Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

. (page 81 of 201)
Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 81 of 201)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

family of 1)A Ponte, commonly called the Bassani,
is as follows :

Franeeiffio da Ponte,
died 1530.

Jacopo da Ponte.
B. 1510. D 1502.

1548— 16»1.

GiOL Battista.


Leandro {Gav).

1560- 1622.

PONTE, Francesco da, the elder, was bom_ at
Vicenza about 1475. After receiving his technical
education at Venice he established himself at Bas-
sano, a sm ill town on the Brenta. If not an actual
pupil of Bellini he was at all events a follower of
his style. Among bis best works we may name a
' St. Bartholomew,' in the cathedral of Bassano,
an altar-piece, in the church of San Giovanni, and
a ' Descent of the Holy Ghost,' in the village church
of Oliero. Francesco died at Bassano in 1530.

PONTE, Francesco da, the younger, the son of
Jacopo da Ponte, was born 26th January, 1549, at
Bassano, and was educated in his father's studio.
He afterwards migrated to Venice, where he was





employed to paint a series of historical pictures in
the Doge's Palace. He also worked much for the
Venetian churches, and his pictures, though less
vigorous and rich in colour than those of his father,
are among the treasures of the Venetian School. He
was subject to hypochondriacal attacks, in one of
which he committed suicide by throwing himself,
from a window. This was on the 4th July, 1492.
Many of the pictures by Francesco which occur
in European galleries are assigned to his father,
Jacopo. Among those ascribed to himself we
may name the following in the Vienna Gallery :

St. Francis.
■ St.- Clara.
Boy with a Flute (signed Ffiiuo Bass, pec).

PONTE, Giovanni Battista da, the second son
of Jacopo da Ponte, was born at Bassano in 1653.
He was the least distinguished of the family, and
was chiefly known as a copyist of his father's works.
Many of his productions now figure, no doubt,
under Jaoopo's name. He died in 1613.

PONTE, GiROLAMO DA, the youngest of Jacopo's
sons, was born at Bassano in 1560. He also copied
his father's pictures, and like his brother Giambat-
tista, must take his share in the blame or credit
which attaches to their wide difEusion. He also
painted original works of his own, however, and
one of these, an ' Apparition of the Virgin to St.
Barbara,' is in existence at Bassano. Girolamo
died in 1622.

PONTE, Jacopo da, ' II Bassano ' par excellence,
was born in 1610, in the city from which he takes
his sobriquet. His training in art took place first
under his father Francesco, at Bassano, afterwards
at Venice in the studio of Bonifazio Veneziano.
His mature style, however, was mainly formed on
the example of Tritian. His earlier subjects were
of an ambitious class, such as ' Samson slaying
the Philistines,' the remains of which are still to be
seen on the outside of the Casa Michieli at Venice.
But this energy was not of long duration, and he
turned his attention mainly to portraits, and to
those Biblical scenes which lend themselves to a
genre treatment. Among his sitters were Sebas-
tiano Venerio, Doge of Venice, Tasso, Ariosto, and
other distinguished men. Jacopo had already ac-
quired a position at Venice when the death of his
father compelled him to return to Bassano, where
he chiefly resided for the rest of his life. The
family home was picturesquely placed on the river-
bank, and Jacopo was quickly led to devoting
most of his time to subjects which allowed him to
treat the scenes before his eyes, and the living
things by which they were peopled. The ' Entry
of the animals into the ark,' the ' History of Jacob,'
the ' Adoration of the Shepherds,' the ' Expulsion
of the Dealers from the Temple,' were painted by
him again and again. Jacopo's knowledge of the
nude and power of design were small, but his
brush was extraordinarily facile. With the help
of his sons, he produced an inexhaustible stream of
pictures, which, it is said, were put up to auction
at the neighbouring fairs when no buyer had been
secured beforehand. At one time he was invited
to the court of the Emperor Rodolph II., but he
refused to leave his beloved Bassano, where he
died in 1592. One of his best pictures is the ' Good
Samaritan,' in the National Gallery. We may also
name :



S. Gmseppe,
S. Maria
d. Grade.

The Nativity.

, > Baptism of Lucilla.

