Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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the South Kensington Museum, dated 1799.

ORMEA, Marc, a painter of Utrecht, who was
dean of the College of painters from 1621 to 1625.
He painted sea-pieces.

ORMEA, WiLLEM, son of Marc, was a painter of
still-life. In 1638 he presented to the Hospital of
St. Job (UtrechtJ a picture of various kinds of

ORMIS, LioNABD, an obscure Burgundian, who
painted at Li^ge in the 16th century.

ORO, II Monaco del' Isola d', a painter, poet,
and historian, was born in Genoa about 1346. He
became a monk in the monastery of the Isola
d'Oro (Stecati), and subsequently libl-arian there.
He wrote several books which he embellished with
miniatures, and presented to the Queen of Aragon.
He died in 1408.

OROZCO, MiECOS DE, a Spanish priest and
engraver, who resided at Madrid in the 17th
century, and executed many title-pages to books
printed in his time. The title-page to Ortiz de
Zuniga's 'Annals of Seville,' published in 1677,
is probably the best work from Orozco's burin.
There are many devotional prints by his hand.
Among them portraits of St. Francis de Sales ; of
the Bishop Crespi di Borj a, executed in 1664; in
1680 the title-page bearing the royal arms, and
a curious folding plan for the authorized history
of the great auto-da-f6 at Madrid ; in 1682, a
' Crucifix and angels bearing shields charged with
episcopal devices,' designed by Ximenez Donoso,
and prefixed to an official account of the synod
held at Toledo that year ; in 1696, a title-page
containing efBgies of the seven first canonized
bishops of Spain, for Don Pedro Juarez's ' History
of the united sees of Guadix and Baza ; ' and in
1597, an ' Our Lady of the Forsaken,' and the arms
of the Archbishop Rocaberti of Valencia, for Don
Felipe Firmin's treatise on minor benefices.

ORRENTE, Pedro, was a Spanish painter, born
at Montealegre, in Murcia, about the year 1560.
He was probably a scholar of II Greco's, at Toledo,
but he subsequently visited Italy, where he became
a follower of the Venetian school, and an imitator
of Titian, Giorgione, and Bassano. He was favoured
with the protection of the Duke of Olivarez, who
employed him in painting several pictures for the
palace of the Buen Retire at Madrid. Soon after
1611 he painted for the Vizconde de Huesca, in
Murcia, eight pictures on ' The History of the Crea-
tion ; ' and in 1616 he produced a ' St. Sebastian,' for
the cathedral at Valencia, where also he established
a school in which Pontons and March were among
his pupils. He next proceeded to Cuen§a, where
he founded another school, in which be had Sal-
meron for a scholar. Many of his works are in the
churches and convents at Valencia and Cordova.
In the cathedral at Toledo, over the door of the
sacristy, is a fine picture representing ' Santa Leo-
cadia coming out of the sepulchre, before St. Ilde-
fonso ; ' and in the Reyes Nuevos, in the same
church, was a 'Nativity' painted by him, which
has been since removed into the royal collection.
Another picture by this master representing ' Or-
pheus playing to the brute Creation ' hangs in the
Royal Palace. There are also in the king's posses-
sion four landscapes, whilst the Madrid Gallery
has eight of his paintings, including ' The Ador-
ation of the Shepherds,' and ' The Repose of Lot's
Family.' A 'St. John in the Wilderness' was
in the Suermondt Collection at Aix-la-Chapelle, and





other works of his are at Dresden, Paris, and St.
Petersburg. Being especially suooessful with
animals and landscapes, he made choice of such
Biblical subjects as permitted the introduction of
these. His last years were spent at Seville and
at Toledo, where he died in 1644, and was buried
in the same church as II Greco.

ORSAY, CoMTE d', the son of General d'Orsay,
an oEficer of the French Republic and Empire, was
born in Paris at the beginning of the present
century. When about twenty years of age he
entered the French military service, and whilst
with his regiment at Valence, became acquainted
with the Earl of Blessington and his Coimtess.
After that he threw up his commission and
travelled with them on a tour in Italy, eventually
marrying Lord Blessington's daughter by his first
wife. He was appointed Superintendent' of the
Fine Arts by Louis Napoleon, but shortly after-
wards (1852) he died of disease of the lungs. There
is a half-length by him of the Duke of Wellington
in the National Portrait Gallery, and the South
Kensington Museum possesses some of his pencil
caricatures. D'Orsay also practised sculpture.

