Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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PAUL, Robert, was probably a native of Scot-
land. He resided at Glasgow in the latter part of
the last century, and studied in the Academy
there. He engraved some views of that city, and
one representing the Cathedral is dated 1762.

PAULINI, Berto di Giovanni, (or Paolini,) an
obscure painter of Citta della Pieve, who flourished
early in the 16th century.

PAULINI, GiACOMO, (or Paolini,) was an Italian
engraver, a native of Naples, who flourished about
1600, and apparently resided at Venice. We have
a few prints by him, among which are the following :


St. Peter ; probably from his own design.

A View of the Ponte di Eialto, Venice.

An Alphabet.

PAULINI, PiETEO. See Paolini.

PAULUTY, Zachawe, portrait painter, was born
at Amsterdam in 1600, and died in 1667.

PAULUS, Jacobus. This name is found on part
of an altar-piece in the Santa Croce chapel of San
Giacomo, Bologna. It is of no great merit.

PAULUZZI, Stbeano, a Venetian painter who
enjoyed some repute about the middle of the l7th
century. Lanzi says his pictures had greatly
deteriorated in his time owing to the badness of
his grounds.

PAULY, Nicolas, a miniature painter, was bom
at Antwerp in 1660, and died at Brussels in 1748.
Very little is known of his life.

PAULYN, HoEATins, is introduced by M. Des-
camps among the artists born about the year 1643.
He was a native of Amsterdam, but it is not said
under whom he studied. According to Balkema
he died in 1686. Some of his pictures are in the
manner of Rembrandt. He excelled in painting
convereations and ' gallant ' subjects, but too often
outraged decorum. He affected piety and ex-
hibited all the outward signs of devotion, while
he painted subjects which caused libertines to
blush. At one time he set out for the Holy Land
with a number of companions, but they broke up
en route. In the Uffizi, Florence, there is a picture
by him, ' The Miser.'

PAULYN, IzAAK, called by Lord Orford, Paling,
was born at Amsterdam about the year 1630, and
was a pupil of Abraham van den Temple. He was
an eminent portrait painter, and in that capacity
he visited England in the reign of Charles II.,-
and there resided many years. In 1682 he returned
to Holland, and established himself at the Hague,
where he met with great encouragement, and where
he died. He also painted conversation pieces in
the style of his master.

PAUPELIER, Pierre, a French miniature
painter, was born at Troyes in 1621. He became
a member of the Academy in Paris in 1664, and
died in 1665 (?).

PAUQUET, Jean Louis Charles, engraver, was
born in Paris in 1759. He was instructed by
Gauchet, and engraved after Van Dyck, Le Sueur,
Teniers, Barbier, Moreau, and others. He died
about 1820.

PAUSIAS, one of the ancient Greek painters,
was a native of Sicyon, and was first instructed in
the art by his father, Brietes, but afterwards became
a disciple of Pamphilus. He was the first artist of
antiquity who painted ceilings. He also painted
small pictures, and was particularly successful in
the representation of children. Some of his rival
artists pretended that he made use of those subjects
as best suited to the slow and laboured style of his
execution. To contradict the calumny, and to
prove that he was capable of more spirited exer-
tions, he finished in one day a large picture repre-
senting the infant Hercules, which picture obtained
from this circumstance the title of ij/xep^<nos, "the
day's work." In his youth he became enamoured
of Glycera, the beautiful garland-maker ; and one
of his most admired works was a portrait of his
mistress holding a garland. A copy of this picture
was purchased at Athens, by Lucius LucuUus, for
two talents. Pausias also excelled in painting

PAUSON, another Greek painter, lived at about
the same time as Polygnotus and Micon. He is




mentioned by Aristotle. " Polygnotus," says that
philosopher, " drew men more perfect than they
were, Pauson worse than they weie, and Dionysius
such as they were." Whence we may infer that
Polygnotus improved upon ordinary nature, that
Pauson degraded her by a selection of her more
vulgar forms, and that Dionysius contented him-
self with representing her as she usually appears.

PAUTRE, See Lepautee.

PAVESE, El. See Sacchi, Fbancesco.