Dublin. Jfat. Gallery. Departure of Abraham {de-
posited, hy the Nat. Gallery of
„ „ A Holy Family, with donors.

„ „ Visit of the Queen of Sheba to

Florence. Vjfid. His own Portrait.

„ „ The Ponte Family as musicians.

London. JVat. Gallery. Portrait of a Gentleman.

„ „ _ Christ clearing the Temple.

Milan. Amlrosiana. Adoration of the Shepherds.

„ „ A 'Eiposo.'

Naples. Museum. Kaising of Lazarus.

„ „ Holy Family.

Paris. Louvre. The Animals entering the Ark.

„ „ Moses striking the S^ck.

„ „ Marriage of Cana.

„ „ The Boad to Calvary.

„ ,, A ' Deposition.'

„ „ Vintage.

„ „ Portrait of Giovanni da Bo-

Venice. Academy. Virgin with SS. Joseph and

Vicenza. Museum. A Deputation to the Virgin.

PONTE, Lbandeo da, the third son of Jacopo,
was born at Bassano in 1558. He was a pupil of
his father. His fame was won chiefly by his
portraits. He put the finishing touches to his
brother Francesco's pictures in the Ducal Palace
at Venice, and has left a vast number of canvasses,
many of which are ascribed to his father. Leandro
was created a Knight of the Order of St. Mark, by
the Doge Grimani. In the latter part of his life be '
lived in great state at Venice, where he died in
1623. Among his acknowledged works we may
name :

Dresden. Gallery. Christ healing the Blind.

„ „ The Entry of the Animals into

the Ark.
, , „ Christ bearing the Cross (signed

Leandek a Ponte Basso

EQVE3, p.)
„ „ Portraits of the Doge Cicogna

and his wife (hath signed).
„ „ Male portrait, said to be that

of the artist himself.
„ „ Shepherds and Sheep.

Dublin. Nat. Gallery. The Building of the Tower of

„ „ Adoration of the Shepherds

{deposited by the Zondon Nat.

Madrid. Museum. Eight pictures.

Munich. Gallery. A ' Deposition.'

„ „ A Holy Conversation.

Vienna. Mehedere. The Adoration of the Magi.

„ „ Portrait of the Doge, Ant.

„ „ Portrait of Cardinal Dom.

„ „ A Portrait Group.

„ „ Two Male Portraits. ^.A,

PONTE, Giovanni da Santo Stefano da, a
painter, was born at Florence in 1306. He was a
pupil of Buffalmacco, and painted portraits and
historical subjects. He worked at Florence and
Assisi. He died in 1365.

PONTE, OcTAVio DEL, a marine and dead game
painter of Utrecht. He was governor of the Hos-
pital of St. Job at Utrecht from 1639 to 1645. In
1638 he was master of the guild of St. Luke. He
died in 1645.

PONTE, Pedeo de. See Aponte.

PONTEAU, Michel, called II Pontiako, was
born at Liege about 1588. He was first instructed
by Bertin Hoyoux, but at an early age he went
to Italy, where he resided till his death in 1650.
He painted portraits and historical subjects. He




painted a series of portraits of the Roman Emperors
on the windows of his house at Liege.

PONTONS, Pablo, a Spanish painter, was born
at Valencia in 1606. He was a scholar of Pedro
Orrente, and followed the style of his instructor,
who had been a scholar of Bassano. His colouring
bears the character of the Venetian school. There
are several of his works in the churches and con-
vents of his native city, of which the most import-
ant is a series of subjects from the life of San Pedro
Nolasco, in the church and cloisters of the convent
of La Merced. He also painted some altar-pieces
for the monastery of La Cartuja del Puche : and in
the church of Santa Maria de Morella, two pictures,
representing the Nativity, and the Adoration of the
Magi. He was also a reputable painter of portraits.
He died in 1670.
PONTORMO, Jacopo da. See Carrdcci.
PONZ, Antonio, a Spanish painter, born at
Bsxix in 1725. He was a pupil of Eichart at
Valencia, and then went in 1746 to Madrid, where
he studied for five years. He then went to Rome
for a short time, but soon returned to his own
country, where he was soon engaged in painting at
the Esourial. In 1771 he made a journey through
Spain. In 1776 he was appointed secretary of the
Academy of San Fernando. He was a member of
nearly every academy in the Peninsula. He made
some excellent copies after Raphael, Guide, and
Paolo Veronese. He also wrote ' Comentarios de la
Pintura,' and several other works. He died in 1792.
PONZ, MosEN Jayme, was born at Vails, near
Tarragona, and studied in the school of the Jun-
cosas at Barcelona. In 1722 he painted a number
of pictures for the Carthusians of Scala -Dei. In
1723 he painted some frescoes on the dome of
the Hermitage of Nuestra Senora de Misericordia,
without the walls of Reus. The parish church of
Vails had some frescoes by Ponz, and that of Alta-
fuUa one of ' St. Michael,' after Raphael.

