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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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that he died at Dover in 1784. Works :
Edinburgh. Nat. Gallery . David Hume.

„ „ Mrs. AUan Eamsay (a master-


„ Nat. Portrait Gall. Himself.

Hon. Alex. Murray.
Adam Austin, M.D.
AndrewFletcher,Lord Milton.
Norrie, a Scotch decorative

Jolin, second Duke of Argyll
The Earl of Chesterfield.

„ „ Queen Charlotte.

„ „ George III.

„ „ Lord Mansfield.

., „ Dr. Mead.


„ IL. Cnll. of Physicians.
„ Lord Young,

„ J2. Scott, Academy.


Nat, Fort. Qal,

Patrick Grant, Lord Elchies.

Dr. John Eutherford, grandfather of Sir AV. Scott.

Caroline, Marchioness of Lothian. [Jjord Lothian.)

John, second Earl of Stair. (Lord Stair.)

John, third Earl of Hyndford. {Sir W. H. Gibson

James Ferguson, F.R.S.
Sir Alex. Dick, of Prestoufield, Bart. {Sir B, K, A,

Dick Conyngham, Bt.)
Patrick Boyle, Lord Shewalton. (Lord Inglis.)
Clementma Maria Sophia Walkinshaw, Countess of

Albertstroff (mistress of the Young Pretender and

mother of the Duchess of Albany).

RAMSAY, James, an English portrait painter,
born in 1784. He had a good practice in London,
and exhibited at the Academy from 1803. He
retired to Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1847, and 'died
there in 1854. A good portrait of Grattan by him
has been engraved. Amongst his other portraits

London. Nat. Portrait Gal, Thomas Bewick.

„ Soyal Coll, ofPhys, Dr. Elliotson.

Newcastle-on-Tyne. Town Mall, Earl Grey.

RANG, — , the elder, painter, worked at Mont-
pellier towards the end of the 17th century with
much success, and was one of Rigaud's early
masters. He was also the first teacher of his more
famous son, Jean Rano. He died at a compara-
tively early age. In the church of St. Pierre,
Montpellier, there is a ' Christ giving the Keys to
Saint Peter ' by him.

RANC, Jean, portrait painter, bom at Mont-
pellier in 1674, studied under his father, and under
Rigaud, whose style he followed with much success,
and whose niece he married. M. D'ArgenviUe re-
lates an absurd story respecting Ranc. He says
that having painted the portrait of a gentleman, in
which he had exerted all his art, the friends of the
sitter persisted in declaring that it was in no
way like him. Ranc promised to alter it, and
having prevailed on his sitter to co-operate, he
prepared a similar cloth, and having cut a hole to
admit the head, he requested his model to place
himself behind the canvas. The critics were sent
for to examine the amended portrait, which they
persevered in declaring was not yet like him, when
the head answered, " You must be mistaken, gen-
tlemen, 'tis I myself." De la Motte has introduced
this adventure into his fables. In 1724 Ranc was
invited to the court of Spain and appointed principal
painter to the king. He painted the Royal Family,
and also the King and Queen of Portugal, and died
at Madrid in 1735. Works :



Portrait of Philip T. (on

Portrait of Philip T. (half

Portrait of the Queen, Isa-
bel, second wife of Philip
Y. (half length).

Portrait of Phihp T. (to the

„ „ Portrait of Queen Isabel (to

the knees),
„ „ Portrait of Queen Luisa, wife

of Luis I. of Spain (half

n „ Portrait of the Prince of

,! „ Portrait of the Prince Carlos

(afterwards Charles III.).
I, „ Portrait of a Maid of Honour.

And several others.

RANDA, Antonio, a native of Bologna, was first
a scholar of Guido, but afterwards studied under




Lucio Masari. He became of sufficient celebrity
to be taken under the protection of the Duke of
Modena, who appointed liim his painter in the
year 1614. His works are chiefly to be seen in
the churches at Bologna and Eerrara. In the
latter city, in the church of S. Stefano, is a picture
by him representing S. Filippo Neri, and the great
altar-piece of the church of S. Liberale, represent-
ing the Virgin Mary, with the infant Saviour and
St. Francis, is by this master. He died in 1650.