PA VIA, GiACOMO, was born at Bologna the
18th February 1655, and is said to have been a
scholar of Antonio Crespi. He painted histori-
cal subjects, and was employed in several works
for the churches in his native city ; the most
esteemed being his picture of 'St. Anne teach-
ing the Virgin to read,' in San Silvestro ; and the
' Nativity ' in San Giuseppe. Lanzi states that he
visited Spain. He died in 1750.

PA VIA, Giovanni da. Lanzi ascribes several
pictures in the churches at Pavia to an artist of
this name. He was a pupil of Lorenzo Costa.

PAVIA, Lorenzo da. There is a picture in the
church at Savona signed Laurentius Papiensis.
Its apparent date is about 1560.

PA VON, Ignatius, was a scholar of Raphael
Morgheu. He imitated the manner and copied
several of the fine engravings of his master. The
dates of his birth and death are not known. The
following are his principal works :

Mater Amabilis ; after Sassoferrato.

The Virgin and Infant Christ, with St. John, in a land-
scape; after Raphael; but copied from the engraving
by R. Morghen.

La Madonna del Trono ; after Raphael.

La Madonna di Foligno ; after the same.

La Vierge a I'Oiseau; after the same; copied after R.

The Transfiguration; after the same; copied after R.

The Communion of St. Jerome ; after Domenichino.

St. John Writing ; after the same.

The Magdalene ; after Schidone.

Leda ; after Correggio : and several others after Car-
racci, JF. Foussin, ^c.

PAVONA, Fbancesco, a painter, was born at
Udine in 1682. He was instructed by A. Carnio
and G. dal Sole, and painted portraits and historical
subjects. He travelled through Italy, Germany,
Spain, and Portugal, painting for the different
courts, but settling eventually at Bologna. He died
at Venice in 1773 or 1777.

PAXINO. See Nova, Pecino de.

PAXTON, John, a Scotch portrait and historical
painter, bom in the first half of the 18th century.
He was taught at Foulis's Academy, Glasgow, and
coming to London, became in 1766 a member of the
Incorporated Society of Artists, where he exhibited
as well as at the Royal Academy. He spent some
time at Rome, and finally went to India, dying at
Bombay in 1780.

PAY, Jan van, (or Pet,) a painter of history and
portraits, was bom at Reidlingen in 1589. He was
painter to the Elector of Bavaria, and portraits by
him are to be found in Munich and the neighbour-
hood. He died in 1660 (?).

PAYE, Miss, an English miniature painter, who
was probably the daughter of R. M. Paye. She
exhibited at the Academy from 1798 to 1807, and
appears to have had a fair practice. Among other
people, Mrs. Siddons sat to her.

PAYE, RicHAED MoETON, an English subject
painter, born at Botley, Kent, about the middle of
the 18th century. He was brought up as a chaser,

but his art tastes induced him to become a painter,
and he produced some works which rapidly brought
him into repute. For some time he was on terms
of intimacy with ' Peter Pindar,' but the connection
did not last long, and ended in a quarrel. Paye
was an unfortunate genius. Two pictures of his
are said to have been sold respectively as works of
Velasquez and of Wright of Derby. But his work
did not find a market, and he suffered much from
ill-health. Poverty overtook him, and he sunk into
obscurity. He is believed to have died in 1821.
Many of Paye's pictures were engraved by J.
Young, who was a friend of his ; Valentine Green
engraved his ' Child of Sorrow,' and three others,
while he himself engraved ' Puss in Durance/. and
' No Dance, No Supper.'

PAYEN, Antoine A. J., a Flemish landscape
painter, born at Tournai towards the close of the
18th century. He resided for a long time in the
East Indies. He obtained the prize for landscape
in 1815 at Brussels. Amongst his pictures are :

Brussels. Museum, Landscape: moonlight.

Haarlem. Museum. Views in Java.

