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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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has been ascertained, but he was still living in

PAPILLON, Jean, ' the elder,' a French engraver
on wood, was born at Rouen in 1639. He was
instructed by Du Bellay, but his design was not
equal to his engraving. He died in Paris in 1710.

PAPILLON, Jean Baptiste, ' the younger,' the
son of Jean Papillon, was bom at St. Quentin in
1661. After receiving some instruction in drawing
from his father, he was sent to Paris, where he was
placed under the tuition of Noel Cochin. His first
pursuit was drawing with a pen. He afterwards
turned his attention to engraving on wood, and his
cuts possess considerable merit. He executed a
great variety of vignettes and book ornaments,
and is said to have been the inventor, about the
year 1688, of paper-hangings for rooms. He died
in Paris in 1723. Among his cuts were the por-
traits of Popes Paul III., Jnlius III., and Pius IV.,
also of King James II. of England. His most
famous woi'k was a ' Mass-book ' in chiaroscuro
after Leolerc.

PAPILLON, Jean Baptiste Michel, the son of
Jean Baptiste Papillon, was born in Paris in 1698,
and was instructed by his father in the art of
engraving on wood, which he practised with great
success. Among his best performances are the
cuts he executed in conjunction with N. le Sueur,
from the designs of J. J. Bachelier, for the fine
edition of 'Les Fables de la Fontaine,' in four
volumes folio. He also furnished 217 plates to
the Amsterdam Historical Bible. He published a
history of the art of engraving on wood, in two
volumes, entitled, ' Traits Historique et Pratique
de la Gravure en Bois,' in which, however, he was
guilty of many mistakes, while the appearance of
more recent works on the subject has destroyed
its value. He died in Paris in 1776.

PAPILLON, Jean Nicolas, wood engraver, was
born at St. Quentin in 1663. He was the son of
Jean Papillon 'the elder.' He executed several
unimportant works. He died in 1714.

PAPIN, J. A., a French painter, and native of
Bordeaux, was born in 1800. He never rose above
mediocrity, and died in 1880. His best work is a
' Dream of St. Joseph.'

PAPINI, Giuseppe, (or Giuseppe Benedetti de
Papini,) an Italian engraver, who, according to
Zani, was born in 1707, and died in 1782. He
executed several plates of ceilings, and other
decorations for the ' Museo Etrusco,' by Gori ; the
' Museum Gapitolinum ;' and other works published
between 1737 and 1760.

PAPPANELLI, Niccol6, a native of Faenza,
was born in 1637. He was a knight, and an
amateur in art, which, however, he studied with
enthusiasm under the influence, at least, of Baroccio.
His best work is a ' St. Martin ' in Faenza cathe-
dral. Pappanelli died in 1620, aged 83.

PAPPEBITZ, GustavFkiedbich, landscape and
genre painter and etcher, was born at Dresden in
1813. He studied at the Academy there under
Clausen-Dahl, and, after 1836, at Munich. He
travelled in Italy and Spain. His death occurred
at Dresden in 1861. In 1836 he brought outtwelve
etchings of Italian views. Among his paintings
there are :

The Valley of Blche, in Spain. (Dresden 3Ittseum.)

Buins of Petersberg, near Halle.
Siciliau Pilgrim scene.

PAPPINO della PIEVE, an Italian painter of
the 16th century. He was a pupil of Niocoli Soggi,
but died in his first youth.

PAQUEST, AiMABLE Louis Claude, a pupil of
David, born in 1790, and died in 1819. Though
well endowed by nature, his early death and his
laborious finish curtailed his productiveness ; a
portrait of M. de Nanteuil-Lanorville, exhibited in
1817, with three or four other portraits and a few
studies, complete the list of his pictures.

PARADISI, NiccoLO, a Venetian painter of the
15th century, whose name is preserved by the
signature on a ' Crucifixion,' which runs thus :
Nicholaws Paradixi Miles de Venetiis pinadt,
1404. The picture belongs to the Agosliniani
family at Yerucchio.

PAEANT, — , a painter referred to in the will of
Pierre Mignard. Probably a journeyman who
' forwarded ' that master's pictures and completed
the accessories.

