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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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possess many good specimens of his finer work.

PLATZBE, Johann Victor, is called by Nagler
a sculptor, though it does not appear that he
exercised that art. The same writer says that he
was born in Vintschgau, probably at Mais, in 1704,
and was a scholar of Kessler at Inspruok, until the
court-painter, Christoph Platzer, took him under
his care at Passau. He afterwards established
himself at Vienna, and painted small pictures,
mostly with many figures, which were received
with much applause both at home and abroad.
His application was such that he weakened his
sight, and diminished the firmness of his hand, so
that in painting he was obliged to use a machine
to steady it. In the year 1755 Platzer returned to
the place of his nativity, and died in 1767. His
garish pictures have nothing to recommend them
but manual dexterity. Among the best are :

The Four Elements.
Men and Women Drinking and
making Music.

PLATZER, Joseph, a painter of architecture,
theatrical decorations, moonlights, and small his-
torical subjects, was the son of the celebrated
sculptor, Ignaz Platzer, and was born at Prague
in 1752. After the completion of his scholastic
studies he devoted six years to drawing, chiefly
architecture, under the direction of F. Wolf. In
oil painting he was his own master, and while still
young, was favoured by the patronage of Prince
Kaunitz. Thus encouraged, he went to the Vienna



Academy, and was afterwards selected by the
emperor Joseph II. to embelhsh the royal theatre.
During these operations he encountered many
obstacles, and was obliged to maintain his reput-
ation by painting moonlights, historical composi-
tions, and small theatrical designs. On the ac-
cession of Leopold II. he was promoted at court,
became a member of the Vienna Academy in 1796
and died in 1810. One of his pictures, 'The
Murder of Semiramis,' is in the Academy building.
He also painted in aquarelle.

PLAYTER, Charles Gauthier, was an English
engraver, who flourished in the latter part of the
18th century, and worked for Boydell on the Shake-
speare Gallery. He died at Lewisham in 1809.
Amongst his plates are :

Scene from the ' Comedy of Errors ; ' after Rigaud.
Lady Godiva j after JV. Hamilton.

PLEGINCK, Martin, was a German engraver
on wood and on copper, who flourished about the
year 1590. He engraved a set of copper-plates
representing figures fighting, entitled 'Fechter-
Bu^ohlein,' in a style resembling that of Virgiliua
Soils. His woodcuts are in the manner of Jost
Amman. Bartsch and Passavant describe fifty-
three prints by this master, which are of small size,
and represent ecclesiastical orders and. dignities,
cavalry and foot soldiers (after J. De Gheyn),
animals, and goldsmiths' work : the date 1594 is on
some of them. Zani says he was working in 1606.

PLEISTBINETUS, a brother of Pheidias, is
stated to have been a painter, but nothing more
than this is known of him.

PLEYDENWURFF, Wilhelm, one of the early
engravers on wood, was a native of Germany, and
flourished about the year 1493. Conjointly with
Michel Wolgemut, he is said to have executed the
cuts for the Nuremberg ' Chronicle,' compiled by
Hermann Schedel, and printed in 1493. They
represent views of towns, &c., and figures of vari-
ous kinds.

PLEYSIBR, A., a Dutch marine painter, bom at
Naardingen in 1809. He died in 1879. In the
Bruges Academy there is a ' Coast Scene ' by him.

PLIMER, Andrew, an English miniature painter,
born at Bridgewater in 176B. He practised at
Exeter, and exhibited at the Academy from 1786 to
1819. His works possess many excellent quahties.
He occasionally painted subject pictures in oil.
He died at Brighton in 1837. There are two mini-
atures of the statesman Windham by him in the
South Kensington Museum.

PLIMER, Nathaniel, an English miniature
painter, bom at Wellington in 1751. He was the
elder brother of Andrew Plimer, but did not pos-
sess his artistic power. His works occasionally
appeared at the Academy from 1787. He died in

PLIN, B., was a native of France, who flourished
about the year 1780. He engraved some plates
representing conversations and domestic subjects,
which are etched, and finished with the graver.

