Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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Disegni del Guercino.
Schola Italica Picturse, cura et impensis Gavini Hamil-
ton. 1773.
Stampe Diverse.
Peintures de la Villa Lante; Sala Borgia; Jules II.;

Farnesina ; Villa Altoviti.
Antiquitfo de la Grande Gr&ce, grav&s par Fr. Piranesi

d'apr^s les Dessins du feu J. B. Piranesi. (Paris,

1804.) 1807.

PIRANESI, Lauba, the daughter of Giambattista
Piranesi, was born at Rome in 1760. She carried
on business with her brother at Rome, and her
etchings bear a strong resemblance to those of her
father. She probably retired to Paris with her
brother. There is no account of her death. She
engraved some views of the remarkable buildings
in Rome ; among others, the following :

The Capitol.

The Ponte Salario.

The Temple of Peace.

The Arch of Septimus Severus.

PIRINGER, Benedikt, a designer and engraver,
was born at Vienna in 1780, and died in Paris,
where he had resided for some time, in 1826. He
studied at the Vienna Academy under F. A. Brand
and Herzinger, and was afterwards admitted to
membership. He worked in aquatint and with
the graver, and his productions are chiefly land-
scapes, romantic scenery, and views of cities after
old and modern masters, some of which were pub-
lished collectively. His pieces are rather numerous,
and include among the best :

The four Parts of the Day; four plates, after Claude

The Waterfall ; after MoUtoT.
The Rocky Pyramid ; after the same.
Landscapes ; after Poussin aad LocatelU.

PIRINI, Louis db, a French engraver, by whom
we have a plate representing two Men playing at
Cards, and a Woman holding a Mirror behind one
of them, to discover his hand to the other ; after
Cornelis van Tienen.

PIRNBAUM, Alexis, was, according to Papillon,
who calls him Pibneaum, an engraver on wood, and
resided at Basle about the year 1545. Papillon
supposes him to have been a disciple of Hans
Holbein, but does not specify any of his works.
Nagler is of opinion that he is identical with Adam
Petri, a bookseller of Basle.

PIROLI, Tommaso, an Italian designer and en-
graver, was born at Rome in 1750, and received his
instruction in Florence. In 1806 he returned to
Rome, in which city, after passing some years in
Paris, he finally settled, and died in 1824. His
prints are numerous, etched in outline and in the
chalk manner. The following are considered as
.the most interesting: 'The Deposition from tlie
Cross,' after Caravaggio ; Bronzes, &c., from Her-
oulaneura ; a set of Bas-reliefs after Canova ;
the Prophets and Sibyls of Michelangelo in the
Cappella Sistina ; a copy of Metz's prints of the
' Last Judgment,' in the same chapel ; the story of
Cupid and Psyche, from the frescoes of Raphael
in the Farnesina; Massacio's frescoes in the Bran-
cacci chapel at Florence ; and the outlines for
original editions of Flaxman's illustrations to
Homer, Hesiod, JSschylus, and Dante, engraved
under Flaxman's own supervision, and published
at Rome. There are also several sets of engravings,
from remains of ancient art, by Piroli, part of which
were published at Rome and part at Paris by Fran-
cesco and Pietro Piranesi, the sons of the celebrated

PIROTTE, Olivibb, a Flemish historical painter,
born at Li^ge in 1699. He was a pupil of B. Luti
at Rome, and afterwards of Coypel at Paris. He
painted several pictures for the churches in Liege.
He died in 1742.

PISANO, GiUNTA, (or Giunta da Pisa,) lived in
the first half of the 13th century, and was bom.




if the old chronicles are to be believed, in 1202.
Among the existing works attributed to him, are a
' Crucifixion ' in San Ranieri at Pisa ; a picture of
Saints in the chapel of the Campo Santo ; a ' De-
struction of Simon Magus,' and a 'Martyrdom of
St. Peter,' both in San Francesco at Assisi, where
there was formerly a picture of the Crucifixion,
with Father Elias, the first General of the Fran-
ciscans, embracing the Cross. This was inscribed
with Giunta's name and the date, 1236, but is now
lost. Giunta died in or about 1258. Though still
constrained in design, he made some advance be-
yondthe conventionality of the Byzantine painters
who immediately preceded him.

