Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

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Laboratory w^ork. Adjunct- Professor Hunicke.
Course 16 must be preceded by courses 3-4, 18-14, and 16.

17. General Metallurgy. Three hours a week for the first
half-year. Lectures. Processes, types of furnaces,
fuels, preparation of ores, refining. Adjunct- Professor

Course 17 is intended primarily for chemists, and must be

preceded by courses 8-4, 6-6, and 18-14.
18-19. Metallurgy. Three hours a week. Lectures. General

metallurgy and special processes used in the production

of iron, steel, copper, lead, zinc, silver, gold, etc. Ad^

junct- Professor Hunicke.
Course 18-19 is intended primarily for metallurgists, and

must be preceded by courses 3-4, 6-6, and 13-14.

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20-21. Chemical Technology. Three hours a week. Lectures.
Description and discussion of commercial processes.
Visits to manufactories. Adjunet^Profe»9or Bunicke,
Course 20-21, must be preceded by courses 8-4, 6-6, 7-8,
and 9-10.

22-23. Research in Theoretical Chemistry. Laboratory worlc
and reference to chemical journals. Investigation of
some subject in inorganic or organic chemistry. Prep-
aration of thesis or monograph for publication. Pro^
fessar Sanger.

21-25. Research in Applied Chemistry. Laboratory work and
reference to chemical journals. Investigation of some
subject of direct practical value in sanitary chemistry,
technical chemistry or analytical chemistry. Prepara-
tion of a thesis or monograph for publication. PrO'
fessar Sanger^ Adjuncl-ProfesMor Hunicke and Mr.

Professor Trelease and two Assistants.

1. Elementary Morphology and Organography, with refer-
ence to Ecology and Systematic Botany. Lectures and
demonstrations by the Professor, as a full study through
the first term.

2. Elementary Anatomy and Phanerogamic Botany. Labor-
atory work under the General Instructor, as a full study
through the second term.

3. Synoptical Study of the Cryptogams. Laboratory work
under the Instructor in Cryptogamic Botany, as a full
study through the first term, followed, if desired,

4. A special study of some group of Cryptogams, as a full
study through the second term.

5. Methods of Vegetable Histology. Laboratory work
under the General Instructor, as a full course through
the first term.

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6. Histolop:y and Morphology of the Higher Plants.
Laboratory work under the General Instructor, as a full
study through the second term, accompanied, if desired,

7. A laboratory study of the minute anatomy of the lower
Cr}'ptogams, under the Instructor in Cryptogamic
Botany, as a full course for the same term .

8. Technical Microscopy of Timbers. Laboratory work
under the Professor, as a half course during the first

9. Economic Botany. Lectures by the Professor, supple-
mented by laboratory demonstrations by the Instructors,
as a full course for the second term.

10-11. Applied Mycology. Laboratory work under the In-
structor in Cryptogamic Botany, as a full course extend-
ing through the year.
12-13. Garden Botany. Laboratory study of cultivated plants,
at the Botanical Garden, under the Director and bis
Assistants for one or two terms.
14. Vegetable Physiology. Laboratory work under the

General Instructor, as a full course for the first term.
16. Bacteriological Technique. Laboratory work under the
Instructor in Cryptogamic Botany, as a half -course dur-
ing the first term.
It is intended that course 1 shall always -be followed by course
2, the two being preparatory to other electives. For the pres-
ent, unless especial reason to the contrary exists, courses 1 and
2 only will be given each year, the remaining electives being
offered in alternate years, as follows: —
As offered for 1896-6.

First term, courses 1, 6, 8, 10, and 16.
Second term, courses 2, 6, 7, and 11.
As offered for 1896-7.

First term, courses 1, 3, 12, and U.
Second term, courses 2, 4, 9, and 18.
Students who have taken courses 1 and 2, or have had their

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equivalent elsewhere, are admitted to any of the other element-
ary electives whi<Sh can be taken without conflict with other
University work; but students who desire to equip themselves
as botanists are advised to take the electives as nearly as pos-
sible in the order in which they are offered, and on the com-
pletion of the elective courses should expect to devote not less
than ten hours per week through an entire year to some piece
of research work, selected under the advice of the Professor of

Special post-graduate study or investigation is planned to
meet the needs of students, so far as the facilities of the School
of Botany and the Botanical Garden permit.

