Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

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Miller, Grace Montgomery 4115 Washington av

Moore, Charles Whippo 61 Vandcventer pi.

Nicholson, Clara Belle 516 N. Garrison av.

Pirscher, Charles Frederick, A. B., 189G 1115 Victor st.

Russell, Jennie Belle 1746 Missouri av.

Schulenburg, Ellen 2822 Eads av.

Schultz, Mary 3U0 Eads av.

Setz, Carl Frederick Bonne Terre, Mo.

Siddy, Katherine Webster Groves, Mo

Steele, Helen Pomeroy 2825 Washington av.

Stix, Cora 3135 Washington av.

Strache, Albert Henry 3305 Russell av.

Stuart, James Lyall 4223 W. Belle pi.

Tredway, Emily Greeley 1535 Locust st.

Tyler, Eleanor Murdock 3215 Lucas av.

Weinrich, Ella Amalie 30 Benton pi.

Whitelaw, Margaret Gray 8234 Pine st.

Total, 57.



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30 WASHINGTON UNIVERSlfT.

SUMMARY

Seniors * 22

Juniors 13

Sophomores 24

Freshmen ... 36

Special students 57

Total, 151



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COUBSfeS OF IKStBUCTIOK. 3 1



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION PROVIDED IN THE
UNDERGRADUATE DEPARTMENT.

GREEK.
Professor Water house. Three times a week.

1. Herodotus (selections).

2. Homer (selections). Isocrates; The Panegyric.

3. Demosthenes on the Crown; Thucydides (selections).

4. Selections from the Tragedians.

5. Selections from the Tragedians .

6. Plato (selections).

LATIN.
Professor Jackson, Three times a week.

1. Livy; Second Panic War. Books XXI -XXX.

2. Horace ; Odes and Epodcs ; Satires and Epistles (selections)

3. Cicero ; Philosophical Works (selections) ; Letters.

4. Plautus, Terence, Juvenal (selections).

5. Tacitus; Annals and H istories (selections).

6. Suetonius; Seneca, Moral Essays; Quintilian.

7. Seneca, Tragedies; Martial, Epigrams; Lucretius.

8. Pliny, Letters ; Catullus, Tibulius, Propertius (selections).

ENGLISH.

Professor Dixon and Mr, Perry.

1. The elementary laws of all writing. Canons of correct
usage in language. The function of grammars and dic-
tionaries. Analysis of sentences. English idioms —
auxiliary verbs, conditional sentences, relative pronouns,



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32 WA8HINOTON UNIVBBSITr.

etc. Literary forms — the paragraph, article, essay. The
rules of letter- writing. Tv>o hours a week.

Exercises in composition and analysis.

Elocution. One hour a loeek.
2. Modern English prose, especially in the departments of
narrative and exposition. Framing of synopses and
abstracts. Studies in Macaulay and Emerson. Two
hours a week.

Elocution. One hour a week.
3 English prose from Sidney and Dryden to Arnold, Newman,
and Lowell. Lectures on the development of English
prose. Two hours a loeek.

Fortnightly compositions, with criticism, on modern every-
day topics. One hour a week,
4. Modern poetry : Wordsworth, Keats, Tennyson, Bro^vning.
Sonnet literature. Itco hours a toeek.

The laws of versification, witli exercises. One hour a
week,
5 Oratory as a branch of literature. The composition of an
oration. Two hours a week.

Rise and growth of the English novel. Exercises in story-
writing. Uistory of journalism and the essay. One hour
a week,
C. Shakespeare; Iiis life and literary career; the quartos and
folios. English and German editors and commentators ;
textual criticism. Critical reading of one play (1897,
Lear). Exercises in analyzing the structure of the play,
and the development and interaction of the characters.
Three hours a week.

7. Spenser, Milton (1697, Samson Agonistes), Pope. Two hours

a week.
Philology. One hour a week.

8. Early English and dialect literature. Ballad literature.

Chaucer and Burns. Three hours a week.
9-10. Elocution; open to those who have taken the Elocution
in courses 1 and 2. Three hours a week.



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COUB8E8 OF INSTBUCTION. 83

GERMAN.

