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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Amsterdam in 1562, and was a disciple of Grerrit
Pieterszen. Afterwards he visited Italy, where
he was influenced by Elsheimer. He painted his-
torical subjects, generally composed of a great
number of figures, in which it appears that his

i'ourney to Italy had not contributed to render
lis design either graceful or correct. There is,
however, a broad difference between his works
.at different periods, and four distinct styles are
recognisable : first, the spirited style up to 1608
(as those below at Berlin) ; second, the clumsy and
mannered style, 1609-19 (as those at Brunswick
and Copenhagen) ; third, the style of Caravaggio,
1620 to about 1630 (as those at the Hague and
Rotterdam) ; fourth, a transparent style like Rem-
brandt's, after 1630 (as those at Haarlem and
Utrecht). He was for a time the instructor of
the last-mentioned painter, and also of Jan Lievens.
He is supposed to have died at Haarlem in 1649.
The following are examples of his works, which
are signed P. Lastm, P. as., or with a monogram.



The Repose in Egypt.


Baptism of the Eunuch.



Ulysses and Nausicaa. 1609.
{The same at Augsburg.')



David in the Temple. 1613.



The Murder of the Innocents.


Moltke Col.

Tobias. 1618.



Adoration of the Shepherds.



The Angel appearing to

Christ on the Cross. 1625.





The Flight into Egypt.


JS. Kramm.

The Raising of Lazarus. 1632.

Three etchings have been ascribed to him, but
they are doubtful ; two of them are :

Judah and Tamar, in a landscape.
A Female seated before an arch, her head covered with
a veil, with her hands before her.

LATHAM, James, an Irish portrait painter, was
born in Tipperary about the beginning of the 18th
century. He studied at Antwerp, and became a
master in the Guild of St. Luke in 1724-5. He
afterwards lived in London and Ireland, where he
had a good practice, and died at Dublin about 1760.
There is a portrait by him of Peg Woffipgton at
the Royal Dublin Society.

LATILLA, Eugenic, a subject painter, whose
father was Italian and mother English, exhibited
at the Society of British Artists, of which he was
a member from 1838 to 1861. He afterwards
emigrated to America, and passed several years
in and near New York, where his sister married
the American painter James E. Ereeman, who now
resides in Rome. Latilla died at Chataqua, West-
chester county, in the State of New York, about
the year 1860.

_ LA TOMBE, NicoLAAs, caned Stoppertje, from
his addiction to smoking, was born at Amsterdam
in 1616. After learning the rudiments of the art
in his native city, he travelled when quite young
to Italy, and resided some years at Rome, where
he was chiefly employed in painting small land-
scapes and architectural subjects, which he decor-
ated with figures in the Italian costume. He
sometimes painted views of the vestiges of
ancient buildings and monuments in the vicinity
of Rome, with landscapes in the backgrounds, in
which he appears to have imitated the style of
Cornelis Poelenborch. He also occasionally painted
small portraits, especially after his return from
Italy. He died at Amsterdam in 1676.

LA TOUR, Elisabeth M. db. See De La Touk.

LATOUR, Jan, an historical and portrait painter,
was born at Liege in 1719. He was a pupil of
Jan Baptist Coders, and afterwards went to Rome,
where he frequented the atelier of Giaquinto
Corrado. He then went to Naples, but afterwards
returned to Li6ge, where he executed several pic-
tures. He visited London and Paris, and died in
Picardy in 1782.

LATOUR, Joseph, a French landscape painter,
was born at Toulouse in 1817, and died in 1863.

LA TOUR, Maurice Quentin de la. See Db La


LA TRAVERSE, Charles Eranqois db. See
De La Traverse.

LATTANZIO da Rimini, an Italian artist, is
registered in 1495 as one of the decorators in the
Hall of Great Council at Venice. With Mansueti
he worked at the church of the Crocif eri, or Gesuati,
at Venice, in competition with Cima.

LATTANZIO di Cremona, an Italian historical
painter, flourished at Cremona in 1520. He studied
in the school of the Milanese at Venice.

