice. Then quarrelling with his father, he
became an actor. Finally, in 1707, he obtained a
commission in the army, and served in the cam-
paigns in Flanders, in Spain, and in the Jacobite
Rebellion of 1715. He retired from the service in
1734. He had great power as a draughtsman, and
excelled in his groups of figures. He died in 1772.

LA ROSE, Jean Baptiste de. See De t,a Rose.

LA KODLLIERE, , is mentioned by Papillon

as an engraver on wood of some merit, who flour-
ished about the year 1700.

LA ROUSSIBRE, Franqois de. See De la


LARRAGA, Apolinaeio, was a native of Va-
lencia, and has been erroneously stated to have
been a scholar of Pedro Orrente, who most prob-
ably died before he was born, as Larraga outlived
him upwards of eighty years. He is said, how-
ever, to have made Orrente's works the model for
his imitation, and painted several pictures in his
style in the convent of San Domingo, and in the
churches of his native city. He died in 1728. His
daughter, JosBEA Maeia Lareaga, an historical and
miniature painter, was a pupil of her father.

LARSEN, Cael Febdeeik Emanuel, a Danish
marine painter, was born in 1823, and died in 1859.
At Copenhagen are pictures of the ' Harbour of
Nieuwe Diep,' 'The Coast at Marseilles,' and
' Morning on the Sand.'

LA HUB, Philibeet BbnoIt de. See De la

LA RUELLE, Claude de. See De la Ruelle.

LAS CUEVAS, Db. See De las Cuevas.

LAS MARINAS, Heneique db. See De las

LAS ROELAS, Juan de. .See Db las Roelas.

LASINIO, Conte Caelo, an Italian engraver,
was born atTreviso about 1757, but worked chiefly
at Florence. He was conservator of the Gallery
at Pisa, where he died in 1839. He is known by
several works illustrative of the older painters,
including the following :

Forty plates of Frescoes and Oil Paintings at Florenne.

Forty plates of Frescoes in the Campo Santo at Pisa.

Thirty-two plates of Frescoes of the Fourteenth and
Fifteenth Centuries.

He was* the instructor of his son, Giovanni
Paolo Lasinio, who was born in 1796, and who
together with Rossi engraved forty-four plates of
the Campo Santo at Pisa (1832), and took part
in the decorations of the Galleries at Florence and


Turin. He executed also the plates for Rosellini'8
'Monumenti dell' Egitto e de la Nubia,' 1833-44.
His signature was L. F. scul. He died in 1855.

LASINSKY, JoHANN Adolf, was born at Sim-
mem, near Coblentz, in 1808. and entered the
Academy at Dusseldorf in 1827. Along with
Lessing and J. W. Sohirmer he was one of the
first who cultivated landscape painting inde-
pendently. In 1837 he painted for the Emperor
Alexander at Coblentz. He went afterwards to
Cologne, but returned to Dusseldorf in 1850, where
he died in 1871. Among his landscapes may be
mentioned :

Castle Elz on the Moselle. 1831.
An Old Watch-Tower by moonlight. 1835.
The Waterfall at Pyrmont. 1835.
The Narrow Pass at Dusk.
Panorama of Cologne.

A series of Landscapes of HohenzoUem, for the Duke
of HohenzoUem.

L'ASNE, Michel, was one of the first of the
French engravers who distinguished himself by a
free and dexterous management of the graver.
He was born at Caen in Normandy in 1596, and
appears to have imitated the style of Cornells
Bloemaert and F. Villamena. He died in Paris in
1667. He was extremely laborious, and has left a
great number of prints, consisting of portraits, and
historical and other subjects. When he did not
sign his plates with his name, he generally used

the cipher "lYT^. The following are his principal

prints :


Louis XIIL, on horseback (the background, representing
a battle, was engraved by Callot); signed Michael
Asinus, sculptor Regius.

Bernard, Duke de J/a Talette (the background, with
the town of Metz, was engraved by Callot).

Anne of Austria, Queen of France.

Armand, Cardinal de Richelieu.

Jules, Cardinal Mazarin.

Charles de Crequi, Marshal of France.

Franqois de Bassompierre, Marshal of France.

Pierre Siguier, Chancellor.

Nicolas de Bailleul, President of the Parliament.

Francisco Fernandez, Franciscan.

Father Joseph, celebrated Capuchin.

Jean Fran(jois Niceron, monk, and famous mathema-

Giulio Strozzi, Venetian poet ; a/ter <S I'lmet. 1627.

Fran9ois Quesnel, painter to Henry HI. ; from a picture
liy himself.

Father Nicolas Caussin ; engraved in the manner of


The Holy Family ; after Huberts.

St. Francis receiving the Infant Jesus from the Virgin ;

after the same.
St. Francis of Paloa ; after the same.
Susannah ; after the same.

The Visitation of the Virgin ; after L. Carracci,
The Virgin, with the Infant sleeping, and St. John,

called ' The Silence ' ; aftet^ Annibale Carracci.
The Dead Christ, with Mary Magdalene ; from his own.

Bece Homo ; after Titian.
Jesus Christ in glory, with St. Peter and St. Paul ; after

Faolo Veronese.
The Virgin, as Queen of Heaven ; after Alhani; oval.

LASSUS, Alexandee Victor db, was bom at
Toulouse in 1781. He was a pupil of David, and
painted historical scenes, like his master. 'There
is a large picture of ' BarbaTossa ' by him in the
Museum of Angers.




LASTMAN, NiCOLAES, the son of Pieter Last-
man, was born at Haarlem about 1590 or 1595.
After learning the principles of design from Jan
Pinas, he was instructed in engraving by Joannes
Saenredam. His plates are neatly executed, but
without much taste. The following among others
are by him :

Portrait of Karel van Mander ; copied after J. Saenredam.
Christ praying in the Garden ; after Pieter Lastman.
St. Peter delivered from Prison ; after J. Pinas,
The Martyrdom of St. Peter ; after Guido.
The Good Samaritan, in a landscape; after his own

LASTMAN, PlETBE, was probably born at

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 6 of 201)