PISANO, ViTTOKE, usually called Pisanello, a
painter, and the greatest of Italian medallists, was
born in North Italy late in the 14th century, but
neither the place nor the date of his birth are
known. Neither do we know who was his master,
but he was probably much influenced by Altichiero
and by Arangi, and later in life he may have re-
ceived hints from Doraenico Veneziano. Of all the
works with the brush that he carried out in Verona,
Venice, and elsewhere, scarcely anything now
remains. He painted a fresco in the hall of the
Great Council, at Venice, but his picture was over-
laid by one from the brush of Luigi Vivarini. In
connection with his medals (of which twenty-eight
have been preserved), he probably painted portraits,
and one of Leonello d'Este, in the collection of
the late Mr. Barker, was ascribed to him, but
without certain grounds. About 1436 Vittore was
in Home, where he painted on the frescoes left
unfinished by Gentile da Fabriano in San Giovanni
Laterano. Thence he most likely accompanied
Pope Eugenius IV. to Ferrara, where, in 1438, John
Palaeologus sat to him for his medal. In 1439 he
was working at medals for the court of Mantua.
He was at Ferrara between 1441 and 1444, at
Eimini in 1445, at Milan before 1447, at Mantua
again in 1447, and at Naples in 1448-9. Of his
works in colour the most important relic that can
now be identified is a little panel in the National
Gallery, with a vision of the Virgin and Child
hovering over the figures of St Anthony and St.
George. This picture was carefully restored by
Professor Molteni after it came into the possession
of Sir Charles Eastlake ; it was presented to the
National Gallery by Lady Eastlake. It is inscribed
Pisanus Pi. The Berlin catalogue ascribes an
'Adoration of the Magi,' formerly in the Barker
collection, to Pisano, on the strength of its resem-
blance to his drawings, good examples of which
are to be seen in the British Museum, and in the
Louvre. Vittore died, probably at Rome, in March
1456. For the sake of convenience we subjoin a
list of his medals : V.A.

1. Nicolas Piccinino.

2 — 10. Nine medals of liConello d'Este, each with a

different obverse. 1444.
11, 12. Sigismund Malatesta. 1435.

13. Pietro Candido Decembrio.

14. Vittorlno da Feltre.

15. Filippo Maria Visconti. Died 1447.

16. John Palseologus. 1438.
17—21. Alfonso of Aragon. 1448.

22. Francesco Sforza, Lord of Cremona.

23. Glan-Francesco Cronzaga, and

24. Cecilia, bis daugbter.

25. Lodovica Gonzaga III.

26. Novello Malatesta, Lord of Cesena.

27. 28. Inigo d'Avalos.

Fietro Poreelloi (Tre Carmi. u. s. 20) alludei to a medal
of himself hy Pisanello.

PISBOLICA, Jacopo, a Venetian painter, men-
tioned by Vasari in his Life of Sansovino as the
author of a good picture of ' Christ with Angels,'
in Santa Maria Maggiore, Venice.

PISTOIA, Gerino da, is described by Vasari as
the friend of Pinturicchio, a diligent colourist, and
a follower of Perugino. For his birth or death no
dates can be given. In 1505 he painted some de-
signs in the cathedral of his native city ; and in
the church of San Pietro Maggiore an altar-piece
of his still remains. In the refectory of the
convent of Santa Lucchese, near Poggibonsi, now
turned into a canteen, there are two scenes from
the life of Christ by him.

PISTOJA, Leonaedo da. See Geazia.

PISTOJA, Paolo da (or Pistojesb). See Del


PISTORIUS, Eduaed Kael GnsTAv Lbbbecht,
a genre painter, was born at Berlin in 1796. He
was originally a pupil of the portrait painter
Willich, and copied many pictures in the Gallery
of Sans-Souci. In 1818-19 he lived in Dresden,
where he chiefly busied himself with genre-paint-
ing. In 1827 he visited the Netherlands, and
stayed in Diiaseldorf on his way back. He returned
in 1830 to Berlin, and was elected member of the
Academy in 1833. He died at Kissingen in 1862.
The National Gallery at Berlin possesses the
following pictures by him :

An Old Man and an Old Woman ; a pair (marked in

cipher, B. P.). 1824.
The Geograpby Class.
The Toilet. 1827.
The Village Fiddler. 1831.
The Artist's Studio. 1828.
A Sound Sleep. 1839.