LAUB, TcBiAs, a German portrait painter and
engraver in mezzotint, who flourished at Augsburg,
was a pupil of Isaak Fisches, the elder. His name
is affixed to a portrait of J. J. Soheuchzer, after
J. H. Heidegger. He died in 1761, at the age of 76.

LAUBREIS, Vbit Carl, was born at Wiirz-
burg in 1769. He was instructed by A. H. Kohler,
and afterwards went to the Academy at Mannheim,
where in 1790 he gained the prize medal. He
painted portraits and historical pieces, and exe-
cuted anatomical drawings for works of medicine
and surgery. He died about 1806.

LAUCH, Christoph, born in 1647, was gallery
inspector and painter to the Empress Eleanor.
In conjunction with J. Mannl he published thirty
volumes of the collections in the gallery. His
portraits of the Empress Eleanor and of the
Empress Maria have been engraved by Boner and
Kusel. The portrait of the Emperor Leopold 1.
is in possession of the magistracy of Vienna. He
died at Vienna in 1780.

LAUCHERT, Richard, a portrait painter, was
born at Sigmaringen in 1823. He studied at
Munich in 1839, went for improvement to Paris in
1845, and settled at Berlin in 1860. He was mostly
employed by the courts of Germany, England, and
Russia, and painted portraits with great taste and
ability, but many of his earlier productions are
inferior to those of his later period. He died at
Berlin in 1868.

LAUDATI, Giuseppe, was born at Perugia in
1672, and studied under P. Montanini in that town,
and under Carlo Maratti at Rome. He helped to
raise the art of painting at Perugia from its decline.





J. H. Frezza etched after his works. He died after

LAUDER, James Eckford, a Scottish subject
painter, was born at Silvermills, near Edinburgh,
in 1812. He was the younger brother of Robert
Scott Lauder, under whose guidance his early love
of art was rapidly developed. After studying at
the Trustees' Academy, he in 1834 joined his
brother in Italy, and remained there nearly four
years. On his return to Edinburgh he became an
annual contributor to the exhibition of the Royal
Scottish Academy, and he exhibited occasionally
at the Royal Academy in London, where his works
attracted much attention. In 1839 he was elected
an associate of the Royal Scottish Academy, and
in 1846 he became an academician. In 1847 he
sent to the competition in Westminster Hall the
' Parable of Forgiveness,' for which he was awarded
a premium of two hundred pounds. One of his
most successful works, ' The Wise and Foolish
Virgins,' was engraved by Lumb Stocks for the
Association for the Promotion of the Fine Arts in
Scotland. Lauder died at Edinburgh in 1869.
Among his principal pictures are :

{National Gallery of Scotland.)
The Unjust Steward.
The Wise and Foolish Virgins.
Scene from the ' Two Gentlemen of Verona.' 1841.
Cherries. 1842.
Hop-Scotch. 1843.
Night and Day. 1845.

LAUDER, Robert Scott, a Scottish subject
and portrait painter, was born at Silvermills, near
Edinburgh, in 1802, and at the age of fifteen he
was admitted to the Trustees' Academy. He
subsequently came to London, hut returned to
Edinburgh about 1826, and was elected one of the
original members of the Royal Scottish Academy
in 1830. He went abroad in 1833, and studied for
some years in Rome, Florence, Bologna, Venice,
and Munich. On his return in 1838, he lived
chiefly in London, and exhibited at the Royal
Academy. He competed in the Westminster Hall
competition of 1847, sending his ' Christ walking
on the Sea,' which was suhsequently purchased by
Lady Burdett-Coutts. His later years were passed
in his native country, but owing to a paralytic stroke
he did not practise after 1861. He died at Edin-
burgh in 1869. The following are amongst his
best works :

Scene from the ' Bride of Lammermoor.' (Bridgewuter

Gallery, London.) 1839.
The Trial of Effie Deans. 1840.
Meg Merrilies. 1842.
Hannah presenting Samuel to Eli. 1845,
Mother and Child. 1848.
Portrait of John Gibson Lockhart.
Portrait of Rev. John Thomson of 'I

PoS of Wimam Simson, E.S.A. ^ (^^Zllanlf''
Sentmels. •' '

Christ teaoheth Humility. J

LAUDIN FAMILY. The members of this
family of enamel painters of Limoges are very
difficult to distinguish, owing to the frequent re-
petition of the Christian names, and to the identity
of the initials in those cases in which the Christian
names differ. The following genealogical table
will serve to explain as nearly as possible the re-
lationship between those members of the family of
Laudiu of whom further details are given below.