ORSEL, Victor, a French historical painter,
born at Lyons in 1795. He went to Rome, where,
about 1825, he came under the influence of Over-
beck, but he also studied from the antique, and was
a close observer of nature ; his object being, as he
said, ' to baptize Greek art.' In Paris he was one
of the artists employed in the chapel of the Virgin
in the church of Notre Dame de Lorette. Orsel
died in 1850. Among his other works are :

La Charity. 1S22. {Lyons Hospital.)

Adam and Eve with the body of Abel. 1824.

Moses, when a cbild, presented to Pharaoh. 1839.

{Exhibited in the Capitol at Home,)
Good and Evil. 1833. {Engraved by Vibert.)

ORSI, Benedetto, was a native of Pesoia, and
flourished about the year 1660. Lanzi numbers
this artist among the disciples of Baldassare Fran-
ceschini, and mentions in favourable terms a
picture by him in the church of San Stefano, at
Pescia, representing ' St. John the Evangelist. '
He also painted the ' Seven Works of Mercy,' for
La Compagnia del Nobili, and a large lunette at
Pistoja, in S. Maria del Letto, which was long
attributed to Volterrano. He died about 1680.

ORSI, Lblio, called Lelio da Novellaea, was
a painter, designer, and architect, and was born
at Reggio in 1511. Having been banished from
his native city, for some unknown reason, he first
proceeded to Rome, and subsequently established
himself at Novellara, whence his common appella-
tion. From the similarity of his style to that of
Cnrreggio, he has been supposed to have been a
disciple of that master, with whom he was
certainly on terms of friendship. That he studied
CoiTCggio's works attentively is evident, from
his having occasionally copied his pictures, of
which one of the most remarkable is a fine copy
of the famous 'Notte,' in the Casa Gazzola, at
Verona. Others have stated him to have been a
scholar of Michelangelo ; but this tradition is
suspected, although Tiraboschi asserts that he
resided at Rome in the time when that artist was
painting some pictures for the churches. There
were many of his fresco works in the churches at
Eeggio and Novellara, which are now nearly all
perished: Orsi died in 1587. Italian writers say
be was "in pittura grande, in arohitettura ottimo,

e in disegno masshno " (in painting great, in
architecture best, and in drawing >;reatest).

ORSI, Peospero, was born at Rome, apparently
about 1560. He lived during the pontificate of
Sixtus v., who employed him in the palace of S.
Giovanni Laterano, where he painted two of the
ceilings, one representing ' Moses with the Children
of Israel passing the Red Sea ; ' the other, ' Jacob
receiving the Blessing from Isaac' He was the
particular friend of Giuseppe Cesare d'Arpino,
whose manner of painting he imitated. He died
at Rome in 1635.

ORSI, Tranquillo, was a painter and architect
of Venice in the present century, who died, in
1844, while professor of perspective there. He
produced views of churches, palaces, and pubhc
buildings, and some of his works are in the Venii. e

ORSINI, Antonio, a native of Ferrara, who
engraved there about 1730.

ORSOLONI, Carlo, an Italian en.^raver, was
born at Venice about the year 1724. He carried
on a considerable commerce in prints, and was
employed in engraving some of the plates for (he
' Museo Fiorentino.' Among others, we have the
following by him :

St. Jerome in Meditation ; after Ant. Balestra.

St. Francis de Sales ; after the same.

The Virgin with several Saints ; after Pietro Eicchi.

ORSONI, Giuseppe, (or Orsini,) a Bolognese
painter, born 1691, died 1755. He was a pupil of
Pompeo Aldrovandini, and worked much with Sle-
fano Orlandi at ornamental painting in theatres and
private houses.

OETIGA, Bonant de, painter to the deputies
of Aragon, was living in 1457. He painted rji
altar-piece with figures of St. Simon and St. Jude
for the church of St. Francis, in Saragossa.