PABANT, Louis Beetin, a famous painter on
ivory and porcelain, was born in 1767. He was
distinguished by Napoleon when First Consul ; for
him he executed several works. Parant died in

PARASACCHI, DoMENico, an Italian designer
and engraver, resided at Rome about the year 1630.
In conjunction with Giovanni Maggi, he engraved
a set of plates of the Fountains at Rome, published
in 1618, and again, with additions, in 1636.

PARASOLE, Beenakdino, was the son of Leo-
nardo Parasole, and studied painting in the school
of Giuseppe Cesari. He was a native of Norcia.
He had begun to distinguish himself as an his-
torical painter, when he died, in the bloom of life.
He executed a few engravings on wood, from his
own designs.

PARASOLE, Geeonima, was a sister of Isabella
Parasole. We have by her some engravings on
wood ; and, among others, the ' Battle of the Cen-
taurs,' after Tempesta ; and a series of scenes from
the Life of St. Anthony.

PARASOLE, Isabella, was the wife of Leonardo
Parasole, who assumed her family name. She
executed several cuts of plants for an herbal, pub-
lished under the direction of Prince Cesi, of Aqua-
sparta. She published a book on the methods of
working lace and embroidery, with ornamental
cuts, which she engraved from her own designs.
She was working at Rome about 1600, and died
there in her 60th year.

PARASOLE, Leonaedo, born Noesini (or Nor-
cino), an Italian engraver on wood, was born at
Rome about the year 1570. He chiefly distinguished
himself by his cuts in the Herbal of Castor Durante,
physician to Pope Sixtus V., which were engraved
by order of that pontiff. He also engraved the
wood-cuts to a 'Testamentum novum, arabice et
latine,' and several prints from the designs of
Antonio Tempesta, including an ' Annunciation.'
He married Isabella Parasole, and thenceforth
went by her name.

PARCELLES, Jan, (Paecellis, Peecelles, Pok-
cellis, &c.,) painter and etcher, was born at
Ghent about the year 1597, and was a scholar of
Hendrik Cornells de Vroom. He lived at Haarlem
from 1622 to 1680, and died there in or subsequent
to the latter year. He excelled in painting marines,
particularly tempests, thunderstorms, and ship-
wrecks. His pictures of calms have also considerable





merit ; they usually represent views of the
coast of Holland, with fishing-boalB, and groups
of figures on the strand. Among his etchings are
the following :
A set of twelve large and eight small Sea-pieces.
A set of twelve plates of the different Shipping used in

Holland, with a Latin inscription. 1627.
PARCELLES, Julius, the son and scholar of
Jan Parcelles, was born at Leyerdorp in 1628.
He painted similar subjects to those of his father,
vifhose style he imitated with some success. His
productions cannot always be distinguished from
those of the elder Parcelles, as they both marked
their pictures with the initials J. P. Good ex-
amples of their work are to be seen in the galleries
of Berlin, Frankfort, and Vienna.

PARBDES, Juan de, was a Spanish painter,
who studied under Miguel Menendez at Madrid,
and afterwards with Evaristo Munoz at Valencia.
According to Cean Bermudez his drawing and
colouring excelled many of his contemporaries;
His best works are in the convent of the Shod
Trinitarians and in the College of Augustines, at

PAREJA, Juan de, known as the Slave of
Velasquez, was born at Seville in 1606. He
accompanied Velasquez to Madrid in 1623, and re-
mained in his service till he died. Being employed
in the menial work of the studio he took every
opportunity to perfect himself as an artist, but
kept his ambition studiously concealed from his
master. At length he painted a picture which he
placed in his master's studio in such a position as
to attract the attention of Philip IV. The king
was so pleased with the work that he asked for
the author, whereupon Pareja owned that it was
himself, and in return received his liberty. Velas-
quez promoted him to the rank of a pupil, but he
remained in his master's service till the latter died,
and afterwards served his daughter till his own
death in 1670. The Madrid Gallery possesses a
single work of Pareja, ' The Calling of St. Matthew,'
and the Gallery of St. Petersburg the portrait of a
Provincial of some religious order. He excelled
in portraiture.

