Michael Bryan.

Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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because he could be of use to his family by earn-
ing money for their support through the exercise
here of j|is talent, he left Paris for London, where
he lived and worked to the end of the war. Many
of his designs appeared in English periodicals,
especially the ' Illustrated London News.' In 1872
he returned to Paris, where he arrived in the midst
of the ' Commune.' During the last three years of
his life his work was again much interrupted by ill-
health, but at his death, on January 3, 1875, he left
finished the two last of the pictures named below :

Pau. Museum. The Drummers. 1866.

Chalona-sur-Mame. Museum. Sappers. 1868.
Marseilles. Museum. TiralUeite Alg^riens. 1866.

Cuirassiers in a Cabaret.

Drummers of a Grenadier Uegiment.

Eegamey's life is the subject of a sympathetic
notice byM. Ernest Chesneau ('Librairie de I'Art,'

EEGEMORTER, Ignatius Josephus van, a
Flemish historical, landscape, and genre painter
and engraver, born at Antwerp in 1785. He
studied under his father, Petrus Johannes, also
in Paris, Antwerp, Brussels, and Ghent. He died
at Antwerp in 1873. Amongst his works are :
Amsterdam. R. Museum. The old Fish-Market at Ant-
„ „ The Mfeage of Jan Steen.

„ Fodor Mus. Jan Steen and r. Van

Brussels. Museum An Autumn Morning.

Munich. Pinakothek, Interior of a Garret.

„ „ The Euined Cottage.

REGEMORTBR, Petrus Johannes van, a
Flemish landscape and genre painter, born in 1755
at Antwerp. He was a pupil of the Academy of
that city, but he owed much to his study of the
pictures in some private collections. He became
a professor in the Academy, and Dean in the
Painters' Guild in 1786. Many artists of note
studied under him, and he had a large practice
as a picture-restorer. In 1814 he was engaged in
bringing back the pictures taken by the French to
Paris. He died in 1830. In the Antwerp Museum
is a ' Shepherd and Flock ' by him. He excelled
in painting moonlights.

REGGIO, LucA DA. See Feeeaei.

REGILLO. See LiciNlo.

REGNARD, Val^men, a French engraver, who
was a scholar of Ph. Thomassin, flourished at Rome
about the years 1630-50. Among other things he

354 ^ «= .

engraved several of the plates for the collection of
prints from the antique statues, &c., in the Gius-
tiniani Gallery. He also engraved some plates
after the works of Giovanni Antonio Lelli, Pome-
rancio, Agostino Ciampelli, &c.

RE6NAULT, Alexandre Geoegbs Henei, born
in Paris in 1843, was the son of the director
of the Gobelins. He studied under Montfort,
Lamothe, and Cabanel, competed unsuccessfully
in 1863 for the Prix de Rome, but won it in
1866 with his 'Thetis presenting Arms to Achilles.'
In 1864 he sent two portraits to the Salon.
From 1866 to 1868 he was in Rome, where he
illustrated A. Wey's 'Journey to Rome,' with
twenty-seven drawings of the modem city, and
painted several good portraits and pictures of
horses. In 1868 he went to 5p^ii, where he
painted his famous portrait of Marshal Prim, and
copied the ' Lanzas ' of Velasquez. From Spain
Regnault went to Tangiers, to which he took a
strong liking, but in 1869 returned to Rome. In
1870 he was again in Africa, but was recalled to
his own country by the Franco-German War, in
which he was killed at the . attack on Buzenval
towards the evening of January 19th, 1871. No
one saw him fall, but next day the driver of an
ambulance found his body, which had the last
honours paid to it eight days later in the church
of St. Augustin. Works :

Portrait of the Comtesse B — — . 1869.

Portrait of Marshal Prim. 1869. Paris, Louvre.

Execntiou in the Alhambra. do, do.

Salom^. 1870.

La Madrilene, Water-colour. Paris, Luxemlxmrg Museum.

Paysan de la Manche. do.

The Alhambra ; entrance to the Hall of the Two Sisters.

The Alhambra ; interior of the Hall of the Two Sisters.

do. ; and a series of fifteen sketches presented by V.

Eegnault, Member of the Institute.

REGNAULT, ^tiennb, born in Paris, 1649, a
painter of little note, who became a member of the
Academy in 1703. He died in 1720.