OBTO, Diego de, was a miniature painter of
Seville, son of Bernardo de Oeto. Between 1540
and 1576 he decorated a number of choir-books,
&c. In some of these his brothers assisted him.

OETOLANO, Dell'. See Benvendti, Giov.

ORVIETANI, Andrea and Bartolommeo, were
two painters who worked at Orvieto between 1405
and 1457.

ORVIETANO, Uqolino, a painter, who was em-
ployed in the cathedral of Orvieto about 1321.

OS, Greqqhius Jacobus Johannes van, flower
painter, was the second son of Jan van Os, and
was born at the Hague in 1782. He gained a
prize at Amsterdam in 1809, and on going to
Paris in 1812 he won a gold medal, and was em-
ployed on designs for Sevres. Here he spent the
greater part of the next fifty years, painting flowers
after the manner of Van Huysum, and now and
then exhibiting landscapes. Two of his best flower-
pieces are now in the Hague Museum. Van Os
died in Paris in 1861. He was a member of the
Academy of Amsterdam. Among his works we
may also name :

Amsterdam. E. Museum. Flowers.
Rotterdam. Museum. Flowers.

„ „ Fruit and Flowers.

)! „ Landscape in Guelders.

OS, Jan van, a painter of fruit, flowers, and
marine subjects, was born at Middelharnis, in
Holland, in 1744, and was a scholar of Aart
Schouman, at the Hague. His marine-pieces are
only fair, but his fruit and flowers are in great
request, and approach those of Jan yan Huysum.




He died at the Hague in 1808. A good ' Vase of
Flowers' by him is in the possession of Cromer of
Rotterdam. Jan van Os was also a poet. Among
his works may be included :

Frankfort. Stadel Gal. A Sea-piece.

Loudon. Nat. Gal. Flowers, Fruit, and Dead Birds.

Paris. Louvre, Flowers and Fruit.

Petersburg. Hermitiiye. Flowers and Fruit.

OS, PiETER Gerardus VAN, the eldest son of
Jan van Os, was born at the Hague in 1776, and
was instructed in the elements of art by his father,
but devoted himself mainly to cattle painting, and
made the works of Paul Potter and Karel du
Jardin his models. His etchings, consisting of
cattle, sheep, &c., from his own designs, and
also after Paul Potter, Berchem, and Ruisdael,
are valuable. His prints are sometimes signed
P. G. van Os fee. et exc, and sometimes with ids
initials only, P. G. V. O.f. He died at the Hague
in 1839. There is a good ' Landscape with Cattle '
by him in the Rotterdam Museum.

OSBORNE, John, an English portrait painter,
who practised at Amsterdam in the 17th century.
There is a portrait of Frederick Prince of Orange
by him.

OSELLO, Gaspar, called Gaspar ab avibds Cit-
ADELENSis, Or Gaspar Patavinos, Or Padovano,
was an engraver, born at Padua in 1630. He imi-
tated Ihe style of Giorgio Ghisi Mantuano, whose
pupil he may possibly have been. He lived until
1585. He has left sixty-six plates of ' Portraits of
the Archdukes of Austria ; ' also that of the Phy-
sician Andreas Mattiolus Sinensis, and a 'Mar-
riage of the Virgin,' after Paolo Veronese. He
signed his prints with a monogram composed of
the letters, C.A.P.
' OSORIO. See Meneses.

OSSENBEECK, Jan (or Josse van), a painter and
etcher, was a native of Rotterdam, born about
1627. After having received some instruction in
his native city, he went to Italy, and distinguished
himself at Rome as a painter of landscapes, with
animals, fairs, and huntings, in the style of Peter
van Laar, whose works were then greatly admired.
Thence he proceeded to Vienna, where he became
court painter ; next to Frankfort ; and, lastly, to
Ratisbon, where he died in 1678. He usually
embellished his pictures with waterfalls, grottces,
ruins, and architecture, designed from the remains
of antiquity in and near Rome. Pictures :

Christiania. Plundering of a Caravan.

Dresden. Gallery. Group of Herdsmen.

Glasgow. Gallery. A Hawking Party.

New York. Museum. Abraham with Sarah and Hagar

in a romantic landscape.
Vienna. Melvedere. Jacob's journey to Mesopotamia.

