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Dictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical online

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1792, he died.

Sir Joshua was buried in St. Paul's, close by the
tomb of Sir Christopher "Wren. He left the whole
of his property, after certain legacies had been
paid, to his niece, Miss Palmer, afterwards the
Marchioness of Thomond. The value of her
inheritance has been estimated at £100,000.

The following includes most of Reynolds's best
known and more accessible works :

Oopeuhagen. Christian- > portrait of a Man.

bora. '
Dublin. 2Vat. Gallery.


Edinburgh. Nat. Gal.


Liverpool. Walker Gal
London. Nat. Gallery.

Portrait of Lord Mount Edg-

Sketch of a Knight in Armour.

Mother and Sick Child.

Sketch for the Death of Car-
dinal Beaufort.

The Prophet Samuel.

Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic
Muse. (Eeplieaofthe^yicture
at Grosvenor House.)

Portrait of himself.

■Unfinished portrait of Edmund

„ Portrait of Sir David Lindsay.

„ Portraits of Sir Thomas Miller

of Barskimming and his wife.
{Deposited on loan.)
Gallery. Death of Cleopatra.

Sketch for 'Miss Linley as
St. Cecilia.'
„ Two Male portraits.

Two Female portraits.

Portrait of Mrs. Bower.

The Holy Family.

The Graces decorating a Term
of Hymen.

A Man's Head in profile.

The Banished Lord.





London. Nat. Gallery. Portrait of Lord Heathfield.
„ „ Portrait of Lord Ligonier.

,, „ Tlie Infant Samuel.

„ „ Angels' Heads. {Studies from

Frances Isabella, daughtei' of

Lord William Gordon.)
„ „ Portrait of Sir Abraham

Hume, Bart.
„ „ The Age of Innocence.

„ „ Portrait of Captain Orme.

„ „ Portraits of Two Gentlemen.

„ „ The Snake in the Grass. {Feel

Collection. )
„ „ Portrait of Admiral Keppel.

„ „ „ Dr. Johnson. {Do.)

Boswell. {Do.)
„ „ „ George IV. as

Prince of "Wales.
„ „ „ A Lady. {Do.)

„ ,. Eobinetta. {Do.)

„ „ Portrait of himself. {Do.)

„ „ Portrait of himself . {Deposited

by the Dilettante Society.)
„ „ Two Portrait Groups of Mem-

bers of the Dilettante So-
ciety. {Do.)
„ Portrait of himself.

1 1 Portrait of Lord Ashburton.

National Foi'trait

South Kensincj-

ton Museum.

Soane Museum.

„ Fjoyal AcadeMy,

„ City Gallery.

„ Buckingham Fal.
„ Grosvenor Rouse.

„ Montague House.

„ Devonshire House.

Holland House.


J „ Lord Bath.

„ Sir "W". Blacbstone.
., Admiral Boscawen.
„ Lord Camden.
„ Sir "W. Chambers.
„ Duke of Cumber-
„ Admiral Keppel.
„ Lord Lansdowne.
„ Edmund Burke.
„ Sir W. Hamilton.
„ W. Windham.
„ Edmund Malone.
„ Himself.
) Portrait of Mrs. Thomas "Whet-
j ham. 1757.
The Snake in the Grass. {Re-
plica from tile collection of
Lady Thomond.)
Portrait of himself.

„ Sir W. Chambers.
Theory. {Fainted sketch for
ceiling in Eoyal Academy's
old room, Somerset House.)
Portrait of Giuseppe Marchi.
„ Francis Hayman.
„ George III. and
Queen Charlotte.
Portrait of Lord Camden.

„ Thomas Tomkins.
Cymou and Iphigenia.
Death of Dido.
Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic

Portrait group of a Mother and

Portrait of Elizabeth, Duchess

of Buccleuch.
Portrait of the fourth Duke

Portrait of Georgiana, Duchess

of Devonshire.
Portrait of Lord Biohard

Portrait of the Duke of Cum-
A Group of Satirical Portraits,
Portrait of Margaret Geor-
giana, Countess Spencer.
Lady Betty Forster, afterwards

Duchess of Devonshire.

Portrait of Joseph Baretti.
Portrait of Lady Caroline Fox,
afterwards Lady Holland.

Spencer House.

Stafford House.

Oxford. Unii>. Gallery.

London. Bndciewater \ ^ p^mily Portrait.