PLOBGSMA, Dirk Jacobs, a painter, was born
at Leeuwarden in 1769. He was a pupil of Accama
and chiefly painted portraits, though there were
some historical scenes and genre pictures executed
by him, among which we may name ' The Disciples
plucking Corn on the Sabbath Day.' He died in

PLOETZ, Heinrich, a miniature painter, was
born at Holstein in 1748. He was instructed by




Marsinhe of Ghent, after which he entered the house
of the famous naturalist Bonnet, and made draw-
ings of insects, till 1795, when he went to Italy.
There he visited Leghorn, Corsica, and Genoa, and
afterwards went to Germany, painting portraits
in Hamburg and Berlin. He finally settled in
Copenhagen, where he died about 1810.

PLONICK. See Duplonich.

PLOOS VAN AMSTEL, Jacob CoENELis,who was
born at Amsterdam in 1726, and died there in 1798,
was a collector of drawings and an amateur en-
graver. He devoted himself to the art with a zeal
rarely found in persons who do not adopt it as a
profession, and to him we are indebted for a very
interesting set of plates, after drawings by cele-
brated Dutch and other masters. The following is
a list of the more important :

Frontispiece, a Monument bearing a Latin inscription ;

on it stands a Genius holding an Bsoutclieon, in

the middle a Fleur-de-Iys ; Inventor Cornelius Ploos

van Amstel, D. 1 Febr. 1765.

Two small Landscapes; H. Zaftleven, del.; v. Amstel,

fecit. 1766.
A Landscape, with a Shepherd, Shepherdess, and Oattle
on the Banks of a Canal ; Ad. van de Velde, del. ; F.
van Amstel, fecit.
A "Woman looking out of a Door ; Rembrandt, del. ; P.

van Amstel, fecit. 1764.
A Young Man with a Hat on, looking out of a Door ;
same inscription. These two are clever imitations of
The Interior of a Dutch Cottage, with Peasants, one
reading a paper; Ad. v. Ostade, del., 1673; P. van
Amstel, fecit, 1766.
A Frost Piece, with six Spanish figures, one a Woman
with a Mask ; Sendrik Avercam, del., 1621 ; P. van
Amstd,fecit, 1766.
Portrait of Jan Josephzoon van Goyen ; Ant. van Byck,

del., 1638 ; P. van Amstel, fecit, 1T69.

A Landscape, with a Market at the entrance of a Town ;

Jan Josephzoon van Goyen, del., 1653 ; P. v. Amstel,

fecit, 1767.

A similar subject, with a Oattle Market ; same inscription.

A Lady seated at a Harpsichord ; Ger. Douw, del., 1660 ;

P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1767.
A Sea-piece, with Shipping; Ludolf Bakhuysen, del.,

1694; P. V. Amstel, fecit, 1769.
A Landscape, with a "Woman riding on an Ass, with
Cattle, by the side of a Canal ; JV. Berghem,, 1764 ;
P. van Amstel, fecit, 1769.
The Virgin Mary, with the Infant Jesus. A circular
plate. Abr. Bloemaert, del.; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1769.
An assemblage of Peasants before an Alehouse, with a
Man playing on the Violin, and another dancing ; Ad.
V. Ostade, del., 1673; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1769.
Portrait of a Young Lady, with a Book on a Table ; H.

Goltzius, del., 1612 ; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1770.
Portrait of a Young Man, sitting in a Chair ; C. Visscher,

del., 1651 ; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1771.
Landscape, with a Man leading a Horse, and in the
foreground some Women washing ; Ph. Wouwerman,
del., 1660; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1772.
The Inside of a Church, with a Man drawing ; P. Saen-

redam, del., 1630 ; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1774.
A Spanish Concert ; Karel van Mander, del., 1603 ; P.

V. Amstel, fecit, 1772.
A Man seated, holding a Flute, with a Bonnet in the
manner of Eembraudt; G. Flinck, 1643; PI. van
Amstel, fecit, 1773.
A Sea-piece, with Shipping ; P. Coops, del. ; P. v. Am-
stel, fecit, 1773.
An assembly of Peasants, one sleeping; Ad. Brouwer,del.,

1635; P. V. Amstel, fecit, 1775.
A Man sitting at a Table, with Cards in his hand ; F.