REGNAULT, Jean Baptiste, historical pahiter,
was born in Paris in 1754. When he was ten
years old his father took him a voyage to America
and Africa on board a merchant vessel. He was
away four years. When he was fifteen, he went to
Rome, where he studied under Bardin, and then
to Paris, where in 1776, with his ' Alexander at the
House of Diogenes,' he won the Prix de Rome. Re-
turning to Paris from Rome he was elected Fellow
of the Academy in 1783, with his ' Deliverance of
Andromeda.' His pictures are numerous, and consist
of historical, poetical, and allegorical subjects. Of
these Gabet has given a tolerably long list in his
' Dictionnaire des Artistes de I'ficole Pran9ais6, au
XIX" siecle,' but says that it is confined to his
principal productions. At his death, in addition
to his pictures, he left numerous academical studies,
designs, and finished sketches ; many of the latter
illustrative of Ovid's Metamorphoses, and other
poets. As a teacher Regnault was the great rival
of David. Among his scholars were Gulrin,
Crespin, Robert le Febvre, Menjaud, Lafitte, Bois-
selier, Blondel, and many others. Regnault died
in Paris in 1829. Works :

The Baptism of Christ ; Louvre.

The Education of Achilles ; the same.

The Descent from the Cross ; the same.

Pygmalion begging Venus to animate his statue ; the

The Origin of Painting ; the same.

The Three Graces.




The Judgment of Paris.

Venus on the Clouds.

Portrait of a Young "Woman ; Orleans Museum.

EEGNAULT, Nicolas Pbanqois, a French
painter and engraver, was born in Paris in 1749.
His wife Genevieve {nee Nangis) engraved a few
plates after her own and her husband's designs.
Among Eegnault's plates may be named :

Le Tceu de la Nature ; from his own design.
The Fountain of Love ; after Fragonard.
Truth and Tenderness ; after Lagrenie.

EEGNAULT, Thomas Casimie, a French painter
and line-engraver, was born at Bayeux in 1823.
He was a pupil of De Juine and of Henriquel-
Dupont, and is best known by his engraved por-
traits, among which are those of Voltaire, Made-
moiselle Mars, and the painter Meissonier, the last
after a miniature painted by Eegnault himself.
He died in Paris in 1871.

REGNB, — , a native of France, who flourished
about the year 1760. Among other prints he
engraved a set of plates of animals, which are
neatly executed.

EEGNESSON, Nicolas, a French draughtsman
and engraver, was born at Rheims about 1625.
There are by this artist a considerable number of his-
torical portraits engraved from his own drawings,
and after Philippe de Champaigne, Beaubrun, Fran-
9ois Chauveau, &c., besides compositions after other
painters. He was the master of Eobert Nanteuil,
who married one of his sisters. His daughter
Madeleine became the wife of Gerard Edelinok.
He died in Paris in 1670.

EEGNIEE, Fbans, an obscure' Dutch portrait
painter, who was at work in the Hague in 1776.

EEGNIER, Jacques Augusts, landscape painter,
born in Paris, 1787. He was a pupil of Bertin.
For more than forty years he exhibited landscapes
at the Salon, and was often premiated. Two
paintings by him decorate the chapel of St. Denis,
in the church of Saint Eoch, at Paris, and another
is in the Palace at Fontainebleau. Eegnier's last
years were passed in poverty and neglect, and he
committed suicide by drowning, in the Canal
de rOurcq, in Paris, in 1860. Among his better
works we may also name : ' The Tomb of King
Arthur,' a ' Joan of Arc,' and a ' Chartreuse en
Auvergne ' (1837), in the Museum of Toulouse.

EEGNIER, Jean, a Belgian painter of interiors
and of genre pictures, practising in 1853. He was
professor at the Industrial School at Verviers.

EEGOLIRON, Bernaedo, an Italian portrait
painter, practising in the second half of the 18th
century, was a pupil of P. P. Cristofani. At
Vienna there are portraits by him of the Emperor
Joseph II. and of his brother Leopold.

