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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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cian ; and soon afterwards a copy Owen made of
Reynolds's picture of Perdita, introduced him to
the notice of the President and to the benefit of his
instruction. In the year 1792 he made his first

appearance as an exhibitor at Somerset House,
with the ' Portrait of a Gentleman,' and a view of
Ludford Bridge, Ludlow ; each succeeding year
his practice as a portrait painter increased, till in
the year 1798 he exhibited no less than ten. This
may be considered good evidence of his artistic
skill, for he had no advantage of patronage like
Reynolds, Beechey, Lawrence, and Hoppner, who
divided the world of fashion between them. And
among those who sat to him were some of the most
distinguished men of the day ; such as William
Pitt, Lord Grenville, Sir William Scott, Cyril
Jackson, Vicary Gibbs, Chief Justice Abbot, the
Marquis of Stafford, the Earl of Bridgewater, John
Soane the architect. Viscount Exmouth, and many
others. The ' Blind Beggar's Daughter of Bethnal
Green,' ' The -Sleeping Girl,' 'The Schoolmistress,'
'The Girl at the Spring,' 'The Road-side,' 'The
Cottage Door,' ' The Children in the Wood,' are
among his subject pictures. In 1804 he became
an Associate, and in 1806 a full member of the
Royal Academy ; in 1810 he was appointed por-
trait painter to the Prince of Wales. The Prince
Regent offered to knight him, an honour which he
refused. For the last five years of his life he was
in a state of almost utter helplessness, but his
sufferings were at last put an end to in 1825 by
the mistake of a chemist's boy, who sent him a
bottle of opium instead of a harmless draught.
Owen died on the 11th of February, 1825. Besides
the pictures already named the following may be
noted :

London. Boy. Academy. ( Boy and Kitteil.
(Diploma Gall.) \ Cottage Children.

„ Jfat. Fort. Gall. John Wilson Crocker.

„ „ Lord Loughborough.

„ „ (?) John Philpot Ourran.

OZANNE, Jeanne Franqoisb, and Marie
Jeanne, were the sisters of Nicolas Ozanne, and
were instructed in engraving by Aliamet. We
have by them several prints of sea-ports, &c.,
among which are the following :

A View of the Port of Dieppe ; J. F. Ozanne ; after

A View of St. Vallery ; the same.

Two Views of the Fort of Leghorn; M. J. Ozanne;
after Vemet.

A Calm ; the sam-e ; after the sam£.

Two Pastoral subjects ; after Phil. Wouwerman ; M. J.

OZANNE, Nicolas, a French engraver, was born *
in Paris about the year 1724. He engraved from
his own drawings a number of plates of marines
and sea-ports, which are esteemed for their neat-
ness. We have, among others, the following by
him :

A set of four Landscapes and Marines ; Ozanne fee.

Two Views of the Fort of Brest.

OZANNE, Pierre, designer and engraver, was
born in Paris in 1725, who produced four sets of
etchings of shipping. He was probably a brother
of Nicholas.



A bioctRAphical dictionary of


PAAPE. See De Pape.

PAAR, Wenzel, Count von, executed some
drawings and etcliings. His son LODIS, born at
Vienna in 1772, and died in 1819, also painted
several landscapes.

PAAS, Cornelius, a German engraver, born in
1740. He settled in London about 1765, and
became engraver to George III. He died in London
in 1806.

PABLO, Pedro, was a Catalonian, who in 15G3,
in conjunction with Pedro Serafin, a Greek, painted
the doors of the great organ in Tarragona cathe-
dral. The artists received three hundred Catalonian
pounds for this performance, and were employed in
various works by the chapter.

PABST, Paul, a Dutch gentleman, who was
Burgomaster of Rochlit, Leipsic, in 1490, and
built the church of St. Peter there. He decorated
its interior with pictures, and was still living in
1524. He was also called Pabst van Ohorn, or

PACCHIA. See Del Pacchia.