VaUrie (?)

Nop! Laudin.

Jacques I.

Noel II.

Nicolas T,

Jacques II.
(1603— 1729)

Joseph (?)
(d. 1727.)

Nicolas II.

Nicolas III,
(d. 1737.)

LAUDIN, Jacques, the elder, was born about

1627, and died in 1695, at the age of 68. He was
the elder son of Noel Laudin, and had his atelier
in the faubourg Manigne at Limoges. He painted
a great number of enamels in ' grisaille,' re-
sembling those of the sixteenth century. Among
them is a series of medallions of the twelve
Caesars, which may be seen in the Louvre and in
several other collections.

LAUDIN, Jacques, the younger, was bom about
1663, and died in 1729, at the age of 66. He was
the son of Nicolas Laudin the elder, and carried on
his business at Limoges in the faubourg Manigne.
He painted enamels in grisaille, and also in colours
upon a white or black ground. Many of his works
are in the Louvre.

LAUDIN, Jean, is named by M, Ardant as an
enamel painter of Limoges, but his existence has
not been established. He is said to have been born
in 1616, and to have died iil 1688, The works
ascribed to him are probably by Jacques Laudin
the elder.

LAUDIN, Joseph, who died in 1727, was per-
haps a son of Noel Laudin the younger. Like him
he worked at Limoges in the faubourg Boucherie,
but no enamel bearing his signature is known,

LAUDIN, Nicolas, the elder, was born about

1628, and died in 1698, at the age of 70. He was
the younger son of Noel Laudin, and practised his
art ' pres les J^suites ' at Limoges, executing chiefly
enamels in colours.

LAUDIN, Nicolas, the younger, born in 1689,
was the son of Noel Laudin the younger. He died
in 1749, and with him expired the art of enamel

LAUDIN, Noel, the founder of the family of
enamel painters of this name, was the son of Pierre
Laudin, an armourer. He was born about 1586,
and died in 1681, at the age of 95. He resided in
the faubourg Manigne at Limoges, but does not
appear to have signed his works. This fact, com-
bined with the great age to which he lived, has
rendered it extremely difiBcult to assign to their
respective artists many of the enamels painted by
the Laudins, Two plaques in the Louvre, repre-
senting ladies in the costume of the reign of Louis
XIII,, are ascribed to him,

LAUDIN, Noel, the younger, was born about
1657, and died in 1727, at the age of 70, He was
the son of Jacques Laudin the elder, and had his
establishment in the faubourg Boucherie at
Limoges, His enamels are executed in colours
on a white ground.

LAUDIN, ValiSrie, who was bom in 1622, and
died in 1682, was probably the daughter of Noel
Laudin, She possibly worked with one of her
brothers, as no enamel bearing her signature is

LAUGIER, Jean Nicolas, a French engraver,
was born at Toulon in 1786. He studied under
Girodet and at the lilcole des Beaux-Arts, which




he entered in 1813, and died at Argenteuil in >875.
Amongst his best plates are :

Leonidas at Thermopylse ; after David.

Delille dictating his History to his Landlady ; after P.

Portrait of Ch^teanbriand ; after Girodet.

The Virgin with the Rabbit ; after Titian.

La Belle Jardiniere ; after Raphael.

The Plague at Jaflfa ; after Gros.

Napoleon I. ; after David.

The Holy Family ; after Leonardo da Vina.

Zephyr ; after Prud'hon.

Portrait of "Washington ; after Cogniet.

Portrait of Madame de Stael ; after Girard.

LAUNE, :^TiENNE DE. See Dblaune.

LAURATI, Pietro. See Lorenzetti.