RANDALL, James, an English painter and
draughtsman, who practised in London about the
beginning of the 19th century. He exhibited
architectural landscapes at the Academy from
1798 to 1814, and in 1806 published ' A collection
of Architectural Designs,' in aquatint.

EANDAZZO, Filippo, painter, worked in Sicily
in the 18th century, and executed some large wall-
paintings at Palermo.

RANDEL, Friedeich, painter and draughtsman,
born 1801. A pupil of Kriiger's. He devoted
himself chiefly to genre pictures, into which he
introduced animals, especially horses, which he
treated with much skill. He also executed por-
traits in oil and in coloured chalks. One of his best
works is an equestrian portrait of General Tumping.

RANDLE, Fbbdeeick W., born in London, 1847.
He went to America in 1860, and became known
in Philadelphia as a painter of still-life. He died
at Liverpool, 1880.

RANDOLPH, — , painter, worked in England
towards the close of the 16th century, for the Earl
of Sussex. Directions for payment to him of sums
owing are contained in the Earl's will (Walpole,
vol. i. p. 187).

RANDON, John, an engraver who resided at
Eorae about the year 1710, by whom we have
several plates after antique and modem statues,
for the collection published by Rossi ; and other
subjects after various masters. The date of his
death is unknown, but he was still living in 1765.

RANER, Daniel, painter. Nothing is known
of this artist but that there was once a picture of
an old man with a cat in the Sohleissheim Gallery,
signed B. H., and attributed to him.

RANFTL, JoHANN Mathias, a genre and animal
painter, born in Vienna in 1805, where he studied
at the Academy, and under 'Peter Kraft. His
works are pleasing, and light in composition and
colouring. His best pictures were his animals.
His chief works are :

A Scene in the Flood at Pesth. {Belvedere, Vienna. )

The Reapers' Siesta. (Liechtenstein Gallery.)

Children gathering 'Wood. (The same.)

The Family of Doge. (The same.)

The Hunter's Spoil.

The Labourer's Eetum.


Knntz TOn Kosen in Prison.

He died at Vienna in 1854.

RANKLEY, Alfeed, a subject painter, bom in
1819, was a student in the schools of the Academy.
His name first appears as an exhibitor in the
Academy in 1841, from which time he exhibited
works mostly of a domestic nature. His pictures
were carefully finished and generally had a moral.
He died in Kensington at the end of 1872.
Amongst his best works we may name :

The Village Church.
A Scene from Macbeth. 1841.
The Guilty and the Innocent.
The Lonely Hearth. 1857.
The Day is Done. 1860.

The Doctor's Coming. 1864.
Follow my Leader. 1867.
Following the Trail. 1870.
The Hearth of his Home. 1870.
The Pharisee and the Publican.
The Benediction. 1871.

RANSON, Thomas Feazee, an English engraver,
was born at Sunderland in 1784. He was appren-
ticed to an engraver at Newcastle, and gained prizes
from the Society of Arts for his plates in 1814,
1821, and 1822. He was engaged in the bank-
note controversy of 1818, and by a strange acci-
dent was tried for having a forged note in his
possession. He was, however, acquitted. In 1821
he received the gold medal from the Society of
Arts for a line engraving, and again in 1822 for
his engraving after David Wilkie's ' Duncan Gray.'
Among other good plates by him we may name :

A Portrait of George IV. ; after a drawing hy Edmund

A Portrait of the Duke of Northumberland ; after T.
Phillips, R.A.

RANSONNETTE, Nicolas, a French engraver,
born in Paris in 1753. He engraved several my-
thological subjects, after Gabriel de St. Aubin,
and other masters. We have also the following
prints by him :

The new Palais-Eoyal at Paris.

A View of the new Palace of Justice.

The Rival Seducers ; from his own design.

The Lover Revenged ; from the same.

Cupid and Psyche ; after Raphael.

Italian Amusements ; after Watteau.

Diana of Poitiers ; after L. Penni,

Agnes Sorel ; after the same.

The Dream of Voltaire ; after St. Aubin.

Nostradamus showing Marie de Medicis the throne of
the Bourbons.