PACCHIAROTTO, jAcoro (or Giacomo), was
born at Siena in 1464, and resided there until 1 535,
when, joining a conspiracy of the people against
the government, he was obliged to leave the
country ; he took refuge in Prance, where he
became acquainted with II Rosso ; and it is said
that he executed paintings for Francis I. at Fon-
tainebleau. He appears to have returned to Siena
in 1536 ; but three years afterwards he was again
in trouble with the government, when he was out-
lawed. By the intercession of his wife Girolama,
however, he was pardoned, and in 1640 restored
to his family. No record has been found of him
after this date. Owing to the fact that Pacchiarotto
is not mentioned by Vasari, great confusion has
arisen regarding him. Many of his works have
been attributed to Perugino.but, onthe other hand,
many pictures by Girolamo del Pacchia have been
■ ascribed to Pacchiarotto. The fresco in Santa
Caterina at Siena, representing ' The Visit of St.
Catharine to the body of St. Agnes at Montepul-
ciano,' long attributed to Pacchiarotto, has now
been proved to be by Del Pacchia. Among other
pictures by the latter which have been attributed
to the former, may be mentioned a ' Madonna and
Child,' in the National Gallery. Two pictures in
the Pinakothek at Munich — a ' St. Francis of Assisi,'
and a ' Madonna and Child ' — both formerly in San
Bernardino at Siena, are attributed to Pacchiarotto,
as are also several works in the Academy of Siena.
Speth, in speaking of this artist, terms him "the
second hero of the Sienese school " — Bazzi being
the fli'st — and says that to designate him as of the
school of Perugino, is only to magnify the injustice
he has already undergone in having many of his
best works attributed to that master ; adding,
" what Perugino supplied was only the spark which
in Pacchiarotto grew into a flame." But Speth
himself evidently attributed works by Del Piicchia
1o the latter, for he ])r;uses as Pacchiarotto's the
above-mentioned ' Visit of St. Catharine.'


PACE DA Paenza, painter, flourished at that town
in the 14th century. His works were of a grotesque

PACE, DoMENico Di. See Beccafdml

PACE, Michelangelo, called Di Campidoglio, a
painter of fruit and flowers, was born at Rome in
1610. He WHS a scholar of Pioravanti, and was
called ' Di Campidoglio ' from an office he held in
the Campidoglio, or Capitol, at Rome. There
was a fine picture by him in the collection of the
Duke of Marlborough at Blenheim, and many others
are to be found in England. He died in 1670.

PACECCO. See Rosa, Francisco di.

PACBLLI, Matted, a native of the Basilicata,
and a pupil of Luca Giordano, whom he followed
into Spain. He died in 1731.

PACHECO, Cristobal, a Spanish portrait and
history painter, who flourished about 1568. He
was a protege of the Duke of Alva, for whom he
painted many pictures, including several portraits.

PACHECO, Francisco, a painter, was born at
Seville in 1571. He was a pupil of Luis Fernandez,
and his first recorded works were the Standards of
the Fleets which sailed in 1694. In 1698 he exe-
cuted the paintings for the Monument erected for
the funeral honours of Philip II. In 1600 he
painted for the Convent of Mercy some scenes from
the life of St. Raymond, and in 1603 the fable of
' Daedalus and Icarus ' for the Duke of Alcala. In
1611 he visited Madrid, and on his return to Seville
established a school of painting in his ovim house.
In 1612 he painted for the nuns of St. Isabel his
greatest work, the ' Last Judgment.' In 1618 he
was appointed inspector of pictures. In 1620 lie
painted ' The Baptism of our Lord,' and ' His
Banquet served by Angels in the Desert,' for the
high altar of the college of St. Hermengild. In
1623 he visited Madrid with his son-in-law Velas-
quez, where he I'esided till 1625. On his return he
devoted himself chiefly to the pen, and wrote the
' Treatise of Painting,' which was published iu
1649. He died at Seville in 1654. The Madrid
Museo possesses the following examples of his
work :

St. Ines.

St. Catalina.

St. John the Evangelist.

St. John the Baptist.