Mieris, del., 1693 ; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1777.
Two Dogs, small prints ; similar inscription.
Three Peasants, one with a Bottle ; G. Dusart, del. ; PI.

van Amstel, fecit.
A Young Lady taking a Beverage presented by a Boy,
and a Physician standing near her; Ger. Terburg,
del. ; PI. van Amstel,fecit, 1779.

A Young Lady, with a musical Instrument ; G. Netscher,

del., 1664 ; P. van Amstel, fecit, 1781 ; oval.
Two Sea-pieces ; Ludolf Bakhuysen, del.; PI. v. Amstel,

fecit, 1781.
The Judgment of Solomon ; Lucas van Leyden, del.,

1515 ; P. V. Amstel, fecit, 1782.
A Landscape, with Euins, and a Man with an Ass ; Th.

Wyck, del.; P. v. Amstel, fecit, 1782.
A View in Norway, with figures ; Aid. van Everdiiigen,

del. ; P. V. Amstel, fecit, 1782.
Five Dutch Magistrates sitting round a Table ; J. de

Bray, del., 1663 ; PI. v. Amstel, fecit.
The Attorney and his Clerk ; /. Steen, del., 1672 ; P. v.

Amstel, fecit.
A Landscape, with Buins, and a Shepherd with Sheep

and Goats ; J. van der Does, del., 1699 ; P. van Amstel,

A mountainous Landscape, with Cattle ; J. v. der Meer,

de Jonge, del., 1704 ; PI. v. Amstel, fecit.
The Carpenter and his Wife ; J. Saenredam, del., 1610 ;

P. V. Amstel, fecit.
The Inside of a Cottage, with Peasants ; Corn. Bega,

del., 1684; P. v. Amstel, fecit.
The Botanist, with Figures bringing him Plants ; G. o.

den Eeckhout, del.; P. v. Amstel, fecit.
A Landscape, with four Sheep ; K. du Jardin, del. ; P.

V. Amstel, fedt.
The Chymist ; J. Zanghans, del., 1711 ; P. ii. Amstel,fecit.
Shipping ; J. Esselens, del., 1708 ; P. van Amstel, fec:t.

PLOTT, John, was born at Winchester in 1732.
In the early part of his life he was articled to an
attorney, but he did not long follow the profession.
In 1756 he came to London, and having shown an
inclination for painting, he became a pupil of
Richard Wilson, the landscape painter ; but his
genius directing him to portraiture rather than
landscape, he quitted that master, and placed him-
self under the tuition of Nathaniel Hone. He
afterwards distinguished himself as a miniature
painter, both in enamel and water-colours, though
he sometimes painted in oil. He had a taste for
natural history, and executed several drawings in
that branch. Whilst in London in 1777 he ex-
hibited at the Academy. Towards the latter part
of his life he resided at Winchester, and some years
before his death became a member of the corpor-
ation of that city. He began a history of ' Land
Snails,' and had made some beautiful drawings for
it when interrupted by death. He died at Stoke,
near Winchester, in 1803. Bromley mentions a
mezzotint portrait of Plott, scraped by himself.

PLUDDEMANN, Hebmann Fbeihold, historical

painter, was born at Colberg in 1809. His first

master was Seig in Magdeburg, and in 1828 he

entered the studio of K. Begas in Berlin, and went

in 1831 to Diisseldorf, to the atelier of W. von

Sohadow, with whom he remained six years. In

company with H. Mucke he completed a number

of frescoes for Count Spee in his sohloss at Heltorf,

and in 1843 he painted a wall in the Eath-haus of

Elberfield. He went in 1848 to reside at Dresden,

where he died in 1868. Among his pictures we

may name :

Loreley. 1833.

The Death of Roland. 1834.

Columbus catching sight of Land. 1836. (Berlin Nat.

The Battle of Iconium (fresco) ; after Lessing. 1839.

(Schloss Heltorf.)
Columbus in La Eabida. 1845.
The Finding of Barbarossa's Corpse. 1846.
The Landgrave Ludwig. 1849.
Prince Hal and Falstaff. 1860.
Henry at Canossa. 1863.

PLUMIER, Edmond, painter, was born at Liege
in 1694. He was a pupil of Pisen and Largilliere
at Paris. He then went to Italy, and entered the





atelier of Masucci. He had a son, Jacques Theodoe,
also a painter, who died in 1766. In the church
of S. Remade at Liege is a ' Descent from the
Cross ' by this artist. He died in 1733.