PONZONE, Matteo, was born in Dalmatia, and
lived between 1630 and 1700. He was a scholar
of Santo Peranda, and, after acting for a time as
his master's assistant, became a painter of history
on his own account. Several of his works are in
the churches and public buildings of Venice, par-
ticularly in Santa Maria Maggiore, and in the
. church of the Padri Groceferi. A ' Holy Family '
by him, in the Houghton Gallery, was engraved
by Valentine Green.

POOL, Jubiabn, was born at Amsterdam in
1666. He distinguished himself as a portrait
painter, and passed the early part of his life at the
court of the Elector Palatine, by whom his works
were much esteemed. After the death of his patron
he returned to Holland, where he abandoned paint-
ing, and applied himself to mercantile pursuits.
He was the husband of Rachel Ruysoh, the cele-
brated painter of flowers and fruit. He died in
1745. His works are rare. There is a portrait
group of C. Bockelman, president of the Surgeons'
guild of Amsterdam, and his colleague, J. Six, in
the Rijks Museum of that city.

POOL, Matty, a Dutch engraver, was born at
Amsterdam about the year 1670. He was in-
structed in the art in Paris, and on his return to
Holland engraved several plates after various
masters, in a style resembling that of Bernard
Picart. The date of his death is not recorded, but
he engraved in 1727, as appears by a work pub-
lished in that year. Among others the following
prints are by him :

Portrait of Barend Graat, painter.

The Infancy of Jupiter ; after B. Graat.

Cupid taken in a Net by Time ; after Guercino.

A Bacchanalian subject ; after N. Poussin.

A set of twelve subjects ; fi'om designs hy Remirandt.

A set of 103 plates, entitled ' The Cabinet of the Art

of Sculpture,' by Frans van Bossuit ; from drawings

iy B. Graat.
Three burlesque representations of the Ceremonies

adopted by the Flemish painters at Borne ; from the


POOL, Rachel. See Ruijsch.

POOLE, Paul Palconeh, an English historical
painter, born at Bristol in 1810. He was almost
entirely self-taught in art, but came to London
early, and first appeared at the Royal Academy
in 1830 with a picture of 'The Well, Naples.'
He attracted notice in 1843 by his picture of
' Solomon Eagle,' and in 1846 was elected an
Associate of the Academy, of which he did not,
however, become a full member till 1861. At the
Westminster Hall competition of 1847 he won a
prize of £300, and he was awarded a medal at the
Paris Universal Exhibition of 1855. His success
was chiefly due to the poetry of his conceptions,
but he was a fine colourist, and in his best works
contrived, with much skill, to conceal the weak-
ness of his drawing. He led a very retired life,
and died at Hampstead in 1879. Amongst his
chief works are :

The Farewell. 1837.

The Emigrant's Departure. 1838.

The Surrender of Syon House. 1846.

Job receiving the news of his disasters. 1847.

The Goths in Italy. 1851.

The Laaguer of Valencia,

The May Queen. 1852.

The Songs of the Troubadours. 1854.

Philomena's Song. 1855.

Escape of Glaucus and lone. 1860.

A Border Eaid. 1868.

Eemorse. {Royal Academy, London.)

Two Children at a Stile. {Bridgewater Gallery, London.)

The Lion in the Path. 1873.

Ezekiel's Vision. 1875. {National Gallery, London.)