PACHELBLIN, Amalia, a German flower-
painter, wlio was working at Nuremberg between
1686 and 1723. The details of her life are un-

PACIIER, Michael, a painter who flourished in
the latter part of the 15th century. He was a
native of Bruneck in the Tyrol, and his chief work
is an altar-piece at Wolfgang in Salzkame gut,
dated 1481.


PACICCO. See Rosa, Prancisco di.

PACINI, BiAoio DI Francesco, a Florentine
painter, who was living in 1525, iieeording to the
Ruolo de' Pittori. Signer Milanesi suggests that




he was identical with the Biagio, a pupil of Sandro
Botticelli, of whom Vasari tells an absurd story in
connection with the sale of a picture by him to a

PACINI, Santi, an obscure Florentine, who lived
towards the end of the eighteenth century. He
made the copy which took the place of Andrea del
Sarto's ' Deposition ' in the convent of S. Pietro in
Mugello, when the original picture was removed
to the Pitti Palace.

PACK, Christopher, an English portrait painter,
born at Norwich, in 1750. Brought up to trade, he
suffered some losses, and then devoted himself to
art. He came to London, and was introdoced to
Sir J. Eeynolds, whose pictures he copied. Sub-
sequently he practised as a portrait painter at
Norwich, Liverpool, Dublin, and London, where
he is last heard of in 1796.

PACOT, was a native of France, and flourished
about the year 1690. He engraved some plates of
battles and sea-fights, which are etched and finished
with the graver.

PACDVIUS, the Roman tragic poet, practised
painting by way of amusement in bis old age, and
executed some mucb-admired works in the Temple
of Hercules, about 150 B.o. After his time, Pliny
tells us, no worthy painter arose among the
Romans. The art, in fact, fell into disrepute, and
scarcely any but slaves and foreigners were found
to practise it at all.

PADER, HiLAiRE, painter and engraver, flour-
ished at Toulouse in the middle of the 17th century.
He was a pupil of Chalette, and painted several
views of Toulouse.

PADERNA, Giovanni, was born at Bologna
about the year 1600, and was a scholar of Girolamo
Curti (Dentone), under whom he became an emi-
nent painter of perspectives and architecture. After
the death of Dentone he was much employed, and
his success was such as to excite the jealousy of
Agostino Mitelli, one of the ablest artists in that
branch. Of his numerous works at Bologna, the
decorations of the Capella Zagoni, in the church of
La Madonna della Liberta, are considered among
his best performances. He died, according to some,
in 1640 ; butZani says he was living in 1647.

PADERNA, Paolo Antonio, was born at Bologna
in 1649, and for some time studied under Guercino.
On the death of that master he entered the school
of Carlo Cignani. Although he acquired some
celebrity as an historical painter, he was more
distinguished for his landscapes, which are in the
gtyle of his first instructor. He died in 1708.

PADERNI, Camillo, a Neapolitan painter, who
flourished in the 18th century. He came to Eng-
land, where he made several drawings from old
pictures. He died about 1770.


PADOVA, GinsTO da. See MENAsnoi.

PADOVANINO, Francesco, was bom at Padua
in 1561. It is not known by whom he was in-
structed in the art, but he painted history with
some success. One of the most esteemed of his
works is a picture representing a Saint interceding
for two criminals condemned to death, in the
church of La Madonna del Carmine, at Venice.
He also was much employed in painting portraits.
He died in 1617.

PADOVANINO, II (Alessandeo). See Vaeo-


PADOVANINO, II (Ottavio, son of Ludovico).
See Leoni.

VOL. II. a

PADOVANINO, Ottavio, the son of Francesco
Padovanino, was born at Padua about the year
1582. After studying some time under his father,
he was sent to Rome for improvement. He ac-
quired some celebrity as an historical painter, but
was chiefly engaged in portrait painting, in whicli
he was more successful. He died in 1634.

PADOVANO, Gaspaeo. See Ostbllo.

PADOVANO, Girolamo, See Sordo.