LAUEE, Jean Franqois Hyaointhe Jules, a
French painter, was born at Grenoble in 1806. He
was a pupil of Hersent, and painted genre and
historical subjects. He died in Paris in 1861.

LADREANO, Juan, was an artist residing at
Seville, who executed a good engraving of ' St.
Ferdinand ' in 1677. He was afterwards appointed
chief goldsmith to the cathedral.

LAURENT, Andr6. See Lawrence.

LAURENT, Jean Antoine, a French historical
and portrait painter, was born at Baccarat
(Meurthe) in 1763. He studied under J. Durand,
and became curator of the Museum of the Vosges at
Epinal. He" published a work on linear drawing,
and died at Epinal in 1832. Among his pictures are:

The Youth of Duguesolin.

Clotilde de Surville.

Charibert and Theodegilda. {Aiich. Museum.)

LAURENT, Marie Pauline, a French painter
on porcelain, whose maiden name was Jullien,
was born in Paris in 1805. She studied under
Alaux, and from 1836 was employed at the Sfevres
manufactory. She died in Paris in 1860.

LAURENT, Pierre, a French engraver, was
born at Marseilles in 1739. He studied a short
time under Balechou, and afterwards from the
works of Berohem, De Loutherbourg, and Poussin.
He established himself in Paris, where he engraved
several plates with considerable success, particu-
larly landscapes. He published in 1803-11, in con-
junction with Eobillard-P^ronville, the beautiful
collection entitled ' Musee Frangais.' He died in
Paris in 1809. Among others, the following prints
are by him :

The Water-MiU ; after Btmcher.

The Washer-woman ; after the same.

Saying Grace ; after Greuze.

A Caravan ; after Van der Does.

The Passage of the Ferry-boat ; after Berchem.

The Shepherdess ; after the same.

The Fortune-Teller ; after the same.

Two Landscapes, with figures and animals ; after

An Italian Landscape, with figures and cattle ; after
H. Eoos.

Shepherds rejoicing ; after De Loutherlourg.

A View of Mondragou, in Dauphin^ ; after the same.

A Sear-port, with architecture ; after the same. •

The Death of the Chevalier d'Assas; after Casanova.

LAURENT, Pierre Louis Henri, the son of
Pierre Laurent, was born in Paris in 1779. He
engraved twenty-two plates, of subjects from the
life of St. Bruno, after Le Sueur ; the ' Death
of the Virgin,' after Caravaggio ;■ the ' Martyrdom
of St. Peter Martyr,' after Titian ; and several
landscapes after Potter, the whole of which form
part of- the ' Musde Franqais : ' also, the ' Rape of
the Sabines,' and the ' Finding of Moses,' after
Poussin ; the ' Communion of St. Jerome,' after

Domenichino; and many others after the great
masters. He published in 1816-22 the collection
of engravings of the ' Mus^e Royal,' which forms
a continuation of the ' Musde Frangais,' published
by his father. He died in Paris in 1844.

LAURENTINI, Giovanni, called Abragoni, a
native of Rimini about the year 1600, was one of
the best disciples of Federigo Barooci. He mostly
executed compositions of a large size. His best
works are at Rimini, and include ' The Martyrdom
of St. John ' at the Augustines, and ' St. John '
and ' St. Paul ' in the churches dedicated to these
two saints.

LAURENTIO, C, is mentioned by Strutt as the
engraver of some of the portraits in Priorata's
' History of the Emperor Leopold,' 1660.

LAURETI, Tommaso, called Tommaso Siciliano,
who flourished throughout the latter half of the
16th century, was a native of Palermo, and a
disciple of Sebastiano del Piombo. At an early
period of his life he established himself at Bologna,
where he painted several pictures for the churches.
The principal are the ' Martyrdom of SS. Vitale
and Agricola,' in the church dedicated to those
saints ; in San Giacomo Maggiore, the ' Resurrec-
tion of Christ,' and the ' Burial of St. Augustine,'
the latter a grand and copious composition ; in San
Mattia, the ' Coronation of the Virgin ; ' and in the
house of Signer F. Bolognetti, ' Venus embraced
by Cupid.' He was invited to Rome by Gregory
XIII., to finish the ceiling of the Sala di Constan-
tino, left imperfect at the death of Clement VII.
He was no less patronised by Sixtus V. and
Clement VIII. By the latter, he was engaged to
ornament one of the saloons in the Campidoglio,
where he painted in fresco scenes from Roman
history, one of his most considerable works. He
was the second president of the Academy of St.
Luke after its foundation, and flourished at Rome
in great esteem until his death at about eighty
years of age.