PITAU, NicoLAAS, the elder, an engraver, was
born at Antwerp about 1633, and first studied under
his father Johann Pitau, but in 1660 went to Paris
and became a pupil of Francois de Poilly, or at
least partially adopted his style. Pitau died in
Paris in or about 1676. He engraved a variety
of historical subjects after different masters, and a
considerable number of portraits. The following
are considered to be his best plates :


Louis Henri, Due de Bourbon, supported by Wisdom

and Beligion.
Pope Alexander VII. ; after Mignard.
Louis XIV., King of France ; after Le Feme. 1670.
Louis, Dauphin, his son ; after the same.
Peter Seguier, Chancellor of France. 1668.
idexandre Paul Pitau, Advocate in Parliament.
Gaspar de Fieubert, Chancellor. 1662.
Nicolas Colbert ; after Le Fevre.


The Holy Family, with St. Elisabeth and St. John ; after

The Entombment of Christ ; after L. Carracci.
The Virgin holding the Infant Jesus in her arms and

reading ; after Guercino.
The Dead Christ, with Angels weeping over him ; after

the same.
The Virgin interceding for St. Brmio and his order ;

afier Champaifine.
Christ and the Woman of Samaria ; after the same.
The Penitent Magdalen ; after the same.
St. Sulpice in Council ; after the same.
The Holy Family, with the Infant Jesus embracing St.

John ; after the same.
The Holy Family, with an Angel presenting a Basket of
. Flowers ; after Villequin.
St. Francis de Sales.





PITAU, NiooLAAS, the younger, son of the last
named, worked from 1695 to 1745, and has left a
few engraved portraits, including :

Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Count de Toulouse ; in-
scribed Gobert pinx. 1701. JV, Pitau Junior.
Oliver Cromwell.

PITI, a Spanish historical painter, bom at Sala-
manca. He was a pupil of Giordano, on whose
return to Italy Piti received a commission to work
in the cathedral of Valladolid. He also painted for
the chapel of the Marquis of Cerralvo at Salamanca.

PITLOO, Anton S., a Dutch landscape painter,
born at Arnheim in 1791. He was a pupil of H.
J. van Ameron. In 1816 he went to Italy, where
he painted several views, among which were a
view of Rome, and one of the Capitol from theOampo
Vaocino. He died in 1837.

PITOCCHI, Matteo da, a native of the Venetian
state, who painted bambocciati, and also some re-
ligious pictures for the churches of Padua. He
died about 1700.

PITONUS. See Pittoni.

PITRI. See Petbi.

PITTERI, GIOVANNI Maeco, designer and en-
graver, was born at Venice in 1703, and died there
in 1786. He was a pupil of J. Baroni and Antonio
Faldoni, but adopted an original style, with single
strokes which run from the top to the bottom, his
shadows being produced by strengthening these
as the occasion requires. The effect he produced
by this whimsical operation is neither unpleasing
nor unharmonious, and his prints possess consider-
able merit. Some of his works are marked M. P.
fecit. He engraved several plates for the collec-
tion of the Dresden Gallery, and others after various
masters ; among them the following :


A bust of himself ; after Piazeetta.

Giovanni Battista Fiazzetta, painter, of Venice ; after

the same.
Carlo Goldoni, the poet ; after the same.
Giuseppe Nogari, painter ; after the same.
Giovanni Mocenigo, noble Venetian ; after the same.
Count Sohulenburg, Field Marshal of Venice ; after

Cardinal Quirini.
Marquis Scipione Maffei.
Clara Isabella Foruari.

The Holy Family ; after Pietro Longhi.
The Seven Sacraments ; after the same.
The Crucifixion ; after Fiazzetta.
The Twelve Apostles ; after the same.
Beligion overthrowing Heresy ; after the same.
St. Peter delivered from Prison ; after Riliera.
The Martyrdom of St. Bartholomew ; after the same.
St. Catharine of Siena ; after Tiepolo.
Mary Magdalene, penitent ; after the same.
A set of six Plates of Hunts in the environs of Venice ;

after Pietro Longhi.
Twelfth-Night ; after Tenters.
Two Bustic Subjects ; after the same.