REGTEES, TiBOU'i', portrait painter, born at
Dordrecht, 1710. He was the pupil successively
of Ten Hage at Arnheim, of Meyer at Eotterdam,
and of Quinkhard at Amsterdam. He died at
Amsterdam in 1768. In the Eyks Museum there
is a portrait by him of the historian Jan Wagenaar,
and one of the painter Jan Ten Compe.

EEHBERG, Feibdrich, historical painter, born
in Hanover in 1758, studied first with Oeser in
Leipzig, then with Casanova and Schenau in
Dresden, and went in 1777 to Rome, where he
studied the old masters under Mengs, and measured
himself with David. In 1783 he returned to Han-
over, painted several portraits, became teacher of
drawing in Dessau in 1784, in 1786 Fellow, and in
1787 Professor of the Berlin Academy, and then
A A 2

returned to Rome. There he painted a ' Belisarius,'
an ' CEdipus and Antigone,' ' The Death of Abel,'
' Bacchus,' ' Orpheus and Eurydice,' ' Jupiter and
Venus.' In 1791 he went to Naples and made a
series of drawings from Lady Hamilton, which
were published. In 1813 he went to London, and
in 1814 painted an allegory of Napoleon's fall. In
the same year he returned for a time to Eome, but
eventually settled in Munich, where he published,
in 1824, 'Eaffael Sanzio von Urbino;' the Ele-
ments of Lithographic Drawing (' Anfangs griinde
des Steinzeichners '), with thirteen of his own litho-
graphs. Eehberg died at Munich the 20th August,

EEICH, Wendel, was an engraver on wood, who,
about the year 1516, flourished at Lyons, where he
published several cuts marked with a W. and an
E. joined together. We cannot, however, specify
any of them. He was also a bookseller, and lived
at Strasburg in 1540. Bartsch (' Peintre-Graveur,'
ix. 170) has described a print bearing his cipher,
supposed to be by him.

REICHEL, Jakob, in the first part of this cen-
tury was working as a miniature painter at St.
Petersburg, and painted portraits of the Emperor
Alexander I., the Empress Marie, and most of the
principal personages of the empire. He died at
Brussels in 1866.
REICHENBACH, Lud. von. See Simanowitz.
REIOHENTHAL, Ulrich von, a writer of the
15th century, who illustrated a ' History of the
Council of Constance,' which he himself wrote,
with a number of well-executed paintings in

REICHMANN, Georg Peiedeich, painter, born
at Munden in 1798, went through the campaign of
1813-1815, and then went to the Academy at
Cassel. In 1821 he went to Munich, where he
made himself a name with his ' CEdipus and Anti-
gone.' He afterwards devoted himself to portrait-
painting, and produced among others a portrait
of the Duchess of Cambridge. He died at Han-
over in 1853.

EEIGLER, Paul, landscape painter, practising
in Belgium about 1845. He was a pupil of the
Spa School of Painting.

REIGNIER, Jean, flower painter, was born at
Lyons, August 3, 1815. He was a pupil of
the Lyons school of art, and until 1846 employed
his talents in designing for the silk manufacturers.
Afterwards he turned his attention to fine art, and
in 1864 became a professor in the school in which
he had been a pupil. He formed many scholars.
His flower-pieces and fan-paintingsare very clever,
though a little stiff and academical. Reignier had
much oflScial recognition. He died in 1885.

REIMER, Geoeg, painter, produced small cabinet
pictures and died in Berlin in 1866. His best
known work is ' Before the Sermon.'

REINAGLE, George Philip, marine painter,
son of Richard Ramsay Reinagle, and grandson of
Philip Reinagle, was born in 1802, and instructed by
his father. He gave early proofs of great talent as
a painter of marine subjects. After successfully
copying pictures by Everdingen, Backhuysen, and
William van de Velde, he accompanied the expedi-
tion to Navarino, for the express purpose of giving
a representation of the expected action, and was
also with Admiral Napier's Fleet in the action with
the Portuguese. His worts cause regret at the
shortness of his career. He died in London in





