Mo.) Washington University (Saint Louis.

A catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. online

. (page 35 of 70)
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V fagemann^ Syntax and Composition; German
Conversation; Reading; Stifter^ das Heidedorf;
Freytagy der Rittmeister von Alt-Rosen; Meyer ^
Gustav Adolfs Page, and a short comedy.

5-C. Composition continued; History of German Literature
from its beginnrng to the death of Goethe, Read-
ing: Lessingy Minna von Barnhelm, Goethe^ Her-
mann u. Dorothea, Iphigenie auf Tauris; Schillet
das Lied von der Gloclie, Wallenstein; Home-Read-
ing.

7-8. History of German Literature from 1832-1897. Read-
ing: Works of Heine, Auerbach, Geibei, Scheffely
Freyiagy Schueckling, Spielhagen^ Heyse, Wilden-
b ruchy Baufnbachy Seidely Keller y Introduction to
vSeniinar-work.

9-10. Introduction to the history of the German Langua^
(IVeise). Middle-High German Grammar {Paul);
Reading; Nibelungt^nlied; Haftmann von Aue:
IVallhe 7'on der Vogelweide; Ulrich von Liech-
tenstein (in the original).

11-12. The poetical works of Goetho. One term devotwi to
tlie study of Faust; one term devoted to the other
metrical works.

13-14. History of (German Literature. An outline course.
Courses 5-14 are conducted in Gcrm:ui. Courses
9-10 are offered primarily to students of -German
parentage, and are the basis of ta four years' grad-
uate course. Courses 7-8 and 11-12 are given in
alternate years. Courses 9-10 and 13-14 are given
in alternate years. Students who elect German 13
are»advis(Hl to take History 5 at tlie same time.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 33

FRENCH.

Mr, Douay, Three times a week.

1. Elementary course: Pronunciation, elementary gram-

mar, easy colloquial French.

2. Elements of syntax. Reading and translation of French

prose.
A modem French comedy will be read as a part of
Course 2.

Courses i and 2 are prescribed for Freshman who did
not present French /or admission.

3. Reading, conversation, dictation. French syntax.

Translation of English Into French.

4. Reading. Conversation. Study of Idioms. Elements of

French composition. Outside reading.
5-6. Brief account of the development of French literature

to the XVII. century. French literature of the

XVII. century with Illustrative readings. French

essays on literary subjects.
7-8. French literature of the XVIII. and XIX. centuries,

with Illustrative readings. French essays.
N. B.— Courses 5-6, 7-8 are conducted In French. Recita-
tions and lectures.

LOGIC.

Professor Dixon. Three times a week.

Province of Logic. Terms. Extension and intension; Logic
and language. Propositions and their conversion; the
predleable; division aaid definition. The Syllogism; reg-
ular. Irregular, and compound conditional arguments.
Fallacies and the best methods of treating: them. Argu-
ment in orations and general literature.



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34 WASHINGTON UNIVBRSITY.

PSYCHOLOGY.

Mr, Hoxie. Three times a week.

Klemenlary Psychology. A beginning course, using Hoff-
ding's Outlines of Psychology as text-book, with
collateral reading in James' Psychology.

boonom:ios.

Mr, Hoxie. Three times a week.

1. Elementary Economics. A beginning course in tlieorj*,

prerequisite for all other courses.

2. Advanced Economics. A continuation of the study of

theory, prerequisite for Courses 4 -and 5.

3. Public Finance. Prerequisite for Course 7.

4. Money and Banking.

5. History of Political Economy.

0. Industrial History.

7. Financial History of the United States.

8. Tarlflf History of the United States.

HISTORY.
Professor Snow. Three times a week.

1. History of England from Henry VII. to the end of the

Stuart Period. Lectures and recitations.

2. History of England; Modem Period.

3. History of Frajnce under the Bourbon Kings to the

Revolution.

4. The Revolution and the Emi:)ire.

5. Mediaeval Germany; The Holy Roman Empire to tlie

Peace of Westphalia.