PARBNTANI, Antonio, an obscure Italian
painter, who was at work in Turin in 1550. He
painted a ' Paradise,' with many angels, in the
Chapter House of the Consolata.

PARENTING, Bernardino, who lived in the
15th and 16th centuries, is thought to have belonged
to the Benedictine Order, to have taken the name
of Lorenzo, and to have died at Vicenza in 1531.
He was an imitator of Squarcione, and his earliest
production is a Religious Allegory in the Gallery
of Modena, representing the Saviour carrying His
Cross, St. Jerome penitent before a crucifix, and
a kneeling bishop in a landscape. The Doria
Gallery, in Rome, possesses three panels by him,
with scenes from the life of St. Anthony, which
show a Mantegnesque feeling. His latest work
consists of some unfinished frescoes of scenes from
the life of St Benedict, in the cloisters of San
Giustina, Padua.

PARET Y ALCAZAR, Luis, painter, designer,
and etcher, was born at Madrid in 1747. He
received a liberal education, and becoming a scholar
of Antonio Gonzalez Velasquez, he obtained in
1760-6 prizes at the Academy of St. Ferdinand.
Having finished his artistic education, he applied
himself to studying oriental and other languages
and history. Returning to Madrid he became a


member of the Academy, and was employed by
Charles III. to paint views of the various harbours
of Spain on the Atlantic coast. He held the post
of vice-secretary to the Academy, and secretary
to a board of architecture for the purpose of exam-
ining works to be constructed at the state expense.
He died at Madrid in 1799. He painted a large
picture representing the ' Estates of the kingdom
taking the oath of allegiance to the Prince of
Asturias, afterwards Charles IV.' According to
Cean Bermudez, his best work was a series of
drawings made by request of Don Gabriel Sancha,
to illustrate ' Don Quixote : ' unfortunately they were
never engraved. He left several etchings and a
few frontispieces for books.

PARIA. See Pebriee, Franqois.

PARIGI, GlULio, a ITlorentine architect, en-
gineer, and designer, was the son of the architect
Alfonso Parigi. ' There are three etchings ascribed
to Giulio by Bartsch and Nagler : ' The Garden of
Calypso,' ' The Temple of Peace,' and a Landscape
after R. Canta-Gallina, who was his scholar. Giuho
died in 1635. His son, Alfonso Parigi, ' the
younger,' etched some plates of opera scenes in the
manner of Canta-Gallina ; also some other theatrical
decorations, one of which represents a ' Dance of
Cavaliers and Ladies.' He was at one time military
engineer, and afterwards architect to the Duke of
Tuscany. He died at Florence in 1656.

PARILLA, Miguel, a painter, was bom at
Malaga about 1620. He was at first only a village
painter, but he afterwards rose to considerable
distinction. He died about 1683.

PARIS, Di. See Alfani.

PARIS, Jean de. See Peereal.

PARIS, Jerome, engraver, was bom at Versailles
in 1744. He was instructed by Longueil, and
engraved several landscapes and views, among
which were :

Views of Provence ; after HacTcert.

Views of Besan^on ; after Zingg.

Views of Dresden ; after the same.

Views of Blois, Nantes, Noyon, etc, ; after Desfriches.

Landscape ; after Van der Meer.

Landscapes ; after Ter Heinpel.

He died about 1810.

PARIS, PlEEBE Adeibn, an architect and archi-
tectural designer, was born at Besanqon, in 1747,
and died in 1819. His architectural designs appear
in ' Le Voyage a Naples,' by Saint Non ; in ' Les
Tableaux de la Suisse,' by Delaborde ; and in works
published by himself: such as ' Recueil de desseins
et etudes d'Architeoture,' nine vols, in folio ; ' Exa-
men des Edifices de Rome,' in folio ; ' Restoration
du Colyss6,' forty-five plates ; and other pub-
1 cations.

PARISE, Feancesco, a painter of Calabria, was
called Cabresello. He studied at Naples under
P, de Matteis, and afterwards went to Rome to
study under Maratti. He painted pictures for
churches, landscapes, and sea-pieces. He died
about 1743.

