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FOREWORD.

This bulletin is the result of an increased public demand for biogra-
phies of American artists and other information relative to the growth
of art in America. An examination of the list of material to which
reference has been made will show the faithful work which has been
done by the compiler. Miss Helen L. Earle, of this department.

MARY C. SPENCER,

State Librarian.



266109



TABLE OF CONTENTS



Abbreviations - - 17

Bibliography - - — 239

Biographical sketches . 21

Etchers.- - - - — ._ 13

- 12

. -. 15

.. - .-._ 16

14

- 14

9

11



Illustrators. - -

Members of the Legion of Honor

Michigan artists. —

Miniature painters . ..

Mural painters and stained glass designers.

Painters —

Sculptors -



rORTR.VITS



John White Alexander

Edwin Austin Abbey

George Inness "

John LaFarge.... "

J. Gari Melchers "

Elizabeth Nourse "

Augustus Saint-Gaiidens. "

John Singer Sargent "

Henry Ossawa Tanner . "

James Abbott McNeill Whistler •'



Frontispiece

Facing Page. 21
115
127
145
158
186
188
207
231



PAINTERS



Abbey, Edwin Austin

Alexander, John White

Alls ton, Washington

Anschutz, Thomas Pollock

Armstrong, D. Maitland

Baker, Elizabeth Gowdy

Baker, Ellen Kendall

Barlow, Myron

Beaux, Cecilia

Beckwith, James Carroll

Belcher, Hilda

Bellows, George Wesley

Benson, Frank Weston

Bierstadt, Albert

Bisbing, H. Singleton

Blakelock, Ralph Albert

Blashfield, Edwin Rowland

Blum, Robert Frederick

Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard

Blumenschein, Mary Shepard Green

Bogert, George

Borglum, J, Gutzon M.

Bouguereau, Elizabeth Gardner

Bowen, Benjamin James

Breckenridge, Hugh Henry

Breuer, Henry Joseph

Bridges, Fidelia

Bridgman, Frederick Arthur

Browne, George Elmer

Brush, George DeForest

Carlsen, Emil

Carpenter, Francis Bickwell

Cassatt, Mary

Champney, James Wells

Chapman, John Gadsby

Chase, William Merritt

Church, Frederick Edwin

Church, Frederick Stuart

Clarke, Thomas Shields

Cole, Thomas

Coman, Charlotte Buell

Cooper, Colin Campbell



Cooper, Emma Lampert
Copley, John Singleton
Couse, Eanger Irving
Cowles, Genevieve Almeda
Cox, Kenyon
Cox, Louise
Crane, Bruce
Crowninshield, Frederic
Curran, Charles Courtney
Dabo, Leon
Dabo, Theodore Scott
Daingerfield, Elliott
Dannat, William T.
Da vies, Arthur B.
Davis, Charles Harold
Deakin, Edwin
Dearth, Henry Golden
DeCamp, Joseph Rodefer
DeHaven, Frank
DeKay, Helena
Deming, Edward Willard
Dessar, Louis Paul
Dewey, Charles Melville
Dewing, Maria Oakey
Dewing, Thomas Wilmer
Dillaye, Blanche
Dodson, Sarah Paxton Ball
Donoho, Gaines Ruger
Dougherty, Paul
Dufner, Edward
Dunlap, Mary Stewart
Duveneck, Frank
Eakins, Thomas
Eaton, Charles Harry
Eaton, Wyatt
Elliott, Charles Loring
Elliott, John
Enneking, John Joseph
P^arny, Henry
Fenn, Harry
Fisher, William Mark
Foote, Will Howe



10



Forbes, Edwin

Foster, Ben

Fournier, Alexis Jean

Fowler, Frank

Frieseke, Frederic Carl

Fromuth, Charles Henry

Fuller, George

Garber, Daniel

Gaul, William Gilbert

Gay, Walter

Genth, Lillian Matilda

Gibson, Charles Dana

Gies, Joseph W.

Giflford, Robert Swain

Glackens, William J.

Grayson, Clifford Provost

GroU, Albert Lorey

Gruppe, Charles Paul

Guerin, Jules

Gutherz, Carl

Haggin, Ben Ali

Harding, Chester

Harding, George

Harrison, Lovell Birge

Harrison, Thomas Alexander

Hassam, Childe

Hawthorne, Charles Webster

Healy, George Peter Alexander

Henri, Robert

Higgins, Eugene

Hitchcock, George

Homer, Winslow

Hopkin, Robert

Horton, William Samuel

Hovenden, Thomas

Howe, William Henry

Hubbell, Henrj' Salem

Hunt, William Morris

Hutchens, Frank Townsend

Inman, Henry

Innesfi, George ^1 v

InncKs, George, Jr.