PAYNE, John, an English engraver, was born
about the year 1607. He was a disciple of Simon
van de Pass, and is considered the first artist of
this country who distinguished himself with the
burin. Had his application been equal to his
genius, he would have ranked among the first of
his profession ; but he was indolent and dissipated,
and though recommended to King Charles I.,
he neglected his fortune and his fame, and died
in indigence before he was forty, in 1647. He
engraved portraits, frontispieces, and other plates
for books, as well as a variety of other subjects,
such as landscapes, flowers, fruit, birds, beasts,
&c., but his portraits are the most esteemed of his
prints. They are executed entirely with the graver,
in a free, open style, and produce a very pleas-
ing effect. One is dated as early as 1620. In
Evelyn's 'Scultura,' he is commended for his
engraving of a ship, which Vertue informs us was
the 'Royal Sovereign,' built in 1637, by Phineas
Pett. It was engraved on two plates, and when
joined, was three feet long, by two feet two inches
high. The following are his most esteemed por-
traits :

Henry VII., prefixed to his Life by Lord Bacon.

Henry YIII.

Robert DeTereux,Earl of Essex, with a hat and feather.

Sir Benjamin Kudyard ; after Mytens.

Doctor Alabaster ; after Cornelis Jansen.

Hugh Broughton.

Alderman Leate ; after C. Jansen.

Koger Bolton. 1632.

Arthur Lake, Bishop of Chichester.

Sir Edward Coke. 1629.

Algernon Percy, Earl of Northumberland.

George Wither, the Poet, with a hat on, for his ' Em-
blems,' published in 1635.

William Shakespeare.

Ferdinand of Austria ; after Van Dyck.

Count Ernest de Mausfeld.

Elizabeth, Countess of Huntingdon.

PAYNE, William, an English water-colour land-
scape painter, born about 1760. He was in eariy
life employed in Plymouth Dockyard, but having
a love of art, he devoted himself to it. His manner
of painting had originality, and he produced some
good effects of colour. In 1790 he removed to
London, and obtained a good practice as a drawing-
master. From 1809 to 1813 he was an Associate
of the Water-Colour Society, after which there is





no trace of him. There are several speoimens of
his art in the South Kensington Museum.

PAZ, Don Jose, historical painter, was born at
Madrid late in the 17th century. He was of no
importance as an artist, hut held an office under
the Spanish Court.

PAZZI, Maria Magdalbna db, was born at
Florence in 1566. She became a Carmelite nun,
and painted sacred pictures. S. Maria in Cosmedin,
at Rome, possesses one of her works. She died
in 1607.

PAZZI, PiETRO Antonio, an Italian engraver,
was born at Florence about the year 1706, and
died in 1770. He was a pupil of G. Piamontini
and C. Mogalli, and engraved several portraits of
artists for the ' Museo Fiorentino,' Gori's ' Museo ,
Etrusco,' and the 'Museo Capitolino,' as well as
various plates after pictures in the Florentine
galleries. Among others we may name the follow-
ing :


Francesco Albani, Bolognese Painter ; se ipse pinx.
Federigo Baroccio, Painter ; ditto.
Giacomo Bassano, Painter ; ditto,
Giovanni Bizelli, Painter ; ditto.
Andrea Boscoli, Painter ; ditto.


The Holy Family ; after L. Camhiaso.

The Assumption of the Virgin ; after Raphael.

The Virgin and Christ ; after Van Dyck.

St. Zanobi resuscitating a dead Person ; after Betti.

St. Philip refusing the Popedom,; after the same.

A Sibyl ; after Crespi.

PEACHAM, Henry. In Walpole's ' Anecdotes,'
this man is said to have engraved a portrait of
Sir Thomas Cromwell, afterwards Earl of Essex,
after Holbein. He was the author of a book called
'The Complete Gentleman,' published in 1633.
He was born at South Mimms in Hertfordshire,
and took the degree of M.A. at Trinity College,
Cambridge. He was tutor for a time to the oliildren
of Lord Arundel, whom he accompanied to the
Low Countries. In the course of his life he also
visited Italy. He was an amateur rather than a
professed artist, and was skilled in music as well
as painting and engraving. In his book entitled
' The Complete Gentleman,' and another entitled
'The Gentleman's Exercise,' he lays down rules
for drawing and painting in oil ; for making of
colours, blazoning coats of arms, &o. He died about

PEACKE, Edward, was an English engraver,
who flourished in the middle of the 17th century.
In conjunction with Robert Peackb, who was
probably his brother, he executed some plates of
friezes, and other architectural ornaments, pub-
lished in 1640.