PARISET, D. P., a French engraver, was born
at Lyons in 1740. He is supposed to have been a
pupil of Demarteau, under whom he learned the
art of engraving in the chalk style. In 1769 he
came to England, where he was for some time
employed by Ryland, and engraved some plates
for the collection of prints from the drawings of the
great masters, published by Rogers. He also
worked for Bartolozzi. The date of his death is
unknown. We have also by him several portraits




after Falconet and others, among them the follow-

Sir Joshua Reynolds ; P. Falconet del. 1768.

Benjamin "West, with his family ; after West.

Francis Cotes.

William Eyland.

Paul Sandby.

Ozias Humphrey.

J. Meyer.

Oliv. r Cromwell ; after Cooper.

The Death of Admiral de Coligny,

The Death of the Duke of Guise.

PARISINUS, AuGUSTiNUS, is supposed to have
been a native of France, and to have flourished
about the year 1640. He engraved several plates
of book ornaments, which are executed with the
graver ; also, in conjunction with J. B. Coriolano
and Olivier Gatti, a book of emblems by Paul
Macchi, published at Bologna in 1628. There are
also a few landscapes with his mark, a large A.
with a P. beneath it.

PARIZEAU, Philip Lodis, a French engraver,
was born in Paris in 1740 or 1748, and died in
1801. We have by him several etchings after
Salvator Rosa and other masters, among them
the following :

An Assembly of Roman Soldiers ; after Salv. Rosa.

Marias seated on the Ruins of Carthage ; after the same.

The Martyrdom of St. Andrew ; after Deshayes.

The Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew ; after the same.

Psyche refusing the Honours of Divinity ; after Boucher.

PARK, Thomas, an English engraver, born in
1760. His works are in mezzotint, and were pro-
duced in the early part of his career. After 1797
he devoted himself to literature and to antiquarian
pursuits. Amongst his plates are :

Hon. Lincoln Stanhope ; after Sir J. Reynolds. 1788.

Dr. Thomas, Bishop of Rochester ; after the same. 1788.

Miss Penelope Boothby ; after the same. 1789.

Holman and Miss Bruuton as Romeo and Juliet ; after

Mrs. Jordan as the Comic Muse ; after Hoppner. 1786.

Lord Henry Fitzgerald ; after the same.

PARKER, Feedeeick, an English wood engraver
of nmch promise, who died young in 1847.

PARKER, James, an engraver, was born in
1750, and was a pupil of Basire. He was one of
the engravers employed by Boydell in his ' Shake-
speare : ' eleven of the plates are by him. He also
engraved •' The Revolution of 1688 ; ' ' The Novel ; '
and ' Yoriok feeling the Lady's Pulse, ' after North-
cote ; ' The Commemorations of the 14th of Feb-
ruary and the 11th of October, 1797,' after Sniirke ;
several of the plates for Flaxman's illustrations of
Homer's Iliad ; for the ' Vicar of Wakefield ' (1792),
after Stothard ; and for Falconer's ' Shipwreck '
(1795). He was one of the founders, and a
governor, of the Society of Engravers. He died
in 1805.

PARKER, John, was an historical and portrait
painter, and was born in England about 1730. He
resided several years in Rome, where he displayed
sufBcient ability to be employed to paint an altar-
piece for the church of San Gregorio, on Monte
Celio, representing St. Silvia. He returned to
England about the year 1762, and was an exhibitor
at the Society's Rooms, in the Strand, in 1763,
where he had two pictures. The subject of one
was 'The Assassination of David Rizzio ; ' the
other, his own portrait. He did not long survive
his return to England, but died at Paddington
about the year 1765.

PARKER, JouN, landscape painter, was for
some time a student in the Duke of Richmond's

Gallery, and received some instruction from the
Smiths of Chichester. He was at Rome about
1768, but had returned to England by 1770. He
exhibited at the Academy in 1771, and again and
for the last time in 1776.

PARKES, David, an English draughtsman, born
at Hales Owen in 1763. He was a schoolmaster,
and made sketches of antiquarian interest, some
of which appeared in the 'Gentleman's Magazine.'
He died at Shrewsbury in 1833.

