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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Bartsch, who speaks highly of his ability as a
designer with the pen, and of the freedom and
boldness of his work with the burin, mentions the
first fifteen of the following etchings :

The CShastity of Joseph ; aper Farmigzano.

The Visitation ; after F. i'aiviati.

The Virgin, with the Infant and St. John, marked

A similar subject with the letters B. P.

The Virgin sitting on the ground, with the Infant
Jesus on her knees ; signed jS. Pasarot.

Jesus Christ holding a banner ; B. Pasarot. This and
the five following are supposed to be part of a suite
of thirteen, representing Christ and Tola Apostles.

St. Peter, with the letters B. P.

St. Andrew. B. Pasarot.

St. John the Evangelist. B. Pasarot.

St. Bartholomew. B. Pasarot.

St. Paid, with the letters B. P.

Eeligion, represented by a woman seated in the son ;
signed B.

Painting, represented by a young Female with Wings ;
with the letters B. P.

A young Woman in Bed. B. Passaroto, written back-
wards, the letter B. reversed and joined to the P.

A Sacrifice, in which there are eight figures. The
letters B. P. on the left at bottom.

A Charity, mentioned by Gori.

The Marriage of Isaac and Eebecca; after Perugino;

mentioned by Post.
A Holy Family, doubtful.
St. Peter delivered from Prison by an Angel, marked

B. P. ; mentioned by Zani.

PASSEEOTTI, TiBUEZio, the eldest son and the
disciple of Bartolommeo Passerotti, was bom at
Bologna in 1575. He painted history and por-
traits, in the style of his father. Of his works in
the public edifices at Bologna, the following are
the most deserving of notice. In the church of
Santa Maria Mascarella, a picture of the ' Assump-
tion ;' in Santa Cecilia, ' St. Francis and St. Jerome
kneeling before the Virgin ; ' in Santa Cristina,the
' Annunciation ; ' and in San Giacomo Maggiore, the
' Martyrdom of St. Catharine,' his best performance.
He died at Bologna, in the prime of life, in 1612.
Zani calls him an amateur.

PASSEROTTI, Ventura, the fourth son of Bar-
tolommeo Passerotti, was born at Bologna about
1586. He was instructed by his father, and assisted
by his brother Tiburzio. He, however, chiefly
delighted in making pen drawings. His practice
as a professed painter was confined to portraiture,
in which he won much success. There is no account
of any public work by him. He died in 1630.


PASSINI, JoHANN, engraver and painter, was
born at Vienna in 1798 or 1799, and studied at the
Academy there under Seipp, and afterwards under
J. G. Mansfeld. He was a member of the Academy
of Vienna, and professor in the Ober Eealschule
at Gratz. His death occurred at Gratz, on January
14th, 1874. He painted landscapes in oil and
aquarelle, but was best known by his engravings,
many of which are in Pezzel's ' Sketches of
Vienna,' and Liohnowsky's ' Memorials of Old Ger-
man Architecture.' Besides these we may name
the following :

' La Notte ' ; after Correggio.

The Imperial Family ; after Fendi.



The Two Foscaris; after Mayez.
The Crucifixion ; after Tintoretto.
The Guardian Ajigel ; after Kadlik.
Croatian Peasants ; after Klein,
Keturning Home in the Storm ; after Gauermann.
Charles T.; after Titian.

The Repose or the Holy Family; after Guido Beni.
Eio Janeiro, two plates ; after Ender.

PASSOT, Gabriel Aristide, miniature painter,
was born at Nevers about 1798. He was taught
successively by Madame de MirbeI,Dubufe the elder,
and Frdderic Millet. He died in 1875. Among-
his works we may name the following :

Portrait of Eossini.

„ Lamartine.

„ Dupin.

„ Giulia Grisi.

J, Le Due de Bassano.

„ Prince Kapoleon.

„ Napoleon III. and the Empress Eugenie ;

after Winterhalter.

„ Napoleon I.

„ Queen Horteuse ; after Gerard.

Lady playing the Harp.
AVoman bathing.
After the Bath.