Professor ffeller. Three times a week.

1-2. Elementary Courses. Accidence; Translation from
German into English and from English into German;
German Conversation. Reading: Zschokke, der
zerbrochene Krug; Fischer^ die wandelnde Glocke^
Leander, TrUnmereien^ Storm, Immensee.
Prescribed for Freshmen who did not present Gferman for
<idmission,

3-4. German Syntax ; Prose Composition. Joynes-Meissner, H,
p. Jagemann, Syntax and Composition; German Con-
versation; Reading: Softer ^ das Heidedorf; Freytag^
der Uittmeister von Alt- Rosen; Meyer, Gustav Adolf s
Page, and a short comedy.

5-6. Composition continued; History of German Literature:
Xvans, Abrlss der d. Litteraturgesch. Petermann, Lese-
buch. Reading: Le«s(n^, Minna von Bamhelm; Goethe^
Hermann u. Dorothea, Iphlgenie auf Taurls; Schiller^
das Lied von der Glocke, Wallenstein ; Home-Reading .

7-8. Literature of the nineteenth century. Reading: Works
of Heine, Auerbach, Oeibel, ScheffeU Freytag, SchUcking.
Spielhagan, Heyse, Wildenbruch, Baumbach, and Seidel;
Essays.

9-10. Introduction to the history of the German Language
(Weise); Middle-High-German Grammar (Paul); Read-
ing: Nibelungenlied; Hartmann von Aue; Walther
von der Vogelweide; Ulrich von Liechtenstein (In the
original).
Courses 5-10 are conducted in German, 10 is offered primarily

to students of German parentage and is the basis of a four-
years^ course.

FRENCH.
Mr. Dumay. Three times a week.
1. Elementary Course. Pronunciation; Easy Conversation;
Elementary Grammar.



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34 WASHINGTON UNIVER8ITT.

2. More advanced conversation; Study of Idioms; Translation
from French into English ; Grammar.
Courses 1 and 2 are prescribed for Freshmen who did not
present French for admission,
3-4. Grammatical Study; Translation and Letter- Writing ;

Conversation.
5-6. French Literature of the XVI and XVII centuries, with
illustrative readings. Principles of French Composition.

7. Modern Literature from the beginning of the XVIII century

to 1815, with collateral reading.

8. Contemporary Literature, 1816-1892, with collateral reading.

PHILOSOPHY.
Professor Dixon, Three times a weelc.
Logic. Province of Logic. Terms. Extension and intension ;
Logic and language. Propositions and their conversion;
the predicables; division and definition. The Syllogism;
regular, irregular and compound conditional arguments.
Fallacies and the l)est methods of treating them. Argu-
ment in orations and general literature.

POLITICAL ECONOMY.
*Mr, Hatfield, Three times a week.

1. Principles of Political Economy. A course for beginners,

using Mill's Principles of Political Economy as the text-
book.

2. Advanced Political Economy. Marshall's Principles of

Economics.

3. Descriptive Political Economy. A brief study of some of the

practical Economic problems including the Tariff , Money,
Banking and Railroads.
Open to those who have completed Course 1.

4. Financial History of the United States.

Open to those who have completed Courses 1 and 2.

* DarlDff 1896-97 these Coarses are condooted by Mr. Stuart.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 35

5. TariflF History of the United States.

Open to those who have completed Courses 1 and 2.

HISTORY.
Professor Snow. Three times a week.

1 . History of England from Henry VII. to the end of the Stuart

Period. Lectures and recitations.

2. History of England; Modem Period.

3. History of France under the Bourbon Kings to the Revolu-

tion.

4. The Revolution and the Empire.

5. MediaBval Germany ; The Holy Roman Empire to the Peace

of Westphalia.

6. Eastern Europe since the Fall of the Western Empire.

7. Constitutional History; Constitution of the United States;

Comparison of American and European Governments.

8. Elements of International Law, with Study of Treaties.

Half course.

9. General European History; Review and Philosophical Dis-

CQSSion. Half course,
10. History of Art. Half Course: once a week throughout the
year. Mr. Holmes Smith.

