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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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at the Hague in 1676.

RAVESTEIN, Regneb, a landscape painter of
little note, who practised at Amsterdam in the
18th century.

RAVESTEJIN, Hendeik van, painter, studied
at the Hague about the middle of the 17th
century, and then travelled in Austria and Ger-
many to complete his education. He practised for
a time at Vienna, painting portraits of persons at
the Court, and then settled at Bommel, in Holland,
and devoted himself chiefly to the painting of
still-life. He died in 1672. He was the father
and teacher of Nicolaas van Ravesteijn.

RAVESTEIJN, Hubert van, painter, was born
at Dort in 1640. His pictures represent the in-
teriors of slaughter-houses, butchers'-shops, and
similar subjects. He sometimes painted peasants'
kitchens, and stables, which he treated with some
power of chiaroscuro.

RAVESTEIJN, Jan Anthonisz van, a celebrated
portrait painter, born at the Hague about the year

350



1672, was a pupil of Frans Hals, whose early style
he closely followed. He was scarcely surpassed
in the particular branch of art which he practised
by any of his countrymen, if we except Rem-
brandt, Hals, and Vander Heist. He was received
into the Guild of St. Luke at the Hague in 1598,
and practised there for the rest of his life. Inde-
pendently of the individual portraits by this painter,
which are found in the private collections of Holland,
there are two large pictures by him in the hall
of the Company of Archers at the Hague, which
establish his reputation as one of the ablest artists
of the Dutch school. In one of these he has
painted the portraits of the officers and principal
members of the society, life-size. The figures,
as well as the heads, are correctly dravm and finely
coloured. The canvas is dated 1616. The other
represents an assembly of the magistrates of the
Hague seated at a table ; the figures, twenty-six
in number, are admirably grouped. There is also
a picture of 'The Civic Guard issuing from the
Doelen,' and the ' Banquet of the Town Council,'
both of which are in the Town Hall. Examples of
this artist are to be found in most of the European
galleries. He died at the Hague June 21, 1657.
RavesteJjn's manner has much of the hardness of
the 16th century, reminding us oftener of Mirevelt
than of Rembrandt or of Hals at his maturity; but
his pictures are characterized by a peculiar nobility
in the carriage of his sitters and by a fine largeness
of conception. He signed his pictures with a mono-
gram composed of J A VJS, or with his name in f uU.
Among his works we may name :
Amsterdam. Museum: Portraits of Jan Pietersz and
Margriet van Snoek.
„ „ Portrait of Commander Joris

Cats.
J, „ Portrait of Prince Ernst Casi-

mir of Nassau.
„ „ Portrait of Justinus of Nassau.

Berlin. Gallery. Portrait of a Savant vrith his

little Daughter.
Brunswick. Gallery. Portrait of a Professor.

„ „ Family Portrait.

Dresden. Gallery. An old Man in Armour.

Hague. Museum. A Series of Twenty-four Por-

traits of Colonels in the serv-
ice of the United Provinces.
Lille. Museum. Two Fine Portraits.

Munich. Finakothek. Three Portraits.
Nancy. Museum. Portrait of a Woman.

RAVESTEIJN, Nicolaas van, painter, born at
Bommel in 1661, was the son of Hendrik van
Ravesteijn. His father instructed him in the ele-
ments of design, but died while he was young.
After his father's death he studied first under
Willem Doudijns at the Hague, and then under
Jan de Baan. After leaving the latter, he settled
in his native city, arid soon acquired an extensive
practice. He died at Bommel in 1760.

RAVIGNANO. See Dente.

RAWLE, Samuel, an EnglLsh engraver and
draughtsman, who practised in London about the
beginning of the 19th century. There is an en-
graving from a drawing by him of the Middle
Temple Hall, in the ' Gentleman's Magazine ' for
1798. Landscapes by him appeared at the Academy
in 1801 and 1806. Specimens of his engraving
are to be found in Murphy's ' Arabian Antiquities
of Spain' (1806), and two of his water-cblout
drawings are in the Kensington Museum.

