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PHICAL SKETCHES



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AMERICAN ARTISTS



FOURTH EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED



MICHIGAN STATE LIBRARY,

LANSING

1916




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MAN ALDEN WEIR.

^nal Academy of Design, New York.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES



OF



AMERICAN ARTISTS



FOURTH EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED



MICHIGAN STATE LIBRARY

LANSING

1916



THE m^'^ 'S'ft^.VC
PUBLIC LIBKARY



A8TOH. LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATION'S



j THE NEW YOES:

495754a

ASTOR, LqNOX AN^

TILDEiM foundations

R 1930 L,



FOREWORD.

This bulletin is tlie result of au increased j^ublic demand for biogra-
phies of American artists and other information relative to the growth
of art in America. The demand has made it advisable to issue a fourth
edition, revised and enlarged.

Many names are omitted because the bulletin being a departmental
publication is necessarily limited in size.

This publication is not intended to be a history of American art nor
a directory of American artists; the endeavor has been to select such
artists as have received international recognition or attracted the at-
tention of the most impartial and authoritative art critics. An exami-
nation of the list of material to which reference has been made will
show the faithful work which has been done by the compiler, Miss Helen
L. Earle, of this department.

MARY C. SPENCER,

State Librarian.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



Page

Abbreviations 18

American Art in the Luxembourg 16

Bibliography 295

Biographical sketches 19

Etchers 14

Illustrators 13

Members of the Legion of Honor : 16

Michigan Artists 17

Miniature painters 14

Mural painters and stained glass designers 15

Painters ^

Sculptors 12



PORTRAITS

Weir, JuUan Alden Frontispiece

Abbey, Edwin Austin 20

Alexander, John White 24

Barlow, Myron 30

Beckwith, J. Carroll 38

Blakelock, Ralph Albert 44

Inness, George • 140

LaFarge, John 152

Melchers, J. Gari 178

Nourse, EUzabeth 198

Rolshoven, JuUus 230

Saint-Gaudens, Augustus 234

Sargent, John Singer 236

Tanner, Henry Ossawa 258

Whistler, James McNeill 284



PAINTERS.



Abbey, Edwin Austin

Aid, George C.

Alexandex, John White

AUston, Washington

Anschutz, Thomas Pollock

Armstrong, D. Maitland

Baker, Elizabeth Gowdy

Baker, Ellen Kendall

Barlow, Myron

Beaux, CeciUa

Beckwith, James Carroll

Belcher, Hilda

Bellows, George Wesley

Benson, Frank Weston

Bierstadt, Albert

Bisbing, H. Singleton

Blakelock, Ralph Albert

Blashfield, Edwin Rowland

Blum, Robert Frederick

Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard

Blumensehein, Maiy Shepard Green

Bogert, George

Borglum, J. Gutzon M.

Bouguereau, Elizabeth Gardner

Bowen, Benjamin James

Breckenridge, Hugh Henry

Breuer, Henry Joseph

Bridges, Fidelia

Bridgman, Frederick Arthur

Brown, George Loring

Brown, John George

Browne, George Elmer

Brush, George DeForest

Cadwalader-Guild, Emma Marie

Carlsen, Emil

Carpenter, Francis Bickwell

Cassatt, Mary

Champney, James Wells

Chapman, John Gadsby

Chase, Wilham Merritt

Church, Frederick Edwin



Church, Frederick Stuart
Clarke, Thomas Shields
Cole, Thomas
Coman, Charlotte Buell
Cooper, Colin Campbell
Cooper, Emma Lampert
Copley, John Singleton
Couse, Eanger Irving
Cowles, Genevieve Almeda
Cox, Kenyon
Cox, Louise
Craig, Charles
Crane, Bruce
Crowninshield, Frederic
Cm-ran, Charles Courtney
Dabo, Leon
Dabo, Theodore Scott
Daingerfield, Elliott
Dannat, William T.
Davies, Arthur B.