MATHEMATICS.
Three times a week.

1 . Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. Professor Pritchett.

2. Higher Algebra. Professor Pritcheit.
8. Analytic Geometry. Professor Engler.

♦4. DlflFerentlal Calculus. Professor Engler.

♦5. Integral Calculus. Professor Woodxoard.

6. Method of Least Squares. Professor Pritcheit.

7. Differential Equations. Professor Woodward.

8. Quaternions. Professor Woodward.

* Mathematics 4 and 5, /our times a week.



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36 WASHINGTON UNIVEBSITT.

9. Higher Plane Curves. Professor Engler,
10. Theory of Functions. Professor Engler.

MECHANICS.
Professor Woodward.

1. Graphical Statics. Stress Diagrams for Frames, Trusses and

Bridges analyzed and drawn to scale. Two lectures a
week.

2. General Principles of Statics and Dynamics with illustratlye

examples. Four hours a week.

3. Rotation of Rigid Bodies. Character and distribution of

Stress. Strength and Stiffness of Girders and Shafts.
Four hours a week.

4. Kinematics, Mechanism, including the general theory of

transmission of energy by Gearing, Liquids, Belts, etc.,
with and without friction. Two hours a week,

5. Deflection of beams and girders and the Torsion of Shafts.

Two hours a week.

6. Elementary Principles of Thermodynamics. Efficiency of

compressed air. General Equations applied to problems of
evaporation, condensation and refrigeration. Two hours a
week.

PHYSICS.

1. Elementary Mechanics, including the Mechanics of Fluids.

Two lectures or recitations and two hours of laboratory work
a week. Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley.

2. Optics. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of Idbora-

tary work a week. Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley.

3. Heat. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of laboratory

work a week. Professor Nipher and Mr. Kinsley,

4. Electricity and Magnetism. Tioo lectures or recitations and

two hours of laboratory work a week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Kfnsley.

5. Laboratory instruction in Electrical Measurements, Includ-

ing measurement of resistances, E. M. F. of batteries, the



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COUBSES OP INSTBUCTION. 87

calibration of amperemeters and voltmeters, electrolytic
measurements, magnetic determinations, heating effect
of onrrents, electrical detorminatlona of Joule^s equiva-
lent. Six hour$ a wmU- ProfeB$or Nipher.

6, IntrodactioQ to the matUematical theory of Electricity and

Mftgnetism, including the theory of Potential ; capacity of
bodies ; energy of electrical systems ; electrometers and
electrostatic voltmeters, theory of magnetic measure-
ments, magnetic fields due to electric currents, electrical
indnctioui theory of dynamos and electric motors, alter-
pating currents, tri-phased systems. Three hours aweek.

Professor Nipher,

7, Dynamo-electric Machinery, including a discussion of the

theory of series, shunt and compound dynamos and
motors, conditions of efficiency of dynamos and motors,
conditions of economic operations, transformers and
transformer systems, electric ligiiting stations, electric
railways, power stations, and secondary batteries. • Three
ls6tUFe$ a week, Mr. Kinsley.

9, Laboratory work in testing electrical machinery. Three
hours a week, Mr. Kinsley.

9. Designing of electrical maohinery. Six hours a week.

Mr, Kinsley.

10. KlectrlCAl Transmisslop of power and l^^ight, and the study

of tbe deeigolng of ipachinery for specific output and

epooow^* TiBo hours a w»ek of lectures and two hours of

laboratory work. Mr. Kinsley.

11-12. Dealgnlng of Electrical Machinery. Six hours a week.

Mr. Kinsley,
13-14. Laboratory Work. Six hours a week, Mr, Kinsley.

15. Mathematical theory of Electricity and Magnetism. Three

hours a week. Professor Nipher.

16. The same continued. Three hours a week.

Professor Nipher.



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36 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

CHBMISTBT.

1-2. General Descriptive Chemistry. Lectures, laboratory
work and recitations. General theories of chemistry.
Description of the elements and their compounds. Six
hours a week. Professor Sanger and Dr. LazeU,

Courses 1-2 must precede all others.
3-4. Qualitative Analysis, mainly laboratory work. Six hours
a week. Professor Sanger and Dr. LaUU.