RAWLINS, — , an English engraver of portraits
and frontispieces for books who flourished about
the year 1760.



Rawlinson



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVERS.



Beattu



RAWLINSON, James, an English portrait
painter, born in 1769. He was a native of Derby-
shire, and studied under Romney. He only once,
in 1799, exhibited at the Academy, a picture of
an old woman knitting. His portrait of Erasmus
Darwin has been well engraved by Heath. Raw-
linson died in 1848.

RAXIS, Pedro, painter, was living and working
in Grenada with much credit about the end of the
16th century. It is supposed from his style that
he' studied in Italy. He was a good draughtsman,
and displayed great delicacy in grotteschi, on
which he was much employed. According to a
tradition noted by Berraudez, Raxis had two
brothers who were also painters, but were inferior
to him in ability. Works :

Grenada. S. Geronimo. Saints above the High Altar.

„ Saeromonte. Immaculate Conception.

„ Carmen Descalzo. Saints {in the Cloister).
„ Affustinos Calzados. St. Augustine.
Lucena. S. Juan de Dios. The Life of S. Juan de Dlos
(a series of pictures in the
Cloister).

RAYMOND, Pierre, (Rbymond, Rexmont,) one
of the most famous of the Limoges enamellers of
the 16th century. His activity extended from
1534 to 1582. In 1567' he was mayor of Limoges.
He and his contemporaries, Jean and Martial
Raymond, were the chief rivals of the Penicauds.
Good specimens of his work are to be found in the
Basilewsky collection, now at St. Petersburg, in
the Louvre, at Berlin, and in the most famous
private collections, such as those of the Rothschild
family and Mr. Spitzer.

RAZALI, Sebastiano, a Bolognese painter and
scholar of the Carracci. There is a ' St. Benedict
among Thorns ' by him in San Michele in Bosco,
Bologna.

READ, Catherine, a painter of portraits, both
in oil and in crayons, practised in London in
the early part of George III. 's reign. About the
year 1770 she went to the Bast Indies, where she
resided a few years. On her return to England, she
continued to exercise her talent with respectable
success until her death, which happened about the
year 1786. There are several mezzotints after her
portraits. She painted a portrait of Queen Charlotte,
and a group of Princes George and Erederick.

READ, David Charles, an English landscape
draughtsman and painter, born in 1790. He taught
drawing at Salisbury, and published a series of
etchings in 1832. He died at Kensington in 1851.

READ, Richard, an English engraver in mez-
zotint and in stipple, who flourished about the year
1780. He was born about 1745, became a pupil
of Caldwall, and was premiated by the Society of
Arts in 1771. Among other prints by him we have
the following :

Moses saved from the Nile ; after Le Sumr.
A Portrait of a Dutch Lady ; after Sembranit.
Mary, Queen of Scots, resigning her crown in favour of
her Son ; after G. MamUton.

READ, Samuel, was born at Needham Market,
near Ipswich, about 1816. As a boy he was placed
in the ofSce of a lawyer, but showed so decided an
inclination for art, that he was transferred to the
office of an architect. In 1841 he came to London,
and drew on the wood with Mr. Whymper, which
brought him into connection with the ' Illustrated
London News,' for which he worked for more than
forty years. He was the first special artist ever
sent abroad by a newspaper, going in 1853 to Con-



stantinople, just before the outbreak of the Crimean
War. In 1857 he was elected an associate, and in
1880 a full member of the Old Water-Oolour Society.
He made many efEective drawings of interiors and
exteriors of churches and cathedrals. He died at
Sidmouth on May 6, 1883. Works :

The Moated Grange. (S. Kensington Museum.)
The Corridor, Brewer's Hall, Antwerp. (The same.)

READ, Thomas Buchanan, painter, born in
Chester county, Pennsylvania, in 1822, w^ent in
1839 to Cincinnati, and was first an architect and
then a painter. In 1841 he worked in New York,
and then in Boston and Philadelphia, and went in
1850 to England and Italy, making a prolonged
stay in Florence, where he painted fancy pictures,
such as 'The Lost Pleiad,' 'The Water Sprite,'
'The Star of Bethlehem.' He also painted por-
traits, among which were those of George Pea-
body and of Longfellow's children. In 1848 he
published a volume of ' Songs and Ballads,' and in
1850 ' Idylls,' ' Silvia the last Shepherdess,' and
' Sheridan's Ride,' illustrated by himself. He died
at New York in 1872.