PARKES, JAMES,an English draughtsman, theson
of D. Parkes, was born in 1794. He taught draw-
ing at Shrewsbury. Twelve etchings of antiquities
in Shrewsbury by him were published in the year
after his death, which took place in 1828.

PARKINSON, Thomas, an English portrait and
subject painter, in the second half of the 18th
century. He had considerable practice in theatrical
subjects, and exhibited at the Academy from 1775
to 1789. Amongst his works are :

Scene from ' She Stoops to Conquer.' 1775.

Scene from ' Cymon.' 1775.

Scene from ' The Duenna.' 1776.

Garrick as Macbeth.

Mrs. Bradshaw as Dorcas. Garrick Club, London.

Palmer and Reddish in ' Cymbeline.'

Some of his pictures have been engraved.
PARMA, Battista Pensieki da. See Pau-


PARMA, CKiSTOEoro da. See Caselli.

PARMA, Danielk da. See Porei.

PARMA, Fab. Andrea da. See Parmigiano.

PARMANTIO, Jacques. A painter of this name,
of French extraction, lived at the end of the 17th
century at the Hague, where he painted some
ceilings in the Binnenhof.

PARME, JuLiEN Di. See Julibn, Simon.

PARMEGIANO (or Paemegianino). See Maz-
znoLA, Feancesco.

PARMENSIS, Battista Pensieei, (or da
Paema,) an Italian engraver, was born at Parma
in the former part of the 16th century, and worked
from 1638 to 1601. He chiefly resided at Rome,
where he engraved several plates after various
masters, and from his own designs. He was
patronized by Pietro Aretino, and praised by him
in some of his letters. His prints are executed
with the graver, in a style resembling that of
Cornelis Cort. Among others, we have the follow-
ing by him :

The Portrait of Philip II., King of Spain. 1589.

The Virgin and Infant appearing to St. John; after

Baroccio. Baptista Parmenais fee. 1588.
The Baptism of Christ. Bapt. Parmensis del.
The Chastity of Joseph. 1592.
The Crucifixion, in two sheets ; Bapt. Parmensis for-

mis. 1584.

PARMENSIS, Jacobus. See Caraglio.

PARMENTIER, Jacqoes, called James, was
born in France in 1658. He was a nephew of
Sebastian Bourdon, by whom he was instructed
in art. On the death of Bourdon, he came to
England in 1676, and was for some time employed
by Charles de la Fosse, to assist him in the works
upon which he was engaged at Montague Ho'use.
King William sent Parmentier to Holland, to
ornament his palace at Loo, but he quarrelled with
Marot, the superintendent of the works, and
returned to London. Not finding much employ-
ment on his arrival, he went into Yorkshire, and
was engaged in several historical subjects as well
as portraits. He painted an altar-piece for the





principal church at Hull,, and a picture of ' Moses
receiving the Law,' for St. Peter's church in Leeds.
Hia best performance was the staircase at Work-
sop. He gave a picture of Diana and Endymion'
to Painters' Hall. On the death of Laguerre, in
1721, he returned to London, where he died in

PARMENTIER, L., engraved a title for the
' Works of Philips Wouwerraan,' with the portrait
of the painter at the bottom, from a design by
J. de la Jore.

PARMIGIANINO. See RoccA, Michelb.

PARMIGIANO, (or Paemigianino). See Maz-


PARMIGIANO (or Paemigianino). See Scaglia.

PARMIGIANO, GiULio, a battle painter of
Venice, called Ca Geimani, was educated in the
school of P. Monti. He accompanied General
Griraani to the Morea, to make drawings of battles,
which he painted for the Palazzo Grimani at Venice,
He died in 1734.

PARMIGIANO, Fabkizio Andrea, (or da
Parma,) was born about 1555, and flourished at
Rome as a landscape painter in the pontitioate of
Clement VII. In the church of Santa Cecilia in
Ti'astevere, are eight large pictures by him, painted
in fresco, in which, like some of the landscapes by
the Carracci, there is more fancy than truth. He
died in 1600.