RANSPACH, Gael, painter, working at Berlin
in the first part of the 19th century. At the Berlin
Exhibition, 1838, he exhibited several hunting and
battle scenes, and was afterwards o, frequent ex-
hibitor of such subjects, and of other genre-pictures.

RANUGCIUS, an Italian painter, of whom it is
recorded that he was one of the signatories of the
Treaty of Peace made between Lucca and Pisa in

RAOUL, Jean, miniature painter. In 1477 he
executed a genealogy of the kings of France,
adorned with paintings in miniature, and remark-
able for the delicacy and finish of its workmanship.

RAOUX, Jean, a French painter, born at Mont-
pellier in 1677, was a scholar of Bon Boulogne,
and having obtained a prize at the Academy, was
sent to Italy with the king's pension. Although
his studies were directed to historical painting, and
he was on his return from Italy received into the
Academy on that basis, he afterwards worked prin-
cipally at fancy subjects and portraits, of which we
have Mile. Prdvost as a Bacchante, Mile. Quinant
as Amphitrite, and Mile. Carton as a Naiad. He
is said to have been in England, where he was
patronized by Sir Andrew Fontaine. His historical
works are his picture of ' Telemaclius in the Island
of Calypso,' which has been engraved by Beauvarlet,
and ' Venus reposing,' of which there is a print by
J. Daulle. He died in Paris in 1734. Among his
better works we may also name :

The Four Ages.

Scene in the Temple of Priapus.
The young Bather.
Young Women at the Spinet.
Telemachus. {Louwe.)

Girl reading a Letter. (Louvre ; La Caze .Collection.)





RAPHON, (Raphun,) Johann, a German reli-
gious painter, a native of Eimbeok, who flourished
in the 16th and 16th centuries. There are two
pictures Itnown by him, both signed with his name,
and bearing the dates 1499 and 1508. The latter
picture is in the cathedral of Halberstadt ; it con-
sists of a centre and wings, or shutters. In the
• middle is represented the Crucifixion ; on the
interiors of the wings the Annunciation, the
Adoration of the Shepherds and Magi, and the
Presentation in the Temple ; on the exteriors,
figures of Saints. The composition of the central
picture is somewhat overcharged ; and the heads
are distinguished rather by energy and individu-
ality than by feeling. Another altar-piece, also
a ' Cruoiiixion,' with saints on the wings, said to
be by him, is in the library of the university at
Gottingen. M. Hausmann of Hanover possesses
two wings of a fourth altar-piece. A picture
executed in 1499 for an altar-piece in the Cister-
cian Monastery of Walkenried, was removed thence
to Prague in 1631.

EAPIANUS. See Gudenduk.

RASCALON, JiiBfiMB, painter, born 1786. A
pupil of Cic^ri and of Bouton. He practised in
Paris towards the middle of the 19th century,
painting landscape and genre-pictures, and was
also employed as scene-painter at the Vaudeville

RASPAY, Pierre, painter, born at Avignon in
1748, went to Paris and studied under Vernet, but
returned to his native place and was made director
of the School of Art. His works are to be found
in the Museum of Avignon, and include a ' View of
the Pope's Palace at Avignon,' ' View of the Bridge
of S. Benezet,' and a portrait of the Abbe Juenet,
first keeper of the Museum at Avignon. Easpay
died at Avignon in 1825.

RASPE, C. G., engraver, flourished at Leipzig
and Dresden in the 18th century. His chief plates
are :

Charles Bonnet ; after Jens Juel.

Charles, Count of Saxony ; after Schmidt.

H. P. Stiirz ; after Ganz.

RASSET, Jean. See Valentiit.

RASTELL, John, an English wood-engraver of
the 16th century, the brother-in-law of Sir Thomas
More. He is remembered by 'The Pastyme of
the People, or The Chronicles of Divers Realmes,'
and more especially of ' The Realme of England,'
which he published in 1529, with his own illus-
trations. These have been wrongly ascribed to
Holbein. The book was republished by Dibdin in
1811. Rastell died in 1536.