LAUREUS, Alexander, (or Laur-EUS,) a
Swedish genre and landscape painter, was born at
Abo in 1783. He visited Italy, after which he
abandoned painting Swedish scenes and took to
Italian subjects. He died at Rome in 1823.

LAURI, Baltassare, was born at Antwerp
about the year 1570. He went to Rome when he
was young, and became a scholar of his country-
man, Paulus Bril, under whom he proved a skilful
landscape painter. He died at Rome in 1642.

LAURI, FiLiPPO, the younger son of Baltassare
Lauri, was bom at Rome in 1623. He was first
instructed by his brother, Francesco Lauri, and on
the death of that promising artist, became a
scholar of Angelo Caroselli. The progress of
Filippo was extraordinary, and he soon surpassed
his instructor. He had a turn for poetry, was well
acquainted with history and mythology, and was a
master of perspective. He succeeded better in
easel pictures than in life-size figures, though he
painted some altar-pieces for the churches at Rome,
particularly his picture of 'Adam and Eve' in La
Pace. His best works are his bacchanals, and
subjects of fable. He imitated Albani in a very
pleasing manner, and was often employed to paint
the figures in the pictures of Claude Lorrain. He
died at Rome in 1694. His works have been
favourites with engravers, and have employed the
talents of Woollett, Byrne, Walker, Bragg, Major,
Caroline Watson, Wright, Mason, Ravenet, and
others. Among his paintings are :





Aix-la-OhapeUe. Sue^^^ } The Glorification of Hunting.

Augsburg. Gallery. Jason and the Dragon.

Hague. Gallay. Landscape with Figures.

Hampton Court. Palace. Holy Family.
London. Sridgeioater ) Virgin surrounded by An-

House. J gels.
,, „ Bacchus and Satyrs.

Paris. Louvre. St. Francis of Assisi in

„ ,, Sacrifice to Pan.

,, „ The Punishment of Marsya^.

Petersburg. Bermitage. St. Anne teaching the Virgin
to read.
„ „ The Magdalene meeting

Christ in the Garden.
Rome. Doria Palace. Venus and the Seasons.

Vienna. Academy. Diana and Endymion.

„ „ Venus and Adonis.

„ „ The Chaste Susannah.

„ „ The Eape of Europa.

„ „ Alpheus and Arethusa.

„ „ Thetis and Polyphemus.

„ Gallery. The Flight into Egypt.

LAURI, rEANCESco, the elder son of Baltassare
Lauri, was born at Rome in 1610. Having shown
an early disposition for historical painting, his
father placed him under the care of Andrea Sacchi.
On leaving that master, he travelled through Italy,
France, and Germany, and returned to Rome, where
the expectations of his friends were destroyed by
his premature death in 1635, at the age of 25.
The only work mentioned as by him is a ceiling in
the Palazzo Crescenzi at Rome, representing ' Three

LAURI, GiACOMO, an Italian engraver, a native
of Rome, iiourished about the year 1610. He
published, in 1612, a set of one hundred and sixty-
six prints, entitled, 'Antiquae Urbis Splendor,'
consisting of views, executed with the graver, of
the ancient buildings of Rome.

LAURI, PiETRO, (or Laueibr,) who flourished
about 1650, was a native of France, though he
resided the gi-eater part of his life at Bologna^
where he was brought up in the school of Guido.
He painted several pictures for the churches at
Bologna ; some of which have the appearance of
having been retouched by Guido. At the Cap-
puccini is a fine picture of the ' Virgin presenting
the Infant Jesus to St. Felix' ; and in La Madonna
della Liberta, ' St. Anthony of Padua.'