ProfesBor Pritchett.

1. Descriptive Astronomy. Lectures and recitations, with occa-

sional work at the Observatory.

2, Practical Astronomy. Applications of Astronomy in deter-

mination of Time, Latitude, Longitude and Azimutli.
Two hours recitation, two hours observatory work.
Spherical Trigonometry will be required for entrance to
either of these courses.
The following courses are Intended to form the basis of two

years professional training in Astronomy.

8. Spherical Astronomy: Spherical co-ordinates and changes
of reference planes. Text — Brunnow^s Spherical Astron-
omy. Three hours per week.

4. Application of Spherical Astronomy with use of filar micro-

meter and Equatorial telescope. Two hours lectures and
two hours observatory work.

5. Theory and Computation of Orbits. Three hours lectures or


6. Theory of the Spectroscope and Study, of Solar Physics.

Two hours lecture work and two hours observatory work.
For courses 3, 4, 5, and 6, preparation in Mathematics is

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AdJMmcl'ProfeMsor Hamback.

1, 2. Zoology. Lectures and Laboratorj demonstrations.

3. Geology. Half course.

4. Elementary and Systematic Geology.
6. Lithology.

6. Economic Geology.

7. Palaeontology.

8. Petrography.

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Prescribed Studies.

English, courses 1 and "I, three times a week.

German, courses 1 and 2, or French, courses 1 and 2, for
those who do not present hoth of these languages for admission.
Three times a week.

Elective Studies.

In addition to the prescribed studies, every Freshman is re*
qaired to take elective studies amounting to six full courses.
No Freshman may elect more than one course in the same subject
without the consent of the Dean.

The following courses are open to Freshmen : —

Greek, 1, 2.

Latin, 1,2.

English, 1, 2.

German, 1, 2.

French, 1, 2.

History, 1, 2.

Mathematics, l, 2, 3.

Applied Mathematics, 1, 2, 4, 5.

Physics, 1, 2.

Chemistry, 1, 2.

Botany, 1, 2.

A Freshman who is qualified to take a higher course in any
study named above may do so, with the permission of the
instructor of the coarse and the Dean of the College.

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The prescribed work of the Sophomore and Junior years
consists of : —

English, courses 8, 4, and 5, 6.

Besides the prescribed courses every Sophomore and every
Junior is required to take eight elective courses, or an equivalent
amount of courses and half courses.

Eight courses, all elective, are required for the Senior year.


A Standing Committee of five members of the Faculty
is appointed annually to advise students of the College
in the choice of studies and to assist them in making a
wise arrangement of this work. . The Committee for the
year 1895-96 will consist of Professors Snow (Chairman),
Waterhouse, Pritchett, Trelease, Heller.


Every student is required to give notice in writing to
the Dean of the College on the first day of each term of
his choice of studies for that term.

Changes may be made only by permission of the Ad-
visers, to whom application must be made in writing,
with a full statement of reasons.

No student will be allowed to elect any course for
which his previous training has not fully prepared him.

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Time op Aduission.

Caodidates for admission to the School of Engineering
will present themselves for examination on Monday, June
15, 1896, in room No. 8, east wing of University Hall,
at 9 o'clock A. u. A second examination will be held
on Tuesday and Wednesday, September 22 and 23, for
such candidates as cannot be present in June.


All candidates for admission are required to furnish
testimonials of. good moral character, and students from
other institutions are required to present certificates of
honorable dismissal.

Candidates who divide the examination must furnish
their testimonials at the time of their final examination
for admission.

Requirements fob Admission to the Freshman Class.

I. Elements of English. The candidate will be asked
to write an essay on some familiar subject.
The essay must exhibit neat and readable hand-
writing; correct spelling and punctuation; the
proper construction of sentences ; clearness and
conciseness of expression.
II. Algebra^ through radicals and equations of the
second degi*ee.

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III. Elementary Plane and Solid Oeometry, Wells's

or Wentworth's Geometry or an equivalent.