PASTI, Matteo, (Pasting, Pasto, De Pastis,
or De Pratis,) an Italian artist. He was a native
of Verona, and flourished from 1446. He was
a wood-engraver, a painter in miniature, a sculptor
in bronze and marble, a medallist, and a gem
engraver. Neither the year of his birth nor of his
death is correctly ascertained. He worked in the
above year upon the Breviary of the Marohese
leonardo da Ferrara, and executed a set of prints
for a folio volume, entitled ' De Re Militare,' by
R. Valturius, which was published at Verona in
1472. In that he signed his work : M D P V
(Opus Matthcei de Pastis Veronensis).

PASTILL, J. DE, was a French engraver, who
appears to have been chiefly employed in copying
the prints of other artists. Among other plates
we have the ' Murder of the Innocents,' from the
engraving by Louis Audran, after Le Brun.

PASTORINI, Benedetto, was an Italian en-
graver, who resided in London in the latter part
of the 18th century, and was one of the governors
of the Society of Engravers, founded in 1803. He
engraved some plates in imitation of the style of
Bartolozzi, and with his assistance. We have,
among others, the following by him :

L'AllegTO; Angel. Kauffman pivjs. B. Fastorini fee.
n Pensieroso ; the companion.
A View of Loudon ; from his own design.
Guntherus and Griselda ; J. F. Btgaud pinx. B. Fasto-
rini fee.
Griselda returning to her Family ; the companion.

PASTORINI, J., a miniature painter, born in
1773. He exhibited at the Royal Academy from
1812 to 1826, and died in London in 1839.

PASTOBINO, Giovanni Miohele, a glass painter
and medallist of Siena, who worked frequently
from designs furnished by Pierino del Vaga. In
1649 he painted the ' Last Supper ' on glass in the
cathedral of Siena. In this art he is said to have
been taught by Claude of Marseilles.

PASTURE, RoGiER DE la. See Van dee Weyden.

PATANAZZI, a painter whose " vigorous brush
and consummate powers of invention " are extolled
in the ' Galleria de' Pittori Urbinati.' He was
probably a pupil of Claudio Rido'lfi.

PATAROL, Laweence, engraved some book
illustrations, among which was a frontispiece for a
book on coins, published at Venice in 1702.
S 2


PATAS, Jean Baptiste, a French designer and
engraver, was born iu Paris in 1744 or 1748, and
died in 1817. He engraved some of the plates for
the ' Galleries ' of Florence and Orleans, the ' Mus^e
Fran9ai8,' the ' Cabinet Poullain,' and other works
of the same class ; also several small plates after
various French painters, and from his own designs ;
among which are the following :

The Judgment of Paris ; after Queverdo.

The dangerous Model ; after the same.

Henry IV. permitting Provisions to enter Paris whilst

he was besieging it ; after Careme.
An allegorical subject on the Accession of Louis XVI.

to the Throne of France ; from his own design.


PATCH, Cozens. At Petworth there is a picture
by this artist, in the style and of the same period
as Hogarth.

PATCH, Thomas, was an English engraver, who
flourished about 1770. In that year he engraved
a set of twenty-six plates, from the frescoes in the
Branoacci Chapel ; a series of caricatures and two
landscapes after Poussin were published in 1768-70.
He worked also after Giotto, Prb Bartolommeo,
and other old Italian masters. He practised land-
scape and figure painting to some slight extent,
and two pictures by him are at Hampton Court,
a 'View of the Arno, Florence, by Day,' and a
view of the same place by Night. Patch went to
Italy with Sir Joshua Reynolds, and probably died
there after 1772.

PATEL, the name of two French landscape
painters, father and son, who flourished in the 17th
century. But little is known of them. Beyond
the fact that some of the earlier pictures which are
assigned to the father are signed ' P. Patel,' and
that some later works assigned to the son bear
a monogram before the surname, composed appar-
ently of the letters A. P. T., their Christian names
are unknown.