PO, P. DEL. See Del Po.

POGCBTTI. See Barbatelli.

POCCI, Peanz, Graf von, draughtsman, etcher,
poet, and musician, was born at Munich, March 7,
1807. He owed such teaching in art as he had
to the example of his mother, Amalia Franziska
Xaveeia (born in Dresden, 1776 ; died, 1849). From
1825 to 1828 he studied jurisprudence, and then
became a member of the Bavarian Government.
In 1830 he was named a master of the ceremonies
at the court, and shortly afterwards accompanied
King Ludwig and the Crown Prince to Italy.
Poooi's beat works as an artist are his etchings
for Grimm's ' Volksmarchen ' and for Sohreiber's
« Marchen.' He died May 7, 1876.

POOH, Tobias, (Pock,) a German historical and
still-life painter, who flourished at Constance in
the 17th century. He was living at Vienna in 1662.

POCHMANN, Teadgott Lebereoht, portrait
painter, was born at Dresden in 1762. He was a
Professor of the Dresden Academy, and died in
1830. His own portrait is in the Dresden Gallery.

POCO e BUONO. See Nanni.

POCOCK, Isaac, an English portrait and his-
torical painter, the son of Nicholas Pocock, was
born at Bristol in 1782. He studied under Ronjney
and Beechey, and in 1807 was awarded a prize of
£100 by the British Institution for his ' Murder of
St. Thomas k Beoket.' His works occasionally
appeared at the Academy between 1800 and 1819,
and he also exhibited at the Liverpool Academy,
of which he was a member. Inheriting property,
he retired from the practice of art, and amused
himself by writing for the stage. He died at
Maidenhead in 1835. There is a portrait of Bartley
as Hamlet bj- him at the Garrick Club, London.

POCOCK, Nicholas, an English marine painter,
born at Bristol in 1741. His family were mer-
chants, and in his younger years he commanded
a vessel. During his voyages he was enabled to
exercise his talent for sketching, and he at length
devoted himself entirely to art. He attracted the
favourable notice of Sir J. Reynolds, and first
exhibited at the Academy in 1782. Seven years
later he moved to the wider sphere of London, and
was much engaged in depicting the naval battles
of the period. He was one of the original members
of the Water-Colour Society, where he exhibited
up to 1817. He died at Maidenhead in 1821. The
following are some of his woiks :

Greenwich. Hospital. Defeat of the French Fleet at
St. Kitfs, 1782.

„ „ H.M.S, Triton.

„ „ H:.M.S. Defence.

„ „ Cutting out a Vessel.

London. ^^/A^i;^^^-) A Mountainous Country. 1790.

„ „ Bangor, with Fenmaenmawr.

„ ,, Oaderldris. 1790.

„ „ Llanstephan Castle.

PODESTA, GiAQOMO Andrea, was born at Genoa
about the year 1620, and went early in life to
Rome, where he became a scholar of Giovanni
Andrea Ferrari. The year of his death is not as-
certained. It does not appear that he reached any
celebrity as a painter; but we have some very
spirited etchings by him, which prove him to have
been an artist of considerable ability. He usually


marked his plates AND- P. or And. P. in. etfec.
One of his prints is marked 1636, and four others
1640, which was probably his best time. Bartsch
describes eight engravings by him, of which five
are bacchanalian subjects, two amatory, and one
a St. Francis performing a miracle. The following
are also by him :

An Allegorical Subject, representing Boys cultivating
the Arts, and a PhoMiix in the Flames ; after his own

The Triumph of Bacchus ; after Titian.

Bacchus and Ariadne ; after the same,

Silenus Drunk, supported by Satyrs and Bacchanals ;

after the same.
Two subjects from the Life of Diego ; after Carracci.

POEHAM, Maetin, an old German engraver, to
whom Professor Christ attributed some indifferent
copies from the prints of Aldegrever, Sebald Beham,
and others,

POEL. See Van dee Poel.