IV. Languages, Two years of either French or Ger-

man ; or^ one year of French and one year of
German ; or, two years of Latin and one year
of either French or German.

[In June, 1897, and thereafter, the Language require-
ment will be as follows : —

Modem Language. Either French or Geiman
may be presented. The candidate must be able
to read prose at sight and to translate simple
English sentences into grammatical French or
German. This includes what is given under
German or French Courses 1 and 2 on pages 35
and 36 in this catalogue.]

V. History of the United States and of England, such
as is found in any histories intended for the use
of high schools.
VI, Elementary Physics, or Elementary Chemistry, See
full particulars below.
VII. Drawing,* (a.) The ability to make a free-hand
drawing in outline of a group of simple objects.
(6.) A knowledge of the use of drawing instru-

* The speciflcalions as given aboye wiU be adhered to for the exam-
inations of Jane and September, 1896. Specimen sheets showing the
character of the work reqaired ander each head, a, 6, and c, will be
famished on application to Mr. Holmes Smith, Washington tJolTerslty.

After the year 189&-7, requirement *'»" will be changed so aa to
read: —

(6.) A knowledge of the use of drawing Instrnmenta, of elementary
plane geometrical drawing, and of plane projection as applied to simple

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ments and of geometrical drawing, inelnding the
constniction of polygons and tangent circles,
(c.) Simple free-hand lettering.

For Elementary Chemistry, Examination on such books
as Remsen, '^ Introduction to the Study of Chemistry,"
or Sh^fHird, '^EUementsof Chemistry," and the presen-
tation of a laboratory note book in which the record of at
least thirty experiments has been kept by the student.

For Elementary Physics. Examination on such books as
Glee's '* Introduction to Physical Science; " or Apple-
ton's '^ School Physics ; " and the presentation of a note
book in which the record of at least forty experiments
made by the student is given with sufficient completeness
to be self-explanatory. Such works as Hall and Bergen's
^* Text Book of Physics " will be found useful in laying
out the experimental work. At least one-third of the
experiments should be quantitative in their character.

All examinations are in writing and together occupy
two days.*

Sels of old Examination Questions will be sent on
application. These questions will be very helpful, par-
ticularly in mathematics, drawing, and modem languages.

* The tnatmmento reqntred In the examiDfttion in drawing are:^

(a) A pencil and eraser.

(6) A pair of eompaesea and a triangle.

(e) An ordinary writing pen.


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50 washington university.

Division of the Examination.

A candidate for admission may, at his opinion, pass the
entire examination at one time ; or he may divide it (I)
between two years, or (2) between June and September
of the same year; provided he is prepared at the first
examination in not less than four of the subjects named
in the requirements for admission.

Candidates for the Freshman Class must be at least
sixteen years old.

Candidates for the Sophomore Class must be at least
seventeen years old, and must pass a satisfactory exam-
ination upon the studies of the Freshman year. Similar
requirements will be made of students desiring to enter
the higher classes.

Graduates of other institutions who can satisfy the
Faculty that they will cause no embarrassment, may be
admitted as Special Students in this Department. For
studies in a professional course, the special student must
be a graduate of a respectable institution in a similar
course of study.

At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Univer-
sity held in November, 1874, the following resolutions
were adopted : —

Resolved, on recommendation of the Faculty, and with
a view to the promotion of the best interests of learning
and science, and for the encouragement of young men to
obtain a complete education before entering upon a
professional career.

That the graduates of the College of the University

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shall have /ree admission to the the classes of the School of
EngineeriDg, either as regular or partial students, subject
to the rules and regulations of the sanoie.


The regular Curricula of study and instruction in this
. department are six in number, viz. : —

I. In Ciyil Engineering.

II. In Mechanical Engineering.
HI. In Electrical Engineering.
IV. In Mining and Metallurgy.

V. In Chemistry.
VI. In Science and Literature.

The characteristic woric of each curriculum is, of
course, the technical instruction in the lecture room and
laboratory; but a large amount of general training is
required as an essential basis for the technical work.
Upon the breadth of this general training and its thorough-
ness depends largely the success which attends profes-
sional study and the later professional practice.