We have by this artist sixty-two etchings, exe-
cuted in a firm and free style, twenty-seven of
which are from his own designs, and thirty-two
after other masters. He engraved part of the
plates for the collection called the 'Gallery of
Teniers.' Among his plates the following may be
particularized :

Two T andscapes ; after Salvator Roaa.

Christ asleep during the Storm ; after S. de Vliecjer.

Cavalcade of the Emperor Leopold in the Fort at Vienna.

Procession of the Emperor Carl VI. to Schottwien.

The Caffarella.

The Children of Niohe ; after Palma.

The Children of Israel gathering the Manna in the

Desert ; after Tintoretto.
Orpheus playing to the Animals ; after JSassano.
The Four Seasons ; aftei- the same.

A set of twelve plates of different Animals ; from his

own desiy)is.
A set of four of difEerent subjects ; the same.
Two Views in and near Eome ; the same.
A Boar-hunt ; after Peter van Laar.
A grand Festival given at Vienna, with a great number

of figures on horseback and on foot ; A. Lartucci inv.

J. Ossenbeeck sc.

OSSENBEECK, W., a Dutch painter, of whom
scarcely anything is known. He flourished about
1632, and may have been the father of Jan van
Ossenbeeck. In the Rijks Museum, Amsterdam,
there is a picture by him of ' Mercury and lo.' It
is signed W. Ossenbeeck, F. 1632.

OSTADE, Adriaen Janszoon van, ii celebrated
and prolific painter of scenes from Dutch peasant
life, was born at Haarlem on the 10th of December,
1610. His father, Jan Hendrik, was probably a
weaver, and had retired before the religious per-
secutions from the town of Eyndthoven. His
mother's name was Janneok Hendrik, and the
children adopted the name of Ostade, from a small
hamlet of that name near Eyndthoven, which may
have been the birthplace of their father. Adriaen
and his younger brother Isack became artists, and
the former, entering the school of Frans Hals, was
there the fellow-student of Adriaen Brauwer. On
leaving Hals, Adriaen set up as a painter in Haar-
lem, and his name as Ostade is first mentioned in
1636, when he is recorded under it as a member of
the Sohutterij or civic guard. In 1638 he married
Machtelgen Pietersen, who died in 1640 ; and his
father in the following year. His own portrait,
painted by himself in middle life, presents a grave
and melancholy face. His costume is that of a
Puritan ; and altogether the portrait is not that
of the loose and jovial man we should expect
from the riotous scenes that he selected for the
subjects of his pictures. It has been ascertaimd
that he married a second time, but the name of this
wife is not known. She died in 1666, and Adriaen
himself, on the 27th of April, 1685, in the Nieuwe
Kruysstraet. On the 2nd of May he was buried in
the church of St. Bavon, where he had previously
laid the remains of his two wives. The sale-list of
the works of art he left included two hundred
pictures by his own hand, and a collection of his
etchings, drawings, &c. Smith's catalogue men-
tions nearly four hundred of Adriaen van Ostade' s
oil pictures. He executed besides an unknown
number in water-colours, and a vast quantity of
pencil drawings and etchings. Of the latter Bartscli
has enumerated fifty. The Teyler Museum at
Haarlem contains a fine collection. Besides his
younger brother Isack, Adriaen had the following
pupils : Cornells Dysart, Cornelis Bega, Michiel
van Musscher, R. Brackenburgh, and Jan Steen.
These all adopted more or less of Adriaen's manner.
The following are some of Adriaen Ostade's more
important works :
Amsterdam. Museum. A Painter's Studio. A. v. o.

, Travellers resting. A. v. ostade,

The Charlatan. A. v. ostade,
„ „ The Baker.

., Van der Hoop C. Peasants round a Hearth

(Dated 1661.)
„ Six Collection. The Fish-wife.
Antwerp. Museum. The Smoker. A. V. ostade,

Berlin. Gallery. Portrait of an Old Woman . A

V. OSTADE, 16 —
„ „ The Lyre-player before an Ale-

house. A. V. OSTADE, 164IJ.








Arenheri) Coll.











Nat. Gall.