5-6. Quantitative Analysis, Elementary, mainly laboratory
work. Fundamental principles of gravimetric and vol-
umetric analysis. Six hours a week.

Professor Sanger and Dr. LazeU.
Courses 5-6 may be taken with courses 3-4 at the pleasure
of the instructor.
7-8. Quantitative Analysis, Advsinced. Laboratory work. An-
alysis of commercial and industrial materials and
products. Sanitary examination of foods, water, etc.
Gas Analysis. A knowledge of German is desirable.
Six hours a week.

Professor Sanger and Adjunct- Professor Hunicke.
Courses 7-8 must be preceded by courses 6-6.
9-10. Carbon Compounds. Lectures on the syntheses of the
carbon compounds. Preparation of compounds illus-
trative of general synthetic methods. A knowledge of
German is essential. Three to six hours a week.

Professor Sanger.
Courses 9-10 must be preceded by courses 3-4 and 6-6.

11. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. Lectures on the his-

tory of chemistry and discussion of chemical theory.

Three hours a week. Professor Sanger,

Course 11 must be preceded by courses 3-4, 5-6, and 9-10.

12. Crystallography and Descriptive Mineralogy. Lectures

and conferences. Two hours a week,

Adjunct-Professor Hunieke.



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C0UBSE8 OF INSTRUCTION. 89

13. Determinative Mineralogy. Lectures and laboratory

work. Determination of minerals by means of the
blow-pipe. Three hours a week,

Adjunct-Professor Hunicke.
Course 13 must be preceded by course 12.

14. Physical Crystallography. Lectures and conferences.

Determination of crystal forms and optical constants.
Three hours a week. Adjunct-Professor Hunicke,

15. Assaying. Fire assays of gold^ silver and lead ores and

smelting products. Laboratory work. Three hours a

week. Adjunct-Professor Hunicke,

Course 15 must be preceded by courses 3-4, 5-6, 12 and 13.

16. General Metallurgy. Lectures. Outline of metallur-

gical processes for the production of the most common
metals. Three hours a week,

Adjunct-Professor Hunicke,

17. Special metallurgy. Lectures and conferences. Special

processes used in the production of iron, steel, copper,
lead, zinc, silver, gold, etc. Three hours a week.

Adjunct- Professor Hunicke,
Courses 16 and 17 must be preceded by courses 8-4, 6-6,
12 and 18.

18. Chemical Technology. Lectures and conferences. The

discussion of processes of manufacture of acids, alka-
lies, and salts; cements, ceramics, and glass. Three
hours a week. Adjunct- Professor Hunicke.

Courses 18-19 must be preceded by courses 8-4, 6-6, 7-8,
and 9-10.

19. Chemical Technology. The industries of the fats and

oils; destructive distillation of wood and coal; starch,
sugar, beer and spirits; fertilizers; fibre industries;
working up of by-products. Three hours a week.
Adjunct- Professor Hunicke.
20-21. Research in Theoretical Chemistry. Laboratory work
and reference to chemical journals. Investigation of



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40 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

some subject in inorganic or organic chemistry. Prep-
aration of tliesis or monograph for publication.

Professor Sanger.
22-28. Research in Applied Chemistry. Laboratory work and
reference to chemical journals. Investigation of some
subject of direct practical value In sanitary chemistry,
technical chemistry or analytical chemistry. Prepara-
tion of a thesis or a monograph for publication.

Professor Sanger and Adjunct-Pi'nfessor Hunicke,

BOTANY.

Professor Trelease and two Assistants. Three times a week.

1 . Elementary Morphology and Organography, with refer-

ence to Ecology and Systematic Botany. Lectures
and demonstrations.

2. Elementary Anatomy and Phanerogamic Botany. Labor-

atory work.
8. Synoptical Study of the Cryptogams. Laboratory work.

4. A special study of some group of Cryptogams.

5. Methods of Vegetable Histology. Laboratory work.

6. Histology and Morphology of the Higher Plants.

Laboratory work.