Davis, Charles Harold

Deakin, Edwin

Dearth, Henry Golden

DeCamp, Joseph Rodefer

DeHaven, Frank

DeKay, Helen A. (Mrs. R. W. Giidon

Deming, Edward Willard

Dessar, Louis Paul

Dewey, Charles Melville

Dewing, Maria Oakey

Dewing, Thomas Wilmer

Dillaye, Blanche

Dodson, Sarah Paxton Ball

Dolph, John H

Donoho, Gaines Ruger

Dougherty, Paul

Dufner. Edward

Duulap, Mary Stewart

Duveneck, Frank

Eakins, Thomas

Eaton, Charles Harry



10



Eaton, Wyatt

Elliott, Charles Loring

Elliott, John

Enneking, John Joseph

Farny, Henry

Fenn, Harry

Fisher, William Mark

Foote, Will Howe

Forbes, Edwin

Foster, Ben

Foumier, Alexis Jean

Fowler, Frank

Frieseke, Frederic Carl

Fromuth, Charles Henry

Fry, John Henning

Fuller, George

Garber, Daniel

Gaul, William Gilbert

Gay, Walter

Genth, Lillian Matilde

Gibson, Charles Dana

Gies, Joseph W.

Gifford, Robert Swain

Glackens, William J.

Grayson, Clifford Provost

Groll, Albert Lorey

Gruppe, Charles Paul

Guerin, Jules

Gutherz, Carl

Haggin, Ben Ali

Harding, Chester

Harding, George

Harper, William A.

Harrison, Lovell Birge

Harrison, Thomas Alexander

Hassam, Childe

Hawthorne, Charles Webster

Healy, George Peter Alexander

Henri, Robert

Higgins, Eugene

Hitchcock, George

Homer, Winslow

Hopkin, Robert

Horton, Wilham Samuel

Houston, Frances C. Lyons

Hovenden, Thomas

Howe, WiUiam Henry

Hubbell, Henry Salem

Hunt, William Morris

Hutchens, Frank Townsend

Inman, Henry

Inness, George



Inness, George, Jr.
Isham, Samuel
Ives, Halsey Cooley
Ives, Percy

Johansen, John Christen
Johnson, Eastman
Johnson, Marshall
Johnston, John Humphreys
Jones, Hugh Bolton
Keith, William
Kendall, William Sergeant
Kirk, Maria Louise
Knight, Daniel Ridgway
Knox, Susan Ricker
Koopman, Augustus
Kost, Frederick W.
LaFarge, John
Lauber, Joseph
Lawson, Ernest
Leigh, WiUiam R.
Leroy, Anita
Leutze, Emanuel
Lie, Jonas
Linde, Ossip L.
Little, J. Wesley
Loeb, Louis
Longpre, Paul de
Low, Will H.
Lucas, Albert Pike
Luks, George Benjamin
MacCameron, Robert Lee
MacEwen, Walter
McLane, M. Jean
MacMonnies, Frederick W.
Macomber, Mary L.
Marin, John
Martin, Homer Dodge
Maynard, George W.
Melchers, J. Gari
MetcaK, Willard Leroy
Miller, Richard
Millet, Francis Davis
Minor, Robert Crannell
Mitchell, John James
Monks, John Austin Sands
Mora, F. Luis
Moran, Edward
Moran, Mary Nimmo
Moran, Peter
Moran, Thomas
Mosler, Henry
Murphy, John Francis



11



Nast, Thomas
Newcomb, Maria Guise
Newell, George Glenn
Nicholls, Rhoda Holmes
Noble, John
Nordfelt, Bror J. Olsson
Nom-se, Elizabeth
Ochtman, Leonard
Osthaus, Edmund Henry
Page, Walter Gilman
Palmer, Walter Launt
Pape, Eric
Parker, Edgar
Parker, Lawton S.
Parrish, Stephen
Parton, Arthur
Paulus, Francis Petrous
Paxton, William McGregor
Peale, Charles Watson
Pearce, Charles Sprague
Peixotto, Ernest Clifford
Penfold, Frank C.
Perrault, I. Marie
Picknell, WiUiam Lamb
Piatt, Alethea Hill
Pope, Alexander
Potthast, Edward Henry
Powell, William Henry
Prellwitz, Edith Mitchell
Prellwitz, Henry
Proctor, Alexander P.
Pyle, Howard
Quinn, Edmond T.
Ranger, Henry Ward
Read, Thomas Buchanan
Redfield, Edward WilMs
Reid, Robert
Remington, Frederic
Reuterdahl, Henry
Richards, WiUiam Trost
Robinson, Theodore
Rolshoven, Julius
Ryder, Albert Pinkham
Sargent, John Singer
Sartain, William
Schille, AHce
Schneider, Otto J.
Schofield, W. Elmer
Scott, Emily Maria Spaford
Shannon, James Jebusa
Shinn, Everett
Shirlaw, Walter



Shulz, Adolph Robert

Simmons, Edward Emerson

Singer, WiUiam H., Jr.