READER, William, portrait painter, born at
Maidstone, was the son of a clergyman, and prac-
tised in the 17th century. There is a portrait by
him of Dr. Blow the musician ; it is engraved.
Reader died in London, a pensioner of the Charter
House.

READING, Burnet, an English engraver, born
at Colchester about the middle of the 18th century.
He held the somewhat incongruous positions of
riding and drawing-master to Lord Pomfret. He
worked in the dot manner, and appears to have
practised in London about 1770-90. Amongst his
plates are :

Lavinia and her mother ; after W. S. Bigg.

Charlotte at the tomb of Werther.

Portrait of himself ; after a drawing hy himself.

READING, Sarah, probably a relative of the
last named, was at work at the same time and in
the same fashion. An oval of ' Olivia and Sophia '
by her has been preserved.

READY, William James Durant, an English
marine painter, born in London in 1823. The
son of a Custom House clerk, he was entirely
self-taught, and worked directly from nature. Of
a retiring and timid disposition, he only exhibited
once at the Royal Academy ; and though his works
showed marked ability, he never obtained an ex-
tended reputation. He paid a visit of some years'
duration to America, and on his return resumed his
former retired mode of life. Nearly all his pictures
were sold to one dealer. They were both in oil
and water-colour, and in either case were nearly
always finished on the spot. David Roberts was
his intimate friend. He died at Brighton in 1873.

REALFONSO, TomMaso, an Italian painter of
the 18th century, one of the pupils of A. Belvedere.
He occasionally painted landscapes, but his principal
productions were flower and fruit pieces, and studies
of still-life.

REATTU, Jacques, a French historical painter,
born at Aries about 1760. He studied under Reg-
nault, and obtained the grand prix in 1791, which
enabled him to complete his studies at Rome. The
theatre at Marseilles was decorated by him, and
at Beauvais is his ' History of St. Paul.' He attained
some reputation in his own country, and was
elected a corresponding member of the Institute.
He died in 1832.

351



Bebacca



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OP



Bedenti



EEBACCAj BlAGlo, an ornamentist and his-
torical painter of Italian descent, who lived in
England. He was born in 1735, and was admitted
into the schools of the Academy in 1769, being
elected an Associate in 1771. He was chiefly
employed as a, decorative artist, working as such
on the rooms of the Academy at Somerset House,
at Windsor Castle (by which he was brought to
the notice of the Royal Family), at Audley End, and
at Harewood House. He died in London in 1808.
EEBELL, Joseph, a German landscape and
marine painter, born at Vienna, January 11, 1787.
He was a pupil of Th. Wutky. In 1809 he travelled
through Switzerland to Milan, where he stayed two
years at the Court of Eugene Beauharnais. He
afterwards studied at Rome and Naples, being
favoured in the latter city by Murat. His Italian
sojourn afforded him many subjects. The Emperor
Francis took great interest in his work, and in 1824
he was appointed director of the Belvedere Gallery.
He died at Dresden, December 18, 1828. Among
his works are :
Berlin. Nat. Gal. Tempest on the Coast near

CumsB.
Innspruct. Museum, Two Italian Landscapes,
Munich. Finakothek. The Mole at Portici.

„ „ Tempest at Sea.

„ „ The Canal.

„ „ The Environs of Capri.

Vienna. Beliiedere. Italian Landscape. 1819.

„ „ Vietri and the Gulf of Salerno.

1819.

„ „ The Grotto of Focoia. 1819.

„ „ Portici. 1819.

REBBLLO, Jose d'Avellab, an historical
painter of little note, who flourished in Spain about
the middle of thS 17th century.

REBOUL, TniRESE. See Vien.