The elder painter, who is generally known as
' Patel le pere,' appears to have been born in
Pioardy, shortly before the year 1620. It is sur-
mised that he, like many of the French artists of
his time, owed his training to Vouet, and that he
completed his art education by a visit to Italy.
The latter surmise is founded on the fact that
several of his works are evidently inspired by
scenes in the neighbom-hood of Rome. It is also
stated that he painted the landscape backgrounds
in some of Le Sueur's pictures. With greater
certainty he is included amongst the illustrious
band of painters who in 1649 were engaged on the
decorations of the mansion of the President Lam-
bert de Thorigny on the Island of Notre Dame in
Paris. His brush was also employed in decorating
the apartments of Anne of Austria in the Louvre.
He was received into the Guild of Master Painters
in 1635, and became a director in 1660. In the
following year he was one of the elders who signed
the agreement amalgamating the Guild with the
newly-founded Academy. His death occurred in
Paris on the 6th August, 1676. The elder Patel
ranks amongst the most able imitators of Claude
Lorrain, whose aerial effects he imitates with con-
siderable success. Like his model he delights in
the ruins of ancient architecture, which form a
prominent feature in his compositions. Not many
pictures have survived under his name. This is
due to two causes. First, that he probably executed
but few easel works, owing to his having been
much employed on decorations. Second, that many





of his pictures have doubtless been passed ofE
under the greater name of Claude.

Concerning the younger painter, ' Patel le fils,'
even less is known than concerning his father,
with whom he is often confounded. He appears
to have been born shortly before the middle of
the 17th century, as it is expressly stated that he
assisted his parent in the decoration of the apart-
ments of Anne of Austria. He is also said to have
painted twelve pictures representing the months,
for the church of St. Louis-la-Culture, in Paris,
four of which are now in the Louvre. His career
was prolonged to the beginning of the 18th century,
as there are two pictures at Marseilles bearing his
monogram, which are dated 1705. He was killed
in a duel : hence he is by some writers called
' Patel le tw,' which cognomen is sometimes wrongly
applied to his father. Two etchings by him are
known, described by Dumesnil as ' Architectural
Ruins ' and ' View of a Forest.' His art is not
equal to that of his father, whose style he followed

The following is a list of pictures by the two
Patels. It is frequently doubtful whether a work
should be ascribed to the father or to the son. In
the cases in which some degree of certainty exists,
* is placed against the pictures of the elder, and +
against those of the younger painter.

Aix. Musmm. The Finding of Moses, f

Avignon. „ Landscape.

Basle „ Landscapes (2).

Besanqon. „ Landscape.

Caen. „ Landscape.

Cherbourg. „ Two Landscapes.

Marseilles. „ Landscape: Morning (1705).+

„ „ Landscape : Sunset (1705). t

MontpeUier. „ Cephalus and Procris.

Kautes. „ Stag-hunt.

„ „ Landscape.

Orleans. „ Two Landscapes.

Paris. Louvre. Jochabed exposing Moses

(1660). *

„ „ Moses burying the Egyptian

(1660). *

„ „ Two Landscapes. *

„ „ January, Snow scene (1699). t

„ „ April (1699). t

„ „ August, ■ arvest (1699). t

,1 „ September, Harvest (1699). t

„ „ Landscape, Harvest (170...). t

Petersburg. Rermitage Christ and the Centurion. *

„ „ Two Landscapes. +

Eennes. Museum. Euins by the Sea.

„ „ Two Landscapes.

Valenciennes. „ Landscape with 'Water-mill.

„ „ Landscape with Castle.

Vienna. Archduke 1 -r ■,

Alirechfs Gallery, j Landscape.

A BenoIt Nicolas Patel, a painter of the 18th
century, was of the same family, but very little is
known about him.

PATENIER. See Patinir.