PEACKE, William, was an engraver and painter
of the time of James I. Strutt mentions him as the
engraver of two portraits of the Earl of Holland
and the Earl of Warwick.

PEAK, James, an English engraver. We have
several plates of landscapes by him, some of which
were engraved for Boydell ; he also etched a few
plates from his own designs. Among others the
following are by him :

A View of 'Waltham Abbey.

Two Landscapes ; after Pillemmt.

Two Views of Warwick Hall in Cumberland, and Ferry

Bridge, in Yorkshire ; after Belters.
A Landscape, with figures ; after Claude.

Morning, a Landscape ; after the same.

A Landscape, with Ruins ; «/<«- G. Smith.

A Landscape, wijh a 'Waterfall ; the companion ; after

the same.
Four Views ; after B. Wilson.
Banditti in a rocky Landscape ; after Bcfrgognone.
The Beggars, the companion ; after the same.

PBAKE, Sir Robert, an English painter and
engraver, born about 1690. He was in favour with
the Royal Family, and painted and engraved por-
traits of James I. and Charles I. He fought on
the side of the cavaliers, was present at the siege
of Basing House, and was knighted by Charles at
Oxford in 1646. Amongst his pupils were Fait-
home and Dobson. He died in London in 1667,
and was buried in St. Sepulchre's.

PEALE, Charles Wilson, an American portrait
painter, was born at Chesterton in Pennsylvania,
in 1741. He was apprenticed to a saddler, and
after being successively saddler, harness-maker,
watchmaker, carver, naturalist, and taxidermist,
at the age of twenty-six he took lessons in painting
from Copley, in Boston. In 1770-1 he studied in
London under West, and in 1772 painted the first
picture of Washington, as a Colonel. He painted
the portraits of many distinguished revolutionary
officers. He opened a picture-gallery in Phila-
delphia, and was instrumental in establishing an
Academy of the Pine Arts in Pennsylvania. He
died at Philadelphia in 1827. His eldest son
Raphael, also a painter, died at Philadelphia in

PEALE, Rembrandt, painter, son of Charles
Wilson Peale, was born in Bucks county, Penn-
sylvania, in 1778. He showed talent as a draughts-
man in early life, and in 1796 he established
himself as a portrait painter at Charleston, South
Carolina. Prom 1801 to 1804 he studied in London
under West, and then went to Paris, where he
painted the portraits of several eminent men. In
1809 he returned to Philadelphia. He there
painted two subject pictures, ' The Roman Daugh-
ter,' and ' The Court of Death,' and many portraits,
among which we may specify those of President
Jefferson, Mrs. Madison, Commodore Bainbridge,
Perry, Decatur, General Armstrong,and the sculptor
Houdon, Peale died in 1860.

PEARCE, William, portrait painter, was bom
in London about the middle of the 18th century.
He painted rustic subjects, and Charles Turner
engraved his ' Milkmaid.' He exhibited at the
Academy in 1798-9. ■''

PEARSON, Mrs. Charles, a portrait painter.
Her maiden name was Dutton. She was bom in
1799. Early in life she married a solicitor named
Pearson, who was afterwards a member of Parlia-
ment. She exhibited portraits at the Royal Academy
from 1821 to 1842, two of them being portraits of
Lord Mayors. Mrs. Pearson died in 1871.

PEARSON, Eqlington Margaret, daughter of
Samuel Paterson, distinguished herself by her skill
in painting on glass. She was the wife of James
Pearson. She painted two sets of the Cartoons,
after Raphael, one of which was purchased by the
Marquis of Lansdowne, and the other by Sir Gregory
Page Turner. There is also another set, but whether
by the husband or wife, or by both, is not certain.
She died in 1823. Her works were various, but
mostly copied from pictures by other masters.