PITTONI, Battista, called Vicentino, an en-
graver, was born at Vicenza probably in 1620, and
was living in 1585. His engravings consist of
landscapes with ancient ruins, mythological sub-
jects, and arabesques. Some of them bear date from
1561 to 1585. A work formerly in the possession
of a late collector (Mr. Lloyd) was entitled ' Imagini
favolosi, &c., intagliatiin Rami da M. (Messer) Bat-
tista Pittoni.' Venice, 1585. In conjunction with
Battista Angolo del Moro he engraved a set of fifty
landscapes from Titian and others. These plates


are very boldly and freely executed. Vicentino
usually marked his prints Battista P. V. F., and
appended a Latin inscription descriptive of the

PITTONI, Giovanni Battista, a painter, was
born at Vicenza in 1690, and received his first
instructions in the art from his uncle Francesco
Pittoni ; but his greatest improvement was de-
rived from study of the works of the best masters
of the Venetian school. His figures are generally
smaller than life ; and he was less successful when
he attempted to work on a larger scale. Two
of his finest pictures are the 'Martyrdom of St.
Thomas,' in the church of Sant' Eustacio, at Venice
and the ' Miracle of the Loaves,' in San Cosmo della
Giudecca. He died at Venice in 1767. The exist-
ence of two etchings by him is recorded — a ' Giov.
Nep. Canonico de Praga,' and a ' St. John '

PITTORI DA MACERATA, Lorenzo, an Italian
painter, flourished about 1533 at Macerata, where
he painted a ' Christ,' in the Church of the Virgin,
in the antico-modemo manner.
PITTORINI, Padre. See Bisi, Fra B.
PIXELL, (Miss) Maria, an English landscape
painter in oil and water-colours, born in the latter
part of the 18th century. She studied under Sawrey
Gilpin, and obtained a considerable, but transient
reputation. Her works appeared at the Academy
between 1796 and 1811.

PIZZARO, Antonio, a Spanish historical painter,
was a scholar of El Greco, and resided at Toledo
at the commencement of the ITth century. He
painted the ' Foundation of the order of Los Trini-
tarios' for their • convent ; several pictures in the •
churches of SS. Justo and Pastor ; and the ' Nativity
of the Virgin' in the church of Santa Maria, at
Casarrubios. He also designed the three subjects
engraved by Alardo Popma for the ' Life of St.
Ildefonso ' by Salazar de Mendoza, published in
1618. Neither the date of his birth, nor of his
death, is recorded.

PIZZOLI, GiovACCHiNO, a decorative and land-
scape painter, born at Bologna in 1651. He was
instructed by Borboni, Pasinelli, and Michelangelo
Colonna, whom he afterwards assisted. He died
in 1733.

PIZZOLO, Niccol6, was one of the most import-
ant of Squarcione's pupils, and aided him in the
decoration of the Eremitani Chapel, at Padua.
According to Vasari, the ' Eternal,' in the semi-dome
of the chapel, the ' Virgin in Glory, with Cherubim,'
and the figures of SS. Paul, Christopher, Peter,
and James, are all by him. In these works there is
much to remind us of Mantegna, who is said to
have been much influenced by Pizzolo. He also
assisted Fra Pilippo in the chapel of the Podesta,
Florence, and Donatello in the church of S. An-
tonio, Padua, in 1446 to 1448. He is said to have
perished early in life in a street brawl.
PLAAS. See Van der Plaas.
PLACE, Francis, was the younger son of Rowland
Place, of Dinsdale, in the county of Durham, but
was himself born in Yorkshire. His father, intending
him for the profession of the law, placed him as a
clerk to a solicitor in London, under whom he
continued until the year 1665, when he was obliged
to quit the metropolis on account of the plague,
and he took this opportunity of abandoning a pur-
suit which was never agreeable to his inclination,
and of indulging his propensity for drawing. He
painted, designed, etched, and engraved in mezzo-
tint, and also drew with the pen, shading the fore-