The Death of Cordelia. (South Kensington Museum.)

POORT. See Van dee Pooet.

POORTEN. See Van deb Pooeten.

POORTER, Willem de. See Da Poorteb.

POOST, Peans. See Post.

POPE, Alexander, younger brother of Somer-
ville Stevens Pope, was well known for his per-
formances in the characters of Othello, Henry
VIIL, &c. He was born at Cork, and was a
student of the Dublin Art School under West.
In 1783 he came to London, and made his first
appearance in Covent Garden Theatre. He ex-
hibited at the Academy from 1790 to 1821. He
died in London in 1835. He painted a portrait of
Michael Bryan, the first compiler of this Diction-
ary, which was engraved as a frontispiece for the
original quarto edition.

POPE, Alexander, the English poet, born in
London in 1688, died at Twickenham in 1744,
deserves mention as an amateur painter. He
studied under Jervas for eighteen months, and
frequently worked very assiduously at art, making
many copies of portraits. Lord Mansfield has a
specimen of his work as a copyist.

POPE, Claea Maria, an English painter of por-
traits, miniatures, and flowers, born about the
middle of the 18th century. She was the daughter
of Jared Leigh, an amateur artist, and married
first Francis Wheatley, and subsequently Alexander
Pope, the miniature painter. Her works frequently





appeared at the Academy from 1796, and her flower
pictures were in good repute. She painted the
portrait of Mine. Catalani. She died in 1838.

POPE, SoMERViLLE Stevens, an amateur minia-
ture painter, was born in Ireland in the first half
of the 18th century. His chief instructors were
his father and Thomas Roberts. He is chiefly
known as a copyist of Vernet. He became High
Sheriff of Dublin, and afterwards worked at art
as. an amateur.

POPELS, Jean, was born at Tournay about the
year 1630. He engraved some plates from the
copies in the gallery of the Archduke Leopold at
Brussels, for the collection of prints called 'The
Cabinet of Teniers ' ; among them the following :

Hagar aud Ishmael ; after Titian.
St. George and St. Stephen ; after Giovanni Bellini.
St. John the Baptist and St. Roch ; after Palma Vecchio.
The Virgin and Infant Christ, with St. John and St.

Catharine ; after Pahna Giovine.
A Dead Christ, supported by Joseph of Arimathea;

aftei' Schiavone.
The Triumph of Bacchus ; after Eutens.

At Gottingen there is a picture by this artist of
' The Deliverance of Andromeda.'

POPMA, Alabdo de, was a Spanish engraver,
who worked at Madrid in the early years of the
17th century. He executed a fine title-page for
the 'Ilistoria de las Ordenes Militares de Santiago,
Calatrava y Alcantara' (Madrid, 1629); also one
for Navarrete's ' Conservaoion de las Monarquias
y Disoursos politioos' (Madrid, 1626).

POPOLI, GlAClNTO de', an Italian painter, born
at Orta. He was a pupil of Massimo Stanzioni,
and painted mostly in churches. He died in 1682.

POPP, Heinkioh, a German painter, born at
Nuremberg in 1637. He was a pupil of Reisler,
and painted portraits and historical subjects. He
died in 1682.

POPPI, II. See Mobandini, Francesco.

PORBUS. See Pockbus.

PORCELIUS. See Pokzel.

POKCELLI, Antonio, an Italian painter of the
present century, born in 1800. He painted both
landscape and figures. Among his best pictures
may be named the ' Pontana dell' Aoqua Autosa,'
the ' Pine Forests of Ravenna,' and the ' Cobbler's
Monday.' The last is in the Collection of the
Czar. Porcelh died in 1870.

PORGELLIS (or Porcelles). See Paecelles.

PORCELLO, Giovanni, a little-known painter
of Messina. He studied under Solimena.

PORCIA, Francesco di, a painter of Friuli, who
flourished about 1606. His surname is believed
to have been Apollodobo. He worked chiefly at

PORDENONE. See Licinio.

PORETTANO, Pier-Mabia, an obscure Bolog-
nese, who lived and painted about 1600. He was
a pupil of Lod. Carracci.