LAURIE, RoBEET, (or Laweie, or Lowet,)
an engraver in mezzotint, who was also a
printseller, was born in London about the year
1740. In 1771, and again five years later, he
received premiums from the Society of Arts, the
second for an invention in aid of the printing
of colours in mezzotint. He died about 1804.
There are by this artist some portraits, and various
subjects, which possess considerable merit ; among
others, the following :

George III. ; after Zoffany. 1772.
Queen Charlotte ; after the same. 1772.
The Prince of Wales and Duke of York. 1772.
Elizabeth, Duchess of Hamilton ; after G. Bead.
Etienne Fran9ois, Duke de Choiseul ; after Van Loo.
David Garrick ; after Sir Joshua Reynolds. 1779.
The same, led off the Stage by Time towards the Temple

of Fame ; after T. Parkinson. 1779.
The same, with Mrs. Bellamy, as Eomeo and Juliet ;

after B. Wilson.

The Nativity ; after Rubens.

The Holy Family returning from Egypt ; after the same.
The Crucifixion ; after the same.


The same subject ; afier Van Dyck.

The Incredulity of St. Thomas ; after Rembrandt.

The Adoration of the Magi , after A. Casali.

Sun-rise, a landscape ; after G. Barret.

A hard Gale ; after Joseph Vernet.

A Squall ; after the same.

The Quack Doctor ; after Dietrich.

LAURIN, Heinrich Fribdeich, a German en-
graver, was born at Dresden in 1756. He was a
pupil of Adrian Zingg, and has engraved some
landscapes in a neat and spirited style. Some of
his first essays were after Salvator Rosa, Kobell,
&c. He died in 1830. The following also are by
him :

Two Landscapes ; after Kleughel.

A pair, the Fishermen, and the Waterfall of Liebethal ;

after Zingg.
Two large Views of Fano ; after Theil.
A Landscape and Cattle; after A. van de Velde.

LAURO, GiAcoMO, called Giacomo di Teeviso,
was bom at Venice in 1550. He was a pupil of
Paolo Veronese. In the church of the Dominicans
is a fine picture by him of ' St. Roch interceding for
the persons afflicted with the Plague.' He resided
in Treviso, where he died in 1605.

LAUTENSACK, Hans Sebald, a German painter
and etcher, was a son of Paul Lautensack, a
painter of Bamberg, where he was born in 1524.
Whilst he was yet a child his parents settled in
Nuremberg, and there he lived during the greater
portion of his life. In 1556 he was working in
Vienna, where he died between 1560 and 166.8.
There are by this artist several landscapes, etched
in a dark, unpleasant style ; and also some por-
traits, etched and finished with the graver, which
possess considerable merit. His engravings, which
follow the style of Altdorfer, are generally marked
with a monogram composed of the letters H. S. L.

on a tablet, with the date, thus : |3Ki| The

' ' |/S5/.|

following are his principal works :


Paul Lautensack, painter of Nuremberg. 1552.

Hans Sebald Lautensack. 1554.

Hieronymns Schurstab, half-length; on one side his

arms, and on the other a \Tllage with a church.

Georg Boggenbach. 1554.
The half-length of a Nobleman, with a beard ; on one

side his arms, and on the other a fortified castle.



A Landscape, -with David and Goliath. 1551.

Christ curing the Blind at Jericho. 1559.

A Mountainous Landscape, with the History of Balaam

and his Ass. 1559.
Villagers occupied in the Vintage. 1559.
A Landscape, with a Farm-Yard. 1551.
Two Landscapes ; dated 1553 and 1555.
The Tournament at the Marriage of the Emperor

Ferdinand ; very scarce. 1560.
A representation of Public Games; very scarce. 1560.
A large View of Nuremberg, from the west ; in three

sheets. 1552.
A similar View of Nuremberg, from the east ; in three

sheets. 1655.


Portrait of Johannes Aventinns.
A Standard-Bearer.

LAUTENSACK, Heinrich, a painter and gold-
smith, was born at Bamberg in 1522. He was
a son of Paul Lautensack, with whom he went
to Nuremberg whilst young. In 1550 he went to




Frankfort, Where he established the first collection

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 7 of 201)