G. Eastern Buroi>e since the Fall of the Western Empire.

7. Constitutional History; Constitution of the United
States; Comparison of American and European Gov-
ernments.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 35

8. Elements of International Law, with Study of Treaties.

Half Course,

9. General European History; Review and Philosophical

Discussion. Half Course.

HISTORY OF ART.
Mr, Holmes Smith. Three times a week.
1. Ancient Art: Development of Architecture, Sculpture
and Decoration in Ancient Egypt, Chaldaea, Assyria,
Persia, Greece, and Rome.

2. Mediceval Art: Early Cliristian, Romanesque, and
Gothic Art: Architecture, Sculpture, and Decoration.
Students in these courses tnay ivith advantage take
Drawing i.

MATHEMATICS.

Three times a weeli.

1. Higher Algebra. Professor Engler,

2. Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. Professor Engler,

3. Analytic Geometry. Professor Engler,

4. Differential Calculus. Projessor Engler,

5. Integral Calculus. Professor Woodward,
G. Higher Plane Curves. Professor Engler.
7. Theory of Functions. Professor Engler,

APPLIED MECHANICS.

Professor Woodward,

1. Graphical Statics. Stress Diagrams for Frames, Trusses.

and Bridges analyzed and drawn to scale. Three hours
a week.

2. General Principles of Statics and Dynamics with iUus*

trative examples. Four hours a week.

3. Rotation of Rigid Bodies. Character and distribution of

Stress. Strength and Stiffness of Girders and Shafts
Four hours a week.



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36 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

4. Kinematics, Mechanism, Including the general theory of

transmission of energy by Gearing, Liquids, Belts,
etc., with and without friction. Two hours a week.

5. Deflection of beams and girders and the Torsion of

Shafts. Two hours a week*,

PHYSIOS.

1. Elementary Mechanics, including the Mechanics of

Fluids. Two lectures or recitations and two hours oj
laboratory zvork a week.

Professor Nipher em^ Mr Langsdorf,

2. Heat. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of labor-

atory ivork a week.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Langsdorf.

3. Optics. Two lectures or recitations and two hours of

laboratory work a zveek.

Professor Nipher and Mr. Langsdorf,

4. Electricity and Magnetism. Two lectures or recitations

and two hours of laboratory -work a week.

Projessor Nipher and Mr, Langsdorf.

5. Laboratory instruction in Electrical Measurements, in-

cluding measurement of resistances, K.M.F. of batteries,
the calibration of amperemeters and voltmeters,
electrolytic measurements, magnetic determinations,
heating effect of curremts, electrical determinations
of Joule's equivalent. Six hours a week.

Professor Nipher.
G. Introduction to the mathematical theory of Electricity
and Magnetism, including the theory of Potential;
capacity of bodies; energy of electrical systems; elec-
trometers and electrostatic voltmeters, theory of mag-
netic measurements, magnetic fields due to electric
currents, electrical induction, theory of dynamos and
electric motors, alternating currents, tri-phased sys-
itf ^teras. Three hours a week. Professor Nipher.



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COURSES OP INSTRUCTION. 37

7. Dynamo-electrlc Machinery, Including a dlscuasion of

tbe theory of series, shnnt and compound dynamos
and motors, conditions of efficiency of dynamos and
motors, conditions of economic operations, trans-
formers and transformer systems, electric lighting
stations, electric railways, power stations, and sec-
ondary batteries. Thrte lectures a week.

Professor Niphcr.

8. Laboratory worlt in testing electrical machinery. Three

hours a week, Mr. Langsdorf.

1). Designing of electrical machinery. Six hours a week,

Mr. Langsdorf,
10. Electrical Transmission of Tow^ and Light, and the
study of the designing of machinery for specific out-
put and economy. Three hours a week of lectures and
tivo hours of laboratory work. Mr, Langsdorf,

11-12.* Designing of Electrical Machiner>'. Six hours a week,

Mr. Langsdorf.
13-14. Laboratory Work. Six hours a week.

Mr, Langsdorf,
CHDMISTRY.