Portrait of Lady Bayham,

afterwards Lady Camden.
Portrait of Lavinia Bingham,

Lady Spencer, and her son.
Portrait of the second Earl
Spencer, in his seventeenth
Lord Althorp, at the age of

Richard Burke.
Lady Anne Bingham.
Lavinia Bingham, when Lady

Margaret Georgiana, Lady
Spencer, and her daughter,
■William, fifth Duke of Devon-
Hope nursing Love.
Portrait of Lawrence Sterne.
„ Sleeping GirL

Hertford House \ Miss Bowles.
{Sir li. Wallace). J Mrs. Braddyl.

„ Mrs. Eobinson (' Perdita ').

„ Nelly O'Brien.

„ The Strawberry Girl.

{Replicas in the possession of
Lord Lansdovme and Colonel
Copley Wray.)
Charity. {Study for the New

College Window?)
Sketch portrait of Admiral

Portrait of the Eev. Joseph

Portrait of Mrs. Meyrick.
Portrait of James Paine, archi-
tect, and his son.
Study of a Head. {Fainted
from White, the paviaur, who
sat for the tXgolino.)
The Snake in the Grass.
Hercules strangling the Ser-

„ „ The Continence of Scipio.

John, third Earl of Bute, and his Secretary, W. Jenkin-
son, afterwards Lord Liverpool. (Marquis of Bute's
Another portrait of the third Lord Bute. (2)o.)
Mary "Wortley Montague, Countess of Bute. [Do.)
Mrs. Abington in the character of ' Miss Prue.' {Lord

Mrs. Pelham feeding Chickens. {Earl of Yarboronigh.)
Mrs. Nesbitt as ' Circe.' {Dow. Lady Stanley of Aider-
Miss Theophila (Offie) Palmer. {E. W. Currie, Esq.)
The Three Sisters "Waldegrave.
Nymph and Boy. {Dow. Lady Castletown of Vpper-

Anthony Chamier, M.P. for Tamworth, one of the
original members of The Club. (A. W. MacDougall,
Lord Henry and Lady Charlotte Spencer (The Young

Fortune-TeUers.) {Duke of Marlborough.)
Group of the Marlborough Family. {Do?)
Crossing the Brook (Miss Cholmondeley, afterwards
• Lady Bellingham). {Mrs. Buchanan Eiddell.)
The Infant Academy. {L,ord Mount Temple.)
Girl and Dog (Hou. Frances Harris, afterwards Lady

Frances Cole). {Earl of Darnley.)
The Calling of Samuel. {Do.)
Felina. {Earl of Feversham.)
The Hon. Mrs. Seymour Darner. {Earl of Fortarling-

Mrs. (' Perdita ') Eobinson. (Earl Granville.)
■Warren Hastings. {Lord Northwick.)
James, thirteenth Earl of ErroU. {Earl ofEiroll.)
Mrs. Thrale and her Daughter. {Dow. Lady Ash-

Maria 'Walpole, Duchess of Gloucester. {Earl of

Mrs. Hartley and her Child. {Earl of Northhrook)
David Garrick as Kitely. {Louis Huth, Esq.)

Petersburg. Hermitage,




Lady Gertrude Fitz-Patrick ' La Collina.' {JDow. Lady
Castletown of Up^er-Ossmy.)

The second Marquis of Eockingham. {Earl of Hard-

Angelica KaufEman, E.A. {B. Fa^on Watson, Esq.)

The Gleaners, ' Macklin Family picture.' {Rolert Gos-
ling, Esq.)

"William Beckford, Esq., M.P. {Duke of Hamilton:)

Elizabeth Gunning, Duchess successively of Hamilton
and Argyle. (JDo.)

Lord Mayor Beckford. {Do.)

The second Marquis of Rockingham and Edmund
Burke, his secretary; unfinished. (&>■ Frtderick
Leighton, Bart., P.R.A.)

Portrait of the Eev. Zachariah Mudge. {Mrs. Gwathin. )

Lady Cookbum and her Children.

Master Crewe.

Mrs. Payne Gallwey.

Oliver Goldsmith.

Garrick between Tragedy and Comedy.

Studies for New College Window. (Lord Iformanton.)

Omai, the Otaheitan. (Earl of Carlisle.)

Girl with a Muff. (Marquis of Zansdowtie.)

Hope nursing Love. (Do.)

Mrs. Sheridan as St. Cecilia. [Do.)

Ugolino and his Sous in the Tower.

The Death of Cardinal Beaufort. (Earl of Leconjield.)

Master Yorke.

Mrs. Baldwin.

Miss Penelope Boothby.

The Masters Gawler.