PEARSON, James, a glass painter, was born in
Dublin about the middle of the 18th century. He
learnt his art in Bristol. There are windows by
him at Brasenose College, in Salisbury Cathedral,




and in Aldersgate Church, London. Pearson also
painted some designs after James Barry, R.A.
He married the above-named Eglington Margaret,
the daughter of Samuel Patereon, a well-known
book-auctioneer. He died in 1805.

PEART, (or Paert,) Heney, an English portrait
painter, born in the first half of the 17th century.
He studied under Francis Barlow and Old Stone,
and was much employed on copies of pictures in
the royal collections. He died about 1697.

PEAT, T., an English portrait painter, in the
latter half of the 18th century. He was a follower
of Reynolds, and exhibited at the Academy from
1791 to 1805. Much of his work was in enamel.

PECHAM, Georg, (or Peham), painter and en-
graver, was an artist of the Munich school. By
some he is supposed to have been a pupil of
Melchior Pocksberger. We have by him some
etchings, among which are :

Hercules and Antaeus.
Neptune and the Tritons.
Virgin and Child.
View of Gratz.

He died about 1604.

PECCHIO, DoMENico, was born at Verona in
1712, or 1715. He was a pupil of Balestra, and
one of the most famous landscape painters of his
day. He died in 1759.

P^CHEUX, Benoit, son and pupil of Laurent
P^cheux, was born at Rome in 1769. In 1793 he
won the great prize at the Academy of Parma, and
became three years later professor at Turin. The
date of his death is unknown. He painted the
' Assumption ' and the ' Annunciation ' for the
churches of Rouen and Yvetot respectively. He
was the author of ' Iconographie Mythologique.'

PfiCHEUX, Ladebnt, painter and designer, was
born at Lyons about 1740, and came when young to
Paris, whence he proceeded to Rome, and became
a pupil and friend of Rafael Mengs. He was dis-
tinguished by his frescoes in the Villa Borghese,
and was later on made chief painter to the King of
Sardinia, a member of the Academy, and a Knight
of the Order of St. Maurice and Lazarus. He died
at Turin in 1821.

PECHWELL, August Josef, a painter, was
born at Dresden in 1757. He was instructed by
Elutin, and afterwards went to Rome, where he
remained till 1781. He painted altar-pieces and
portraits. He was Inspector of the Royal Gallery
at Dresden. He died in 1811.

PECHWELL, Carl von, a German engraver,
flourished at Vienna in the latter half of the 18th
century. He engraved the portrait of the Emperor
Joseph II., after P. Batoni, and those of several
other German princes ; also the following subjects :

la vieille Amoureuse ; after J. Toormliet.

The Judgment of Paris ; after A. van der Werff, with

a, dedication to the Graces of Europe.
Venus uncovered by a Satyr.
The Eeading Magdalene ; after JP. Batoni^s picture at

The Angry Mother and her Daughter ; after F. delta


PECINO. See Nova, Pbcino de.

PECORI, DoMENico, was a pupil of Bartolommeo
della Gatta, and a partner of Niocol6 Soggi of
Arezzo. He lived in the 15th century, but no
certainty exists as to the dates of his birth or death.
An ' Adoration of the Virgin ' by him is still in the
Sacristy of the Pieve at Arezzo ; and other works
of his may be found in that city and its environs.

Vasari says he was more skilled in the use of
tempera than in that of oil.

PEDIUS, QuiNTUS, a Roman artist, grandson of
C. Pedius, flourished about twenty j-ears before
Christ. He was dumb, and died young.

PEDONE, Bartolo, an Italian painter, who
worked in the first half of the 18th century. He
painted landscapes, sea-pieces, storms, and night-
pieces. He died in 1735.

PEDRALI, GiACOMO, an Italian perspective and
architectural painter, who flourished at Brescia
from 1630 to about 1660. He was a companion of
Domenico Bruni, and was already dead in the
latter year,

PEDRET. See Padro y Pbdret.

PEDRETTI, Giuseppe Carlo, was born at
Bologna in 1694, and was a scholar of Marc An-
tonio Franceschini. He resided some time in Po-
land ; and on his return to Bologna painted a great
number of pictures and altar-pieces for the churches
and public edifices, of which the most esteemed are
the ' Martyrdom of St. Peter,' in San Petronio ;
' Christ bearing his Cross,' in San Giuseppe ; and
' St. Margarita,' in the Anunziata. He died in 1778.