7. A laboratory study of the minute anatomy of the lower

Cryptogams.

8. Technical Microscopy of Timbers. Laboratory work;

a half course.

9. Economic Botany. Lectures and laboratory demon

stratlons.
10-11. Applied Mycology. Laboratory work.
12-13. Garden Botany. Laboratory study of cultivated plants,

at the Botanical Garden.
14-16. Vegetable Physiology. Laboratory work.
16-17. Bacteriological Technique. Laboratory work.

It is Intended that course 1 shall always be followed by course
2, the two being preparatory to other electlves. For the pres-



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CODRflRg OV INSTRUCTION. 41

oDt, unless especial reason to the contrary exists, coarses I and
2 only will be given each year, the remaining electives being
offered the alternate years, as follows : —

For 1896-97.

First term, courses 1, S, 12, 14, and 16.
Second term, courses 2, 4, 9, 13, 16, and 17.

For 1897-98.

First term, courses 1, 5, 8, 10, and 16.
Second term, courses 2, 6, 7, and 11.

Students who have taken courses 1 and 2, or have had their
equivalent elsewhere, are admitted to any of the other element-
ary electives which can be taken without conflict with other
University work; but students who desire to equip themselves
as botanists are advised to take the electives as nearly as pos*
sible in the order in which they are offered, and on the com-
pletion of the elective courses should expect to devote not less
than ten hours a week through an entire year to some piece
of research work, selected under the advice of the Professor of
Botany.

Special post-graduate study or investigation Is planned to
meet the needs of students, so far as the facilities of the School
of Botany and the Botanical Qarden permit.

ASTRONOMY.
Professor Pritchett,

1, Descriptive Astronomy. Lectures and recitations, with

occasional work at the Observatory. Three hours a weik,

2. Practical Astronomy, ^applications of Astronomy in deter-

mination of Time, Latitude, Longitude and Azimuth. Tvoo
hours recitation, tvoo hours observatory work. Spherical
Trigonometry will be required for entrance to either of
these courses.
The following courses are intended to form the basis of two

years professional training in Astronomy.

8. Spherical Astronomy. Spherical co-ordinates and changes



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42 WASHINGTON UNIVEBSITT.

of reference planes. Text — Bmnnow's Spherical Astron-
omy. Three houn a week.

4. Application of Spherical Astronomy with nse of fllar micro-

meter and equatorial telescope. Two hours lectures and
two hours observatory work.

5. Theory and Computation of Orbits. Three hours lectures or

recitations.

6. Theory of the Spectroscope and Study of Solar Physics.

7*100 hours lecture work and two hours observatory work.
For courses 8, 4, 5, and 6, preparation in Mathematics Is
required.

ZOOLOGY.
Adjunet-Frofessor Hambach. Three times a week.
1-2. Lectures and laboratory demonstrations.

GEOLOGY.
Adjunct-Professor Hambach.
I. General Course. Two hours a week,
2-3. Elementary and Systematic Geology. Three hours a week.
4-5. Paleontology. Three hours a week.
6. Petrography. Three hours a week,

DRAWING.
Mr, Smith,
I. Freehand Drawing in outline of groups of objects, both from
the objects themselves and from memory. The accurate
observation of form and its correct expression. The study
of proportions and the laws of perspective involved In
freehand drawing from objects.
Practical Freehand Lettering for use on plates and working

drawings.
Geometrical Drawing. Those problems in construction
that are needed in the study of descriptive geometry,
machine design, etc. Six hours a week.



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COURSES OP INSTRUCTION. 43

2. Geometrical Drawing continued.

Machine Drawing. Ttie making of working drawings from
actual measurement of mactiines and parts of machines.
The making of tracings and blue prints. JSix hours a
week.

3. Freehand Drawing and Shading from objects with pencil,

pen and ink, and wash. The study of light and shade as
a means of expressing form on a flat surface. The
methods of suggesting in sketches the character of dif-
ferent materials.
Isometric Drawing from actual measurement or from
sketches. In this work the drawings are line shaded.
Four hours a week.