PAROCEL. See Pabeocel.

PARODI, DoMENico, (or Paerodi,) was born at
Genoa in 1668. He was the son of Giacomo
Filippo Parodi, an eminent sculptor, who bestowed
on him an excellent education. He acquired the
first elements of design under his father, and for
some time applied himself to the pursuit of
sculpture ; but a partiality for painting prevailed,
and he was sent to Venice, where he entered the
school of Bombelli, and became an excellent
oolourist by studying the works of Tintoretto
and Paolo Veronese. He also visited Rome, where
he attached himself to the manner of Carlo
Maratti. His ' S. Francesco di Sales,' in the
church of San Filippo Neri at Genoa, is in the
style of that master. He further painted ' The
Holy Trinity, with SS. Stephen and Leonard,' in
Santa Vergine delle Vigne, and representations of
the deeds of the Negroni family in their palace in
the same city. He died in 1740.

PARODI, Ottatio, was born at Pavia in 1659,
and was a scholar of Andrea Lanzano. He after-
wards visited Rome, where he studied some years.
On his return to Pavia he executed several works
for the public places in that city, which established
his reputation as a painter of history. He was
still hving in 1718.

PARODI, Pellegeo, a portrait painter, was the
son of Domenico Parodi. He went to Portugal,
and in Lisbon painted portraits of many leading
men. Capinetti engraved after him the portrait
of the Marquis Pombal, and Gregori that of the
Doge Spinola. He died about 1769.

PAROLINI, Giacomo (or Giacomo Filippo), was
born at Ferrara in 1663. His father dying when
he was only five years of age, he was taken under
the protection of a maternal uncle, who perceiving
his disposition for art, pi aced him with the Cavaliere
Peruzzini at Turin, with whom he remained until
he was sixteen, when he visited Bologna, and
entered the school of Carlo Cignani. He returned
to Ferrara in 1699, and finished some pictures
left imperfect by M. Aurelio Scanuavini, who had


been his fellow-student under Cignani. He was
successful in the design of his female figures and
children, and his bacchanals and festive dances
remind us of Albani. His pictures of those
subjects are to be found in almost every collection
in Ferrara. Of his historical works the most
considerable are, the 'Last Supper,' in the cathedral
at Ferrara; and a fresco representing 'St. Sebastian
with a glory of angels,' in the church dedicated to
that Saint at Verona. He was the last eminent,
painter of his country, and "with him," says
Lanzi, " was buried the glory of the Ferrarese
school." He died at Ferrara in 1733.

PAROLINI, Pio, was, according to Titi, a
native of Udine, though he chiefly resided at
Rome, where he was received into the Academy in
1678. He painted an allegorical subject on the
ceiling of'one of the chapels in San Carlo al Corso.

PARONE, Francesco, was born, according to
Baglione, at Milan, near the end of the 16th
century. He was the son of an obscure artist ;
but at an early age he visited Rome, where he
had the good fortune to be taken under the
protection of the Marquis of Giustiniani, who
enabled him to study the works of art in his own
collection and elsewhere. In the church of the
monastery of San Romualdo, is an altar-piece by
him, representing the ' Martyrdom of a Saint.'
Parone died at Rome in the prime of life, in
the year 1634.

PAROY, Jacques de, glass painter, was bom at
Saint Pourcain sur Allier, Auvergne, towards the
end of the 16th century. He studied in Rome
under Domenichino. He painted the choir windows
in St. Mdry, Paris ; he designed the story of
Susanna for another set of windows in the same
church, and also the four ' Fathers of the Church.'
Paroy died at the end of the 17th century, aged 102.

PAROY, Jean Philippe Gdt, a French painter
and engraver, was born in Brittany in 1750. In
his youth he showed great talent for art, in spite
of the opposition of his father. In 1800 he
produced his engraving of the ' Modern Antigone,'
which had great success. He wrote a Iiistory
of the Royal Academy of Painting, and other
works. He died in 1822.

PARR, Remi, (or Eemigiits,) an architectural
designer and engraver, was born at Rochester

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 66 of 201)