Slade, C. Arnold

Sloan, John

Smedley, William Thomas

SmiUie, James D.

Smith, Francis Hopkinso;!

Smith, Jessie Willcox

Smith, Letta Crapo

Sonntag, WiUiam Louis

Stanley, James M.

Steele, Helen McKay

Sterne, Maurice

Sterner, Albert E.

Stewart, Julius L.

Stuart, Gilbert

Sully, Thomas

Sylvester, Frederick Oakes

Symons, George Gardner

Tanner, Henry Ossawa

TarbeU, Edmund C.

Taylor, WiUiam Ladd

Thayer, Abbott Henderson

Tiffany, Louis Comfort

TiUinghast, Mary Elizabeth

Trumbull, John

Tryon, Dwight William

Tucker, Allen

Turner, Charles Yardley

Tm-ner, Ross Sterling

Twachtman, John Henry

Ulrich, Charles Frederick

Vail, Eugene

Van Elten, Kruseman

Vedder, EUhu

Vinton, Frederic Porter

Volk, Douglas

Vonnoh, Robert William

Walden, Lionel

Walker, Henry Oliver

Walker, Horatio

Walter, Martha

Watkins, Susan

Waugh, Frederick J.

Webster, Herman A.

Weeks, Edwin Lord

Weir, Julian Alden

Wendt, Julia M. Bracken

Wendt, WiUiam

Wentworth, Cecile de

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill



12



White, Thomas Gilbert
Whittredge, Worthington
Wiggins, Carleton
Wiles, Irving Ramsey



Williams, Frederick Ballard
Woodbury, Charles Herbert
Wood well, Joseph R.
Wyant, Alexander Helwig



SCULPTORS.



Adams, Herbert
Aitken, Robert I.
Ball, Thomas
Barnard, George Grey
Bartlett, Paul Wayland
Baxter, Martha Wheeler
Beach, Chester
Bitter, Karl Theodore
Blumenschein, Mary Shepard Green
Borglum, John Gutzon M.
Borglum, Solon Hannibal
Boyle, John J.
Brenner, Victor David
Burroughs, Edith Woodman (Mrs.
Bryson Burroughs)

Cadwalader-Guild, Emma Marie

Calder, A. Sterhng
Clarke, Thomas Shields
Couper, WiUiam

Crunelle, Leonard

Dalhn, Cyrus Edwin

Davidson, Jo

Demming, Edward Willard

Donoghue, John

Donoho, Gaines Ruger

Duveneck, Frank

Eberle, Abastenia St. Leger

Elwell, Frank Edwin

Evans, Rudulph

Ezekiel, Moses Jacob

Fairbanks, Avard

Eraser, James Earle

French, Daniel Chester

Fry, Sherry Edmundson

Grafly, Charles

Hosmer, Harriet

Hyatt, Anna Vaughn

Kelly, James Edward

Kemeys, Edward

Konti, Isidore

Ladd, Anna Coleman

Lamb, Ella Condie

Lauber, Joseph

Lewis, Edmonia



Linder, Henry

Longman, Evelyn Beatrice

Lopez, Charles Albert

Lucas, Albert Pike

Lukeman, H. Augustus

Macdonald, James Alexander Wilson

MaMconnies, Frederick W.

MacNeil, Carol Brooks

MacNeil, Hermon Atkins

Manship, Paul

Mears, Helen Farnsworth

Nadelman, Eh

Neandross, Sigurd

Ney, EUzabeth

Niehaus, Charles Henry

Partridge, Wilham Ordway

Pope, Alexander

Potter, Edward Clark

Potter, Louis

Pratt, Bela L.

Proctor, Alexander P.

Quinn, Edmond T.

Reed, Earl H.

Remington, Frederic

Rhind, J. Massey

Rogers, John

Roth, Frederick G. R.