4. The essentials of Linear Perspective, with problems.
The use of water color. Two hours a week,

DESCRlPriVE GEOMETRY.
Professor Engler, Three times a week.

1. General problems of points, lines and planes; single curved,

double curved and warped surfaces.

2. Tangency, intersections, shades and shadows, linear per-

spective.

SHOP-WORK.

1. Joinery; use and care of hand tools. Wood turning; center

and face plate work. Six hours a week. Mr. Svoaford.

2. Iron and steel forging; bending, drawing, upsetting, punch-

ing, splitting, welding, and tempering. Six hours a
week, Mr, Jones.

3. Bench and machine work in metals; turning, boring, screw

cutting, drilling, planing, chipping and filing. Four
hours a week. Mr. McFarland,

CIVIL ENGINEERING.

1. Elements of Surveying, including the theory and practice of
the use and adjustment of all the ordinary surveying in-



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44 WASHIHOTOH UMITKBSITr.

strnmeDts, such as the compass, loyel, transiti pUun-
meter, tapes, chains, etc. { also the theory aii4 praoUce of
simple land sarveying and leveling, Ti»o ncUaUons a
t»eek, with field practice Saturday forenoon,

Mr. Van Omum.
*i. Topographical, Mining, and Bailroad Snrveying, including
the theory and practice of topographicul surveying by the
transit and stadia method and also by the plane table;
problems in layiug out simple and compound curves and
turnouts, the passing of obstructions, adjustment of
curves, etc., iu railroad surveying. TiDo recitatione a
uteek, with field practice Saturday forenoon,

Mr, Van Orwum,

3. Surveying in the Field. Three weeks devoted to actual field

practice by Sophomores who have taken courses 1 and 2,
and Juniors in Civil Engineering, who have taken course
4 . This practice includes the topographical survey of a con-
siderable tract of ground with an irregular surface, for the
purpose of mapping it with five-foot contours, this survey
being based on a system of triangulation and levels which
forms a part of the work of the survey. ▲ railroad line is
also located from a contour map which is made In the
field, and the earth- work upon it computed. Determina-
tions are also made by the students for latitude, time, and
azimuthj and various other special problems worked out
praetically. The map of this survey Is drawn only by
the civil engineering students in the first term of the
Junior year. This class goes to a suitable point at a dis-
tance from the city for this work.

Professor Johnson and Mr. Van Ornvm.

4. Higher Surveying, including city, hydraulic, and geodetic

surveying, with the principles of the construction (^ maps,
also the principles governing the economic location of
railways; also the drawing of the map of the Summer
School of Surveying made the previous June. Four recita-
tUme a week, fileld praeUce Saturday forenoon, and four
houre a week in the drawing room, Mr. Van Ornum.



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OOUR8S8 OF IN8TRU0TI0K. 46

5. Stereotomy. Application of Descriptiye Geometry to stone

cuttiDg, including groined, cloistered, and skew arches.
Three houn a week, Frofeeeor Engler.

6. The analysis of Stresses in Framed Strnctares, Including

both analytical and graphical determinations of stresses in
varions styles of roof trasses, and of highway and rail-
way bridges for distributed and concentrated, fixed and
moving loads. Three redtatione a week. Mr. Van Ornum,

7. The Designing of Framed Structures. The analysis of sus-

pension, draw, and arch bridges, and an analytical study
of the principles involved in the designing of the general
and detail portions of the more common styles of bridges
and roofs ; also the preparation of drawings showing all the
details of some existing iron bridge, made from actual
measurements taken by the students, and complete origi-
nal designs of a plate girder, of a trussed roof, and of a
highway bridge. Four recitatione a week, arid eight hours a
week drawing- room work. Professor Johnson.

8. Short Course in Framed Structures. Designed for technica-

students not taking the course in Civil Engineering. Sim-
ple methods of analysis of stresses in framed structures,
the principles governing the construction of joints, and
the practical designing of a simple roof truss by the stu-
dent. Two recitations a week. Professor Johnson,

9. Masonry Structures. The principles and practice of build-

ing masonry foandations, retaining wallSj dams, arches,
chimneys, etc., together with the study of the strength of



Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 15 of 70)