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district shall be noted in the annual report to the superin-
tendent of public instruction. The district board shall take
the necessary steps to purchase such books for the use of all
pupils in the several schools of their district, as hereinafter
provided. The text-books so purchased shall be the property
of the district purchasing the same, and shall be loaned to
pupils free of charge, under such rules and regulations for
their careful use and return as said district board may estab-
lish: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall prevent
any person from buying his or her books from the district
board of the school in which he or she may attend : Provided
further, That nothing herein contained shall prevent any dis-
trict having once adopted or rejected free text-books from
taking further action on the same at any subsequent annual

(155.) 4777. SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the district
board of any school district adopting free text-books provided
for in this act to make, a contract with some dealer or pub-
lisher to furnish books used in said district at a price not
greater than the net wholesale price of such books : Provided,
That any district may, if it so desires, authorize its district
board to advertise for proposals before making such contract.

(156.) 4778. SEC. 4. The district board of every school
district *in the State adopting free text-books under this act
shall make and prepare annually an estimate of the amount of
money necessary to be raised to comply with the conditions of
this act, and shall add such amount to the annual estimates
made for money to be raised for school purposes, for the next


ensuing year. Said sum shall be in addition to the amount
now provided by law to be raised; which amount each town-
ship clerk shall certify to the supervisor of his township to be
assessed upon the taxable property of the respective districts
as provided by law for raising the regular annual estimates
of the respective district boards for school purposes, and
when collected shall be paid to the district treasurer in the
same manner as all other money belonging to said district is

(157.) 4779. SEC. 5. On the first day of February next when director
after the tax shall have been levied, the director of said dis-
d-'ct may proceed to purchase the books required by the pupils
of his district from the list mentioned in section one of this
act, and shall draw his warrant, countersigned by the moder-
ator, upon the treasurer or assessor of the district for
price of the books so purchased, including the cost of trans-

(158.) 4780. SEC. G. If the officers of any school dis- Refusal or
IT let, which has so voted to supply itself with text-books, shall Sufya 1 mis-
refuse or neglect to purchase at the expense of the district for demeanor.
the use of the pupils thereof, the text-books as enumerated in
section one of this act, or to provide the money therefor as
herein prescribed, each officer or member of such board so re-
fusing or neglecting shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof before a court of competent Penalty,
jurisdiction, shall be liable to a penalty of not more than fifty
dollars or imprisonment in the county jail for a period not
exceeding thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment,
in the discretion of the court: Provided, That any district proviso,
board may buy its books of local dealers if the same can be
purchased and delivered to the director as cheaply as if
bought of the party who makes the lowest bid to the district
board : Provided further, That school districts in cities organ- Further
ized under special charters shall be exempt from the provi- pro
^ions of this act, but such districts may, when so authorized in cities,
by a majority vote of their district boards, submit the ques- submit qSL
tion of free text-books to the qualified voters of said districts. ofdistrict ters
If a majority of the qualified electors vote in favor of furnish-
ing free text-books, such district boards shall have authority
to proceed under the provisions of this act.

SPECIAL CHARTERS: The action of the Detroit board of education, in
including in its annual estimate a sum for free text-books, in the absence of
authority from a majority of the qualified electors, as provided in this sec-
iton, was held absolutely void. Bd. of Ed. v. Detroit, 80 / 551.



An Act to prescribe and define a course of studies to be taught in the
district schools of this State which shall be known as the Agricul-
tural College Course.

[Act 181, 1897.]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

whotopre- (159.) 4791. SECTION 1. That the superintendent of
suidy? urse 3f public instruction shall prepare for district schools a course
of study, comprising the branches now required for third grade
certificates, which shall be known and designated "the agricul-
tural college course," and upon the satisfactory completion
of this course of study, as evidenced by a diploma or certificate
duly signed by the county commissioner of schools, pupils
shall be admitted to the freshman class of the agricultural col-
lege without further examination. It shall be the duty of the
secretary of the agricultural college each year to send to each
rural school district in the State a college catalogue, and upon
application to furnish to such schools such other information
as may be desired relative to said college. Such catalogue and
other information shall be kept in each school for reference.


to school

trict board.

An Act authorizing the introduction of the kindergarten method in
the public schools of this State.

*[Act 119, 1891.]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

(160.) 4792. SECTION 1. That in addition to the duties
imposed by law upon the district board of every school district
in this State, they shall also be empowered to provide a suit-
able room or apartment for kindergarten work, and to supply
their district respectively with the necessary apparatus and
appliances for the instruction of children in what is known as
the kindergarten method.

(161.) 4793. SEC. 2. In the employment of teachers it
shall be competent for such district board to require qualifi-
cations for instruction of children in kindergarten methods,
an( j the district board may provide by contract with the
teacher for such instruction, specifying the hours and times
therefor under such rules as the district board may prescribe.