Isham, Samuel

Ives, Halsey Cooley

Ive«, Percy

JohantKm, John Christen

Johnson, Eastman

JohuHon, Marshall

Johnston, John Humphreys

Jones, Hugh Holton

Keith, William

Kendall, William Sergeant

Kirk, Maria \a)U\hc



Knight, Daniel Ridgway
Kost, Frederick
LaFarge, John
Lauber, Joseph
Leroy, Anita
Leutze, Emanuel
Lie, Jonas
Little, J. Wesley
Loeb, Louis
Longpre, Paul de
Low, Will H.
Lucas, Albert Pike
Luks, George Benjamin
MacCameron, Robert
MacEwen, Walter
McLane, M. Jean
MacMonnies, Frederick W.
Macomber, Mary L.
Marin, John

Marshall, William Edgar
Martin, Homer Dodge
Melchers, J. Gari
Metcalf, Willard Leroy
Miller, Richard
Millet, Francis Davis
Minor, Robert Crannell
Mitchell, John James
Monks, John Austin Sands
Mora, F. Luis
Moran, Edward
Moran, Peter
Moran, Thomas
Mosler, Henry
Murphy, John Francis
Nast, Thomas
Newcomb, Maria Guise
NichoUs, Rhoda Holmes
Nordfeldt, Bror J. Olsson
Nourse, Elizabeth
Ochtman, Leonard
Osthaus, Edmund Henry
Page, Walter Gilman
Palmer, Walter Launt
Pape, Eric
Parker, Edgar
Parrish, Stephen
Par ton, Arthur
Paulus, Francis Petrus
Pax ton, William McGregor
Peale, Charles Watson
Pearce, Charles Sprague
Peixotto, Ernest Clifford
Penfold, Frank C.



11



Perrault, I. Marie
PickncU, William Lamb
Piatt, Alethea Hill
Pope, Alexander
Potthast, Edward Henry-
Powell, William Henry
Prellwitz, Edith Mitchell
Prellwitz, Henry-
Proctor, Alexander P.
Pyle, Howard
Ranger, Henry Ward
Redfield, Edward Willis
Reid, Robert
Remington, Frederic
Reuterdahl, Henry
Richards, William Trost
Robinson, Theodore
Rolslioven, Julius
Ryder, Albert Pinkham
Sargent, John Singer
Sartain, William
Schille, Alice
Schneider, Otto J.
Schofield, W. Elmer
Scott, Emily Maria Spaford
Shannon, James Jebusa
Shinn, Everett
Shirlaw, Walter
Shulz, Adolph Robert
Simmons, Edward Emerson
Sloan, John

Smedley, William Thomas
Smillie, James D.
Smith, Francis Hopkinson
Smith, Jessie Willcox
Smith, Letta Crapo
Sonntag, William Louis
Stanley, James M.
Steele, Helen McKay
Sterne, Maurice
Sterner, Albert E.



Stewart, Julius L.

Stuart, Gilbert

Sully, Thomas

Tanner, Henry Ossawa

Tarbell, Edmund C.

Taylor, William Ladd

Thayer, Abbott Henderson

Tiffany, Louis Comfort

Trumbull, John

Tryon, Dwight William

Turner, Ross S.

Twachtman, John Henry

Ulrich, Charles Frederick

Vail, Eugene

Van Elten, Kruseman

Vedder, Elihu

Vinton, Frederic Porter

Volk, Douglas

Vonnoh, Robert William

Walden, Lionel

Walker, Henry Oliver

Walker, Horatio

Walter, Martha

Watkins, Susan

Waugh, Frederick J.

Webster, Herman

Weeks, Edwin Lord

Weir, Julian Alden

Wendt, Julia M. Bracken

Wendt, William

Wentworth, Cecile de

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill

White, Thomas Gilbert

Whittredge, Worthington

Wiggins, Carleton

Wiles, Irving Ramsey

Williams, Frederick Ballard

Woodbury, Charles Herbert

Woodwell, Joseph R.

Wyant, Alexander Helwig



SCULPTORS.



Adams, Herbert
Aitken, Robert I.
Ball, Thomas
Barnard, George Grey
Bartlett, Paul Wayland
Baxter, Martha Wheeler
Beach, Chester



Bitter, Karl Theodore
Blumenschein, Mary Shepard Green
Borglum, John Gutzon M.
Borglum, Solon Hannibal
Boyle, John J.
Brenner, Victor David
Cadwalader-Guild, Emma Marie



12



Clarke, Thomas Shields

Couper, William

Crunelle, Leonard

Dallin, Cyrus Edwin

Donoghue, John

Donoho, Gaines Ruger

Duveneek, Frank

Eberle, Abastenia St. Leger

El well, Frank Edwin

Ezekiel, Moses Jacob

Eraser, James Earle

French, Daniel Chester

Grafly, Charles

Hosmer, Harriet

Hyatt, Anna Vaugh

Kelly, James Edward

Kemeys, Edward

Konti, Isidore

Ladd, Anna Coleman

Lamb, Ella Condie

Lauber, Joseph

Lewis, Edmonia

Longman, Evelyn Beatrice

Lopez, Charles Albert

Lucas, Albert Pike

Macdonald, James Alexander Wilson

MacMonnies, Frederick W.