REINAGrLE, Philip, a landscape, animal, and
panoramic painter, bom in 1749, was a scholar of
Allan Ramsay, the court painter, whom he assisted
in his ofBcial portraits of George III. and Queen
Charlotte. It is recorded that on one occasion
Ramsay left England for some months, and deputed
Reinagle to paint fifty pairs of ' Kings and Queens '
at ten guineas a-piece. This task was duly per-
formed, bnt it disgusted Reinagle with portrait
painting, and he turned his attention to the study
of animals, with which he succeeded to admiration.
His pictures of hunting subjects, sporting dogs
(particularly the spaniel), shaggy ponies, and dead
game, were among the best of the day. He studied
rather the manner of the old Dutch painters than
that of his contemporaries, and was an excellent
copyist of their works, and many pictures now
called Paul Potter, A. van de Velde, Berchem,
Karel du Jardin, &c., were really painted by him.
He assisted Barlter, too, in his panoramic Views
of Rome, the Bay of Naples, Florence, Gibraltar,
Algesiras Bay, and Paris. The work by which
he is best known, however, is ' The Sportsman's
Cabinet,' or correct delineations of the various dogs
used in the sports of the field, taken from life, and
engraved by John Scott. Reinagle was elected
A.R.A. in 1787, and R.A. in 1812. He died at
Chelsea in 1833.

REINAGLE, Ramsay Richard, an English
animal and landscape painter, born in 1776. He
was the son of P. Reinagle, by whom he was
instructed, completing his art training in Italy
and Holland. He exhibited at the Water-Colour
Society, of which he was a member from 1806 to
1813. In the following year he was elected an
Associate of the Academy, becoming a full member
in 1823. His later years were clouded by his
enforced retirement from the Academy, which was
brought about by liia exhibiting, as his own, a
picture which he had only purchased. This took
place in 1848. He afterwards sank into poverty,
and was generously treated by the Academy, on
the funds of which he became a pensioner. He
died at Chelsea in 1862. Amongst his works are :

London. IBridgewater House. Landscape.
„ Grosvenor House. Landscape.

South Kensington. Museum. Eydal Mountains.

„ „ Three landscapes in

Edinburgh. National Gallery. A very fine copy of the

' Coup de Lance,' by

REINDEL, Albert Christoph, a German en-
graver, was born at Nuremberg in 1784. He was
apprenticed to Heinrioh Guttenberg in 1798, and
worked from 1803 to 1809 under his direction in
Paris. In 1821 he was entrusted with the restora-
tion of the baths at Nuremberg, in which he
acquitted himself very well. In 1811 he was ap-
pointed director of the school of art in Nurem-
berg, keeper of the picture gallery, and a member
of the Munich Academy. He died at Nuremberg
in 1853. His chief plates are :

The Virgin and Child ; after Leonardo da Vinci.
Charlemagne ; after Surer.
The Four Apostles ; after the same.
The Shrine of St. Sebald ; after P. Vischer.
Louis I., King of Bavaria ; after Stieler.
Silence ; after Annibale Carracci.
St. Paul preaching ; after Le Sueur,
Diirer ; after Rauch.
Madonna ; after a Nuremberg woo'lcut.
Christ blessing Little Children ; after Heinric'i Hess.

REINER, Wenzel Lorenz, bom at Prague in
1686, and son of Joseph Reiner, a sculptor of little
note, by whom he was instructed in the rudi-
ments of design: he also took lessons of Peter
Brandel, a painter of some reputation, and of
Schweiger. By the assistance of this master, and
the study of nature, Reiner became a painter of
some repute. His talents were not confined to
any particular branch, and he painted with con-
siderable success historical subjects, landscapes,
and battles. His best productions, however, were
landscapes with cattle, and battle-pieces, in which
he resembles Peter van Bloemen. His figures and
animals are correctly drawn, and handled with
freedom and spirit. His works are chiefly con-
fined to his own country, where they are found
in the best collections. He died in 1743. Works:
Dresden. Gallery. The Campo Vacoiuo, Borne.

„ „ Golden House of Nero, and

Barberini Fountain, Eome.

REINERMANN, Anna Maeqakethe, wife of
Friedrioh Christian Reinermann, lived from 1781
to 1855, and painted flowers and fruit in oil and
water-colour. Her maiden name was Hollenbach.

REINERMANN, Feibdhich Christian, bom at
Wetzlar in 1764, received his first instruction in
Frankfort from Nothnagel, and then went to study
in 1789 in the Gallery of Cassel, after Potter,
Berchem, and Claude Lorraine. He also visited
Rome, and lived in Switzerland for ten years,
where he painted several landscapes. From 1803
to 1811 he worked in Frankfort, from 1811 to
1818 in Wetzlar, and then again in Frankfort.
He died at Frankfort in 1835. Works :

The Cascades at Tivoli.