PADOVANO, Lauro. In the ' Venezia Descritta,'
by Sansovino, this painter is said to have been a
native of Padua, and a scholar of Francesco Squar-
cione. He was a successful imitator of the style
of Andrea Mantegna, and painted for the church
of La Caritk at Venice some subjects from the life
of St. John, which rank among the most creditable
productions of the time. He is stated by the above
author to have flourished about the year 1420. It
is expected, however, that he is one with Lauro,
or Laura da Padova, who lived to a much later
period : Zani says he was at work from 1470 to

PADRO Y PEDRET, TomAs, designer and painter,
was born at Barcelona in 1840, and died there in
1877. He was a pupil of the school of art in that
city,and of the Academy of San Fernando, studying
under Madrazo and Riviera, and being specially
distinguished for his caricatures.

PADTBRUGGE, H. L., was a native of Stock-
holm, and flourished about the year 1700. He
engraved the greater part of the plates for a work
entitled ' Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna,' published
in three vols, folio ; the first in 1693, the last in
1714. It contains about three hundred and fifty
plates, consisting of bird's eye views and maps.

PAELINCK, Joseph, an historical painter, was
born at Oostacker, near Ghent, in 1781. He com-
menced his artistic studies under Verhaegen, the
professor of painting at the Academy of Ghent ;
after this he went to Paris, and enrolled himself
among the scholars of David. In 1804 he obtained
a prize offered by the Academy at Ghent, with his
picture of ' The Judgment of Paris,' and was also
named Professor of Design to the Academy. He
shortly after vacated this appointment, and went
to Italy in order to study the works of the great
masters. Here he corrected much of the academic
manner which he had imbibed in the school of
David, and produced what is considered bis best
picture, 'The Finding of the Cross,' which is now
in the church of St. Michel at Ghent. He remained
at Rome for about five years, and during that time
he painted a large picture for the palace of the
Pope at Monte-Cavallo, representing the embellish-
ments of Rome by Augustus. In 1815 he became
court painter to the queen, and a member of tlie
Netherlands Institute. In 1820 he obtained the
great prize at Ghent for his ' Anthia.' Finally he
became professor at the Academy of Brussels. He
died in that city in 1839. His principal pictures,
in addition to the above, are :

The Adoration of the Shepherds. (^Convent of La

Trofpe, near Antwerp^
The Flight into Egypt. (At Malines.)
The Departure of Tobit. {Ophraekel, near Oudenarde^)
The Return of Tobit. (For Maria Oudenhove.)
The Assumption of the Virgin. (For Muysen, near

The Disciples at Bmmaus. (Church at Everghem, near

Calvary. ( Village of Oostacker.)
The Toilette of Psyche. (Hague Museum.)
The Dance of the Muses.





The Judgment of Midas.
The Abdication of Charles V.

PAESI, II Giovane de. See Muziano.

PAKST, HENRy, a portrait painter and copyist,
■who practised in England in the latter half of the
17th century. He worked under Henry Stone and
Francis Barlow. There was a copy by him of
Luca Giordano's ' Cyclops ' at St. James's Palace.
He died in 1697.

PAGANELLI, Nkjcolo, a painter of Faenza
born in 1638. He worked chiefly at Rome, but
executed a famous picture of ' St. Martin ' for the
cathedral of Faenza, which has been ascribed to
Liica Longhi. He died in 1620. Paganelli signed
his pictures N + P.

PAGANI, Francesco, was born, according to
Baldinucci, at Florence in 1531. Afterlearning the
first rudiments of art in his native city he went to
Rome, where he studied the works of Polidoro da
Caravaggio and Maturino. He returned to Florence
at the age of twenty-one, where he soon produced
some worlts which procured him a reputation. He
was considered one of the most promising artists
of his time, but died young at Castelfiorentino in

PAGANI, Grbgorio, the son of Francesco
Pagan), was born in 1568. Hie father dying when
he was an infant, he was placed as a disciple of
Santo di Titi, and afterwards improved his style by
the instruction of Lodovioo Cardi, called Cigoli.
In imitation of the style of that master, he painted
a picture of ' The Finding of the Cross,' for the
church of the Carmelites, of which a print by
Cecchi is the only record. The church was de-
stroyed by fire. Some of his fresco works remain
in the cloister of Santa Maria Novella, Florence,
including a ' Nativity.' His own portrait by him-
self is in the liiccardi Gallery of the same city,
and in the Uffizi there is a 'Family of Tobit' by
him. Baldinucci dates his death in 1605.