1-2. General Descriptive Chemistry. Lectures, laboratory
work, and recitations. General theories or chemistry.
Description of the elements and their compounds.
Six hours a week.

Professor Sanger and Dr. Allentan.

Courses /-2 must precede all others.

3-4. Qualitative Analysis. Mainly laboratory' work. Six

hours a* week. Professor Sanger and Dr. Alleman,

5-C. Quantitative Analysis, Elementary. Mainly laboratory

work. Fundamental principles of gravimetric and

volumetric analysis. Six to twelve hours a week.

Professor Sanger,
Courses 5-6 may be taken with courses 3-4, with the
consent of the instructor.



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38 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

7-8. Quantitative Analysis, Advanced. Laboratory work.
Analysis of commercial and Industrial materials and
products. Sanitary examination of foods, water, etc.
12 as Analysis. A knowledge of German is desirable.
Twelve hours a week. Professor Sanger,

Courses 7-8 must be preceded by courses s-^-

D-10. Carbon Compounds. Lectures on the syntheses of the
carbon compounds. Preparation of compounds il-
lustrative of general synthetic methods. A knowl-
edge of German is essential. Three to six hours a
week. Professor Sanger,

Courses g-to tnitst be preceded by courses 3-4 and 5-6.

U. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. Lectures on the his-
tory of chemistry und discussion of chemical tlieory.
Three hours a week. Dr. A He man.

Course 11 tnust be preceded by courses 3-4^ 5-^, and g-io.

12. Crystallography and Descriptive Mineralogy. Lectures

and conferences. Three hours a week.

Dr. Alleman.

13. Determinative Mineralogy. Lectures and laboratory

work. Determination of minerals by means of the
blow-pipe. Three hours a week.

Dr. Alleman.

Course 13 must be preceded by course 12.

\\. Assaying. Fire assays of gold, silver and lead ores and
smelting products. Laboratory work. Three hours a
zi'cek. Dr. Allcfnan.

15-16. Research in Theoretical Chemistry. Laboratory
work and reference to cliemical journals. Investi-
gation of some subject in inorganic or organic
chemistry. Preparation of a thesis.

Professor Sanger.



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COURSBS OP INSTRUCTION. 89

17-18. Kesof^cl) in Applied Chemistry. Laboratory work
and reference to chemical Journals. Investigation
of some subject In sanitary, technical, or analyti-
cal chemistry. Preparation of a thesis.

Professor Sanger,
BOTANY.

Professor Trelease andhvo Assistants. Three times a week.

1. Elementary Morphology and Organography, with refer-

ence to Ecology and Systematic Botany. Lectures
and demonstrations.

2. Elementary Anatomy and Phanerogamic Botany. Lab-

oratory work.

3. Synoptical Study of the Cryptogams. Laboratory work.

4. A special study of some group of Cryptogams.

5. Methods of Vegetable Histology. Laboratory work.

0. Histology and Morphology of the Higher Plants. Lab-
oratory work.

7. A laboratory study of the minute anatomy of the lower

Cryptogams.

8. Technical Microscopy of Timbers. Laboratory work.

Two hours a week.

9. Economic Botany. Lectures and labomtory demonstra-

tions.
10-11. Applied Mycology. Laboratory work.
12-13. Garden Botany. Laboratory study of cultivated

plants, at the Botanical Garden.
14-15. Vegetable Physiology. Laboratory work.
16-17. Bacteriological Technique. Laboratory work.
18. Demonstrations in Bacteriology. Tjvo hours a 7veek.
It is Intended that course 1 shall always be followed by
course 2, the two being preparatory to other electives. For
the present, unless special reason to the contrary exists.
courses 1 and 2 only will be given each year, the remaining
electives being offered the alternate years, as follows:



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40 WASHTSGTOX rNIVE*SIT\'.

For l$98-9a

First term, courses 1. 3. 12. 14, 16 and 18.
SeooDd term, coarses 2, 4, 9» 13, 15 and 17.

For 1S«^1900.