Puck. (Fainted for the Bm/ddl Gallery^)

Nymph and Piping Shepherd. ( W. C. Quilter, Esq.)

In the winter of 1883-4 an exhibition of 231
pictures by Sir Joshua was held at the Grosvenor
Gallery, at which most of the more notable pictures
in this list were hung.

About seven hundred plates have been engraved
after Reynolds, by McArdell, J. R. Smith, Valentine
Green, J. Watson, T. Watson, E. Fisher, J. Dixon,
R. Houston, W. Dickenson, J. Jones, G. Marchi,
Sharp, Doughty, Haward, Sherwin, and Samuel

' The Life of Sir Joshua Reynolds ; ' by James North-
cote. 2 vols. 8vo. 1818.
' Memoir of Sir Joshua Reynolds ; ' by J. Farington.

8vo. 1819.
' Life and Times of Sir Joshua Reynolds ; ' by C. R.

Leslie and Tom Taylor. 2 vols. 8vo. 1865.
' The Vorks of Sir Joshua Reynolds, &c. ; ' edited, &c.
by Edmond Malone, with a Memoir. 3 vols. 8vo.
' The Literary Works of Sir J. Reynolds ; ' edited, &c. by
Henry William Beeohy, with a Memoir. 2 vols. 8vo.
' The Graphic Works of Sir J. Reynolds ; ' by S. W.
Reynolds. 4 vols. fol. 1820-38. Combination of
do. 1864, et seq.
' A Catalogue of the Portraits painted by Sir Joshua

Reynolds ; ' by William Cotton. 8vo. 1857.
' Life and Times of Sir J. Reynolds ; ' ' Quarterly Re-
view,' Nos. 238 and 239 (April and May, 1866).
' Reynolds and the Portrait Painters of the last century.'

' Blackwood's Magazine,' No. 625 (November, 1867).
' Some account of the ancient Borough Town of Plymp-

ton St. Maurice ; ' by W. Cotton. 8vo. 18.59.
' English Children as painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds ; '

by F. 6. Stephens. 4to. 1866.
' A Descriptive Catalogue of all the Prints, &c., after

Sir J. B. ; ' by B. Wheatley.
'The Artistic Development of Reynolds and Gains-
borough ; ' by W. M. Conway (London, 1886).
REYNOLDS, Samuel William, an engraver in
mezzotint, was descended from a family who
possessed property in the West Indies, and was
bom in London in 1773. He studied in the schools
of the Academy, and was a pupil of Charles
Howard Hodges. His works are very numerous
in portraits", and in historical and fancy subjects,
chiefly after pictures by modem painters. He

engraved, on a reduced scale, upwards of three
hundred portraits and compositions by Sir Joshua
Reynolds, which were published in three folio
volumes. He also engraved many portraits cf
distinguished persons, after Dance, Northcote,
Jackson, Edridge, Owen, Dawe, and Phillips.
The best of these are Reginald Heber, Bishop of
Calcutta, and other prelates of the English Church,
after Owen ; and Lady Georgiana Agar Ellis,
after Jackson, which was intended as a pendant
to the 'Chapeau de Poil,' also engraved by him
after the picture by Rubens in the National
Gallery. In 1826 he went to Paris, and during
his stay there he engraved several plates after
Horace Vernet, G^ricault, Delaroche, and Dubufe.
Reynolds was also a skilful draughtsman of land-
scape, and made numerous sketches in oil ; of
these there is a good example at South Kensington.
He also gave lessons in drawing to the daughters
of George III. The distinguished engraver, Samuel
Cousins, was one of his pupils. He died in
London in 1836. His second daughter, Eliza-
beth, who married William Walker, the engraver,
was a good painter of miniatures. The following
are his chief plates :

Jacob's Dream ; after Salvator Rosa.

Lot and his Daughters ; after A. van der Werff.

The Judgment of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram ; after

Maria Gosway.
The Preservation of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego;

after the same.
The Massacre of the Innocents ; after Leon Goignet,
The Crucifixion ; after Frud'hon.
Cymon and Iphigenia ; after Sir Joshua Reynolds.
The Death of Dido ; after the same.
Filippo Lippi enamoured of the Nun his Model ; after

Raphael and the Fomarina; after Sehastiano del
' Fiomho.
Joan of Arc, in prison ; after Delaroche.
The Four Martyrs — Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley, and