RATH, Henriette, painter, born at Geneva,
1772, a pupil of Isabey, painted portraits, and also
worked on enamel. She, with her sister, founded
the ' Mus^e Rath ' at Geneva, and was made an
honorary member of the Society des Arts in 1801.
She died in 1856.

RATHBONE, John, a native of Cheshire, was
born about the year 1750. He has been sometimes
called 'The Manchester Wilson.' Without the help
of an instructor he acquired a respectable talent
as a landscape painter, and his pictures were
frequently embellished with figures by Morland,
Ibbetson, and other contemporary artists. His
life, like those of the two friends just named, was
irregular, and most of his pictures pass under
other names. He exhibited at the Academy from
1785 till his death, which took place in 1807. The
following are fair examples of his art :,



Walker Gall. A Landscape.

-P^«^-^'*;^|tv70 Landscapes.


EATTI, Carlo Giuseppe, the son of Giovanni
Eatti, bom at Genoa in 1735, studied at first under
his father, and then was taken under the patronage
of Rafael Mengs, with whom he lived as a friend.
He did not devote himself so much to painting as
to writing ; and among his works are, ' The Lives
of the Painters of Genoa,' 'A Life of Rafael
Mengs,' and 'Notices of Correggio.' He was
knighted by Pope Pius VI. He died in 1795.

EATTI, Giovanni Agostino, painter, born at
Savona in 1699, went early in life to Rome, where
he frequented the school of Benedetto Luti. He
occasionally painted historical subjects, of which
the most deserving of notice are his pictures of
the life of St. John the Baptist, in the church of San
Giovanni, at Savona, of which the ' Decollation ' is
perhaps the best. But his principal merit was in
painting scenes for the theatre, and caricatures, in
which he discovered great ingenuity and invention.
He died at Genoa in 1775. He engraved a few

RAUCH, Ernst, engraver, bom at Darmstadt
in 1797, studied under Portmann, and then after
working for some time in Switzerland, went in
1822 to Paris, where he worked under Hersent. In
time he returned to Darmstadt, and became court
engraver. He worked for a time with his brother
Karl {q. v.), and with him completed most of the
steel engravings in a collection of original views
of German court cities and of their cathedrals
(the latter after Ludwig Lange), and some of the
plates for Salzenberg's ' Altchristliche Baudenk-
male von Konstantinopel.' The chief works hs
did alone are :

A Portrait of Dr. Liebig.

A Peasant Pamily at Prayers ; after K. Schorn.

RAUCH, Ferdinand, painter, practising in
Vienna in the first half of the 19th century. He
was a, brother of the artists Johann Joseph and
Johann Nepomuk Ranch, and painted animals.

RAUCH, Johann Joseph, painter and etcher,
practised in Vienna, with his brothers Ferdinand
and Johann Nepomuk, in the first half of the
present century. He was educated at the Vienna
Academy, and afterwards travelled much in Ger-
many and Russia, He painted landscapes and
animals, both in oil and water-colours, and also
etched similar subjects.

RAUCH, Johann Nepomuc, a German landscape
and animal painter, bom in 1804 at Vienna. In
the Vienna Gallery there is by him 'A Bull
pursuing a Cow ' (1832). He died in 1847.

RAUCH, Karl, brother of Ernst Karl, born at
Darmstadt in 1804, a pupil of his brother's and
of Moller, went to London, and became a Fellow
of the Society of British Architects. The two
brothers worked together and engraved landscapes
in Germany from their own drawings ; the prin-
cipal cathedrals, after Ludwig Lange ; and a num-
ber of works after Salzenberg. Karl engraved alone
the principal door of the Cathedral of Freiburg.

RAUFFER, Karl, a miniature painter, born at
Eatisbon in 1727, was secretary to the Elector
Maximilian III. of Bavaria. He died at Munich,
in 1802.

RAUFFLT, — , a Swiss painter, who studied
in France towards the end of the 17th century,
and who in 1684 gained a prize from the Eoyal




Academy of Painting with an ' Enoch first invoking
the name of the Lord.'

RAUPT, FEANgois Lodis, born at Lucerne in
1730, was first a pupil of his father, and then
studied in Paris and Rome. After a visit to Hol-
land and Grermany, he settled in Hamburg. His
chief work was the decoration of some ceiMngs in
the Palace of Hesse CasseL He died at the Hague
in 1798.