First term courses 1, 5, 8, 10, 16 and 18.
Seov^nd term, coarses 2, 6, 7 and 11.

i^tudents who have taken courses 1 and 2, or have had
their equivjilent elsewhere, are admitted to any of the
other elementary eloctives which can be taken without con-
flict with other university work; but students who desire
to e<iuip themselves as botanists are advised to take the
elect ives as nearly as possible in the order in which they
are offere<l. and on the completion of the elective courses
should exptvt to devote not less than ten hours a week
throuifh an entire year to some piece of research work,
st^lected under the advice of the Professor of Botany.

S[XHMal pv>st-.£rr:i(hiate study or investigation is planned to
meet the neeils of students, so far as the facilities of the
School of Boniny and the Botanical Garden permit

ASTRONOMY.

^fr. LichUr.

1. Descriptive Astronomy. Lectures and recitations, with

occasioiKil work at the Observatorv. Three hours a

2. Practical Astronomy. Applications of Astronomy io de-

termination of Time, Latitude. Lonpritude and Ai\-
111 III li. V^'o flours reoilatioii, two hours observatory
worlv. Splierical Trigonometry will be required for
entrance to either of these courses.

ZOOLOGY.

ylif/uncf-Pro/rssor HiDnbach, Three times a week.
1-2. Lectures and laboratory demonstrations.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 41

GEOLOGY.

Adjunct-Professor Hambach.
1. General Course. Two hours a week.
2-3. Elementary and Systematic Geology. Three hours a

week.
4-5. Palaeontology. Three hours a week.
G. Petrography. Three hours a 'week.

DRAWING.

Mr. Smith.

1. Freehand Drawing in outline of groups of objects, botli

from the objects themselves and from memory. The
accurate observation of form and its correct expres-
sion. The study of proportions and the laws of per-
spective involved in freehand drawing from objects.
Freehand Drawing and Shading from objects with pen-
cil, pen and ink, and brush. The study of light and
shade as a means of expressing form on a flat sur-
face. The methods of suggesting in slictches the
character of different materials. kSV.i- hours a week.

2. Practical Freehand liCttoring for use on plates and

working drawings.
Geometrical Drawing. Those problems in construction
that are needed In the study of descriptive geometry,
machine design, etc. .SV.r hours a week.

3. Machine Drawing. The making of working drawings

from actual measurement of machines and parts or

machines. The making of tracings and blue prints.
Isometric Drawing from actual measurement or from

sketches. In this work the drawings are line shaded.
The essentials of Linear Perspective, with problems.

Four hours a iveek.

4. Machine Drawing, Isometric Drawing, Perspective,

Course 3 continued. Two hours a zveek.



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42 WASHINGTON UNIVKRSITY.

DESCRIPTIVE GEOMETEY.

Professor Engler, Three times a week,

1. General problems of points, lines and planes; single

curved, double cun-ed and warped surfaces.

2. Tangeucy, intersections, shades and shadows, linear

. perspective.

♦SHOP WORK.

1. Carpentry-. Three hours a week, Mr, Swafford.

2. Pattern Making and Moulding. Three hours a week. *

Mr Bast,

3. Foreign. Six hours a week. Mr, Jones.

4. Machine Shop Worlc. .SV.r hours a week, Mr, McFarlane,

CIVIL ENGINEERING.

Professor Johnson,

L. Elements of Surveying. The use and adjustment of all
the ordinary surveying instruments; simple land sur-
veying and leveling. Two recitations a week^ with
field practice Satu rday forenoon .

2. T()i)ogi*aphical, Mining and Ilydrographlc Surveying.

Topographical surveying by the transit and stadia
method and also by the plane table; problems in
laying out simple and compound cun'es and turn-
outs, the passing of obstructions, adjustment of
curves, etc., in railroad surveying. Two recitations
a week, Tt'ith fic/d practice Saturday forenoon,

3. Surveying in the Field. Three iveeks dei'oted to field

practice. This practice includes the topographical
survey of a considerable tract of ground with an
Irregular surface, for the purpose of mapping it with
five-foot contours, this survey being based on a sys-

•The instruction in this subject is Riven in the shops and by the
instructors of the Manual Training School.