MacNeil, Carol Brooks

MacNeil, Hermon Atkins

Mears, Helen Farnsworth

Ney, Elizabeth

Niehaus, Charles Henry

Pope, Alexander

Potter, Edward Clark

Potter, Louis

Pratt, Bela L.

Proctor, Alexander P.

Remington, Frederic

Rhind, J. Massey

Rogers, John

Roth, Frederick G. R.

Ruckstuhl, Frederick Wellington

Saint Gaudens, Augustus

Scudder, Janet

Taft, Lorado

Vedder, Elihu

Vonnoh, Bessie Potter

Ward, John Q. A.

Warner, Olin L.

Weinman, Adolph Alexander

Wendt, Julia M. Bracken

Yandell, Enid

Young, Mahoni



ILLUSTRATORS.



Abbey, Edwin Austin
Ahrens, Ellen W.
Bellows, George W.
Birch, Reginald Bathurst
Blashfield, Edwin H.
Blum, Robert F.
Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard
Borglum, J. Gutzon M.
Chandler, (Jeorge W.
Christy, Howard Chandler
Church, Frederick S.
Clark, Walter Appleton
Cory^ Fatuiy Y.
Cox, Kenyon
Cox, I^uifie

CrownitiHhield. Frederic
Daingerfield. Elliott
Deming. lulward William
Dewing, Muria Oakey
Dielman, Fre' of the "Holy Grail" is the most popular wall-painting in America.
Caffin says of these scenes: "They are presented with, an archeological
exactness of costume and accessories and with much dramatic action and
regard for individual characterization."

In 1909 he was commissioned to paint the coronation scene of King Edward
VII. This painting now hangs in Windsor Castle. He declined the in-
vitation to paint the ofl&cial picture of Isjng George's coronation.

ilr. Abbey was honored by membership in the leading art societies of
Europe and America and received decorations from several European gov-
ernments in recognition of his artistic ability. He had a marvelous techni-
que, was an illustrator of the greatest power and originality and has been
mentioned as one of the four greatest draughtsmen of the 19th centur3^

Of his brushwork, Heniy Strachey says: "He knows how to wield the
magic of the brush so that his painting apart from its color or form is elo-
quent."

At the time of his death he was engaged upon the commission from the
state of Pennsylvania for decorative panels in the state capitol at Harrisburg;
less than half of the work had been accomplished.

Royal Cortissoz, the art critic, says: "He was veiy gay and likeable,
you felt in him honesty and force and you could see just how his sterling
nature poured itself into his work. In it he sought the truth, he wanted
to make it live; with all his strength and with all his conscience he strove

21



22

for a reality that would touch men, making them think and feel. He achieved
this aim and made his best monument in the decorations at Harrisburg."

In a late number of the Craftsman, Louis A. Holman, closes an article
on the late Mr. Abbey and his work as follows: "I feel confident Abbey
will hold his place as one of America's foremost colorists, as one of her rarest
draughtsmen, as the most poetic painter of mediaeval subjects in his time
and as the greatest illustrator that America has yet produced."

Adams, Herbert, (S.) b. West Concord, Vt., January 28, 1858. Studied
sculpture five years under Mercie, Paris. On his return to the United States
in 1890, he engaged as art instructor in the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y.,
where for eight years he criticised the modeling. Is a member of the Society
of American Artists and vice president of the National Academy of Design.
Associate member National Academy of Design, 1898; full member, 1899.

Hartmann says: "The best bust ever made in America is, in my opinion,
Herbert Adams' bust of his wife."

Taft in his "History of American sculpture," says: "In Mr. Herbert
Adams, the whole fraternity recognizes a master almost unequaled in a
certain form of sculpture as rare as it is exquisite — the creation of beautiful

busts of women There is nothing so distinctive in his figures of

men."

Mr. Adams' experiments in coloring his busts are exceedingly interesting.
He has sho^ATi a beautiful color bust of "St. Agnes," a "Portrait of a young
lady" in tinted marble in bronze decorations, and the "Rabbi's daughter"
in pink marble, with dress and ample wide spread sleeves in wood with gold
decorations. "It is in his choice and treatment of these heads that Mr.
Adams reveals his true personality." (Lorado Taft.)