Bradford ; after Herbert.
The Nun before the Judges of the Inquisition ; after

The Finding of the Body of Tippoo Sultan ; after Sir

B. K. Porter.
The Escape of Count de La Valette; after Horace

Napoleon at St. Helena ; after the same.
Mazeppa ; after the same.
The Wreck of the Medusa ; after Giricault.
Ann Page and Slender ; after Dubufe.
Don Quixote ; after Fonington.
The Grandmother ; after the same.
Children surprised by a Storm ; after Delaroche.
The Furze Cutter ; afier J. Barmy.
The Saltarello in Rome ; after Mme. Haudeiourt-Lescot.
The Visit of the Poor Relations ; after Stephanoff.
The Sisters ; after Robertson.
The Five Senses, five plates ; after Dubufe.
Lion and Snake ; Vulture and Lamb, two plates ; after

The Fisherman's Dog ; after Moreland.
The Setters ; after the same.


George III., profile.

George IV.

Princess of Wales and Princess Charlotte ; after Mana

Leopold I., King of the Belgians ; after Dawe.
Maria II. da Gloria, Queen of Portugal ; after Fowler.
Earl Howe, full-length ; after Singleton.
Admiral Lord Keith ; after Danloux.
Eight Hon. WiUiam Pitt ; after Sir Thomas Lawrence.
Eight Hon. William Dundas ; after Hoppner.
Eight Hon. WiUiam Windham ; after the same.
James Watt ; from a bust by Sir Francis Chantrey.
Captain Forbes ; after Northcote.
George Dance, E.A. ; after Sir Joshua Reynolds.





Thomas Girtin, water-oolonr painter; after Opie.
John OpiCj R.A. ; after the same.
Charles Smith, painter to the Great Mogul.
Pierre Jean de B6ranger, poet ; after Ary Scheffer.
Mile. Sontag, in ' Der Freischiitz ' ; after Gosse.
Miss Stephens as Susanna, in ' Le Nozze di Figaro ' ;
after the same.

EEYNOSA, Antonio Garcia. See Garcia Ret-


EEYNOUART, EDonAED, a French landscape
painter, born at Lille in 1802. He was a pupil
of LiSnard and Souclion. In 1842 he was appointed
Director of the Lille Museum, in the administration
of which he displayed great ability. He was
an officer of the Legion of Honour. His works
appeared but seldom at the Salon. He died at
Lille, from the results of an accident, in 1879.

KEYS, Jenny Augustine (nee Allais), bom
in Paris, 1798, a pupil of her mother and of Van
Spaendonck, practised fruit and flower painting.

RE YSSCHOOT, Anne Maeie van, born at Ghent,
1758, the daughter of Emmanuel Reysschoot, and
pupil of her brother Pieter Norbert. She married
Egide Deginant, and practised to a very advanced
age, painting genre pictures and bas-reliefs.

REYSSCHOOT, Emmanuel Pietee van, painter,
born at Ghent, 1713. In 1739 he became a member
of the Corporation of Painters, and on the occasion
of the sixth jubilee of St. Bernard, celebrated at
the Abbey of Bandeloo, near Ghent, in 1753, he
painted fourteen large pictures representing Christ,
the Virgin, and the Twelve Apostles. He died in

REYSSCHOOT, F. van, a Dutch engraver of the
18th century, was probably related to the artists
of the same name at Ghent. He engraved some
Buiall prints after Teniers, which are executed in
a very neat and spirited manner.

REYSSCHOOT, Pietee Jan van, the brother of
Emmanuel Reysschoot, was bom at Ghent. He
painted portraits and historical pictures, and visited
England, where he remained for some time, from
wliich circumstance he was known at home as
'The Englishman.' At Ghent, in the Augustine
church, there are twelve 'Apostles' by him. He
died at Ghent in 1772.

REYSSCHOOT, Pietee Noebeet van, painter,
son of Emmanuel Pieter Reysschoot, born at Ghent,
1738, the pupil of his father and of his uncle, and
first professor of perspective and architecture at
the Academy at Ghent in 1770. Throughout East
Flanders works by him are to be found in various
churches and convents. In the church of St.
Bavon, at Ghent, there are eleven paintings by
him in imitation of bas-reliefs in white marble.
He died in 1795.

REYTER. See Rbitee.

RHEEN, Theodoeus Justinus, painter, an
obscure artist, who practised at Amsterdam during
the first half of the 18th century. "When young
he studied in Italy under Trevisani. He obtained
a civil appointment in India, where he died.