PATER, Jean Baptists Joseph, a French
painter oifHes galantes, was born at Valenciennes
on the 29th December, 1696. He early showed
artistic predilections, and his father, a sculptor,
having grounded him in the first principles of art,
sent him, while still young, to continue his studies
in Paris. There he became a pupil of his fellow-
countryman Watteau, but the difficult tempera-
ment of the master caused a separation. When,
however, Watteau felt his end approaching in 1721,
he sent for Pater to come to him at Nogent-sur-
Marne. For a short time the pupil painted daily
under the eye of the master, receiving his latest
inspiration. This instruction thoroughly imbued

260 5 J 1

him with the spirit of the chief of his school, and
he ever gratefully acknowledged his obligation.
In 1728, he was received into the Academy as a
member of the new class of 'peintres de sujets
modemes.' There are but few incidents to record
in the short career of Pater. He did not cultivate
friendships, and rarely went out of his studio. His
time was entirely devoted to art : the whole day
was occupied in painting, and the evening brought
no relaxation to his labours. This feverish industry
was caused by an ever-haunting fear of poverty,
which led him to stint himself to provide for his
latter days. His health at length gave way under
such a strain, and he died in Paris in 1736, before
he could enjoy the provision which he had laid up.
Pater was a good oolourist, but his drawing is
without the precision of Watteau, and his handUng
often soft and woolly. He followed Watteau not
only in choice of subject, but also in composition.
The following are some of his more accessible
works :

Women Bathing.

„ „ Bal Champetre.

Cassel. Gallery. The Guitar Player.

,> „ Young Lady with Veil.

Dresden. Gallery. F^te Galante.

Edinburgh. l^at. Gal. Women Bathing.
Fontainebleau. Palace. Chinese Hunting Scene.
Glasgow. Corporation 1 Picnic.

Gallery. J Carnival at Versailles.
London. Kensington } „• , «, ..

Kantes. Museum. Fete Galante.

,> „ Kepose au Jardin.

New York. Metr^^olitan^ | The Comical Maxch.

Paris. Louvre. Ffite Champdtre (1728).

Stockholm. iVai. Gal. Young Girls Bathing.

Valenciennes. Museum. Portrait of the Painter's Sister.

„ „ The Nest of Turtle-Doves.

Versailles. Grand ) The Bath.
Trianon, J Fishing.

„ „ &c. &c.

The gallery of Sir R. Wallace also includes some
excellent examples.

PATICINA. See Adlek, Philip.

PATIGNY, Jean, a French engraver, flourished
from 1650 to about 1670. He executed a few
plates, in which he appears to have imitated the
style of Agostino Carracci, but with little success.
A print of the ' Virgin and Infant Christ, with St.
John,' after Annibale Carracci, may be named.

PATIN, Jacques, was painter in ordinary to
Henry III. of France, and to his Queen, Louise de
Lorrain. He was employed by the Queen to
paint the scenes for a masque, or ballet, given by
her on the marriage of her sister Marguerite de
Vaudemont with the Duke de Joyeuse, in 1581,
on which occasion the king's valet-de-chambre,
Baltazarini Beanjoyeux, prepared the book. This
book is illustrated with twenty-seven etchings by

_ PATINIR, Joachim D., (or Patiniee,) was born
either at Dinant or at Bouvignes, on the opposite
bank of the Meuse, about 1490. He became a
member of the Antwerp Guild of Painters in 1516.
He contracted a first marriage with Fran^uise Buyst,
and a second, in 1521, with Jeanne Noyts. At this
second marriage Albrecht Durer was present; he
saw Patinir's work with admiration, and he drew
his portrait. Patinir must have died before the
5th October, 1524, because on that date his widow
and children sold the house he had bought on the
30th March, 1619. Patinir left a son, Eerbi
Patinie, who also devoted himself to painting, but




with slight success. Patinir has heen called the
inventor of landscape painting so far as the North
is concerned, but that is an exaggeration. It
would be truer to say that he was the first Fleming
to make his landscapes distinctly more important
than the figures with which they are peopled.
His style may be placed between those of Gerard
David and of Jerom Bosch. His pictures are not
numerous, but most of the important galleries have
good examples to show. Among these we may
name :

Antwerp. Museum. The Flight into Egypt (^signed

Opts. Joachim. D. Patinie,
in a cartouch) .
{This same gallery possesses two
pictures on wJiich JPatinir is
said to have collaborated with
Bernard van Orley.)
Berlin. Musemn. A ' Eiposo.'