EAUSCHER, GEORd Feiedeich, landscape
painter, was first a pupil of his father, August
Friedrich, and in 1813 studied at Munich under G.
Dillis and W. Kobell. Was appointed Court
painter to the Duke of Coburg, and Professor at
the School of Art. He made many drawings
in sepia and water-colour, besides his landscapes
in oil.

RAUWAERT, Jakob, painter, a pupil of Martin
Heemskerk. He appears to have been a man of
property, and to have practised art for pleasure
rather than as a profession. He flourished at
Amsterdam about the middle of the 16th century.
He had a fine collection of pictures, and commis-
sioned Heemskerk to paint him one representing
the ' Four Ends of Man,' for which he paid a
large sum. When in 1572 Haarlem was besieged
by the Spaniards, Eauwaert protected his old
master, and received him into his house at Am-

RAVANALS, Juan Bautista, engraver, bom at
Valencia in 1678, studied under Evaristo Mufioz.
His principal engravings, which displayed more
skill in handling of the graver than in drawing,
were : an equestrian portrait of Philip V., and a
genealogical tree of the Royal family ; a portrait
of Father Gregorio Ridaura, a print of San Rod-
rigo, a second portrait of Philip V., some plates for
the first edition of a mathematical work by Tosca,
the frontispiece for a book called ' Gentro de la Fi
OrtodoxS,,' which represents the apparition of Our
Lady ' del Pilar ' to St. Francis and some of his
disciples, and illustrations for another book of
Devotion, in which St. Thomas Aquinas and other
saints figure.

RAVEAU, (Madame,) Bmilib, painter, born in
France 1785. A pupil of her father, Michael
Honors Bonnieu. She painted historical and
mythological subjects. Died after 1830.

EAVBLLI, PiETER Antonij, painter, born in
1788. Practised at Amsterdam, and was first a
pupil of B. Barbiers Pietersz, and afterwards of
C. H. Hodges. He finally devoted himself chiefly
to portrait-painting in miniature and in oils, but
also painted genre-pictures.

EAVEN, John S., an English landscape painter,
born in Suffolk in 1829. He was the son of
the Eev. Thomas Eaven, a clergyman of the
Church of England, who had considerable talent
as an amateur artist, as may be seen from six
water-colour drawings by him in the South Ken-
sington Museum. John Eaven was, however,
almost entirely self-taught. He exhibited at the
Academy as early as 1845, and his works also
appeared at the British Institution. He at first
fell under the influence of the Norwich school,
and of Constable, but his maturer works, which
show much poetic feeling, bear traces of pre-
Eaphaehtism. It was his custom to prepare elabo-
rate cartoons for his pictures. He was drowned
while bathing at Harlech in 1877. A collection
of his works was exhibited at the Burhngton Club
in 1878. Amongst his chief pictures were :

Salmsey Church (his first picture, painted when he was

sixteen years old).
The Forest of Fontainebleau. 1853.
A Voice of Joy and Gladness. 1860.
The Skirts of a Mountain Farm. 1862.
Midsummer Moonlight. 1866.
The Crops Green. 1867.
The Shadow of Suowden. 1867.
A Hampshire Homestead. 1872.
The Heavens declare the Glory of God. 1876.
Barff and Lord's Seat from the Slopes of Skiddaw.


EAVENAET, Hennequin de, painter, worked at
Bruges about the middle of the 15th century.

RAVENET, Simon Franqois, a French en-
graver, born in Paris in 1706, was a pupil of
Lebas. After practising the art with considerable
reputation in his native country, he came to Eng-
land, and settled in London about the year 1760.
He was employed for a time at the Battersea
Enamel Works, and gained a premium from the
Society of Arts in 1761. In 1766 he was a mem-
ber of the Incorporated Society of Artists. He
is said to have been imported by Hogarth, who
employed him upon the 'Marriage d la Mode.'
The fourth and fifth plates in that series are by
hira. He was also employed by Alderman Boy-
deU, for whom, perhaps, he did his best work.
He gave both a fine suggestion of colour and
great brilliancy to his engravings, and finished
them with precision. Eavenet died in London in
1774. Among his plates we may name :

George I.