RHEIN, Nicolas, engraver and painter, born in
1767 at Vienna, was a pupil of Jacobfe. He exe-
cuted several good works in mezzotint, principally
animal pieces ; such as, ' The Lion Ij'ing in wait,'
after a picture of his own ; ' The Mad Bull,' after
Casanova ; ' The Eagle,' after Hamilton ; ' The
Tigress,' after Rubens ; ' Hercules killing the
Lion,' after Rubens; and 'The Waterfall,' after
J. Vernet. He died in Vienna in 1819.

EHBLINGER, Welsee, a native of Germany,
executed a himdred and twenty wood-cuts, for


a German book entitled, 'Patricium Stirpium,
Augustanarum Vindelicum, et earundem sodali-
tatis insignia.' The principal figures are all repre-
sented on horseback, completely armed, with the
arms of their respective families on their shields.

RHENI, Remi van, a history painter, born at
Brussels in 1560, travelled through Germany, and
then became a pensioner of the Count de Volfes.
He died in 1619.

EHODEN, JoHANN Maetin von, landscape
painter, born at Cassel in 1778 (1782), went to
Rome in very early life, but returned in 1827 to
his own country as court painter. After a stay of
six years he returned to Rome, where he remained
for the rest of his life. In his landscapes of Italian
scenery he portrayed the vegetation in its full
splendour. He also painted ' The Villa of Hadrian '
and 'The Cloister of St. Benedict.' He died at
Rome in 1868.

RHODES, John, a landscape and animal painter,
born at Leeds in 1809, son of Joseph Rhodes, a
self-taught artist, who died in 1854. He was
brought up by his father, and painted rustic scenes
and groups of cattle. He went to London, where
he settled and, between 1832 and 1842, exhibited
at the Royal Academy and the British Institution,
but suffering from ill health, he returned to Leeds,
where he died in December, 1842.

RHODES, RiCHAED, an English line-engraver,
born in 1765. He worked for many years for
Charles Heath, and died in London in 1838. Speci-
mens of his work are to be found in ' Ancient Terra-
Cottas in the British Museum ' (1810).

RHOMBERG, Hanno, still-life painter, born at
Munich in 1820, was the son of the historical
painter, Joseph Anton Rhomberg, and received
his first instruction from his father. He then entered
the Munich Academy, and studied under Julius
Schnorr. He did not remain there long, but took
to painting portraits under Bernhardt, until a
fourth master, Enhuber, induced him to try genre
painting. The following pictures by him may be
cited — ' The Watchmaker,' in the Berlin National
Gallery ; ' The Boys going to School,' ' The Tight
Boot;-' and in the Pinakothek at Munich, "The
Sledge-Maker,' 'Two Boys trying to Smoke,' 'A
Boy purchasing a Bird.' He died in 1869.

RHOMBERG, Joseph Anton, an historical
painter, born at Dornbirn in the Tyrol in 1786.
Till he was twenty-two years of age he was
employed in farming, but in 1808 he went to the
Academy at Munich, and studied under Langer. In
1814, with his picture of ' The Sacrifice of Noah '
he gained the first prize. He settled in Munich, and
in 1827 was appointed professor of drawing at the
Polytechnic School. His works show very plainly
the influence of Langer. Among them may be
named, 'Rebecca at the Well,' 'Abraham enter-
taining the Angels,' ' The Zither-Player.' He died
at Munich in 1853.

EIBALTA, Feancisco de, a Spanish painter,
born at Castellon de la Plana between 1550 and
1560, was one of the greatest historical painters
of Spain. He studied first in Valencia. His life
affords a parallel to the courtship of Quentin Matsys.
While a student he fell in love wi^ his master's
daughter, and demanded her in marriage, but her
father refused his consent, alleging that he was
not sufiiciently advanced in his profession. Eibalta
and his mistress, however, agreed privately to
wait three or four years, and he immediately
departed for Italy, with the determination of per-




fecting himself by the study of the works of the
great masters there. He applied himself with
great assiduity to those of Raphael, Sebastiano del
Piombo, and the Carracci, and copied many of their
pictures, particularly those of Sebastiano. He
returned to his own country after an absenoe of
three years, and the first place he visited was
the atelier of his former master, the father of his
mistress. Finding the sketch of a picture on the
easel, he finished it and withdrew. On the return
of the old painter he expressed much surprise at
the excellence of the performance, and said to his
daughter, "How readily would I give you to a
painter of such ability as this, instead of that
dauber Eibalta." " My father," replied the lady,
"it is Bibalta that did it."