„ „ Conversion of St. Hubert

(formerly ascribed to Herri de
Brussels. B. Museum. A ' Mater Dolorosa ' {the land-
scape by Patinir; the figures
perhaps by another hand).
Darmstadt. Museum. Virgin and Child in a landscape
(formerly ascribed to Mostaert
and to Herri de Bles).
Glasgow. Corp. Gall. Virgin and Child in a landscape,

with rich architecture.
Haarlem. Museum. History of Tobias.

Lille. „ St. John the Baptist preaching.

London. Nat. Gall. The Crucifixion.

„ „ St. Christopher carrying Christ.

ji „ St. John on the Island of

» „ The Visit of the Virgin to St.

I) „ The Flight into Egypt.

,, . ,, A Nun (?).

Madrid. Mus'um. A ' Biposo ' {three versions).

,) „ Landscape with St. Jerome.

n „ The Temptation of St. Anthony

(a masterpiece).
,1 „ Paradise and Hell.

>, „ St. Francis of Assisi and another

monk of the order in the
Desert (? van Eyck).
Munich. Gallery. Christ on the Cross {leith u

forged inscription).
Vienna. Belvedere. The Baptism of Christ.

)) ), Landscape with the Martyrdom

of St. Catherine
» u The Flight into Egypt [tim

n „ St. Jerome.

» I, The Battle of Pavia. {As the

battle was fought the year after
Patinir died, according to the
dates we have given, the picture
must either be wrongly Tiamed
or cannot be his work.)
„ Liechtenstein Col. Christ on the Cross.
II n St. Jerome in a landscape, with

his Lion (with the forged sig-
nature KviNTEN Masts 1513).

PATON, (or Patton,) David, a Scottish portrait
and miniature painter, who worked with some
success about the middle of the 17th century. A
portrait of General Thomas Dalzell, still in the
possession of the Dalzell family, is ascribed to him.

PATON, Richard, an English painter of marines
and combats by sea, was born in London in 1717.
He was found in the streets as a poor boy by
Admiral Knowles, and by him sent to sea. He
exhibited largely at the Royal Academy from 1776
to 1780. He held an appointment in \he excise
for a great part of his life. He died in London in
1791, His works were very popular, as he painted
most of the great sea-fights that occurred during

his time. Many of them have been engraved by
AVoollet, Pittler, Lerpeniere, and Canot. Among
his paintings we may name :

Engagement of the Monmouth and Foudroyant by

Moonlight {etched by himself). 1758.
Attack upon Gibraltar. 1782.
The Lord Mayor's Show by "Water {Guildhall ; figures

by Wheatley).
Four pictures of Dockyards, at Hampton Court.

We have also a few etchings by him. Among
others, the following :

The Victory gained by the English over the French

21st September, 1757.
The Engagement of the Monmouth and Foudroyant

(as above).
The Engagement between the Buckingham and the

Florissant, supported by two Frigates, 3rd Nov. 1758.

PATOUR, Jean Aughstin, a French engraver,
was born in Paris about the year 1730, and
flourished till 1784. He was a pupil of Halle and
Plipart, and has engraved several plates in a neat
style, among which are the following :

The little Lyar; after Albrecht Siirer.

Le doux Sommeil ; after HalU,

Le doux Kepos ; after the same.

Hercules and Omphale ; after the same.

Two Views of La Roohelle ; after Lallemand.

PATTE, PiEREB, a French architect and en-
graver, was bom in Paris in 1723. He is stated by
Basan to have engraved several plates of architec-
tural ornaments. He also engraved some of the
plates for Blondel's 'Architecture Frangaise ; ' ' Per-
spective Views,' after Piranesi ; and the ' Temple
of Venus,' after Claude. He died in 1812, at

PATTEN, George, an English portrait and
historical painter, bom in 1801. His first instruc-
tion in art was received from his father, a minia-
ture painter. In 1816, he entered the schools of
the Academy, where he first exhibited in 1819.
Up to 1830, he practised miniature painting, after
which he devoted himself to oil portraiture. He
made a tour in Italy in 1837, to study its art
treasures, and in the same year was elected an Asso-
ciate of the Academy. The Prince Consort, whose
portrait he painted in Germany in 1840, appointed
him his portrait painter, and he obtained a large
practice in presentation portraits. His art, how-
ever, did not fulfil its early promise, and he never
reached the front rank. In the latter part of his
life he lived at Ross, Herefordshire. He died in
London in 1865.