grounds with Indian ink ; but as he practised art
for amusement only, his works are very scarce.
They prove him to have been a man of genius, and
it is to be regretted that his application was not
equal to his abilities. He is said to have refused a
pension of five hundred pounds a year, which was
offered him in the reign of Charles II., to draw the
royal navy, as he could not endure confinement or
dependence. He was intimate with Hollar, and
with Ralph Thoresby, the antiquary. He died at
York in 1728, and his widow disposed of his paint-
ings, among which were one of fowls, and others
of flowers and fish. Most of his engravings appear
to have been private plates, and this may account
for their scarcity. They were executed not later
than about 1683, and among them the following
are the chief :


Charles I. ; after Va'if Syck,

Catharine, Countess of Middleton ; after Ldy.

Major-General John Lambert.

Kichard Sterne, Archbishop of York.

Nathaniel, Baron Crew, Bishop of Durham ; afte^-

Eev. "William Cray, of Newcastle. 1683.
Eichard Tompson, printseUer ; after Zoust.
Philip ■Woolrioh, Esq., in armour ; after 6reenhill.
John Moyser, Esq., of Beverley ; after Kneller.
Henry Cryles, glass-painter.

Sir Ralph Cole, Bart., amateur painter ; after Lely.
William Lodge, engraver.
Pearoe Tempest, printseller ; after Seemskerk.
James Naylor, the Quaker.


Seven etchings, being part of a set of twelve of Birds ;

after JBarlow; the other five were by Jan Griff,er ;

very fine.
Lady confessing to a Monk.
A Dutch Family.

A Monk Reading ; after Van Dyck.
A View of Tynemouth Castle and Lighthouse.
View of York Minster.
A Prospect of Leeds.

PLACE, George, an Irish miniature painter, bom
in Dublin in the latter half of the 18th century.
He studied in the Schools of the Irish Academy,
and practised in London, exhibiting at the Royal
Academy from 1791 to 1797. He afterwards prac-
tised in Yorkshire. The date of his death has eluded

PLANER, Chkistian Julius Gustav, a German
engraver, was born at Leipsic in 1818. He at-
tended the Academy of his birthplace, and at first
designed himself for a lithographer, but in 1840
he visited Italy, and afterwards studied engraving
at Dresden under Steinla. There, in 1873, not
being able to find a publisher for his drawing of
Leonardo's ' Last Supper,' he put an end to his
life by shooting himself. His principal plates

The Saviour ; after Cima da Conegliano.

Christ blessing the Bread ; after Carlo Dolci.

The Virgin Mary ; after iSteinirUck.

The Repentant Magdalene ; after Correggio.

The Sons of Rubens ; after Rubens.

St. Mary of Egypt ; after Mihera.

The Dead Christ mourned over by his Disciples ; after

Rembrandt and his wife ; after Eemirandt.

The Reading Hermit ; after De Koninck.

Portrait of Count Hoym ; after Rigaud.

Julius Schnorr von Karolsfeld, painter.

Moritz Steinla, engraver.

Napoleon III., Emperor of the French.

Love riding on a Panther ; after a has-rehef by Rietschel.

PLANES, Luis, • the elder,' was born in Valencia
about 1732. He was Director of the Royal Academy
of S. Carlos, and died about 1810.

PLANES, Luis Antonio, a painter, was born in
Valencia in 1765. He was instructed by his father
Luis Planes, and then went to Madrid, where he
studied under Francisco Bayeu, and gained the
gold medal of San Fernando. He died young, in
1799. One of his best pictures is an ' Immaculate
Conception,' in the Church of Albalat.

PLANO, Francisco, a Spanish painter, was born
at Daroca, and resided at Saragossa towards the
end of the 17th century. He had a great reput-
ation as a painter and architect, especially for decor-
ative works. Palomino places him beside Colona
and Mitelli ; and the works he has left in the sanc-
tuary of Nuestra Senora del Portillo, at Saragossa,
and other churches, would seem to justify the

PLAS, PiBTEE, a Dutch painter, was at work at
Alkmaar in 1810. He was a pupil of J. van Ravenz-
waay, and G. Bodeman, and painted landscapes
and animals. He died at Alkmaar in 1863.