Accordingly, the general studies will be rigidly insisted
upon. Experience abundantly proves that all attempts
to narrow the field and belittle the character of this gen-
eral training lower the value and dignity of a professional

The general and technical courses which combine to
make up the several curricula are given below.

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N. B. Unless otherwise stated, all ** Courses " contlnae for
one term, or half the school year.


Courses 1 and 2 as given on page 84.

Professor Dizon and Mr. Perry.


Courses 1, 2 and 3, as given on page 85.
Courses i, 5 and 6, for advanced students.

Professor Heller.


Courses 1, 2 and 8, as given on page 86.

Courses 4, 5 and 6, for advanced students. Mr. Duscay.


Solid Geometry. (This subject is not taught in the School of
Engineering as it is required in the Conditions of Admission.
It iS| however, taught to students in the College department.)

Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. Three hours per toeek.

Professor Pritchett.
Higher Algebra. Three hours per week.

Professor Pritchett.

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Plane Analytical Geometry. Three houn per week.

Professor Enolbr.

Differential Calculas and its Applications. Four hours per
week. Professor Englb r .

Integral Calcnlns and its Applications. Four hour* per week.

Professor Woodward.

Method of Least Squares. Two hours per week.

Professor Pritchbtt.

Differential Equations. Two hours per week.

Professor Woodward.



Graphical Statics. Stress Diagrams for Frames, Trusses and
Bridges analyzed and drawn to scale. Tioo lectures per

Professor Woodward.


General Principles of Statics and Dynamics with illustrative
examples. Four hours per week.

Professor Woodwabd.

Botatlon of Rigid Bodies; Character and distribution of Stress.
Strength and StifEness of Girders and Shafts. Four hours
per week. Professor Woodward.

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Kinematics, Mechaaism, Including the general theory of trans-
mission of energy by Gearing, Liquids, Belts, etc. Four
hours per week. Professor Woodwabb.


Elementary Principles of Thermodynamics. Efficiency of Com-
pressed air. Problems of Evaporation and Refrigeration.
Two hours per week. Professor Woodward.


Freehand Drawing in outline of groups of objects, both from
the objects themselves and from memory. The accurate
observation of form and its correct expression. The study
of proportions and the laws of perspective involved in
freehand drawing from objects.

Practical Freehand Lettering for use on plates and working

Geometrical Drawing. Those problems in construction that
are needed in the study of descriptive geometry, machine
design, etc. Six hours a week. Mr. Holmes Smith.


Geometrical Drawing continued.

Machine Drawing. The making of working drawings from
actual measurement of machines and parts of machines.
The making of Tracings and Blue Prints. Six hours a week,

Mr. Holmes Smith.

Freehand Drawing and Shading from objects with pencil, pen
and ink, and wash. The study of light and shade as a
means of expressing form on a flat surface. The methods
of suggesting in sketches the character of different

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Isometric Drawing from actual measurement or from sketches.
In this work the drawings are line shaded. Four hour$ a
week. Mr. Holmes Smith.

The essentials of Linear Perspective with problems.
The use of water color. Two hours a week.

Mr. Holmes Smith.



General problems of Points, Lines and Planes; Higher Curves;
Single Curved, Double Curved and Warped Surfaces.
Three hours per week.

Professor Enoler.

Tangency, Intersections, Shades and Shadows, Linear Per-
spective Three hours per week.

Professor Engler.

Joinery: Use and care of hand tools. Wood Turning: Center
and Face Plate work. Six hours per week.


Iron and Steel Forging: Bending, Drawing, Upsetting, Punch-
ing, Splitting, Welding, and Tempering. Six hours per
week. Mr. Jones.

Bench and Machine Work in Metals : Turning, Boring, Screw
Cutting, Drilling, Planing^ Chipping and Filing. Four
hours per week. Mr. MacFarland.

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Elements of SurveyiDg, includiDg the theory and practice of the
use and adjustment of all the ordinary surveying instru-
ments^ such as the compass, level^ transit, planimeter,
tapes, chains, etc. ; also the theory and practice of simple
land sur\'eying and leveling. Two recitations per week,
with field practice Saturday forenoon, Mr. Van Ornum.