Ruckstuhl, Frederick Welhngton

Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Schuler, Hans

Scudder, Janet

Shrady, Henry Merwin

Taft, Lorado

Tilden, Douglas

Vedder, Ehhu

Vonnoh, Bessie Potter

Walker, Nelhe Verne

Ward, John Q. A.

Warner, Olin L.

Weinman, Adolph Alexander

Wendt, Juha M. Bracken

Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt

Yandell, Enid

Young, Mahoni



13



ILLUSTRATORS.



Abbey, Edwin Austin
Ahvens, Ellen W.
Alexander, John W.
Bellows, George W.
Birch, Reginald Bathurst
Blashfield, Edwin H.
Blum, Robert F.
Blumenschein, Ernest Leonard
Borglum, J. Gutzon M.
Breuer, Henry Joseph
Chandler, George W.
Christy, Howard Chandler
Chvu-ch, Frederick S.
Clark, Walter Appleton
Cory, Fanny Y.
Cox, Kenyon
Cox, Louise

Crowninshield, Frederic
Daingerfield, Elhott
Deming, Edward Willard
Dewing, Maria Oakey
Dielman, Frederick
Dillaye, Blanche
Eaton, Charles Harry
Elhott, John
Emmet, Lydia Field

Fenn, Harry

Fisher, Harrison

Flagg, James Montgomery

Fom-nier, Alexis J.

Fowler, Frank

Frost, Arthur Burdett

Gaul, Wilham Gilbert

Gibson, Charles Dana

Glackens, William J.

Green, Elizabeth Shippen

Guerin, Jules

Harding, George

Harrison, L. Birge

Hitchcock, George

Hitchcock, Lucius Wolcott

Hutt, Henry

Keith, William

Keller, Arthm- 1.

Kelley, James Edward

Kemble, Edwai-d Windsor

Kinney, Margaret West

Kinney, Troy



Kirk, Maria Louise
Lamb, Ella Condie
Leigh, WiUiam R.
Leroy, Anita
Loeb, Louis
Low, Will H.
McCarter, Henry
McLane, M. Jean
Maynard, George W.
Millet, Francis Davis
Mora, F. Luis
Moran, Thomas
Nast, Thomas
Newell, Peter
Nicholls, Rhoda Holmes
Oakley, Violet
Pape, Eric
Parrish, Maxfield
Peixotto, Ernest Clifford
Pennell, Joseph
Plowman, George Taylor
Potthast, Edward Henry
Preston, Mary Wilson
Pyle, Howard
Reinhart, Charles Stanley
Remington, Frederic
Reuterdahl, Henry
Robinson, Boardman
Robinson, Theodore
Seton, Ernest Thompson
Sherwood, Rosina Emmet
Shinn, Everett
Shinn, Florence Scovel
Sloan, John

Smedley, Wilham Thomas
Smith, F. Hopkinson
Smjth, Jessie Wilcox
Steele, Helen McKay
Stephens, AUce Barber
Sterner, Albert Edward
Stilwell, Sarah S.
Taylor, William Ladd
Tm-ner, Ross Sterhng
Vedder, Elihu
Wenzell, Albert Beck
Wright, M. Louise Wood
Yohn, Frederick Coffay



14



ETCHERS.



Aid, George C.
Bacher, Otto
Beatty, John W.
Benson, Frank W.
Blum, Robert F.
Brown, George Loring
Cassatt, Mary-
Chandler, George W.
Chapman, John Gadsby
Chm-ch, Frederick S.
Dielman, Frederick
Dillaye, Blanche
Duveneck, Frank
Farrer, Hemy
Fenn, Harry
Forbes, Edwin
Gifford, Robert Swain
Greatorex, Ehza
Hassam, Childe
Higgins, Eugene
Hornby, Lester G.
Hyde, Helen
Lauber, Joseph
Loeb, Louis

MacLaughlin, Donald Shaw
Marin, John
Merritt, Anna Lea



Mielatz, Charles Frederick William

Mitchell, John James

Monks, John Austin Sands

Moran, Mary Nimmo

Moran, Peter

Moran, Thomas

Myers, Jerome

Nordfeldt, Bror J. Olsson

Parrish, Stephen

Paulus, Francis Petrus

PenneU, Joseph

Pitts, Lendall

Plowman, George Taylor

Potter, Louis

Reed, Earl H.