An Animal piece ; after H. Eoos.

Goats on the Apennines ; a.fter Berchem.

Study of a Horse ; after Wouwerma-n.

Several Views in the Neighbourhood of the Moselle ;
in aquatint, after his own drawings.

REINHARD, Anna Maria. See Kustek, Jo-
HANN Kaspae,

REINHARDT, Emilie, born at Amsterdam,
1809, was a flower painter, and a pupil of Pierre
Joseph Redouts.

REINHARDT, Karl Aughst, painter, bom at
Leipzig in 1818, was originally destined for the
Church, but turned his talents to art. He travelled
through Norway, the Tyrol, and Italy, but after-
wards abandoned landscape for caricature, and
produced humorous pen and ink sketches for the
comic papers. He died at Kotzsohenbroda, near
Dresden, in 1877.

REINHARDT, Ludwig, an obscure painter of
genre pictures, who committed suicide at Munich
in 1870.

REINHARDT, Sophia, born at Kirchberg in
1776, studied under Becker, and travelled through
Italy, Austria, and Hungary. In the Kunsthalle
at Carlsruhe, are a ' St. Elizabeth and the infant St.
John,' ' The Death of St. Katharine of Siena,'
and ' Death of Torquato Tasso ' by her. She died
in 1843.

REINHART, Hans, called Grieningeb, a printer
and engraver of the 15th and 16th centuries, who
flourished at Strasburg, was a native of Grtinin-
gen in Wiirtemberg. He engraved the plates for
several works, among which were : Brandt's ' The
Ship of Fools,' 1497; Jerome of Brunswick's
'Book of Surgery'; Terence, 1496; Boccaccio's
' Cento Novelle,' 1519 ; Adelphus's ' Barbarossa,'




1520 ; Virgil, with two hundred plates, 1502 ;
Ptolemy's G-eography, with forty-seven wood-cuts,
1522. His works show him to have been a pupil
of Martin Schongauer.

REINHART, Johann Christian, a German
landscape painter, born at Hof (Upper Franconia)
in 1761. When young, he studied theology at
Leipsic, but preferring to devote himself to art,
became a scholar of Oeser. About 1785 he made
the acquaintance of the Duke of Meiningen, who
invited him to his court, where he painted both
portraits and landscapes. In 1789 he settled at
Rome, where he became one of the pioneers and
most influential spirits in the so-called regeneration
of German art. In 1825 he painted a room in the
Villa Massimi, with eight historical landscapes
in tempera, and four years later four large tempera
landscapes for King Ludwig of Bavaria. Rein-
hart fell into reduced circumstances in his latter
years, and died at Rome in 1847. The following
are some of his pictures :

Frankfort. Stddel Gall, Landscape, Cain and Abel,
Grotha. Gallery. Landscape. 1816.

Leipsic. Museum. Landscape, Cupid and Psyche.

„ „ Landscape, Hypsipyle.

Munich. Finakothek. Landscape. 1846.

He devoted considerable attention to aquatint
engraving, and published several volumes of
plates. The chief of these are :

Thierstudien, in Bom gezeichnet und radirt.
Italienische Landschaften.
Alte Grabmaler.

REINHEIMER, Ursula Magdalbna, painter,
born at Nuremberg. She was the daughter of
Maria Prestel {q. u), and practised for some time
in London, painting landscape, portrait, and
flower pieces. She afterwards settled at Brussels,
where she died in 1845. She also engraved a few
plates in aquatint.

REINHOLD, Peiedeich Philipp, landscape
painter, born at Gera in 1799, worked at the
Academy in Vienna, in which city he took up his
residence. His principal works are, 'A land-
scape with thunder-clouds ; ' 'A landscape with
the Wandering Jew,' a very original work ; two
pictures, ' Death and Life,' ' The Reapers at their
Meal.' He died between 1840 and 1843.