(162.) 4794. SEC. 3. All children residing within the
district between the ages of four and seven shall be entitled

What children * As to ccrtificates and Payment of kindergarten teachers, see Comp. section

en titled to




to instructions in the kindergarten department of such district

(163.) 4795. SEC. 4. The powers and duties herein im- Act to apply
posed or conferred upon the district shall also be and the same otiSr schools.
are hereby imposed and conferred upon the school trustees or
board of education or other body, by whatever name known,
managing or controlling the public schools in each city and vil-
lage of this State; and this act is hereby made applicable to
every public school organized by special act or by charter as
fully as if they were named herein.

An Act to provide for teaching in the public schools the modes by
which the dangerous communicable diseases are spread, and the
best methods for the restriction and prevention of such diseases.

[Act 146, 1895.]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

(164.) 4796. SECTION 1. That there shall be taught in Methods of
every year in every public school in Michigan the principal Jn S deven-
modes by which each of the dangerous communicable diseases Dangerous
are spread, and the best methods for the restriction and pre- diseases shall
vention of each such disease. The State Board of Health shall pubficsehoois
annually send to the public school superintendents and teach-
ers throughout this State printed data and statements which
shall enable them to comply with this act. School boards are
hereby required to direct such superintendents and teachers
to give oral and blackboard instruction, using the -data and
statements supplied by the State Board of Health.

(165.) 4797. SEC. 2. Neglect or refusal on the part of Penalty for
any superintendent or teacher to comply with the provisions ?efffi to
of this law shall be considered a sufficient cause for dismissal p
from the school by the school board. Any school board wil- this act.
fully neglecting or refusing to comply with any of the pro-
visions of this act shall be subject to fine the same as for
neglect of any other duty pertaining to their office. This act
shall apply to all schools in this State, including schools in
cities or villages, whether incorporated under special charter
or under the general laws.


An Act making an appropriation for the use of the State Board of
Health, to enable it to comply with act one hundred and forty-six,
of the public acts of eighteen hundred and ninety-five, entitled
"An act to provide for teaching in the public schools the modes by
which th9 dangerous communicable diseases are spread and the
best methods for the restriction and prevention of such diseases."

[Act 11-', IS'JT.J

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Appropriation, (166.) 4798. -SECTION 1. That the sum of two thousand
five hundred dollars per annum, is hereby appropriated out
of the general fund, to enable the State Board of Health to
comply with section one of act one hundred and forty-six of the
public acts of eighteen hundred and ninety-five. Itemized bills
for expenses incurred under this act shall be audited by the
State Board of Health, whereupon the Auditor General shall
draw his warrant for the amounts allowed, not exceeding the
amount appropriated, and the amounts thus allowed shall be
paid from the State treasury.

(167.) 4799. SEC. 2. The Auditor General shall add to
and incorporate with the taxes for each year the amount above
appropriated, which, when collected, shall be passed to the
rrodit of the proper fund.

general to

raxes when


An Act to provide for the publication of the proceedings of the annual
school meeting, and an annual financial statement in graded school
districts in which a newspaper is published, and to provide for the
expense thereof, and fixing a penalty for failure to make such

I Aci !.",. istiT. ;;.-, jiiuuiided by An :;:,, ]!)03.]

77* c People "/' the. State of Michigan cuat-i:

Proceedings ut (168.) ' 4800. SECTION 1. Previous to the first Mou-
n?eeth!g^ h to 01 day in August of each year the board of education or board of
trustees, as the case may be, of each graded school district in
this State shall cause to be published in a newspaper published
in said district or in the county in which said district is lo-
cated, said newspaper to be designated by said board of educa-
tion, a complete statement of the proceedings of the annual
school meeting and an itemized financial statement of the re-
ceipts and expenditures of said district during the preceding
school year, the expense of said publication to be paid out of
Hie general fund of the district.

penalty for (169.) 4801. SEC. 2. If any board of education or
neglect. board of trustees shall Tail or neglect to comply with the pro-



visions of this act each member of any such board shall forfeit
the sum of ten dollars upon conviction thereof in any court of
competent jurisdiction.

An Act to provide for the purchase and display of United States flags
in connection with the public school buildings within this State.

[Act 56, 1895.]
The People of the State of Michigan enact:

(170.) 4802. SECTION 1. That the board of education Flags and
or the board of school trustees in the several cities, townships,
villages and school districts of this State shall purchase a
United States flag of a size not less than four feet two inches
by eight feet and made of good flag bunting "A," flag staff and
the necessary appliances therefor and shall display said flag
upon, near, or in a conspicuous place within, the public school Time for
building during school hours and at such other times as to the dlsplaylng -
said board may seem proper ; and that the necessary funds to Expense to bo
defray the expenses to be incurred herein shall be assessed and
collected in the same manner as moneys for public school moneys-
purposes are collected by law. And the penalties for neglect Penalty.
of duty provided in section two, chapter thirteen of the gen-
eral school laws, shall apply to any school officer refusing to
comply with the provisions of this act.