POELENBURGH, Coenehs van, (or Poelbm-
BUEG,) called also Beusco and Satyeo, was born
at Utrecht in 1586. He received his first instruc-
tion from Abraham Bloemaert, and then travelled
to Italy in search of improvement. On his arrival
at Rome, he attached himself to the style of Adam
Elsheimer. He adopted a pleasing style of painting
small landscapes, distinguished by suavity and
delicacy of colouring, and an agreeable choice of
scenery, enriched with architecture, into which he
introduced figures remarkable for the fusion of
their handling, their clear carnations, and mediocre
drawing. He quitted Rome with some reluctance,
after a sojourn of several years ; and on his arrival
at Florence, where the reputation of his talents had
preceded him, he was received with favour and
distinction by the Grand Duke, for whom he
painted several pictures. On his return to Utrecht,
the impatience of his countrymen to possess his
works loaded him with commissions. In 1607
Charles I. invited him to London, where he re-
mained some time, and painted several pictures for
the king and the nobility. He frequently orna-
mented with figures the architectural views of
Steenwyck, and the landscapes, of Keimnckx. In
King Charles's catalogue are mentioned the por-
traits of his Majesty, and of the children of the
King of Bohemia, by Poelenburgh ; and in that of
James II. there are sixteen pictures by him. But
the success he met with did not induce him to remain
in England. He returned to Utrecht, where in
1649 he was made President of the Painters' Guild,
and where he died, August 12, 1667. Descamps and
M. Watelet assert that Poelenburgh etched some
prints from his own designs, and that the plates
being soon afterwards destroyed, they are now ex-
tremely scarce. Possibly the prints thus attributed
to Poelenburgh are those etched by J. G. Bronk-
horst after his designs. Jan van der Lys was an
imitator of his style. Poelenburgh' s pictm'es are in
nearly all the Galleries of Europe ; among them the
following may be named :

Cassel. Gallery. The Virgin.

„ „ Christ borne to Heaven by

Dresden. Gallery. The Assumption of the Virgin.

„ „ Diana at the Chase.

Dulwich. Gallery. Nymph and Satyr dancing.

London. JVai. Gal. Judgment of Paris {in a landscape
hy Both).
,, „ Euins ; TVomen bathing.

Paris. Louvre. The Annunciation.

Vienna, Belvedere. The same subject.




POEPPELMANN, Johann David, a painter,
was born at Dresden in 1729. He was instructed
by Oeser, and painted portraits. In 1762 he was
appointed one of the painters to the Count of
Saxony, and died in 1813.
POERBUSSE. See Pouebus.
POERSON, Charles, who was bom at Metz in
1609, and died in Paris in 1667, was a pupil of
Simon Vouet, and became painter-in-ordinary to the
king and Rector of the Eoyal Academy of Painting.
POERSON, Charles Franqois, a French painter,
was born in Lorraine in 1652. He was a son of
Charles Poerson, and a pupil of Noel Coypel, in
whose style he painted history. Through the patron-
age of M. Mansard, he was introduced to the notice
of Louis XIV., and was employed on some his-
torical subjects for the Hospital of the Invalids ;
these, however, were soon afterwards destroyed,
and replaced by some frescoes by Bon de Boul-
longne. He was subsequently appointed director
of the French Academy at Rome, where he died
in 1725.

POESEL, Wolfgang, a painter, was bom at
Amberg in 1736. He painted for several of the
churches in his native district, and died in 1797.

POGrET, Jean, a miniature painter, who flourished
early in the 16th century. Some of his work is in
the 'Livre d'heurs,' of Anne of Brittany, in the
Mus^e des Souverains of the Louvre.
POGGETTL See Baebatelli.
P06GI, Cesake, historical painter, was born at
Milan in 1803. He was a pupil of Sabatelli, but
after 1824 studied in Venice and Rome. He died
at Milan in 1859, a member of the Academy there.
Besides a large number of pictures by him in the
churches of Lombardy, we may name the follow-
ing :

Death of Clarissa Visoonti. {Count Arese.)

The Adulteress before Christ. {Marchess fusca.)

Brutus and Ligarius.

St. John the Baptist.

Susannah in the Bath.

Three Card-players.

Bomau Bobbers.