The Smoker.

The Annunciation.
A Peasant smoking.
Man eating Herrings.
Interior of a Tavern.
Peasants in the Arbour of an

Ale-house. A. v. ostade,

Peasants drinking in an Ale-
house. A. V. OSTADE, 16 — .
Peasants playing Cards. A. v.

OSTADE, 1659.
Peasants dancing.
Peasants in an Ale-house, a.

T. OSTADE, 1639.
The Painter's Studio. A. v.

OSTADE, 1663.
Two Peasants eating at a Table.

A. T. OSTADE, 1653.

Two Peasants before an Ale-
house, one lighting a Pipe.
A. V. OSTADE, 1664.

Interior of an Ale-house, with
Men and Women. A. V. os-
tade, 1679.

Peasants playing Cards. AD.


Boors carousing.
Boors making merry. A. v. OS-
TADT3, 164 — .
„ Man and Woman in conversa-
„ A Man smoking. A. v. ostade.
„ A Woman with a Jug. A. V.


Nat. Gall. Interior of a Butcher's Shop.
Uffizi. A Man at a Window.
Stddel. Interior of a Shed. A. V. OS-
TADE, 1656.
Gallery. The strolling Fiddler.

„ The Village School.

Gallery. Peasants in an Inn A. T. 03-
TADF, 1662.
„ The Fiddler. A. v. ostade,

1673. {Ploos van Amstel
made a facsimile engraving
from a drawing ly A. van Os-
tade, dated 1673, exactly simi-
lar to this picture.)
Nat. Gall. The Alchymist. A. v. ostade,
Apsley House. A company of Peasants. (The
drawing for this picture is in
the British Museum.)
Ashburton Coll. Feasants playing and singing.
(Sated 1661.)
„ A Village Scene. (Bated 1676.)

Bridgewater Ho. Peasants playing Skittles. A.
V. ostade, 1676.
„ Portrait of an Old Man (proh-

ably a lawyer). 1671.
Feasants conversing, a. t. os-
tade, 1650.
An Interior, with Peasants
smoking. A. V. OSTADE, 1665.
Lawyer in his Study.
Four Persons playing at Cards.
(Dated 1648.)

[And fine examples in the Collections of Lord Howe, Mr.
H. Lonsdale, Mr. Alfred de Eothschild, Mr. John Walter,
Mr. Alfred Buckley, Lord Eothschild, Mr. George
Salting, &c., and at Deepdene, near Dorking.]






Univ. Gall


Buckingham Pal.

Bute Coll.
Northbrook Coll.


Petersburg. Hermitage.




Gallery. A Concert.

„ Peasants feeding.

„ A Toper.
Pinakothek. Interior of a Peasant's Cottage.
A. V. OSTADE, 1647.
„ Peasants quarrelling. A. v. os-

tade, 1656.
„ Feasants playing and dancing.

A. V. ostade, 1647.
„ A Toper. A. v. ostade.

„ Peasants carousing, a. v. os-


Rotterdam. Museum.


Czernin Coll.

Liechtenstein Coll.


Peasants in an Ale-house. A.
V. ostade, 16 — .

Peasants in an Ale-house, with
a Woman and her Children.

A Dutch interior.

The Family of Adriaen van

The School-master. A. v. os-
tade, 1662.

The Fish-market.

Interior of a Cottage, a. v. os-
tade, 1642.

A Man reading in his Cabinet.

A Smoker.

A Toper. A. V. ostade, 1668.

Interior of a Peasant's Cottage,


Interior, with Peasants.
Peasants drinking.
Interior, with Peasants.
A Man mending a Pen.
Interior, with Peasants, a. v,


A Village FSte.^

A Peasant Family.

The Violin-player. (Signed and

dated 1648.)
An old Woman seated on a
Window-sill, surrounded by
a Vine.
A Village Minstrel playing a

The Baker. (Signed.)
The Village Concert.
Peasants smoking.
Peasants, while smoking and
drinking, listen to a Woman
who reads a Letter.
A Peasant Family.
Peasants in an Ale-house.
Touch. (Signed.)
Sight. (Signed and dated 1651.

Peasant in a Cottage.