French landscape painter, bom at Mortagne in the
second half of the 18th century. He studied under
Le Prince and Vernet, and exhibited (chiefly views
in Normandy) at the Salon from 1791 to 1838.

PAU DE SAINT MARTIN, Pierre Alexandre,
a French landscape painter and son of the above,
was born in Paris towards the close of the 18th
century. He studied under his father, and ex-
hibited at the Salon from 1810 to 1834. His
' Entrance of the Elys^e ' was awarded a gold medal
in 1824.

PAUDITZ, Christoph, (Paddiss, Pudiss, Pau-
DiES, &c.,) was born in Lower Saxony about
the year 1582. After receiving some instruction
in designj.from an obscure German painter, he
visited Amsterdam, where he entered the school of
Rembrandt. On his return to Germany he was
taken under the protection of Albert Sigismund,
Duke of Bavaria, in whose employment he re-





mained several years. He was also favoured with
the patronage of the Duke of Ratisbon, and dis-
tinguished himself as a painter of history and
portraits. Sandrart reports that his death was
hastened by his failure in a contest he had ac-
cepted witli a contemporary artist, who had chal-
lenged him to paint a picture in competition.
Although the production of Pauditz was greatly
superior to that of his rival, the decision was
against him, and he did not long survive it. This
occurred at Freising in 1666. Among his best
works may be mentioned :
Augsburg. Oallery. Diogenes aud the Drunken Old

Dresden. Gallery. Lady Conversing with a Gen-

tleman engaged in writing.
Freising. Cathedral. Christ clearing the Temple.

Munich. Pinakothek. "Wolf Tearing a Lamb.
Nuremberg. Landau \ ^ ^^ Portrait.

Brotherhood, y
Vienna. Belvedere. St. Jerome.

„ Gsell Coll. Still-life subject.

PAUELSElSr, Betk, painter and engraver, was
born at Bygom, near Viborg, in 1749, and studied
in the Copenhagen Academy, where in 1777 he
won the large gold medal with a 'Judgment of
Solomon.' In 1780-83 he visited France and Italy,
and after his return was received into the Academy
with an ' Allegory of the Union of the three North-
ern Kingdoms ' (1784). After this he travelled in
Norway, and painted views, some of which were
preserved at Frederiksborg Castle. His death
occurred at Copenhagen in 1790, by his throwing
himself from a window in a fit of melancholy. He
painted a few good portraits, some of which he
engraved, together with a few vignettes ; he also
etched ' Canute's Reproof to his Courtiers.' The
following historical pictures were executed by him
in grisaille :

Murder of Canute the Holy in St. Alban's Church
(St. Knud's Church, Odense).

The Priest Madsen bringing news of the Enemy to
Kantzau {engraved by J. G. Preisler).

Anne Colbjornsen in the Parsonage Court of Norder-
houg [engraved by M. Haa?).

Eolf Krage [engraved by the same).

The Royal Gallery of Copenhagen possesses two
genre pictures by Pauelsen.

PAUL, Andmaan, (or Db Paulis,) a Dutch or
Flemish engraver, flourished about the year 1640.
He engraved several plates, among which are the
following :

Peter denying Christ ; after Gerard Segers.

Titian and his Mistress ; after the etching by Van Dyck.

The Tooth-drawer ; after Theodor Moelants.

PAUL, J. S., an English mezzotint engraver,
flourished about the year 1760, and has left a few
portraits, among them that of Mrs. Barry, the
actress, after Kettle ; and Lady Georgiana Spenser
and her daughter, after Reynolds. He also en-
graved a ' Conversation ' piece after Jan Steen.
His plates show much ability.

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 68 of 201)