Roth, Ernest David

Schneider, Otto J.

Sloan, John

Smillie, James D.

Sterne, Maurice

Stevens, Helen B.

Van Elten, Kruseman

Washburn, Cadwallader

Webster, Herman A.

Weir, Julian Alden

Whistler, James McNeill

Woodbury, Charles Herbert



MINIATURE PAINTERS.



Ahrens, Ellen Wetherald
Baer, WiUiam J.
Baker, Ehzabeth Gowdy
Baker, Martha Susan
Baxter, Martha Wheeler
Bayliss, LiUian
Beckington, Ahce
Coudert, Amalia Kussner
Dix, Eulabee
Emmet, Lydia Field
Fuller, Lucia Fairchild
Hallowell, George H.
Hills, Laura Coombs
Humphreys, Marie Champney
Inman, Henry



Josephi, Isaac E.

Kendall, Margaret Stickney

Malbone, Edward Greene

Marsh, Ahce Randall

Otis, Amy

Peixotto, Ernest Clifford

Redfield, Heloise Guillou

Schille, Alice

Sherwood, Rosina Emmet

Southwick, Elsie Whitmore

Stanton, Lucy May

Thayer, Theodora W.

Welch, Mabel R.

Whittemore, WiUiam John

Wright, M. Louise Wood



15



MURAL PAINTERS AND STAINED GLASS DESIGNERS.



Abbey, Edwin Austin

AlexEinder, John W.

Armstrong, D. Maitland

Ballin, Hugo

Benson, Frank W.

Blashfield, Edwin H.

Blum, Robert F.

Burd, Clara Miller

Cowles, Genevieve Almeda and Maud

Alice
Cox, Kenyon
Crowninshield, Frederic

Daingerfield, EUiot

De Camp, Joseph Rodefer

Deming, Edwin Willard

Dewing, Thomas Wilmer

Dielman, Frederick

Dixon, Maynard

Dodge, W. DeLeftwich

Duveneck, Frank

Elliott, John

Frieseke, Frederic Carl

Grover, OUver Dennett

Guerin, Jules

Gutherz, Carl

Heinigke, Otto

Herter, Albert

Hunt, William Morris

LaFarge, John

Lamb, Charles RoUison

Lamb, Ella Condie

Lamb, Frederick Stymatz

Lathrop, Francis

Lauber, Joseph



Low, WiU H.
MacEwen, Walter
Marsh, Fred Dana
Maynard, George W.
Melchers, J. Gari
Millet, Francis Davis
Mora, F. Luis
Mowbray, Henry Siddons
Oakley, Violet
Parrish, Maxfield
Pearce, Charles Sprague
Peixotto, Ernest Clifford
Potthast, Edward H.
Pyle, Howatd
Reid, Robert
Sargent, John Singer
Sears, Taber
SeweU, Robert V. V.
Shinn, Everett
Shirlaw, Walter
Simmons, Edward E.
Sperry, Edward Peck
Steele, Helen McKay
Thayer, Abbott H.
Tiffany, Louis Comfort
Tillinghast, Mary E.
Turner, Charles Yardley
Van Ingen, William B.
Vedder, Elihu
Walker, Henry O.
Weir, J. Alden
Whistler, James McNeill
Wiles, Irving Ramsey
Willet, WiUiam



16
AMERICAN ARTISTS

OP THE

LEGION OF HONOR.

(The Legion of Honor of France is the most vital and democratic
order in the world. It is an order of merit and has a genuinely inter-
national significance.

In the Paris salon the insignia of the order — the "red ribbon" — is the
highest award given to exhibitors.

The following American painters and sculptors have received this
coveted prize.)

Abbey, Edwin Austin * ' MacCameron, Robert Lee

Alexander, John White MacEwen, Walter

Armstrong, D. Maitland MacMonnies, Frederick William

Bartlett, Paul Wayland Melchers, J. Gari

Bierstadt, Albert Millet, Francis Davis

Bisbing, H. Singlewood Mosler, Henry

Bridgman, Frederic Arthur Pearce, Charles Sprague

Cassatt, Mary Saint-Gaudens, Augustus

Dannat, William T. Sargent, John Singer

Gay, Walter Stewart, Julius L.