George II. ; after Mereier.
Lord Camden ; after ReyTiolds,
Alexander Pope, Poet.
James Thomson, Poet.
David Hume, Historian.
Mr. Garrick and Miss Bellamy in ' Romeo and Juliet ' ;

after B. Wilson.
Himself ; after Zoffany (lettered Grave par Ivi meme

d'ajpres un, taMeau 2>eint par son ami Zoffany),

The Emblem of Human Life ; after Titian ; Crozat

Venus and Adonis ; a ter P. Veronese ; the same.
The Adoration of the Shepherds ; after D. Feti ; tho

Painting and Design ; after Guido.
The Virgin, with the Infant Jesus sleeping ; after the

Charity ; after Carlo Cignani.
The Arcadian Shepherds ; after iV. Foussin.
Sophonisba taking Poison ; after L. Giordano.
The Death of Seneca ; after the same.
Tobit Anointing his Father's Byes ; after Ag. Caraccl.
The Lord of the Vineyard ; after Semtrandt.
The Prodigal Son ; after Sal. Rosa.
Phryne tempting Xenocrates ; after the same.
The Return of the Prodigal Son ; after Guercino.
Lucretia deploring her Fate ; after Cazali.
Gunhilda, Empress of Germany, acquitted of a charge

of adultery ; after the sam,e.

EAVENET, Simon, the son of Simon Franpois
Eavenet, was born in London about the year 1765
(according to others in 1749), and was instructed
by his father in the art of engraving. He after-
wards visited Paris, where he studied painting
for a short time under Francois Boucher. On
leaving that master he went to Italy, and settled
at Parma, where he undertook to engrave and
publish plates from all the works of Correggio in
that city. This arduous undertaking occupied
him from 1779 till 1785, in which time he





engraved the following prints after the Parmese
master :

A set of twelve plates from the Cupola of the Cathedral.

A set of twelve plates from the Cupola of S. Giovanni.

The Madonna della Scodella,

The Madonna della Soala.

lia Santissima ISTunziata.

The Madonna Incoronata.

Christ bearing his Cross.

The Descent from the Cross.

The ' St. Jerome.'

The Martyrdom of St. Placidus.

For these labours he was made ' Cavaliere.' We
have also by him the two following prints :

Jupiter and Antiope ; after Euhens.
Theseus lifting the Stone ; after N. Paussin.

Ravenet is believed to have been still alive in

RAVENNA, Mabco da. See Dente, Marco.

RAVENZWAAY, Jan van, the elder, a. Dutch
landscape and animal painter, born at Hilversura
the 29th November, 1789. Ho studied under P.
G. van Os, and died the 2nd March, 1869. Among
his works are :

Amsterdam. Museum. A Cow-Stable.
Haarlem. Pavilion. Landscape with Animals.

„ „ Interior of a Stable.

RAVENZWAAY, Jan van, the younger, the
nephew of Jan Ravenzwaay the elder, and his pupil,
born at Hilversura, in Holland, 1810. He painted
landscape in the manner of his Uncle. Died 1849.

RAVESTEIN, Antonij van, a painter of still-
life, practising in Holland in the 17th century.
Received a member of the Corporation of Painters
in 1614 at the Hajjue, and was one of the founders
of the Pictura Society in 1656.

RAVESTEIN, Arthur van, painter, bom at
the Hague 1616, was the son and pupil of Antonij
van Ravestein, and practised portrait painting at
the Hague, where he was a member of the Guild
of Painters. He was dean in 1661, 1662, and
1680. He is stated by some writers to have been
the son of Jan van Ravestein. He is mentioned
in the accounts of William II. of Orange, as
having received 600 florins for a picture represent-
ing Diana and Calisto. An Arnold van Rave-
stein was inscribed on the books of the Guild at
Haarlem in 1639. By some he has been supposed
to be the same as Arthur. There are two portraits
by him in the Cassel Gallery, and one, of a young
man, at Copenhagen. Arthur van Ravestein died

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 91 of 201)