RECCHl, Giovanni Battista, painter, a pupil
of Mazzuchelli, and brother of Giov. Paolo Recchi.
He became well-known at Turin, where he was
working about 1660. He painted historical sub-
jects, and was assisted in his studio by his nephew
Giovanni Antonio.

RECCHI, Giovanni Paolo, brother of Giovanni
Battista Recchi, an Italian painter of the 17th
century, who, in conjunction with his nephew
Giovanni Andrea, worked in Piedmont about 1660.
He was a pupil of Mazzuchelli.

RECCO, Giuseppe, born at Naples in 1634, was
a scholar of Aniello Falcone and of Porpora. He
particularly excelled in painting hunts, dead
game, fish, and similar subjects. His pictures
are found in the best collections at Naples. He
was invited to the Court of Madrid, where he
was knighted at the time when Luca Giordano
flourished there. His pictures were held in the
highest estimation by the Spanish king. There
are three pictures by him in the Madrid Gallery,'
representing fish and game. He died at Madrid
in 1695.

RBCCO, PiETEE, portrait painter, born at Amster-
dam, 1766. He was a pupil of A. de Lelie, and
settled at Basle, where he spent the greater part
of his life. Hence he is often called a Swiss by
biographers.

RECHAMBAULT, Pieeee, a painter upon glass
and enamel, who flourished at Limoges about
1655. He was associated with the Penicauds in
some of their works, especially those for'the con-
fraternity of the Blessed Sacrament, at Limoges.

RECHBEEGER, Franz, an eminent designer,
etcher, and landscape painter, was bom at Vienna



in 1771, and was a soliolar of F. Brandt at the
same time as Martin von Molitor, with whom he
afterwards continued to practise. His landscapes
are natural, his etchings spirited. In general
his plates represent wild, romantic scenery, richly
ornamented with trees, or frowning with rocks, in
the style of Jacob Ruisdael, or Albert van Ever-
dingen. He also etched a number of landscapes
after Dietrich. The care of the fine collection of
prints formerly belonging to Count Pries was con-
fided to him, and he was also keeper of the prints
and drawings of the Archduke Charles at Vienna.
His etchings are marked P. R., which has occasioned
them to be sometimes erroneously attributed to
Frederic Rehberg, a contemporary artist, whose
works are historical, and belong rather to the
Roman school. He died in 1842. By him ;
Landscape with the Temple of Vesta. (Vienna.)

RECHLIN, Karl, a painter of battle-pieces and
scenes from military life, born 1804, practised at
Berlin. His principal works are :

Duke Charles of Mecklenburg at Goldberg, 1813.

Painted for the King of Prussia. 1839.
Battle of Leipzic, 1813. Painted for the Emperor of

Russia.
Blucher at La Belle-Alliance.
Vandamme taken Prisoner.

RECHTERS, T., a native of Amsterdam, where
he lived from 1700 to 1768. Among his pictures
is a portrait of Jan Wagenaar. He has also left
a history of his native city.

RECK, David van, a portrait painter of the 17th
century, born in Flanders, and a pupil of Van
Dyck. Queen Christina invited him to the Swedish
Court, and he settled in Stockholm, where he ob-
tained a large practice among the aristocracy.
He painted portraits of the Queen, and of many
Swedish generals and persons of distinction.

RECLAM, Friedeioh, born at Magdeburg in
1734, after learning the rudiments of design in
his native country, went to Paris, where he became
a pupil of J. B. Pierre. In 1755 he visited Rome,
and after a residence of seven years in that capital,
he established himself at Berlin. He painted land-
scapes and portraits with considerable success, and
died in 1774. We have the following etchings by
him :

A set of eight Views in Italy. 1755.

A Landscape, Morning ; after MoucJieron.

The Companion, Evening ; after Dubois,

Two Views in the Environs of Paris ; from his own



A View near Eome, with a Waterfall ; the same.

RECOUVRANCE, Antoine db, a French painter,
born at Avignon. The works of this artist are
little known, though he was appointed painter to
the king in 1588, and held his post till 1641. In
the collection of Duplessis-Mornay, who died in
1611, there were portraits by him. There are
still in existence by him some interiors of churches,
with groups of persons assembled for worship,
which are apparently portraits.