Harrison, T. Alexander Tiffany, Louis Comfort

Howe, William Henry Vail, Eugene

Johnston, John Humphreys Wentworth, Cecile de

Knight, Daniel Ridgway Whistler, James McNeill
LaFarge, John



AMERICAN ART IN THE LUXEMBOURG.

M. Benedite, curator of the Luxembourg Museum, Paris, is quoted
by the correspondent to the New York Sun as stating that the foreign
schools of art in the Luxembourg are represented as follows:

American 35

Belgian • 29

British 30

Dutch 8

German and Austrian 11

ItaUan 30

Russian 4

Scandinavian 17

Spanish and Portuguese 10

Swiss 6

Turkish 2

It will be noted that the American works purchased by the French
Government outnumber those of any other country.



17



MICHIGAN ARTISTS.

Barlow, Myron '. Ionia, 1873

Church, Frederick Stuart Grand Rapids, 1842

Couse, E. Irving Saginaw, 1866

Dabo, Leon Detroit, 1868

Dabo, T. Scott Detroit, 1870

Foote, William Howe Grand Rapids, 1874

Frieseke, Frederic Carl Owosso, 1874

Gies, Joseph W Detroit,

Horton, William Samuel Grand Rapids, 1865

Houston, Frances C. Lyons Hud.son, 1867-1906

Ives, Percy Detroit, 1864

Marsh, Alicei Randalls Coldwater,

Melchers, J. Gari Detroit, 1860

Newell, George Glen Berrien County, 1870

Parker, Lawton S Fairfield, 1868

Paulus, Francis P Detroit, 1862

Perrault, I. Marie Detroit, ....

Pitts, Lendall Detroit, 1875

Rolshoven, Julius Detroit, 1858

Smith, Letta Crapo Flint, 1862

Wenzell, Albert B Detroit, 1864

White, Thomas Gilbert Grand Rapids,

3



18



ABBREVIATIONS.

P. — painter; S. — sculptor; I. — illustrator; E. — etcher; Miu. P. — Minia-
ture painter.

Am. M. — American magazine

Am. M. of Art — American Magazine of Art (continuation of Art and

progress) .
Arch rec — Architectual record
Art & P. — Art and progress
Arts & D. — Arts and decoration
Bookm — ^Bookman
Brush & P. — Brush and pencil
Canad M. — Canadian magazine
Cent — Century
Chant — Chatauquan
Cosmopol — Cosmopolitan •
Cur lit — Current literature
Delin — Delineator
Good H — Good housekeeping
Harper — Harper's monthly magazine
Ind — Independent
Int studio — International studio
Lit digest — Literary digest
Mo illus — Monthly illustrator
New Eng M — New England magazine
New repub. — New republic
19th Cent — Nineteenth Century
No Am — North American review
Outl— Outlook
Pub opin — Public opinion
Quar illus— Quarterly illustrator
R. of Rs. — Review of reviews
Scrib M. — Scribner's magazine
W. work — World's work



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES




Copyright by J. E. Purely, Boston.

EDWIN AUSTIN ABBEY.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

Abbey^ Edwin Austin_, (P., I., Mural P.) b. Pliiladelpliia, Pa., April
1, 1852; d. London, England, August 1, 1911. At the age of four he
produced i)en sketches worthy of more than passing attention and when
not more than fourteen, Harper accepted some of his pen illustrations.
He studied a year in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and
in 1871, went to New York, A\'here he joined Harper's art staff. In 1878
he was sent by that publishing house to England to gather material to
illustrate Herrick's poems. His first painting in oil, "May day morn,"
was exhibited at the Royal Academy, London, in 1890 and "'Fiametta's
song" in 1891. He was unexcelled by any living artist in rendering
mediaeval subjects. His notable paintings in this line are "Richard III
and Lady Anne," "Hamlet," "Trial of Queen Katherine," "The penance
of Eleanor," "Daughters of King Lear," "Crusaders sighting Jerusalem,"
"Columbus in the new world."

His series of decorations in the Boston Public Library embodying
the story of the "Holy Grail" is the most popular wall-painting in
America.

In 1909 he was commissioned to paint the coronation scene of King
Edward VII. This painting now hangs in Windsor Castle. He declined
the invitation to paint the official picture of King George's coronation.