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COURSaS OP INSTRUCTION 43

tern of trfamgulatlon and levels which forms a part
of the work of the survey. A railroad line Is also
located from a coutonr map which Is made in the
field, and the earth- worlc upon it computed. Deter-
minations are also made by the students for latitude,
time and azimuth, and various other special prob-
lems are worked out practically. The map of this sur-
vey is diawn after return from the field. The class
goes to a suitable point at a distance from the city
for this worl£.

4. Higher Surveying. City, mllroad and geodetic sur-
veying, with the principles of the construction of
maps, the principles govern inig the economic lo ^ation
of railways; also the drawing of the map of the Jield
Survey. Four recitations a week, and four hours a
week in the drawinfr room.

;>. Stereotomy. Application of Descriptive Geometry to
stone cutting, including groined, cloistered and slsew
arches. Three hours a zveck. Professor Engler,

0. The analysis of Stresses in Framed Structures. Analyti-
cal and graphical determinations of stresses in vari-
ous styles of roof trusses, and of highw-ay and rail-
way bridges for distributed and concentrated, fixed
and moving loads. Three hours a week.

7. The Designing of Framed Structures. The analysis of
suspension, draw and arch bridges, and an analytical
study of the principles involved in the designing of
the general and detail portions of the more common
styles of bridges and roofs; the preparation of draw-
ings showing all the details of some existing Iron
bridge*, made from actual measurements taken by the
students, and complete original designs of a plate
girder, of a trussed roof, and of a highway bridge.
Four recitations a zveek, and eij^ht hours a week draw-
ing-room work.



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44 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

8. Masonry Structures. Building masonry foundations, re-
taining walls, dams, arches, chimneys, etc., together
with the study of the strength of the material In-
volved. Two hoins a week.

L^. Engineering Materials. A review of the principles ot
mechanics relating especially to the strength of ma-
terials, both inside and beyond their elastic limits,
together with the description of methods of testing
the strength of materials and a discussion of the
essential properties of the more common materials
of eiij^iiieiTiiij^ construction. Three hours a zi'eek.

10-11. Testing Lalioiatory Practice. Experimental t.>st«<
made by the student on the strength of various
kinds of engineering materials. Three hours a zceek.

VI. Sanitary Engineering and Irrigation. Modem irriga-
tion methods, including the elements of a complete
irrigation scheme, and the methods of drainage of
land.
The collection, stornsre, pumping, settling, filtering and
distrilnition of i)()tal)lo waters, as modified by the
conditions governing the supply, and the demands of
city service.

Sewerage and Drainage of Cities. The practical de-
signing of systems of sewerage and drainage of
cities, togetlier with tiie methods of sewage disposal,
the principles of house drainage, sanitary plumbins,
etc. Four hours a 7ceek.

13. Specifications and Contracts. The law of contracts as
applied to engineering work, together with typical
forms of specifications governing both the commer-
cial and the teclinical features of engineering con-
struction, and of all the related documents pertain-
ing to engineering contracts. One hour a week.



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COURSES OF INSTRUCTION. 45

14. Structural Drawing. To accompany course 6. Six
hours a week,

13. Engineering Design. Supplementary to courses 7, 8
and 13. Eight hours a iveek,

IC. Graduation Thesis. An extended study or design, in-
volving original investigation or experiment.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.

Professor Kinealy.

1. Kinematics of Machinery. The principles of mechanism,

rolling curves, cams, teeth of wheels, link work and
trains of mechanism. Four hours a lueck,

2. Machine Designing. Study of the principles. Two hours

a week,

3. Machine Designing. Shafting, gearing, belts and ropes.

Two hours a zveek.