POGGrlNO, Zanobi di, an Italian painter, who
flourished in the 16th century. He was a pupil of
Sogliani, and painted portraits and historical scenes,
of which a considerable number are still to be found
in Florence.
POGGIO, G. DEL. See Giovanni di Paolo,
POILLY, FEANgois db, the elder, an eminent
French engraver, was born at Abbeville in 1622
or 1623. He was the son of a goldsmith and en-
graver, who instructed him in the rudiments of
art. He afterwards went to Paris, where he became
a pupil of Pierre Daret, under whom he remained
three years, and afterwards visited Rome, where
he took Cornells Bloemaert as his model. During
a residence in Rome of seven years, he greatly
improved his design, and engraved several plates
after the works of the great Italian masters. In
1656 he returned to Paris, where he became one
of the most celebrated engravers of his time, and
country. In 1664 he was appointed engraver in
ordinary to the king. He died in Paris in 1693.
His plates are executed entirely with the burin,
which he handled with uncommon firmness and
dexterity. Though he had the assistance of some
able pupils, it is surprising that he could have
finished so many plates. About 400 prints bear
his name, and Nagler describes 107 as entirely by
him. The following are among his best :


Pope Alexander VII.

Louis XrV. when young ; a^ter Wocret.

Cardinal Mazarin ; after Mujnard.

Henri d'Amaud, Bienop of Angers.

Jerome Bignon, CounseUor of State ; after Fhilippe de

Abraham Fabert, Marshal of France ; after Ferdinand.
Gruillaume de Lamoignon, with Allegorical Figures;

after Miynard.
Bust of Guillaume de Lamoignon ; after Le Brun.


The Virgin and Child.

The Holy Family, with St. John embracing the Infant

St. Ignatias Loyola.
The Death of St. Francis Xavier.
The Crucifixion.
The Triumph of Augustus.


The Vision of Bzelriel ; after Raphael.

The Holy Family, in which the Infant Christ is standing

upon the cradle (Louvre) ; after the same.
The Virgin lifting up a veil, to show to St. John the

Infant Christ sleeping (Vierge au Diademe, L'juvre) ;

after the same.
The Flight into Egypt; after Ouido.
The Nativity, or Adoration of the Shepherds, in an octa-
gonal border ; after the same. The first impressions

of this plate are before the two angels which appear

above were inserted.
Christ praying in the Garden ; after the same.
The dead Christ on the lap of the Virgin, at the foot of

the Cross ; after L. Garracci.
The Eepose in Bgypt, in which the Virgin is represented

sleeping, with two Angels kneeling ; after Ann. Car-

The Holy Family ; after N. Poussin.
The Marriage of St. Catharine ; after P. Mignard.
The Holy Family ; after the same.
The Baptism of Christ ; after the same.
S. Carlo Borromeo administering the Communion to

Persons infected with the Plague; after the stme.
The Visitation ; after G. le Brun.
St. John in the Isle of Patmos ; after the same.
The Crucifixion ; after the same.
The Parable of the "Wedding Garment; after P. de

The Crucifixioa; a large print, in three sheets; after

the same.
The Trinity ; after the same,
Joseph's Bloody Garment presented to Jacob; after

Charles Antoine Coypel, '

Nymphs Bathing ; after Giulio JRamano,

POILLY, FEANgois de, the younger, the younger
son of Nicolas de Poilly, was born in Paris in 1671,
and was instructed in engraving by his father. He
afterwards travelled with his brother to Rome,
where he engraved a plate representing ' St. Cecilia
distributing her wealth to the Poor,' after Domeni-
chino, a companion print to the Martyrdom of that
Saint, by Jean Baptiste de Poilly.

POILLY, Jean Baptiste db, the son and pupil
of Nicolas de Poilly, was horn in Paris in 1669.
Having made some progress in engraving under
his father, he went to Rome, where he studied
some years. On his return to Paris he executed
several plates, by which he gained a considerable
reputation, and was made a member of the Academy
in 1714. He died in Paris in 1728. His style of
engraving differs greatly from those of his father
and uncle. He forwarded his plates with the point,
and finished them with the burin, in a pleasing
and picturesque style. We have several portraits





and historical subjects by him, of which the follow-
ing are the most deserving of notice :


Clement XIII. Pontifex Max.

Louis SIV. ; after Mignard.

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