An Act requiring certain returns to be made from incorporated aca-
demies, and other literary institutions.

[Act 19, 1839.]

Be it enacted &?/ the Senate and House of Representatives of
the State of Michigan.

(171.) 4803. SECTION 1. That it shall be the duty of Reports to be
the president of the board of trustees of every organized acad- ine?intend-

emy, or literary or collegiate institution, heretofore incorpo
rated or hereafter to be incorporated, to cause to be made out
by the principal instructor, or other proper officer, and for-
warded, by mail or otherwise, to the office of the superintend-
ent of public instruction, between the first and fifteenth days
of December, in each year, a report, setting forth the amount contents of
and estimated value of real estate owned by the corpora- r
tion, the amount of other funds and endowments, and the
'earlv income from all sources, the number of instructors, the



number of students in the different classes, the studies pur-
sued, and the books used, the course of instruction, the terms
of tuition, and such other matters as may be specially re-
quested by said superintendent, or as may be deemed proper
by the president or principal of such academies or institutes,
to enable the superintendent of public instruction to lay be-
fore the legislature a fair and full exhibit of the affairs and
condition of said institutions.

Regents may
grant certifi-

may be


An Act to authorize the regents of the University of Michigan to grant
teachers' certificates in certain cases, and to repeal act one hundred
forty-four of the public acts of eighteen hundred ninety-one, and all
other acts or parts of acts contravening the provisions of this act.

[Act 213, 1903.]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

(172.) SECTION 1. The regents of the university of Michi-
gan, through the faculty of the department of literature, sci-
ence and the arts, may grant to every person receiving a bach-
elor's, master's or doctor's degree, and also a teacher's diploma
for work done in the science and the arts of teaching in said
university, a certificate which shall serve as a legal certificate
of qualification to teach in any of the schools of this State,
when a copy thereof shall have been filed or recorded in the
offices of the legal examining officer or officers of the county,
township, city or district where such person expects to teach.
Such certificate shall not be liable to be annulled except by the
said board of regents; but its effect may be suspended in any
county, township, city or district and the holder thereof may
be stricken from the list of qualified teachers in such county,
township, city or district by the legal examining officer or
officers of the said county, township, city or district for any
cause and in the same manner that such examining officer or
officers may be by law authorized to revoke certificates granted
by himself or themselves, and such suspension shall continue in
force until revoked by the authority suspending: Provided,
That the said board of regents may recognize and give credit
for work done in other educational institutions in the science
and art of teaching, if said work is equivalent to the work done
in the university of Michigan.

Sec. 2 repeals Act 144, 1891.


An Act to authorize the State Board oi! Education to grant teachers'
certificates in certain cases.

[Act 130, 1S93.]

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

(173.) 4805. SECTION 1. That the State Board of Ed- state board
ucation is hereby empowered, and shall grant teachers' certifi- ceruStes to
cates without examination to any person who has received a sons ai etc er
bachelor's, master's, or doctor's degree from any college in this
State having a course of study actually taught in such col-
lege, of not less than four years, in addition to the preparatory
work necessary for admission to the university of Michigan,
upon the recommendation from the faculty of such college
stating that in their judgment the applicant is entitled to re-
ceive such certificate and in addition thereto, a course in the
science and art of teaching of at least one college year of five
and a half hours per week, which shall have been approved by
said board of education, which course shall have been taken
by such person who shall have received a diploma therefor, and
shall include a thorough examination of the applicant by the
college granting such diploma, as to qualification and fitness
for teaching ; and provided that if said person furnishes to proviso,
said board satisfactory proof of having successfully taught
for three years in the schools of this State, said certificate shall
be a life certificate. If such proof is not furnished said board,
then such certificate shall be for four years only, and a life
certificate may at any time thereafter be issued by said board
upon the filing of such proof. Such certificate shall entitle the
holder to teach in any of the schools of this State without ex-
amination, provided a copy of the same shall have
been filed or recorded in the office of the legal examining officer
or officers of the county, city, township or district in which
such person is to teach, and shall be annulled only by the State Annulled by
Board of Education, and by it, only for cause. whom -

(174.) 4806. SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of the said Duty of
board of education to carefully examine any course of study board>
in the science and art of teaching that may be submitted to it
by the trustees of any college, and, if satisfactory, to furnish
such trustees with a written certificate approving the same. .