PORIDEO, Geegorio, a forgotten pupil of Titian,
whose name was signed, says Lanzi, on a little
oblong picture formerly in the Casa Pisani, at

PORLETTI, Carlo. See Portelli.

PORPORA, Paolo, a Neapolitan painter, was a
pupil of Falcone, and a member of the Academy
of St. Luke in the year 1656. He excelled chiefly
in battle scenes, animals, and in such still-life as
shells, dead fish, flowers and fruit. He died about

PORPORATI, Cablo Antonio, an engraver and
painter, was born at Volvera, near Turin, in 1741,


He went to Paris when he was young, and be-
came a pupil of Chevillet and of Beauvarlet. In
1773 he was made a member of the Academy
at Paris, and engraved for his reception plate
' Susannah at the Bath,' after Santerre. In the
same year he was admitted to membership of the
Turin Academy, and in 1797 appointed conservator
of the gallery there. In 1793, commissioned by
the king, he founded at Naples a school of engrav-
ing, and spent in that city the four years previous to
his last-mentioned appointment. He died at Turin
in 1816. He painted some good portraits, but
engraving was his forte. The following prints are
by him, some of which are executed in a finished
and beautiful style :

Susannah at the Bath ; after Santerre. (His chef-

Abraham sending away Hagar ; after Philip van Di/k.
Tancred and Clorinda ; after Carle van Loo.
Le Ooucher ; after the same.

Erminia asking shelter of a Shepherd ; after the same.
Cupid in Meditation ; after Angelica Kaufmann,
The Death of Abel; after A. van der Werjf.
Venus caressing Cupid ; after Pampeo Batoni.
Jupiter aud Leda ; after Correggio.
The Madonna with the Babbit ; after the same.
Leda and the Swan ; after the same.
Leda bathing ; after the same.
La Zingarella ; after the same.
The young Girl with a Dog ; after Greuze.
Portrait of Charles Emmanuel III.
Portrait of Queen Marie Antoinette.
Portrait of the Empress Marie Louise.

The following plates were engraved by liim in
mezzotint :

Paris and (Enone '. after Van der Werff.
The Compassionate Priestess ; after Gibelin.

PORRI, Daniello, (or Daniele,) called also De
PoB, De Pobb, De Poebo, and Da Parma, a por-
trait and historical painter, was born at Parma in
the early years of the 16th century. His family
was Milanese by origin. He worked under both
Correggio and Parmigiano, and afterwards in col-
laboration with Taddeo Zucchero in the church of
Santa Maria d'Alvito. Of their combined work
nothing remains but a single ' Holy Conversation,'
in which the Madonna is seated with the child
between St. Francis and St. Nicholas of Bari.
Porri died at home in 1566.

PORRO, Gibolamo, an Italian engraver on wood
and on copper, was born at Padua about the year
1520, but worked during the greater part of his
life at Venice. He engraved in a tasteful and
delicate style the vignettes, amounting to nearly
one hundred, for a book entitled ' Imprese illustri
di diversi,' published by Camillo Camilli in 1535.
He also executed the plates for the 'Orlando
Furioso ' of Ariosto, published at Venice in 1548 ;
for the ' Funerali antichi di diversi Popoli et
Nationi,' by Tommaso Porcacchi, published in
1574 ; and the portraits for the ' Sommario delle
Vite de' Duchi di Milano,' by Scipione Barbae,
1574. The maps in Ruscelli's translation of the
' Geographia' of Ptolemy, 1574, and the views in
Porcacchi's 'Isole piii famose del Hondo,' 1575,
are likewise by him. After this there is no account
of Porro ; but Zani says he was working in 1604.

PORRO, Maso, a native of Cortona, and painter
on glass, who was active shortly before 1568.

PORTA, Andrea, a Milanese painter, born in
1656. Orlandi mentions him as still alive in 1718.

PORTA, B. DELLA. See Babtolommeo di Fas-




PORTA, Ferdinandp, a painter of Milan, born
1689, died about 1767. He was an industrious
imitator of Correggio.