Mr. Abbey was honored by membership in the leading art societies of
Europe and America and received decorations from several European
governments in recognition of his artistic ability. He had a marvelous
technique, was an illustrator of the greatest power and originality and
has been mentioned as one of the four greatest draughtsmen of the 19th
century.

Of his brush work, Henry StTachey says: "He knows Jiow to wield the
magic of the brush so that his painting apart from its color or form is
eloquent."

At the time of his death he was engaged upon the commission from
the state of Pennsylvania for decorative panels in the state capitol at
Harrisburg; less than half of the work had been accomplished.

Royal Cortissoz, the art critic, says: "He was very gay and likeable,
you felt in him honesty and force and you could see just how his sterling
nature poured itself into his work. In it he sought the truth, he wanted



22

to make it live; with all his strength and with all his conscience he
strove for a reality that would touch men, make them think and feel.
He achieved this aim and made his best monument in the decorations
at Harrisburg."

In the Craftsman, Louis A. Holman, closes an article on the late Mr.
Abbey and his work as follows: "I feel confident Abbey will hold his
place as one of America's foremost colorists, as one of her rarest
draughtsmen, as the most poetic painter of mediaeval subjects in his
time and as the greatest illustrator that America has yet produced."

Adams, Herbert, (S.) b. West Concord, Vt., January 28, 1858. He
studied sculpture five years under Mercie, Paris. On his return to the
United States in 1890, he engaged as art instructor in the Pratt Institute,
Brooklyn, N. Y., where for eight years he criticised the modeling. Mr.
Adams is a member of the Society of American Artists; associate mem-
ber National Academy of Design, 1898; full member, 1899.

Hartmann says: "The best bust ever made in America is, in my
opinion, Herbert Adams' bust of his wife."

Taft in his "History of American sculpture," says: "In Mr. Herbert
Adams, the whole fraternity recognizes a master almost unequaled in a
certain form of sculpture as rare as it is exquisite — the creation of

beautiful busts of women There is nothing so distinctive in his

figures of men,"

Mr. Adams' experiments in coloring his busts are exceedingly inter-
esting. He has shoAvn a beautiful color bust of "St. Agnes," a "Portrait
of a young lady" in tinted marble in bronze decorations, and the "Rabbi's
daughter" in pink marble, with dress and ample wide spread sleeves in
wood with gold decorations, "It is in his choice and treatment of these
heads that Mr. Adams reveals his true personality," (Lorado Taft.)

In his love of details he is closely akin to M. Dampt and M. Riviere-
Theodore, the French sculptors.

His latest work is a group which surmounts the fountain in McMillan
Park, Washington, D. C, erected by citizens of Michigan in honor of the
late James McMillan, U, S. Senator from Michigan,

Ahrens, Ellen Wethbrald, (Min, P,, I.) b. Baltimore, Md., June 6,
1859. Pupil Boston Museum of Fine Arts under Grundemann ; Pennsyl-
vania Academy of the Fine Arts under Eakins; Drexel Institute under
Pyle.

Received second Toppan prize School of Pennsylvania Academy of
the Fine Arts, 1884, and other prizes for oil painting and miniatures.



23

AiD^ George Charles (E., P.) b. Quincy, 111. A pupil of Laurens and
Benjamin-Constant in Paris.

Mr. Aid won quite an enviable reputation for painting while in Paris,
being a follower of Eichard Miller, and like Frieseke revived Frago-
nard's subjects — women in interiors.

Taking up etching and choosing architectural subjects, he was first
attracted to Holland, then to the cathedral towns of France; later fell
under the spell of Italy.

He etches "with a grace and spirit that Whistler would have enjoyed

He is an excellent observer and does not disdain accuracy."

(Arts& D. 4:446.)

Aitk:en_, Robert I., (S.) b. San Francisco, California, May 8, 1878.
Pupil of Mark Hopkins Institute, San Francisco". Won the Barnett
prize of the National Academy of Design, 1908. He Is a member of the
National Sculpture Society and recently has been elected a member of
the National Academy.

Mr. Aitken began his art work by painting. After studying sculpture
for six months under a French master, he decided to work alone. Later
he went to Paris. His monuments to the navy and to President Mc-



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