In his love of details he is closely akin to M. Dampt and M. Riviere-Theo-
dore, the French sculptors.

Ahrens, Ellen Wetherald, (Min P., 1) b. Baltimore, Md., June 6, 1859.
Pupil Boston Museum of Fine Arts under Grundemann; Pennsylvania Aca-
demy of the Fine Arts under Eakins; Drexel Institute under Pyle.

Received second Toppan prize School of Pennsylvania Academy of the
Fine Arts, 1884, and other prizes for oil painting and miniatures.

Aid, George Charles, (Min P.) b. Quincy, 111. A pupil of Laurens and
Benjamin-Constant in Paris. Received silver medal at St. Louis Exposition,
1904. A member of the Paris American Artists Association and the American
Miniature Painters.

AiTKK.v, Robert I., (S.) b. San Francisco, California,^! ay 8, 1878. Pupil
of Mark Hopkins In.stitute, San Francisco. Won the Barnett prize of the
National Academy of Design, 1908. Is a member of the National Sculpture



23

Society and was elected an associate member of the National Academy in
1909.

Mr. Aitken began his art work by painting. After studying sculpture
for six months under a French master, he decided to work alone. Later he
went to Paris. His monuments to the navy and to President McKinley are
among the finest works of art in San Francisco. He has completed a statue
of the late Frederic Remington to be placed at the new station of the Boston,
Westchester & N. Y. R. R., which runs through the Remington property
at New Rochelle, N. Y. (American Club Woman, Nov., 1912.)

Alexander, John White, (P., Mural P.) b. Allegheny, Pa., October 7,
1856. Pupil of Prof. Benczur of the Royal Academy, Munich, and of Frank
Duveneck in INIunich, Venice and Florence. Has been awarded many medals
and won much distinction at home and abroad. Was elected chevalier of
the Legion of Honor, 1901 ; is member of Societe Nationale des Beaux Arts,
Paris, Munich Secessionists, International Society of Artists, London, and
Vienna Society of Painters; president of the National Society of Mural Paint-
ers; associate member of National Academy of Design, 1901; full member,
1902, and later president.

Mr. Alexander is a painter of portraits, of mural decorations and of many
figure pictures with a distinct decorative purpose. His "Woman in gray"
hangs in the Luxembourg; ''The green bow" and "The picnic" have also
been purchased by the French government. His "Pot of basil" reveals
his talent for ideal figure subjects. Of his "Sunlight" which was awarded
first-class medal at the 1911 spring exhibition of the Carnegie Institute, it
was said: "For grace of lines, relative beauty of color and tone, and illusion
of light — sheer necromancy of the painter — this work is without a peer in
the exhibition."

Other characteristic pictures are:

"The mirror " "A butterfly "

" Woman in pink " "A rose "

"Flowers" "Pandora"

" The piano " " Quiet hour "

"A summer day" "In the cafe"

" A ray of sunHght " "A little mother "

" Peonies " " Study in black and white "

" The blue bowl " " The ring "

"Memories" "Autumn"

"Tenth muse" "A meadow flower"

"A toiler" "The gossip"

His artistic instinct is decorative, but his portraits of Mrs. Alexander,
August Rodin, Walt Whitman, Prof. Chandler of Columbia, Mrs. Wheaton
and others, show he can also master character.



24

Armand Dayot, the French critic, says: "From simply caressing the
canvas, his brush has become penetrating and the pictures he now shows
us possess — and this we consider the highest praise that can be bestowed
upon his talent — not only the charm of life but also an intensity of thought."

"He sees, as did Constable, only the beautiful, and the beautiful life is
normal."

His mural paintings, "Apotheosis of Pittsburgh" in the Carnegie Institute,
and "The evolution of the book" in the Library of Congress (both represent
the glorification of labor) are among the noteworthy achievements of this
branch of art in America.

His combination of piquancy of form and piquancy of color is known as
the "Alexander liquid style." "This liquidity is simply music expressed
in terms of painting." With Mr. Alexander the real subject is a pictorial
harmony based on the human form. (Outl. 95:171.)

"The distinguishing traits of Mr. John W. Alexander as a painter of por-
traits are quality of line, candor of impression and novelty of tone." (Har-
rison S. Morris, Scrib. 25:340.)

Allston, Washington, (P.) b. Waccamaw, S. C, November 5, 1779; d.
Cambridge, Mass., July 9, 1843. At six years of age his favorite amuse-
ment was making little landscapes about the roots of an old tree near his
home. In 1800 he graduated from Harvard and in company with Edward
Green Malbone soon after went to London where through the assistance of



Online LibraryMichigan State LibraryBiographical sketches of American artists .. → online text (page 1 of 24)