PAGANI, Paolo, was bom at Valsolda, in the
Milanese state, in 1661. He formed his manner
by studying, at Venice, the works of the best
masters, and, according to Zanetti, established
there an academy, where he introduced a style of
designing the nude, which, though occasionally
surcharged and extravagant, is bold and eifective.
After a residence of some years at Venice, where
he painted several pictures for the churches, he
returned to Milan, and was much employed for the
public edifices and for private collections. One of
his best works is in the Dresden Gallery. He died
in 1716.

PAGANINI, G^GLiELMO Capodobo, was born,
according to Orlandi, at Mantua in 1670, and was
a scholar of Antonio Calza. His genius led him to
paint battles and encampments, but having seen
some of the pictures of Borgognone at Florence,
he attached himself to the study and imitation
of that artist's works. No particulars as to his
individual works appear to be recorded.

PAGGI, Giovanni Battista, (or Pagi,) was
born at Genoa in 1554 or 1556. He was first a
scholar of Luca Cambiaso, and improved himself
in design by studying antique statues and bas-
reliefs. He had acquired some reputation as a
painter of history, when he unhappily killed an
antagonist in a quarrel, which obliged him to
leave Genoa, and he took refuge at Florence, where
he resided twenty years, and was employed by
Francesco and Ferdinando de' Medici. Florence
was at that time the residence of several artists of

distinction, who, with Lodovioo Cardi, contributed
to lift the Florentine school out of the languid
state into which it had fallen, by introducing the
more vigorous and effective style which was at
that period established in Lombardy. His first
productions were rather distinguished by grace
than energy, as his ' Holy Family ' in the church
Degli Angeli, at Florence, proves. He after-
wards adopted a manner more robust and mascu-
line ; and his large work of the ' Transfiguration,'
in the church of San Marco, is painted with such
vigour and effect, that it does ncit appear to be by
the same hand. Another of his earlier works is
his ' St. Catherine of Siena,' in Santa Maria Novella
of the same city. Lanzi mentions as his finest
works, three subjects from the Passion of our
Saviour, at the Certosa at Pavia. In 1600 he was
invited to return to Genoa, where he was much
employed for the public edifices and private collec-
tions. His best performances at Genoa are two
pictures in the church of St. Bartolommeo, and
'The Murder of the Innocents,' in the Palazzo
Doria, painted in 1606, in competition with Rubens.
He died in 1627. He was also a sculptor, architect,
and writer on art.

PAGHOLO. See Baktolommbo di Pagholo.

PAGLIA, Antonio, a native of Brescia, born in
1680, was a son and pupil of Francesco Paglia.
He died in 1747. His brother Angelo was born
in 1681, and died in 1763. Antonio was in the
habit of painting from groups of little clay figures
modelled by himself, by which means he obtained
a piquant chiaroscuro. In colour he was akin to
the second-rate Venetians.

PAGLIA, Francesco, was born at Brescia in
1636, and was brought up in the school of Guer-
cino. He painted some pictures for the public
edifices at Brescia, of which the most distinguished
is an altar-piece, in the church of La Carita.
His best productions are his portraits. According
to Zani he died in 1713.

PAGLIARI, Giovanni Battista, a painter of
Cremona, was born in 1641. He died in 1717.

PAGNEST, Louis Claude, a French portrait
painter, bom in 1790. His portrait of M. de
Nanteuil, painted in 1817, gained him a good deal
of reputation. He died in 1819.