4. Elementary Steam Engineering. Elements of thermo-

dynamics and the theory of the steam engine; types
of engines; valves and valve diagrams; Indicator
cards; boilers and chimneys. Three hours a week,

5. Machinery Drawing. Work 111 the drawing-room to ac-

company Course 1. Six hours a week,
C. Machinery Drawing. Details of the steam engine; link
motions and valve diagrams. »SV.l' hours a iveek,

7. Mechanical Laboratory. The standardization of instru-

ments; oil testing. Three hours a week,

8. Mechanical Laboratory. Lining up and adjusting the

steam engine; use of the Indicator; valve setting;
tests of the engine. Three hours a week,

9. *Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machinery. Three hours a

week. Professor Woodward,



•For the present year Theoretical Hydraulics will be taught^by Pro-
fessor Woodward.



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46 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

JO. Advanced Steam Engineering. Study of the details of
different engines. Thermodynamics. Three hours a
week.

11. Steam Engine Designing. Three hours a week.

12. Boiler and Chimney Designing. Three hours a iveek.

13. Mill and Factory Construction. Two hours a week,

14. Heating and Ventilating. Three hours a week.

15. Engine Designing. Worls in the drawing-room to ac-

company Course 11. Six hours a week.
IC. Engine Designing. Work in the drawing-room to ac-
company Course 11, for students in Electrical ESn-
gineering. Three hours a week.

17. Boiler Designing. Worlc tn drawing-room to accompany

Course 12. Nine hours a zveek.

18. Mechanical Laboratory. Tests of the steam and gas

engines. Three hours a zveek.

19. Mechanical Laboratory. Boiler tests; visits to mann-

facturing establishments. Three hours a week.



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THE COLLEGE.

Admission.

Candidates for admission to the College will pre-
sent themselves for examination on Monday. June
12, 1899, in room No. 8, east wing of the University
Building, at 9 o'clock a. m. A second examination
will be held on Tuesday, September 26, for such can-
didates as cannot be present in June.

Division of the Examination.

A candidate for admission may, at his option, take
the entire examination at one time ; or he may divide
it (i) between two years, or (2) between June and
September of the same year ; provided he is prepared
at the first examination in not less than four of the
subjects named in the requirements for admission.

Testimonial's.

All candidates for admission are required to fur-
nish testimonials of good moral character, and stu-
dents from other colleges are required to present cer-
tificates of honorable dismissal.

Candidates who divide the examination must fur-
nish their testimonials at the time of their final ex-
amination for admission.



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48 WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY.

Requirements for Admission to the
Freshman Ci.ass.*
I. Elements of English. Neat and readable hand-
writing; correct spelling, punctuation and use
of capitals, proper construction of sentences;
clearness and conciseness of expression.

Candidates are advised to study the following :
A grammar containing a clear and simple system of
analysis of sentences such as is found in Longman* s
School Grammar ; Shakespeare's Merchant of
Venice; Addison's Roger de Coverley papers from
The Spectator^ Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield,
George Rliot's Silas Mamer^ I/)ngfellow's Evangel-
ine ^ and Kmerson's essays on Friendship, Manners,
Compensation, History, Character.

II. Algebra, including radicals and equations of
the second degree.

III. Elementary Plane and Solid Geometry. Wells' or
Wentworth's Geometry or an equivalent.

IV. Latin. Grammar, four books of Caesar, seven
orations of Cicero, and six books of the
^neid of Virgil. Prose Composition.
V. Modern Language. Pl^ither French or German at
the option of the candidate ; facility in read-
ing ordinary prose at sight and knowledge oi
elementar>^ grammar shown by the ability to
translate easy sentences from English into
French or German.



•XoTi:. — ^rz-^/t is not required for admission; but candidates who in-
tend to continue the study of (ireek after admission to the Collcg:c must
fulfill the following requirements: —

Goodwin's Grammar and Reader; or Grammar, four books of the
Anabasis, and three books of the Iliad; prose composition.



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THR COI.I.KGE. 49

VI. History, Of the United States and of England,



Online LibraryMo.) Washington University (Saint LouisA catalogue of the officers and students of Washington University, for the academic year .. → online text (page 35 of 70)