PORTA, Giuseppe, called Salviati, was born
at Castel Nuovo, in the Grafagnana, in 1520 or
1518. He was sent to Rome when he was young,
and placed in the school of Francesco Salviati
(Rossi), whose character of design he followed,
and acquired the name of 'the younger Salviati,'
by whicli he is more generally known than his
own. When his instructor was invited to Venice
he was accompanied by his pupil, whose works
were sufficiently admired in that capital to induce
hira to establish himself there. He was employed
by the senate, in conjunction with some of the
most distinguished artists of his time, in ornament-
ing the palace and library of St. Mark, where he
painted ' The Sibyls, fhe Prophets, and the Cardi-
nal Virtues ' ; and for the chapel, the ' Dead Christ
with the Marys.' From 1541 to 1562 he worked at
Padua, painting in particular a series of ' Scenes
from the Life of John the Baptist,' in the Selvatico
Palace.. His reputation reached Rome, whither in
1663i'he was invited by Pius IV. Here he was
employed in the Sala Regia, and painted the
' Emperor Frederick I. doing homage to Alexander
III.' Having finished these and other works for
that pontiff, for which he was munificently re-
warded, he returned in 1565 to Venice, where he
painted several pictures for the churches and public
edifices, particularly a 'Purification,' for the Church
of the Padri Servi ; and the ' Annunciation,' in
the chapel of the Incurabili. In the Church Degli
Angeli, at Murano, is one of his best works, a
' Descent from the Cross, with the Virgin, Mary
Magdalene, and St. John.' The date of his death
is uncertain, but it probably occurred between
1570 and 1585.

Papillon mentions Porta as an excellent en-
graver on wood. That writer asserts that he had
seen, in the possession of M. Villayer, at Paris,
about a, dozen woodcuts by him, representing
'Prophets and Sibyls,' and a print of ' Cupid and-
Psyche.' He himself possessed a print of the
' Crucifixion, witli the Virgin, Mary Magdalene, and
St. John,' signed Giuseppe Salviati ; and another
representing the ' Academy of Arts and Sciences,'
signed Joseph Porta Grafagninus. Others are the
title-page to the ' Sorti' of Marcolini (1540) and a
'Lucretia.' Zani, however, is of opinion, in spite
of the above inscription, that though designed
by Porta, they are executed by an anonymous

PORTA, Oka-zio, a native of Monte S. Savino,
who was painting in 1568.

PORTAIL, Jacqdbs AndbiS, a French fruit and
flower painter. In 1742 he was appointed custodian
of the king's pictures, and in 1746 he was admitted
to tlie Academy. He died in 1759.

PORTANA. See Lopez t Portana.

PORTE, H. H. R. DB LA. See Rolland de la

PORTELLI, Carlo, (or Portegli), an Italian
painter, and native of Loro, in the Valdarno. He
was a pupil of Ridolfo del Ghirlandajo. Vasari
speaks of him as ah artist of ability, fie painted
several pictures for the churches of Florence,
especially for Santa Maria Maggiore. On October
15th, 1674, one Carlo di Galeotto Partelli da Loro
was buried in San Pancrazio.

PORTENGEN, Pierre, a painter of Utrecht, and
scholar of Paul Moreelse, flourished about 1638.

He painted landscapes in the manner of Jan Both,
but in handling is very inferior to that master.

PORTER, Sir Robert Ker, was born at Durham
in 1777, and passed his boyhood in Edinburgh,
whither his mother had moved on the death of
her husband, an officer in the army. Here he made
the acquaintance of the famous Flora Macdonald.
In consequence of his admiration for a battle-piece
in that lady's possession, representing some action
in the affair of '45, which she explained to him
in animated language, he determined on becoming
himself a painter of battles. This occurred when
he was only nine or ten years old. From this time
he was continually sketching similar subjects, which
induced his mother in 1790 to take him to West,
the President of the Royal Academy, who, struck
with the spirit of his sketches, immediately pro-
cured him admission as a student. His progress
was rapid, and in 1793 he was commissioned to
paint an altar-piece for Slioreditch Church. In the
following year he painted a picture of ' Clirist
allaying the Storm,' which he presented to the
Roman Catholic chapel at Portsea ; and in 1798
' St. John preaching,' for St. John's College at

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 81 of 201)