PAGNI, Benedetto, was a native of Pescia, and
was brought up at Rome in the school of Giulio
Romano. He followed that master to Mantua,
where he distinguished himself as a painter of
history. In the church of Sant' Andrea is an altar-
piece by him of the Martyrdom of St. Lorenzo;
and at the Collegiati, a picture of the Marriage of
Cana. Zani says he was at work from 1525 to

PAIGEOLINE (or Paigeloine). The name of
this engraver is affixed to a slight etching from
a picture by Paolo Veronese, representing the
' Mother of Moses brought to Pharaoh's Daughter.'

PAILLET, Antoine, a pupil of Bourdon, was
bom in Paris in 1659, and died in 1739. He was
a portrait and historical painter, and professor of
the Royal Academy of Paris. In 1669 he was
rector of that institution.

PAINE, James, a water-colour draughtsman, was
a son of James Paine, the architect. He exhibited at
the Spring Gardens Exhibitions in 1761-64-70, and
was a member of the St. Martin's Lane Academy.

PAIOT, — , was a French engraver of little note,
who appears to have been chiefly employed by the
booksellers. Among others, there is a print by




him of ' David,' a half-length figure, after Vignon.
He lived about 1627.

PAJOU, AuGUSTE Desib^, was the son of Jacques
Augustin Pajou. He was born in 1800, and studied
under his father and Baron Qros. His best work
is ' Las Casas and his Guides attacked by a Tiger.'

PAJOU, Jacques Adgdstin, historical painter,
was born in Paris in 1766. His father was the
famous sculptor, Augustin Pajou. He was in-
structed in painting by Vincent. At first he painted
portraits, among whicli were those of the Emperor
Napoleon and several of his Marshals. He after-
wards took to historical scenes, among which an
' CEdipus and Polynices,' at Fontainebleau, may be

PALACIOS, Francisco, a Spanish painter, was
born at Madrid about 1640. He entered the school
of Velasquez, and early gave indications of a talent
for portraiture, but the death of his master in 1660
appears to have put a limit to his progress. Jean
Bermudez notices his picture of ' St. Onophrius,'
in the church of the female penitentiary. He died
in 1676.

PALADINI, Abcangela, was born at Pisa in
1599. She was the daughter of Filippo Paladini,
a portrait painter, by whom she was instructed in
the rudiments of the art. Her talents were not
confined to painting, for she excelled in music,
and above all in embroidery. Her portrait, painted
by herself, was placed in the gallery of artists at
Florence. She died in 1622.

PALADINI, LiTTERio. In the 'Memorie de'
Messinesi Pittore,' by Hackert, this painter is said
to have been born at Messina in 1691. He worked
at Rome, in the school of Sebastiano Gonca, but
studied largely from the antique. On his return
to Messina, he was engaged in several considerable
works in fresco, of which the most esteemed is the
ceiling of the church of Monte Vergine. He died
of the plague in 1743.

PALADINO, Filippo, a native of Florence, was
born in 1544. He was a pupil of Allori. He lived
in Rome and Jlilan, but chiefly in Sicily, where
most of his works are to be found. He died at
Mazzarino in 1614.

PALAGI, Pelagic, historical painter, was born
at Bologna in 1775, and was a pupil of Appiani.
In the time of Napoleon he was director of the
Academy at Rome, and later on a professor in that
at Milan, and member of that of San Luca. He
died at Turin in 1860. There are by him :

Columbus before Ferdinand and Isabella. 1829. (>Sy^-
ncrr Faloso's, Genoa.)

Coriolanus before the Gates of Eome.

Gustavus Adolphus ordering the Legislative Assembly
to swear fealty to his Daughter.

A Sibyl.

PALAIS. See Pelais.

PALAMEDES. See Stievens.

PALAVICINI, GiAcoMO, called II Giannolo,
was born at Caspen in the Veltlin, in 1640. Altar-
pieces by this artist are found at Cremona, Verona,
and Milan. He also painted a few portraits. He
died in 1729.

PALCKO, Feanz Kael, son of Anton Palcko
(who died at Presburg in 1754), was born at
Breslau in 1724. Be was first a pupil of his elder

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 63 of 201)