A Man reading, a. t. ostade.
A Village Tavern.
The Mountebank.
A Smoker.
A Drinker.
Four good pictures.

OSTADE, ISACK VAN, the brother and scholar of
Adriaen van Ostade, born at Haarlem in 1621.
Little is known of his life. He painted at Haarlem,
and died there in 1649. His earliest pictures were
painted in imitation of the style of his brother, and
are very inferior to the works of Adriaen; but he
afterwards adopted a manner of his own, in which
he was most successful. This latter is to be found
in his pictures representing winter scenes . and
frozen canals, with figures amusing themselves on
the ice. Some of these are faithful and admirable
representations of nature, and are deservedly held
in the highest estimation. They approach to. the
productions of Albert Cuyp, and it may fairly be
presumed that if Isack had lived longer, he would
have reached a still higher rank than he now enjoys
in the Dutch school. A large proportion of his
best pictures are in England, where he was appre-
ciated long before he met with much recognition


A Village Inn. isack van




The Merry Peasant.



A Way-side Inn.



Winter Landscape, isaok van
OSTADE, 1645.



A Halt before an Inn. i. van









Copenjiagen. Gallery.
Dresden. Gallert/.

Glasgow. Galla-y.

Loudon, Nat. Gallery.

„ Ashburton Coll.

„ Bridgewater House.
„ Buckingham Pal.

„ Dudley House.

„ Lansdovme House.

„ Northbrook Coll.
Madrid. Gallery.

Munich. Pinakothek.


Interior of a Dutch Peasant's

Cottage. isACK van ostade.

A Peasant in a Flap-hat. isack


Travellers Halting. i. van
OSTADE, 1660 (sic). [This
date must be a forgery , for the
painter was dead in 1660.]

Woman 'Wiading Thread.

Winter Landsoape,with Figures.


Winter Landsoape,with Figures.


Peasants Drinking and Dancing.


A Fish Auction.

Village Scene; a capital ex-
ample. (Engraved by Dunker.)

Frost Scene, isaac van os-

A Frozen River, i. v. ostadb.
{A masterpiece.)

Travellers and Villagers before
an Inn.

A Village Street.

Boors Making Merry, isace

A Village Street, isack van
OSTADE, 1643.

Selling Fish, isack van os-
tade, 1649.

The Frozen Canal, isack van


Winter Landscape.

A Rocky Landscape, with a
Donkey and his Driver.


Feasants Drinking, isack van


Travellers halting at an Inn.


The Halt. (Engraved in

A Frozen Canal in Hollaed

(Ko. 378). ISACK OSTADE.

{Engraved in Landon and
A Frozen Canal in Holland


A Winter Landscape, with
Figures. (Signed.)

A Landscape — Travellers stop-
ping before an Inn. (Signed^

A Frozen Lake in Holland.

A Village Scene. i. tan
OSTADE, 16 — .

A Peasant having a Tooth

OSTENDOEFER, Hans, probably the son of
Martin Ostendorfer, prepared a Tilt-book for Duke
William IV. of Bavaria, in conjunction with the
maitre d'armes, Hans Schenk. It is now in the
Eoyal Library at Munich.

OSTENDORFER, Martin, was court painter to
the Duke William IV., in the first half of the 16th
century ; he belonged to the school of Landshut.
He painted the portraits of his master and his wife,
Maria Jacobaa. Two pictures of his are in the
Moritz Chapel at Nuremberg, viz. :

The Martyrdom of St. Andrew.
The Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew.

OSTENDORFER, Michael, painter, sculptor, and
wood engraver, flourished in the first half of the
16th century, and formed himself mainly upon A.
Altdorfer. He worked in Eatisbon from 1519 to
1559, and died there in the latter year. Among
his pictures we may specify :


Petersburg. Hermitage.

jj »

Rotterdam. Museum.

Vienna. Belvedere.

Munich. Gallery. A Scene from the Apocalypse

(signed M. O. in a mono-
Regensburg. An Altar-piece with wings.

7, A Portrait.

Schleissheim. Gallery. A Christ on the Cross.

In the Munich Gallery there is also a small
' Hilly Landscape,' which was formerly in the

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 61 of 201)