Eibalta acquired great reputation not only in
Valencia, where his best works are to be found,
but all over Spain. The College of Corpus Christi
is a perfect Museum of Ribaltas, the gem of which
is a ' Last Supper.' Eibalta also painted largely for
the different churches and museums throughout
Valencia. The Madrid Museum possesses by him
'The Body of Jesus Christ borne by two angels,'
and a ' San Francisco de Assisi.' Besides these we
may cite a ' Crucifixion,' the altar-piece in the
chapel of Magdalen College, Oxford, a 'Concep-
tion ' in S. Felipe Neri, and ' S. Antonius.' He
died at Valencia in 1628.

. EIBALTA, Juan db, the son of Francisco
Eibalta, born at Valencia in 1597, was instructed
by his father, and at the age of eighteen he painted
a 'Crucifixion' which he inscribed "Joannes Riialta
pingebat et invenit 18 cetatis suce anno 1615,"
a fine picture in composition, drawing, and colour.
He painted for Don Diego de Vich above thirty
portraits of illustrious persons in Valencia, which
De Vich at his death bequeathed to the Monastery
of St. Jerome. Of his other works we may name,
a ' St. Cecilia ' for the Monastery of La Murta, a
' Christ on the Gross ' for the Dominicans of S.
Catalina de Sena in Valencia. The Madrid Museum
possesses pictures of SS. John, Matthew, Mark,
and Luke, and a ' Singer with Music in his hand.'
Juan di Eibalta died in 1628, the same year as
his father.

EIBAULT, Athalie, was bom in Paris 1781.
She was a pupil of Lafitte, and practised portrait

EIBADLT, JnLlE, was bom at Fresnay, Prance,
in 1789, and was a pupil of Lafitte. She
painted portraits and genre pictures, among which
we may mention : ' Mignard painting Madame
de Maiilterion,' ' Piron at the Porte d'Auteuil.'

EIBAULT, J F , an historical engraver,

was born in Paris in 1767. He was a scholar of
Ingouf, and engraved ' Christ crowned with Thorns,'
after Titian ; ' Marcus Sextus,' after Guerin ; also
' Paris and CBnone,' after Vander-Werfif ; ' A Young
Lady playing on the Guitar,' after Metzu, besides
several other plates for the ' Collection du Mus^e
Napoleon,' published by Laurent and Eobillard.
He also engraved the heads of Bemardin de St.
Pierre, the poet Le Brun, the Empress Marie
Louise ; and a set of the costumes of the grand func-
tionaries of the French court. Eibault died in 1820.
EIBEEA, Ldiz A., painter, was practising at
Seville in the second part of the 17th century.
He was one of the artists who contributed in 1668
to the formation of the Seville Academy.

painter, born at Madrid in 1779, first studied under
VOL. 11. BB

Bayeu, and in the Academy of S. Fernando, but
afterwards went to Paris and become the pupil of
David. There he painted his ' Cinoinnatus,' which
is now in the Museum at Madrid. In course of
time he went to Eome, and in 1811 was appointed
painter to Carlos IV., and member of the Academy
of St. Luke ; and in 1820 honorary member of
the Academy of S. Fernando. In 1838 he was
made professor, and two years afterwards Director
of the Madrid Museum. He died at Madrid in
1860. Of his pictures we,may cite :
Aranjuez. Palace. Christ crowned with Thorns.

„ „ The Resarrection.

Madrid. Gallery. Wamba.

„ „ Allegory of Summer.

„ „ Allegory of Autumn.

„ „ Afternoon.

„ „ Night.

„ Palace. S. Fernando surrounded by

distinguished Spaniards {ceii-
Toledo. Cathedral. Portrait of Cardinal Ingranzo.

EIBEEA, Josef or Jusepb de, called Lo Spag-
NOLETTO, painter and engraver, born January 12,
1588, at Xativa (now San Felipe), near Valencia,
was the son of Luiz Ribera and of his<vife Mar-
garita. The Italians have claimed him as a com-
patriot, stating him to have been a native of Lecce
in the kingdom of Naples. The fact of his true
nationality has, however, long been established.
On the 'Bacchus,'- one of the finest of the few
engravings by him still extant, is the following
inscription : Joseph d, Rihera, Hispan'' Valenti'
Setah. f. Partenop : 16^8. His parents designed
him for the profession of letters, and with this idea
sent him to Valencia to acquire classical learning,
but he there became acquainted with Francisco
Eibalta, and abandoning all less congenial pursuits,
devoted himself to the study of art under that

Online LibraryMichael BryanDictionary of painters and engravers, biographical and critical → online text (page 96 of 201)