(175.) 4807. SEC. 3. If, at any time, the said board of when instruc-
education shall conclude that any college, the graduates of dut n y d S?bStrd.
which may desire to receive such certificate, is not giving such
instruction in the science and art of teaching and in the other
branches as shall be approved by said board, then said board
shall so determine by a formal resolution, and shall give notice
thereof to the trustees of such college, and thereafter no teach-
ers' certificates shall be given by said board to the graduates
of such college until said board shall be satisfied that proper



instruction in the science and art of teaching and in [the]
other branches is given by such college, and shall certify such
fact to the trustees of such college.


An Act to provide for the election of a county commissioner of schools,
for the appointment of school examiners, [and] to define the duties
and fix the compensation for the same, and to repeal all existing acts
or parts of acts conflicting with the provisions of this act.

[Act 147, 1891.]

Election of
county com-
missioner of

Term of office.

of school

Term of office.

of examiners.

Who eligible
to appoint-

how filled.

Oath of office

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

(176.) 4808. SECTION 1. That at the meetings of the
several boards of supervisors of the different counties of the
State, to be held on the fourth Monday in June, eighteen hun-
dred ninety-one, the said several boards of supervisors
shall elect a county commissioner of schools for their respect-
ive counties, whose term of office shall commence on the fourth
Tuesday of August next following, who shall hold his or her
office until the first day of July, eighteen hundred ninety-three,
or until his or her successor shall be elected and qualified. Said
board of supervisors shall also on said fourth Monday of June,
appoint two persons as school examiners, who, together with
said commissioner of schools, shall constitute a board of
school examiners. One of said school examiners shall be ap-
pointed for a period of one year and the other for a period of
two years, from and after the second Monday of October next
after their appointment, or until their successors have been
appointed and qualified; and thereafter such boards of super-
visors shall, at each annual session, appoint one examiner,
who shall hold his office for a period of two years, or until his
successor shall have been appointed and qualified. Any person
shall be eligible to the office of examiner who shall hold, or
shall have held within three years next preceding his appoint-
ment, at least a second grade certificate, and has taught in the
public schools at least nine months, or who has the qualifi-
cations required of commissioner in section three of this act,
except an experience of twelve months as teacher : Provided,
That this shall not apply to present incumbents of the office
of school examiner. In case a vacancy shall occur at any time
in the office of school examiner, the judge of probate, together
with the board of school examiners of the county in which
such vacancy shall have occurred, shall, within ten days after
the occurrence of such vacancy, appoint some suitable person
to fill such vacancy. And the person so appointed shall hold
the office for the unexpired portion of the term, or until his or
, her successor is appointed and has qualified. Within ten days


after such commissioners or examiners shall have received
legal notice of his or her election, he or she shall take and
subscribe the constitutional oath of office, and the same shall
be filed with the county clerk. The said county commissioner, Bond.
so appointed, shall execute a bond with two sufficient sureties
to be approved by and filed with the county clerk, in the penal
sum of one thousand dollars, conditioned that he or she shall
faithfully discharge the duties of his or her office according
to law, and to faithfully account for and pay over to the
proper persons all moneys which may come into his or her
hands by reason of his or her holding such office; and there- county clerk
upon the county clerk shall report the name and postoffice
address of such county commissioner to the State superin-
tendent of public instruction.

Am. 1901, Act 43.

This act supersedes cliap. 12 of the primary school law (in Chapter 116).
As to the election of school examiner under that law, as amended by Act
266 of 1887, see Conrad v Stone, 78 / 685.

(177.) 4809. SEC. 2. There shall be elected at the elec- commis-
tion held on the first Monday in April, nineteen hundred three, 1]^' Jinn 1
and every fourth year thereafter, in each county, one commis- etc.
sioner of schools, whose term of office shall commence on the
first day of July, next following his or her election, and who
shall continue in office four years, or until his or her suc-
cessor shall be elected and qualified. The county commissioner To file oath
of schools elected under the provisions of this section shall and bond -
file with the county clerk, for the county for which he or she
is elected, his or her oath of office and bond, the same as pro-
vided in section one of this act, and the county clerk shall
make the same report to the superintendent of public instruc-
tion in all respects as provided in section one of this act: Pro- Proviso, as to
vided, That in the county of Chippewa the commissioner of
schools heretofore elected on the first Monday in April, nine-
teen hundred three, shall hold office until the first day of Jan-
uary, nineteen hundred nine, or until his successor shall be
elected and qualified. Hereafter, in the said county of Chip-
pewa, a commissioner of schools shall be elected at the general
election to be held in November, nineteen hundred eight, and

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Online LibraryMichiganGeneral school laws : with an appendix of blank forms → online text (page 9 of 20)