RBDBL, Josef, a German historical painter,
born in 1774. He worked in the style of Fiiger,
and was considered a good colourist. He was
appointed a professor in the Academy at Vienna,
where he died in 1836.

EEDENTI, Feancesoo, painter, born at Cor-
reggio in 1820, was employed in drawing cari-
catures for the Fisohietto. He died at Turin in
1876.



Reder



PAINTERS AND ENGRAVEES.



Seekers



REDER, Christian, called Leandee, born in
Saxony in 1656, visited Rome in 1686. In that
year Buda was taken and Reder gained consider-
able reputation for his battle-pieces, representing
the fights that took place between the Ottomans
and the Christians. He afterwards visited Venice,
Hamburg, England, and Holland, and died in
1729.

REDGRAVE, Samuel, was bom in London,
3rd October, 1802. His father, who at the time
of his son's birth was in the office of Mr. Joseph
Bramah, the inventor, placed him in an office
connected with the Home Department. There he
showed in time that he was possessed of talents of
an unusual kind, and was intrusted with various
responsible tasks under the Home Secretary. But
much of his lei*re was given to matters concern-
ing art and artists. He became a probationer at
the Royal Academy, in the architectural class,
having in his leisure moments acquired consider-
able proficiency as a draughtsman. In 1842 he
became secretary to the Etching Club, in suc-
cession to his brother Richard. He was intrusted
with the collection of a historical series of English
pictures, in oil and water-colour, for the 1862
Exhibition, and was employed in much the same
capacity for the Paris Exhibition of 1867. Two
years earlier he had submitted a proposal for a
Loan Exhibition of Miniatures to the Committee of
Council, which had been acted upon, while in 1866
his aid was invoked by Lord Derby for the organ-
ization of the Exhibition of Portraits, which was
open at Kensington for three years. In 1869 he
helped the Royal Academy in starting the series
of Winter Exhibitions at Burlington House. But
of all his claims to remembrance the chief, per-
haps, are his ' Dictionary of Artists of the British
School,' and his share in ' A Century of Painters,'
pablished jointly by himself and his brother
Richard. Samuel Redgrave married in 1839, but
lost his wife in 1845. He died himself on the 20th
March, 1876.

REDI, Giovanna, a pupil of Gubbiani together
gether with Toramaso Redi, to whom she was, in
all probability, related.

REDI, ToMMASo, born at Florence in 1665, after
receiving some instruction in his native city went
to Rome, where he frequented the Academy estab-
lished in that city by the Grand Duke Cosmo III.,
which was at that time under the direction of
Carlo Maratti and Ciro Perri. His studies at Rome
were prosecuted with considerable success, and on
his return to Florence he was employed by the
Grand Duke in several works for the Palazzo Pitti.
He also painted some pictures for the churches, and
other public edifices, and is spoken of ,as an emi-
nent portrait painter. When the Czar Peter visited
Florence, he was particularly struck with the works
of Redi, and being desirous of establishing an
academy for the promotion of the fine arts at
Moscow, made very liberal proposals to that master
to prevail on him to undertake the superintendence
of it, but his engagements at Florence prevented
his accepting the ofEer. Redi died at Florence in
1726.

REDIG, L., a Belgian painter of genre and
landscape, died 1861. His best known work is a
' Village FIte.'

REDMOND, Thomas, an English miniature

painter, born at Brecon about 1745. As a boy

he was apprenticed to a house-painter at Bristol.

Coming to London, he studied in the St. Martin's

VOL. II. A a



Lane Academy, and was in 1763 a member of the
Free Society of Artists. Migrating to Bath, he
obtained a good practice, and exhibited at the
Royal Academy from 1775 to 1779. He died at
Bath in 1785.

REDONDILLO, Isidoro de, a Spanish painter
of the 17th century, and pupil of Angelo Nardi.
He practised at Madrid, and was appointed painter
to Charles II. in 1685. He painted portraits and
historical pictures, which are often confounded,
says Bermudez, with those of other painters.