REINHOLD, Heinbioh, brother of Friedrich
Reinhold, painter and engraver, born at Gera in
1789, went from Dresden, where he first studied,
to his brother in Vienna, where he visited the
Academy, and then in 1809 to Paris, to Denon, for
whom he engraved several plates for his work on
Napoleon's campaigns. In 1819 he returned to
Vienna, and in 1820 travelled with an English
family to Italy, and settled in Rome, where he
painted heroic landscapes. Reinhold died at
Albano in 1825. Works:
Berlin. National Gall. A Sicilian Coast Scene.
Copenhagen. Thor- \ „ ■ ^, nesBrf;

waldsen Museum. ] ^^^ar m tbe Uesert.

„ „ The Good Samaritan.

tHam.cii.lSfewPindkoihek. The Garden of the Capuchins
at Sorrento.

REINICK, RoBEBT, painter, born at Dantzig in
1805, studied first at Berlin under Begas ; worked
at Diisseldorf from 1831 to 1838, then went to
Italy, and finally settled in Dresden. He was
also a poet, and issued several songs with illus-
trations, besides a few books for children. He
died at Dresden in 1852.

REINIGER, Ernst, a landscape painter, was
a native of Stiittgart. He was very ready with his
brush, and his pictures were fresh and natural.
He died at Munich in 1873. Works :

The Maderanerthal.

The Ramsau.

Miihlthal, on the Stamberger See.

REINSPERGER, Johann Cheistoph, a Ger-
man painter and engraver, bom at Nuremberg in
1711, was a scholar of Liotard, and practised for
some time at Vienna. He painted portraits, some
of which he has engraved in a coarse, heavy style,
nearly as large as life, among which are :

The Empress Dowager, Elizabeth Christiana.
Joseph II. , Emperor of Germany ; after Palko.
Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria ; after Liotard,
The Archduke Leopold of Tuscany ; after Palko.

He also engraved a plate of 'The Lute-player,'
after Bernardo Strozzi. He died at Vienna in

REISEN, Chakles Christian, the well-known
medallist and seal engraver, was born in London
about 1680. He merits a place here through his-
abilities as a draughtsman, and the work he did as
Director of Kneller's school. He was much em-
ployed for foreign patrons, in seal engraving, and
greatly helped by the Earl of Oxford. He lived in
the neighbourhood of Covent Garden, but also had
a house at Putney. He was a large collector of
medals, books, and drawings. He died December
16, 1725, and was buried in St. Paul's, Covent

REITER, Baetolomk, a painter and engraver
of Munich, flourished during the first quarter of
the 17th century. He was a scholar of Hans
Ostendorfer the younger, and of one Hennenberger,
and, traditionally, one of the best painters of
Munich in his time ; it is also said that he had
many pupils. In the chapel in Unter Ammergau is
a picture of St. Vitus, signed B. R. F. 1618. He
died at Munich in 1622. The following is a list
of Reiter's prints, on which his reputation must
now rest :

1. Christ holding the Globe in His right hand.

2. Christ seated, crowned with thorns ; Bartlme Seitter
— Pictor. Inv. Monachij 1615.

3. Christ carrying His Cross, group of half-length figures ;

Georg BeKam inv. MonacMi. Bart. Better fee. 1610.

4. Christ exposed to the People ; inscribed Micce Sojiu).
Bart. Reiter pictor Jiyur. Monachij X612 fee.

5. The Holy Family with St. Francis or St. Jerome,
half-figures, a copy after PalmJi, with both mono-

6. St. Jerome sitting in a Cavern, half-figure, the lion
on the left : signed BaH. Reytter pictor inv. et excud.
There is an impression signed Bartholome Seuter.

7. A Nymph sitting in the lap of a Satyr, Cupid at their
feet ; Bart. Better fee. Monachij 1610.

8. Venus holding a Mu:ror, and seated with Cupid under

a Tree, half figures; Georg. Beeham inv. B. Eeyter
fee. 1610.

9. Neptune on a Sea-Horse holJiing his Trident ; Georg
Beham inv. Monachy, with Belter's mark, and the date

10. A Child seated on a Skull and blowing Bubbles ; B.

B. F. Monachi Zimmermann Exeud.
11 — 18. Eight prints, a series of nalied Children in

different positions ; marked B. E.

REITZ, E., a native of Sweden, flourished about
the year 1700. He engraved several plates of

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 93 of 201)