PLAS. See Van deb Plas.

PLASSARD, Vincent, was a French engraver of
the 17th century, of whom there are no particulars.
His only known print represents the ' Holy Family,'
in a mountainous landscape, and is signed F. Plas-
sard in. et fe. 1650. It is in the style of the

PLATEAU, Antoinb, a flower and decorative
painter, was born at Toumai in 1759, and died in
1815. Several pictures by this artist are in the
' Temple of the Sun ' at Laeken, and in the house
of M. Walkiers.

PLATNER, Eenst Zachaeias, painter and writer
on art, was born at Leipsic in 1778, and was a son
of the philosopher, Ernst Plainer. He studied at
the Academy of his birthplace under Oeser, and
sought further improvement at Dresden from 1790,
at Vienna from 1797, and from 1800 at Rome. In
1823 he became Saxon consul at Rome, where he
died in 1855. He worked in conjunction with
Bunsen, Gerhard, and Rostel on their ' Description
of the City of Rome.' Among his best plates
are :


The Dismissal of Hagar.

Hagar and Ishmael.

PLATTE-MONTAGNE, Matheus db, (Plat-
TENBERG, Or VAN Platten-Bbkch,) was bom at
Antwerp about 1608. Having acquired the first
rudiments of art in his native city, he went to
Italy, and resided some time at Florence, where, in
conjunction with his countryman, Jan Asselyn,
called Crabetje, he painted several sea-pieces and
landscapes, which were greatly admired. He
afterwards visited Paris, where his works were not
less esteemed, and he met with sufficient encourage-
ment to induce him to settle there for some time.
Prom a singular caprice, he Frenchified his name
of Platten-Berchinto that of Platte-Montagne, which
he sometimes signed to his pictures and prints,
and sometimes Montague only. He died in Paris
in 1660. His landscapes are highly finished, and
exhibit very pleasing scenery. A ' Storm at Sea,'
by him, is in the Augsburg Gallery. We have a
few etchings, executed in a very spirited style.
They represent landscapes and marines, and re-
semble the works of Fouquiires, under whom he
learnt engraving. They are usually inscribed M.
Montagne in. et f. He was the brother-in-law of





Jean Morin, and the larger number have the ad-
dition, Morin ex. cumprivil. He.

PLATTB-MONTAGNB, Nicolas de, (Platten-
BEEQ, or VAN Platten-Beech,) was born in Paris in
1631, and studied painting under Philip de Cham-
paigne. He was instructed in engraving by Jean
Morin, whom he surpassed. His principal works
as a painter are in the churches of Notre Dame,
St. Sacrament, St. Sulpice, and St. Nicolas des
Champs, in Paris. He was also a reputable portrait
painter. In 1681 he became professor of history
to the Academy, and died in Paris in 1706. From
1651 to 1694 he executed twenty-eight plates with
the point and graver, in addition to ten portraits.
Among other prints we have the following by him :

The Portrait of Olivier de Castellan, general, killed at

the siege of Tarragona in 1644.
St. G^n^vi^ve ; after JP. de Champaigne.
Christ in the Tomb ; after the same.
The Penitent Magdalene ; after the same.
The Sudarium of St. Veronica ; after the same.

PLATTEL, Henri Daniel, a French historical
and landscape painter, was bom at Geneva in 1803.
He was a pupil of N. Berlin and of R6mond, and
died in 1859.

PLATTNER, Andreas, painter, a native of
Nuremberg, was a pupil of his father Alexander.
In 1695 he went to Munich in the train of Duke
Ferdinand, where he remained till 1601. He died
about 1617.

PLATZEB, Johann Geoeg, (or Plazer,) was
born, according to Fussli, at Epan, in the Tyrol, in
1702, and studied under his step-father Kessler,
and with his uncle on the father's side, who was a
painter at Passau. In 1721 he went to Vienna,
and there became intimate with an artist of the
name of Jannek. Tliey adopted the same style of
painting, but it did not weaken their friendship,
and the public were benefited by their rivalry.
Platzer returned to his native country, where he was
living in 1755. The cities of Breslau and Glogau

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