REDODTlS, Antoine Ferdinand, the son of
Charles Joseph Redouts, born at St. Hubert, 1756.
The pupil of his father. He was a decorative artist
of much repute in his day, and decorated the
Palais de I'Blysde, the Palais Bourbon, the Ch&teau
de Compiegne, and other large houses. In 1776 he
settled in Paris, where he died in 1809.

REDOUTB, Charles Joseph, painter, the son
of Jean Jacques Redoute, and father of the three
artists, Pierre Joseph, Henri Joseph, and Antoine
Ferdinand Redoute, was born at Jamagne, near
Philippeville, in 1715. He was his father's pupil
until 1735, when he came to Paris and studied
at the Academy. Later he settled at Sainifilubert,
where he worked much on commission for the
Abbeyj and for the great houses of the neighbour-
hood, and where he died in 1776.

REDOUTE, Henri Joseph, a painter of flowers,
fruit, and insects, born at St. Hubert, 1766. He
was the son of Charles Joseph Redoute, and studied
under his brother Pierre Joseph at Paris. He was
appointed draughtsman to the ' Jardin des Plantes,'
and was chosen as one of the members of the Art
and Science Conimission which Bonaparte sent
into Egypt.

REDOUTfi, Jean Jacques, an obscure artist,
born at Dinant in 1687, and remarkable only as
having been the father of Charles Joseph, and
grandfather of Pierre Joseph Redout^. He died in
1762.

REDOUTS, Pierre Joseph, flower painter, bom
at St. Hubert in Belgium in 1759, learned the prin-
ciples of art from his father, and then went to his
brother, Antoine Ferdinand, in Paris. In 1792 he
was appointed draughtsman to the Academy of
Sciences and to the Institute, and in 1805 flower
painter to the Empress Josephine. Among his
pupils were Marie Antoinette, Josephine, and
Hortense. His chief works are lilies and roses,
' The Flower of Malmaison.' He died in Paris
in 1840.

REED, Joseph Charles, an English landscape
painter in water-colours, born in 1822. He was
elected an associate of the Water-Colour Institute
in 1860, and a member in 1866. His subjects were
confined to the scenery of the United Kingdom.
He died in London in 1877.

REEDER, Martin, a painter of still-life, born at
the Hague in 1802. He was a pupil of Van Cuy-
lenburgh and of J. Pieneman.

RBEKERS, Hbndhik, a painter of flowers and
fruit, born at Haarlem, 1815. He was a pupil of
his father, whom he greatly excelled in his art,
and of G. J. J. Van Os. He lived for a time at
Brussels, but returned in 1848 to Haarlem, where
he died in 1864.

Eotterdam. Museum. Fruits, Vegetables, and Game.

REEKERS, Jan, born at Haarlem, 1790, was
a pupil of Horstok, and a painter of portraits and
landscape. He died 1858.

353



BeesbronccL



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF



Regnatilt



RBESBEONCQ.' See Rtsbeoeck, van.

REGAMEY, Guillatjme, a French military
painter, born in Paris in 1837. He studied under
Leooq de Boisbaudran and Bonvin, and afterwards
under Barye at the Academy, where he gained two
medals. His pictures were not at first successful ;
they were rejected for years at the Salon, and it
was not till 1863 that he first appeared there, as
a painter, with a 'Turcc' His first important
contribution, however, was a ' Batterie de tam-
bours des Grenadiers de la Garde,' which was
exhibited in 1865, and is now in the Mus6e at Pau.
This was followed two years later by ' Sapeurs : t^te
de colonne de 2°° Cuirassiers de la Garde,' which
made a great sensation, and is now in the Chalons
Museum. Eegamey was troubled all his life with
ill health, and his work went on in very inter-
mittent fashion about this time. He contrived,
however, to finish a third important picture for
the Salon of 1870 (' Tirailleurs Algdriens '), and then
the Franco-German War interrupted his studies.
Partly on account of his weakly constitution, partly



Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 92 of 201)