Topographical, Mining, and Railroad Sun-eying, including the
theory and practice of topographical surveying by the
transit and stadia method and also by the plane table;
problems in laying out simple and compound curves and
turnouts, the passing of obstructions, adjustment of curves,
etc., in railroad surveying. Two recitations per week, with
field practice Saturday forenoon, Mr. Van Ornum.


Summer School of Surveying. The entire time for three full
weeks, beginning the first of June, is given to actual field
practice by the entire Sophomore class who have talsen
courses I and IT, and the Juniors in Civil Engineering,
who have taken course IV. This practice includes the
topographical survey of a considerable tract of ground
with an irregular surface, for the purpose of mapping it
with five-foot contours, this survey being based on a sys-
tem of triangulation and levels which forms a part of the
work of the survey. A railroad line is also located from a
contour map which is made in the field, and the earth-work
upon it computed. Determinations are also made by the
students for latitude, time, and azimuth, and various
other special problems worked out practically. The map
of this survey is drawn only by the civil engineering stu-

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dents in the first term of the Junior year. This class goes

to a suitable point at a distance from the city for this work.

Professor Johnson and Mr. Van Ornum.


Higher Surveying, including city, hydraulic, and geodetic sur-
veying, v?ith the principles of the construction of maps;
also the principles governing the economic location of
railways; also the drawing of the map of the Summer
School of Surveying made the previous June. Fatir rtcUa^
tiofis per week, field practice Saturday forenoon, and four
hours per week in the drawing room, Mr. Van Ornum.

St«reotomy. Application of Descriptive Geometry to Stone
Cutting, including Groined, Cloistered, and Skew Arches.
Three hours per teeek.

Professor Enoler.

The analysis of Stresses in Framed Structures, including both
analytical and graphical determinations of stresses in va-
rious styles of roof trusses, and of highway and railway
bridges for distributed and concentrated, fixed and moving
loads. Five recitations per week, Mr. Van Ornum.

The Designing of Framed' Structures. The analysis of susr
pension, draw, and arch bridges, and an analytical study of
the principles involved in the designing of the general and
detail portions of the more common styles of bridges and
roofs; also the preparation of drawings showing all the
details of some existing iron bridge, made from actual
measurements taken by the students, and complete original
designs of a plate girder, of a trussed roof, and of a high-
way bridge. Four recitations per week, and eight hours per
week drawing-room work. Professor Johnson.

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Short CoDrse in Framed Structures. Designed tor teclinical
students not talking tlie cour&e in Civil Engineering. Simple
methods of analysis of stresses in framed structures, the
principles governing the construction of joints, and the
practical designing of a simple roof truss by the student-
2 tDO recUations per week. Professor Jounsok.

Masonry Structures. The principles and practice of building
masonry foundations, retaining walls, dams, arches, chim-
neys, etc., together with the study of the strength of the
materials involved. Three recitations per week.

Mr. Van Orkum.


Engineering Materials. A review of the principles of mechanics
relating especially to the strength of materials, both inside
and beyond tiieir elastic limits, together with the descrip-
tion of methods of testing the strength of materials and
a discussion of the essential properties of the more com-
mon materials of engineering construction, such as Iron,
steel, wood, cement, stone, bricl^, etc. Two lectures per
week. ' Professor Johnson.


Testing Laboratory Practice. Experimental tests in the testing
laboratory made by the student on the strength of the vari-
ous kinds of engineering materials named in X. Thret
hours per week for one year. Mr. Van Ornum.

Hydraulics. A study of the theoretical and empirical laws of
the flow of water as related to orifices, weirs, pipes, canals,
natural channels, etc. Two recitations per week.

Professor Johnson.

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Irrigation and Drainage. The principles and practice of modem
irrigation methods^ inclnding a study of all the elements
of a complete irrigation scheme, and also a study of the
methods of drainage of land. T\oo recitations per week.

Professor Johnsoit.

City Water Supply. The principles and practice governing the

Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 3 of 70)