PEDRIEL, Santos, a Spanish painter, who was
a pupil of Sanchez-Coello. He painted historical
subjects, and flourished about 1570. Siret gives
the date of his death as 1578.

PEDRIGNANI, Girolamo, a painter and en-
graver, who flourished at Forli about 1640 to 1650.
Among his plates are :

The Death of Abel.

Adam and Eve in Paradise.

Adam bewailing the Death of Abel.

PEDRINI, Giovanni, of Milan, who flourished
in the 16th century, was one of those followers of
Leonardo da Vinci who exaggerated their master's
style. His works are to be seen at Milan, Berlin,
and elsewhere. Pedrini is supposed to be identical
with the Pietro Riccio, mentioned by Lomazzo as a
pupil of Leonardo.

PEDRO, El Licenciado. See Gutierrez.

PEDRO, Francesco del, an engraver, was born
at Udine in 1736. He established himself at Venice,
and among his engravings we may name :

A Holy Family.

A sleeping Jesus.

Charity ; after Alhani.

Judgment of Paris ; after Giordano,

The Card-player ; after Teniers.

Landscapes ; after Xondonio and Maggiotto.

PEDRONI, Pietro, an Italian historical painter,
was a native of Pontremoli. He studied at Parma
and Rome, and eventually settled at Florence,
where he became Director of the Academy. He
died in 1803.

PEDUZZI, Domenico Antonio, a Dutch painter
of Italian extraction, was born at Amsterdam in
1817. He was a pupil of J. Pieneman, and painted
effects of light and interiors. He died at Vienna
in 1861.

PEE, Engelhardt van, a Flemish painter, who
was born at Brussels. He resided chiefly in Ger-
many, and had much success at the Court of
Munich. He died in 1605.

PEE, Henrietta van. See Wolters.

PEE, Jan van, a Dutch figure painter, born at
Amsterdam about 1640. He was a son of Em-
manuel Van Pee, a Dutch picture-seller, and was
chiefly employed in copying the works of the Dutch





PEE, Theodob van, a Dutch historical portrait
and interior painter, was born at Amsterdam in
1669. His painting not being sufficient to support
him he became a picture-dealer. In this capacity
he came to England in 1715, and 1719, and on the
last occasion he remained seven years, and amassed
a considerable fortune. He then returned to h'e
own country, and died at the Hague in 1747 or 1750.

PEER, Lange. See Aabtsen.

PEETERS, BoNAVENTUEA, a Flemish painter of
battles and sea-pieces, was born at Antwerp in 1614.
His favourite subject was a stormy sea with light-
ning flashing above, and a ship in danger. His
works are very unequal in merit. His strong point
was composition, and the arrangement of light and
shade. He died at Hoboken in 1652, and was
buried there. He usually signed his pictures F. B.
with the date. Works :
Amsterdam. E. Museum. View at Flushing.
Antwerp. Museum. View of Middelburg.

Brunswick. Gallery. View on a River-bank.

Darmstadt. Gallery. Dordrecht from the Maas.

„ „ A Storm at Sea.

Dresden. Gallery. View of Corfu (?) {Signed

Bonaventura Feelers ; fecit in
Hoboken 1652.)

„ „ View of Scheveningen (with

figures Tiy David Tenters the
Petersburg. Hermitage. A Seaport.
Vienna. Liechtenstein G. Three pictures of Storms at Sea.

„ Belvedere. A Sea-piece.

„ „ A Military Post.

PEETERS, Claea, a Flemish still-life painter,
who flourished in the 17th century. Several pictures
by her are in the Madrid Museum, and one bears
the date 1611.

PEETERS, Geeeit. See Pieteeszbn.

PEETERS, Q ILLES (or Egidius), who was born
in 1612, and died in 1653, was a brother of Bona-
ventura Peeters, and worked in the same atelier.
Nothing is known of his paintings, but he etched a

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 69 of 201)